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PROJECT:

NYUMBA YA AKIBA CEMENT PLANT

COUNTRY:

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

SUMMARY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (ESIA)

Team Leader
:
Team Members :

F. RODRIGUES, Senior Investment Officer, OPSM-2
H. MANSARAY, Investment Officer, OPSM-2
M. KINANE, Senior Environmental Specialist, ONEC.3

Project
Team
Sectorial Director :
Regional Director :
Division Manager :

T. TURNER
M. KANGA
M. NIANG

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Project Title: Nyumba Ya Akiba cement project

Project Number: P-CD-B00-001

Country: Democratic Republic of Congo

Department: OPSM

Table of Contents
1

Introduction .................................................................................................................... 3

2. Project Description and Justification ................................................................................. 3
3. Policy, Legal and Administrative Framework .................................................................... 8
4. Description of the project environment .............................................................................. 9
5. Project alternatives ...................................................................................................... 10
6. Potential Impacts and Mitigation/Enhancement Measures ...................................... 11
9. Public Consultations and Disclosure......................................................................... 40
10. Complementary Initiatives ........................................................................................ 41
11. Climate change ........................................................................................................... 42
12. Conclusions ................................................................................................................ 42
13. References and Contacts .......................................................................................... 43

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1 Introduction
Nyumba Ya Akiba SARL (NYA), a joint venture between Lucky Cement Pakistan and Groupe
Rawji DRC, proposes to construct a 3,000 tonnes per day clinker and 3,580 tonnes per day cement
manufacturing facility, limestone quarry and associated facilities in Bas-Congo Province of DRC.
The project was approved by local authorities in 2011, following an Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) by an accredited local consultant, OEMS. Subsequently, an Environmental and
Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) for lender approval was submitted in March 2013 by the
Pakistani consulting firm ECTECH. Gaps in this ESIA relative to the requirements of international
funders were identified via an independent environmental and social due diligence (ESDD) by
ERM on behalf of the lenders.
To address these gaps, NYA appointed SRK Consulting (SRK) in June 2013 to prepare an updated
ESIA and Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) for the Nyumba Project (“the
project”), in line with good international industry practice (GIIP) based on AfDB, the IFC
Performance Standards and other lender requirements. Key findings relating to this ESIA update,
are therefore included in this Executive Summary.

2. Project Description and Justification
Project Objectives and cost
The Project is a strong show case for foreign investors and will assure for the country and the government:
(i) reliable and stable source of cement supply, which will address current cement shortage in the country
and thereby support economic growth, social and infrastructure development by reducing implementation
times and prices in DRC which is currently facing expensive imports; (ii) reliance on best available
technologies and environmentally friendly production capacities as compared to existing local competitors;
(iii) a catalyst for the growth of SMEs and industrial economy in a fragile country; (iv) substantial positive
social effects with technology transfer and training programs; (v) strong macro-economic resilience for DRC
stemming from important foreign exchange savings and regional integration.
Total project costs are estimated at USD239 million and will be funded with a D/E ratio of 50/50. Debt will be
a combination of senior debt from DFIs (DEG, EIB, and AfDB), commercial bank (HBL), and the Danish
Export credit agency (EKF). HBL (Pakistan) will be the lead arranger for the total debt.

Project LocationThe project

will be located on a greenfields site approximately 250 km south west
of Kinshasa and 100 km east of Matadi port in the vicinity of the N-1 road and Kinsua Village, in
Songololo territory, Bas Congo province of DRC (see Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable.).

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Layout
The project will consist of a cement production plant, limestone quarry, and associated facilities, as
shown on the preliminary site layout drawing (see Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable.). The
cement plant will be supplemented by limestone and clay from mining concessions located
approximately 1.5 km north of the cement plant site. An access road linking the plant to the N1, and
a haul road between the quarry and plant (following an existing track), will be constructed, as well
as a power line, linking the project to the national energy grid. The total footprint area of the project
will be approximately 150 ha (boundary of concession area).
The Key Components of the Project include: (i) Cement plant (annual production capacity 1.18
Million tpa); (ii) Limestone quarry; (iii) Overburden storage facility; (iv) 220 KV powerline (6 km
long) to an existing substation; (v) Employee accommodation camps (for 300 personnel); (vi)
Waste management facility; (vii) Access and haul roads; (viii) Railway connection to the national
rail network; (ix) Auxiliary facilities (water management infrastructure, package sewage treatment
plant, explosives store, etc.).
While the final locations and design of certain infrastructure, including the overburden storage
facility, waste management facility, and water management infrastructure, have not been
determined, potential locations for some of these are indicated on Erreur ! Source du renvoi
introuvable., based on a high level sensitivity analysis by SRK. The final locations and design of
these facilities will however depend on the outcomes of further site-specific investigations.

Figure 1: Project Location

Raw material extraction
The quarry will be operated during daylight hours only and will use mechanized opencast mining.
Excess overburden will be spoiled to a suitable area close to the quarry (location yet to be

laterite and clay) extraction will involve: (i) Stripping of overburden by excavators. Raw material (limestone. dewatering of the pit will be required to remove groundwater inflows. This could potentially amount to substantial volumes of pit water being discharged. The quality and quantity of this water are still to be confirmed via further studies.5 km. (ii) Excavation of the limestone deposit using mechanical drills and blasting. (iii) Loading of the raw materials from the quarry onto dump trucks for transportation to the plant along the haul road over a distance of 1. As the quarry depth increases.Page 5 finalised). .

Page 6 Figure 2: Site locality map showing quarry. plant and associated infrastructure (including existing infrastructure .

6. blended in the required proportions and stockpiled in a storage area before being conveyed to the Raw Mix Proportioning Station.: 1. cooling it to 65°C + ambient temperature. before being discharged to the Clinker Storage Yard.Raw material proportioning and grinding: The blended material will be mixed with other additives and transferred to the Raw Mill for grinding. The project will primarily service the local cement market.Kiln Phase: The Calcined Raw Meal passes through a rotating Kiln and is subjected to temperatures of 1450°C.Page 7 Cement production NYA has selected FLSmidth (FLS) of Denmark as the design engineering and procurement contractor for the cement plant. Continual testing of the .Pre-Heater Phase: Meal from the Blending Silo will be fed into a preheater. 2. followed by transfer of the mix to the Grinding Mill for fine grinding before being transferred to the Cement Silos for storing. 7. the Raw Meal will be transferred to the Blending Silo for storage and further blending. causing it to be converted to clinker.Clinker Grinding: The clinker is transferred from the Clinker Storage Yard to the Cement Proportioning Station. 5.Packing and Transport: The ground cement will be stocked into silos before being transferred to two packing plants for packaging into 50 kg bags for dispatch.Cooling: The clinker drops into a cooler at the discharge end of the Kiln. as shown diagrammatically in Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. After grinding. The cement manufacturing process involves six steps. supplemented by exports to neighbouring countries. 4. including temperatures and pressures. from where it will pass through Cyclones and Feed Pipes and finally through a Pre Calciner before feeding into the Kiln. 3. Clinker is withdrawn and Gypsum (Calcium Sulphate) added to it. Figure 3: Diagrammatic representation of the cement manufacturing process Process Control: The plant will be managed from a central control room that will allow the monitoring of all processes. blending and storing: Raw material transported from the quarry will be crushed.Raw material preparation.

For AfDB the relevant guidelines are: (i) the Policy on the Environment(2004). While the plant will operate 24 hours a day. chemical analysis and physical testing will take place in the on-site laboratory. (iv) The applicable EU Reference Documents and Directives.1 Regulatory Framework The ESIA was undertaken in accordance with both DRC legislation. including the various relevant articles of the DRC Mining Code (2002) and associated Mining Regulations (2003). (iv) the Framework for Enhanced Engagement with Civil Society (2012).Page 8 materials. (vii) the handbook on stakeholder consultation and participation in Bank Group’s operations (2001). (v) The guidelines of lenders. Policy. will operate during daylight hours only. Power and Water supply: Power for the project will be sourced from the DRC national electricity grid. including African Development Bank (AfDB) and European Investment Bank (EIB). (viii) the Policy on Poverty Reduction (2004). (iii) the Gender Policy (2001). Environmental controls: Various dust control measures. certain components such as the crushers. and the applicable international guidelines and standards. For this purpose. (ii) the Involuntary Resettlement Policy (2003). (vi) The International Labour Organization (ILO) Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems (2001). . This will not however be sufficient to maintain operation of the plant. including the following: (i) The Equator Principles (EP III. including filters. a railway siding on the western side of the plant has been included in the design. or groundwater sources. Legal and Administrative Framework 3. with generators available at the plant for emergency supply to essential equipment. are included in the plant design to minimise dust emissions during cement manufacturing. and (ix) the Environmental and Social Assessment Procedures (2001). sample preparation. Raw water supply will be obtained from either the rivers in the area. (vii) Applicable international conventions. (iii) The World Bank / IFC Environmental Health and Safety Guidelines (2007). process water will be recycled. 2013). (v) the Policy on Disclosure and Access to Information (2012). treaties and agreements. (vi) the Integrated Water Resource Management Policy (2000). (ii) The International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards (2012) and relevant guidelines. Where possible. 3. and transported from Matadi Port to the site via either by road or preferably by rail. Fuel: Coal fuel for the cement plant will be imported from South Africa via ship.

fish and wild animals. supportive of the agricultural activities currently occurring on the site. Shifting agriculture is implemented where natural vegetation is burned prior to cultivation of the land. and flows eastwards to connect onto the Sanzikua River. where a variety of crops such as cassava.1 Biophysical environment Water resources The project area is characterised by gently undulating topography and numerous wetland areas. a new area is burned. 4.2 Institutional framework The DRC institution responsible for evaluating the ESIA and overseeing the implementation of the ESMP is the Department Responsible for the Protection of the Mining Environment. and coal and dust from household fires. with patches of dense gallery or swamp forest bordering swamps. Temperatures range from 18°C to 28°C. When productivity of the cultivated land drops. and the average annual rainfall varies from 900 mm to 1. The abandoned field is then left fallow for colonisation following a process of natural succession Biodiversity The vegetation cover over the project area consists mainly of savanna. are used as a source of potable water to the surrounding villages. with much of the site existing in its natural state. most of them being specific to forest habitat. air pollution levels in the area are low. Two main rivers cross through the project area: the Sanzukua River. The diversity of mammals in the study area is believed to be low and that of birds moderate. Levels of emissions increase during the dry season as wind strength increases. wetlands and rivers. bananas and beans are cultivated. Natural resources used regularly by local residents include wood. Climate and air quality A tropical Sudanese climate prevails and is characterized by separate rainy and dry seasons. the soils are highly permeable and the presence of laterite may limit root growth.500 mm. Due to the current lack of development. building materials. Anthropogenic land use is limited to subsistence type agriculture. as well as the wetlands and the natural spring near Yuku village. while insects showed higher diversity. peanuts. corn. squash. These rivers. Key emissions are airborne dust from vehicles on the nearby road. Land use over the site is limited. Soils and Land use The soils in and around wetlands generally show good fertility and water retention capabilities. as well as conservation purposes. The insolation of the NYA Project Area is particularly low. smoke from burning of agriculture residues and bushes. and the Yuku River.Page 9 3. which originates between the proposed quarry and plant. In other areas. flowing in a northerly direction. Available information on the baseline water quality is unreliable. however preliminary water quality measurements recorded on site by SRK indicate the general quality is good. Groundwater depth varies from 20 to 25 m. . A number of Red List species occur in the area. Description of the project environment 4.

crop cultivation. sacred sites and iron age artefacts. Approximately 10 000 people are estimated to live in the vicinity of the proposed project. Nkonda. diarrhoea and typhoid fever. potable water supply and road networks are largely absent. commerce. mainly in the Sanzikua River. Project site alternatives within Bas Congo were limited by requirement for close proximity to reserves of quality limestone. sacred sites and other natural resources. Kokolo. transport routes. the most dominant being Mboma. Of these 6 sites. sexually transmitted diseases. hunting. The area comprises several ethnic groups. Kinsua. Mbamba and Minkelo. telephone networks. as is sexual violence. meningitis. 4. Many of the resources in the area are depleting due to pressure from unsustainable agricultural practises. HIV/AIDS. Manianga and Kakongo. Facilities and infrastructure: Education facilities in the area are very limited and poor. Land availability is therefore vital to local communities. tuberculosis. Alcohol and drug abuse is widespread.2 Socio-economic environment Demographics The area is rural in nature and is characterised by a lack of development or infrastructure. trade and to a lesser extent. Wood and charcoal are the primary sources of energy for cooking. Most local residents walk to their destinations. 5 are of medium heritage significance and the 6th (the Yuku village cemetery) is of high significance. Settlements in the project area include: Yuku. Ndibu. while some use motorbikes and bicycles. Kimpese is the largest settlement in the project vicinity and is the most ethnically diverse. who rely on it for agriculture. including ceramics. The ‘no-go’ alternative would perpetuate dependency on cement imports into DRC and is not considered further. Livelihood and economy A traditional lifestyle prevails and subsistence agriculture is the main livelihood. waste management facility and haul road alignment. Cultural heritage A number of sites of heritage importance were recorded over the project area. high blood pressure and influenza. Health The most prevalent diseases are malaria. cemeteries. 5. health care. charcoal. animal husbandry. Surface . Within the site. while candle-power. medicinal plants. Mbemba. A secondary form of income is generated from fishing. Malaria is the biggest public health threat. Most households are reliant on a mixed economy including. Of the 36 recorded sites within the project lease area. high-level environmental screening was carried out which influenced the location of the overburden stockpile. as well as the national power grid. 6 sites are expected to be indirectly impacted on by the proposed mining activities. and potable water. sanitation. clay and laterite. There is no public transport system and the roads are generally in poor condition. and basic facilities such as electricity. Project alternatives Various alternatives have/ are being considered as part of the project process. kerosene lanterns and torches provide light. grazing for livestock. particularly amongst the youth.Page 10 medicinal plants.

(viii) Water resources. A waste management facility (WMF) will be developed for non-mining waste including hazardous waste from the project. Chosen cement production technology is ‘state of the art’ Best Available Technology (BAT) for environmental controls and energy efficiency. Where possible. SRK commissioned the following specialist studies to supplement the available information in ECTECH’s report and address the gaps identified by ERM: (i) Cultural heritage. (iii) Ecosystem services. notably for the ecological. (vii) Socio-economic. is provided in Table 1. (iv) Greenhouse gases. The studies were undertaken by SRK’s in-house expertise as well as external consultants as required and consisted of desktop studies supplement by on-site investigations where timeframes allowed. with sub-surface open cast mining being selected as the most safe and economical approach. Co-disposal of waste with the overburden from the quarry is not being pursued. (ix) Soils and land use. Potential Impacts and Mitigation/Enhancement Measures As part of the ESIA update. Air pollution control methods to be implemented include fabric filters and electrostatic precipitator (ESP) technologies. social and cultural heritage studies. Raw water for process cooling and domestic use is still under investigation. as well as 5-stage preheater with pre-calciner. . or groundwater abstraction (possibly linked to pit dewatering at the quarry). the assistance of local experts was used. Process water at the cement plant will be recycled.g. Cumulative impacts resulting both from other potential and existing developments in the area. Co-processing (incineration) or project-generated and local waste will require feasibility assessment after commencement of operation before its viability is confirmed. and will be sourced either from surface water resources (the Yuku and Sanzikua rivers). Energy-saving is being achieved through choice of vertical roller mills. multiple impacts affecting Mbamba village). 6. Sub-surface open cast mining and underground mining were considered as mining method alternatives. (v) Air quality. and from the NYA project (e. Water-saving dry process technology and open recirculating cooling systems are being implemented. Coal (to be imported) is preferred to HFO for clinker production based on cost. (x) Traffic.Page 11 and groundwater studies have been commissioned by NYA and layout plans may require amendment in line with findings. Package sewage treatment plants have been chosen over septic tank based on the improved treatment of sewage and larger numbers of employees which the system can deal with. (ii) Ecology and biodiversity. for reasons including undetermined effects on groundwater. both before and after effective implementation of the recommended mitigation or enhancement measures. A summary of the significance ratings for the impacts assessed. (vi) Noise. reducing the raw water requirement. Recommended management measures form the basis of NYA’s commitments to environmental management of the project. were also discussed.

land capability and land use Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact SL 3: Spillage of chemicals and seepage from waste resulting in permanent loss of soil resource. and change in soil characteristics. land capability and land use as a result of increased erosion Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact AQ1: Increase in PM10 emissions resulting from land clearing. NOx. and vehicular movement Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact AQ2: Increase in gas (SO2.Page 12 Table 1: Summary of impact significance ratings before and after implementation of recommended management measures Impact Significance Impact groups Identified impacts Premanagement Postmanagement CONSTRUCTION PHASE Biophysical impacts Visual Soils. and potential change in soil characteristics. land capability & land use Impact VI1: Loss of sense of place affecting local communities due to site clearing and construction activities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact SL1: Placement of project infrastructure. and change in soil characteristics. resulting in a transient loss of soil resource. resulting in a permanent loss of soil resource. land capability and land use Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact SL 2: Placement of permanent project infrastructure. CO and VOCs) emissions resulting from vehicle exhaust emission and biomass burning Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR1: Chemical contamination of surface water resulting from accidental spills during transportation and handling. and change in soil characteristics. earthworks. land capability and land use Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact SL4: Site clearance resulting in a permanent loss of soil resource. and seepage from waste Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR2: Sedimentation of surface water resulting from erosion and runoff from exposed surfaces and roads Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR3: Contamination of groundwater resulting from seepage from sewage and other waste Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact NV 1: Continuous noise impact on Mbemba Village resulting from night-time construction at the quarry Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact NV 2: Air-blast noise impact on Mbemba Village resulting from blasting at the quarry during construction Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB1: Loss of savanna habitat due to site clearing and earthmoving activities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB2: Loss of forest habitat due to site clearing and earthmoving activities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB3: Loss of aquatic habitat due to site clearing and earthmoving activities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Air quality Water resources Noise and Vibration Ecology & Biodiversity .

and their secondment as a subcontractor for the mine security Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact LN1: Physical displacement of households residing at Yuku Village and the protection of vulnerable groups High(-ve) Medium(-ve) Impact EC1: Local and regional benefits resulting from increased Revenue to Government Low (+ve) n/a Impact EC2: Stimulation of increased regional investment in the DRC Economy Low (+ve) n/a Socio-economic impacts Population & Demographic movement Health & Safety Land & Natural Resources Economic Impacts Impact PD1: Influx of potential job seekers into the area and associated risks .Page 13 Impact Significance Impact groups Traffic Identified impacts Premanagement Postmanagement Impact EB4: Loss or disturbance of species of special concern due to site clearing and construction activities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB5: Loss or degradation of ecological processes due to site clearing and construction activities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB6: Fragmentation of habitats and ecological processes due to positioning of project infrastructure Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB7: Modification or degradation of aquatic habitats due to altered hydrological regimes and surface or groundwater quality Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact EB8: Introduction of alien invasive plants due to site clearing and disturbance of vegetation Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB9: Impeded photosynthesis and transpiration rate of plants due to dust generation Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact T1: Impact of construction related traffic on utilisation capacity on the N-1 Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact T2: Impact of construction related traffic on traffic flow in Matadi Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact T3: Safety impacts on local communities and other road users due to increased road accident rates during construction Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact HS1: Increased chances of the spread of communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS and STDs linked to influx of predominantly male job-seekers and workers Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact HS2: Increased pressure on healthcare infrastructure due to project related influx Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact HS3: Increased risk of accidents and injuries to communities from improved roads and additional traffic Low (-ve) Low (-ve) HS4: The visible presence of DRC police within the project area.

indirect and induced employment and income Medium (+ve) Medium (+ve) Impact CH1: Indirect damage to Iron Age archaeological resources through land transformation activities Medium(-ve) Low(-ve) Impact CH2: Indirect damage to cemeteries through land transformation activities Medium(-ve) Low (-ve) Impact ES1: Reduced availability of natural resources and ecosystem services to local communities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact AQ3: PM10 emissions due to activities at the quarry and the vehicle entrainment of dust affecting air quality of nearby villages Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact AQ4: Dust emission from activities at the cement plant affecting air quality for nearby communities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact AQ5: Gas (SO2. land capability & . land capability and land use Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) OPERATIONAL PHASE Biophysical impacts Air quality Greenhouse Gases Noise and Vibration Ecology & Biodiversity Soils. NOx and CO) emissions from activities at the cement plant affecting air quality for nearby communities Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact GH1: Increase in greenhouse gas emissions in the area resulting from the cement plant Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact NV3: Continuous noise resulting from daytime operations of the quarry. and change in soil characteristics.Page 14 Impact Significance Impact groups Cultural Heritage Resources Ecosystem Services Identified impacts Premanagement Postmanagement Impact EC3: Generation of direct. cement plant and associated infrastructure High (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact NV4: Continuous noise resulting from night-time operations of the cement plant and associated infrastructure Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact NV5: Air blast pressure and vibration resulting from blasting at the quarry High (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact EB10: Loss or disturbance of fauna species of special concern due to collisions and noise disturbance Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact EB11: Introduction of alien invasive flora and fauna Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB12: Increased hunting/poaching of wildlife Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB13: Modification or degradation of aquatic habitats due to pollution or nutrient loading High (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact EB14: Impeded photosynthesis and transpiration rate of plants due to dust generation Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact SL5: Chemical spills and release of contact water resulting in permanent loss of soil.

and change in soil characteristics. affecting downstream users High (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR6: Risk of flooding of project infrastructure due to placement within the 1:100 year floodline Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR7: Dewatering of the quarry resulting in groundwater drawdown and reduced contribution to surface water baseflows and wetlands. affecting users High (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact WR8: Stormwater inflows into the pit. resulting in a permanent loss of soil resource. resulting in safety and structural stability risks High (-ve) n/a Impact VI2: Loss of sense of place affecting local communities due to project infrastructure and illumination Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact T4: Impact on utilisation capacity on the N-1 affecting other road users Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact T5: Impact on traffic in Matadi affecting other road users Medium (+ve) n/a Impact T6: Increased road accident rates and road safety of other road users High (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact EC4: Local and regional benefits resulting from increased Revenue to Government Medium (+ve) n/a Impact EC5: Generation of direct.Page 15 Impact Significance Impact groups land use Identified impacts Premanagement Postmanagement Impact SL6: Operational activities causing increased erosion. affecting water quality for downstream users High (-ve) Medium (+ve) Impact WR12: Sinkhole formation resulting from dewatering of subsurface cavities. land capability and land use Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR4: Contaminated stormwater runoff from roads and other surfaces affecting surface and groundwater quality High (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR5: Discharge of contaminated pit water to surface water resources. reducing surface water flows and availability to users High (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact WR9: Raw water abstraction for the project reducing availability to other users Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR10: Seepage from waste affecting surface and groundwater quality Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact WR11: Wastewater effluent discharge to streams. indirect and induced employment and income High (+ve) High (+ve) Ecosystem Services Impact ES2: Reduced availability of natural resources and ecosystem services to local communities due to use by the project and impacts on these resources Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Population & Demographic Impact PD2: Influx of potential job seekers into the area and associated risks Medium(-ve) Low(-ve) Water Resources Visual Traffic Socio-economic impacts Economic Impacts .

and their secondment as a subcontractor for the mine security Low(-ve) Low(-ve) Impact EB15: Re-establishment of habitats or creation of new habitats via rehabilitation Medium (+ve) Medium (+ve) Impact EB16: Introduction of alien invasive flora and fauna Medium (-ve) Low(-ve) Impact EB17: Loss or disturbance of fauna species of special concern due to collisions and noise disturbance Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact EB18: Increased hunting/poaching of wildlife and loss of habitats for crop production Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Impact WR13: Chemical contamination of surface water resulting from accidental spills during transportation and handling. land capacity & land use Impact SL7: Remediation of contaminated soils and demolition of project infrastructure. and seepage from waste Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Impact WR14: Sedimentation of surface water resulting from erosion and runoff from exposed surfaces and roads Low(-ve) Low(-ve) Impact WR15: Contamination of groundwater resulting from seepage from hazardous materials and waste Low(-ve) Low(-ve) Soils. resulting in re-establishment of baseline soil characteristics and land capability Medium (-ve) Low(-ve) Air Quality Impact AQ6: Increase in PM10 emissions resulting from land clearing. affecting the visual character for communities Medium(-ve) Low(-ve) Medium (-ve) Medium (-ve) Health & Safety DECOMMISSIONING AND CLOSURE PHASE Ecology & Biodiversity Water Resources POST-CLOSURE PHASE Ecology & Biodiversity Impact EB19: Increased hunting/poaching of wildlife and loss of habitats for crop production . earthworks.Page 16 Impact Significance Impact groups Identified impacts Premanagement Postmanagement Movement Impact HS5: Increased chances of the spread of communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS and STDs linked to influx of predominantly male job-seekers and workers Low(-ve) Low(-ve) Impact HS6: Increased pressure on healthcare infrastructure due to project related influx Medium(-ve) Low(-ve) Impact HS7: Increased risk of accidents and injuries to communities from improved roads and additional traffic Low(-ve) Low(-ve) Impact HS8: The visible presence of Congolese police within the project area. and vehicular movement Low(-ve) Low(-ve) Visual Impact VI3: Dust generation and site disturbance due to earth moving and removal of project infrastructure.

SR – Safety Risks 2 Applicable project phases indicated via grey shading . PD – Population and Demographic Movement. if communities are affected by lighting. HS – Health and Safety. CH – Cultural Heritage. and environmental contamination Low (-ve) Low (-ve) Soils. SL. AQ. EB Undertake stripping. SL Implement livelihood restoration and compensation measures in areas where livelihood are impacted by the loss of agricultural lands. land capacity & land use Impact SL8: Demolition and restoration of project infrastructure. VI. VI. to reflect the surrounding topography and vegetation. 1 VI – Visual impacts. WR – Water Resources. WR. Revegetate and landscape disturbed areas as soon as possible.5 of ESIA). VI. T – Traffic. EB – Ecology and Biodiversity. VI. SL Implement the Closure and Rehabilitation Plan as described in the report to support the proposed project. LN – Land and Natural Resources. EB Clear vegetation in phases so that only those areas required for immediate development are cleared. EC – Economic Impacts.Page 17 Impact Significance Impact groups Identified impacts Premanagement Postmanagement Water Resources Impact WR12: Pit lake formation due to inflow of ground and surface water. stockpiling and stockpile management as per the Soil Management Plan (Section 9. WR. GH – Greenhouse gases. SL – Soils. resulting in re-establishment of baseline soil characteristics and land capability Medium (-ve) Low (-ve) Visual Impact VI4: Re-establishment of baseline visual character due to rehabilitation of the site and removal of project infrastructure Medium(-ve) Medium(+ve) Table 2: Mitigation and enhancement measures recommended to manage environmental and social impacts Project Phase2 Impact category1 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C O DC PC Minimize the disturbed footprint as far as practically possible. ES – Ecosystem Services. resulting in safety risks to animals and humans. NV – Noise and Vibration. WR Implement the waste management plan for the project (Appendix 15). VI Use directional lighting in areas operating at night. land capability and land use. AQ – Air Quality. VI Consider the use of screening tools such as dense vegetation where practical and appropriate to the surroundings.

AQ Avoid constructing roads close to human settlements AQ Vegetation and soil should be removed together (mixed) so that the plant matter helps to hold the soil.Page 18 Impact category1 Project Phase2 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C SL Assist community members where livelihood impacted with establishing new agricultural areas on land of equal or better land capability. vegetation can be stripped and stockpiled and then spread over the newly made stockpiles of soil AQ Biomass burning should be conducted during the during the day and during the summer months. GH Development and implementation of a routine air quality monitoring program. Planned planting of trees and vegetation outside the quarry limits will minimize spreading of dust to surroundings Where practical. SR The provision of appropriate secondary containment (to hold 110% of the stored volume) in areas where hydrocarbons. solvents and other potentially hazardous materials are stored. VI Minimise vegetation clearing. EB Apply dust suppressants to sections of roads used routinely by vehicles that pass through and close to villages. AQ Limit vehicle idling and keep vehicles well maintained to minimize particulate and gaseous emissions. biomass burning should be considered and a schedule should be maintained to allow for pollutants to disperse into the atmosphere in a short amount of time. WR. clearing should not take place a long time in advance of quarrying. SL. rehabilitation of the quarry should be progressive – i. AQ. Set speed limits to minimize the creation of fugitive dust within the project boundary. AQ. WR. VI Cover vehicles carrying dusty materials to prevent materials being blown from the vehicles. SR The preparation of procedures to ensure that spillage during mobile equipment maintenance is minimized.6. As the quarry expands. Design road alignments to minimize travel distances and eliminate unnecessary traffic. AQ. AQ. and that only designated areas are used for this purpose. Locate stockpiles within site boundaries considering the location of potential sensitive receptors and the predominant wind direction. SL Implement storm water control measures around infrastructure. WR. EB. SL Implement emergency preparedness and response measures plan as described in Section 9. AQ Where possible. Alternatively. GH Regular maintenance and efficient operation of the cement manufacturing plant O DC PC . SL. it should be implemented as soon as a section is worked out AQ.e. VI.

EB Ensure that proper designs are prepared and implemented to manage stormwater runoff in a manner that minimizes sediment transport to the receiving water resource and minimizes erosion along runoff channels. EB. undertake dewatering upgradient of the quarry to keep the pit dry and prevent water quality deterioration. Impacts are likely to occur when the prevailing winds are towards the village during an upset condition. and use designated areas for equipment servicing WR Construct access roads and infrastructure in a way that sensitive ecosystems are avoided. emergency contaminant and mitigation measures must be developed to minimize impacts should accidental spillages occur along the transport routes WR Equip all trucks and equipment carrying fuels or oil with spill response materials and train personnel in the use of such materials WR.Page 19 Impact category1 Project Phase2 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C AQ Install spray bars. WR Prioritise construction of a properly lined and designed waste landfill site and sewage treatment system as early as possible WR Implement a stormwater management plan which will separate dirty water from clean water and divert run off from dirty areas to a pollution control dam which should have a silt trap to settle any sediment WR Re-use water from the pollution control dam as a first resort. AQ Start-up should be delayed when the prevailing winds are towards the village. WR Discharge pumped underground water into a dam for treatment and possible re-use as a first priority rather than discharging into the surface water resource O DC PC . enclosure of transfer points or other means of control will be employed as necessary to ensure dust emissions from the crushing and conveying systems is properly managed to meet emission and ambient air quality targets AQ Start-up conditions should be short as possible as this will reduce emissions during this process AQ Develop an emergency response plan for Mbamba village to include on-going training and drills with the villagers. Only discharge after treatment and compliance with discharge limits can be demonstrated WR Construct concave surfaces to ensure run-off is directed WR Optimise water reuse and reclamation within the mining operations. intercept clean ingress water as close as possible to its source in order to prevent or minimize water quality deterioration and to allow this water to be pumped up to surface for appropriate use or discharge WR If possible. WR. to limit raw water abstraction WR Where practical. SR Store all potential sources of contamination in secure facilities with appropriate Storm Water management systems in place to ensure that contaminants are not released to the water resource through Storm Water runoff Use oil & silt traps to remove these types of contaminants from stormwater. WR Where contaminants are transported along construction roads.

EB.Page 20 Impact category1 Project Phase2 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C WR Undertake flood line study investigation to establish 1:100 year flood line WR. NV Restrict activities at the quarry to daytime hours 07:00 am to 07:00 pm. material storage areas and quarry outside the 1:100 year floodline WR Construct cut-off trenches and storm water control measures to contain the 1:100 year flood event WR Monitor groundwater levels to determine extent of dewatering impact WR Ensure water supply for domestic and agricultural purposes to communities affected through dewatering activities WR If necessary. NV Change the alignment of the haul road to bypass Yuku Village (or relocate the village) NV Implement noise screening measures for the mills in the plant design (or relocate Mbamba village) EB. NV Restrict blasting at the quarry to afternoon hours 14:00 to 17:00 pm. O DC PC . or employ alternative techniques to avoid blasting. as close to the pre-construction condition as practically possible. WR Water to be discharged need to comply with maximum concentrations of contaminants in waste water as per Article 66 of Congolese Law. ES All cleared or degraded areas that do not form part of NYA’s operations must be rehabilitated to a stable ecological state. SR Locate plant. treat removed groundwater to a quality that is suitable for discharge to streams and agricultural use WR Monitor discharge water quality to ensure it is compliant with the necessary guidelines. WR Cut-off trenches to be installed around the pit perimeter to manage the extent of inflows (divert clean water away from the pit) WR Discharge treated effluent into streams to compensate for abstraction losses (provided it meets the quality criteria) WR Especially ensure the removal of nitrates from treated water as streams and rivers already contain elevated nitrate background concentrations. WR Undertake monthly monitoring up-gradient and down gradient of the discharge point WR Design the waste landfill in accordance with the requirements (eg lining and cover) for the type of waste handled WR Cap waste landfill facility after closure to limit artificial recharge and seepage forming WR Implement groundwater monitoring around waste disposal facility WR.HS Restrict access (and ingestion of pit water) by animals and humans by fencing the pit. associated infrastructure.

swamps. EB. ES The alignment of the new powerline must avoid the southern catchment of the Mbamba wetland (immediately east of plant) to the greatest practical extent possible. No spoiling of material to take place to the west of the existing (most western) road to the proposed spoil site. ES A Biodiversity Action Plan to be developed to inform NYA’s protection and management of biodiversity in the entire concession. EB. ES The proposed haul road should be constructed via an upgrade of the existing road to the west of the current staff camp. EB. where site clearing and bank modification must be minimised the greatest practical extent possible. No spoiling of material may be undertaken upgradient of this Gallery Forest. ES Re-shaping of slopes near Gallery and Swamp forest to be avoided to the greatest practical extent possible. as opposed to the development of a new road through/over the Yuku River to the east of the camp. to avoid impacts to the extensive swamp and Swamp forest system west of the road. ES The plant. ES Gallery and Swamp forest to be avoided to the greatest practical extent possible (including road and powerline alignments). ES A No-Go buffer of 50 m to be established around Gallery forest present in the north of the proposed overburden stockpile. O DC PC . EB. ES The largest practically possible size of culvert/s to be installed at any stream/swamp crossings. EB. EB. EB. velocity. with different objectives and rehabilitation approaches established for each habitat/ecosystem. ES Construction in or near to wetlands. ES A No-Go buffer of 100 m should be established around all other wetlands. water quality to minimise impacts on natural areas. ES A Rehabilitation Plan to be developed and implemented (overseen by an appropriately qualified botanist/ecologist). ES Sessile fauna present at construction sites to be relocated by appropriate experts prior to the commencement of site clearing. ES Remaining Forest habitat that has been degraded must be restored to their pre-construction condition.Page 21 Impact category1 Project Phase2 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C EB. including the road and powerline alignments. EB. streams and rivers must be avoided to the greatest practical extent possible. EB. focussing on minimising increased sedimentation of the wetlands and swamps. EB. with the exception of the proposed roads. EB. The plant site must be fenced and no slope/bank modifications may be conducted along the eastern boundary of the plant site. ES Aquatic habitats and areas immediately adjacent to them that have been degraded during the construction phase must be restored to their pre-construction condition. to minimise impacts on the hydrological regime and aquatic habitat loss EB. ES A stormwater management plan must be developed for all project components to address stormwater run-off volumes. EB. particularly at the intersection of the proposed haul road and current railway line. railway siding and haul road must not be moved any closer to the Kawenga wetland (immediately west of plant) and no construction or earthmoving activities may take place within 50m of the wetland and the swamp surrounding it. EB.

fines) must be imposed for the hunting or harm to fauna by any staff. EB. including regular refresher sessions. ES A programme for the control of alien invasive plants in the concession to be developed and implemented as a component of the Biodiversity Action Plan. T Clear signage and traffic calming measures on the N-1 warning motorists of the intersection would reduce potential traffic safety impacts at this intersection. ES No diversions or bank modifications to any of the rivers. streams. EB. EB. bird flappers) to be installed on the new powerline from the grid station at Kimpese to the plant to minimise collisions. The weirs must be constructed to maintain the natural water levels of the wetlands and must not facilitate increased flow out of the wetlands. alternative livelihoods upon cessation of operations T Widening of the N-1 at the access road to allow for turning lanes and reduce the potential for accidents and congestion at this intersection.g. EB. ES The ecological water requirements of the aquatic ecosystems should be determined. ES No fauna are to be hunted or destroyed by any project personnel. EB. T Truck staging and/or rest area to enable trucks to exit the N-1 safely. O DC PC .ES The waste water treatment plant to be located at least 100m from all wetlands.Page 22 Impact category1 Project Phase2 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C EB. or active management must be instituted to mimic natural regimes as advised in the Biodiversity Action Plan. Water abstraction from any of the rivers and from groundwater must not exceed levels that result in the ecological water requirements of the aquatic ecosystems being compromised. EB. EB. ES An environmental education training programme to be developed and implemented.g. lacustrine wetlands. Abstraction from the wetlands and swamps must not be allowed. ES All other cleared or degraded areas that are not identified in the closure plan for alternative commercial use (e. T Provision of temporary on-site accommodation for construction personnel to limit the volumes of daily commuter traffic to the project site. swamps. EB. EB. ES Natural fire regimes in the study area to be allowed to continue. Gallery and Swamp Forest) that have been degraded must be restored to their natural. EB. ES Effective penalties (e. pre-construction condition. utilise the plant site for a new factory) must be rehabilitated to a stable ecological state as close to the pre-construction condition as practically possible. ES A weir or gabion system must be constructed at the toe of the Kawenga and Mbamaba wetlands if increased run-off into these wetlands results in associated erosion immediately downstream of these systems.ES Areas immediately adjacent to important habitats (e. ES Bird collision minimisation technologies (e. ES NYAs social and labour plan to address the provision of sustainable. and enable site staff to schedule deliveries in an orderly manner. wetland and swamps must take place. EB.g.g. EB. The most appropriate technology is to be determined by an experienced ornithologist.

which NYA could potentially be involved in. T A maintenance schedule for all vehicles directly under the control of NYA must be developed and implemented to ensure ongoing roadworthiness of vehicles. contractors. and sub-contractors must be instructed to implement the same maintenance schedule T Random inspections for roadworthiness of all vehicles entering or leaving the site must be implemented T NYA management to pursue the revitalisation of the rail network with the relevant authorities. communities near project facilities. PD Implement the Stakeholder Engagement Plan (Appendix 17) which clarifies the principles of engagement with community and other stakeholders.Page 23 Project Phase2 Impact category1 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C T Provision of dedicated buses for construction personnel not accommodated on the site to reduce daily commuter traffic to the project site. The code should deal with the interaction with local communities and substance abuse among other things. PD Develop a code of conduct with which contractors and their employees must comply. T Awareness campaigns in neighbouring communities. as well as. sets in place appropriate liaison forums and describes the grievance management procedure to be adopted by NYA. contractors. PD. There are already HIV/AIDS programs developed by Kimpese Hospital. as well as anti-retroviral treatment for employees and surrounding communities. HS  Awareness campaigns targeting project workers. HS Develop and update an influx management plan HS Develop an MOU with the Local Healthcare Centres in Minkelo and Kimpese for service provision to the local workforce and their dependents HS Identify NGOs in the area that might support operations at the Minkelo Clinic and Kimpese Hospital. Suppliers. sub-contractors and their spouses. PD Develop and communicate a clear and concise employment and recruitment policy to prevent opportunistic job seekers from settling in the area (Appendix 17) Develop a comprehensive HIV/AIDS program to employees through employee wellness programmes which should include the following: PD. voluntary counselling for HIV testing. with a focus on school children and mothers. truck drivers)  Prevention. equipment and building maintenance. PD Optimise the use of local labour as far as practically possible as per the Labour and Human Resources Management Plan (Appendix 11). senior management. particularly at Nkonda village. HS Develop and implementation community development/sustainability plans to support infrastructure development in the area HS. T Rest area for drivers should be implemented. with special focus on refurbishment of key areas. T NYA to specify maximum loads for shipping of equipment to site (size and weight). improved healthcare management information systems. risk groups (commercial sex workers. T Schedule the delivery of materials outside peak traffic times. about risks related to traffic O DC PC . and maximum driving hours per driver established and enforced.

CH Demarcate Site 36 (Nkondo Sacred Tree) prior to construction. and ensure that the sites are monitored and protected from any adverse development effects. T Enforcement of speed limits and sanctions for any personnel found in violation of speed limits. use of biofuels. especially in relation to handling community violence HS Proper screening of appointed security personnel to ensure they were not implicated in human rights abuses in the past HS. CH The work activities must be monitored to successfully mitigate any chance finds. This includes the development and implementation of standard operating procedures. HS. including senior staff and contractors’ and sub-contractors’ employees HS. CH A CHMP should be developed to manage and conserve the sites located on the periphery of the development footprint. CH If Site 16 (Yuku Village cemetery) is to be preserved in-situ the site will have to be fenced off with an access gate for family members. blasting rules and a safety management plan that: SR  Delineates the danger zone associated with each blast and clear workers from this zone before. T Advanced warning signs including sirens to be erected at locations of high pedestrian and cyclist activity HS Develop a code of conduct for police personnel.Page 24 Project Phase2 Impact category1 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C HS. O DC PC . during and after each blast.. In the case of Site 16 (Yuku Village cemetery) this will have to be agreed with by family members. SR To reduce the risk of injury the Project will conduct blasting in accordance with international safety standards Open pit blasting will be conducted using standard mining industry practices and procedures for securing personnel and equipment.g. facilitating preservation or accidental impact of the site by avoidance. and  Provides an audible warning at least three minutes before a blast is fired. T Appropriate signalling of moving heavy machinery. reforestation. facilitating preservation of the site by avoidance. T All drivers to be given safety education focussing on speed and conflicts between pedestrians and cyclists. and escort vehicles where needed HS. This plan should include all sites recorded in the project area and make provision for communication channels to follow in the case of chance finds. EC Monitor the use of violence by the mine security in instances of labour unrests LN Implementation and updating of the Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) (Appendix 18) CH Demarcate sites prior to construction. GH Implementation of GHG Management Plan (Appendix 14) including the development of a GHG inventory and ongoing programme of GHG emission reduction initiatives GH Identification and implementation of offset opportunities e.

EC. EC Procure goods and services locally. e. through incentivising other industries to locate in the area. EC  Compliance with IFC’s Performance Standard 2 “Labor and Working Conditions”  Actively promoting the development of different economic sectors from an early stage. servicing the plant and accommodation areas. and actively engaging with a range of stakeholders throughout the life-of-project to discuss potential consequences of decommissioning and possible mitigation.g. SR Pave fuel delivery and dispensing pump areas and design these areas to drain into the adjacent storage tank containment areas. if available. SL Standard international good practice will be followed with regard to storage and handling of hazardous materials. EC Stipulate in the Recruitment Plan mechanisms to employ local workers if applicants with the appropriate skills are available. ES The project must comply with GIIP for air emissions. water (stormwater and effluent) discharge quality and solid waste disposal O DC PC . ES Implement the Resettlement Action Plan and Sustainable Development Plan (Appendix 19 and 20) to maximise community resilience and ensure fair compensation where resources are directly affected. contributing to adequate infrastructure and promoting an increase and diversity of skills  Develop a decommissioning and closure plan which is updated every five years increasing in detail as closure approaches.Page 25 Project Phase2 Impact category1 Proposed Mitigation / enhancement measures C SR Design hazardous material containment structures taking into consideration natural hazards and the implications of these on structural integrity of the containment facilities. SR Occupational health and safety guidelines with regard to safe working conditions and the use of PPE will be adhered to SR Fire extinguishers will be available at storage areas for flammable substances. WR. SR. and a fire water system will be installed. Initiatives in this regard should be undertaken throughout the project lifetime and include:  Develop a Grievance Procedure to capture and address grievances arising due to retrenchments and downscaling. thereby providing workers with opportunities for alternative employment. Develop and implement a Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plan for the site. EC Work closely with the community before and during the project to identify and publicise skills and resources that the local community could provide. Explore opportunities with local and regional businesses to diversify the local and regional economic base and local skill level. Establish relevant mechanisms in the relevant social and labour plans.

emergency preparedness and response. community health and safety. greenhouse gas (GHG) emission.  Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (Appendix 11 of the ESIA report)  Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP). resettlement.  Sustainable Development Plan (Appendix 19 Appendix 11 of the ESIA report. to be expanded upon once there is further information about the waste site location and specific waste streams. Table 3 summarizes mitigation and management measures for environmental and social impacts from project activities for all project phases. stakeholder engagement. . to be updated prior to construction with hazardous material measures that need to be implemented to reduce community risks  GHG Emission Assessment and Management Plan (Appendix 11 of the ESIA report)  Waste Management Plan (Appendix 15 Appendix 11 of the ESIA report). as well as closure planning. Management measures contained in the main body of the document cover soil. biodiversity. incorporating the stakeholder grievance mechanism (Appendix 17 Appendix 11 of the ESIA report)  Framework Resettlement Action Plan (FRAP) (Appendix 18 Appendix 11 of the ESIA report). labour and human resources. occupational health and safety. waste management. Stand-alone plans have been developed to cover. Figure 2: Diagrammatic representation of the interrelationship between the Social Management Plan and the Environmental Management Plan Table 3: List of Specific Management Plans developed and to be developed Status Plans already developed List of Specific Management Plans  Labour and Human Resources Plan (Appendix 11 of the ESIA report)  Occupational Health and Safety Plan (Appendix 11 of the ESIA report)  Community Health and Safety Plan (Appendix 11 of the ESIA report). as well as sustainable development.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 26 Figure 2 below indicates how the EMP and SMP interrelate in an overarching Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS) framework. air quality and stormwater management.

as well as natural disasters. emergencies. contingency plan and analysis of potential technological accident risks. These plans have been developed in response to the potential for such incidents as medical emergencies. Environmental Hazard Management This section shall present a summary of the proposed security measures. The above-mentioned plans will need to deal with emergencies that could pose a risk to the biophysical and social environment during construction. nonscheduled explosions.9 of the ESIA report)  Cultural Heritage Management Plan (Section 9. security. its environment and surrounding communities.7 of the ESIA report)  Soils. employee or third party activities. storage. The process is based primarily on the APELL process which is an internationally upheld good practice guideline for preparing for. 14 and 16 respectively. to be supplemented with a Cultural Heritage. . and responding to. that could affect employees and communities in the project area. fires. The NYA project is located in an area that is isolated in terms of accessibility. hazardous materials spills/release. NYA’s activities. emergencies associated with the project. and use To be developed prior to closure  Rehabilitation and Restoration Plan (Section 9. infrastructure and social services. The plans reflect the broad principles upon which NYA’s company policies (Appendix 10) are based. The EPRP and the CHSP lay out the steps that NYA will take in order to position itself for emergency situations that present risks from natural disasters. Environmental risks and hazards relating to the project are addressed in the high-level Community Health and Safety Plan (CHSP).10 of the ESIA report).8 of the ESIA report). and Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (EPRP).  Monitoring Plan (CHMP) and a Chance Find Procedure Comprehensive sub-plans plans need to be developed for the following aspects  Construction Management Plan  Influx Management Plan (IMP) to be developed with a high level of urgency  Water Management Plan to include process wastewater management  Traffic and Road Safety Management Plan  Resource (with energy focus) Management Plan  Security Management Plan to expand on measures and requirements already contained in the EPRP and CHSP  Hazardous materials measures dealing with production. Land Use and Land Capability Management Plan (Section 9. The area also experiences high levels of poverty and stakeholders including authorities are under-capacitated to prepare for. Occupational Health and Safety Plan (OHSP). operation and decommissioning / closure.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Plans to be developed further by NYA prior to construction Page 27  Biodiversity Action Plan (Section 9. or respond to. vehicle accidents. developed for the project and included as Appendices 13. transportation. handling. 7.

(ii) Sanction poor performance and non-compliance where appropriate. (iv) Government – specifically the DPEM and Ministry of Environment. Table 4 presents the environmental monitoring plan for construction and operation phases of the project. (vi) Ensure transparent and efficient decision making on permit applications. Responsibilities of stakeholders in EMP/ SMP NYA/borrower: (i) Implement the ESMS including the EMP /SMPP in accordance with national legal requirements and international standards. (iii) Make use of the NYA grievance mechanism to communicate issues with the company. (ii) Meet the requirements of lenders in covenant documentation. (iv) Undertake capacity building with local communities on environmental and social issues including rights and responsibilities Lenders: (i) Monitor NYA performance in relation to its covenants. (vii) Sanction poor performance and non-compliance where appropriate through directives. a detailed costing for implementation of the monitoring plan cannot be provided. Compliance with the environmental standards as prescribed by DRC Mining Regulations and the IFC. (v) Monitor legal compliance. penalties and fines. (iii) Implementing agencies. and NYA’s organisational structure.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 28 8. Estimated cost ranges are therefore provided in Table 5 based on the labour. (ii) Actively participate in stakeholder forums including any development foundations. Communities: (i) Monitor implementation of the ESMS by NYA. Monitoring Program This section shall summarise the surveillance and monitoring activities proposed in the Environmental and Social Management Plan prepared for the project. equipment and consumables typically required for projects of this nature. EHS Guidelines are the criteria for all environmental parameters. As monitoring is frequency-based. . (iii) Report to stakeholders on performance on a regular basis. (vi) Monitor the ESMP implementation and review performance reporting. It shall identify the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders in the implementation as well as the estimated cost of the activities.

magnesium.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 29 Table 4: Environmental and social monitoring plan for the construction and operation phases of the project Environmental component Monitoring parameters Reference location/3 monitoring point Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 Implementin g Body Regulatory Body C O Daily ( preferably with an in stream logger) X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  One sample on weekly basis. O = Operation . zinc. oil and grease. arsenic and total hardness. pH and electrical conductivity must be measured on site  Calcium and Magnesium samples to be taken in borosilicate glass bottles Refer to Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. Project phases abbreviated as follows: C = Construction. manganese’s. Faecal Coliform. chloride. throughout the construction period. iron. fluoride. . turbidity. potassium. pH. 2. calcium. Conductivity. TColiform bacteria and free residual chlorine In Sanzikua river at the N-1 Road Bridge In the Yuku River soon after its origin ( Must be in flowing area and not where water is stagnant) Point of use (tap that is regularly used in site office)  Sample bottles must be sterilized for the coliform samples. X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN Flow rate in m3/s WATER: Surface Water Flow WATER: Drinking Water quality 3 4 1. for monitoring locations for surface water quality and flow and air quality. COD and BOD5. sodium nitrate and nitrite.  Free chlorine.

 After collecting the sample and adding the preservative. pH. nickel. 2. Sampling to inform operation of the treatment plant will also be required. suspended solids. iron. Page 30 Monitoring frequency and method Monthly  pH and electrical conductivity must be measured on site  Calcium and Magnesium samples to be taken in borosilicate glass bottles Project Phase4 Implementin g Body Regulatory Body C O X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department If not using a commercially purchased pre-acidified container for the dissolved metals in water. BOD5. filtered metals. the container must be placed back in a plastic bag for shipping. lead.in Sanzikua River Confluence of Minikunku and Sanzikua Rivers .in-water samples should be preserved Holding times for acid preserved samples is six months except for mercury which is 28 days. oil and grease.in Minikunku River Mbamaba Lake Kawenga Lake Final outlet of the sewage treatment plant area after due treatment. X X The quality standards published as an annexure to the Decree No 038/2003 refers to surface water quality and not necessarily discharge standards (Development Bank of Southern Africa. arsenic. 8. copper. pH. nickel. ammonium 1. filtered metals. iron. 9. acute toxicity. throughout the construction period.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component WATER: Surface Water Quality Monitoring parameters Temperature.  One sample on monthly basis. 7. total cyanide. acute toxicity. the container is placed back in a plastic bag for shipping. X  pH to be measured on site X  If not using a commercially purchased preacidified container for the dissolved metals in water. BOD5. Suspended solids. nitrate and nitrite ( measured as N) and total phosphate (PO4) measured as P) alkalinity5 Reference location/3 monitoring point 1. 2012) . zinc and total petroleum hydro carbons (Decree No 038/2003 of 26 March 2003.in-water samples should be preserved X  Holding times for acid preserved samples is six months except for mercury which is 28 days. 2. mercury. copper. WATER: Treated sewage effluent quality 5 Temperature. 2003) Additionally: nitrate and nitrate measured as N. 3. Sampling points will depend on the type of treatment plant used and need to be confirmed with the manufacturers.  After collecting the sample and adding the preservative. total cyanide. 4. oil and grease. lead. Upstream of the Sanzikua River south of the N1 highway near Sanzikua Village Sanzikua River at the bridge on the N1 Origin of the Yuku River Confluence of Yuku and Sanzikua Rivers – in Sanzikua River Confluence of Yuku and Sanzikua Rivers – in Yuku River Confluence of Minikunku and Sanzikua Rivers . 5. zinc and total petroleum hydro carbons (Decree No 038/2003 of 26 March 2003. mercury. 6. arsenic. 2003) Additionally: Total chrome.

Points to be confirmed after ground water flow modeling has been completed. copper.and down gradient of the 6-monthly quarry and plant area. phosphate. calcium. oil and grease. All borrow pits. Continuously X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department ECOLOGY: Flora and Fauna Monitoring of Illegal activities Entire project area. mercury.and down gradient of the quarry and plant area. pH. cadmium. vertical structure of vegetation.  Calcium and Magnesium samples to be taken in borosilicate glass bottles  If not using a commercially purchased preacidified container for the dissolved metals in water. Points to be  pH and electrical conductivity must be measured confirmed after ground water flow on site modeling has been completed. arsenic. zinc. Boreholes to be equipped with flow meters X ECOLOGY: rehabilitation of disturbed habitats (including forest and aquatic habitats) As per monitoring parameters to be determined in Rehabilitation and Restoration Plan (e. degraded and temporarily disturbed land that is not occupied by permanent infrastructure. All concerned areas. plant health.  After collecting the sample and adding the preservative. cobalt. type and extent of erosion. nickel. nitrate and fluoride Full analysis for first year there after one can reduce the number of metals depending on what the first year results is shown  Flow rate in m3/s Up. Continuous monitoring by regular full time guards NYA DRC Regional Mining Department WATER: Groundwater Quality WATER: Groundwater quantity Up. potassium. sodium. zinc and total petroleum. iron. aluminum. richness and abundance of indicator species.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Monitoring parameters Reference location/3 monitoring point Page 31 Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 Implementin g Body Regulatory Body C O X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department Temperature. X . sulfate. chloride. chromium. manganese lead. % vegetative cover.g. the container is placed back in a plastic bag for shipping. Continuously X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department ECOLOGY: Rehabilitation of spoil areas Rehabilitation of spoil and topsoil deposited sites or back fill sites. filtered metals.in-water samples should be preserved  Holding times for acid preserved samples is six months except for mercury which is 28 days. present and extent of invasive alien plants ). magnesium.

5. NOx. Continuously  Regularly in connection with environmental and safety requirements Ensure that all waste is duly collected. O3.  Keep records of all waste and materials. PM. CO2. NOx. SO2. heavy metals subjected to their availability in the fuel. Stacks Emissions of SO2.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Monitoring parameters Reference location/3 monitoring point Page 32 Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 C  Ensure waste is disposed of according to the Internationally accepted good practices. segregated and disposed off according to legal requirements of the country  Keep records of the solid wastes disposed.) AIR QUALITY (See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable. O3 All emission locations within the construction area. Quarterly monitoring for other parameters Ideally a continuous emissions monitor is installed. VOCs.) Required DRC Mining Regulations All the points /sites of waste generation. CO. CO. alternatively bi-annual stack monitoring DRC Regional Mining Department n/a X X All the kiln / Preheater stack and Vehicles Implementin g Body . Regulatory Body NYA DRC Regional Mining Department O X X NYA X NYA Visual inspection . WASTE MANAGEMENT WASTE MANAGEMENT: solid waste disposal WASTE MANAGEMENT AIR QUALITY (See section Erreur ! Source du renvoi introuvable.continuous   NYA DRC Regional Mining Department NYA DRC Regional Mining Department Continuous monitoring for PM10 and PM2. Implementation of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals  All chemical storage areas PM10.

Review and as necessary. Random points on haul and access  roads Daily (random inspections of a portion of vehicles). focusing on worst-case levels expected at night Monitoring survey covering at least one 24-hour period per month Project Phase4 C O X X Additional 24-hour surveys during all plant maintenance shut-downs to verify background levels in the absence of plant noise. repeat survey (for a one-month duration ) every 6 months. Implementin g Body Regulatory Body NYA DRC Regional Mining Department X Log noise in 10-minute averaging intervals (LAeq. 10 min) L Pk (Linear peak sound pressure level) produced by air-blast NOISE: blast noise Reference location/3 monitoring point Page 33 Mbemba Village . At site access control point. Monitor roadworthiness of  all vehicles (NYA.  X DRC Regional Mining Department X n/a X X NYA .monitoring equipment to be set up at nearest receptor location. contractors. Continuous NYA X  If levels recorded in any one-month survey exceed acceptable 120 dB limit. and subcontractors) entering or leaving the site. continue survey to capture and monitor all blast events. Monitor speed limits on all  mine related traffic. move monitoring location in accordance with blast locations. As per blast frequency – capture all planned blast events X  If levels recorded in one-month survey are below acceptable 120 dB limit.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Monitoring parameters  NOISE: ambient continuous  noise  LAeq (A-weighted equivalent continuous sound pressure level)  TRAFFIC  Nearby villages (Mbemba and Mbamba Villages) Monitoring frequency and method   Monitor daytime and nighttime levels.

and material storage C O X X X X Implementin g Body Regulatory Body n/a NYA area Annual  Record total and new areas disturbed. Reporting should be monthly Grievance register (See Appendix 17 for the Grievance Mechanism) As and when grievances are registered X SOCIAL MONITORING PLAN GRIEVANCES Monitor community grievances and provide feedback X X . and areas where reclamation is complete. including a review of significant spill incidents and mitigation measures.  Evaluation on the effectiveness of the spill response plan. Monitoring criteria should be established based on reference areas and the post-mining land use being re-established. volume of soil salvaged. NYA DRC Regional Mining Department NYA n/a NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  Assess any material change to the conceptual layout plan GHG Inventory once developed will detail monitoring requirements. etc. especially during the initial soil removal and subsequent earthworks during construction. Reference location/3 monitoring point  Whole project site material storage areas Page 34 Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 including Monthly  Inspect activities for the implementation of mitigation measures including soil salvage/management. Ongoing. Keep record of inspections and areas visited.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Monitoring parameters Visual inspection. and  Establishment of program for the monitoring of closure plots to determine the effectiveness of rehabilitation activities CULTURAL HERITAGE GREENHOUSE GASES  Visual inspection (by a  person trained in heritage resource identification) All earth moving activities  Regularly during all earth moving activities. SOILS: Contamination and erosion  Site wide evaluation on the effectiveness of erosion control efforts including erosion control structures and measures implemented. To be detailed in GHG Inventory. storm water controls. and  Inspect chemical containment areas.

particularly vulnerable households (women. human resources) and the effectiveness of their deployment X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  Allocation of funds and capacity for identified development projects  Monitoring of participation (extent and effectiveness)  Progress in implementation  Evaluation of impacts  Outcomes of projects and programs  Monitoring of outputs (products of SDP projects or programs)  Inputs: Annually  Participation. children.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Monitoring parameters Reference location/3 monitoring point Page 35 Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 C RESETTLED HOUSEHOLDS Monitor to confirm the FRAP has been properly implemented Resettlement Action Plan (See Appendix 18)  Grievance meetings: once a month Implementin g Body Regulatory Body O X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  Quarterly meetings with resettled households until 2 years after resettlement  External review: annually after compensation until sustainability confirmed ECONOMIC DISPLACEMENT Finalisation and signing off of asset inventory Resettlement Action Plan (See Appendix 18)  Regular negotiations and consultations  Asset inventory an entitlement matrix: Once-off  Grievance meetings: once a month  External review: annually after compensation until sustainability confirmed RESETTLED VULNERABLE GROUPS Monitor livelihoods of resettled community. To be done together with the grievance register X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLAN  Agreed development initiatives Sustainable Development Plan (See Appendix 19)  Monitoring of inputs (funds. disabled) Resettlement Action Plan and Livelihoods Assessment and Income Restoration Plan (See Appendix 18) Monthly for the first year. followed by quarterly for the second year and as and when required after that. outputs and impacts: Bi-annually . elderly.

Include screening and examination for potential health impacts arising from dust OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Monitor employee health to assess if it is deteriorating with time or not. health. safety and community performance .SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Monitoring parameters Page 36 Reference location/3 monitoring point Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 C COMMUNITY AND HEALTH AND SAFETY  Formal and regular communication to affected communities  Record number of grievances received from communities A sample of community members Community Health and Safety Plan (See Appendix 13) Sustainable Development Plan (See Appendix 19) For community members. and actions taken to correct these  Record of OHS health and safety  Progress reports: Monthly  Community feedback structure  Record of formally lodged community complaints and actions taken  Contractor meetings to discuss environmental.before construction and annually afterwards Implementin g Body Regulatory Body O X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department Monthly for life of operation X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  Contractors meetings: Weekly X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  Determine baselines for selected individuals and monitor community health to assess if it is deteriorating with time or not. Include monitoring (Screening and Examination)for potential health impacts arising from dust All employees Occupational Health and Safety Plan (See Appendix 12) CONSULTATION AND DISCLOSURE Formal and regular communication to interested and affected communities and various stakeholders Stakeholder Engagement Plan (See Appendix 17) CONTRACTOR MANAGEMENT  Register complaints from project impacted communities regarding contractor activities Commit contractors to meeting the relevant responsibilities by means of a Code of Practice (to be developed) Occupational Health and Safety Plan (See Appendix 12)  Progress reports from contractors following community complaints regarding contractor activities  For all employees – during induction and annually afterwards  Feedback to NYA Sustainable Development Manager as well as NYA OHS committees  Record of formally lodged employee complaints.

SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Environmental component Reference location/3 monitoring point Monitoring parameters Page 37 Monitoring frequency and method Project Phase4 C EMPLOYMENT  Regular and accessible dissemination of the human resources and employment policy to interested and affected communities Implementin g Body Regulatory Body O Labour and Human Resources Plan (See Appendix 11) Sustainable Development Plan (See Appendix 19 Monthly feedback to community structures X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department Labour and Human Resources Plan (See Appendix 11) Sustainable Development Plan (See Appendix 19) 6-monthly Feedback to community development forum X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department Sustainable Development Plan (See Appendix 19) Quarterly Meetings with key authorities dealing with health.000 – 575. NYA will finance the community development related activities (as listed under the complementary initiatives) for . into their labour workplans CONSULTATION WITH AUTHORITIES  Two-way (NYA with authorities) communication and feedback channel  Engagement of community issues at meetings  Constructive input into the SDP The estimated cost for implementing the ESMP is estimated to USD 418. In addition to this cost. local infrastructure and mining X X NYA DRC Regional Mining Department  Complaints of inequality and discrimination in job selection LABOUR AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT  Adherence Conventions to ILO  Planning for structured skills development and counselling prior to closure  Engagement with the workforce to determine the skills deficit  Open communication channel between NYA and its workforce  Contractors incorporating the ideals of skilling and counselling prior to closure. This cost will be covered by the sponsor.000 USD per annum (table 5).

000 – 500.000 – 25.000-280.  Manage the support team of environmental.  Obtaining and maintaining all necessary permits in liaison with the Manager Legal.000-150.000 .  Review and analysis of monitoring results and preparation of reports to management and stakeholders.000 USD 380.000 – 40 000 ea Responsibilities:  Inspections/audits of environmental protection/ safety / social requirements by employees and sub-contractors. Table 5: Estimated potential cost ranges for implementation of the management plans outlined in Table 4 Item Amount / allocation Cost to company (range per annum) 1 USD 50. and community coordinators to implement the ESMS.000 USD. It should be noted that this cost does not include those of the measures that will be included directly in the contractor’s contract.000 7 USD 30. procedures. Environmental / Health and Safety / Community Development Co-ordinators Total: USD 50. health and safety.000 Total employment cost (for the above-mentioned personnel) EQUIPMENT AND CONSUMABLES Water sampling consumables 5% cost of employment USD 19.  Establishment and management of the relevant components of the grievance mechanism.  Prepare monitoring reports for submission to the General Manager and to stakeholders and the DPEM.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 38 an amount of 575.000 – 70 000 ea LABOUR Sustainable Development Manager Responsibilities:  Develop and implement an Environmental and Social Management System.000 – 50 000 ea Responsibilities:  Implementation of policies.000-70. and management plans (including stakeholder engagement).  Planning of and carrying out of training programs for employees and contractors.000 3 USD 40.  Implementation of the RAP Total: USD 210. Environmental / Safety / Community Development / Resettlement officers Total: USD 120.  Assistance with stakeholder engagement.  Sampling and data capture in accordance with the environmental / safety / social monitoring program and analysis of results.  Assistance with the preparation of environmental / safety / social monitoring reporting and permit applications.

000 .000 USD 418.000 – 575.000 – 50.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Transport and equipment TOTAL Page 39 10% cost of employment USD 38.

potential loss of a sacred prayer site. and focus group meetings were held with groups of women. Verbal presentations in French and Lingala were given by the SRK facilitators. reduced reliance on charcoal-making which impacts on the environment. Invitation letters to these meetings were distributed by hand and electronically in advance. Stakeholders comprised representatives from local government and Ministry of Environment officials. Opportunities for collaboration by NYA with local non-governmental and government (including police) structures were noted. Items noted included a request for support for local farmers. poverty reduction. as part of the ESIA conducted under the guidance of ECTECH. Lingala and Kikongo. where to find the reports. Public Consultations and Disclosure Consultation and interaction with various stakeholders and stakeholder groups took place during December 2012. stakeholders had the opportunity to provide written responses on a questionnaire (translated into French). Nkonda. as well as air pollution and dust impacts from the project. Information sharing and planning meetings were also held with traditional and administrative authorities representing local communities. promotion of education. loss of agricultural land from the project footprint. youth and men. during which stakeholders were informed about progress with the project. and alcoholism linked to unemployment. Stakeholder comments received during the ESIA conducted by ECTECH in 2012 indicated a positive perception about the project. improved road access such as bridges over rivers and to markets for produce. 7eme Etage Immeuble Forescom. 16 July to Wednesday. as well as pricing of cement in DRC. In addition to meetings and surveys where verbal presentations were made in Lingala and Kikongo. Public disclosure of the ESIA update was undertaken through the distribution of a Non-Technical Summary (NTS) in French. A list of the stakeholders consulted during this process was also compiled. and included these in the consultation process for the ESIA update. and were invited to raise further comment about the project. Stakeholders were notified by letter in French. availability of electricity for both the plant and communities in the light of existing shortages. and the traditional authorities. Concerns raised included loss of salaries and fair remuneration at project closure. Yuku Camp. mining. SRK then undertook a series of focus group and key informant meetings in June 2013 for the ESIA update. 31 July 2013 in the following locations:  Local Government Sector office in Mawete (on the N1 national road)  Nyumba Ya Akiba (NYA) office. SRK further identified additional villages to include in the ESIA studies.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 40 9. Mbemba. issues and overall perceptions expressed by stakeholders consulted during the focus group meetings and key informant interviews undertaken by SRK in June 2013 for the ESIA update mirrored those of the 2012 ESIA. 16. that the NTS is available for comment. community leaders. improvement to infrastructure (notably roads and electricity) and health facilities. hand delivered by NYA project team members. Lingala and Kikongo. Kinshasa – Gombe  Homes of the traditional Chiefs in the Kokolo. and stakeholders were encouraged to comment verbally or via a questionnaire used to focus discussion. The NTS together with comment forms were made available from Tuesday. with perceived benefits including provision of job and business development opportunities. improved lives for the youth. Government officials responded favourably in terms of expectations of macroeconomic benefits and improved availability. The NTS describes the project and provides a summary of the key findings and recommendations of the specialist studies. Comments. Mbamba. and how to comment. Kinsua. as well as increased social mobility being major themes. Mawete and Nkondo-Kiombia Villages . and community members from nearby villages. Avenue Lukusa. Minkelo.

(iii) Concern about the impact of dust generated by the project on air quality in the area. i) Provide X-max basket to the villagers only once. The total cost of the complementary initiatives is estimated to 575. To date. A total of approximately 430 comments sheets and 65 NTS reports in the different languages were distributed to stakeholders during public disclosure of the ESIA update. and placing it in the Comment Box provided at the Mawete Local Government Sector office. The above points are in addition to providing alternative accommodation for Yuku Camp Village settlers.000 USD which will be financed by NYA.co. 10. Following the public disclosure period.srk. j) Sell cement on factory price with quota to be approved by company from time to time. According to this contract NYA is to: a) Construct one (1) modern school b) Renovate one (1) school at Konda c) Provide free medical checkup through company’s clinic. f) Recruit some of its employees within the local community depending on the employment availability and their qualifications. or at the NYA office in Kinshasa. as well as to traditional authorities and community leaders in the project area. The Final ESIA will be submitted to NYA in early August 2013. and to bring development and improved infrastructure into the region. g) Provide 200 plastic chairs and 200 metal sheets per village.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 41  On the SRK website. (iv) Concern about potential impacts of project related activities on water resources in the area. the ESIA Report will be updated with inputs from stakeholders received by 31 July 2013. particularly because water is a precious resource. Stakeholders had the opportunity to comment by: (i) Completing the comment form available with the NTS. http://www. The brief points of this contract are as follows and most of them will be executed after the project completion. the key comments received from stakeholders on the ESIA update. (ii) Writing a letter or sending an email by 31 July 2013 to the contact details provided. the Territory Office in Songololo and Mawete Sector. (Total 7 villages) h) Develop water sources at the place convenient for company. focus mainly on the following: (i) Employment opportunities for local communities. Complementary Initiatives The strong commitment of NYA to the welfare of the local villagers is well reflected in its agreement already finalized with them.za/en/page/esia-nyumba-ya-akiba-project (also in English). d) Construct bridge over Sanzikua River. . This cost does not include activities f) to j). (ii) Eagerness for the project to start as soon as possible. The NTS will however still be available in the abovementioned locations for stakeholders to review. e) Construct roads as per company’s requirements these may be used by villagers too. for distribution to community members. Copies of the NTS together with the notification letter and comment form were also hand delivered to the relevant authorities in Kinshasa.

(iv) Development and implementation of a routine air quality monitoring program. the burning of large volumes of solid fossil fuels to drive the process leads to the release of significant volumes of carbon dioxide. reforestation. As with all cement manufacturing processes. (ii) Supporting the operation’s ongoing efforts to identify and implement opportunities for reducing the operation’s greenhouse gas emissions. The greenhouse gas emissions management plan for the project (see Appendix 14) reflects the following two major objectives: (i) Developing and maintaining a high-quality inventory that can satisfy all internal and external reporting and management requirements and. although flooding is reported to present a low to moderate risk given the high seasonal rainfall. (ii) identification and implementation of offset opportunities e. A greenhouse gas assessment was undertaken for the project. energy is used to drive auxiliary processes associated with cement manufacture. Since the cement will be produced locally and used for infrastructure development within the country. are recommended to minimize greenhouse gas emissions: (i) Implementation of the GHG Management Plan (Appendix 14) including the development of a GHG inventory and ongoing programme of GHG emission reduction initiatives. use of biofuels. Based on this assessment conducted using the available information. The following mitigation measures. The energy is delivered as electricity and as in NYA proposed plant’s case is generated as hydropower on offsite site at Inga Dam which does not release any GHG. which is carbon dioxide (CO2).g. Finally. No other significant sources of greenhouse gas are likely to be released as a result of the proposed operations. The greenhouse gas assessment indicated that the proposed plant technology is based on Best Available Technology (BAT) for cement manufacture. Data gaps. These relate to the following: (i) Finalisation of the project layout and . were identified and will be addressed before the project design and layout is finalised. In addition. The assessment concentrated on the main greenhouse gas emission that will be released. Climate change No specific climatic risks are reported for the area. A number of key actions and further studies for NYA to undertake prior to construction have been highlighted in the ESIA. large volumes of (CO2) are released as a result of the chemical reactions taking place during manufacture of clinker. Conclusions This ESIA update has (where possible within the given timeframes) filled the gaps identified by ERM relating to the ESIA by ECTECH. particularly relating to surface and groundwater. this will reduce the greenhouse gases produced to transport imported cement into the country. (iii) Regular maintenance and efficient operation of the cement manufacturing plant. Potential impacts that may result from each phase of the project were identified and the significance of each impact was rated (see Table 2 for summarised impact ratings both before and after the implementation of the recommended mitigation or enhancement measures).SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 42 11. 12. As part of detailed project design it is recommended that flood lines be determined for the project area and all project infrastructures are placed outside the 1:100 year flood line. all potential impacts initially rated as a high negative significance are expected to be mitigatable to a rating of medium or lower negative significance with effective implementation of the management measures listed in Table 3. listed in Table 2.

Modeste L. August 2013. please contact the following persons: NYA   Patrick Vandewalle. ONEC-3.: +243 81 541 61 68.: +243 816139388. Senior Environmental Specialist. (iv) Additional management plans required.: +216 71 10 1791. Email: cngoy@nyacement. Email: f.kinane@afdb. The ESIA reports reviewed are listed below. Tel. Managing Director. Kurt Lonsway. Tel.: +2711 44 1111. 13.org .org  M. E-mail: pvandewalle@nya-cement. Environmental Scientist. EHSS Manager. (ii) Gaps in baseline data. Private Sector Department (OPSM). (iii) Finalisation and implementation of Policy and management structure. Email: nrump@srk. Tel. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) report for the Nyumba Ya Akiba cement plant For further information on the ESIA for the Nyumba Ya Akiba cement plant. Email: m.com SRK Consulting  Lyn Brown. References and Contacts The ESIA reports.lonsway@afdb.  M. BP 323 . Principal Environmental Scientist. Tel. Kinané. Senior Investment Officer. email:lbrown@srk. including annexes and supplemental study reports were the primary documents used in preparing this summary. Tel.: +216 71 10 3313.rodrigues@afdb.org . Environment and Climate Change Division (ONEC-3).com Christian Ngoy Ndombe.co.1002 Tunis Belvédère.: +216 71 10 29 33. Email: k. Tel.co. Fernando Rodrigues. Tel. Tunisia. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) update report for the Nyumba Ya Akiba cement plant  ECTECH. January 2013.SRK Consulting: Project No: 463574 Updated ESIA for NYA Cement Project – Executive Summary Page 43 description (based on the results of additional studies).  SRK.: +2741 5094800. Manager.za African Development Bank  M.za  Nicola Rump.