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NON-ROUTINE PROBLEM

Year : 2

Learning outcome : Solve problems involving multiplication within 2, 3, 4 and 5

times in real life situations.

Question 1:

Alfie buys a model car and a model plane to make. The car has two sets of 17

stickers and the plane has three sets of 15 stickers.

How many stickers are there altogether?

1. Understand the problem

A model car and a model plane

Model car – 2 sets ( 1 set – 17 stickers )

Model plane – 3 sets ( 1 set – 15 stickers )

Total of all the stickers for both of the models

**2. Device the plan
**

Draw the diagram

3. Carry out the plan

17

STICKERS

17

STICKERS

15

STICKERS

17

STICKERS

17

STICKERS

1st SET

2nd SET

1st SET

2nd SET

3rd SET

( 17 stickers x 2 ) = 34

( 15 stickers x 3 ) = 45

34 stickers + 45 stickers = 79 stickers #

4. Check the answer

Use the inverse method : Addition

Multiplication

79 stickers – 45 stickers = 34 stickers

34 stickers / 2 = 17 stickers

45 stickers / 3 = 15 stickers

Substraction

Division

Year : 4 Learning outcome : Solve subtraction and addition problems up to 100 000 Question 2: Marissa loves to collect bottle caps. If Marissa gives away 50 500 bottle caps for recycling. She has 26 750 bottle caps. Device the plan Draw the diagram . how many bottle caps does she have now? 1. Understand the problem Marissa has = 26 750 bottle caps Her sister gives = 37 500 bottle caps She gives away = 50 500 bottle caps 2. Her sister gives her another 37 500 bottle caps.

Check the answer Use the inverse method : Addition 13 750 + 50 500 = 64 500 64 250 – 37 500 = 26 750 Substraction .3. Carry out the plan Marissa has 26 750 bottle caps Her sister gives 37 500 bottle caps 50 500 bottle caps Recycle 26 750 bottle caps + 37 500 bottle caps = 64 250 bottle caps 64 500 bottle caps – 50 500 bottle caps = 13 750 bottle caps 4.

h x base. Understand the problem Area of a small box is 1 cm There are 8 boxes for the base There are 6 boxes for the height 2.QUESTION 3(b) INVESTIGATION IN MATHEMATICS Year : 5 Learning outcome : calculating the area of composite-two dimensional shape (triangle) Question 1: 1 cm 1 cm DIAGRAM 1 Calculate the area of triangle in Diagram 1 1. Carry out the plan Height. h = 1cm x 1cm x 8 = 8 cm Base.b = ½ x 8 cm x 6 cm = 24 cm . Device the plan Using the formula of the area of triangle 3. b = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6 cm Area of triangle = ½ x height.

4. h? x 6 cm 24 cm = 3 cm Height. Check the answer Area of triangle = ½ x height. h x base. b = 24 cm / 4 cm = 6 cm OR 24 cm = ½ x height. b? 24 cm = 4 cm Base. h = 24 cm / 3 cm = 8 cm .b 24 cm = ½ x 8 cm x base.

Check the answer . Calculate the volume of water in the container in cm³. cm² x height. Question 2: The area of the base of a cuboidal glass container is 720 cm². Understand the problem The area of the base of the container = 720 cm² The height of the container = 24 cm ¼ is filled by water Find the volume of the water in cm³ 2. ¼ of the container is filled by the water. Carry out the plan 720 cm² 24 cm 720 cm² ¼ filled by water The height.h of filled water = ¼ x 24 cm = 6 cm Volume of cuboid = Area of base.Year : 5 Learning outcome : Solve problems involving volume of composite 3-D shapes. Device the plan Use the diagram Use the formula of volume of the cuboid 3. The height of the container is 24 cm. cm = 720 cm² x 6 cm = 4 320 cm³ 4. 1.

h of filled water = 4 320 cm³ / 720 cm² = 6 cm QUESTION 3(c) .The height.

30 and a piece of cake is RM 0. Understand the problem Price of the orange juice : RM 1. If the juice is RM 1.30 Price of a piece of cake : RM 0.80. how much does she spend to buy the drink and the cakes for five days? 1.80 Siti buys 2 pieces of cakes every day Total of money she spends for 5 days 2. Carry out the plan ITEM QUANTITY PRICE PER ITEM TOTAL . Question 1 : Siti buys a glass of orange juice and two pieces of cakes at her school canteen every day. Device the plan Use a table Use the diagram 3.APPLICATION Year : 1 Learning outcome : Solve simple problem involving money in reallife situations.

90 Price per piece of cake = RM 1.30 RM 1.60 / 2 = RM 0.80 Year : 1 Division .90 x 5 = RM 14.50 4.80 RM 1.90 Price for 5 days = RM 2.30 2 RM 0.90 Price of orange juice and two pieces of cakes per day = RM 2.50 / 5 = RM 2. Check the answer Use the inverse method : Multiplication Price per day = RM 14.60 ORANGE JUICE CAKE TOTAL RM 2.1 RM 1.

Device the plan Draw the diagram 3.Learning outcome : Solving problem in real life situation using addition and substraction with the highest number is 10. Carry out the plan subtract subtract 10 candies – 3 candies – 3 candies = 4 candies 4. Understand the problem Ahmad buys = 10 candies He gives to his brother = 3 candies He gives to Shikin = 6 candies 2. He then gives 3 candies to his brother and another 3 candies to Shikin. Question 2 : Ahmad buys 10 candies at Ah Seng shop. Check the answer Use inverse method : Substraction Addition . How many sweets that he has now? 1.

Ahmad’s candies = 4 + 3 + 3 = 10 candies QUESTION 3(d) GAMES .

Device the plan Use the table 3. Question 1 : In a football tournament. lose 2 times and 1 tie match. Adam’s team win 2 match.Year : 2 Learning outcome : Solving problem involving multiplication within 1 to 5 and addition also substraction. 5 points will be given to the team that is win for the match. Carry out the plan . lose for one time and 1 tie match. The team that is lose will get 1 point and for the tie match. 2 points will be given. Understand the problem Win = 5 points Lose = 1 point Tie = 2 points Imran’s team = Win : 3 times Lose : 1 time Tie : 1 time Adam’s team = Win : 2 times Lose : 2 time Tie : 1 time 2. the rules in order for a team to be a winner is by getting the highest points. What is the difference between both of the team’s points? 1. Imran’s team has won 3 matches.

Team Win Points Lose Points Tie Points Imran 3 3 x 5 = 15 1 1x1=1 1 1x2=2 Adam 2 2 x 5 =10 2 2x1=2 1 2x2=4 Imran’s team = 15 + 1 + 2 = 18 Adam’s team = 10 + 2 + 4 = 16 Differences between both teams = 18 – 16 = 2 points # 4. Check the answer Use the inverse method : Addition Imran’s team = 2 points + 16 points = 18 points Year : 1 Substraction .

Jiah. is given 9 balls. Carry out the plan . If Team A can throw 4 balls into the basket and Team B cannot get 5 balls to get into the basket. Fida.Learning outcome : solving problem in real life involving addition and substraction Question 2 : Fida. Iylia and Syira are in Team A while others are in Team B. Device a plan Use the diagram 3. find the total of the balls that both team can throw into the basket. Mira and Fare love to play a game. All of them are divided into 2 groups which contain 3 people in each group. Iylia. Understand the problem Team A can throw into the basket = 4 balls Team B cannot throw into the basket = 5 balls The total of balls that both team can throw into the basket? 2. 1. They have to throw the balls into a basket. Syira. In the game.

Red ball = can throw into the basket Yellow ball = cannot throw into the basket Team A Team B The balls that can be thrown by team B = red ball = 4 balls The total of the balls that can be thrown by both teams = 4 + 4 = 8 balls # 4. Check the answer Using inverse method : Addition The balls that can be thrown by team B Substraction =8–4 = 4 balls QUESTION 2(a) .

Price for 6 apples and 10 oranges is RM 13. If the price for each of the 2 apples is RM 1.55 QUESTION 2(b) .50 = RM 8.50 ÷ 10 = RM 0. What is the price for 3 oranges? Solution : REFER TO THE REALIA Price for an apple = RM 1.50 Price for an orange = RM 8.50 Price for 6 apples and 10 oranges = RM 13 Price for 10 oranges = RM 13 – 6 apples = RM 13 – RM 4.50.75 Price for 6 apples = RM 0.85 x 3 = RM 2.75 x 6 = RM 4.85 Price for 3 oranges = RM 0.50 ÷ 2 = RM 0.

The balance of the pencils are divided equally to Siti.Cikgu Kassim has 176 pencils. Calculate the pencils that Siti gets. Tan and Shanti. Gives to Siti Cikgu Kassim’s pencils = 176 26 pencils Balance are divided Muthu Siti Tan Shanti Siti SOLUTION : . She gives 26 pencils to Muthu.

Balance = 176 – 26 = 150 Siti’s pencils = 150 ÷ 3 = 50 pencils # QUESTION 2(c) .

0.4 are green balls and others are blue and yellow balls.3 of the balls are red balls. green balls. 0.There is a box contains red balls. yellow balls and blue balls. How many balls are there in the box? Blue Yellow Red Green 0.4 2:1 3/10 4/10 2:1 Number of red balls is 17 more than blue balls 17 SOLUTION : 1 part of red = 17 balls 10 parts = 10 x 17 = 170 balls # QUESTION 2(d) . The sum of blue balls are twice the sum of the yellow balls. The number of red balls are 17 more than blue balls.3 0.

what is the total of money that Mahmud has? DIAGRAM 1 RM 30.00. Mahmud and Borhan have is RM 30.00 – RM 8.00 DIAGRAM 3 Mahmud Dahlan .00 Mahmud Borhan RM 30. The total of money that Jalil.Jalil has RM 8.00 = RM 22. The total of money that Jalil.00 DIAGRAM 2 RM 40.00.00. If the total of money that four of them have is RM 52.00 Jalil RM 8.00 Jalil RM 8.00. Mahmud and Dahlan have is RM 40.

00 – RM40.00 Jalil Mahmud Borhan Dahlan RM 52.00 .RM 52.00 = RM 12.

l .

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