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INDRODUCTION ABOUT SPINNING

The history of development in world textile industry was started in Britain as the
spinning and weaving machines were invented in that country. The textile industry in
traditionally. After agriculture is only industry that has generated huge employment for
both skilled and unskilled labor textiles. The textile industry continues to be the second
largest employment generating sector in India. It offers direct employment to over 35
million in country. India is the second producer but India will lead in all According to the
Ministry of Textiles. The sector contributes about 14% to industrial production, 4% to the
country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and 17% to countries export earnings. The share
of textiles in total exports was 11.04%during April to July 2010, as per the minister of the
textiles, it is estimated that India would increase its textile and apparel share in the world
trade to 8% from the current level of 4.5% and reach US$ 80 billion by 2020. During
2009to 2010, Indian textile industries was pegged at US$55billion, 64% of which
services domestic demand.
The textile industry occupies a leading position in the diarchy of the Indian
manufacturing industry. it has witnessed several new directions in the era of
liberalization. While textile exports are increasing and India has become largest exporter
in world trade in cotton yarn and is an important player of readymade garments, country’s
international textile trade constitutes a mere 3% of the total world textile trade. Several
mills have opted for modernization and expansion and are going in for export –oriented
units (EOUs) focused on production of cotton yarn. It has passed through cyclical
oscillations and at present, it is witnessing a recovery after a downturn.

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Of the industry volume of about 5 million tones, polyester and filament yarn account for
about 1.7 million tones, and acrylic, nylon, and viscose taken together for 3,00,000 tones.
The balance is represented by cotton textiles. A majority-some three fourths-of the textile
mills are in the private sector. a few of the units are in the co-operative sector with the
public sector (central and state) accounting for about 15% of the total.
The textile industry is classified into (1)textile mills comprising composite and
spinning mills in the organized segments,(2) small power loom and handloom units in the

India’s position in the world textiles economy second largest producer of raw
cotton.
 Second largest producer of cotton yarn.
 Second largest producer of cellulosic fiber/yarn.
 Second largest producer of silk.

INDUSTRY PROFILE
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Size of the Industry

Geographical distribution

Output per annum

1200 medium to large scale textile mills
in India

TamilNadu, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab,
Karnataka, Maharashtra

16% per annum growth rate and 1000
Million kg per annum

Percentage in world market

7% share in the global market

Market Capitalization

4% to the share of GDP

PRODUCTION
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the domestic cotton price was up to by 50% as compared to the December 2009 prices. wool and man – made fibers.India’s the second largest producer of fiber in the world and the major fiber produced in cotton. INDIAN TEXTILE POLICY Government of India passed the national textile policy in 2000 PROFILE OF THE COMPANY 4 . The rising prices are the major concern of the domestic producers of the country. The strong domestic demand and the revival of the economic markets by 2009 have led to huge growth of the Indian textile industry. jute. The cause’s being high cotton price is give to the floods in Pakistan and china. In December 2010. Other fibers produced in India include silk. India projected a high production of textile (325 lakh bales for 2010to11) there has been increase in India’s share of global textile trading to seven percent in five years. 60% of the Indian textile industry is cotton based.

2557332 Total Employees : 200 Tele fax : 91-451-2557225.office : 207/86. 2557532. Legal Form : Private Limited Company Regd. Dindigul Dist. Thaducombu.COMPANY PROFILE Legal Address : Kottaiyur.. Tirupur – 641 604.com Mail : ssmgroup@vsnl. Tamil nadu -624709.com VISION & MISSION OF THE COMPANY 5 . Agaram Village. 2557259 Website : www. Dindigul (tk). mangalam road. Phone : 91-451-2557329.ssmindia.

MISSION  We shall pursue world. Products. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 6 .VISION With a strong commitment to quality and customer satisfaction. Processes and Performance.class standards in our People. our vision encompasses the following:  To be one of the most admired textile companies which follows and supports sustainable environmental friendly processes right from cotton cultivation to Product distribution  To remain focused on developing Specialty and Technical products for safety and functional wear.

 To analysis the financial growth and development of PRABHU SPINNING MILLS (P) LTD. 7 .  To find out the problems in marketing the finished products. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY  Records given by the company may or may not be true .  To understand the functioning of the society.  To evaluate the performance of the unit in relation to different activities.  To provide employment opportunities to rural peoples.  Time is a major constraint in the study  Cooperation from the management side is not that much extent ORGANISATIONAL STUDY: The management system of the organization is well organized and divided into various departments as enlisted below.  To know where the raw materials are being purchased for the production department.

and the final shift starts from 11 P. This mill undergoes continuous 8 .VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS:        Purchase department Production department Human resource department Financial department Marketing department Quality control department Electrical Department PURCHASE DEPARTMENT It is a major department in the organization.M to 5 A. Daily production process is carried out under 3 shifts starts from 7 A.M is having one department supervisor and 2 masteries.M. Production dept is under the control of executive office production process is under the control of spinning master. then the second shift starts from 3 P.M to 11 P.M.M to 3 P. One masteries for spinning department another for both reeling and winding.

production process and process layout. sample purchase 2. Here insurance charges is also given by seller. Coming to the spot. In the sample type purchase the sellers have take over the lorry charges. spot purchase The company gets the sample from suppliers.S. The company purchase cotton from the local market at Thirupur. If the quality is good then the correct amount is paid by the Managing Director for the correct weight. purchase the purchase is done directly. But here the insurance amount payable by the company. The samples are given to the (SQC) Statistical Quality Control Department and they check the quality of the cotton. Karur. is 4%. quality &count. Erode. There are two types of purchase . The seller do not bear it. 9 . They are producing various types of counts such as 40’s 20’s 30’s etc. The cotton (or) raw materials are purchased according to its length. Production process is carried 115 workers.T. Here the purchase tax C. PURCHASE PROCEDURE The nature of business is textiles. because weight differs at the place of starting and the place of delivery. Coimbatore etc. Madurai. Managing Director and the Quality Controller check the Quality and buy the product. Salem. 1.

The charges has to be born by the buyer. 3. Purchase check invoice both in sample & spot purchase. Should convert candirate (355. TYPES OF COTTON  Mech-1  MCU-5  LRA  LK  S4  BCH32 FUNCTIONS 1. 10 . length. diameter & count by the cotton is written in the ledger books &also fed in the computer.61kg per candi) into quintal sute and get sign from Managing Director. 2. Weight.

The production department is depends upon the purchase and finance department.  Production manager 11 .4. After purchasing of raw material the next step is producing the good. PROUDUCTION DEPARTMENT Production department is one of the major department in the organization. Ledger invoice maintenance should be there. In this company the production department consist of.

 High range automatic utility machines.  Fabric raising machine.  Auto mechanical cutting for high productivity stitching seat capacity of 30 machines. Quality Control Officer Specialized in industrial fabrics and blankets for medical application. 8 – color printing unit. We have a world class stitching and finishing equipped with high utility imported sewing machines. Our processing division includes 150 fabric bleaching capacity with 105 inches. YARN PRODUCTION 1 2 3 12 .

4 5 6 7 8 9 1N E 0 1 D 13 .

MIXING Blow room Blow room LVS-I LVS-II carding comber drawing simplex spinning Auto coner packing 14 .

different varieties of cotton are mixed together in the required proposition. Drawing The drawing machines are used to improve uniformity of the sliver and to increase the parallisation of fibers 6 or 8 card on combed slivers are doubled and drafted as a single sliver. 15 . One godown supervisor to manage the godown he is the respondent of the stock of the raw materials.  To convert the lap into etp.  To remove naps and foreign matters to the maximum extend. Mixing The purpose of mixing is to prepare a homogenous blending of cotton. The lap passes through the feed roller and uncombed where it is comber well and short fibers are removed and collected as “noils” the cleaned web is condensed as sliver and deposited in cans.Godown It is a primary function of the concern the cotton bale will storage in the cotton godown. Comber The purpose of the comber is  To move the short fibers present in the material to maximum extend.

The material delivered is round on cone or cheeses which are driven by the drums. 132 samples are converted into thick threads of usual form and there are faded in 132 spindles. Silvers are used to join the ends and hence there will not be any spliced yarn in would on plastic or paper cones which are driven try the drums. The package are then stenciled with required details and kept in yarn godown. The roller cleans the materials and the rotor inserts twist in the yarn. Auto coner Here the ring cop changing takes place automatically clears arrest at the yarn faults to a great extent. The coner or chesses are converted by polythene bag. Packing Cones take from manual winder or auto corns have to be packed. 16 . The quality of the auto coner yarn will be for better than manual winder yarn.Simplex In the simplex there are floor Frances. The thick thread is referred to sampler bobbins. The number of coner in each packet will vary depending upon the requirement. Spinning This is a separate technology to spin coarse yarns. Draw frame slivers pass through the opening spinning rollers and rotor of the open end machine.

Variety of yarn produced by us includes compact yarn. carbon yarn and fancy yarn. kermal blended yarn. dyed polyester blended yarn. All these yarns are widely used in textiles.. sewing. 17 . mélange yarn. and are offered at highly competitive prices. weaving.Warehouse Warehouse mainly performs the following activities. Our range of yarn stands exceptional in terms of quality and durability.  Check the Cone  Recheck the Cone  Fold the Cone  Packing the Cone for Export PRODUCTS  Yarn 1. YARN We manufacture premium quality of yarn in different diameters and in long and continuous length. knitting. embroidery etc.

Via the owner creation. government financial institution and other business. rising utilizing and controlling of funds used in the business. FUNCTION OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT The major function of finance department is follows  Estimating the king term and short requirements of capital  To decide the sources from which funds are to be processed  Effective utilization of funds through judicious investment In various assets  Proper disposal of surplus between retained earnings 18 . investor.FINANCE DEPARTMENT MEANING AND SCOPE OF ACCOUNTING Accounting is nothing but a means of communicating the result of Business operations to various parties interested in or connected with the business. Communication accounting also serves this purpose accounting is not only associated with business but also with everybody who is interested in keeping on account for the money received and money spend. Financial management may be define as planning.

FUNCTIONS 1 Maintaining of leave register 2 Salary and wages allocating (weekly for Night Monthly and over time) 3 Maintaining the ESI. 5 Maintaining the good relationship between employer and employees. safety service activity etc. Therefore personnel management is planning. 19 . 4 Marinating the workers health. organizing. directing and controlling the performance of those operation functions. gratuity etc. MAN POWER PLANNING Manpower planning is the process by which a management determines how an organization should move from its current manpower position to tits desires manpower position. Through planning a management strives the right places and at the right time to do the things which results both in the organization and the individual receiving the maximum long range benefit.HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT INTRODUCTION The personnel function is companied with the procurement development compensation and integration and maintain of the personnel of an organization for the purpose of accomplishing organization goal. provident fund.

STRUCTURE OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT General manager labour Welfare office Head time keeper Shift time keeper Supervisor Clerk Worker 20 .

TRAINING Training is the processes increasing the knowledge and skills for coinage particular Job. evaluating obtaining and commitment from candidates and orienting new employees to fill position required for the successful conduct of the work of an organization. Off the job training Training offered at locations away from the job is designated as off-the-job training. In this training the senior employees provide training to the newly employed persons by means of demonstration of work. It is an organized procedure by which people learn knowledge and skill for a define. METHODS OF TRAINING The company provides training for the two types 1 On the job training 2 Off the job training On the job training On the job training means the training given inside the organization. Job Rotation 21 .RECRUITMENT The purpose of a recruitment function includes seeking out.

22 . he will be award with the price of pack for his full attendance. Leave facility Per month = 3 Days (For workers) 1 Day (For staffs) Weekly one day leave for every workers on the basis of shift. Canteen This company provides the canteen facility to workers.Under this trainee is shifted from one job to another for the purpose of gaining knowledge and capacity in the entire department. Wages and salary The company may follow different methods of payment system 1 Contract on daily worker 2 Agreement especially the women workers 3 Monthly salary can be provided for the workers. Bonus for workers If the workers work for 26 days in month.

Rest room and lunch room Suitable shatter restroom and lunchrooms with provisions for drinking water is provided for drinking water is maintained in the company. This mill provides buses for both male and female workers. The room is provided with sufficiently lighting ventilation and kept cool and clean conditions. Overtime allowance It workers work again the time limit double the amount of their salary is given to them. MARKETING DEPARTMENT 23 . Transport facility: Transport facility is main infrastructure which helps to timely attendance of employees.

Collections of raw material from different places and transferring the good for value or money FUNCTIONS OF PHYSICAL SUPPLY Functions of physical supply are transportation and storage or ware housing that is The former is the physical movement of god form one place to another or caring of the 24 . services and ideas to create exchanges with target groups that satisfy customer and organizational objectives”. pricing and promotion and distribution of goods. “Marketing management is the process of planning and executing the conception. According to Philip kotler. organizing.Marketing management may be defined as the process of panning. directing ad controlling the activities relating to the marketing of goods and service to satisfy the wants of customers. FUNCTIONS OF MARKETING The marketing functions may be classified broadly into the three categories as follows:  Functions of exchange  Functions to physical supply  Facilitating functions FUNCTION OF EXCHANGE Functions of exchange are buying assembling and selling of the products that is purchase of raw materials.

Reduce the cost of market coverage. these function performed by the intermediary ensure market coverage.goods and the later is the process holding and processing goods between the time of their purchase or production and the time o their sale. and increased end user conveniences. They may include facilitating sales by helping the consumer buy even when he or she does not have cash (through financing plans. The facilitating functions include financially supporting the marketing chain by investing in storage capabilities. And so for producing the cloth the yarn is 25 . the need for the cloth also increases as it is one of the basic essentials for man. The marketing department in PRABHU SPINNING MILLS (P) LIMITED sold the products in north India and even in Tamilnadu.. FACILITATING FUCTIONS Although often confused with logistics the facilitating functions of intermediaries supplement the entire marketing flow of the product and are separate from logistics. purchase agreements. ADVERTISEMENT & SALES PROMOTION: As the population is increasing day by day.) Together. Etc. increase the availability of cash flow in the distribution channel.

DIRECT MARKETING: Promotional activities include presentations. Free Samples: Free samples are also provided so that customer may get an idea about the quality and excellence of SIVARAJ spinning mill Agents: Direct marketing is done through agents. As part of sales there have not been any high advertisement but providing the high quality yarn is one of the promotions that the company is getting. There has been a steady increase of the demand for the yarn. INDIRECT MARKETING: Agents: 26 . II. Indirect Marketing. Presentations: These are given to customer in Perl continental Hotel and other different Places etc. I. Apart from all these have been quotations for sales and all which will be classified in two ways. Direct Marketing. products of SIVARAJ Mills (P) limited are displayed in an exhibition (Frankfurt). In each country a display center has been established names as CMD (concept marketing design). In Germany.required. free samples.

PRODUCT SELLLING PROCESS: There will be quotations and all which will be got from various companies and thereby the company will be choosing the best quotation and there by the yarn will be delivered to them. Apart from these SIVARAJ SPINNING MILLS (P) LTD will be playing the major role as they will be taking initiative for selling they yarns. Magazines. 27 .Indirect marketing is done through agents. ADVERTISING:      Sign Board. Print Media. Has direct contact with agents who deal with customers on behalf of SIVARAJ Mill. E-mail and post mail. The agents make arrangement between both the party’s buyers and sellers. Calendar and diary. The agents received commission for their services.

Workshop maintain Workshop maintenance production machine welding machine repairing grinding both machine civil work maintenance building and float Ledger maintenance Log book –reading is taken once in 2 hrs and it will be return in log book. The p[person who is appointed should have “super wiser completion certificate” given by electricity of government. Delivery report note If there is a stoppage in production it must be noted in daily report note. Motor maintenance ledger For lubrication (grease) is applied and it is noted in register Transformer 28 .ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT Common duties 1)erecition 2) Installation 3) Operation 4) Maintenance There are about 5 transformers with 3 face Rules for adopting power house In every company there should be two wireman.

The order may be both in oral or written 29 . quotation will call for 3. If the spare parts are needed the information is passed on to the store keeper then to the managing director Procedure for purchasing the materials 1.Oil is applied and is noted down. Purchase order is performed on the basis of less value and more quality. Switch board maintenance ledger Switch maintains and repaired it also noted in the ledger. Generator maintenance Generator spare parts consciously checked and if there is any problem it is to be noted in this register Inventory control or stores department This department is important department were this spare parts for the machine are stored here the spare parts are purchased control unit spare parts are for blow room guarding drawing comber simplex spinning winding and packing electrical department etc. at the same time quality of products quotation will be selected and it will be signed by the managing director Enquiry is done through letters and phones.. Analyzing all quations and findings the lowest price. indentbis raised first 2.

After receiving the materials are allocated according to their department and it will be issued to the concern department the daily consumption or issues are entered in the daily store issues or consumption note book. issue register If the ordered materials are received then the received goods are oriented in the store receipt book or inward register here the payment will be done through cash and cheque. Month wise or year wise issue register is maintained. Cost wise 2.The purchasing of the raw materials are noted and written in the register There are two types of register 1. Here closing stock is calculated as by follows. purchase register 2. 1. Ledger maintenance According to issues two types of ledger maintenance are here They are 1. Blow room 30 . Item wise Daily purchase report is maintained in the store it is done manually. Closing stock status is taken for one year.

Carding C1/2 anc c1/3 machine tool are purchased 3. Cone winding All cone winding machines spare parts like stitching thread gunny bags etc are purchased packing. Combers Ribbon lab silver lab tools 5.E (open end) All spares are purchase for open end department.NSC Trumoc L.R are the tools purchased for blow room 2. O. 6. Prepatory Do/2(drawing) Do/6 drawing machine tools are purchased 4. Spinning PJ5-G5/1 Taxmaco textool (5hs) machine tools purchased for the spinning department. 7. All packing materials should be purchased QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT 31 .

 To ensure whether the product conforms to the predetermined standards and specification and whether it satisfies the needs of the customers.  Access the varies technique of quality of control method and process of production and suggest improvement in them to be more effective.  To develop the improvement in the varies or section manufacturing unit.MEANING: The quality may be defined as the sum of chromatics and attributes of a certain product of an active which go to make it to the people for whom it is the sum total of theirs characteristics and attributer that determine the demand or utility or price or an object. DEFINITION: According to professors waiting fine and zero quality is an expression of the measured properties conditions or characteristics or specification and application that is involve. QUALITY CONTROL: 32 .  The quality of the product deviation from the specification it should be possible to locate the reason for deviations and tale necessary remedial steps so that the deviations do not recur. OBJECTIVE OF THE QUALITY CONTROL:  The access of the quality of raw material semi finished goods and finished products at varies stages of production process.  Suggest suitable improvement in the quality or standard of goods product without much increase or no increase in the cast of production.

QUALITY PARAMETERS: Count hank No. thinner once are thin facts that are more than 20% of the standard diameter is called naps. CONTROL ACTIVITIES QUALITY: Testing is required quality parameters in the raw materials in 2 process material and final yarn. THIN & NEPS: The fault in the yarn that are thicken the standard diameter is called as thick. Quality control is an overall function to ensure that manufacturing products meet specifications. of 850 yards present in 116 of the material is called as count higher the number. 116-455 grams Uniformity. thinner will be the yarn. THICK. STRENGTH: 33 . these parameters is an index the events of yarn.To production in change has to maintain level of quality. It defers and variation from the set of standard quality.

maturity will be tested. For raw material (cotton) To the quality raw material the length. For finished goods (yarns) To check the quality of yarn the following test will be conducted.count strength product). Examples of Count – 30 Shear strength 80 Ibs Then CSP count*strength = 30*80 2400 Quality control is the most important section in the company the mills adopting many techniques in order to check quality cotton as well as the yarn.The strength of the yarn is assessed by measuring the lead at which is the yarn break (CSP . strength and moisture. FINDINGS 34 .

 Records and registers are maintained properly.  In adequate training facilities in textile sector.  The company own ISO 9001-2000 certificate for producing good quality of production.  Technologically backward textile processing sector.. There is good relationship between employers and employees.  For delivery transportation and they have own vehicles. utility road transport etc. 35 . SUGGESTIONS  Innovation in machines should be used for weaving process for improving quality.  Infrastructure bottle necks in terms of power.

 To given more remuneration to senior employees for job satisfaction. The company provides various Training and facilities to improve their skills and knowledge of the employees.  To regular employees keeps attendance properly improving job specialization.  To provide bus facilities to all employees for keeping proper time and regular interval. If they are needed. The study that the to know the process of production for BALE to COTTON YARN 36 . provide accommodation to all employees for working convenient. CONCLUSION PRABHU SPINNING MILLS (P) LTD to a large extent are concerned with training and development of the personals of the organization.

37 .also know the employees working method. shift timing and labour allocation of various department.