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CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS

This set of Specifications shall govern the methods of construction and the
kinds of materials to be used for the proposed building shown in the plans and
detail drawings. The plans, detail drawings and these Specifications shall be
considered as complementing each other, so that what is mentioned, or shown in one,
although not mentioned or shown in the other, shall be considered as appearing on both. In case
of conflict between the two, the same should be referred to the designing
Architect/Engineer for resolution.
GENERAL CONDITIONS
All parts of the construction shall be finished with first class workmanship, to
the fullest talent and meaning of the plans and these Specifications, and to the
entire satisfaction of the Architect/Engineer and the Owner. The construction shall
conform to all the requirements of the National Building Code of the Philippines, as
well as the local rules and regulations of the Municipality/City of__________________,
Philippines.
CLEARING THE SITE
The building site shall be leveled according to the plans and cleared of
rubbish, roots and other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable
subgrade. All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and
spread uniformly over the areas adjacent to the proposed building, or otherwise
disposed of as may be directed by the Architect or Engineer in charge of the
construction.
STAKING OUT THE BUILDING LINES
The building lines shall be staked out and all lines and grades shown in the
drawing established before any execution is started. Batter boards and reference
marks shall be erected at such places where they will not be disturbed the
excavation of the building.
EXCAVATION
All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings. Where the
building site is covered with any kind of fill, the excavation for footings should be
made deeper until the stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil is reached.
Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process, it shall be removed by
bailing or pumping, care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not
disturbed or removed.
BACKFILLS
After concrete for foundations is hard enough to withstand pressure resulting from
fills, the materials removed from excavations shall be used for backfill around them.
Backfill and fills shall be placed in layers not exceeding 150mm in thickness, and
each layer shall be thoroughly compacted by wetting, tamping and rolling.
CONCRETE WORKS

All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of


the cement and aggregates, and should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its
final position, care being taken to avoid segregation of the aggregates. Water to be
used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil, acids,
alkalis, salt and other organic materials.
PROPRTIONING OF CONCRETE
All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard
specifications for plain and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government.
Cement, to be used shall be (Specify brand) portland cement, _________ pozzolan cement or
any other equivalent brands more readily available in the locality. Alternative
cements so selected must meet the requirements of Portland and pozzolan
cements, and approved by the Architect or Engineer in charge of construction. The
following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the
building:
Columns and footings - Class A (1:2:4)
Conc. Holl. Blk. Footings - Class B (1:2-1/2: 5)
Reinf. Conc. Beams and Slabs - Class A (1:2:4)
Concrete slab foot on fill - Class C (1:3:6)
Septic Vault cover - Class A (1:2:4)
Class A concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement, 2 parts fine aggregate
and 4 parts coarse aggregate by volume, plus enough clean water to make the
mixture into a pliable paste.
Class B concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part cement, 2-1/2 parts fine
aggregate and 5 parts of coarse aggregate by volume, plus enough clean water to
make the mixture into a pliable paste.
Class C concrete shall be a mixture of 1 part of cement, 3 parts fine
aggregate and 6 parts coarse aggregate by volume, plus enough clean water to
make the mixture into pliable paste.
The fine aggregate for concrete shall consist of natural sand, or inert
materials with similar characteristics, having clean, hard and durable grains, free
from \organic matter or loam.
The coarse aggregates for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable
and strong qualities, or clean and hard gravel. Size of the coarse aggregate to be
used shall vary from 20mm to 40mm (3/4 to 1-1/2).

FORMS FOR CONCRETE WORKS


All forms for concrete works shall be properly braced or connected together
so as to maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members. Forms
shall be constructed sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water.
Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to
support its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it. Side forms of beams
and girders may be removed earlier that the bottom forms but additional posts or shoring
must be placed under the beams or girders until they have attained their strength.

CONCRETE SLAB FLOORS ON FILL


Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed of not less than
100mthick. Each concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one
meter wide, and each course shall be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish.
SECOND FLOOR TOILET-BATH BALCONY CONCRETE FLOOR SLABS
When preparing the concrete for upper floor slabs of Toilet-Bath and
balcony it shall be made waterproof by adding (specify brand)
waterproofing
compound to the mixture. The proportion of the waterproofing compound to a
given volume of concrete mixture shall be as recommended by the product
manufacturer.
STEEL REINFORCING BARS
All steel reinforcing bars to be used in this construction shall consist of round
deformed bars with lugs or projections on their sides to provide a greater bond
between the concrete and the steel. All steel reinforcing bars to be used
shall be (specify brand).
All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against
displacement by tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge No.
16galvanized iron wire. The steel reinforcing bars indicated for footings, columns,
slabs, beams, girders and other concrete members shall all conform to the number,
size and spacing as indicated in the drawings of schedule of steel reinforcements.
No metal reinforcement shall be installed in place unless it is free from rust, scale or
other coatings, which will destroy or reduce the bond with concrete.
CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCKS
Concrete hollow blocks to be used in this project shall be (specify brand). All exterior
concrete hollow blocks to be used for first floor walls shall be at least 150mm thick
while concrete hollow blocks for interior walls unless otherwise indicated, shall be
100mm thick. For interior CHB walls where plumbing pipes and fittings shall be
located, the thickness shall be at least 150mm. Concrete hollow block to be used for
walls above the first floor, shall be100mm thick. The concrete hollow block walls
shall be laid, and the cells filled with cement mortar consisting of 1 part Portland
cement and 3 parts sand by volume. They shall be reinforced with round deformed
bars 10mm diameter, spaced not more than 0.80m on centers, bothways. All
exposed surfaces of concrete hollow block walls shall be finished with the specified
materials indicated on the elevation drawings. The mixture of cement plaster for concrete
hollow block wall finshes indicated in the drawing shall be 1 part cement, 1 part time
and 3 parts sand.
FLOOR FINISHES
The materials to be used as floor finishes for the rooms of the building shall
be as follows:
Entrance Porch ------------------------------- (Specify)
Living Room ---------------------------------- (Specify)
Dining Room ---------------------------------- (Specify)
Kitchen --------------------------------------- (Specify)
Maids Room --------------------------------- (Specify)

Bedroom (First Floor) ----------------------- (Specify)


Carport --------------------------------------- (Specify)
Bedrooms (Second Floor) and Hall------------ (Specify)
Balcony (Second Floor) ----------------------- (Specify)
THE WALL AND FLOOR FINISHES
The toilet and bathroom floors shall be finished with (specify brand) ceramic
tiles carrying the brand (specify brand) tiles. The walls of the toilets, bathrooms, top
of kitchen cabinets, and laundry tub, and their adjacent walls shall be wainscoted
with 200mm x 200mm (8x8) ceramic tiles. Interior and exterior corners of tiled
floors and walls shall be provided with the necessary tile mouldings. All tiles for
floor, walls and mouldings shall be free from laminations, serrated edges, chippedoff corners and other defects, which would adversely affect their appearance and
strength. All joints between tiles and mouldings shall be filled with (specify brand)
white cement and then carefully wiped. Before the tiles and mouldings are laid in
place, they shall be thoroughly soaked in water if recommended by the
manufacturer. Mortar to be used in setting the tiles and moldings shall be a mixture
of 1 part cement and 2 parts sand by volume.

LUMBER
Lumber to be used in this project shall be well seasoned, thoroughly dry and
free from loose or unsound knots, shakes or other imperfections impairing their strength
or appearances. The kind of lumber to be used for the various parts of the building
shall be as follows:
Exterior door frames --------------------------------------------- (Specify)
Interior door frames --------------------------------------------- (Specify)
Purlins, Wall Studs, Ceiling Joists, Cleats ------------------- (Specify)
Fascia Boards, Cabinets/Closet Shelves -------------------- (Specify)
Stair Treads, Stringers, Risers and Handrails -------------- (Specify)
FRAMES
All wood frames for windows, doors, cabinets and closets shall be done as
much as possible, with carefully fitted mortise and tenon joints. All door and window
frames to be installed on concrete hollow block and other masonry walls shall be
anchored with 76mm (3) common wire nails all around the contact surfaces, And
all such contact surfaces shall first be painted with (Specify brand) wood
preservative before the frames are installed in place. All unexposed lumber such as
posts, plates, floor and roof beams, trusses or rafters, floor joists and bridgings,
purlins, cleats, ceiling joists, wall studs, etc. shall likewise be treated with (Specify
brand) wood preservative after they have been installed in place.
ROOFING
The roof shall be covered with (Specify brand) pre-pointed roofing sheets as
shown on the plans. The roofing sheets shall be secured to the purlins with6mmdia.
(1/4 dia.) GI rivets and Gauge No. 26 plain GI straps cut long enough for bending
around the specified size or purlins. The straps shall each be at least25mm wide
with corners chipped off at the riveting ends.

Ridge rolls, hip rolls and valleys to be used shall be those compatible with
(Specify brand) pre-pointed long-span roofing sheets. They shall lap the roofing sheets at least
250mm. The ridge rolls, hip rolls and valleys shall be riveted to the roofing sheets,
in addition to the rivets engaging the GI straps in securing the roofing sheets to the
purlins. All roofing sheets adjacent to concrete hollow block and other masonry
walls such as at property line firewalls, shall be provided w3ith Gauge No. 26 plain
GI flashing to extend up to the top and over to the other side of the wall. All rivets
shall be placed at the top of the corrugations of the roofing sheets to prevent water
from standing around the rivets.
ELECTRICAL WORKS
The electrical installation shall be done in accordance with the approved
plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Professional
Electrical Engineer or Master Electrician. All electric works and materials shall
conform to the provisions of the latest edition of the Philippine or National Electrical
Code. The electrical wiring shall be installed thru (Specify brand) coil able PVC
electrical conduit fittings and appurtenances that conform with ISO dimensions. The
type of electrical services to be supplied to the building shall be 220V, AC, single
phase. There shall be only one service drop from the nearest (Specify Electricity
Company) pole to the proposed building. Electric wires for light and power shall not
be smaller than 13.5mm2 (AWG No. 12). 600V insulation. Electrical materials to be
used for the electric installation shall be as follows:
Automatic Circuit Breaker ------------------------------ (Specify)
Flush wall switches, convenience outlets other wiring devices---(Specify)
Wires/Conductors ----------------------------------------------- (Specify)
(List other materials, if necessary)
The spare circuit shall be provided with an empty PVC pipe, size 19mm
which should extend at least 300mm above the ceiling line. The grounding wires
shall be identified and all wires shall be color-coded for easy identification. The
panel board shall be provided with a circuit directory.
PLUMBING WORKS
All plumbing works for this project shall be in accordance with the approved
plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Sanitary Engineer or Master
Plumber. Piping shall be properly graded or pitched to ensure easy circulation,
drainage and prevent water hammer and noise. The plumbing installation shall conform
with the provisions of the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines and the rules
and regulations enforced in the locality. Piping for drain, waste and vent shall be
done using (Specify brand) uPVC push-on system. For the in-house water supply
installation, (Specify brand) uPVC pipes and fittings shall be used. The plumbing
fixtures and accessories to be provided and installed shall be as follows:
Water Closets ------------------ (Specify brand and model)
Lavatories ----------------------- (Specify brand and model)
Kitchen Sinks ------------------- (Specify brand and model)
Shower Heads ------------------ (Specify brand and model)
Soap Holder -------------------- (Specify brand)
Toilet Paper Holder ------------- (Specify brand)

Floor Drain --------------------- Size 100mm x 100mm (4x4)


Stainless Steel (List other materials, if necessary)
Where a sanitary sewer system of sewage disposal is not in operation in the
locality, a standard septic vault shall be constructed as shown in the drawings.
DOORS AND DOOR FRAMES
Doors and door frames shall conform to the sizes, designs and kind of
materials shown in the details of doors, schedule of doors or as per the bill of
materials. All wooden doors shall be hung on at least 3 pieces of 102mm x 102mm
(4 x4) loose-pin bearing template hinges. Door locksets to be used shall be
(Specify brand) brand to be installed1024mm from the finished floor line. Rails and
rollers for the sliding doors shall be (Specify brand).

STEEL WINDOWS
Steel windows to be used in this project shall conform to the size and designs
shown in the detail drawings or schedule of steel windows, or as per the bill of
materials.
JALOUSIE WINDOWS
Jalousie windows to be installed shall conform to the detail drawings or
schedule of jalousie windows, or as shown in the bill of materials. Hardwares and
fittings for louver windows shall be galvanized-plated steel with rotor-operators.
Glass jalousie slats shall be 5.5mm thick x 100mm wide. Use frosted glass blades
for all bedroom areas and clear glass slats for all other rooms. Glass jalousie
windows shall be provided with aluminum screens. Wrought iron grilles using at
least 12mm square steel bars shall be installed on all jalousie windows.
STORM DRAINAGE
All downspouts from the roof gutters shall end in concrete catch basins, to
which 6 reinforced concrete drainage pipes shall be connected leading to the
street gutter fronting the building.
PAINTING
All painting work for this project, except as hereinafter specified, shall be
done with the use of (Specify brand) paint products. The painting contractor shall
supply all labor, paint materials, tools, staging and equipment necessary, and shall
perform all painting and finishing work as shown in the schedule of painting and
finishing work for this project. The painting contractor shall store his materials in
one place in the building to be kept neat and clean, care being taken in the storage of paints,
oils, etc. to prevent danger of fire. Oily rags shall be kept in metal containers and
shall be removed from the building every end of the working day. Upon completion
of the painting works, the painting contractor shall remove any paint spots from all
finished work. He shall present his work to the Project owner or Architect/Engineer
in-charge of construction, free from blemishes and rubbish generated by
his workers. It shall be the painting contractors responsibility to protect his work
and those of other contractor during the time of his work is underway. He shall be
responsible for any damage to the work or property of others caused by his

employees or by himself. Before any painting is done, all surfaces shall be cleaned,
smoothed and freed from dust, dirt, grease, mortar, rust and other foreign
substances. All parts where paint remover has been used shall be washed off with paint or
lacquer thinner. All paints shall be spread evenly and carefully. All paint and paint
materials shall be delivered to the building site in unbroken packages, bearing the
marks of the specified brand. No adulteration of specified paints with other brands
shall be allowed.
______________________
Project Owner