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History of a barangay
The word Barangay comes from the Malay word “balangay,” meaning sailboat.
During the 16th century, before the settlement of the Spaniards, the Barangays were
a dominant organizational pattern among indigenous communities within the
Philippine Archipelago.The first barangays started as small communities occupied
50 to 100 families. During that time villages had only thirty to one hundred houses
and the population varies from one hundred to five hundred persons.
In today’s society, it refers to the smallest administrative division The Spanish first
arrived in 1521 and established relatively permanent settlements in 1574. The
difference between the term used during the Spanish and the term used today
would be that the modern entity represents a geographical entity, the pre-colonial
barangays represented loyalty to a particular head.
Discovery of phils by Magellan
On September 20, 1519, a Portuguese explorer named Ferdinand Magellan, led the
first expedition to circumnavigate the globe in search of valuable spices while being
accompanied by a crew of 241 men and five ships named Trinidad, San Antonio,
Concepcion, Victoria and Santiago.
His ships arrived at Homonhon island in Samar on March 16, 1521, named it Isla San
Lazaro, erected a cross, and claimed it for Spain. The islands were later named
Filipinas (Philippines) in honor of King Philip of Spain. On April 14, 1521, in Cebu
where Magellan erected a huge cross which is now the famous “Magellan’s Cross.”
Also he gifted the converts with the Sto. Niño images as peace symbol.
Magellan was killed on April 27, 1521 during the Battle of Mactan by natives of the
island led by local chieftain Lapu-Lapu, who refused to recognize Spanish authority.
The battle was considered the first Filipino resistance against foreign invaders, and
Lapu-Lapu was hailed a hero.
National territory of the Philippines
The current Philippine Constitution, ratified in a plebiscite in 1987, defines the
Philippines' national territory thus:
“The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and
waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has
sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains,
including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other
submarine areas. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the
archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal
waters of the Philippines.
 Terrestrial – refers to the land mass, which may be integrate or dismembered,
or partly bound by water or consists of one whole island.
Arianna Kevina Villaluna

The Philippine Archipelago with all the islands embraced therein Philippine Archipelago: > Treaty of Paris. The policy of making the Philippines a province of Spain and of making the Filipinos Spanish Citizens has been called Assimilation. Straight Archipelagic Baseline. make Philippines a province of Spain and to make Filipinos be part of the Spanish law making body. mutual protection of all members in the case of necessity . Del Pilar he was the founder of the Spanish-Tagalog newspaper called the Diariong Taglog which published ideas on how to improve the administration of the country. Graciano Lopez Jaena was the first editor of La solidaridad. stop the Spaniards from making the Philippines a backwards country and exalt liberal ideas. commerce and education and the defense against any kind of violence and injustice . Marcelo H.the Kármán Line lies an altitude of 100 km (62 mi) above the Earth's sea level and is commonly define the boundary between the Earth's atmosphere and outer space. Claim to Sabah. Dr. The National Territory is comprised of: 1. All other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction > Includes any territory that presently belongs or might in the future belong to the Philippines through any of the accepted international modes of acquiring territory. Archipelagic State. The aims were to make Filipinos Spanish citizens. > Aerial. Treaty of Washington November 7 1900 and the Convention between US and Great Britain 1930. Jose Rizal is known for Noli mi Tangere and El filibusterismo and founded the La Liga Filipina. the encouragement of agriculture. Other territories belonging to the Philippines by historic or legal title (1973 Constitution). which became the propaganda arm of the Filipino reformists in composed of the Internal waters and Archipelagic waters. December 10 1898. > Batanes (1935 Constitution). Arianna Kevina Villaluna 3ACN . The aims were to fight reaction from the Spanish. The reform movement began in 1882 and lasted up to the early months of 1896.> Fluvial. The aims of La liga Filipina were to unite the whole archipelago into one strong body . Territorial sea and the Contiguous zone. 2. Spratly Islands (PD 1596 of June 11 1968) Campaign of reforms The reasons for the reform was that the Filipinos weren’t able to participate in the government and they were displeased because they became poor and were loaded with heavy taxes. https://en. 4.blogspot.slideshare. http://skinnycases.html 2. http://www.References: Arianna Kevina Villaluna 3ACN .