You are on page 1of 24

21 things you should know

about the IB

June 2007

21 things you should know about the IB…
ƒ What is the IB mission, values and legal status? (3)
ƒ What is special about the IB? (4)
ƒ What is the IB’s strategy? (5)
ƒ How is the IB governed? (6)
ƒ What is the management structure? (7)
ƒ Who works for the IB and where? (8)
ƒ Who are the major IB stakeholders? (9)
ƒ What are IB Programmes? (10)
ƒ What is the Primary Years Programme? (11)
ƒ What is the Middle Years Programme? (12)
ƒ What is the Diploma Programme? (13)
ƒ What is the learner profile? (14)

ƒ How is a school authorised and reviewed? (15)
ƒ How does the IB develop its curriculum? (16)
ƒ What is special about IB assessment? (17)
ƒ How does the IB provide professional development
for teachers? (18)
ƒ What external factors affect the IB? (19)
ƒ Where will you find IB World Schools? (20)
ƒ How has the IB grown? (21)

ƒ What does it cost to offer an IB programme? (22)
ƒ What makes up the annual budget? (23)

A note about data sources:
Information has been obtained and checked as at April 2007 unless otherwise indicated.
The latest version of this document is always available at

© International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

long-term. Europe and Middle East region IBCA IB Curriculum and Assessment Centre IBAP IB Asia Pacific region IBRU IB Research Unit IBLA IB Latin American region MYP Middle Years Programme IBNA IB North American region PYP Primary Years Programme IBHQ IB Headquarters DP Diploma Programme © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . not a company Surplus We are ‘not-for-profit’ so any ‘surplus’ we make is reinvested in the organization. two-way relationship with them. IB World Schools IB World Schools are our customers and we have a very close. Headquarters in Geneva Common abbreviations: IBAEM IB Africa.An English to “IBese” dictionary To help you communicate with the ‘locals’ if you have a business background Term “Meaning” Organization The IB is an ‘organization’. Director general The director general is our chief executive. Programmes Our three ‘programmes’ are our products. Council of Foundation The Council is our governing board.

compassionate and lifelong learners who understand that other people.ibo. focused on the student. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . International mindedness We embrace diversity Further resources: • The Annual Review including accounts is available on www. Partnerships We achieve our goals by working together These programmes encourage students across the world to become active. can also be right. with their differences. Mission Core values The International Baccalaureate aims to develop inquiring. knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect. motivated by its educational mission. Motivated by a mission We aim to create a better world through education To this end the organization works with schools. Quality We value our reputation for high standards Legal status Participation We actively involve our stakeholders The IB is a non-profit making Swiss Foundation registered in 1968.Organization: What is the IB mission and legal status? The IB is a not-for-profit foundation. governments and international organizations to develop challenging programmes of international education and rigorous assessment. The activities of the organization are determined by an Act of Foundation approved by the Swiss

certain words are frequently used… © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 .Organization: What is special about the IB? When people talk about the IB.

assessment and professional development. C. B.Organization: What is the IB’s strategy? The IB is planning its rapid growth to maximize its worldwide impact The current strategic plan was adopted by the Council of Foundation in April IB Mission Statement Impact through planned growth A. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . particularly with disadvantaged students. How to deliver – Infrastructure STRATEGY C: To build a highly effective and efficient organization and infrastructure to serve students and schools. Impact – using our limited resources where we can make the greatest difference for as many students as possible. A copy is available at www. What to deliver – Quality STRATEGY A: To improve continuously the quality of our curriculum. Planned growth – creating an organization that is proactive rather than reactive in its growth. Whom to deliver to – Access STRATEGY B: To broaden access purposefully where we can have the most impact.ibo.

13 members each Elected by IB World School heads • 3 members from each IB region Nominates 2 heads Page 7 Director general 16 October 2007 Advisory council to Reports to Regional director(s) © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Management Advisory council to Reports to Elected by the regional council (from recommendations by its nomination committee) • 6 Heads of IB World Schools • Two nominated by the heads council • Four nominated by heads in region • 7 other members bringing a wide range of skills and experience based on the strategic needs of the region Advisory Heads council . culture and geography and a balance of complementarity of professional experience Nominates to Regional council(s) 12 members One council per IB region. a diversity of gender. two from each IB region.20 Target size: Officers elected by Board members. regional councils and the Board Aims to ensure a minimum of four IB World School heads. two IB alumni. Non ex officio Board members may not serve on management advisory bodies • • Receives nominations from the heads council.IB governance structure Audit committee Compensation committee Education committee Finance committee 15 to 25 members Ex officio Director general (non-voting) Chair of the Examining Board Chair of the heads council 1 1 1 Others Elected by the Board on recommendations from the governance committee Fund raising committee Governance Board of Governors Governance committee 14 .17 17 .

Organization: What is the management structure? The directors leadership team (DLT) consists of 12 people reporting to the director general Deputy director general Ian Hill Regional Director general Jeffrey Beard Functional Academic Regional director (North America) Drew Deutsch CFO / finance director Daniel Benham Academic director Judith Fabian Regional director (Latin America) Marta Rodger ICT director Wendy Xerri Assessment director George Pook Regional director (Asia Pacific) Judith Guy HR director Carol James Authorization & Evaluation director Nelida Antuna Regional Director (Europe. Africa. ME) Andrew Bollington Development Development director Andrea Lucard © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 .

Argentina (20) Regional office for Latin America Based on March 2007 data Full time equivalent staff numbers Mumbai. Publications (21). United Kingdom Academic (85. HR & admin (23).4). ICT (40).5) © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 .5) Singapore Regional office for Asia Pacific (22) Sydney. New York. Europe and the Middle East (30) Yokohama. United Kingdom Research (6) Geneva. Finance (18). India Regional representative for South Asia (0. Assessment (70).Organization: Who works for the IB and where? 403 staff are located in 12 offices for a balance of global coverage and administrative efficiency/focus. Japan Regional representative for Japan (0. Australia Regional representative for Australasia (2) Buenos Aires. Switzerland Headquarters (15) Regional office for Africa.5) Beijing. United States Regional office for North America and the Caribbean (39) Vancouver Regional office for North America and the Caribbean (3) Cardiff. Strategy and communications (10) Bath. China Regional representative for Mongolia and China (0.

The public website provides over 1. ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Governance members IB staff Examiners Senior examiners Workshop leaders Head teachers School coordinators Teachers* Students (all three programmes)* Parents (of current students) * Alumni* Total 95 403 4. press/media.472 for teachers. universities.074.000 1. governments.048 2. for the public. occ.000 copies.000 200.000 121 2.ibo. * = estimates IB World magazine is published three times a year with a print run of 20. etc. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 .0 million Also institutional stakeholders such as regional associations. Education for a better World is the main informational brochure for the organization.000 670.ibo.000 Key websites: for school coordinators and examiners. ibis.6m pages per month.Organization: Who are the major IB stakeholders? The IB has a complex network of stakeholders and invests significant effort in communication.000 2.

12 Curriculum Middle Years Ages 11 .16 Student assessment Professional development Diploma Ages 16 .19 School evaluation © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 .Programmes: What are IB Programmes? The three IB Programmes each contain four core elements Primary Years Ages 3 .

ƒ Students explore each theme through a “unit of inquiry” developed around a central idea. work collaboratively. consider multiple perspectives. ƒ Evidence of student learning and records of PYP exhibitions are reviewed by the IB as part of the programme evaluation process. It requires students to analyse and propose solutions to realworld issues. French. reflect. ƒ The PYP exhibition is the culminating activity of the PYP. ƒ Supported in English. develop conceptual understanding. construct meaning. drawing on what they have learned through the PYP.Programmes: What is the Primary Years Programme? An opportunity for learners to construct meaning. principally through concept-driven inquiry. ƒ Assessment is internal and its function is to demonstrate and enhance the learning ƒ Organized around six transdisciplinary themes of global significance intended to help children engage with their world and the world around them. make connections. an in-depth study requiring knowledge and skills that may be transdisciplinary or derived from the subject domains. take action © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . think critically. Spanish but can be taught in other languages. ƒ 362 authorized schools. Key features: Students will inquire. ƒ For all students in a school aged 3 to 12.

an experiment or an invention for example. Key features: a broad and balanced curriculum ~ holistic learning ~ communication ~ intercultural awareness ~ inclusive programme ~ assessment for learning ~ academic rigour ~ community and service ~ develops research skills. critical thinking and enquiring skills ~ reflection © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 .Programmes: What is the Middle Years Programme? A framework of academic challenge and life skills appropriate to students aged 11 to 16. ƒ Includes all the major disciplines but is flexible enough to accommodate ‘national curriculum’ requirements as well as facilitating interdisciplinary work. an essay. ƒ 539 authorized schools. to link what they learn to the real world and to global issues. ƒ The five “areas of interaction” help students to make connections between subjects. ƒ Fundamental concepts of the programme are holistic education. ƒ Schools can opt to have the IB validate their internal assessment and an MYP certificate can be obtained. ƒ In the final year students carry out a personal project of particular interest to them. This project may be an original work of art. Spanish and Chinese but can be taught in other languages ƒ Aimed at students aged 11 to 16. There is no external examination. a piece of fiction writing. French. and to reflect and act on their learning. communication and intercultural awareness. ƒ Supported in English.

ƒ Alternatively. and complete a number of creativity. ƒ Over ½ million graduates since 1970 ƒ Available in English. ƒ The diploma is well recognized by the world’s leading universities. ƒ 1571 authorized schools today.000 word extended essay. students can opt to take individual certificates in one or more subjects. ƒ Many IB schools teach the Diploma Programme along-side national programmes. French. critical thinking and enquiring skills ~ reflection © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . ƒ Aimed at 16 to 19 year old in the final two years of high school. ƒ Around 100 languages are available in groups 1 and 2. Most subjects are available at higher level (HL) and standard level (SL) Key features: a broad and balanced curriculum ~ flexibility of choice within a structure ~ concurrency of learning ~ development of international understanding ~ rigorous assessment ~ community service ~ develops research skills. complete a course in theory of knowledge. with 29 subjects in groups 3 to 6. action and service (CAS) projects.Programmes : What is the Diploma Programme? A rigorous two year pre-university course that leads to examinations. for motivated students. ƒ Diploma students take six subjects (usually one from each subject group) plus they write a 4. Spanish with examinations in May and November each year.

the culture and ethos of all IB World Schools. IB learners strive to be: Inquirers Knowledgeable Thinkers Communicators Principled Open-minded Caring Risk-takers The attributes of the learner profile express the values inherent to the IB continuum of international education: these are values that should infuse all elements of the three programmes and. Balanced Reflective IB programmes promote the education of the whole person. emotional and social growth through all domains of knowledge. emphasizing intellectual. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . therefore.Programmes : What is the learner profile? It’s the IB mission statement translated into a set of learning outcomes for the 21st century. personal.

Services: How is a school authorized and reviewed? Authorization is an intensive process that lasts at least two years and includes site visits. Fee of $4.500 If the school is authorized .300 At least one academic year Application phase Authorized as an “IB World School” School continues to implement and submits a formal application. the feasibility of implementation and applies to be a “candidate school”. then every 5 years thereafter. The MYP and PYP share broadly similar processes and fees while teaching in the Diploma Programme does not start until the school is authorized. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . The process does vary slightly from region to region. Fee of $4. then programme delivery continues.500 6 to 18 months These examples are based on practice in North America. At least 6 months School implements the programme guided by the regional office. Review After 3-4 years school does selfstudy and is visited. Site visit takes place. Fee of $3. Middle Years and Primary Years Programme Consideration phase Candidate phase School investigates the programme.

g. The process of review is ongoing. ƒ The education committee of the Council of Foundation manages overall academic policy across the three programmes (see How is the IB Governed?). ƒ Each programme has a programme committee (e. Each IB subject is at a particular point in the review cycle in order to balance the overall workload. ƒ Schools worldwide are encouraged to contribute by: ƒ Completing questionnaires and surveys ƒ Testing new materials ƒ Supplying experienced teachers to attend curriculum review meetings ƒ Commenting on draft guides ƒ In addition to guides. the IB produces teacher support materials such as sample exam papers.Services: How does the IB develop its curriculum? An ongoing cycle of curriculum review involves practicing teachers from around the world. Teachers Examiners / moderators Participants in curriculum development Consultants IB Staff ƒ A published review cycle and timetable aims to ensure that our curriculum is relevant and up to date without the need for unexpected change. projects and samples of assessed student work. The Primary Years Programme committee). which is responsible for supervising the quality and development of the programme. Year 1 Jan: publication of the guide in 4 languages Aug: Northern hemisphere starts to implement Year 2 Jan: Southern hemisphere starts to implement MYP curriculum review cycle* Years 5 and 6 Years 3 and 4 Full implementation of the guide with application of criteria and descriptor in final assessment Full use of the guide Review and development of the guide © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 * a similar curriculum review cycle exists for the DP and PYP . lessons.

The IB undertakes random inspections of schools during exams.000 examiners in over 100 countries Senior examiners meet in Cardiff each exam session to set grade boundaries according to established criteria. Diploma score distribution for May 2006 2200 May ‘06 May ‘05 80. consistent and differentiating of student ability.1% May ‘03 May ‘02 82% 82.4% 81. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . Teachers provide feedback on examinations and many are also IB examiners. The IB has 4.3% May  ‘04 83. Further resources: • Diploma Programme Assessment – principles and practice – available on www.4% 2000 Number of candidates 1800 Quality is maintained with an extensive script checking process in Cardiff in which every script is administratively checked once it has been marked. 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 ƒ 600 400 ƒ 200 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Diploma points score Diploma awarded ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Diploma not awarded ƒ Diploma Programme assessment includes both final examinations and internal assessment undertaken by the teacher to IB criteria and then externally moderated by the IB. All examiners are ‘quality checked’ through a process of moderation. Results are published on July 5th for May exams (predominantly northern hemisphere schools) and January 5th for November exams (predominantly southern hemisphere schools).ibo. The overall Diploma pass rate is broadly consistent year on year. For transparency.Services: What is special about IB assessment? IB assessment is rigorous. criterion referenced. observers are invited to many The diploma is graded over 45 points giving ample scope to differentiate student ability.

A range of teacher support materials and online courses are offered. the IB trains and supports workshop leaders and online faculty members. The Online Curriculum Centre (OCC) is an international community of practice for 66 thousand registered IB teachers at http://occ. Teacher qualifications are currently being developed.Services: How does the IB support teachers? The IB trains and supports teachers through both traditional fact-to-face workshops and online Face-to-face workshops are organized by each IB region throughout the year for all three programmes and at levels from introductory to To make this possible. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . Nearly 35.ibo. often in collaboration with partner organizations and universities.000 teachers were trained in 2006.

Political Economic Social • Recognition of IB programmes by universities. particularly in the state sector. • Complexity of legal relationships of schools. • Global disparities in spending on education. • Political unrest in certain countries • Educational reform in transitional countries. • E-learning. • Fluctuating exchange rates. Emarking. • Global disparities in spending on education. particularly in the state sector. • Schools look to partner with schools in other countries. • National accreditation of qualifications. Technological Environmental Legal • Internet provides an enormous lowcost opportunity to reach students and teachers. E-assessment.Market: What external factors affect the IB? Operating in 122 countries. • Increasing burden of regulation. or even continents. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . • Fluctuating exchange. • Affected by globalization. even in “national” schools. • Pressures to reduce travel. schools become more multi-cultural and international. the IB is politically independent yet highly influenced by its environment.

Middle East Low income countries Lower middle income countries 4% 27% 10% 13% 49% Upper middle Income countries North America 13% 11% 73% Asia Pacific Latin America High income countries * Based on World Bank list of economies (July 2005) © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . but with some concentration.Market: Where will you find IB World Schools? The IB operates world-wide to include a wide range of schools and countries. Europe. Schools by country type* Programmes by region Africa.

Annual growth rates for the three programmes demonstrate strong and consistent year on year growth. Demand for IB programmes continues to be very strong. in reality most of the schools can be found in a smaller number of countries. While the IB works in 125 countries. French and Spanish) ƒ local university recognition ƒ government regulations and national curriculum requirements. 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 USA 758 Canada UK Australia Mexico Argentina 246 Spain 103 97 Sweden 62 43 39 33 31 39 China India 1 by country Schools © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . ƒ language (mainly English. The organization does not actively market its programmes so most new schools join as a result of “word of mouth”. The major obstacles to schools becoming IB World Schools are: ƒ the cost relative to local alternatives.000 students.Market: How has the IB grown? The IB has experienced rapid and consistent growth over the past 15 years. The IB is currently estimated to reach over 500.

400 Average school size is 46 examined candidates ($819) $1. legalisation. IB Diploma Programme Fees (2007/08) per student Primary Years Programme (07/08) ƒ $5220 annual fee ƒ Evaluation fee after 4 years and then every 5 years $1. etc) © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 . labs.000 Middle Years Programme (07/08) ƒ $5220 annual fee ƒ Moderation: $614 per subject and $58 per student ƒ Evaluation fee every five years $800 $600 $400 $200 $0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Number of candidates Diploma Programme fees include fixed school fees (US$ 8.850) plus a number of per candidate examination fees .200 Fee $1. Other school costs ƒ Teacher training ƒ Postage and mailing ƒ Additional staffing ƒ Publications ƒ Special facilities (library.Money: What does it cost to offer an IB programme? Our fees vary by programme but are just one of the costs experienced by a school.600 $1. etc) ƒ Special services (enquiry upon results.

7 Revenues 1.3 Expenses 0.9 50 53.2 46.9 P ublicatio ns 0 US$ 000.3 Surplus/deficit 2.000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 2006 65.7 Other 70 2.6 39.9 2% ƒ Financial year is January to December 78% from school fees 20% .8 30.Money: What makes up the annual budget? As a knowledge based organization.7 Source: Annual Report 2006 26.5 23% 33. our greatest expense is people Expenditure 2006 ƒ IB reporting currency is USD Income 15% from workshops 44% Staff co sts Examinatio ns 1% Expenditure Total US$63.9 34. GBP. CHF 3% from publications ƒ Reserves are maintained within a range of 30 to 40 days of operating expenses 4% from other Wo rksho ps & co nferences 63.2 ƒ Major operating currencies: USD.4 10 0.3 29 24 3.1 A utho rizatio n & Evaluatio n 10% 47.9 20 1.6 60 50.7 40 30 39.