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Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2015 Oct; 6(4): (B) 1204 - 1209

Research Article

Allied Science

International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences

ISSN
0975-6299

BRYOPHYTE DIVERSITY IN MAMIT DISTRICT, MIZORAM, NORTHEAST INDIA
LALHRIATPUIA* AND RAMACHANDRA LAHA
Department of Botany, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram, India

ABSTRACT
Bryoflora of Mamit District, Mizoram has been assessed for the first time. In the present investigation, a total
of 65 taxa of Bryophytes distributed under 50 genera and 36 families have been recorded. Of these, the
mosses are represented by 37 species of 28 genera and 17 families, while Liverworts are represented by 26
species of 20 genera and 18 families. Hornworts are represented by 2 species of 2 genus and 1 family. The
present study reveals that Bryaceae, Dicranaceae, Frullaniaceae, Meteoriaceae and Polytrichaceae are
dominant families in the study area.
KEYWORDS: Bryoflora, Mamit, Mizoram, Northeast, India.

LALHRIATPUIA
Department of Botany, Mizoram University, Aizawl, Mizoram, India
Email: hrtp696@gmail.com Ph. 8014049622

*Corresponding author

This article can be downloaded from www.ijpbs.net
B - 1204

unbranched diploid sporophytes that remain attached to the maternal gametophyte throughout their life span.75 km sq.13. on the south by Lunglei District and on the east by Kolasib and Aizawl districts. especially water. Mamit district is rich in biodiversity. Bryophyte communities are known for the fact that their species composition and richness is strongly influenced by external factors. Bryophyta (mosses).1209 INTRODUCTION Bryophytes are spore-bearing nonvascular plants and unique among land plants in having relatively large photosynthetic and free living haploid gametophytes. the vegetation of the district are Tropical wet Evergreen Vegetation. The temperature ranges from 9ºC to 24ºC and from 24ºC to 36ºC during winter and summer respectively. Western Himalayas. Bryophytes are the second largest group of plants. based on both morphological and molecular data9. bryophyte diversity of these regions have been explored such as Eastern Himalayas. and Central India12. excellent indicators of climate change. Despite their small size.14. Nilgiri and Palni hills (South India). an attempt has been made for the first time to explore and document the Bryophytes of Mamit district of Mizoram (Figure 1). and as a model system for research.19.16.17.ijpbs. Bryophytes of several regions 18. Bryophytes grow in practically every kind of habitat with the exception of hot springs and oceans.15.000 10 species worldwide .5. India reports total 2489 taxa of bryophytes from India. which provide microhabitats with diverse substrates and moderate luminosity. with about 25. invaluable in the construction of moss gardens. however no study has been carried out on bryophytes of this region. few species plays a ‘key stone’ role in mineral cycling and regulation of microclimate in the forests canopy. commonly grow clumped together in mats or cushions on trees. 678 species in 121 genera of 11 liverworts and 25 species in six genera of hornworts . Tropical Semi-Evergreen Vegetation and Mountain Sub-Tropical Pine Forest. The district is bounded on the north by Hailakandi district of Assam state.20 . comprising 1786 species in 355 genera of mosses. The region falls within the sub-tropical rain forest region. They flourish particularly well in moist and humid forests. and may be submerged in or floating on water. and soil. logs. In India. on the west by North Tripura district of Tripura state and Bangladesh.net B . Figure Map showing location of study area. some species are used in herbal medicine. 6(4): (B) 1204 . According classification the three groups of bryophytes (liverworts. Marchantiophyta (liverworts) and Anthocerotophyta (hornworts). thus 1 it is heteromorphic in their life cycle . mosses and hornworts) are recognized as three phyla.Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2015 Oct. Mamit District. they comprise major components of the biomass and photosynthetic production in forest 8 to the most recent ecosystems . In view of this gap. Bryophytes play a significant role in the ecosystem in a variety of ways such as biological indicator of air pollution. important factors for the establishment of members of this plant 4. rocks.1205 . they provide food and 7 habitat for a host of invertebrates . Therefore. they constitute an important component of tropical rain forests. Mamit district of have been explored recently Mizoram is situated in the western part of Mizoram and occupies an area of 3025. The District receives abundant rainfall with an average annual rainfall of 220 cm. light and 2.6 group .3 temperature which makes them efficient bioindicators . Mizoram This article can be downloaded from www.

28 . 22. the mosses are represented by 37 species of 28 genera and 17 families. Mizoram University.23.24. family. type of bryophyte and habitat along with the substratum type were recorded in the field note-book and also on the packets containing the material. Photographs were made from actual observations in the field as to the species natural habitat. Mizoram during January to December. Date of collection. habitat and altitude of occurrence are given in the table below.net B . School of Life Science.25. flora. 6(4): (B) 1204 . and monographs and publications deposited to Ecology Laboratory. Hornworts are represented by 2 species of 2 genus and 1 family.27. This article can be downloaded from www.Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2015 Oct. The name of species of bryophytes. Mizoram.1206 . RESULTS In the present investigations a total of 65 taxa of Bryophytes distributed under 50 genera and 36 families have been recorded. Department of Botany. while Liverworts are represented by 26 species of 20 genera and 18 families. Of these.26. The collected bryophytes were identified carefully in the laboratory by studying the specimens and consulting various relevant literatures. Tanhril.1209 MATERIALS AND METHODS Samples were collected from different habitats through regular field visit including natural forests. agro-forests. locality. The collected materials were dried at room 21 temperature and stored in paper packets .ijpbs. urban ecosystems and road sides from different localities of Mamit district. 2014.

12. Riccia discolour Lehm. 9. Marchantia subintegraMitt. 53. Anomobryum filiforme ssp. Neckeropsis undulata (Hedw.) Dumort.) Lindb. ex P. 21. Frullania neurota Taylor Frullania retusa Mitt. Racopilum cuspidigerum (Schwägr. Name of the Species Aneura pinguis (L.) Broth. 65. 46. Kop. 3. 56.) Reichardt Octoblepharum albidum Hedw. 17. & Lindenb. Barbula convoluta Hedw. 33. 27. 34.) A. 40. Pallavicinia lyellii (Hook.F. Metzgeria conjugata Lindb. Hyophila involuta (Hook.) P. Thuidium cymbifolium (Dozy & Molk. 8.Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2015 Oct. 1. 64. 57. Trematodon longicollis Michx. 47. 24. Hal. Plagiomnium ellipticum (Brid. 10. Riccia fluitans L.) Grolle. Dumortiera hirsuta (Sw.) Wilson Marchantia paleacea Bertol. 15. 18.Fleisch. 19.) Corda Phaeoceros laevis (L. Homalothecium sericeum (Hedw. 59. ex With. 45. Leucobryum candidum (Brid.) Stephani Lejeunea flava(Sw. ex Harv.) Schimp.Jaeger Pellia epiphylla (L. Frullania tamarisci (L. 52. Beauv. Calypogeia arguta Nees & Mont. 25.) P. 60. Family Aneuraceae Bryaceae Anthocerotaceae Aytoniaceae Polytrichaceae Bartramiaceae Pottiaceae Bryaceae Bryaceae Bryaceae Bryaceae Bryaceae Calypogeiaceae Dicranaceae Dicranaceae Cephaloziaceae Cyathodiaceae Dicranaceae Dumortieraceae Erpodiaceae Brachytheciaceae Fissidentaceae Fissidentaceae Frullaniaceae Frullaniaceae Frullaniaceae Frullaniaceae Frullaniaceae Funariaceae Brachytheciaceae Pottiaceae Jungermanniaceae Lejeuneaceae Dicranaceae Dicranaceae Marchantiaceae Marchantiaceae Meteorioceae Meteorioceae Metzgeriaceeae Neckeraceae Octoblepharaceae Pallaviciniaceae Meteoriaceae Pelliaceae Anthocerotaceae Bartramiaceae Funariaceae Aytoniaceae Plagiochilaceae Mniaceae Polytrichaceae Polytrichaceae Porellaceae Lejeuneaceae Racopilaceae Radulaceae Bryaceae Ricciaceae Ricciaceae Stereophyllaceae Targionioceae Thuidiaceae Thuidiaceae Bruchiaceae This article can be downloaded from www.) Ångström. Fleisch. 7. 54. Richards Fissidens polypodioides Hedw. 4. 35. & Lindenb. Stereophyllum anceps (Bosch & Sande Lac. Physcomitrium sphaericum (C.1209 Table List of the Bryophytes species with family. 58. 49.) Dumort. 22. 31. 30. ex Nees Campylopus pilifer Brid. Brachymenium sikkimense Renauld & Cardot Bryum alpinum Huds. 29. Radula complanata (L. 36. Pogonatum contortum (Menzies ex Brid. 26. Rhodobryum giganteum (Schwägr. 55. Dicranum flagellare Hedw. Atrichum undulatum (Hedw.) M.) Nees Leucobryum crispum Müll. Mizoram Sl.1207 Habitat Rock Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Rock Soil Rock Soil Rock Rock Soil Soil Soil Soil Rock Soil Rock Tree bark Rock Soil Rock Tree bark Tree bark Tree bark Tree bark Tree bark Soil Tree bark Rock Soil Tree bark Soil Soil Soil Soil Tree bark Tree bark Rock Tree bark Tree bark Soil Tree bark Rock Soil Soil Soil Rock Tree bark Soil Soil Soil Tree bark Tree bark Tree bark Tree bark Soil Soil Submerged Soil Rock Soil Soil Soil Altitude 450m 1600m 930m 1670m 1670m 1380m 1200m 1250m 450m 1450m 930m 440m 980m 1000m 1620m 1500m 1100m 1500m 390m 1130m 1300m 1150m 990m 1000m 800m 800m 750m 1100m 1450m 1200m 430m 1300m 1100m 1010m 1400m 950m 1050m 1060m 1100m 700m 750m 400m 880m 1500m 1400m 950m 950m 1120m 910m 1450m 420m 780m 650m 860m 1080m 1550m 560m 1590m 1300m 950m 1120m 890m 1500m 1350m 750m .concinnatum (Spruc. Asterella khasyana (Griff.) Paris. 63. Ptychanthus striatus (Lehm. 37. 2. Meteoriopsis squarrosa (Hook. 5. habitat and altitude of occurrence in Mamit District. et Lindenb.) Lesq.Hal. 23.) Dumort.) Amann Anthoceros erectus Kashyap. Bryum apiculatumSchwägr. 48. Philonotis fontana (Hedwig) Bridel. 62.) P. Frullania ericoides (Nees) Mont. 38. Porella campylophylla (Lehm.ijpbs. Muell. 42.No. Ludw. 6.) Schimp.) Dumort. Jaeger Jungermania infusca (Mitt.W. Erpodium mangiferae C. 43. Bryum argenteum Hedw.net B . 41.) Nee.) Gray. 50. Eurhynchium riparioides (Hedw. Bartramia subpellucida Mitt. Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. 11.Beauv.) Fürnr. Hal. 6(4): (B) 1204 . 20.) Nees). Plagiochila spinulosa (Dicks.) T. Pogonatum aloides (Hedw. 13. 16. 28. Campylopus introflexus (Hedw. Papillaria leuconeura (Müll.) Dozy & Molk.) Trevis. Targionia hypophylla L.) Brid. Thuidium delicatulum (Hedw. Plagiochasma appendiculatum Lehm. 14.) M. 44. 51. Bryum coronatum Schwägr. & Lindenb.) Prosk. 32. Meteoriopsis reclinata (Müll. Cephalozia connivens (Dicks. 61. Cyathodium cavernarum Kunze.) A. Beauv. Frullania acutiloba Mitt. 39. Fissidens nobilis Griff.

2 hornworts and 37 mosses under 36 families and 50 genera are reported here for the first time from Mamit district of Mizoram. Currently the critical habitat of the bryophytes is under threat against the ongoing anthropogenic activities like construction of roads and This article can be downloaded from www.net B .1208 . The present study reveals that Bryaceae.ijpbs. Dicranaceae. So. the area is still underexplored and the present study is the first ever preliminary attempt to bridge the gap. All the species reported here are new distributional records of occurrence for the State. the study may serve as valuable contribution to the knowledge of the bryoflora of India.Int J Pharm Bio Sci 2015 Oct. moist places of the plains or slope of hills in the study area. It has been observed from the study that Mamit district harbours rich bryodiversity and the reported taxa are adapted to a wide range of habitats preferring shady. 6(4): (B) 1204 . Frullaniaceae. However. Northeast India. CONCLUSION The present study indicates that Mamit district is rich in bryophytes.1209 Figure 1 Bryophytes DISCUSSION A total of 65 Species of bryophytes including 26 liverworts. Meteorioceae and Polytrichaceae are dominant families in the study area.

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