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Quadrilaterals

1. When two congruent polygons are


2. During a local math Olympiad the team
joined so that two sides are put together
from Bigtown High School was
(one side of each polygon is matched
presented with the following problem to
with one side of the other polygon) to
solve in no more than 2 minutes: "What
create a new larger polygon, how many
is the relationship between the number
sides does the new polygon have?
of vertices of a regular polygon and the
Explain why your rule works. Consider
number of symmetry lines of the
each original polygon to have n sides.
polygon?" They did it! What was their
answer?

3. Can a polygon be equiangular,


4. If a polygon is equiangular, does that
equilateral, and concave all at the same
mean it is a regular polygon? Explain.
time? If so, draw an example?
Otherwise, explain why not.

5. State whether the figure is a polygon. If 6. State whether the figure is a polygon. If
it is, identify the polygon and state
it is, identify the polygon and state
whether it is convex or concave. If it is
whether it is convex or concave. If it is
not, explain why.
not, explain why.

7. Can a slice of pizza be considered a


polygon? Explain.

8. A polygon can be either convex or


concave. Draw an example of each.
Show how the diagonals test or the line
test is used to illustrate the convexity or
concavity or your polygons.

1.

2.
Given: Rectangle WXYZ, M is the

Given:

midpoint of
.
Prove: ZMY is isosceles.

,
Prove: ABCD is a

3.

4.
Given:

ABCD,

Given:
of

Prove:

ABCD, E and F are midpoints


and

Prove: BFDE is a

1. ABCD is a parallelogram with


diagonals intersecting at E. Which is
NOT true?

2. Which of the following is NOT a


property of a parallelogram?
Consecutive angles are
congruent.
Opposite sides are congruent.
Opposite angles are congruent.
Consecutive angles are
supplements.
Opposite sides are parallel.

3.

In ABCD, diagonals
and
intersect at E. If AE=(x + 22), EC=(3x +
26), find the value of x.

4.

In ABCD, angle A is 96 less than


three times of angle B. Find m D.

5. Name the properties of a parallelogram. 6. Name the ways of proving a


quadrilateral is a parallelogram.

7. The coordinates of a parallelogram are 8.


In PQRS, m P=(x + 47) and m
(4, 4), (5, 7), (10, 5), and (x, y) and x >
R=(8x + 75) . Find the value of x.
10. What is the value of x + y?

9. What is the difference between a


parallelogram and a rectangle?

10.

In ABCD, AB=(2x - 9) and CD=(2x + 39). Find AB.

11. ABCD is a parallelogram. AB = 2x,


12. Suppose points A(-4, 2), B(0, 2), C(1,
AD = 4y - 6, BC = 3x. If the perimeter
10), and D(-3, 10) are vertices of a
parallelogram. Find the perimeter of
of ABCD is 180, find the values of
x and y.
ABCD.

13.

In ABCD, AB = 2x + 3, BC = 4y,
CD = 4x - 5, DA = y + 6. What is the
value of xy?

14.
In DEFG, the measure of D
exceeds the measure of E by 30 .
Find the measure of D.

1. ABCD is a rhombus. If AB=(9x - 387), 2. In rectangle ABCD, AB=15 and BC=6.


CD=(19x - 817), find the value of x.
Find the length of the diagonal.

3. In rhombus RSTW, m RST=58 . Find 4. Find the perimeter of a rhombus with


diagonals 12 and 20.
m SRT.

5. An equilateral quadrilateral must be a


_____.

6. Which of the following has


perpendicular diagonals?

square
rectangle
rhombus
isosceles trapezoid

Parallelogram
Rectangle
Trapezoid
Rhombus

7. In rectangle ABCD, AB=(x - 5y + 94), 8. In rectangle ABCD, two consecutive


BC=(3x + 2y - 82), CD=(4x - 6y + 55),
sides and the diagonal are all
and DA=(5x + 4y - 164). Find the
consecutive integers. Find the area of
perimeter of the rectangle.
the rectangle.

9. Which of the following has the


properties of all the others?

10. Which of the following is NOT true?


A rectangle is a parallelogram.
A rectangle is a rhombus.
A square is a rectangle.
A square is a rhombus.

Rhombus
Rectangle
Square
Parallelogram

11. The perimeter of rhombus RSTU is 64 12. ABCD is a rectangle with diagonals
and the diagonal RT = 12. What is the
intersecting at E. Given that AB = 8
area of the rhombus?
and BC = 5, find the length of
.

13.

In rectangle ABCD, diagonals

and

intersect at E. If AE=(3x - 6y +
37), EC=(6x + y - 10), and BD=(3x 3y + 41), find the length of

14.

In rectangle ABCD, diagonals

and

intersect at E. If AE=(11x - 18)


and CE=(2x + 45), find the length of
BD.

1. What is the difference between a


parallelogram and a rectangle?

2. Name the properties of a rectangle.

3. Name the properties of a parallelogram. 4. In rhombus ABCD, AB=(6x - 30) and


BC=(2x + 30). Find the perimeter.

5. In rhombus RSTW, m RST=60 . Find 6. If a polygon is equiangular, does that


mean it is a regular polygon? Explain.
m SRT.

7. Which of the following is NOT a


property of a rectangle?
Diagonals bisect its angles.
All angles are right angles.
Diagonals bisect each other.
Opposite sides are congruent.

8. A polygon can be either convex or


concave. Draw an example of each.
Show how the diagonals test or the line
test is used to illustrate the convexity or
concavity or your polygons.

9. Would it make sense to call a


quadrilateral an n-gon? Explain.

10.

11. Which of the following is NOT a


property of a parallelogram?

12. During a local math Olympiad the


team from Bigtown High School was
presented with the following problem
to solve in no more than 2 minutes:
"What is the relationship between the
number of vertices of a regular
polygon and the number of symmetry
lines of the polygon?" They did it!
What was their answer?

Opposite sides are congruent.


Opposite angles are congruent.
Opposite sides are parallel.
Consecutive angles are
congruent.
Consecutive angles are
supplements.
13.

In RSTW, the diagonals intersect at


A. If SA=(3x - 4) and AW=(7x - 40),
find SW.

In ABCD, m B = 1/2m A + 39 .
Find m A + m C.

14. The coordinates of a parallelogram are


(4, 0), (6, 3), (11, 1), and (x, y) and x >
11. What is the value of x + y?