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by : DR. T.K. JAIN AFTERSCHO☺OL centre for social entrepreneurship sivakamu veterinary hospital road bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india FOR – PGPSE / CSE PARTICIPANTS mobile : 91+9414430763

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 1

My words....

Here I present a few basic questions questions on HCF,LCM & number system I wish that more people should become entrepreneurs. An ordinary Indian entrepreneur wishes to remain an honest entrepreneur and contribute to the development of nation but we have to strengthen those institutions which truly promote entrepreneurship, not just degree granting institutions. Let us work together to promote knowledge, wisdom, social development and education. We believe in free education for all, free support for all, entrepreneurship opportunities and training for all. Let us work together for these goals. ... I alone cant do much, I need support of perosns like you .......... ...

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

2

**What is HCF & LCM ?
**

Highest Common Factor:(H.C.F) or Greatest Common Meaure(G.C.M) : The H.C.F of two or more than two numbers is the greatest number that divides each of them exactly. For example, 12 is HCF of 36 and 48. Least common multiple[LCM] : The least number which is divisible by each one of given numbers is LCM. Example : 12 is LCM of 3 and 4 (because 12 is divisible by 3 and 4 both and it is the smallest such number)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 3

**What are the methods to calculate HCF & LCM?
**

Factorization method : Resolve each one into product of prime factors. HCF denotes all those factors which are found in each of these. LCM is product of highest powers of all factors. Common division method - Divide the larger number by smaller one. Now divide the divisor by remainder. Repeat the process of dividing preceding number last obtained till zero is obtained as number. Thelast divisor is HCF. Use this formula to know about the LCM : HCF*LCM = Product of two numbers

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 4

The area of AFTERSCHOOOL'S room is 24 feet * 32 feet. What can be minimum number of square tiles ?

Find HCF of 24 and 32 factors of 24 = 2*2*2*3 factors of 32 = 2*2*2*2*2 so HCF = 2*2*2 = 8 one side of tile will be 8 number of tiles : (24*32) / (8*8) = 12 tiles answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 5

**Find least number which when divided by 20,25,35,40 leaves remainders 14,19,29,34.
**

Here you can see that each remainder is 6 less than the divisor. So we have to calculate LCM and then we will deduct 6 from the LCM factors of 20 = 4*5, 25 = 5*5, 35=5*7, 40=4*2*5 LCM = 4*2*5*5*7 1400 deduct 6, =1394 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 6

Three numbers are in ratio 1:2:3 and HCF is 12.Find numbers.

The numbers are : 12,24,36 or any such numbers which are in this pattern.

5 DECEMBER 09

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7

**The sum of two numbers is 216 and HCF is 27. what are the numbers ?
**

The two numbers are : 27X and 27Y 27X+27Y = 216 divide each side by 27 X+Y = 8 X and Y must be : 5 * 3 the two numbers are : 135 and 81 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 8

**LCM of two numbers is 48..The numbers are in ratio 2:3. The sum of numbers is?
**

Let us assume that the numbers are : 2x and 3x (where X is HCF of the two numbers) list down factors of 48 : 2*2*2*2*3 here we can see that leaving apart 2 and 3, we have 8 as other number. Let us take 8 as HCF. The numbers are : 16 and 24. the sum of two numbers is 40 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 9

**What is the least number which when divided by 12,21 and 35 leaves remainder 6 in each case ?
**

Find LCM of 12, 21, 35 list down factors of these : 12 = 3*2*2 21 = 3*7 35 = 5*7 thus LCM = 2*2*3*5*7 = 420 add 6 to it, the answer = 426

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 10

**What is the least number which when divided by 12,21 and 35 leaves remainder 5, 14 and 28 respectively ?
**

We can see that in each case, the remainder is 7 less. So first find LCM and then deduct 7 from that. list down factors of these : 12 = 3*2*2 21 = 3*7 35 = 5*7 thus LCM = 2*2*3*5*7 = 420 now deduct 7 from this. Answer = 413

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

11

**What is the greatest number of 5 digits which is divisible by 12,14,18 and 20?
**

Step 1 : Find LCM factors of 12 : 3*2*2 factors of 14 : 2*7 factors of 18 : 3* 3*2 factors of 20 : 5*2*2 LCM= 2*2*3*3*5*7 = 1260 now divide 99999 by 1260 we get remainder of 459. this number must be deducted from 99999. we get 99540. answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

12

Which is the largest number which divides 1023, 1221, 1323 and 1500 leaving same remainder in each case ?

Find difference of these numbers : (1221-1023) = 198 (1323-1221) = 102 (1500-1323) = 177 now find HCF of these numbers : divide 198 by 177, we get : 21, divide 177 by 21, we get 9 divide 21 by 9 we get 3 as the last remainder. Thus 3 is the HCF of all these 3 digits so our answer is also 3.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 13

Which is the largest number which divides 77,147 and 252 leaving same remainder in each case ?

Find difference of these numbers : (147-77) = 70 (252-147) =105 now find HCF of these numbers : divide 105 by 70, we get : 35, divide70 by 35, we get 0 as remainder. So HCF is 35. This is the answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

14

LCM of two numbers is 98154 and one of the two numbers is 1558. what is the minimum possible other number if HCF is 38 ?

Find the factors of 98154 : =2*3*3*7*19*41 now find factors of 1558 =2*19*41 remaining factors are : (3,3,7), but have to take factors of HCF also (2,19), so other number must be : =2*3*3*7*19 = 2394 the minimum possible other number is 2394 . answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

15

**How many prime numbers are there between 10 and 90 ?
**

A natural number larger than unity is a prime number if it does not have other divisors except for itself and unity. 1 is not a prime number. The lowest prime number is 2. 2 is also the only even prime number. The lowest odd prime number is 3. ->The remainder when a prime number p>=5 is divided by 6 is 1 or 5.However, if a number on being divided by 6 gives a remainder 1 or 5 it need not always be prime number. Prime numbers between 10 and 90 : 11,13,17,19,23,29, 31,37,41,47,53,61,67,71,79,89 total : 16

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 16

**Mention any two co primes out of the following pairs :
**

Options : a. 45, 63 b. 121 1331 c. 27, 82 d none of these answer : Two numbers a an b are said to be co-primes,if their H.C.F is 1. here answer is option C. Answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 17

**Is 121417 divisible by 7 ?
**

Divisibility by 7,11,13:-The difference of the number of its thousands and the remainder of its division by 1000 is divisible by 7,11,13. in this case : 417 -121 = 296, which is not divisible by 7, so this number is not divisible by 7. answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 18

**Is 836291721 divisible by 11 ?
**

Divisibility by 11:-If the difference of the sum of the digits in theodd places and the sum of the digitsin the even places is zero or divisible by 11. let us add 8+6+9+7+1 and also 3+2+1+2 their totals are : 31 and 8, the difference is 23, which is not divisible by 11 so this number is not divisible by 11. answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 19

**Is 22221244292 divisible by 8 ?
**

Divisibility by 8:-A number is divisible by 8 if the last 3 digits of the number are divisible by 8. here last 3 digits are 292 which is not divisible by 8 , so this number is not divisible by 8. (for divisibility by 2,4,8, 16,32...we look at last 1, 2,3,4,5,... digit respectively and if that digit is divisible, the entire number is divisible)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 20

539 is prime or not?

Here we take the square root of 539. it is 23.2, so we shall try to divide it by all the prime numbers till 23. 539 is divisible by 7 so answer is that it is not a prime number.

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

21

**Is 454321111112 divisible by 9 or not ?
**

The total of all these digits is 26, which is not divisible by 9, so this number is not divisible. For numbers like 3,9,27,81 ... we use these rules : A number is divisible by 3,9,27,81 ...,if the sum of its digits is divisible by the number, the number is divisible by that number, otherwise not.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 22

**2321 is an octal number, find its equivalent in decimal system ?
**

2*(8)^3+ 3*(8)^2+ 2*(8)^1 +1*(8)^0 the number is 1233 answer we can cross check it by dividing 1233 by 8 and preparing an OCTAL number. When we divide by 8, we get 154 the remainder is 1. in this we again divide by 8, we get : 19 and remainder is 2. we again divide it by 8, we get 2 and remainder is 3. put these in reverse order, we get : 2321 answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

23

What least number must be substracted from 232121 so that it is exactly divisible by 103?

Deduct 62 from 232121 we will get 232059, which is exactly divisible by 103. answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

24

**Find the unit's digit n the product 271713692467^153 * 34172?
**

Take 153 power of 7. 153 is divided by 4, (because powers of 7 rotate in cycle of 7,9,3,1 and again 7,9,3,1) we get remainder 1. thus 1 as power of 7 gives 7. multiplied to 2 we get 4 as the last digit answer.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 25

**Find the total number of prime factors in 4^11 *7^5 *112 ?
**

4^11 or 2^22 we have 4 factors of 2 in 112 also, thus we have total 26 factors of 2. similarly we have 6 factors of 7 (one 7 is there is 112 also). We have 2^26 , 7^6, thus we have 32 prime factors answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 26

**Find the smallest number of 8 digits which is exactly divisible by 207?
**

ng 10000000 by 207 we get 37 as remainder Number to be added =207 – 37 = 170 =10000170 answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

27

**On dividing 15968 by a certain number the quotient is 89 and the remainder is 37.Find the divisor?
**

Let us deduct 37 from 15968, we get : 15931. now divide it b 89. we get : 179 this is the answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

28

A number when divided by 342 gives a remainder 47.When the same number is divided by 19 what would be the remainder?

Let us take the number as 342X + 47. Let us assueme X =1 so the number is : 389 when we divide it by 19, we get : 9 as remainder. Thus this is the answer

5 DECEMBER 09

www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE

29

A number being successively divided by 3,5,8 leaves remainders 1,4,7 respectively. Find the respective remainders if the order of divisors are reversed?

Start reverse order. Add 7 to 8 / 16 / 24 / 32 , we get 15 / 23 / 31 / 39. Let us take 15 (we can take any value, answer will be the same) and multiply it by 5 and add 4 we get 79. Now we multiply it by 3 and add 1. we get : 237+1 = 238. Now use reverse order : we get 29 and remainder 6 when we divide by 8 and get 5 and remainder 4 when we divide by 5 and 1 and remainder 2 when we divide by 3. =6,4, 2 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 30

The sum of three prime numbers is 100.If one of them exceeds another by 36. then one of the numbers is?

Options : a.7 b.29 c.41 d.67. X+(X+36)+Y = 100 let us take Y=2, we get : 2X+36 =98 we get : 2X = 62 or X = 31 other number is : 67

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 31

Download links ....

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778316/Permutations http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778304/Differentiatio http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778217/Unitary-Meth http://www.scribd.com/doc/30778090/Questions-on http://www.scribd.com/doc/30646219/Mock-Intervi http://www.scribd.com/doc/30888753/General-Know

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 32

Download links .....

http://www.scribd.com/doc/30646577/Afterschooolhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/11953346/Mathematicshttp://www.scribd.com/doc/11867744/Managementhttp://www.brijj.com/group/gmat-entrance-exam--pr http://www.docstoc.com/docs/3921499/ENGLISH-% http://www.docstoc.com/docs/3967158/basiC-MAT http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/tkjainbk http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/tkjainbk

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 33

**Spread the concepts of AFTERSCHOOOL
**

Join PGPSE start CENTRES of AFTERSCHOOOL spread entrepreneurship & social entrepreneurship let us work for social upliftment together let us work for some common goals conduct workshops on social entrepreneurship make your career in social entrepreneurship

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 34

THANKS....

GIVE YOUR SUGGESTIONS AND JOIN AFTERSCHOOOL NETWORK / START AFTERSCHOOOL SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP NETWORK IN YOUR CITY / COLLEGE AFTERSCHOOOL@IN.COM PGPSE – WORLD'S MOST COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMME IN SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk study material of PGPSE / CSE 35

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