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Week 7 – Subjunctive and unreal past; conditionals

Vocabulary and grammar

1. Put each verb in brackets into an appropriate tense.
a) Now we’re lost! If you .................................... (write down) Mary’s directions, this .................................... (not happen).
b) Why don’t we emigrate? If we ............................ (live) in Australia, at least the weather ........................(be) better.
c) I’m afraid that Smith is a hardened criminal. If we .................................. (not punish) him this time, he
................................... (only commit) more crimes.
d) Thanks to Dr Jones, I’m still alive! If it .................................... (not be) for her, I .................................. (be) dead for
certain!
e) I’m sorry I can’t lend you any money. You know that if I .................................. (have) it, I .................................. (lend)
it to you.
f) Don’t be afraid. If you .................................. (touch) the dog, it .................................. (not bite).
g) In those days, if you .................................. (have) a job, you .................................. (be) lucky.
h) It’s always the same! If I .................................. (decide) to leave the office early, my boss .................................. (call)
me after I’ve left!
i) What a terrible thing to happen! Just think, if we .................................. (not miss) the plane, we ..................................
(kill) in the crash.
j) Did you enjoy your meal? If you .................................. (finish) eating, I .................................. (clear away) the plates.
2. Rewrite each sentence so that it contains the word in capitals.
a) If you do have any free time, could you give me a ring?
(SHOULD)  If you should have any free time, could
you give me a ring?
b) We won’t go away if the weather is bad. (UNLESS)
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c) I didn’t have the money so I didn’t buy a new suit. (WOULD)
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d) If you hurry up, you won’t be late. (GOING)
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e) If they offered you the job, would you accept? (WERE)
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f) If you are in London by any chance, come and see me. (HAPPEN)
..........................................................................................................................................................................................
g) Without you, I would have given up years ago. (BEEN)
..........................................................................................................................................................................................
h) Please take a seat, and I’ll inquire for you. (WILL)
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3. Complete the text using one word in each gap.
Neighbours and noise
Do you ever wish that your neighbours (a) .........would......... turn down their music? Perhaps you’re trying to sleep and
you wish that the people next door (b) .................................. not holding an all-night barbecue party in their garden. Or do
you feel it is (c) .................................. you moved to an uninhabited island? Don’t worry – you are just another victim of
noise pollution. Of course, most people would prefer (d) ..................................if cars (e) .................................. no noise at
all, neighbours (f) .................................. as quiet as mice, and nobody (g) .................................. about the streets in cars
with open windows and high-powered sound systems. You may even wish you (h) .................................. stop children
from playing in the street, or planes from passing overhead. But in the end, if I (i) .................................. you I (j)
.................................. just get used to it. Close the windows, buy some earplugs, laugh and turn up your own stereo. Just
act (k) .................................. if the noise (l) .................................. simply not there! Who knows, perhaps it will go away!

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..................................................................................................... 5........ f) Suppose a complete stranger ......... h) John is in prison because a detective recognised him..................... give her my love........ lose the race......... I would have broken my leg................. Put each verb in brackets into a suitable tense. d) What would you do if you found some buried treasure? I you were .................... beginning as shown...... Rewrite each sentence............... (leave) you a lot of money in their will! g) I wish I ............................... If I ........................... drowned.............. c) If you ....................................................... a) I regret drinking so much last night! If only ........ d) I hope / wish you’d stop shouting so much.......................... e) I hope / wish it would stop raining.................. 2 ............................................................... d) Helen is so bossy... j) But for Sally............... But for ............................. h) If I were .......... Choose between hope and wish in each sentence.............. I ............................................. c) I hope / wish the weather improves soon.......................................... could you let me know? If you happen ........................... so that the meaning stays the same.... (start) working seriously.... (go) to your party after all................. c) If you do the shopping.........................Week 7 – Subjunctive and unreal past................................................... (not keep) coming late to class...... b) I’d rather you ................................. a) That was a narrow escape! If I had fallen.................................... .................... if Harry didn’t win the competition! e) Unless Brenda ............................... (go) with you... b) If it hadn’t ....................... I wish I ................ the project would have been abandoned..................... i) The government demanded that the ambassador . loved you...................... otherwise................................ (own) the place.................... She acts as if she ................. gone out for a walk................................................ (not watch) television while I’m reading..... a) I would say it was time you ................................... (spend) more time swimming last summer....... then I’d like it back please................................................ to me............................ b) What would you do if there was an earthquake? Supposing .............................................................. 7........... f) If you ...................... even ....................................................................................................................................... b) I hope / wish I knew the answer......... d) I ...................... Complete each sentence with a suitable word or phrase.............................. If a detective ... j) You are lucky going to Italy..... g) I might be late.................. c) I wish I .............. 6.................................................................... please.......................... conditionals Vocabulary and grammar 4. e) If Pauline hadn’t been interested..................................... f) If by any chance you find my wallet...................... You ......................... see Mary............................ Jim .............................................................................................. e) I wish you .. what would you say? i) Thanks for your help with the garden... (be) recalled............................................................. g) I wouldn’t accept the job........ h) I’d rather you . (sit) next to Susan................................................. start without me....... .......................................................... a) I hope / wish I’ll see you again soon.. I’ll cook lunch.... If so.........

i) I really wish we . the money be paid at once.............. a) It’s time all of us .............. conditionals Vocabulary and grammar 8................... Complete each sentence with a suitable word or phrase........ b) ........ a) I wish I bought that old house....... h) I hope it would stop raining.............. 9............... either way what happened........ over........ rather go by bus.............. j) I wish I didn’t listen to you before............Week 7 – Subjunctive and unreal past.. i) I’d prefer you didn’t wait................. b) I’d rather you don’t eat all the bread....... in bed........... as if you had played in the match instead of watching it............. Decide whether each sentence is grammatically possible or not..... Complete each sentence with one word..................... d) If you didn’t lend us the money............ we would have been home by now.... we would have taken much longer.... 11...... 10. you didn’t mind my phoning so late... if possible.......... f) We both wish you ............. e) I wish Carol .. did about that problem we discussed? 3 ...... h) What ........................ g) If you will drive so fast.... be here to see you all....................................... i) But for you helped us... a) If you haven’t received a letter yet........ try listening to me just for once! c) I .... e) The authorities ........ no wonder the police keep stopping you................ but I was busy I’m afraid................ f) I wish I could ..... you haven’t got the job....... drop me a line.. may... j) If Jack joins the team...... d) .. they offered you the job of managing director...... b) If it isn’t for David........... g) Come what comes. I would have met you at the airport........... h) If I knew you were coming...... staying longer............. I will always be on your side! c) I wish you .......... g) Mary sometimes acts as if she .... d) I wish I own a motorbike. I’m leaving... Correct the error or errors in each sentence.... h) ... f) Sue would rather reading than watching television........ I’ll be on your side...... at your party................. we are missing the bus... f) If it wasn’t for the rain. a) It’s ............ e) I wish we are not leaving in the morning.......... e) If you should happen to change your mind.......................... I’d rather you .. the lecture instead of Professor Brown! d) Don’t rush your decision.............. g) You .. j) I .... it doesn’t alter the seriousness of the problem.. we go to the pub on the corner instead... c) If it’s raining...... we would have gone to the bank....... married.... c) It’s time I go............... time you learned to look after yourself! b) I wish you ....... that as it may.......................

.............. there were no tigers left in the world: how (j) ........ conditionals Vocabulary and grammar 12.............. as some are already too few in number... the trouble to protect them from other species. if the 6......................... to reclaim the planer.. not for the efforts made by international campaigns over past decades........ nature (b) (begin) . if tiger habitats are redeveloped there is no guarantee of success............................... the numbers of fish worldwide (k) (eventually increase) .. (f) ................... already have become a fact............ if humans no longer (j) (catch) ............................. tomorrow......... fish.................................. but more solid parts (g) (take) .. all the CO2 in the atmosphere for thousands of years.. if people no longer (c) (pollute) ......... that day may come sooner than later.................................................. clean again................................................ they (v) (find) ........... eventually become extinct..... local people are involved in conservation. If there (e) (be) ............ (e) ....................... the world’s tiger population is protected.................... For a start............ the illegal hunters quickly move back in..................................................... For example....... conservation projects are neglected......................... and there must be adequate finance............. Even if we no longer (p) (poison) ... However...... Complete the text with one word in each gap............. Some endangered species (n) (have) .............. In the end......................... If it (c) .... The Earth after humans If all people on Earth (a) ..........5 billion humans no longer (h) (compete) ........ (i) .......Week 7 – Subjunctive and unreal past... they (f) (soon begin) ............. In general.............. However..................... An organised programme with safeguards must be introduced. though................ greater difficulty surviving if no humans (o) (take) ............. thousands of years to disappear........ And even if the burning of fossil fuels (s) (cease) ................... tomorrow... if alien visitors (u) (land) ......................... tigers (b) ..................... If (h) . no signs that an advanced civilization had ever lived here........ Government agencies must be involved..... if humans (l) (vanish) . Complete the sentence with a suitable form of the verb in brackets................................. Environmental issues Everyone agrees that (a) ............ the extinction (d) .............. we all feel? According to some environmentalists....................... most species (i) (benefit) .......................... Tigers can coexist with human beings..................... no people to maintain buildings.................. 13.... the atmosphere....... to decay...... on the Earth in 100.... 4 ................... from Earth...................................... (g) ........ the oceans (t) (not absorb) .disappeared........... with other species on Earth........................ endangered species of animals (m) (not necessarily recover) ......... the air (d) (soon become) ........... several decades (q) (go by) .................000 years time............ the planet.................. before all dangerous chemicals (r) (disappear) ......