You are on page 1of 26


Electrical Distribution Company

Two communication media between meter
and server are applicable in our company
“EDCo – Jordan”, The target is to discuss
the advantages and dis-advantages of
using a such grid of AMR/AMI based on a
different communication media :


inbound systems involved programming meters to send in readings at periodic rates–typically daily–sometimes called bubble-up networks. allowing adequate data transfer with modern telephony technology.History : Automated meter reading (AMR) technology dawned primarily between the mid-'80s and early 1990s. In the beginning. Walk-by/drive-by solutions are used still for AMR data collection where radio frequency (RF) modules chirp their readings periodically and a device. there were three primary options:   (1) walk-by/drive-by solutions. dial-up. A few of these solutions have evolved. inbound systems. (3) two-way. particularly at commercial accounts. either handheld unit. (2) one-way. picks up the data when nearby. predominantly still used for small batches of meters rather than entire service territories. . These used consumer phone lines. One-way. radio technology or one-way. Dial-up phone systems are straightforward and use a computer to dial modems attached to electric meters. legacy power line carrier (PLC) signals transmitted over the utility's distribution lines. phone-based solutions.

Advanced metering can be implemented with different levels of intelligence associated to the meter. improve meter-reading accuracy. . Typically three types can be distinguished.Introduction Utilities now look at the deployment of AMR/AMI systems to reduce the operating costs. in order of increasing interaction level and feature contents. eliminate manmade errors. and improve efficiency through demand management.

weekly. such as time stamps.Illustrations   AMR (automated meter reading) is a remote reading system based on an advanced technology that permits utilities to read electronic meters over long distances. are through various connection media being transmitted to a central system for billing and analysis. AMI systems can be defined as an extension of the simpler AMR-system.  AMI (Advanced Metering Infrastructure) refers to systems that measure.   AMM (automatic meter management) or smart metering is another expansion of a remote reading system that includes the possibility of performing technical measurements and functions and carrying out customer-oriented services. and data management system. the energy consumption can be read on an annual. communication media. Consumption and status data. Through AMR. read and analyses energy consumption. . The automatic data collection enables billing based on real time consumption as opposed to an estimated consumption. software. daily or on an hourly basis. The AMI always communication two-way and comprises the whole range of metering devices.

data concentrators. and computers that are able to store and to process received information.AMR/AMI systems components    Electrical meter: An electronic device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to a residence or business. It is electrically fed and composed of electronic controllers. . Communication system: A communication system needs to be implemented in order to transmit data and to control the different signals between the remote device and the central office. Central office: Equipped with a system which includes receivers. modems. It has an interface which allows data to be transmitted from the remote terminal to the central device.

pinpointing losses. etc. Billing done mainly on estimated/ monthly average basis Inability to monitor and control discrete loads Billing cycle requires excessive time. Energy Audits performed based on bill collection which is highly inaccurate. .Challenges and Obstacles before “AMR & AMI”:         Highly Person dependent. energy audit. cannot help in analysis like demand analysis. Meter data used only for billing. Human errors cannot be avoided. Accessibility of meters in rural/ Agricultural zones.

and power consumption reports can be fully automated and made available to customers.  Automated Billing: Once the metering data is available at the utility company premises. hourly for example. on the web for example. voltage and current imbalances.Smart meters solutions:  Real time Pricing: Customers are charged tariffs that vary over a short period of time. It helps customers control their consumption and helps utility providers to better plan for the energy market. Provide an in-depth study of the real time pricing. Power quality involves the measurement of voltage sags. billing. under and over voltages. swells. and record duration of each event. harmonics distortion.  Load management: This is another industrial area that will be . acknowledgement of received payments.  Power quality measurement: The electric utility engineers need more detailed readings than KWH so that they can efficiently plan the network expansion and deliver a higher quality of supply.

with a two communication medias . AMR/AMI network reliability will be discussed a head . definitely enables many sophisticated services . propose an algorithm that involves two steps: outage locating and outage confirmation through meter polling.  Remote Connect/Disconnect: The utility provider can remotely and quickly configure the meter to enable or disable energy to certain customers. Liu et al. Generally.   What AMR/AMI can offer is not limited to what have been mentioned in above. Outage notification: This offers an effective way to improving response time.

EDCO Projects in AMR/AMI systems .

1.AMR Project deboned on a Power Line Carrier (PLC) .

EDCo diced to use Power Line Carrier (PLC) for communication purpose to reduce any capital or operational cost for this pilot project. .“was chosen where the losses exceeds 60%”. high losses had been noticed in our electrical grid of certain areas.  With the load growth.  An experimental sample -Jordanian village. the pilot project of (250) single phase meter. (20) three phase meter and (2) three phase meter CT operated.Introduction The beginning of smart meters application was an AMR with PLC which had took a place successfully in our company “EDCo” as a pilot project.

The PLC system consists of:    Meter Built-in PLC Module Meter communicate with Concentrator directly Concentrator communicate with Master Station .

PLC system advantages. Without doubt the extent of this existing infrastructure cannot be matched by any other telecommunication technologies that are available today and PLC have many international standard DLMS.  . every room has power line contact points installed. IEC. obstacles and regulations PLC System advantages :  By using existing cable infrastructure PLC system eliminates the need for installation and maintenance of dedicated communication links. Already every building or household is connected to the electrical power grid and moreover.

power factor correction banks and circuit breaker operation.PLC system Obstacles:  As the electric power distribution lines were not originally designed for communication purposes as a result they exhibit highly variable and unpredictable levels of channel noise. . much of this noise is filtered by distribution transformers. On the low voltage network. so the most common interference in low voltage domestic networks can be attributed to the various household devices and office equipment connected to the network. signal attenuation and distortion Noise and disturbances (Major Obstacle):  Common causes of noise on the high voltage electrical power networks include corona discharge.

it takes more than 24 Hours to read all the data and sometimes we don’t get any reading from some meters (10-12%).Result In our project PLC system with about 200 PLC meters. .

2-AMI Project deboned on a GPRS .

The cost issue plays a key factor in replacing traditional metering system with AMI system. it becomes also very difficult to retrieve the required data without transformers’ switching off.  EDCo decided to use AMI system to settle down this case through the pilot project with AMI & GPRS reducing all risks of PLC. The price of AMI is mainly determined by the costs of the hardware.The price of AMI system is still at a level where it usually cannot be applied widely to all customers. (95) single phase meter. the regular meters were hanged up on the top of power transformers suspended to a wooden pole. . the installation and the communication infrastructure and the running cost.Introduction A hazard area on the Jordan Valley itself where the losses exceeded 75%. (225) three phase meter and (60) three phase meter with CT operated were used supported by AMI & GPRS. And this procedure was temporarily taken to avoid customers’ easy reach and tampering (see Figure in next slide) Despite of the above solution. For the target project.

Meter in metal box on the pole. .

The master system Customer interface unit. .The GPRS system contents     Meter Built-in GPRS Module. Communication area (GPRS with SIM card).

GPRS system advantages:     High–speed. Low capital cost where we don’t need Consecrator for data collection nor licenses when comparing with RF technology. GPRS is very suitable for power applications. . Unlimited transmission range.

Wireless communication method such as GPRS high operational costs especially for a long run projects .AMR GPRS Disadvantage:   Covering GPRS network area depends on Mobile phone operator.

reliability and suitability for advanced metering applications for the different communication means discussed above. flexibility. costs.Conclusion Table (1) provides a summary of the attributes reach ability. . operator.


AMI system will be a worldwide application. . Once the communication media through GPRS are being settled down .Despite of some notes against AMI application and communication media operational costs especially on the third world area. it’s highly expected to overcome all obstacles in the coming years.

Thanks For Listening .