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BACK TITRATIONS

1.

A 50mL volume of 0.10 M nitric acid is mixed with 60 mL of 0.10M calcium hydroxide solution. What
volume of 0.050 M sulfuric acid is required to neutralise the mixture?

2.

A 0.4376g aspirin tablet was heated gently with 50.00 mL of 0.196 M sodium hydroxide solution. The
aspirin reacts according to the equation:
C6H4(OCOCH3)COOH(aq) + 2NaOH(aq)
C6H4(OH)COONa(aq)

aspirin

+ CH3COONa(aq) + H2O(l)

After cooling, the resulting solution was titrated against 0.298 M hydrochloric acid to determine the amount
of unreacted sodium hydroxide. A titre of 18.64 mL was obtained. Calculate:
(a)
the amount, in mol, of sodium hydroxide initially added to the aspirin.
(b)
the amount of hydrochloric acid used.
(c)
the amount of sodium hydroxide in excess after reaction with the aspirin.
(d)
the amount of sodium hydroxide that reacted with the aspirin.
(e)
the amount of aspirin in the tablet.
(f)
the percentage, by mass, of aspirin in the tablet.
3.

Lawn fertiliser contains ammonium ions (NH4+). A 1.234 g sample of lawn fertiliser was dissolved in water
to make a 250.0 mL solution. A 20.00 mL aliquot of this solution was added to a flask containing 20.00 mL
of 0.1022 M sodium hydroxide solution. The flask was heated until the reaction:
NH4+(aq) + OH-(aq)

NH3(aq) + H2O(l)

was complete. Excess sodium hydroxide in the resulting solution was titrated with 0.1132 M hydrochloric
acid, using phenolphthalein as indicator. The end point was reached when 9.97 mL had been added.
Calculate:
(a)
the amount, in mol, of hydrochloric acid used in the titration.
(b)
the amount of sodium hydroxide in excess after reaction with the fertiliser.
(c)
the amount of sodium hydroxide that reacted with the NH4+ ions.
(d)
the amount of NH4+ ions in the 1.234 g fertiliser sample.
(e)
the percentage of mass of nitrogren in the fertiliser, assuming nitrogen is only present as ammonium
ions.
4.

The active ingredient in bathroom mould-killers is the bleaching agent sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI). The
concentration of this chemical is a 20.00 mL sample was determined by adding an acidified solution
containing an excess of I- ions to the sample. This reacted according to the equation:
OCI-(aq) + 2I-(aq) + 2H+(aq)

I2(aq) + CI-(aq) + H2O(l)

The iodine formed by this reaction was titrated using 0.750 M sodium thiosulfate (Na 2S2O3 ) solution.
I2(aq) + 2S2O32-(aq)
end point.

2I-(aq) + SO62-(aq) 25.10mL of the thiosulfate solution was required to reach the

Calculate:
(a)
the amount, in mol, of I2 reacting with the S2O32- ions.
(b)
the amount of NaOCI in the sample.
(c)
the percentage of NaOCI, by mass, in the mould-killer.
[Assume the density of the solution is 1.0g mL-1]

Ref:

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6/315683840.docx 25/04/16

ANSWERS : BACK TITRATIONS


1.

70 ml

2.

(a)

.00980 mol

(b)

.00555 mol

(c)

.00555 mol

(d)

.00425 mol

(e)

.00212 mol

(f)

87.4%

(a)

.00113 mol

(b)

.00113 mol

(c)

.000915 mol

(d)

.0114 mol

(e)

13.0%

(a)

.00941 mol

(b)

.00941 mol

(e)

3.5%

3.

4.

Ref:

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6/315683840.docx 25/04/16