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ART APPRECIATION

Examples of Dances
Modern Dance
1. Dorie Duncan:
Modern Dance
2. Martha Graham

ART

Visual

Performing
Arts

Types of Visual Arts


1. Paintings
2. Sculptures
3. Architecture
- Architecture
is
considered to be the
highest visual art form
Types of Performing Arts
1. Music
2. Dance
3. Theatre (Film/Drama)
- This type of performing
art is different as we
question, who is the real
artist behind it? Is it the
artist/director/actor/
scriptwriter?
Examples of Performing Arts
1. Nessun Dorma (None Shall
Sleep) by Luciano Pavarotti
2. Madame Butterfly (Puccini)
3. Broadway: Mis Saigon
4. Flower Duet by Lakme
5. Diva Dance: 5th element by
Eugenia Laguna
6. Broadway: Les Miserables
7. Bang Bang (Pop Art) by
David Guetta

Mother

of

Examples of Film
1. Food: Breakfast
Examples of Visual Arts
Examples of Sculptures
1. ACURUS:
Free
standing
sculpture: Youth
GREECE: Where the cult of the
young boy started
- Androginous
2. NUDE vs NAKED (Female
body)
Examples of Paintings
1. White
Center
or
Rockefeller
by
Mark
Rothko
Price: 72, 840, 000
- Abstract
painting
completed in the year
1950
- The painting was sold on
MAY 2007 by Sothebys
on behalf of David
Rockefeller
- Buyer: Royal family of
Qatar
- This painting set the
record as the most
expensive post-war work
of art sold at auction
2. Massacre of the Innocents
by Peter Paul Rubens
Price: 76,529,058
- Depicts
the
Massacre of the

3.

Innocents
at
Bethlehem
There
are
two
versions of the
painting
17th
century:
painting is part of
the collection of
Leichenstein
Collection
in
Vienna, Austria
1920: sold to an
Austrian family
1923: loaned to
Stift Reichersberg,
a monastery in
northern Austria
2001: Sothebys in
London
Buyer:
Kenneth
Thomson

Au Moulin de la Galette by
Piere- Auguste Renoir
Price: 78,100,000
- Dance
at
Le
Moulin
de
La
Galette
- Found
at
the
Musee dOrsay in
Paris
- Impressionist
painting
- 1879
to
1894:
Painting belonged
to
Gustave
Caillebotte
then belonged to
the
French
Republic

4. Water Lily Pond by Claude


Monet
Price: 80,379,591

Monet is a French
Impressionist
June
2007:
Painting was sold
at the Sothebys
auction in London
One of the most
recognized
and
celebrated works
of the 20th century
and
is
hugely
influential to many
artists

5. Portrait of Dr. Gachet by


Van Gogh
Price: 82,500,000
- Dr. Gachet was the
one who took care
of
Van
Gogh
during the final
years of his life
- There
are
two
versions
6. Triptych by Frances Bacon
Price: 86,281,000
- Bacon is an Irishborn artist
- He is known for
painting large size
paintings:
triptychs
7. Adele Bloch Bauer II by
Klimt
Price: 87,936,000
- Also known as the
Woman in Gold
- The painting is
made of oil and
gold on canvas
- Donated
to
Austrian
State

Gallery
as
a
request by Adele
Currently
June
2006: painting was
bought by Ronald
Lauder for the
Neue Gallery in
New York City

8. Dora Maar au Chat by Pablo


Picasso
Price: 95,216,000
- Dora Maar the
painters lover
- Painting was sold
at 1963 but was
never shown until
the 21st century
- 2005-2006: Owned
by the Gidwitz
family of Chicago
- Sold at the 2006
Sothebys auction

The
painting
features
the
mistress of Pablo
Picasso:
MarieTherese Walter
Part
of
the
personal
collection of art
collectors Sidney
and
Frances
Brody
in
Los
Angeles
It is now in the
Tate Modern in
London

ART VALUE is based on


1. Provenance
-Who first acquired the art
2. History
-History
of
the
artwork/artist
3. Artist

9. Garcon a la Pipe by Pablo


Picasso
Price: 104,168,000
- Painted in 1905,
Pablo Picasso was
24 years old
- Oil on canvas
- Provenance:
Painting was first
bought by John
Hay Whitney in
1950
- May 2004: Sold at
the
Sothebys
auction
10. Nude, Green Leaves and
Bust by Pablo Picasso
Price: 106,482, 500

4. Place
-Where the artwork was
placed

PAINTINGS,
DRAMAS

SCULPTURES,

80,000
30,000 Venus
(Vienna, Austria)

of

Willandoff

Elements of Sculpture
1. Subject
- Who/What is the subject of the
sculpture?
2. Medium
What was used to make the
sculpture?
Marble, wood, copper, granite
Addition or substraction?
Technique
3. Texture
4. Place
ART
1. Prehistoric Art
2. Classical Art (Greece
Rome)
3. Medieval Art
4. Renaissance Art

The Erotics of Art


Nude vs Naked by John Berger

The CLIENTS that bought


the he paintings were rich
men
WOMEN were the subjects
(Nude
women)
(objectified
What was practiced during
this period of time?
HEGEMONY
- The power of the rich and
powerful men over the ones
who could not afford to buy
paintings or sculptures of
naked women

TIME FRAME
150,000 Humans evolved

What does the ART depict?


1. History
2. Culture
Ancient Art
The very first sculpture was
found in Northeast of
Austria: HUNTER VALLEY
in the Village of Willandoff
Venus of Willandoff
Price: $60,000,000
Modern world is dominated
by unrealistic images of the
human body
Can be a symbol for
Fertility/Motherhood
Principle of Exaggeration
The Venus of Willandoff was
made during the NOMADIC
LIFESTYLE
Red, Limestone
Over exaggeration of Parts
Explanation
of
Professor
Ramachandran
- The brain of the humans in
relation to the seagulls
- Herringall Theory
Eygptian Art

Unrealistic images of the


body
There was a SET form of art
(standards)
19 feet tall, 2 feet wide, 1
square of the center
More
detailed
and
ORGANIZED

Art
did
not
change
throughout time
TWO DIMENSIONAL
Signature of the Pharoah:
Cartouche
Polykleitos: Dimensions of
Egyptian body

Italian Art
Stefano:
Found
sculptures underwater

Greek Art

Realistic
type
of
art:
Depicting the human body
KRITION
BOY
(TOO
REALISTIC)
Greeks used the eyes and
focused on thee detail of
the eyes
Greeks were not satisfied
with reality
Greek Sculptures
Small scale sculpture (small
figurines)
Greek Art adopted Egyptian
Art

SCULPTURES
1. Venus of Willendorf
Red
Vienna
Limestone
2. Venus of Lespugue
France
Mammoth ivory
23, 000 BC
3. Female Figurine
Egypt
Bone

3700 BC
4. Khephren
Protected by a hawk
Diorite
2500 BC
5. Akhenaten
Long neck
Unflattering accdg to experts
Egypt
Sandstone
1350 BC
6. Nefertiti
Right profile
Limestone
Painted
Egypt
1340 BC
7. Tutankhamun
King Tut
The Boy King
Egypt
Gold, glass, obsidian and quartz
Valley of the King
Nese: Cloth on had of pharaoh
1327 BC
8. Krition Boy
Marble
Greece
480 BC
9. Riace Warrior
Bronze: molds
Greece
450 BC
clay wax clay heat (wax
melts bronze
10. Greece: Disclobos
Distance thrower
Myron

Marble
Greece
Symbol of sport
450 BC
11. Asia: Kneeling Archer
Terracotta
Archer
China
8000 Terracota Warriors
constructed to protect
emperor
Life size
W/ bow and arrow

No hands
Seductive stature
100 BC
Medusa complex: if you see a
person with disability, you are
forced to look

the

Dynasties:
1. Sia
First dynasty of China
2. Shang
3. Zhou
Warring dynasty
- Confucious
- Lao Tsu
- Mi Tsu
4. Cin
- United China
- Start of Great Wall of China
- Kneeling Archer
- Terracotta Warriors were made
for protection
5. Han
6. Sui
7. Tang
8. Song
9. Yuan
10. Ming
end of Great Wall of China
11. Qing
12. Republic
13. Mao Zedong
12. Greece: Venus de Milo
Alexandros of Antioch Greece
Ideal body of a female
Epitome of female body
Marble

13. Seated Couple


Mexico
Teracotta
50 AD
14. Stirrup Spouted Bottle
Peru
Teracotta
50 AD
15. Maitum Anthromorphic Jars
Teracotta
Philippines
110 AD (1992)
Sarangani
Burial jars
National museum
Conservative Filipinos
16. Krishna Battling the Horse
Demon
Keshi
India
Teracotta
440 AD
17. Buddha Preaching the law
Sandstone
India
485 AD
18. Cuevas los Amanos
Hand stencils
Painting on walls of a cave
1100s
19. Acrobatic Dancer
Paint on Limestone
Egypt

1280 BC
20. Symposion Seene
Plaster
475 BC
Symposion: = drinking spree
males
rich houses
Game: aim at the wall using
chalice
Seated on couches
Adolescent and adult couple
GREEK DRAMA
- Tragedy was more popular
than Comedy
Thespis
Father of theater
One character
Sopochles
Most famous playwright
Introduced
the
3rd
character
Oedipus cycle/Theban plays
* Oedipus Rex
* Oedipus at Colonus
* Antigone
Medias Res: begin at the middle
OEDIPUS REX
Thebes
* Kingdom of Queen Jocasta and
King Lauis
* Oracle with a prophecy
- Their child (Oedipus) will kill the
king and marry the queen
Corinth
*
Where
shepherd
brought
wounded baby
* King Polybus and Queen
Merope/Periboea
* Adopted Oedipus

* Oracle with prophecy


Oedipus
left
Corinth
because of prophecy
He killed his own father on
an encounter in the forest
Plague in Thebes
* Riddles
* Sphinx (Due to the reason that
the killer of King Lauis was not yet
found)
Oedipus Married Queen
Jocasta (Oedipus Complex)
Queen
Jocasta
hanged
herself
Oedipus gouged his eyes
- because of foreseeing the
future, his life became
miserable
Aeschylus
- Introduced
characters

the

two

Agamemnon
* Trojan war setting
* BUT really happened after Trojan
war
* Cassandra
- Oracle (must be a virgin)
- Mistress of Agamemnon
Clytemnestra
- Agamemnons wife
- Aegisthus (lover)
- Killed Agamemnon and
Cassandra
- Because
Agamemnon
sacrificed one of their
daughters for the wind to be
favorable
Euripides
Electra
* Daughter of Agamemnon and
Clytemnestra

*
Killed
Clytemnestra
and
Aegisthus
* Love for her father (Electra
Complex)
Medea
* First play wherein character was
not Greek
* Orient (from Asia)
* Jason
Greek
Travelled to Asia
Seduced
and
married
Medea
* Creon
King of Greece
Asked Jason to marry his
niece
Jason remarried
* Medea killed everyone
Even her own children
To save them from the misery of
living without a father
* Medea was sentenced to death
Saved by the gods (Intervention)
Deux ex machine
* god of the machine
* chariot from heaven
Roman Plays
Seneca
Actors were slaves
Violet
Emperors used plays for
their entertainment

MEDIEVAL AGE
Emperor Constantine
Moved the Roman Empire
from West to East
The Roman Empire was from
Italy
to
Constantinople:
Istanbul
Byzantine Period
Artists were unknown
Beginning of Icons
Theme: Remove the icons
from the realism of the world
and remove the mundance
things
NO round or free standing
sculptures
Renaissance Period
1. Space
2. Color
3. Detail
Rafael,
Michaelangelo,
Leonardo, Donatello
Donatello is a sculptor
Rafael back to Pagan
beliefs (back to classical
period)
Art Works
1. School of Athens
Plato and Aristotle
Rafael
2. Madonna on the Rocks
Leonardo
3. Mona Lisa
Leonardo
4. Madonna and Child
Rafael