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by :

DR. T.K. JAIN

AFTERSCHO☺OL

centre for social entrepreneurship

sivakamu veterinary hospital road

bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india

FOR – PGPSE / CSE PARTICIPANTS

mobile : 91+9414430763

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 1

study material of PGPSE / CSE

My words....

number system I wish that more people should become entrepreneurs.

An ordinary Indian entrepreneur wishes to remain an honest entrepreneur

and contribute to the development of nation but we have to strengthen those

institutions which truly promote entrepreneurship, not just degree granting

institutions. Let us work together to promote knowledge, wisdom, social

development and education. We believe in free education for all, free

support for all, entrepreneurship opportunities and training for all. Let us

work together for these goals. ... I alone cant do much, I need support of

perosns like you .......... ...

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 2

study material of PGPSE / CSE

What is HCF & LCM ?

Meaure(G.C.M) :

The H.C.F of two or more than two numbers is the greatest

number that divides each of them exactly. For example, 12 is

HCF of 36 and 48.

Least common multiple[LCM] : The least number which is

divisible by each one of given numbers is LCM. Example :

12 is LCM of 3 and 4 (because 12 is divisible by 3 and 4

both and it is the smallest such number)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 3

study material of PGPSE / CSE

What are the methods to calculate

HCF & LCM?

Factorization method : Resolve each one into product

of prime factors. HCF denotes all those factors which

are found in each of these. LCM is product of highest

powers of all factors.

Common division method - Divide the larger number

by smaller one. Now divide the divisor by remainder.

Repeat the process of dividing preceding number last

obtained till zero is obtained as number. Thelast divisor

is HCF. Use this formula to know about the LCM :

HCF*LCM = Product of two numbers

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 4

study material of PGPSE / CSE

The area of AFTERSCHOOOL'S room is 24 feet *

32 feet. What can be minimum number of square

tiles ?

factors of 24 = 2*2*2*3

factors of 32 = 2*2*2*2*2

so HCF = 2*2*2 = 8

one side of tile will be 8

number of tiles : (24*32) / (8*8) = 12 tiles

answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 5

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Find least number which when

divided by 20,25,35,40 leaves

remainders 14,19,29,34.

Here you can see that each remainder is 6 less

than the divisor. So we have to calculate LCM

and then we will deduct 6 from the LCM

factors of 20 = 4*5, 25 = 5*5, 35=5*7,

40=4*2*5

LCM = 4*2*5*5*7 1400 deduct 6, =1394

answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 6

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Three numbers are in ratio 1:2:3

and HCF is 12.Find numbers.

numbers which are in this pattern.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 7

study material of PGPSE / CSE

The sum of two numbers is 216

and HCF is 27. what are the

numbers ?

The two numbers are : 27X and 27Y

27X+27Y = 216

divide each side by 27

X+Y = 8

X and Y must be : 5 * 3

the two numbers are : 135 and 81 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 8

study material of PGPSE / CSE

LCM of two numbers is 48..The

numbers are in ratio 2:3. The sum

of numbers is?

Let us assume that the numbers are : 2x and 3x

(where X is HCF of the two numbers)

list down factors of 48 :

2*2*2*2*3

here we can see that leaving apart 2 and 3, we

have 8 as other number. Let us take 8 as HCF.

The numbers are : 16 and 24. the sum of two

numbers is 40 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 9

study material of PGPSE / CSE

What is the least number which

when divided by 12,21 and 35

leaves remainder 6 in each case ?

Find LCM of 12, 21, 35

list down factors of these :

12 = 3*2*2

21 = 3*7

35 = 5*7

thus LCM = 2*2*3*5*7 = 420

add 6 to it, the answer = 426

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 10

study material of PGPSE / CSE

What is the least number which

when divided by 12,21 and 35

leaves remainder 5, 14 and 28

respectively ?

We can see that in each case, the remainder is 7 less. So first find

LCM and then deduct 7 from that. list down factors of these :

12 = 3*2*2

21 = 3*7

35 = 5*7

thus LCM = 2*2*3*5*7 = 420

now deduct 7 from this. Answer = 413

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 11

study material of PGPSE / CSE

What is the greatest number of 5

digits which is divisible by

12,14,18 and 20?

Step 1 : Find LCM

factors of 12 : 3*2*2

factors of 14 : 2*7

factors of 18 : 3* 3*2

factors of 20 : 5*2*2

LCM= 2*2*3*3*5*7 = 1260

now divide 99999 by 1260 we get remainder of 459. this number

must be deducted from 99999. we get 99540. answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 12

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Which is the largest number which divides

1023, 1221, 1323 and 1500 leaving same

remainder in each case ?

(1221-1023) = 198

(1323-1221) = 102

(1500-1323) = 177

now find HCF of these numbers :

divide 198 by 177, we get : 21, divide 177 by 21, we get 9

divide 21 by 9 we get 3 as the last remainder. Thus 3 is

the HCF of all these 3 digits so our answer is also 3.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 13

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Which is the largest number which divides

77,147 and 252 leaving same remainder in

each case ?

(147-77) = 70

(252-147) =105

now find HCF of these numbers :

divide 105 by 70, we get : 35, divide70 by 35, we get 0 as

remainder. So HCF is 35. This is the answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 14

study material of PGPSE / CSE

LCM of two numbers is 98154 and one of the

two numbers is 1558. what is the minimum

possible other number if HCF is 38 ?

Find the factors of 98154 :

=2*3*3*7*19*41

now find factors of 1558

=2*19*41

remaining factors are : (3,3,7), but have to take factors of HCF

also (2,19), so other number must be :

=2*3*3*7*19 = 2394

the minimum possible other number is 2394 . answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 15

study material of PGPSE / CSE

How many prime numbers are

there between 10 and 90 ?

A natural number larger than unity is a prime number if it

does not have other divisors except for itself and unity.

1 is not a prime number. The lowest prime number is 2. 2 is also the

only even prime number. The lowest odd prime number is 3.

->The remainder when a prime number p>=5 is divided by 6 is 1 or

5.However, if a number on being divided by 6 gives a remainder 1 or

5 it need not always be prime number.

Prime numbers between 10 and 90 : 11,13,17,19,23,29,

31,37,41,47,53,61,67,71,79,89 total : 16

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 16

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Mention any two co primes out of

the following pairs :

none of these

answer :

Two numbers a an b are said to be co-primes,if

their H.C.F is 1. here answer is option C.

Answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 17

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Is 121417 divisible by 7 ?

number of its thousands and the remainder of

its division by 1000 is divisible by 7,11,13.

in this case : 417 -121 = 296, which is not

divisible by 7, so this number is not divisible

by 7. answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 18

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Is 836291721 divisible by 11 ?

of the digits in theodd places and the sum of

the digitsin the even places is zero or divisible

by 11.

let us add 8+6+9+7+1 and also 3+2+1+2

their totals are : 31 and 8, the difference is 23,

which is not divisible by 11 so this number is

not divisible by 11. answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 19

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Is 22221244292 divisible by 8 ?

the last 3 digits of the number are divisible by

8.

here last 3 digits are 292 which is not divisible

by 8 , so this number is not divisible by 8.

(for divisibility by 2,4,8, 16,32...we look at last

1, 2,3,4,5,... digit respectively and if that digit

is divisible, the entire number is divisible)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 20

study material of PGPSE / CSE

539 is prime or not?

so we shall try to divide it by all the prime

numbers till 23. 539 is divisible by 7 so answer

is that it is not a prime number.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 21

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Is 454321111112 divisible by 9 or

not ?

The total of all these digits is 26, which is not

divisible by 9, so this number is not divisible.

For numbers like 3,9,27,81 ... we use these

rules :

A number is divisible by 3,9,27,81 ...,if the

sum of its digits is

divisible by the number, the number is

divisible by that number, otherwise not.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 22

study material of PGPSE / CSE

2321 is an octal number, find its

equivalent in decimal system ?

the number is 1233 answer

we can cross check it by dividing 1233 by 8 and preparing an

OCTAL number. When we divide by 8, we get 154 the remainder is

1. in this we again divide by 8, we get : 19 and remainder is 2. we

again divide it by 8, we get 2 and remainder is 3. put these in reverse

order, we get : 2321 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 23

study material of PGPSE / CSE

What least number must be

substracted from 232121 so that it

is exactly divisible by 103?

which is exactly divisible by 103.

answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 24

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Find the unit's digit n the product

271713692467^153 * 34172?

(because powers of 7 rotate in cycle of 7,9,3,1

and again 7,9,3,1) we get remainder 1. thus 1

as power of 7 gives 7. multiplied to 2 we get 4

as the last digit answer.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 25

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Find the total number of prime

factors in 4^11 *7^5 *112 ?

also, thus we have total 26 factors of 2.

similarly we have 6 factors of 7 (one 7 is there

is 112 also).

We have 2^26 , 7^6,

thus we have 32 prime factors answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 26

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Find the smallest number of 8

digits which is exactly divisible

by 207?

Number to be added =207 – 37 = 170

=10000170 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 27

study material of PGPSE / CSE

On dividing 15968 by a certain

number the quotient is 89 and the

remainder

is 37.Find the divisor?

now divide it b 89. we get : 179 this is the

answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 28

study material of PGPSE / CSE

A number when divided by 342

gives a remainder 47.When the

same number

is divided by 19 what would be

the remainder?

Let us take the number as 342X + 47. Let us assueme X =1

so the number is : 389

when we divide it by 19, we get : 9 as remainder. Thus this

is the answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 29

study material of PGPSE / CSE

A number being successively divided by 3,5,8

leaves remainders 1,4,7

respectively. Find the respective remainders if the

order of divisors are reversed?

15 / 23 / 31 / 39. Let us take 15 (we can take any

value, answer will be the same) and multiply it by 5

and add 4 we get 79. Now we multiply it by 3 and add

1. we get : 237+1 = 238. Now use reverse order : we

get 29 and remainder 6 when we divide by 8 and get 5

and remainder 4 when we divide by 5 and 1 and

remainder 2 when we divide by 3.

=6,4, 2 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 30

study material of PGPSE / CSE

The sum of three prime numbers

is 100.If one of them exceeds

another by

36. then one of the numbers is?

Options :

a.7 b.29 c.41 d.67.

X+(X+36)+Y = 100

let us take Y=2, we get : 2X+36 =98

we get : 2X = 62 or X = 31

other number is : 67

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 31

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Download links ....

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778316/Permutations

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778304/Differentiatio

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778217/Unitary-Meth

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778090/Questions-on

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30646219/Mock-Intervi

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30888753/General-Know

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 32

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Download links .....

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30646577/Afterschoool-

http://www.scribd.com/doc/11953346/Mathematics-

http://www.scribd.com/doc/11867744/Management-

http://www.brijj.com/group/gmat-entrance-exam--pr

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/3921499/ENGLISH-%

http://www.docstoc.com/docs/3967158/basiC-MAT

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/tkjainbk

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/tkjainbk

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 33

study material of PGPSE / CSE

Spread the concepts of

AFTERSCHOOOL

Join PGPSE

start CENTRES of AFTERSCHOOOL

spread entrepreneurship & social

entrepreneurship

let us work for social upliftment together

let us work for some common goals

conduct workshops on social entrepreneurship

make your career in social entrepreneurship

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 34

study material of PGPSE / CSE

THANKS....

GIVE YOUR SUGGESTIONS AND JOIN

AFTERSCHOOOL NETWORK / START

AFTERSCHOOOL SOCIAL

ENTREPRENEURSHIP NETWORK IN

YOUR CITY / COLLEGE

AFTERSCHOOOL@IN.COM

PGPSE – WORLD'S MOST

COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMME IN

SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 35

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