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Research Methodology Chapter

Research Methodology Chapter Home
Writing the research methodology chapter of a thesis or dissertation, after completing the
literature review chapter). can be tricky. The purpose of this chapter is to let the readers know
that the results are accurate and that you have considered all of the potential variables. In fact,
the chapter regarding methodology differentiates a research from a non-research document. The
services from Dissertation India ensure that your Research Methodology justifies the most
appropriate research design for apprehending the research problem, the means used for data
collection and the techniques used for data analysis.
As explained by Lee and Lings (2008), this section provides a link between the research problem
and the methods selected to analyse the problem. The Methodology section is primarily divided
into two parts. While the first part comprises of the type of data used and the research method
used, the second part includes an in depth analysis of the data collected. The methodology
concludes with a brief note on the research ethics and accuracy of the research.
The layout of your research methodology chapter should include an overview of your
approach, followed by the methods you will adopt to collect and analyse data. You must
understand that the term methodology is much more comprehensive than just methods, and
includes the entire approach you adopt towards your research. This can certainly be difficult to
compile; but it is absolutely critical when you want others to accept the validity of your work.
For a better compilation, you should get references and consult experts wherever necessary.
The way you collect your data reflects in the research methodology chapter. It can be primary or
secondary data, depending on whether you collect data yourself or use information published
elsewhere. The way the data has been analysed must also be explained. Details regarding size
and nature of the sample selected must also be included. The approach adopted by you depends
on which type of research you intend to do, qualitative or quantitative. It is considered best to
combine the two methods, to prove complete validity and reliability of your results.
When you work with us, we will suggest the most suitable approach for research. The precise
tools to be taken up are also given by us, and their working explained in detail, as we have
expertise in different kinds of tools. Our guides with prepare for you a research questionnaire
that will help you in collection of data easily and in a time bound manner.
You need to be clear, as well as, concise for readers to understand that you were thorough and
left no gaps and errors in your experiment or research. At the same time, you need to ensure that
you are not providing so much detail that someone picking up the journal can immediately
recreate your entire research. Maintaining this balance can be tough as there is a very thin line
that lies between insufficient data and providing what is more than necessary.
Unfortunately for some, all of the research conducted is highly valid, and it is the actual act of

The following subjects may or may not be in the order required by a particular institution of higher education. So exploring the possible outcome will give you a fair idea of the way the research is going to progress. This means that you test your results on a targeted population. measures. As your guides in the process of doing a dissertation. but more importantly. The chapter should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of the study. is by conducting a pilot study. If you are worried that you are not going to be able to properly explain your methodology or prove that you have covered every potential variable and ensured that your work is sound. It is not just you who needs to understand the research methodology. One way that you can use to ensure that the methodology you have adopted for analysis of data will give the desired result. The finest dissertations are capable of changing the way we look at aspects of the world. you may not be the best judge of how much of the methodology needs to be explained and in what manner. WRITING CHAPTER 3: THE METHODOLOGY Our consultants are skilled in both quantitative and qualitative methods and can assist students choose and defend an appropriate research design. you need to ensure that you convey this in the best way possible. but all of the subjects constitute a defensible methodology chapter. including the sample. and knowing that your methodology is proven sound can make this easier to accomplish. A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project. as you are venturing on a previously unknown path.writing out the methodology that gets flawed along the way. We also design an appropriate questionnaire with which your pilot study can be successfully completed. in effect. the information might be just too much to assimilate and explain with clarity. we prepare for you the best possible framework of research methodology. After having analysed it in many different ways. The purpose of the methodology chapter is to give an experienced investigator enough information to replicate the study. Writing experts can ensure that your entire hard work and efforts do not go to waste or underappreciated due to flaws in the writing process. a textbook. When your methodology and results are sound. and methods of assignment. work together to address the central research questions in the study. Or in some cases. Some advisors do not understand this and require students to write what is. This happens because you have collected all the data and dealt with the information so closely. it is your evaluator. you may benefit from hiring a professional to write your research methodology chapter or to help you do so. Appropriateness of the Research Design .

Research Design A qualitative study does not have variables. Typically. mixed methods. The effect is the difference in perceived effectiveness between mediums. qualitative. data collection procedures. development of the instrument. Ten to twelve participants may prove sufficient in qualitative inquiries involving the understanding of experiences and perceptions of participants. The designated approach should be defended by contrasting and comparing it with alternate methods and rejecting those that do not meet the needs of the study. causal-comparative. which are sometimes mentioned in Chapter 1 and defined in more depth in Chapter 3. Such an analysis uses the alpha level and the population effect size (the estimated effect of the independent variable within the target population) to estimate the number of participants needed to demonstrate an existing effect. Sample size is based on the total number of potential participants. correlational. In a quantitative study. but required by others. Describe the participant pool. Pilot Study In a quantitative study. variables. Describe the pilot study as it relates to the research design. Sometimes an operational statement of the research hypotheses in null form is given to set the stage for later statistical inferences. Setting and Participants In a quantitative study. state the level of significance that will be used to accept or reject the hypotheses. quantitative. which refers to an 80% certainty that an existing effect will be found in the sample.This section is optional in some institutions. a survey instrument that is researcher designed needs a pilot study to validate the effectiveness of the instrument. Specify that the research for the dissertation is experimental. describe the geographic location where the study will take place. Be specific. quasi-experimental. This section should not be a textbook description of various research designs. A successful purposeful sample in a phenomenological study could range from 1 to 40. researchers strive for a power of . In a scientific study. The required sample size should be determined through a power analysis. a needless redundancy. and the value of the questions to elicit the right information to answer the primary research questions in. Spell out the independent and dependent. or characteristics of the sample. a pilot study may precede the main observation to correct any problems with the instrumentation or other elements in the data collection technique. Instrumentation . An unfortunate trend in some institutions is to repeat the research questions and/or hypotheses in both Chapter 1 and Chapter 3. or another design. cite recognizable landmarks such as a nearby urban city. the decision regarding the number of participants in a study becomes a reflection the study’s purpose. but a focused effort to match a rational research design with the purpose of the study. A scientific study has variable. In a qualitative study.80.

the precise method of how the data were processed and then analyzed is described. and evaluating research. If the instrument is researcher created. which are not asked of the participants. In a quantitative study. and an interview protocol. A paragraph must be inserted that states the study is deemed to be one of minimal risk to participants and that the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research will not be greater than any ordinarily encountered in daily life. This section is nearly identical in all qualitative studies. not in the body of the text. Ethical concerns are important. This is also the place where any study involving human subjects must state that it is compliant with the U. Care should be taken to ensure that the participants fully understood the . If the study involves interviews. which may include an illustration of the setup. and the interview questions that are based on the primary research questions and are asked of the participants. an interview protocol should be developed that will result in a consistent process of data collection across all interviews. Data Processing and Analysis In both qualitative and quantitative studies. in qualitative studies. In a scientific study. the procedures for the protection of human participants should be stated. the scale should be described. Ethical Considerations In a qualitative study. or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests. Procedure Fully describe how the data were collected. If a Likert scale is used. which makes it subject to identification as plagiarism when submitted to a mechanical plagiarism tool.S. Instruments should be placed in an appendix. this is the section where most of the appendices are itemized. the instrumentation used to collect data is described in detail. particularly in reference to planning. and produce data that can be quickly incorporated in Chapter 4. If the instrument is researcher created. Most qualitative studies include both a demographic survey to develop a picture of the participants. In a qualitative study. the background of the instrument is described including who originated it and what measures were used to validate it. the process used to select the questions should be described and justified. this section will detail when and how the data were collected. Internet services are fast and accurate. the instrument used to collect data may be created by the researcher or based on an existing instrument. starting with letters of permission to conduct the study and letters of invitation to participate with attached consent forms. conducting. 45 CFR § 46. Department of Health and Human Services Code of Federal Regulations.In a qualitative study. If an existing instrument is used. Two types of questions are found in an interview protocol: the primary research questions. a pilot study should be conducted to test the instrument. data collection and analysis is accomplished by using any one of several data collection and analysis tools available on the Internet such as SurveyMonkey. Increasingly.102(2009). The study should present minimal risk to participants pertaining to experimental treatment or exposure to physical or psychological harm.

Regardless of whether a self-designed or validated instrument is used to collect data. External validityis the extent to which the results of the study can reflect similar outcomes elsewhere. Internal and External Validity Validity is the criteria for how effective the design is in employing methods of measurement that will capture the data to address the research questions. and can be generalized to other populations or situations. and identification of participants will not be available during or after the study. . Internal validity in quantitative studies refers to the study’s ability to determine cause and effect. how validity will be assured must be stated. or whether it is a qualitative or quantitative study. Pilot testing of instruments is a procedure to enable the researcher to make modifications to an instrument based on results. Triangulation validates the methodology by an examination of the results from several perspectives Summary Summarize the research design and prepare the reader for the next chapter. There are two types of validity: internal. A statement should be made that confidentiality of recovered data will be maintained at all times.nature of the study and the fact that participation is voluntary. Internal validity is a confirmation of the correctness of the study design. Triangulation of the results enhances the validity of findings. and external. Internal validity can be assured in both qualitative and quantitative studies with pilot testing of the proposed survey instrumentation to assure that the instrument is clear and unambiguous. How the study is conducted and reported is illustrative of the validity and reliability and should align with the theoretical framework in Chapter 1.