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QUICK LIFTING

JACK

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QUICK LIFTING JACK


PROJECT REPORT
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of diploma
in
Mechanical Engineering
Submitted to:

Submitted by

Polytechnic Education & Training Institute, TERii,


Kurukshetra

Haryana State Board of Technical Education, Panchkula

2016-2017

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
S.NO.

TOPIC

PAGE
NO.

CANDIDATES DECLARTION

CERTIFICATE

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ROLE AND
RESPONSIBILITIES

PERSONAL ENGINEERING
ACTIVITY

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

10

LITERATURE REVIEW

11

MAIN COMPONENTS

15

MANUFACTURING PROCESS

23

10
11
12
13

WORKING PRINCIPLE
BILL OF MATERIAL
ADVANTAGES

27
28
29

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14
15

APPLICATIONS
CONCLUSION

29
30

CANDIDATES DECLARTION

I hereby certify that the work which is being presented by Rahul


kumar, Pankaj kumar, Prem lal murmu, Amar kumar, Raja
dashrath in partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of
degree of DIPLOMA. in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING submitted
at TERII INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY under PANCHUKULA,
BOARD, HARYANA, KURUKSHETRA is an authentic record of
my own work carried out under the supervision of Er. RAHUL SIR
and (HOD) Er. BHUSAN LAL ARORA.
Rahul kumar
[13100171452]
Pankaj kumar
[13100170064]
Prem lal murmu [13100170069]
Amar kumar
[13100170010]
Raja dasharath
[13100170074]

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CERTIFICATE

This is certify that the dissertation entitled QUICK LIFTING JACK


by RAHUL KUMAR, PANKAJ KUMAR, PREM LAL MURMU, AMAR
KUMAR, RAJA DASHRATH,

submitted to the Department of

mechanical

TERII

engineering,

KURUKSHETRA in the
award of

Institute

Of

Technology,

partial fulfillment of requirement for the

Degree of DIPLOMA of

Technology in mechanical

engineering is a record of bonafide work done by him under my


supervision and guidance during the session 2016-17. This work
has not been submitted to any other university or institute for the
award of any degree or diploma.

Mr...RAHUL

Dept. of mechanical
engineering

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all we would like to thank our project guide


Mr. ...................... Assistant Professor, Mechanical
engineering Department, Kurukshetra University who has
given valuable support during the course of our project by
clarifying our doubts and guiding us with her novel ideas.

We would like to thank Prof. .........................., Head of


department,
mechanical
engineering,
PUNCHKULA
BOARD HARYANA.

We
extend
our
sincere
thanks
to
our
Dean .................................... Department of mechanical
engineering for giving us this wonderful opportunity to
work in desired area of interest.

We extend our sincere thanks to all teaching staff of


mechanical engineering department, those who helped
us in completing this project successfully.

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Lastly we also thank the people who directly or indirectly


gave us encouragement and support throughout the
project.

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Role and Responsibilities


My roles and responsibilities includes:
Prepare a requirement document to reach expectations of
project and to come up with functionalities which are needed
to be implemented.
Documentation of expected output for various aspects with
accepted margin error was also documented.
To design overall system based on workflow requirements.
Discussion with the project guide and Head of Department
on ways to improve the design and to optimize performance.
Choosing suitable components and methods based on the
configurations availability and requirements.
Testing and remedies.
Recommendations

As a trainee mechanical engineer, I wanted to work on a


project work that would showcase my engineering
knowledge. I got the opportunity to work on QUICK
LIFTING JACK. This project was very important as it
evaluated my skills and talents in my company.

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PERSONAL ENGINEERING ACTIVITY

As a mechanical engineer, before undertaking any task I


checked the feasibility of the project. In this project, my
role is as team members. This report provides an insight
into the design and fabrication of a QUICK LIFTING JACK.
I wanted to know more details of the project before
commencing; hence, I researched the topic thoroughly by
referring to journals and articles online. Additionally, I
obtained more information by taking references about the
topic.

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ABSTRACT

This project work titled FABRICATION OF QUICK LIFTING JACK


WITH GEAR ARRANGEMENT has been conceived having studied
the difficulty in lifting the any type of light vehicles. Our survey in
the regard in several automobile garages, revealed the facts that
mostly some difficult methods were adopted in lifting the vehicles
for reconditioning. Now the project has mainly concentrated on
this difficulty, and hence a suitable device has been designed.
Such that the vehicle can be lifted from the floor land without
application of any impact force. The fabrication part of it has been
considered with almost case for its simplicity and economy, such
that this can be accommodated as one of the essential tools on
automobile garages.

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INTRODUCTION

This device the quick lifting jack with gear arrangement for
automobile garages has been developed to later the needs of
small and medium automobile garages, who are normally man
powered with very minimum of skilled labors. In most of the
garages the vehicles are lifted by using screw jack. This needs
high man power and skilled labors. In order to avoid all such
disadvantages. This, motorized hydraulic jack has been designed
in such a way that it can be used to lift the vehicle very smoothly
without any impact force. The operation is made be simple that

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even an unskilled labor can handled, by just demonstrating the


working of the motorized hydraulic jack once.

LITERATUE REVIEW

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In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical sectional


elevation of the angles to Fig. 1.
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In the main, the two" constructions are substantially alike, but a


material difference appears particularly in connection withtlie
means for engaging the gears and holding the same as against a
reverse movement of the handle or lever and also for holding the
screw in the standard except when it is purposely lifted up or out,
as will presently appear.
In detail, the parts comprise a standard A Y which has longitudinal
channels or grooves '2 inside, and a screw B with a pin a through
its lower end having its ends engaged in said grooves and serving
to guide the screw on 'straight lines vertically but preventing end
rotation in the standard, as formerly. There are also two miter
gears C and D, the gear C being internally threaded and mounted
upon the screw B, and the said screw and gear adapted to be
raised within the standard to any desired elevation or to be lifted
bodily off and out if desired. Ordinarily, in use, when the ,jack is
brought to a vehicle to apply it to the axle, a quick' adjustment of
the parts is made by lifting the screw with gear C bodily up to
about the elevation wanted and the gear is then run down and
seated in operating position on the standard in mesh with the
gear D. This affords a quick and easy adjustment to an axle rather
than awaiting the slow method of jacking up the screw by or
through the lever H. Gear G rests directly upon the top of the
standard, which serves as a bearing therefore, and the gear D is
supported upon. a short spindle or shaft E, shown as removably
secured into the upper elevation at right other important function.
End of the standard and having the handle H rotatably mounted
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the reon outside of the pawl and ratchet teeth and the jack is
.raised or lowered according as the pawl is set to work at one end
or the other. As to these features, it need only' be said that they
are acknowledged to be present in my patent above referred .to,
but a present description thereof is' deemed necessary in order
that the associated novelty in this case may be understood.

In the said patent means are provided for frictionally locking the
gears and holding them in any position to which they may be
hold, as for example, when the jack is being raised. Then the
handle is raised as far as may be convenient and depressed to do
the lifting. However, if the jack be without a load, the tendency is
for the gears to work too easy and they will run back with the
direction of the' handle and no real progress is made in jacking up
the screw. To prevent this result I employed a split ring or spring L
in my said patent, which was mounted on shaft E and. bore
against the hub of gear D and served the purpose of holding said
gear 1 firmly enough to prevent backward rotation when the lever
was making its idle or reverse stroke,-but I found that I could
perform this function as well by an arrangement of spring which
would enable it to perform still an To this end I have provided the
jack with a substantially flat spring L which has its lower end
affixed to the standard A at a on the opposite side from gear D
and its 'free end' projecting upward and reversely turned with
something turned by the lever pending the moment when the
lever is reversed to get another of a shoulder or tooth shaped
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projection 72 formed by bending the said spring rather sharply at


said point and adapting the said bent portion 1) to bear against
the hub of gear C with . Sufficient tension or pressure to
frictionally hold the said gear. and prevent backward rotation
when the handle is making its idle stroke in order to get a grip.
This construction and arrangement of the spring serves identically
the same purpose as the spring L in the-patent aforesaid, but has
the further advantage and value of holding the gear C u on the
'standard A when other- Wise it woul fall out.
It has already been observed that the screw and gear 0 can be
bodily withdrawn from the standard, and which was the case also
in the above patent, but I have found that entire freedom in this
respect is not desirable and that it were better to have a
temporary connection so that ordinarily the parts will be held
together, but can be separated at will.
To this end, the hub of gear C is provided with an annular shoulder
or groove 9 which produces a shoulder, and in or upon which the
tooth like projection b of spring L engages. and serves to lock the
said gear with the standard temporarily as against its being drawn
OE, and a ard 9 corners the spring in said groove.
4 or rather hook shaped extreme it y of the spring with the finger
the parts may be readily disengaged when it is desired to
withdraw the gear and screw. Thus the said spring performs two
important functions by reason of up by engaging the curve seas-

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7e this arrangement, and a material improvement of the jack is


obtained.
What I claim is: v In a lifting jack, a standard and a lift screw
mounted thereon and adapted to be bodily raised in respect
thereto, .a nut member for said screw adapted to rest upon said
standard and to be lifted apart there for quick adjustment of the
nut member upon said screw, means on said standard separably
engaged with said nut member to cerate the same in a given
direction, and a friction device form nut member to prevent back
rotation thereof upon idle movements of said operating means,
said device and nut member having self-separable 'engaging
portions to permit-the screw to be lifted by one hand while
adjustment of the nut member may be had by the other hand. In
testimony whereof I a flinty signature in presence of two
witnesses

MAIN COMPONENTS

FRAME
BEVEL GEARS
HANDLE
LIFTING ROD
BEARING

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GEARS

Bevel gears are gears where the axes of the two shafts
intersect and the tooth-bearing faces of the gears
themselves are conically shaped. Bevel gears are most
often mounted on shafts that are 90 degrees apart, but
can be designed to work at other angles as well. The
pitch surface of bevel gears is a cone.
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Two important concepts in gearing are pitch surface and


pitch angle. The pitch surface of a gear is the imaginary
toothless surface that you would have by averaging out
the peaks and valleys of the individual teeth. The pitch
surface of an ordinary gear is the shape of a cylinder. The
pitch angle of a gear is the angle between the face of the
pitch surface and the axis.
The most familiar kinds of bevel gears have pitch angles
of less than 90 degrees and therefore are cone-shaped.
This type of bevel gear is called external because the
gear teeth point outward. The pitch surfaces of meshed
external bevel gears are coaxial with the gear shafts; the
apexes of the two surfaces are at the point of intersection
of the shaft axes.
Bevel gears that have pitch angles of greater than ninety
degrees have teeth that point inward and are called
internal bevel gears.
Bevel gears that have pitch angles of exactly 90 degrees
have teeth that point outward parallel with the axis and
resemble the points on a crown. That's why this type of
bevel gear is called a crown gear.

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Frame:
Frame is carries an all parts of the machine, It is made up
of mild steel.

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Handle:
A handle is a part of, or attachment to, an object that can
be moved or used by hand.
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Bearing:
A bearing is machine element which supports another
moving machine element. The moving machine element
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is known as journal. Bearing permits a relative motion


between the contact surfaces of the members, while
carrying the load. A certain amount of power is wasted in
overcoming frictional resistance. In order to reduce
frictional resistance and wear and to carry away the heat
generated, lubricant may be provided. The lubricant used
is usually a mineral oil refined from petroleum. The
bearing block is used to hold the bearings. It is made up
of cast iron. All the bearings are fitted on the machine
frame. A bearing is machine element which supports
another moving machine element.

Bolt:
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A screw, or bolt, is a type of fastener, typically made of


metal, and characterized by a helical ridge, known as a
male thread (external thread) or just thread, wrapped
around a cylinder. Some screw threads are designed to
mate with a complementary thread, known as a female
thread (internal thread), often in the form of a nut or an
object that has the internal thread formed into it. Other
screw threads are designed to cut a helical groove in a
softer material as the screw is inserted. The most
common uses of screws are to hold objects together and
to position objects.
A screw will almost always have a head on one end which
contains a specially formed shape that allows it to be
turned, or driven, with a tool. Common tools for driving
screws include screwdrivers and wrenches. The head is
usually larger than the body of the screw, which keeps
the screw from being driven deeper than the length of the
screw and to provide a bearing surface. There are
exceptions; for instance, carriage bolts have a domed
head that is not designed to be driven; set screws often
have a head smaller than the outer diameter of the
screw; J-bolts have a J-shaped head which is not designed
to be driven, but rather is usually sunk into concrete
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allowing it to be used as an anchor bolt. The cylindrical


portion of the screw from the underside of the head to
the tip is known as the shank; it may be fully threaded or
partially threaded.[1] The distance between each thread
is called the "pitch".
The majority of screws are tightened by clockwise
rotation, which is termed a right-hand thread; a common
mnemonic device for remembering this when working
with screws or bolts is "righty-tighty, lefty-loosey." Screws
with left-hand threads are used in exceptional cases. For
example,

when

the

screw

will

be

subject

to

counterclockwise torque (which would work to undo a


right-hand thread), a left-hand-threaded screw would be
an appropriate choice. The left side pedal of a bicycle has
a left-hand thread.
More generally, screw may mean any helical device, such
as a clamp, a micrometer, a ship's propeller or an
Archimedes' screw water pump.

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MANUFACTURING PROCESS
PIPE CUTTING:
Pipe cutting, or pipe profiling, is a mechanized industrial
process that removes material from pipe or tube to create
a desired profile. Typical profiles include straight cuts,
mitres, saddles and midsection holes.

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WELDING:Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins


materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing
fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metaljoining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which
do not melt the base metal. In addition to melting the
base metal, a filler material is often added to the joint to
form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools
to form a joint that can be as strong, or even stronger,
than the base material. Pressure may also be used in
conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce a weld.
Although less common, there are also solid state welding
processes such as friction welding or shielded active gas
welding in which metal does not melt.
Some of the best known welding methods include:
Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) - also known as
"stick welding or electric welding", uses an electrode
that has flux around it to protect the weld puddle.
The electrode holder holds the electrode as it slowly
melts away. Slag protects the weld puddle from
atmospheric contamination.
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Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) - also known as TIG


(tungsten,

inert

gas),

uses

non-consumable

tungsten electrode to produce the weld. The weld


area is protected from atmospheric contamination by
an inert shielding gas such as argon or helium.
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) - commonly termed
MIG (metal, inert gas), uses a wire feeding gun that
feeds wire at an adjustable speed and flows an
argon-based shielding gas or a mix of argon and
carbon dioxide (CO2) over the weld puddle to protect
it from atmospheric contamination.
Flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) - almost identical to
MIG welding except it uses a special tubular wire
filled with flux; it can be used with or without
shielding gas, depending on the filler.
Submerged

arc

automatically

welding

fed

(SAW)

consumable

uses

electrode

and

an
a

blanket of granular fusible flux. The molten weld and


the

arc

zone

are

protected

from

atmospheric

contamination by being "submerged" under the flux


blanket.
Electroslag welding (ESW) - a highly productive,
single pass welding process for thicker materials
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between 1 inch (25 mm) and 12 inches (300 mm) in


a vertical or close to vertical position.
Many different energy sources can be used for welding,
including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron
beam, friction, and ultrasound. While often an industrial
process, welding may be performed in many different
environments, including in open air, under water, and in
outer space. Welding is a hazardous undertaking and
precautions are required to avoid burns, electric shock,
vision damage, inhalation of poisonous gases and fumes,
and exposure to intense ultraviolet radiation.
Until the end of the 19th century, the only welding
process was forge welding, which blacksmiths had used
for centuries to join iron and steel by heating and
hammering. Arc welding and oxyfuel welding were among
the first processes to develop late in the century, and
electric resistance welding followed soon after. Welding
technology advanced quickly during the early 20th
century as the world wars drove the demand for reliable
and inexpensive joining methods. Following the wars,
several modern welding techniques were developed,
including manual methods like SMAW, now one of the
most popular welding methods, as well as semi-automatic
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and automatic processes such as GMAW, SAW, FCAW and


ESW. Developments continued with the invention of laser
beam welding, electron beam welding, magnetic pulse
welding (MPW), and friction stir welding in the latter half
of the century. Today, the science continues to advance.
Robot welding is commonplace in industrial settings, and
researchers continue to develop new welding methods
and gain greater understanding of weld quality.

WORKING PRINCIPLE
The quick lift jack is a device used for lifting heavy loads
by the application of much smaller force. The working
principle of a quick lift jack may be explained with the
help of Fig. Consider a two bevel gears arrangement.

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Quick lift jacks and much other technological


advancement such as automobile brakes and dental
chairs work. Handle is used to rotates the bevel gear
arrangements. Jack arrangement i.e. lifting rod will be
fixed to bevel gear. Clockwise rotation of handle, jack will
rotates upward motion and anti clockwise rotation of
handle, jack will rotates downward motion.

BILL OF MATERIAL
BILL OF MATERIALS

SERIAL
NO.

NAME

QUANTITY RATE(Rs.)

TOTAL
AMOUNT
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1.

FRAME

2.

HANDLE

3.

BEVEL GEARS

4.

BEARING

5.

BOLT

6.

WELDING
TOTAL AMOUNT SPENT

Rs.2500

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ADVANTAGES

Quick lift of vehicles.


Low man power using.
Low cost automation.
Maintenance cost is very low.
Easy to install
Less in weight

APPLICATIONS

Implementation in automobiles.
Lifting four wheeler vehicles.
Implementing in industries for lifting machines

CONCLUSIONS
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After completing the project, conclude that our project is


simple in construction and compact in size for use.
Manufacturing of machine is easy and cost of the
machine is less.

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