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**The joists of a floor in a warehouse are to be selected using square timber beams made of oak. If each
**

beam is to be designed to carry 1.5 kN/m over a simply supported span of 7.5 m, determine the

dimension a of its square cross section to the nearest multiples of 5mm. The allowable bending stress

is σallow = 32 MPa and the allowable shear stress is τallow = 0.875 MPa.

σ allow := 32MPa

Given:

L := 7.5m

τ allow := 0.875MPa

w := 1.5

Solution:

kN

m

**Support Reactions : By symmetry, RL=RR=R
**

ΣF y=0;

+

2R − w⋅ L = 0

R := 0.5w⋅ L

**Maximum Moment and Shear:
**

Vmax := R

Vmax = 5.63 kN

Mmax := R⋅ ( 0.5L) − w⋅ ( 0.5L) ⋅ ( 0.25L )

Mmax = 10.55 kN⋅ m

4

a

I=

12

Section Property :

Bending Stress:

σ max =

M⋅ cmax

I

Qmax = ( 0.5a⋅ a) ⋅ 0.25 a

cmax = 0.5a

12Mmax⋅ ( 0.5a)

σ allow =

4

a

3

a :=

6Mmax

σ allow

a = 125.52 mm

(Use 130mm)

Ans

4

Shear Stress :

τ max :=

a

I :=

12

Qmax := ( 0.5a⋅ a) ⋅ 0.25 a

Vmax⋅ Qmax

I⋅ a

**τ max = 0.536 MPa
**

< τ allow =0.875 MPa

V( x )

0

V ( x) := ( R − w⋅ x) ⋅

2

4

6

1

kN

M ( x) := [ R⋅ x − w⋅ x⋅ ( 0.5x) ]

Moment (kN-m)

Shear (kN)

x := 0 , 0.01 ⋅ L .. L

(O.K.!)

10

M( x)

5

0

x

Distance (m)

1

kN⋅ m

2

4

x

Distance m)

6

Given: σ allow := 168MPa L1 := 2m τ allow := 105MPa L2 := 2m P := 40kN h := 150mm L := L1 + L2 Support Reactions : Given Solution: + ΣFy=0.!) Ans .K.Problem 11-12 Determine the minimum width of the beam to the nearest multiples of 5mm that will safely support the loading of P = 40 kN. The allowable bending stress is σallow = 168 MPa.5h Section Property : Sx = b⋅ h 6 2 Qmax = ( 0. and the allowable shear stress is τallow = 105 MPa. A⋅ L 1 − P⋅ L = 0 (2) Guess A := 1kN Solving Eqs.98 mm (Use 130mm) 3 Check Shear : τ max := I := b⋅ h 12 Vmax⋅ Qmax I⋅ b Qmax := ( 0. A+B−P= 0 (1) ΣΜB=0. (1) and (2): ⎛A⎞ := Find ( A . 2 Mmax b⋅ h = 6 σ allow Mmax σ allow b := 6Mmax (h2)σallow b = 126. B) ⎜ ⎝B⎠ B := 1kN ⎛ A ⎞ ⎛ 80 ⎞ =⎜ kN ⎜ ⎝ B ⎠ ⎝ −40 ⎠ Maximum Moment and Shear: Vmax := P Mmax := P⋅ L1 Vmax = 40 kN Mmax = 80 kN⋅ m 3 b⋅ h I= 12 I Sx = 0.5h⋅ b) ⋅ 0.150 MPa < τ allow =105 MPa (O.5h⋅ b) ⋅ 0.25 h Bending Stress: Sreq'd = Assume bending controls the design.25 h τ max = 3.

1. 0. L1 1 V1 x1 := ( −P) ⋅ kN x2 := L 1 .01 ⋅ L1 . x2 Distane (m) 4 .. x2 Distance (m) 4 ( ) M2(x2) M1 x1 50 100 0 2 x1 . L ( ) ( ) ( ( ) 1 V2 x2 := ( −P + A) ⋅ kN ) 1 M1 x1 := −P⋅ x1 ⋅ kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) 1 M2 x2 := ⎡−P⋅ x2 + A⋅ x2 − L 1 ⎤ ⋅ ⎣ ⎦ kN⋅ m 0 ( ) V2 ( x 2 ) Moment (kN-m) Shear (kN) 50 V1 x 1 0 50 0 2 x1 ..x1 := 0 .01 ⋅ L 1 .

947 MPa < τ allow =90 MPa ) ) I σ allow a⋅ h − yc (O.K.22 mm 1 3 2 ⎡1 3 2⎤ ⋅ bf⋅ df + bf⋅ df ⋅ 0. Given: σ allow := 140MPa τ allow := 90MPa bf := 120mm tw := 20mm df := 20mm dw := 150mm L := 2a Solution: h := df + dw Section Property : ⎯ Σ ⋅ yi⋅ Ai yc = Σ ⋅ ( Ai) ( yc := I := a := 2m ) (bf⋅ df)⋅ (0.Problem 11-21 The steel beam has an allowable bending stress σallow = 140 MPa and an allowable shear stress of τallow = 90 MPa.27 mm Support Reactions : By symmetry.5dw + df) (bf⋅ df) + (tw⋅ dw) yc = 57.5df) + (tw⋅ dw)⋅ (0. Rc − P − P = 0 Maximum Load: Mmax = P⋅ a σ allow = Rc = 2P Assume failure due to bending moment. RR= .33 mm ( ) ( ) 3 Qmax := h − yc ⋅ tw⋅ ⎡⎣0. cmax := h − yc Mmax⋅ cmax I σ allow = ( ) P⋅ a⋅ h − yc I P := ( ( P = 9.P + ΣFy=0.!) Ans .5 ⋅ h − yc ⎤⎦ Qmax = 127188.5df − yc + ⎢ ⋅ tw⋅ dw + tw⋅ dw ⋅ 0. Determine the maximum load that can safely be supported.52 kN Check Shear : τ max := Vmax := P Vmax⋅ Qmax I ⋅ tw Rc := 2P τ max = 3.5dw + df − yc ⎥ 12 12 ⎣ ⎦ ( )( ) ( )( ) 4 I = 15338333.

1. L ( ) ( ) ( ( ) ( ) 1 V2 x2 := −P + Rc ⋅ kN ) 1 M1 x1 := −P⋅ x1 ⋅ kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) 1 M2 x2 := ⎡−P⋅ x2 + Rc⋅ x2 − a ⎤ ⋅ ⎣ ⎦ kN⋅ m 0 ( ) V2 ( x 2 ) Moment (kN-m) Shear (kN) 10 V1 x 1 0 10 0 2 x1 . x2 Distane (m) 4 . x2 Distance (m) 4 ( ) M2(x2) M 1 x 1 10 20 0 2 x1 ..x1 := 0 . 0.01 ⋅ a .. a 1 V1 x1 := ( −P) ⋅ kN x2 := a .01 ⋅ a .

250 kN⋅ m Maximum Distortion Energy Theory : Applying Eq. where My := Dz⋅ a Mz := Dy⋅ a M := 2 2 My + Mz T := T BC T = 0. Az⋅ ( 3a) − PB⋅ ( 2a) = 0 (2) Solving Eqs.5 σ x' + σ y' + where ⎡⎣0.6667 kN In x-y plane : ΣF y=0. Az + DZ − PB = 0 (1) ΣΜD=0.5( σ x' + σ y')⎤⎦ + τ x'y' 2 σ x' = M⋅ c M⋅ c 4M⋅ c = = 4 I π 4 π⋅c ⋅c 4 τ x'y' = 2 ⎡⎣0.118 kN⋅ m 2 2 . Given: a := 300mm r := 50mm PB := 5kN Solution: σ allow := 180MPa PC := 5kN L := 3a Support Reactions : In x-z plane : + ΣF z=0.5⋅ ( σ x' + σ y')⎤⎦ + τ x'y' σ y' := 0 T⋅ c T⋅ c 2T ⋅ c = = 4 J π 4 π⋅c ⋅c 2 M = 1. (1) and (2): 2 Az := PB 3 Az = 3.6667 kN Dy := PC − Ay Dy = 3.Problem 11-39 Solve Prob. 9-5: ( ) σ 2 = 0. (Ay + Dy) − PC = 0 (3) ΣΜD=0.3333 kN Torsion occurs in segment BC : Critical Section : ( ) T BC := PB ⋅ r T BC = 0.3333 kN Dz := PB − Az Dz = 1. 11-38 using the maximum-distortion-energy theory of failure with σallow = 180 MPa. (3) and (4): 1 Ay := PC 3 Ay = 1.250 kN⋅ m Located just to the left of gear C and just to the right of gear B.5 ( σ x' + σ y') − σ 1 = 0. −PC⋅ a + Ay⋅ ( 3a) = 0 (4) Solving Eqs.

05 mm do = 40.09 mm Use do = 41mm Ans .Let a' = 0.5σ x' and b' = 2 Then σ 1 = ( a' + b') (0.5σx') + 3 ⎡⎣ (0.5σx')2 + τ x'y'2⎤⎦ = σallow2 2 2 2 2 σ x' + 3τ x'y' = σ allow 2 2 2 ⎛ 4M⋅ c ⎞ + 3 ⎛ 2T⋅ c ⎞ = σ allow ⎜ 4 ⎜ 4 ⎝ π⋅c ⎠ ⎝ π⋅c ⎠ 6 c := 2 16M + 12T 2 2 2 π ⋅ σ allow do := 2c c = 20.5σx')2 + τ x'y'2 2 2 σ 2 = ( a − 'b') 2 2 2 σ 1⋅ σ 2 = ( a' + b') ⋅ ( a' − b') = a' − b' 2 2 2 2 ( 2 2 2 σ 1 − σ 1⋅ σ 2 + σ 2 = ( a' + b') − a' − b' ) + ( a' − b') 2 = a'2 + 3b'2 2 Hence σ 1 − σ 1⋅ σ 2 + σ 2 = σ allow 2 (0.

0. x2 .4 0. x3 Distance (m) ( ) Mz1 x1 := ( ) −Ay⋅ x1 kN⋅ m ( ) Mz2 x2 := ( ) −Ay⋅ x2 kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) Moment (kN-m) 0 ( ) M z2( x 2 ) M z3( x 3 ) M z1 x 1 0... 1. a x2 := a . x2 . x3 Distance (m) − r ⋅ PB Mx2 x2 := kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) Moment (kN-m) Mx1 x1 := 0 ( ) M x2( x 2 ) M x3( x 3 ) M x1 x 1 ( ) Mx3 x3 := 0 0 0. 1.5 1 0 0..2 0.4 Moment (kN-m) 1 My3 x3 := ⎡⎣Az⋅ x3 − PB⋅ x3 − a ⎤⎦ ⋅ kN⋅ m ( )1 M y2( x 2 ) 0.2 0.x1 := 0 .01 ⋅ ( 2a) .8 x1 .4 x1 .01 ⋅ a .01 ⋅ a .6 0.2 ( ) 1 Mz3 x3 := ⎡⎣−Ay⋅ x3 + PC⋅ x3 − 2a ⎤⎦ ⋅ kN⋅ m 0.6 0.5 M y3( x 3 ) M y1 x 1 0 0 0.6 0.8 .8 x1 . x3 Distance (m) 0. x2 . 3a ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0. 2a Az⋅ x1 My1 x1 := kN⋅ m 1 My2 x2 := ⎡⎣Az⋅ x2 − PB⋅ x2 − a ⎤⎦ ⋅ kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) x3 := 2a .5 0 0.

(1) and (2): ( )( ) 1 Az := P + P2 ⋅ L 2 + L 3 L 1 Az = 1750 N Bz := P1 + P2 − Az Bz = 250 N In x-y plane : ΣF x=0. determine the required diameter of the shaft to the nearest mm. Ax⋅ L − P1 + P2 ⋅ L3 = 0 (4) Solving Eqs. Mx := Bx⋅ L3 Mz := Bz⋅ L3 M := 2 2 Mx + Mz M = 912.41 N⋅ m Maximum Shear Stress Theory : 3 c := 2 π ⋅ τ allow 2 ⋅ M +T 2 do := 2c c = 19.15 mm Use do = 39mm Ans .3m P2 := 750N r := 150mm L 2 := 1. If the bearings at A and B exert only horizontal and vertical forces on the shaft.Problem 11-42 The pulleys attached to the shaft are loaded as shown. Ax + Bx − P1 − P2 = 0 ( (3) )( ) ΣΜB=0. Given: P1 := 1250N L 1 := 0. Az + BZ − P1 − P2 = 0 ( (1) )( ) ΣΜB=0. (3) and (4): ( )( ) 1 Ax := P + P2 ⋅ L 3 L 1 Ax = 500 N Bx := P1 + P2 − Ax Bx = 1500 N ( ) Torsion occurs in segment DC : T := P1 − P2 ⋅ r Critical Section : T = 75 N⋅ m Located just to the left of point C. Az⋅ L − P1 + P2 ⋅ L 2 + L 3 = 0 (2) Solving Eqs. τallow = 84 MPa.6m τ allow := 84MPa L := L 1 + L 2 + L 3 Ps := P1 + P2 Solution: Support Reactions : In y-z plane : + ΣF z=0.07 mm do = 38.5m L 3 := 0. using the maximum-shear-stress theory of failure.

L ( ) 1 Mz2 y2 := ⎡⎣Az⋅ y2 − Ps⋅ y2 − L 1 ⎤⎦ ⋅ N⋅ m ( ) ( ) 1 Mz3 y3 := ⎡⎣Az⋅ y3 − Ps⋅ y3 − L 1 ⎤⎦ ⋅ N⋅ m ( )500 M z2( y 2 ) M z3( y 3 ) Mz (N-m) M z1 y 1 0 0 1 2 y1 .... 1. y3 Distance (m) ( ) ( ) ( ) T My2 y2 := N⋅ m My1 y1 := 0 My3 y3 := 0 My (N-m) 100 ( ) M y2( y 2 ) 50 M y3( y 3 ) M y1 y 1 0 0 ) 1 Mx3 y3 := ⎡⎣Ax⋅ y3 − Ps⋅ y3 − L 1 − L 2 ⎤⎦ ⋅ N⋅ m 1 y1 .01 ⋅ L1 . L 1 ( ) ( ( y2 := L1 . 1. y3 Distance (m) 2 . L1 + L2 ) 1 Mz1 y1 := Az⋅ y1 ⋅ N⋅ m ( ) ) ( ) y3 := L 1 + L 2 . 0. y2 . y3 Distance (m) Ax⋅ y1 Mx1 y1 := N⋅ m Ax⋅ y2 Mx2 y2 := N⋅ m Mx (N-m) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ( )1000 M x2( y 2 ) 500 M x3( y 3 ) M x1 y 1 0 0 1 2 y1 .y1 := 0 .01 ⋅ L 1 + L 2 . y2 . y2 .01 ⋅ L 1 .

35kN ∆PD := 0. PC⋅ cos ( θ ) ⋅ L − L a − PD⋅ cos ( θ ) ⋅ L a − Bx⋅ L = 0 Solving Eqs.060354 kN⋅ m T = 0. If the allowable shear stress for the shaft is τallow = 35 MPa. Bz⋅ ( L) − PC⋅ sin ( θ ) ⋅ L − L a − PD⋅ sin ( θ ) ⋅ La = 0 Solving Eqs.18403 kN Ax = −0.15625 kN L L ⎝ ( ⎠ ) Az := PC + PD ⋅ sin ( θ ) − Bz Az = 0.05413 kN ) Torsion occurs in segment CD : TCD := ∆PC ⋅ rC Critical Section : (2) TCD = 0.10kN ∆PC := 0.Problem 11-45 The shaft is supported on journal bearings that do not offer resistance to axial load.11875 kN Ax + Bx − PC⋅ cos ( θ ) + PD⋅ cos ( θ ) = 0 In x-y plane : ΣFx=0.20kN PC := 0. (1) and (2): La ⎞ ⎛ L − La Bz := ⎜ PC⋅ + PD⋅ sin ( θ ) Bz = 0.015 kN⋅ m Maximum Shear Stress Theory : 3 c := 2 π ⋅ τ allow 2 ⋅ M +T 2 do := 2c c = 10. determine to the nearest millimeter the smallest diameter of the shaft that will support the loading. ( (3) ) ΣΜA=0. where.84 mm Use do = 21mm Ans .42 mm do = 20. (3) and (4): La ⎞ ⎛ L − La Bx := ⎜ PC⋅ − PD⋅ cos ( θ ) L L ⎝ ( ⎠ ) Ax := PC − PD ⋅ cos ( θ ) − Bx ( (4) Bx = 0.15kN L := La + L b + L a Support Reactions : Solution: Az + BZ − PC⋅ sin ( θ ) − PD⋅ sin ( θ ) = 0 ΣFz=0.015 kN⋅ m Located just to the left of gear C. Use the maximum-shear-stress theory of failure. Mx := Bz⋅ La Mz := Bx⋅ La M := 2 2 Mx + Mz T := TCD M = 0. In y-z plane : + ( (1) ) ΣΜA=0. Given: La := 250mm rD := 150mm Lb := 500mm τ allow := 35MPa rC := 100mm θ := 30deg PD := 0.

01 ⋅ La . 0.2 0.01 ⋅ La .6 0. y2 .2 0.01 ⋅ L a + Lb .04 0 0 0.8 y1 .6 0.02 M x3( y 3 ) M x1 y 1 0.4 0. L a Az⋅ y1 Mx1 y1 := kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) ) ( y2 := L a .( y1 := 0 ..05 M z1 y 1 0 0 0. La + L b ( ) ) ( ) y3 := La + L b . y3 Distance (m) ( ) ( ) Moment (kN-m) ( ) M y2( y 2 ) M y3( y 3 ) ( ) T My2 y2 := kN⋅ m My1 y1 := 0 My3 y3 := 0 M y1 y 1 0.8 y1 . y2 .4 0.02 0 0 0. y3 Distance (m) ( ) Ax⋅ y1 Mz1 y1 := kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 Mz2 y2 := ⎡⎣Ax⋅ y2 + PD⋅ cos ( θ ) ⋅ y2 − L a ⎤⎦ kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) ( ) Moment (kN-m) 1 Mz3 y3 := ⎡⎣Ax⋅ y3 + PD⋅ cos ( θ ) ⋅ y3 − L a − PC⋅ cos ( θ ) ⋅ y3 − L a − Lb ⎤⎦ ⋅ kN⋅ m ( ) M z2( y 2 ) M z3( y 3 ) 0. y2 . y3 Distance (m) 0.. 1. 1.6 y1 . L ( ) 1 Mx2 y2 := ⎡⎣Az⋅ y2 − PD⋅ sin ( θ ) ⋅ y2 − La ⎤⎦ kN⋅ m ( ) ( ) ( ) Moment (kN-m) 1 Mx3 y3 := ⎡⎣Az⋅ y3 − PD⋅ sin ( θ ) ⋅ y3 − La − PC⋅ sin ( θ ) ⋅ y3 − L a − Lb ⎤⎦ ⋅ kN⋅ m ( ) M x2( y 2 ) 0.8 ..4 0.2 0.

. EI is constant.Problem 12-03 Determine the equation of the elastic curve for the beam using the x coordinate that is valid for 0 ≤ x < L / 2Specify the slope at A and the beam's maximum deflection.

2 −R ⋅ Ay R − 3Tz 6E⋅ I ( C1 := 0 C2 := 0 Substitute the values of C1 and C 2 into Eq.11 mm Ans (3) . and v=0 at x=0. (1): From Eq. (2): The Elastic Curve : 2 Tz⋅ x Ay⋅ x E⋅ I⋅ v = − 6 2 At x=R. If the dial indicates that a torque of 90 N·m is applied when the bolt is fully tightened. The cross section is square having dimensions of 12 mm by 12 mm. (2). A − P = 0 y y ΣΜB=0. (1) and (2): P := Moment Function : (1) Tz Ay := P L Ay = 200 N P = 200 N Ans M ( x) = Ay⋅ x − Tz 3 b⋅ h I := 12 Slope and Elastic Curve : Section Property : 2 E ⋅ I⋅ d ⋅v 2 = M ( x) dx 2 E ⋅ I⋅ d v 2 = Ay⋅ x − T z dx 2 Ay⋅ x dv E ⋅ I⋅ = − T z⋅ x + C1 2 dx 3 (1) 2 Tz⋅ x Ay⋅ x E⋅ I⋅ v = − + C1⋅ x + C2 6 2 Boundary Conditions : Due to symmetry. E = 200 GPa. determine the force P acting at the handle and the distance s the needle moves along the scale. 3 s := (2) ) 2 ( ) x v= ⋅ Ay x − 3T z 6E ⋅ I s = 9. Assume only the portion AB of the beam distorts. v=-s. dv/dx=0 at x=0.3m T z := 90N⋅ m Solution: Equations of Equilibrium : + ΣF =0. (3). Given: b := 12mm h := 12mm L := 0. 0 = 0 − 0 + C1 0 = 0 − 0 + 0 + C2 From Eq.45m E := 200GPa δ := 75mm R := 0. T z − P⋅ L = 0 (2) Solving Eqs.Problem 12-16 A torque wrench is used to tighten the nut on a bolt. From Eq.

EI is constant. From Eq. From Eq.02 kN⋅ m 6 Ans . (1) and (2): A := − P⋅ h L2 B := −A ( ) M2 ( x2) := B⋅ x2 Moment Function : M1 x1 := P⋅ h Section Property : EI := kN⋅ m A = −0.75 kN B = 0. (4): 2 + C1⋅ ( 0. Given: h := 60mm L 1 := 150mm P := 5kN L 2 := 400mm L := L 1 + L 2 Support Reactions: + ΣF =0. Draw the bending-moment diagram for the shaft and then. (4): B⋅ ( 0. 0 = 0 + 0 + C4 From Eq. (2): P⋅ h⋅ ( 0.Problem 12-17 The shaft is supported at A by a journal bearing that exerts only vertical reactions on the shaft and at B by a thrust bearing that exerts horizontal and vertical reactions on the shaft. Determine the equations of the elastic curve using the coordinates x1 and x2 . A + B = 0 Solution: y (1) ΣΜB=0.75 kN 2 Slope and Elastic Curve : 2 EI⋅ d ⋅ v1 dx1 2 2 ( ) EI⋅ = M1 x1 dx2 2 EI⋅ d v1 dx1 EI⋅ 2 ( ) = M2 x2 2 2 = P⋅ h EI⋅ d v2 dx2 dv1 = ( P⋅ h) ⋅ x1 + C1 dx1 EI⋅ v1 = d ⋅ v2 P⋅ h⋅ x1 (1) EI⋅ 2 dv2 = dx2 2 2 = B⋅ x2 B 2 ⋅ x + C3 2 2 (3) 3 + C1⋅ x1 + C2 (2) EI⋅ v2 = B⋅ x2 6 + C3⋅ x2 + C4 (4) Boundary Conditions : v1=0 at x1=0.4m) + C4 6 B 2 2 C3 := − ⋅ ( 0. P⋅ h + A⋅ L2 = 0 (2) Solving Eqs.15m) + C2 (5) C4 := 0 Ans 3 v2=0 at x2=0. from this diagram. sketch the deflection or elastic curve for the shaft's centerline.4m) 0= + C3⋅ ( 0.4m) C3 = −0.15m) 0= 2 v2=0 at x2=0.15m.4m.

01 ⋅ L1 . 1. L ( ) ( ) 1 M'2 x'2 := ⎡⎣P⋅ h + A⋅ x'2 − L1 ⎤⎦ ⋅ kN⋅ m Moment (kN-m) x'1 := 0 . (1) and (3).00263 kN⋅ m 2 Substitute the values of C1 and C 2 into Eq.4m) B 2 P⋅ h⋅ ( 0.. (2).4m) + C3 − P⋅ h⋅ ( 0. From Eq.15m) C1 = −0.4 x'1 . From Eqs.dv2/dx2 at A (x1=0. (5): The Elastic Curve : v1 = 1 ⎛ P⋅ h 2 ⎞ ⎜ ⋅ x1 + C1⋅ x1 + C2 EI ⎝ 2 ⎠ Ans v2 = 1 ⎛B 3 ⎞ ⎜ ⋅ x2 + C3⋅ x2 + C4 EI ⎝ 6 ⎠ Ans BMD : ( ) x'2 := L1 . and C3 and C 4 into Eq.15m) + C1 = ⋅ ( 0. 0.15m and x2=0.2 M'1 x'1 0 0 0.4 ( ) M'2 ( x'2 )0. L 1 P⋅ h M'1 x'1 := kN⋅ m 0. x'2 Distane (m) .2 0.Continuity Condition: dv1/dx1= .15m) C2 = −0..005 kN⋅ m 2 2 P⋅ h⋅ ( 0.01 ⋅ L 1 . (4).15m) 3 Ans C2 := − − C1⋅ ( 0.4m) + C3 2 B 2 2 Ans C1 := ⋅ ( 0.

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