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BioLab3
Brain and Special Senses
Lab Report
Student Name:
I. Central Nervous System
EXERCISE 1 Human brain
Identify indicated structures and functions of the brain model.
Structure
A.

convolutions

B.

corpus callosum

C.

thalamus

D.

hypothalamus

E.

frontal lobe

F.

pituitary gland

G.

temporal lobe

H.

pons

I.

medulla oblongata

J.

parietal lobe

K.

cerebrum

L.
M.

cerebral peduncle
corpora
quadrigemina

N.

occipital lobe

O.

cerebellum

Function

Access Learning Systems

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Identify each structure and indicate which division to which it belongs
Structure
A.

convolutions

B.

corpus callosum
Structure
thalamus

C.
A.
D.

hypothalamus

B.
E.
C.
F.

frontal lobe

D.
G.
E.
H.

temporal lobe

F.
I.
G.
J.

medulla oblongata

H.
K.
I.
L.

cerebrum

J.
M.
K.
N.
L.
O.
M.

pituitary gland

pons

parietal lobe

occipital lobe
corpora
quadrigemina
cerebral peduncle
cerebellum

N.
II.

Special Senses

EXERCISE 2 Human eye


Label the parts of the eye.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.

Forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain


Identify indicated
structures of the fetal
pig brain.

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L.
Record the distance of your blind spot in each eye.
Eye

Distance (cm)

Right
Left

What structure in responsible for the blind spot?

Why are you not aware that you have a blind spot in each eye?

EXERCISE 3 Near Point Determination


Record the distance of your near point in each eye.
Eye

Distance (cm)

Right
Left

EXERCISE 4 Visual acuity


Record the distance of your visual acuity in each eye.
Eye

Last line you can read

Right
Left
EXERCISE 5 Test for astigmatism
Record your results of your astigmatism test in each eye.
Eye

Is astigmatism present?

Right
Left
EXERCISE 6 Color blindness test
Record your results of your color blindness test plates.
Plate
Number
Were you

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you Saw?

correct?

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Did you have difficulty seeing any of the numbers? If yes, which ones?

EXERCISE 7 Response to light intensity

What happens to the pupil of the right eye?

What happens to the pupil of the left eye?

What does this tell you about the pathways of the nerve impulses?

EXERCISE 8 Binocular vision test

Do you see the same view?

Was it more difficult to insert the pencil into the test tube or glass when one eye was closed?

EXERCISE 9 Human ear


Label the parts of the ear listed in step 1.

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A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.

EXERCISE 10 Tests for conduction and nerve deafness

What is the name of the test being performed on the patient?

What would be normal results for this test?

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EXERCISE 11 Direction of sound

Were you able to hear all three frequencies? If not, which one?

EXERCISE 12 Sound frequency

Record your observation of static equilibrium.

Explain the reason for what you see.

EXERCISE 13 Static equilibrium

Can you detect the new odor immediately?

What conclusion can you draw?

Summary Questions
1. Which part of the brain connects the two cerebral hemispheres?
2. Which part of the brain coordinates movement and helps to maintain posture?
3. Which part of the brain contains reflex centers to control vital functions such as circulation
and respiration?
4. Which structure aids in maintaining static equilibrium?
5. Name the innermost lining of the eye that contains photoreceptors.
6. Name the clear watery fluid found anterior to the lens in the eye that maintains intraocular pressure
and provides nutrients to the lens and cornea.
7. Name the snail-like structure of the inner ear that contains the sensory receptors for hearing.
8. Which part of the brain helps regulate basic functions such as temperature, thirst, hunger, and
water balance?
9. Name the outermost cover of the eye that is composed mainly of white connective tissue.
10. Which structure of the eye controls the size of the pupil?

11. Which receptors are responsible for color vision?


12. Name the general term for the three connective tissue membranes that cover and protect the brain.
13. Which structure has sensory receptors stimulated by rotational or angular movements?
14. Would you recommend glasses for a person who has 20/50 vision? Why?
15. What causes hyperopia? How can it be corrected?
16. What is the advantage of having binocular vision?
17. What is the function of the Eustachian tube?
18. Describe the type of receptor that aids in the sense of smell.