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Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad 2000-2001

Heat Event (Individual)

40

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.
Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark.
Time allowed: 40 minutes

1 1

a b
1 1
If 4a = 25b = 10, find the value of
.
a b

1.

4a = 25b = 10

2.

ABC AB AD
BDC = 38 CD ABD D
A
BCD x x
In figure 1, ABC is a straight line, AB = AD,
BDC = 38, CD is a tangent to the circle
ABD. Let BCD = x, find the value of x.

B
C

D
Figure 1

3.

p = 10x 4xy 5x2 y2 8 x y p


If p = 10x 4xy 5x2 y2 8, where x and y are real numbers, find the largest value of p.

4.

c
L1: 6x + 6y 19 = 0
L2: 18x + 12y + c = 0
L3: 2x + 3y 8 = 0
If the following three straight lines intersect at one point, find the value of c.
L1: 6x + 6y 19 = 0
L2: 18x + 12y + c = 0
L3: 2x + 3y 8 = 0

5.

2 6 cos2 = 7 sin cos tan


It is known that 2 6 cos2 = 7 sin cos , find the largest value of tan .

6.

88 $ 293
$ P P P
The total cost for 88 tickets was $ 293 . Because the printing machine was not functioning
well, the first and the last digits of the 5-digit number were missing. If the cost for each ticket
is $P, where P is an integer, find the value of P.

7.

p 2x3 + 7x2 29x 70 = 0 p


If p is the positive real root of 2x3 + 7x2 29x 70 = 0, find the value of p.

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P.1

HKMO 2001 Heat Event (Individual)

8.

30 6
1
40 q
q
Two persons A, B can complete a task in 30 days when they work together. If they work
together for 6 days and then A quits, B needs 40 days more in order to complete the task. If
1
the proportion of the task A can finish each day is , find the value of q.
q

9.

abc
a2
b2
c2
p qx rx 2

a b a c a x b c b a b x c a c b c x a x b x c x
pqr s = 7p + 8q + 9r s
Let a, b, c be three distinct constants. It is given that
a2
b2
c2
p qx rx 2

a b a c a x b c b a b x c a c b c x a x b x c x
where p, q r are constants, and s = 7p + 8q + 9r, find the value of s.

10.

ABEFBCDE BE 6 cm AE

and AE and CE are the arcs drawn with centres F F


and D respectively. If the total area of the shaded parts
is S cm2, find the value of S. (Assume = 3.)

***

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6 cm

CE FD
S cm2 S ( 3)
In figure 2, ABEF, BCDE are two squares, BE = 6 cm,

E
Figure 2

End of Paper ***

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HKMO 2001 Heat Event (Individual)

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad 2000-2001


Heat Event (Group)

20

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.
Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark.
Time allowed: 20 minutes
1.
p p
The time on the clock face is now one oclock. After p minutes, the minute hand overlaps
with the hour hand, find the minimum value of p.
10 3
2.

In how many ways can 10 identical balls be distributed into 3 different boxes such that no box
is to be empty?
3.

4.

5.

6.
7.
8.

x = 3 5 3 5 y = x2 y

Let x = 3 5 3 5 and y = x2, find the value of y.


4a
2
2
4
8
16

a
16
2
4
1 x 1 x 1 x
1 x
1 x
1 x8
4a
2
2
4
8
16

, find the value of a.


If
16
2
4
1 x 1 x 1 x
1 x
1 x
1 x8
ADE
A
1

ABC
4
BCDE 1 : k k

In figure 1, ADE is a right circular cone. Suppose the


C
B
cone is divided into two parts by a cut running parallel
1
of the way up, the ratio of the
to the base and made
4
slant surface of the small cone ABC to that of the E
truncated base BCDE is 1 : k, find the value of k.
Figure 1
2468m2468m 3 m
If a ten-digit number 2468m2468m is divisible by 3, find the maximum value of m.
x- x 3y = 0x + y 4 = 0
Find the area enclosed by the x-axis and the straight lines x 3y = 0, x + y 4 = 0.
R
PQR S PQ RQ
PS SQ RQS = 2RPS.PSR = x x
In figure 2, PQR is a triangle, S is the mid-point of PQ, RQ =
PS = SQ, and RQS = 2RPS. Let PSR = x, find the
value of x.
P

Figure 2

9.

x |x 3| + |x 5| = 2 x
If x satisfies the equation |x 3| + |x 5| = 2, find the minimum value of x.

10.

6 3 3 2
3 shoes are chosen randomly from 6 pairs of shoes with different models, find the probability
that exactly two out of the three shoes are of the same model.
***

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End of Paper ***

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HKMO 2001 Heat Event (Group)