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1.

Diagram 5 shows three students investigating a phenomenon of sound wave by standing at


position L, M and N. A signal generator and a speaker is set next to the corner of the building.
The investigation is carried out by changing the frequency of the signal generator and the three
students are assign to listen to the sound transmit by the speaker begin with a frequency of 586
Hz.

(a) (i)

(ii)

What type of wave is the sound wave?


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[1 mark]
As the frequency of the signal generator increases only one student can still hear the
sound clearly. Which of the student is able to hear the sound clearly?
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(iii)

(b)

Give one reason for your answer in a(ii)?


___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

The speed of the sound wave in air is 330 ms-1.


Calculate the wavelength of the sound wave.

[2 marks]
(c)

On the space below sketch a graph to present a change of sound wave from high pic sound
to low pic sound with constant loudness.
[2 marks]

2.

(a)

Diagram 12.1 shows a guitar with strings of different thicknesses. Sound is heard when the
string is plucked. Sound waves are longitudinal waves.

Diagram 12.1
(i)

What is the meaning of longitudinal waves?


[1 mark]

(ii)

State ONE different between the propagation of longitudinal waves and tranverse
waves.
[1 mark]

(iii) What changes need to be done so that the sound produced by the guitar is louder and
of higher pitch? Explain your answer.
[3 marks]
(b)

Diagram 12.2 shows a system for transmission of radio signals from a radio station to a
radio set user.
2

Diagram 12.2
Table 12 shows the characteristics of four waves R, S, T and U.
Type of
waves

Speed in air

Wavelength

Energy
dissipated

Effect of ionosphere on wave

3 108 ms-1

105 to 103

More

Penetrates the ionosphere

3 108 ms-1

103 to 10-1

Less

Reflected by the ionosphere

330 ms-1

10-3 to 10-4

More

Penetrates the ionosphere

330 ms-1

10-1 to 10-2

Less

Reflected by the ionosphere

Table 12
You are required to investigate the characteristics of the waves described in Table 12.
Explain the suitability of each characteristic of the waves for transmission of radio signals.
Determine the most suitable wave to be used and explain your choice.
[10 marks]

(c)

Diagram 12.3 shows a ship in fog near a cliff. When the ship sounded its horn with a
frequency of 100 Hz, the ships receiver system recorded its echo 4 seconds later.
[Speed of sound waves in the air = 330 ms-1]

Diagram 12.3
Calculate
(i)

The wavelength of the sound waves produced by the horn

(ii)

The distance of the ship from the cliff

[2 marks]
[2 marks]
(iii) If the stopping distance for the ship is 500 m, will the ship collide with the cliff?
[1 mark]
END OF QUESTION PAPER

SKEMA