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Implement Receipts

Overview

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Implement Receipts
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Implement Receipts

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Objectives

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Agenda

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Overview of Receipt Setup

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Receivables Activity Types

Receivables Activity Types


You define Receivables activities according to activity type. An activity type determines
whether the activity uses a distribution set or GL account, where Receivables derives the tax
rate code, and in which windows an activity appears in the list of values.
Receivables provides these activity types:
Adjustment: You use activities of this type in the Adjustments window. You must create
at least one activity of this type.
Bank Error: You use activities of this type in the Receipts window when entering
Miscellaneous transactions. You can use this type of activity to help reconcile bank
statements using Oracle Cash Management.
Claim Investigation: You use activities of this type in the Receipts Applications and
QuickCash windows when placing receipt overpayments, short payments, and invalid
Lockbox transactions into claim investigation. The receivable activity that you use
determines the accounting for these claim investigation applications. This activity type is
for use only with Oracle Trade Management.
Credit Card Chargeback: Use activities of this type in the Receipts Applications window
when recording credit card chargebacks. This activity includes information about the
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General Ledger clearing account used to clear the chargebacks. Receivables credits the
clearing account when you apply a credit card chargeback, and then debits the account
after generating the negative miscellaneous receipt.
Credit Card Refund: You use activities of this type in the Receipts Applications window
when processing refunds to customer credit card accounts. This activity includes
information about the General Ledger clearing account used to clear credit card refunds.
You must create at least one activity of this type to process credit card refunds.
Earned Discount: You use activities of this type in the Adjustments and the Remittance
Banks windows. Use this type of activity to adjust a transaction if payment is received
within the discount period (determined by the transaction payment terms).
Late Charges: You use activities of this type in the System Options window when you
define a late charge policy. You must define a late charge activity if you record late
charges as adjustments against overdue transactions. If you assess penalties in addition to
late charges, then define a separate activity for penalties.
Miscellaneous Cash: You use activities of this type in the Receipts window when entering
Miscellaneous transactions. You must create at least one activity of this type.
Payment Netting: You use activities of this type in the Applications window and in the
QuickCash Multiple Application window when applying a receipt against other open
receipts. You can define multiple receivables activities of this type, but only one Payment
Netting activity can be active at any given time.
Prepayments: Receivables uses activities of this type in the Applications window when
creating prepayment receipts. You can define multiple receivables activities of this type,
but only one prepayment activity can be active at any given time.
Refund: Use activities of this type in the Applications window to process automated noncredit card refunds.
Unearned Discount: You use activities of this type in the Adjustments and the Remittance
Banks windows. Use this type of activity to adjust a transaction if payment is received
after the discount period (determined by the transaction payment terms).
Other Types of Receivables Activities include: Endorsements, Receipt Write-Off, and
Short-Term Debt.

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Receivables Activity Setup

Receivables Activity Setup


Define Receivables Activities to default accounting and tax information to specific Receivables
transaction activities.
The steps are:
Select an operating unit.
Select an Activity Type.
Select a GL Account Source to indicate how Receivables derives the accounts for the
expense or revenue generated by this activity:
- Activity GL Account: Allocate the expense or revenue to the general ledger account
that you specify.
- Distribution Set: Allocate the expense or revenue to the distribution set that you
specify. (Miscellaneous Cash activity type only)
- Revenue on Invoice: Allocate the expense or revenue net of any tax to the revenue
account or accounts specified on the invoice. (Adjustment, Earned Discount, or
Unearned Discount activity types only)

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Tax Rate Code on Invoice: Allocate the net portion using the Expense/Revenue
accounts specified by the tax rate code on the invoice. (Adjustment, Earned
Discount, or Unearned Discount activity types only)
Select a Tax Rate Code Source:
- None: Allocates the entire tax amount according to the specified GL Account
Source. Choose this option if you do not want to separately account for tax..
- Activity: Allocate the tax amount to the Asset or Liability tax accounts specified by
the Receivables Activity.
- Invoice: Distribute the tax amount to the tax accounts specified by the tax rate code
on the invoice. You cannot choose this option if the activity type is Miscellaneous
Cash or Late Charges.
Enter the GL account, distribution set (if applicable), and tax rate code (if applicable).
Complete the remaining setup steps, if applicable.

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Receivables Activity Example

Receivables Activity Example


This example shows how Receivables derives the GL accounts on an Adjustment Receivables
Activity.
You want to adjust an invoice by decreasing the line amount by $120. If the Adjustment
Receivables Activity is set with a Tax Rate Code Source of:
None: Receivables does not calculate tax. The only accounting is specific to the
adjustment.
Invoice: Receivables uses the tax rate code on the original invoice to distribute the tax
amount.

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Receipt Class, Receipt Method, and Bank Account Relationship

Receipt Class, Receipt Method, and Bank Account Relationship


The relationship between receipt class, receipt method, and bank account enables accounting
defaults.
When a receipt is entered:
Receipt method and bank account are specified.
Receivables processes the receipt according to the receipt class that the receipt method is
associated with.
Accounting for the receipt is derived from the bank account of the receipt method.

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Defining Remittance Banks and Bank Accounts

Defining Remittance Banks and Bank Accounts


Define all of the banks and bank accounts that you use to remit payments. You can define
multiple currency bank accounts to accept payments in more than one currency.
You define banks and bank accounts in Oracle Cash Management. See: Create Banks and
Define Bank Branches, Oracle Cash Management User Guide for more information.

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Defining Receipt Classes

Defining Receipt Classes


(N) Receivables > Setup > Receipts > Receipt Classes
Receipt classes determine how Oracle Receivables processes receipts. Specify for each receipt
class:
Creation Method How to create receipts
- Manual: Standard, quick, and lockbox receipts
- Automatic: Automatic and credit card receipts. Oracle Payments processes funds
capture.
- Bills Receivable
- Bills Receivable Remittance
Remittance Method How to derive the remittance account for automatic receipts
- No Remittance: Receipts that are not remitted.
- Standard: Regular remittance.
- Factoring: Short term debt.
- Standard and Factoring: Both types in a batch.
Note: Cash receipts reconciled in Oracle Cash Management must be remitted.
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Clearance Method How to reconcile receipts before posting to GL


- Direct: Clear at time of receipt entry.
- By Automatic Clearing: Clear using the Automatic Clearing program.
- By Matching: Clear receipts manually in Oracle Cash Management.
Receipt Method How to account for receipt entry and receipt application
- A receipt method is tied to a receipt class and takes on the attributes of that receipt
class, including creation method, remittance, and clearing.
- One or more receipt methods are associated with each receipt class.
- A receipt method includes a funds capture method, to identify the way customers
remit payment to you.
- Each receipt method can be associated with one or more remittance bank accounts.
Each bank account determines the GL accounts to use when you enter or apply a
receipt.

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Associating a Bank Account With a Receipt Method

Associating a Bank Account with a Receipt Method


Receivables
(N) Setup > Receipts > Receipt Class > (B) Bank Accounts
Associate bank account information with each receipt class and receipt method combination.
You can assign more than one remittance bank to each receipt class and receipt method
combination.
Specify the bank name, branch, account, and currency for your remittance bank using the
list of values.

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Defining Receipt Sources

Defining Receipt Sources


Receivables
(N) Setup > Receipts > Sources
Define a receipt source to determine:
Creation method (automatic or manual)
Batch numbering
Default receipt class, receipt method, and bank account
Set the AR: Receipt Batch Source profile option in order to define default receipt sources either
by user, responsibility, application, or site.

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Defining AutoCash Rules

Defining AutoCash Rules


Receivables
(N) Setup > Receipts > AutoCash Rules
AutoCash Rule Sets determine how a QuickCash receipt is applied to open debit items.
Specify whether earned or unearned discounts will be calculated for receipt applications.
Enable late charges or disputed items to be included in the open balance calculation.
Specify whether any remaining remittance amounts from partial payment applications
will be saved as unapplied or on account.
Enter a sequence to specify the order in which to automatically apply receipts for this set.
Enter one or more rules for receipt application from the AutoCash Rule options.
- Apply Oldest Invoice First: Matches receipts to customer debit items, starting with
the oldest outstanding debit item. Receivables determines the oldest debit item
using the Open Balance Calculations values for the AutoCash rule set.
- Clear Account: Applies receipts to the customers calculated account balance when
the balance exactly matches the receipt amount.

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Clear Past Due Invoices: Closes all past due debit and credit items when the
calculated past due balance exactly matches the receipt amount.
Clear Past Due Invoices Grouped by Payment Terms: Groups past due invoices by
their payment term, and then uses the oldest transaction due date within the group
as the group due date.
Match Payment With Invoice: Applies receipts to a single invoice, debit memo, or
chargeback when the remaining amount due matches the receipt amount.

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Defining Application Rule Sets

Defining Application Rule Sets


Application Rule Sets define how to apply partial payments to open invoice items and how
discounts affect open balances.
Receivables provides the following standard application rules:
- Line First - Tax After
- Line First - Tax Prorate
- Prorate All
You can also define your own application rules.
Application Rule Sets can be defined for each transaction type, or at the system level.

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Setting Up Cross Currency Receipts

Setting Up Cross Currency Receipts


If your organization needs to apply receipts to transactions in different currencies, set up
Receivables for cross currency receipts.
To set up cross-currency receipts:
Define a cross currency rounding account Receivables uses this account to record any
rounding error amounts created during a cross currency receipt application for currencies
that have a fixed rate relationship.
Define a suspense account General Ledger uses this account to balance the posting of
multi-currency journal entries that result from applying cross-currency receipts.
Set the Journals: Display Inverse Rate profile option Set this profile option to determine
how General Ledger displays conversion rates in the Exchange Rate window.

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System Options for Receipt Accounting

System Options for Receipt Accounting


Receivables
(N) Setup > System > System Options > (T) Accounting
The Accounting tabbed region of the System Options window is used to specify accounting
flexfields for recording receipt activity. These include:
Realized Gains Account: To record gains on foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations
between the time the transaction is entered and the time the receipt is applied.
Realized Loss Account: To record losses on foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations
between the time the transaction is entered and the time the receipt is applied.
Unallocated Revenue Account: To record unallocated revenue when you apply a cash
receipt with a balance other than zero to an invoice with a zero balance.
Cross Currency Rounding Account: To record any rounding error amounts created during
a cross currency receipt application for currencies that have a fixed rate relationship.

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Miscellaneous System Options Relating to Receipts

Miscellaneous System Options Relating to Receipts


Receivables
(N) Setup > System > System Options > (T) Miscellaneous
Discount Basis: Basis used when calculating discounts on invoices. Receivables uses this
value as the default Discount Basis in the Payment Terms window. Choose one of the
following discount methods:
Invoice Amount: To calculate the discount amount based on the sum of the tax, freight
charges, and line amounts of your invoices.
Lines Only: To calculate the discount amount based on only the line amounts of your
invoices.
Lines, Freight Items and Tax: To calculate the discount amount based on the amount of
line items, freight, and tax of your invoices, but not freight and charges at the invoice
header level.
Lines and Tax, not Freight Items and Tax: Choose this option to calculate the discount
amount based on the line items and their tax amounts, but not the freight items and their
tax lines, of your invoices.

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AutoCash Rule Set (optional): Used when entering a receipt for a customer whose profile
class has not been assigned an AutoCash Rule Set. The AutoCash Rule set and the Discount
Grace Days specified in a customers credit profile determine the sequence of AutoCash Rules
that Receivables uses when Post QuickCash is run to automatically apply receipts to this
customers open debit items.
Allow Unearned Discounts: Enable this option to allow unearned discounts. Unearned
discounts are discounts a customer takes after the discount period passes. You define discount
periods when defining your payment terms.
Discount on Partial Payment: Enable this option to allow discounts to be taken for partial
payments. If this option is enabled, you can still choose not to allow discounts on partial
payments at the transaction level when defining Payment Terms.
Require Billing Location: Enable this option to require that a bill-to location be associated
with a cash receipt. If this option is enabled, the Post QuickCash program does not create
receipts that do not have billing locations. If you enable this option, you should also enable the
Require Billing Location option when defining your Lockboxes; otherwise, Receivables
displays an error when you submit AutoLockbox.
Invoices per Commit: Enter the number of invoices you want the Automatic Receipt program
to process before saving.
Receipts per Commit: Enter the number of receipts you want the Automatic Receipt program
to process before saving.
Suggestion: Set the Receipts per Commit option to a large number to avoid intermediate saves
in the program. You should use numbers that are large enough to handle your largest automatic
receipt batches. To help determine the numbers to use, look at the end of the log file for your
largest Automatic Receipt Creation Batch; this gives you the number of receipts marked for
this batch. Enter this number in the Receipts per Commit field. You should only reduce the
number if you run out of rollback segments.
Chargeback Due Date: The default due date to use when creating a chargeback:
Current Date: The system date.
Deposit Date: The receipt deposit date.
Open Invoice Due Date: The due date of the invoice or debit memo.
Receipt Date: The date that the receipt was entered.
Application Rule Set: Determines the default payment steps when you use the Applications
window or Post QuickCash to apply receipts. Receivables uses this rule set if none is assigned
to the debit items transaction type.
Note: If you are using Oracle Trade Management, then use the Claims tabbed region of the
System Options window to indicate how to evaluate, during Lockbox and Post QuickCash
processing, your customers remittances for claim creation. See: Claims System Options,
Oracle Receivables Implementation Guide for more information.

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Profile Options

Profile Options
System Administrator
(N) Profile > System
AR: Allow Overapplication in Lockbox: Controls how AutoLockbox handles receipts
when the payment amount is greater than the balance due on a transaction.
AR: Always Default Transaction Balance for Applications: Determines the default
amount applied value that displays in the Applications window. The default value
includes discount amounts, where applicable.
- If you set the profile option to Yes, then the default amount applied is the remaining
transaction amount.
- If you set the profile option to No, or if a null value exists, then the defaulting rule
is:
1. If the unapplied receipt amount is greater than or equal to the transaction, then the
default amount applied is the remaining transaction amount.
2. If the unapplied receipt amount is less than the remaining transaction amount, then
the default amount applied is the unapplied receipt amount.
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3. If the unapplied receipt amount is negative, then the default amount applied is the
remaining transaction amount (to prevent the negative unapplied amount from
increasing).
AR: Application GL Date Default: Determines how Receivables determines the default
GL date when you apply receipts.
AR: Cash - Allow Actions: Determines whether you can create adjustments and
chargebacks when applying receipts in the Applications window.
AR: Commit Between Validations in Lockbox: Determines whether the AutoLockbox
program will commit (save) after validating each record in a Lockbox transmission.
AR: Create Bank Charges: Determines whether users can create bank charges when
entering receipts in Receivables.
AR: Include Receipts at Risk in Customer Balance: Controls whether Receivables
displays items at risk and includes them when calculating account balances in the
Account Details window.
AR: Invoices with Unconfirmed Receipts: Select whether to adjust or credit invoices
selected for automatic receipt.
AR: Receipt Batch Source: Enter the default receipt source for the Batch field in the
Receipts window and Receipt Batches window.

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Agenda

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Implementation Considerations for Receipts

Implementation Considerations for Receipts


Set up GL accounts before setting up bank accounts in Cash Management.
Decide whether you want a different GL account for each status of cash or only one cash
account.
Set up receipt information so that the setup data can default.
Set the AR: Receipt Batch Source profile option so that users do not have to enter
payment information at the batch level.

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Other Implementation Considerations for Receipts

Other Implementation Considerations for Receipts


Define AutoCash Rule Sets for a customer when using AutoLockbox or QuickCash.
You must define receivables activities for earned and unearned discounts.
Define receivables activities before setting up bank accounts in Cash Management.
If you select Tax Rate Code on Invoice as the GL Account Source when setting up
receivables activities, you must either assign tax accounts to all tax rate codes or make
sure the activity is selected only when the tax rate code on the invoice has tax accounts
assigned.
You assign tax accounts to tax rate codes in Oracle E-Business Tax. See: Setting Up Tax
Accounts, Oracle E-Business Tax User Guide for more information.

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Setting Up Lockboxes

Setting Up Lockboxes
Considerations for setting up lockboxes include:
Create Transmission Formats that accept customer reference and customer reason codes.
You must first work with your banks to accept customer reference and customer reason
codes in your lockbox.
If you are using Oracle Trade Management, enable the Evaluate for Claim Eligibility
option to let lockbox automatically create claims for eligible remittance lines. Lockbox
looks at your Claims system options to determine which imported receipts are eligible for
claim creation.
Use the Claims tabbed region of the System Options window to indicate claim handling
preferences.
Attach a General Ledger account for claims on the receipt class or receipt methods setup.
Perform Customer Reason Code Mapping in Oracle Trade Management.

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Function Security

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Summary

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