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Chapter 7 Answers

Practice 7-1
1. 8
2. 8 3. 60
4. 240
5. 2.635
6. 1.92
7. 0.8125
8. 9
9. 1500
10. 8.75
11. 3.44
12. 7
13. 110
14. 30
15. 16
16. 119
17. 12
18. 48
19. 40
20. 56

Practice 7-2
1. " 51
5. 2 " 21
9. 35 " 114
13. 19 m
17. right

2. 4 " 7
3. 2 " 65
4. " 7
6. 18 " 2
7. 210 in.2
8. 24 " 10 cm2
2
ft
10. 46 in.
11. 78 ft
12. 279 cm
14. acute
15. right
16. obtuse
18. obtuse
19. acute

Practice 7-3

1. x = 2; y = " 3
3.
6.

2. a = 4.5; b = 4.5" 3

3
25"3
c = 50"
4. 8 " 2
5.
3 ;d = 3
28"3
7. 2
8. x = 15; y = 15 " 3
3

10. 42 cm
14. w
b=3

11. 5.9 in.

10"3
= 3 ;x =

12. 10.4 ft, 12 ft

5; y = 5 " 2 ; z

5 "3
= 3

14 " 2

9. 3 " 2

13. 170 in.2

Practice 7-4

© Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Reteaching 7-1
1. Samples:
4

4
6

4
6

6

2. Samples:
3
6

2

3
8

3. 20 cm2
4. 55 in.2
8. Samples:

8

5. 6 m

6. 8 ft

7. 4 in.

4

8"3
8"3
= 3 ;d = 3

3

6
8

9. 5 in.

10. 23 cm

11. 9 ft

Reteaching 7-2
1.–2. Sample:

1 1

1. 32p
2. 16p
3. 7.8p
4. Samples: DFA , ABF
00
1 1
5. Samples: FE , FD
6. Samples: FEB , EDA
0 0
7. Samples: FE , ED
8. ACB
9. FCD
10. 32
11. 43
12. 54
13. 39
14. 71
15. 90
16. 50
17. 220
18. 140
19. 220
20. 130
21. 6p in.
22. 16p cm
23. 49 p m

Geometry Chapter 7

3
7
1. 8.7%
2. 10.9%
3. 15.3%
4. 10
5. 10
1
2
1
6. 5
7. 10
8. 1
9. 5
10. 22.2%
11. 4.0%
12. 37.5%
13. 20%
14. 50%
15. 40%
16. 33 13 %

12

1. x = 7; y = 3.5 " 3
2. a = 60; c
3. p = 4 " 3; q = 8; x = 30
4. m1 = 45; m2 = 45;
m3 = 90; m4 = 90
5. m5 = 60; m6 = 30;
m7 = 120
6. m8 = 60; m9 = 30; m10 = 60
7. 12 " 3
8. 36.75 " 3
9. 75 " 3
10. 120 in.2
2
2
11. 137 in.
12. 97 in.

4. 49
5. 14 p
6 p - 21.2
p
8. 16
- 81
9. 4p
15
13. 2 p
14. 6p
18. 3
19. 2

Practice 7-8

4

1. 48 cm2
2. 784 in.2
3. 11.4 ft2
4. 90 m2
2
2
2
5. 2400 in.
6. 374 ft
7. 160 cm
8. 176.25 in.2
2
9. 54 ft
10. 42.5 square units
11. 96 " 3 square units
12. 36 " 3 square units
13. 45 cm2
14. 226.2 in.2
2
15. 49,500 m

Practice 7-6

2. 21.2
3. 49
6p
p
p
1
1
or 4
6. 8
7. 16 p or 16
10. 18
11. 89 p
12. 23 p
5p
63
25
15. 8 p
16. 3 p
17. p2
20. 10
1. 49p

15. a = 4;

16. p = 4 " 3; q = 4 " 3; r = 8; s = 4 " 6

Practice 7-5

Practice 7-7

3. Sample: 9, 16, and 25

4. They are equal.
5. The
sum of the squares of the two legs equals the square of the
6. 4 " 5
7. 7 " 2
8. 8
9. 6
hypotenuse.

Answers

39

25p ft2 2 2 11. a + b. " 4 or 2 4. Sample: apothem = 2. Sample: diagonals = 4 cm and 9 cm 8. 4p in. 90. c 11. 324p cm 12.(mAPS + mPSA) = 180 . They are approximately equal. Sample: bases = 6 cm and 10 cm. Sample: Reteaching 7-7 1. Sample: 48 cm2 4. Sample: 3. QRS.4 cm 7. 6. CPCTC 7. Inc. 13. 98.Chapter 7 Answers (continued) 2.5 and 7 5. 200 ft 8. 14 cm 14. Sample: 3p 2 cm  5. c.2 2 2 2 7. 8 m Reteaching 7-6 1.–2. 10p 9. g = 9. 3. Little John’s string length is 4 " 5 + 2 " 2 or  11. side = 5 4. Enrichment 7-3 1. 100 in. Sample: They are approximately equal. " 3 3. Sample: 1. 6.90 = 90 8.–2. They are approximately 4. Sample: 50. Check students’ work. v = 12 Reteaching 7-4 4 cm 3. and RSP are 9. yes 5. 615 cm2 1. (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 right angles. 7. Sample: 18 cm2 10. 6. 5p 10. 64p in. Repeat steps similar to those in Exercises 4–7 to show that PQR. Sample: 50 cm2 4. Sample: 1.2 Reteaching 7-5 1. 6. Sample: radius apothem 3. Sample: 3. Sample: 135° 3. acute angles of a right triangle are complementary.  21% 3. 9. u = 6 " 3. 2 10. Check students’ work. By subtracting 2ab from both sides. They are congruent. the angles must be shown to be legs a and b. Sample: 3.5. 2 6 Reteaching 7-3 1. 72 cm 9.3 cm2 5. e = 4 3 8"3 8. 7. 3 3 2 6 15p 12.  43% 6. 5p equal.1 in. "5 Geometry Chapter 7 © Pearson Education. 2. 5. Enrichment 7-2 Friar Tuck is the winner. Sample: 2 cm 4. Check students’ work. 144 ft2 2 2 11. 13. 20. Sample: 4. height = 6 cm 3. 21 ab 12. Check students’ work.7 cm 7. Check students’ work. 20p 11. By using the Pythagorean Theorem. y = 3 3 3 10. Friar Tuck’s string length is 4 " 2 + 2 " 5 or  10. 75 m 12. " 2 40 Answers 2.5. 6. you obtain a2 + b2 = c2 (The Pythagorean Theorem). Check students’ work. SSS 4. f = 4" . d = 2 " 3. 25p 13. Sample: They are approximately equal. a2 + 2ab + b2 = 4(12 ab) + c2 or a2 + 2ab + b2 = 2ab + c2 14. They are approximately equal. 4. a. 5.8 in. 25p ft2 8. Enrichment 7-1 . No. c. 5p 8. 5. The areas of congruent triangles are equal. each segment is the hypotenuse of a right triangle with 2. x = 3 " 3. Sample: The ratio would tend to be close to 21%. 180 right angles.–2. 64p m2 10. Sample: Reteaching 7-8 2.5 and 7 4. b. mSPQ = 180 . radius = 3. All rights reserved. 112 in.2 9.5 cm 6.

8p 6. (continued) Activity 3: Researching Check students’ work.6 cm2 2 5. right 10. obtuse 12. 27.2 2. 8 " 3 15. The altitude 17. 225 in. 4. 21 square units 7. 2 Alternative Assessment.9 ft 1.21 b Answers 41 . 7. Quarter 2. 0.44 square units 25. 7 " 2  9. 2. 2 19. 28 is 6 " 3. 12p 20. Sample: Because one angle of the rhombus measures 120°.2 1. 47 square units 3.(12 hy + 21 hx) = 12 hb 2.14 Check student’s work. 21.5 cm2 2 5. and the area is 32 " 3. p . p 10. acute 12.Chapter 7 Answers 3 1 36 in. 7 " 2 . 4. 5 p 22. Check student’s work.1% Chapter 7 Test. 6.06 or 1 18 2. 36. 20. 8. 96. 3" 4. 4 in.3 cm 4 34 in.4 square units 7. p5 24. 7. 2 " 85 13. obtuse 11. The altitude is 4" 3. 336 square units 8. 7 " 2 15. 9.3% 26. 108 ft 6. 20 square units 19. 7. 14  15 7 1 Activity 1: Modeling 2 1 4 or 5  2 6 13 1 Chapter Project 1 1  5.5 cm 18. 93. 108p m2 Chapter 7 Test. 8 in. Form B 1. acute 11. 63 m2 2. 648 m 6. side where b1 = 0.2. 0. 2. All rights reserved. 35 square units 9. 54 p 23.2 6.2 2. XQ 6 AC .63 or "3 1 1 "3 4. 96 in. 3 14.92 in. p 2. A triangle is a trapezoid with one = 12 h(b1 + b2) = 12 hb2 .5 m2 5.5 square units units ✔ Checkpoint Quiz 2 4. 7.222 cm 14. 73 square Enrichment 7-6 1. 12p in. 4" 2.2 3.5% 26. Sample: Draw an altitude to form a 30°-60°-90° triangle.25 in. 8 14. Form A Enrichment 7-5 1.2 m2 2. Choose an interior point X. Area of BDE = Area ABEC . 9.14 3. C d 3. 25 p square units 6 23.41 Geometry Chapter 7 3.14 3. 1 9. p4 7. 36. 36p 21.Area ABDC = [ 21 h(y + x + b)] . Form C TASK 1: Scoring Guide Sample: a.–5. 192 ft 6. 19.[ 21 h(y + x )] = 12 hy + 21 hx + 12 hb . © Pearson Education. 47.6 ft2 4.8 ft 18. Circle with a radius of 4 in.14 Enrichment 7-8 1. 50 square units 9. 61 in. 480 m2 3. CD 3. 0. Radius (r) Diameter Circumference (d) (C) 1. Draw an altitude forming a 30°-60°-90° triangle.14 p 3. 20 ft2 3. 13. They are approximately equal.3" 4 4 6.6% Enrichment 7-7 3 3 1. 114. 4 8.7 ft2 4. p 24. 11.2. 4. 15. p  3. and the area is 72 " 3.8 cm2 2 2 5. 120 square units 8. 9. 0. 19. 64p 21. " 2 12.9 in. 5. b h h 4. p . 21 11.15 cm 238 in. Inc. 41. 1 1 9 or  3  1 10  11 2 1 1 8 Activity 2: Creating 1 1 Check students’ work. 2 " 41 13. right 10. 16p 20. 17.6 m 5. 4" 3 16. Object 1. construct PX 6 BC. 30. " 52  7. 4" 3. 8 16.26 square units 25.2 10. 1 ✔ Checkpoint Quiz 1 1 1 1. the adjacent angle measures 60°.9 Enrichment 7-4 1. 37. the seams in the finished quilt block account for the difference. 2.4 in. 45 p 22. Hence A 3. 200 ft2 8. " 3 3. 240 m2 3. 144 in. and XR 6 AB.

All rights reserved. 1 Student gives diagrams or explanations that contain major errors or omissions. a and r are nearly equal.5 m2 22. B 12. TASK 2: Scoring Guide Sample: C(2. . 0 Student makes little or no effort. in an equilateral triangle. The area is (2XY)2 = 4 ? "22 2 = 4 24 = 2. b. C 9. Thus. Sample: Y b.Chapter 7 Answers (continued) A parallelogram with base b and height h has the same area as two triangles with base b and height h. The slopes of AB and CD are equal. a circle b. C 14. 2 Student gives generally correct answers and reasoning. A 16. so ABCD is a parallelogram. Sample: a. D 17. "3 5 cm P Answers 20. D 13. so the area of ABCD is 25 square units. 0 Student makes little or no attempt. QXY is a 45°-45°-90° triangle. Thus. The bases of the two triangles are b1 and b2. 3 Student gives accurate explanations accompanied by clear and correct diagrams. For example: A = 21 ap A = 12 rC A = 12 r(2pr) (r  a and p  C) (C = 2pr) = pr2 3 Student gives correct answers to parts a and b and gives an adequate explanation relating the two formulas in part c. 19. Sample: You may have used the branches to climb into the tree. and the heights of both are h. 2 Student gives diagrams and explanations that may contain some minor errors. 61. This contradicts the fact that. Then one angle in the triangle has measure greater than 90. 2 Student gives generally correct explanations. 16p . D 4.24 " 3 21. B 11. 8). If the number of sides is great enough that the polygon becomes indistinguishable from a circle. B 8. and one can be derived from the other. 0 Student makes little or no effort. 2 Student gives correct answers to parts a and b but exhibits difficulty with the logic of part c. although there may be some errors in either the explanations or the diagrams. the area of the parallelogram is: A = 2 (12 bh) = bh. Sample: . c. the two formulas are equivalent. Euclid 1 The perimeter is 6(2AB) = 1 1 2 ap = 2 (1)(4"3) = 5 cm 2 cm ) 1 42 Suppose that an equilateral triangle has an obtuse angle. 12"33 = 4 " 3. 18. Inc. D 2 " 3. 5). Cumulative Review TASK 3: Scoring Guide Q Sample: a. C 6. The slopes of AB and BC are opposite reciprocals. AB = 5 and BC = 5. the measure of each angle is 60. 1 "2 1 ( ( ) X 8 cm () triangle. 3 Student gives correct answers and provides complete and accurate reasoning. p and C are nearly equal. PAB forms a 30°-60°-90° The area is 2. so AB = . 0 Student makes little or no attempt. 1 Student gives inaccurate or incomplete explanations and diagrams. A B Geometry Chapter 7 © Pearson Education. 1 Student gives answers and an explanation that may contain significant errors. so the apothem QY = XY = or "22. D 5. 1 Student gives generally incorrect answers and reasoning. and the slopes of BC and AD are equal. D(-2. so AB # BC. TASK 4: Scoring Guide b2 A trapezoid with bases b1 and b2 and height h has the same area as two triangles. C 15. 1. The perimeter is 4(2XY) = 4 2"22 = 4 " 2 . A 10. the area of the trapezoid is: A = 12 b1h + 21 b2h = 12 h(b1 + b2). b1 h 3 Student gives clear and correct diagrams and explanations. or "33. and ABCD is a rectangle. D 7. B 3.