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Numbers

Ordinal numbers
-

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten
eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
eighteen
nineteen
twenty
thirty
thirty-one
thirty-two
thirty-three
thirty-four
thirty-five
thirty-six
thirty-seven
thirty-eight
thirty-nine
forty
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety
a/one hundred
a/one thousand

Cardinal numbers
-

first 1st
second 2nd
third 3rd
fouth 4th
fifth 5th
sixth 5th
seventh 7th
eighth 8th
ninth 9th
tenth 10th
eleventh 11th
twelfth 12th

twentieth 20th
twenty-first 21st
twenty-second 22nd
thirtieth 30th

Countries and nationalities


Country
England
Ireland
Poland
Scotland
Spain
Germany
The United States
Argentina
Brazil
Italy
Russia
China
Japan
France
Thailand

Nationality
English
Irish
Polish
Scottish
Spanish
German
American
Argentinian
Brazilian
Italian
Russian
Chinese
Japanese
French
Thai

Language
English
English / Irish Gaelic
Polish
English
Spanish
German
English
Spanish
Portuguese
Italian
Russian
Chinese
Japanese
French
Thai

Important:
-

(Great) Britain: England, Scotland and Wales


the United Kingdom (the UK): England, Scotland, Wales and Northern
Ireland

Family
-

aunt (tia)
uncle (tio)
brother (hermano)
sister (hermana)
cousin (primo/prima)
nephew (sobrino)
niece (sobrina)
wife (esposa)
husband (esposo)
father (padre)
mother (madre)
grandfather (abuelo)
grandmother (abuela)
grandson(nieto)
granddaughter (nieta)
grandchildren (nietos)
daughter (hija)
son (hijo)
parents (padres)
grandparents (abuelos)
children (hijos)
mother-in-law (suegra)
father-in-law (suegro)

sister-in-law (cuada)
brother-in-law (cuado)

Jobs
-

an actor/actress (actor/actriz)
a builder (constructor, paleta)
a doctor (mdico)
an engineer (ingeniero)
a footballer (futbolista)
a hairdresser (peluquero)
a housewife (ama de casa)
a journalist (periodista)
a lawyer (abogado)
a (bank) manager (director de un banco)
a musician (msico)
a nurse (enfermera)
a pilot (piloto de avin)
a police officer/policeman/policewoman (policia)
a politician (poltico)
a recepcionist (recepcionista)
a secretary (secretario)
a shop assistant (dependienta)
a student (estudiante)
a waiter (camarero)

Times and dates


Time words and expressions
-

every day/week/month/year: cada dia/semana/mes/ao


once a . (una vez a)
twice a . (dos veces a)
three times a . (tres veces a)
four times a . (cuatro veces a)

Special days/seasons
-

Spring: primavera
Summer: verano
Autumn: otoo
Winter: invierno
Easter: Pascua
Christmas: Navidad
New Year: Ao nuevo

Months
-

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

December

Flats and houses


Rooms
-

the bathroom (bao)


the bedroom (habitacin)
o Single room (habitacin individual)
o Double room (habitacin doble)
the dining room (comedor)
the garage (garaje)
the garden (jardn)
the hall (recibidor)
the kitchen (cocina)
the living room (sala de estar)
the study (estudio)
the toilet (bao sin ducha)
the reception (recepcin)

Furniture an decoration
-

an armchair (silln/butaca)
a desk (escritorio)
a fireplace (chimenea)
a lamp (lampara)
a picture (cuadro)
a plant (planta)
a sofa
a bath (baera)
a mirror (espejo)
a shower (ducha)
a bed (cama)
a light (luz)
shelves (estantera)
a clock (reloj de pared)
a cooker (cocina)
a cupboard (despensa)
a fridge (nevera)
carpet (alfombra)
central heating (calefaccin)
floor (suelo)
stairs (escalera)
a wall (pared)
a table (mesa)
a board (pizarra)
a window (ventana)
chairs (sillas)
a door (puerta)
the lift/elevator (ascensor)

Town and city


-

an art gallery
a castle (castillo)

a cinema
a museum
a theatre
a bank
a chemists/pharmacy (farmacia)
a department store (grandes almacenes)
a market (mercado)
a shopping centre
a supermarket
a bridge (puente)
a park
a river
a road (carretera)
a square (plaza)
a street
a bus station
a railway station
a travel agents (agencia de viajes)
a church (iglesia)
a mosque (mesquita)
a hospital
a police station
a post office (Correos)
a school
a sport centre
a town hall (ayuntamiento)

Food
Breakfast
-

bread: pan
butter: mantequilla
cereal: cereales
cheese: queso
coffee: caf
eggs: huevos
jam: mermelada
juice: zumo
milk: leche
sugar: azucar
tea: t
toast: tostada
biscuits: galletas

Lunch
-

fish: pescado
ketchup
meat (steak and chicken): carne (Ternera y pollo)
oil: aceite
rice: arroz
a salad: ensalada

Desserts/snacks
-

cake: pastel
chocolate

crisps: patatas de bolsa


fruit salad: ensalada de frutas
ice cream: helado
sandwiches
sweets: golosinas

Vegetables
-

carrots: zanahorias
chips: patatas fritas
a lettuce: lechuga
mushrooms: championes
an onion: cebolla
peas: guisantes
potatoes: patatas
tomatoes: tomates

Fruits
-

apples: manzana
bananas
grapes: uvas
oranges: naranjas
a pineapple: pia

Clothes
-

a jacket (chaqueta)
jeans (tejanos)
a shirt (camiseta)
shoes (zapatos)
a sweater (sudadera)
trousers (pantalones)

Common objects
-

an adress book (agenda de contactos)


a book (libro)
cigarettes (cigarros)
coins (monedas)
a comb (peine)
a credit card (tarjeta de credito)
a diary (diario)
a dictionary (diccionario)
a file (archivador)
glasses (gafas de ver)
an identity card (tarjeta de identificacin)
keys (llaves)
a lighter (mechero)
a lipstick (lapiz de labio)
a magazine (revista)
matches (cerillas)
a mobile phone (telfono mvil)
a newspaper (peridico)
a pen (bolgrafo)
a pencil (lapiz)
a photo (foto)
a purse (una bolsa)

stamps (estampillas)
sunglasses (gafas de sol)
tissues (cleanex)
an umbrella (paraguas)
a wallet (cartera)
a watch (reloj)

Common verbs
-

buy (comprar)
call (llamar)
come (venir)
cook (cocinar)
dance (bailar)
do (hacer)
draw (dibujar)
drink (beber)
drive (conducir)
eat (comer)
find (encontrar)
give (dar)
go (ir)
have (tener)
hear (oir)
help (ayudar)
like (gustar)
listen (escuchar)
live (vivir)
look for (buscar)
meet (conocer/quedar)
paint (pintar)
play (jugar/tocar instrumento)
read (leer)
ride (montar bici/caballo/)
run (correr)
sing (cantar)
sleep (dormir)
smoke (fumar)
speak (hablar)
study (estudiar)
swim (nadar)
take (coger)
talk (hablar)
tell (contar)
travel (viajar)
turn on/turn off (encender/apagar)
use (usar)
wait for (esperar)
walk (caminar)
watch (mirar)
wear (llevar puesto)
work (trabajar)

Daily routine (expressions): get, go, have,


-

get dressed (vestirse)

get home (llegar a casa)


get to work/restaurant (llegar al trabajo)
get up (levantarse)
get a taxi (coger un taxi)
get a letter/mail (recibir)
get a newspaper (comprar un periodico)
go home (irse a casa)
go shopping (irse de compras)
go to bed (ir a la cama)
go away (irse fuera)
go out (salir)
have a coffee (tomar un caf)
have a shower (ducharse)
have breakfast (desayunar)
have dinner (comer)
have lunch (cenar)
have a good time (pasar un buen momento)
start work (empezar a trabajar)
take the dog for a walk (sacar a pasear al perro)
wake up (despertarse)

Common adjectives
Colours
-

black (negro)
blue (azul)
brown (marrn)
green (verde)
grey (gris)
orange (naranja)
pink (rosa)
red (rojo)
white (blanco)
yellow (amarillo)

Opposite adjectives
-

bad/good
beautiful/ugly
big/small
dangerous/safe
dirty/clean
easy/difficult
empty/full
expensive/cheap
fast/slow
high/low
old/new
rich/poor
wet/dry

Appearance
-

tall/short (alto/bajo)
old/young (viejo/jven)
long/short (hair) (pelo largo/pelo corto)
fat/thin (gordo/delgado)

fair/dark (hair) (rubio/moreno)

Importante: Para establecer niveles de apariencia utilizamos lo siguiente:


-

very + adjective (muy)


quite + adjective (bastante)
not very + adjective (no muy)