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I

I. Choose the most appropriate answer from the choices given below: - (15 Marks)
1. Reciprocating air compressor bearing failure may result from
a) A misaligned crankshaft
b) Over tightened drive belts
c) Contaminated sump oil
d) All of the above
2. Salinity of distillate from fresh water generator is permitted to
a) Below 4 ppm b) 4 to 6 ppm
c) 6 to 8 ppm d) 9 ppm
3. The flow pattern of most practical heat exchangers are
a) Para flow b) Contra flow
c) A mixture of both
4. In an air compressor, Vol. efficiency always refer to.
a) Low pressure piston b) HP piston c) Average of both
5. Drive to the purifier bowl is via a centrifugal clutch arrangement to
a). reduce the start up time. b). to control the liquid flow rate
c). to protect the motor.
6. In the event of main steering gear failure, the aux. steering gear must be capable of bringing to operation
speedily. Aux. Steering be able to put the rudder from 15 on one side to 15 on the other in..
a) 28. secs.
b) 35. secs.
c) 60. secs.
7. Lowering of the life boat is effected by
a) Flame proof electric motor
b) gravity
c) hand cranking
8. In an oil tanker, PV Valves fitted to safeguard the cargo tanks are set to operate at
a). 0.14.0 bar b) 0.2 bar
c) 0.25 bar
9. Follow up gear of an electro hydraulic steering gear
a). Relieves excess fluid pressure b).Takes the pump off strike when the desired rudder angle is attained
c). Synchronizes wheel position with rudder position
10. Air compressor clearance volume is about .of swept volume
a). 0.6%
b). 6% c). 16%
II) State whether the statements are True or False
(15 Marks)
1. It is important that the compressor clearance volume is kept as large as possible in order to improve
overall volumetric efficiency.
True/ False
2. The strength of the Bitter End fixing arrangement for a moderately large vessel will be sufficient to
prevent a run away unbraked chain.
true /false
3. Rotary vane steering gear is a variable torque machine at all angles of helm.
true /false
4. Due to centrifugal forces the wear on the pistons of axial piston type pump can be greater than that for
the radial type pistons.
true /false

5. Each compressor is to be fitted with a safety valve so proportioned and adjusted that the
accumulation with the outlet valve closed will not exceed 10 per cent of the maximum working
pressure.
true /false
6. Purifiers and Clarifiers differ only in that, clarifiers are set up to remove water. true/false
7. Methods used in the steering system where the stand by variable delivery pump is prevented from
motoring a non reverse locking gear
true/false
8. The lignum vita in a stern tube is normally lubricated with L.O.
true/false
9. In case of plate type heat exchangers high turbulence is obtained for fluids with very low Reynolds Nos.
true/false
10. The electro katadyn process involves the use of silver ions into a distilled water product of the low
temperature evaporator.
true/false

ANSWER ANY FIVE


1. Explain with a neat sketch one type of stern tube arrangement?
2. Draw a sketch of low-pressure evaporator.
3. Explain the principle of multi stage air compressor.

4. Explain the working of Hele-Shaw pump.


5. Describe flue gas scrubbing mechanism with neat sketch
6. Describe the working of centrifugal purifier. How is the sludge discharged?
7. With the aid of sketches describe the plate type and shell and tube type heat exchangers. Describe the
expansion arrangement for the tube nest in a shell and tube heat exchanger.

II
1.

With the aid of sketches explain the operation of present day inert gas system on board a tanke
Explain P/V valve system. After tank cleaning why purging is done?

2.

With the aid of sketches explain the functioning of electro-hydraulic steering gear. How
much can be the rudder wear down clearance when new. Why the X- head top clearance is provided. What are
the means provided in the system to relieve shock.

3.

In an air compressor explain volumetric efficiency. Why bumping clearance is provided.


As the working pressure increases, more stages are require with inter cooling due to disadvantages of single
stage compression. What are they?

4.

Give short notes on any 4 of the following


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Semi balanced and fully balanced rudder


Pros and cons of radial piston and axial piston type variable delivery pumps
Effect of the latest oil refining process has on the fuel oil treatment on board.
Multi stage air compressors and its relation to inter cooling
Advantages and disadvantages of variable pitch propellers for marine application
Stock and stockless anchor

5 Answer one of below.


a. With aid of sketches explain the functioning of an oily water separator used on
a sea going ship. What are the safeties incorporated in the system.
b. With aid of simple sketch describe the functioning of a biological sewage treatment plant on board. What are
the precautions to be taken while operating the system and the role of bacteria in the system. To discharge the
treated effluent in territorial waters what are the parameters to be maintained.

6. In an air compressor explain volumetric efficiency. Describe the factors which


affect vol. efficiency. Explain the effect of
(1) dirty air intake filter has on the performance of the air compressor
(2) increase in the compression ratio
7. Give 3 advantages of using variable delivery pump over constant delivery
pump in the steering system. What are the means provided to prevent the
stand by steering pump from motoring. Explain the provisions given to protect
the

rams due to the up and down movement of rudder

State whether the statements are True or False


1. In the air cooler, casing is protected by a bursting disc

TRUE / FALSE

2. In a heat exchanger the thermal resistance of deposit films is normally


metal separating the fluid.

TRUE / FALSE

greater than the resistance of th

3. Drive to the purifier bowl is via a centrifugal clutch arrangement to


reduce the start up time.

TRUE / FALSE

4. Each compressor is to be fitted with a safety valve so proportioned and adjusted that the accumulation with the o
valve closed will not exceed 10 per cent of the maximum working pressure. TRUE / FALSE
5. The largest bore "gravity" disc should be used without overflow for efficient use of the purifier.
TRUE / FALSE
6. Purifiers and Clarifiers differ only in that, clarifiers are set up to remove water
7. Decreasing the specific gravity of the oil will tend to push the interface out

TRUE / FALSE
TRUE / FALSE

8. The free end of the anchor chain is attached to the hull by a quick release mechanism known as the 'bitter end'.
TRUE / FALSE
9. Each vessel shall have two or more air compressors having a total capacity, capable of charging the air
receivers full within 1 hour from atmospheric pressure

TRUE / FALSE

10. A disc stack is incorporated to encourage a laminar flow increasing/improving the separation effect
TRUE / FALSE
Choose the most appropriate answer from the choices given below: -

(15 Marks)

1. For greater efficiency air compression should be


1) Adiabatic
2) Isothermal
3) Constant volume
2.

The rudder is prevented from jumping by rudder stops welded onto the
1). stern frame. 2). tiller. 3). Tail shaft.

3.

When the centrifuge is operated as a separator, the bore of the gravity disk fitted, decides
1) The position of oil/water interface, 2) dirty oil feed rate, 3) feed oil temperature

4.

Why bumping clearance is provided in air compressor to


1) to increase efficiency. 2) to avoid mechanical damage. 3) to protect the drive motor.

5.

Excessive propeller vibration may occur as a result of


1) Operating at low speed 2) High water pressure under the hull
3) Cavitations

6. Purging air from a hydraulic system is necessary when


1)Adding small amount of oil to the system. 2) The system has been overheated
3)The system has been drained and then filled with new oil.
7) In an air compressor drop in volumetric efficiency can be due to
1) dirty filter 2) worn piston ring 3) leaky valves
8)

4) all the above

IMO regulation restrict discharge of water containing oil above


1) 10 ppm

2)15 ppm, 3) 20 ppm

9) Electro Katadyne process involves treatment of water with


1) chlorine

2) silver ions

3) ultra violet rays

10) For low speed vessels the biggest component of propulsive power is used in overcoming
1) frictional resistance

2) wind resistance 3) wave resistance