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COMPUTER

HARDWARE

A PRESENTATION
BY:

VIRAT
SINGH
7-C

FLASH DRIVE
IT IS A SMALL, LIGHTWEIGHT, REMOVABLE AND

REWRITABLE FLASH MEMORY DATA STORAGE
DEVICE. USB FLASH DISK IS FASTER, HOLDS
MORE DATA AND MORE RELIABLE THAN A
FLOPPY DISK. IT IS ALSO KNOWN AS PEN
DRIVE, THUMB DRIVE OR SIMPLY USB DRIVE.

DVD
DVD STANDS FOR DIGITAL VERSATILE DISK OR

DIGITAL VIDEO DISK. ITS AN OPTICAL DEVICE THAT
CAN BE USED FOR DATA STORAGE AND RECORD
MOVIES WITH HIGH VIDEO AND SOUND QUALITY.
THE STORAGE CAPACITY OF A DVD VARIES FROM
4.1 GB TO 17 GB.

COMPACT DISK
A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an optical
disc used to store digital data. It was originally developed to
store sound recordings exclusively, but later it also allowed
the preservation of other types of data. Audio CDs have been
commercially available since October 1982. In 2010, they
remain the standard physical storage medium for audio.

HARD DISK DRIVE
IT IS AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE THAT CAN READ
OR WRITE INFORMATION ON ITS METAL OR
GLASS RECORDING SURFACE. THESE DISK
DRIVES ARE VERY FAST AND HAVE LARGE
STORAGE CAPACITY.

FLOPPY DISK
IT IS ALSO CALLED AUXILIARY MEMORY

WHERE DATA CAN BE STORED PERMANENTLY
FOR FUTURE USE. THE TYPES OF EXTERNAL
MEMORIES ARE FLOPPY DISK, HARD DISK,
COMPACT DISK, FLASH DRIVE ETC.

RAM
RAM [RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY] IS AN

IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF MEMORY UNIT.
WHATEVER INFORMATION WE ENTER INTO THE
COMPUTER THAT EXISTS IN RAM. IT REMAINS
THERE TILL WE ARE WORKING IN AN
APPLICATION OR COMPUTER GETS ITS POWER
SUPPLY. IT IS A VOLATILE MEMORY. DATA AND
INSTRUCTIONS ARE TEMPORARILY STORED IN
THE RAM. DURING PROCESSING, IF THE
COMPUTER IS SWITCHED OFF DATA IS LOST
FOREVER.

ROM
ROM STANDS FOR READ ONLY MEMORY. IT IS

SO CALLED, AS USER CAN ONLY READ FROM IT
AND
CANNOT WRITE INTO IT. THE PRIMARY USE OF
ROM IS DURING THE BOOTING PROCEDURE,
WHICH IS AN INITIAL PROGRAM TO START UP
THE COMPUTER, WHEN POWER IS SWITCHED
ON.

KEYBOARD
As the name implies, a keyboard is basically a board

of keys. The keyboard's design comes from the
original typewriter keyboards, which arranged letters
and numbers in a way that prevented the type-bars
from getting jammed when typing quickly. This
keyboard layout is known as the  QWERTY design,
which gets its name from the first six letters across
in the upper-left-hand corner of the keyboard.

SPEAKERS
Speakers are one of the most
common output devices used with computer
systems. Some speakers are designed to work
specifically with computers, while others can
be hooked up to any type of sound system.
Regardless of their design, the purpose of
speakers is to produce audio output that can
be heard by the listener.

MOUSE
In computing , a mouse is a pointing device that functions by

detecting two-dimensional motion relative to its supporting surface.
Physically, a mouse consists of an object held under one of the user's
hands, with one or more buttons. (Although traditionally a button is
typically round or square, modern mice have spring-loaded regions of their
top surface that operate switches when pressed down lightly.) It
sometimes features other elements, such as "wheels", which allow the
user to perform various system-dependent operations, or extra buttons or
features that can add more control or dimensional input. The mouse's
motion typically translates into the motion of a cursor on a display, which
allows for fine control of a graphical user interface.

MONITOR
The computer monitor is an output device that is part of

your computer's display system. A cable connects the
monitor to a video adapter (video card) that is installed
in an expansion slot on your computer’s motherboard.
This system converts signals into text and pictures and
displays them on a TV-like screen (the monitor).

MOTHERBOARD
The motherboard is the main circuit board of your computer

and is also known as the mainboard or logic board. If you
ever open your computer, the biggest piece of silicon you
see is the motherboard. Attached to the motherboard,
you'll find the CPU, ROM, memory RAM expansion
slots, PCI slots, and USB ports. It also includes controllers
for devices like the hard drive, DVD drive, keyboard, and
mouse. Basically, the motherboard is what makes
everything in your computer work together.

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