You are on page 1of 8

Protection functions

Voltage-restrained overcurrent
ANSI code 50V/51V

Generator protection against close
short-circuits.

Description

DE50746

The voltage-restrained overcurrent protection function is used to protect generators.
The operation set point is adjusted according to the voltage to take into account
cases of faults close to the generator which cause voltage dips and short-circuit
current:
b the protection function is three-phase and has a definite or IDMT time delay
b the customized curve, defined point by point, may be used with this protection
function
b an adjustable timer hold, definite time or IDMT, can be used for coordination with
electromagnetic relays and to detect restriking faults
b the set point is adjusted according to the lowest of the phase-to-phase voltages
measured. The adjusted set point I*s is defined by the following equation:
U
----- ×  4 ------I*s = Is
- – 0.2


3

Un

Tripping curve
Definite time (DT)
Standard inverse time (SIT)
Very inverse time (VIT or LTI)
Extremely inverse time (EIT)
Ultra inverse time (UIT)
RI curve
IEC inverse time SIT / A
IEC very inverse time VIT or LTI / B
IEC extremely inverse time EIT / C
IEEE moderately inverse (IEC / D)
IEEE very inverse (IEC / E)
IEEE extremely inverse (IEC / F)
IAC inverse
IAC very inverse
IAC extremely inverse
Customized

Set point adjustment.

3

Timer hold
Definite time
Definite time
Definite time
Definite time
Definite time
Definite time
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time or IDMT
Definite time

DE50841

Block diagram

SEPED303001EN - 01/2013

173

20 b Very inverse (VIT) and IEC VIT/B: 0.47 b IEEE moderately inverse: 0.4. (1) Under reference conditions (IEC 60255-6).24 to 154. inverse (EIT) and IEC EIT/C: 0. (3) Only for standardized tripping curves of the IEC.5 In y Is y 2.13 to 15.5 In y Is y 24 In expressed in amperes IDMT 0.61 to 75.57 b IEEE extremely inverse: 1.Protection functions Voltage-restrained overcurrent ANSI code 50V/51V Characteristics Settings Measurement origin Setting range Tripping curve Setting range Is set point Setting range Main channels (I) / Additional channels (I’) See previous page Definite time 0.4 In expressed in amperes ±5 % Accuracy (1) Resolution 1 A or 1 digit Drop out/pick up ratio 93.75 b IAC extremely inverse: 1.5 s or TMS (2) Accuracy (1) Definite time ±2 % or from -10 ms to +25 ms IDMT Class 5 or from -10 ms to +25 ms Resolution 10 ms or 1 digit 3 Advanced settings Timer hold T1 Setting range Resolution Definite time IDMT time (3) 10 ms or 1 digit 0.05 to 300 s 0. (2) Setting ranges in TMS (Time Multiplier Setting) mode b Inverse (SIT) and IEC SIT/A: 0.01/2013 .07 to 8. reset variance of 0.73 to 90.32 b IAC inverse: 0.5 to 20 s Characteristic times Operation time Overshoot time Reset time Pick-up < 35 ms at 2 Is (typically 25 ms) Inst. 50 ms y T y 300 s IDMT 100 ms y T y 12.34 to 42.86 b IEEE very inverse: 0.015 In) Time delay T (operation time at 10 Is) Setting range Definite time Inst.08 to 134. 174 Matrix b SEPED303001EN .08 b IAC very inverse: 0.04 to 4.42 to 51.5 % (with min. < 50 ms at 2 Is (confirmed instantaneous) (typically 35 ms) < 50 ms < 50 ms (for T1 = 0) Inputs Designation Protection reset Protection inhibition Syntax P50V/51V_x_101 P50V/51V_x_113 Equations b b Logipam b b Outputs Designation Syntax Equations Logipam Instantaneous output (pick-up) P50V/51V_x_1 b b Delayed output P50V/51V_x_3 b b Drop out P50V/51V_x_4 b b Phase 1 fault P50V/51V_x_7 b b Phase 2 fault P50V/51V_x_8 b b Phase 3 fault P50V/51V_x_9 b b Protection inhibited P50V/51V_x_16 b b x: unit number.33 b Very inverse (LTI) and IEC LTI/B: 0. IEEE and IAC types.01 to 0.93 b Ext. 0.

: b t = f(I) curve for the phase overcurrent function b t = f(I0) curve for the earth fault function. the reasoning may be extended to other variables I0. DE50666 type 1 t type 1. The rest of the document is based on t = f(I).01/2013 225 3 . SEPED303001EN . etc. 20 In0 for the residual current channels). These 3 settings are made chronologically in the following order: type.2 T 1 1. The curve is defined by: b its type (standard inverse. e.) b current setting Is which corresponds to the vertical asymptote of the curve b time delay T which corresponds to the operation time for I = 10 Is. time delay T. the tripping time is limited to the value corresponding to 20 times the set point. BS 142 and IEEE C-37112. extremely inverse.2 depends on the type of curve selected. Name of curve Standard inverse time (SIT) Very inverse time (VIT or LTI) Extremely inverse time (EIT) Ultra inverse time (UIT) RI curve IEC inverse time SIT / A IEC very inverse time VIT or LTI / B IEC extremely inverse time EIT / C IEEE moderately inverse (IEC / D) IEEE very inverse (IEC / E) IEEE extremely inverse (IEC / F) IAC inverse IAC very inverse IAC extremely inverse Type 1. MT10911 t T Is I Definite time protection principle.) in accordance with standards IEC 60255-3. Definite time protection The tripping time is constant.g. etc. Is current. etc. the tripping time is limited to the value corresponding to the largest measurable value (40 In or 20 In0). very inverse. 2 1. Changing the time delay T setting by x % changes all of the operation times in the curve by x %. b if the monitored value exceeds the measurement capacity of Sepam (40 In for the phase current channels. IDMT protection The operation time depends on the protected value (phase current.Protection functions General Tripping curves Presentation of tripping curve operation and settings for protection functions using: b definite time b IDMT b timer hold. 2 1. 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 b when the monitored value is more than 20 times the set point. The tripping time for I/Is values less than 1. earth fault current. The time delay is started when the set point is overrun. 2 1. Operation is represented by a characteristic curve.2 10 20 I/Is IDMT protection principle.

x T p G  -----.0243 Moderately inverse Very inverse Extremely inverse     T A t d ( I ) =  ---------------------.795 0. to cover most applications: b IEC curves (SIT.Overfluxing (V/Hz) Where G = V/f or U/f 1 t d ( G ) = ------------------------.+ B × --p  I   β . RI.863 0.138 0. EIT) b IEEE curves (MI.× --α  ---I- – 1 β  I s RI curve Equation: 3 β 2.– C  β I  I   I   s s s Voltage IDMT tripping curves Equation for ANSI 27 .958 0.208 0.288 1.195 7.165 0. IEC curves Equation Curve type Coefficient values k α 0.100 0.922 0.33 0.5 1 2 s 226 SEPED303001EN .5 Standard inverse / A Very inverse / B Long time inverse / B Extremely inverse / C Ultra inverse k T t d ( I ) = -------------------.–1 V  s Voltage/frequency ratio IDMT tripping curves Equation for ANSI 24 .02 2 2 s IAC curves Equation Curve type Inverse Very inverse Extremely inverse Coefficient values A B 0.023 3.–1   -- I  β 0.638 C 0.64 0.– C  ---I.236 --- I s IEEE curves Equation Curve type Coefficient values A B 0.Protection functions General Tripping curves Current IDMT tripping curves Multiple IDMT tripping curves are offered.090 0. IAC).241 0.004 0. VIT/LTI.297 0.Neutral voltage displacement T t d ( V ) = ---------------------V  -----.– C ---I.010 0.246 β 0.800 0.5 1 120 1 80 2 315.Undervoltage T t d ( V ) = --------------------V 1 –  ------  V s Equation for ANSI 59N .14 0.– 1 G  Curve type A B C p 0.620 D -0.092     T B E D t d ( I ) = A + ------------------.418 -1.098 5.+ ---------------------- x ----2 3 I ---. VI.1706  0.01/2013 .× -----------------I  – 1 3.97 1.+ ---------------------.339 – 0.02 13.787 E 0.808 1 1 T t d ( I ) = ----------------------------------------------------. EI) b commonly used curves (UIT.081 p 0.2 2.50 13.

2 r β β I 1 –  -----  Is T1 = timer hold setting (timer hold for I reset = 0 and TMS = 1) T = tripping time delay setting (at 10 Is) k b = basic tripping curve value at -----------------. Equation for IDMT timer hold curve T1 T T Equation: t ( I ) = ---------------------× --. b Timer hold may be inhibited if necessary. 3 Timer hold DE51630 The adjustable timer hold T1 is used for: b detection of restriking faults (DT curve) b coordination with electromechanical relays (IDMT curve). Customized tripping curve PE50157 Defined point by point using the SFT2841 setting and operating software tool (application menu). factor shown as T/β in the equations on the left.5 s.01/2013 227 .General Tripping curves Protection functions Setting of IDMT tripping curves. Customized tripping curve set using SFT2841 software. 13. There must be at least one point on the horizontal coordinate 10 I/Is. It offers between 2 and 30 points whose coordinates must be: b increasing on the I/Is axis b decreasing on the t axis.5 ----. Timer hold dependent on current I. It serves as a reference point to set the function time delay by curve shifting.× TMS where TMS = -------.– 1 Is The IEC curve of the VIT type is positioned so as to be the same with TMS = 1 or T = 1.= TMS . I 1. Constant timer hold. operating time at 10 x Is b TMS factor. The two end points define the curve asymptotes. Example. SEPED303001EN .where --.. time delay T or TMS factor DE51629 The time delays of current IDMT tripping curves (except for customized and RI curves) may be set as follows: b time T. α 10 – 1 DE50754 DE50755 Detection of restriking faults with adjustable timer hold.5 T Example: t ( I ) = --------------. this curve may be used to solve all special cases involving protection coordination or installation renovation.

This setting is determined taking into account the constraints involved in discrimination with the upstream and downstream protection devices.5 Is. On the standard curve of the same type. Theoretically. In the column that corresponds to the type of time delay. determine the time delay setting T. The time delay T corresponds to operation at 10 Is on the curve. Given the type of IDMT. line I/Is = 3. tk) on the operation curve.15 s 228 SEPED303001EN .g. The time delay setting to be used so that the operation curve passes through the point k (Ik. read the operation time tsk that corresponds to the relative current Ik/Is and the operation time Ts10 that corresponds to the relative current I/Is = 10. Problem 2.01/2013 . tk) is: T = tk/k. The discrimination constraint leads to the definition of point A on the operation curve (IA. Example Data: b type of time delay: standard inverse time (SIT) b set point: Is b a point k on the operation curve: k (3. the Is current setting corresponds to the maximum continuous current: it is generally the rated current of the protected equipment (cable. tk) is: ts tk T = Ts10 × --------tsk MT10215 Problem 1. e. tk k tsk Ts10 1 Ik/Is 10 I/Is Another practical method: the table below gives the values of K = ts/ts10 as a function of I/Is. determine the Is current and time delay T settings. read the value K = tsk/Ts10 on the line for Ik/Is. the point that corresponds to the maximum fault current for the downstream protection device. the Is current setting and a point k (Ik.858 = 2. Given the type of IDMT. The time delay setting to be used so that the operation curve passes through point k (Ik. transformer).3 Protection functions General Tripping curves Implementing IDMT curves: examples of problems to be solved.5 therefore K = 1. 4 s) Question: What is the time delay T setting (operation time at 10 Is)? Reading the table: SIT column.858 Answer: The time delay setting is T = 4/1. tA).

171 1.200 0.571 0.828 0.571 5.808 0.049 1.078 1.529 0.060 1.000 0.828 0.751 1.248 (1) Values suitable only for IEC A.692 0.504 1.600 4.500 0.250 4.033 1.026 1.895 0.176 3.885 0.633 0.000 33.606 157.442 15.430 0.898 0.5 0.126 1.700 (1) 90.641 0.812 0. Question: What is the operation time for the current IA = 6 Is? Reading the table: VIT column.864 0.643 0.000 (1) 471.473 1.786 IEEE VI (IEC/E) — 136.929 0.261 1.068 1.981 0.5 0.541 4.600 8. On the standard curve of the same type.212 1.941 0.000 10.861 0.543 2.571 8.5 0.5 0.000 18.840 0.678 34.0 0.0 0.938 0.981 0.101 1.334 0.888 0.993 0.325 1.0 0. read the value K = tsA/Ts10 on the line for IA/Is.336 3.912 0.811 0.0 1.482 0.065 1.932 4.610 1.000 6.712 0.784 0.792 0.033 9. In the column that corresponds to the type of time delay.786 1.308 0.290 19.396 1.370 1.896 0.924 3.847 0.321 1.016 1.099 1. B and C curves.827 0.0 1.874 0.0 0.0 1.213 1.479 10.787 0.125 1.534 2.885 0.581 0.946 55.772 200.811 0.473 15.375 3.5 0.777 1.289 1.402 1.524 2.720 0.0 1.226 122.898 1.460 1.555 0.957 0.792 0.265 0.188 0.836 0.692 12.144 1.491 1.286 1.5 1.211 1.960 0.270 3.893 0.763 0.063 7.056 1.996 0.016 1.512 8.236 1.686 1.589 13.070 1.112 1.871 0.967 0.0 — — — 1.858 3.121 4.008 1.152 2.819 0.929 0.777 0.5 5.788 18.869 0.110 1.910 0.891 0.959 0.882 0.000 0. The operation time tA for the current IA with the Is and T settings is tA = tsA x T/Ts10.617 1.977 0.912 0.540 0.461 11.087 1.900 0.979 0.857 0.0 2.676 3.492 1.918 0.503 0.972 0.441 2.925 0.5 1.858 0.5 0.5 0. SEPED303001EN .819 0.146 1.891 2.778 0.817 0.527 0.509 2.0 3.667 0.613 1.727 0.473 IAC I IAC VI IAC EI 62.365 17.800 4.109 10.200 1.000 1. LTI EIT and IEC/A and IEC/B and IEC/C 1.754 12.600 0.573 0.5 0. very inverse.826 0.963 0.796 0.616 0.638 13.799 0.125 5.135 1.161 1.500 2.870 0.548 6.264 1.687 16.631 0.013 1. extremely inverse).817 0.5 1.178 9.000 0.000 0.852 0.0 1.594 0.610 2.519 0.414 16.526 1.224 1.2 12.941 0.000 0.882 0.546 14.146 2.307 18.133 4.261 20.899 36.514 0.053 1.949 0.971 0.939 0.790 0.905 0.966 0.228 1.616 2.880 0.981 1.825 11.801 0.390 9.490 21.848 62.281 1.849 0.655 0.932 0.800 0.653 2.062 2.882 0.390 23.858 0. find the operation time for a current value IA.805 0.906 11.399 1.518 0.0 1.857 3.44 s.621 0.839 3.507 3.539 7.238 9.983 0.976 0.077 1.988 0.376 9.137 1.548 67.804 0.486 0.463 0.834 0.000 1.285 0.973 0.191 1.903 3.000 1.402 2.492 0.1 24. line I/Is = 6.572 0.228 65.609 0.970 0.744 1.166 1.80 x 0.385 6.042 1.905 179.536 0.303 1.324 18.143 5.275 19.514 0.019 1.362 0.589 0.736 1.545 0.170 1.273 1.172 82.843 0.01/2013 UIT RI — — 545.385 1.628 17.695 0.Protection functions General Tripping curves Problem 3.055 1.8 Answer: The operation time for the current IA is t = 1.691 35.5 2.000 3.792 1.249 2.8 s.200 2.829 6.508 14.5 1.500 12.035 1.337 1.081 1.608 14.791 23.382 10.188 1.0 1.394 0.784 0.126 1.007 1.761 0.8 = 1.797 0.872 3.272 45.413 3.968 0.288 2.979 0.054 1.031 1.798 0.471 0.190 2.746 0.985 0.818 0.742 4.105 1.023 1.359 2. Given the Is current and time delay T settings for a type of time delay (standard inverse.5 1.676 3.667 0.969 0.450 2.824 0.489 0.554 0.305 1.800 2.870 0.831 0.750 0.000 0.429 (1) 1.0 0.021 1.954 2. ts Example Data: b type of time delay: very inverse time (VIT) b set point: Is b time delay T = 0.000 2.233 1.704 0.000 225.922 0.214 0.004 1.964 IEEE MI (IEC/D) — 22.990 0.0 0. Another practical method: the table below gives the values of K = ts/Ts10 as a function of I/Is.905 0.199 6.877 0.841 0. the operation time tA for the current IA with the Is and T settings is tA = K .783 0.784 0.947 0.078 1.5 1.170 1.474 0.950 0.044 1.0 0.246 0.475 0.5 0.344 17.682 0. T.806 0.846 0.0 0.788 0.868 0.067 1.907 0.893 0.879 0.973 0.555 1.0 0.860 0.400 1.292 1.901 45.132 1.977 0.465 4.388 16.770 0.026 1.974 0.5 0.000 0.837 0.792 8.947 0.784 IEEE EI (IEC/F) — 330.5 1.965 0.513 5. therefore k = 1.851 0.216 1.504 0.005 19.985 0.934 0.169 7.777 5.076 1.059 1.0 0.164 1.857 0.636 2.800 1.671 2. read the operation time tsA that corresponds to the relative current IA/Is and the operation time Ts10 that corresponds to the relative current I/Is = 10.427 1.421 13.970 6.855 0.792 0.563 0.607 1.290 1. tA T 3 tsA Ts10 1 IA/Is 10 I/Is Table of K values I/Is SIT VIT.242 2.920 0.000 79.566 6.400 7.229 0.450 229 .000 0.

00 t (s) 10000.10 1 10 100 SEPED303001EN .00 MT10207 MT10206 IEEE curves 1000.00 I/Is 0.01/2013 .00 EI 10.00 I VI 100.00 1.00 1.Protection functions General Tripping curves Standard inverse time SIT curve Extremely inverse time EIT curve Very inverse time VIT or LTI curve Ultra inverse time UIT curve DE50870 DE50869 RI curve 3 IAC curves t (s) 1 000.00 EI MI VI 10.00 100.10 I/Is 1 230 10 100 0.