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ENG1100

Introduction to engineering
design

Information Book
On-campus Students Only
Toowoomba
Semester 1 2016

Published by
University of Southern Queensland
Toowoomba Queensland 4350
Australia
http://www.usq.edu.au
© University of Southern Queensland, 2016 S1.

Copyrighted materials reproduced herein are used under the provisions of the Copyright Act 1968 as amended, or
as a result of application to the copyright owner.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any
means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission.

ENG1100- Introduction to engineering design

1

Table of contents
Page

Course ENG1100 overview
Module 1 overview
Module 2 overview
Module 3 overview

1
2
3
4

Getting started

6

Introduction

7

Course resources

9

Study schedule

12

Assessment

14

Assignment submission
Assignment 1: Drafting
Assignment 2a: Design report
Assignment 2b: Design, Build and Test
Assignment 3: Drafting

14
15
24
28
33

© University of Southern Queensland

2

ENG1100- Introduction to engineering design

Course ENG1100 overview
Students with
NO previous
drafting
instruction
should
commence here

Students WITH
previous drafting
instruction
should
commence here

ALL students
study this
module

Module 1
(Study Book 1)
Basic Drafting
Techniques
Module 2
(Study Book 2)
Specialist Drafting
Techniques
Module 3
(Study Book 2)
Conceptual
Design

© University of Southern Queensland

ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 3 Module 1 overview Basic Drafting Techniques Sketching Techniques using pencil and paper Orthographic Projection    Dimensioning Sectioning Auxiliary projection Pictorial Views  Isometric  Oblique/parallel © University of Southern Queensland .

4 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Module 2 overview Specialist Drafting Techniques  Use of Computer Aided Drafting Systems CAD:  Preparation of two-dimensional engineering drawings using CAD Surveying:   Contour plans Traverse from field book entry Civil 1    Structural steel General building construction Detailing of beams Civil 2    Reinforced concrete Graphical representation Bending schedules Mechanical    Dimensional tolerancing Geometric tolerancing Surface finish notation Electrical    Schematic diagrams Common symbols to Australian standards Simple circuit diagrams © University of Southern Queensland .

ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 5 Module 3 overview Conceptual Design Deterrents to the Creative Process The Creative process Design Methods Decision making Human Factors in Design Sustainability in Engineering Design (Life-Cycle Engineering) (provided online) Industrial design (provided online) © University of Southern Queensland .

Use this site as a reference point to find information on: ● getting started ● organising enrolment ● assessment ● learning support ● student services ● student support ● opportunities ● graduation and beyond.au/current-students/> provides links to essential information which will assist you in your studies at USQ. © University of Southern Queensland .usq.edu.6 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Getting started The Current Students website <http://www.

 One solution is to solve the problem with a design approach. war/defence. new material selection options. (Refer to the previous pages for an overview of the course and modules. There is significant integration of the two as they are used as parts of the one total design procedure. you will not be required to consider such details for your design. sustainability. transportation. although recognizing when a technical analysis is required is something to start to think about. It is essential that. The drive for this change could be multifaceted: demand for domestic appliances. they will be treated separately in ENG1100 and assessed separately. design and drafting are not as clearly separate as this course may suggest. built/manufactured.  You should then be able to justify your selection. drawn. (There are many facets to solving problems and a design approach is one. free you to exercise a high degree of creativity and lateral thinking. urban growth. marketed and serviced. only design concepts will be required. Because you have not studied technical aspects of materials and the mechanical properties of components or other advanced engineering considerations. This will. The course has been prepared to give you exposure to the basic design process. you have an awareness and some skills in the basic concepts of design including communication using drafting. Almost all facets associated with these changes would need to be designed. DESIGN and DRAFTING In reality. the environment. economic efficiency. analysed. specified.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 7 Introduction We live in a world of change. You will be required to apply appropriate design methods and decision making techniques – and you will have to fully document the whole process leading to your solution. During your studies throughout your degree. The alternatives you discard after due consideration may be as useful to the process as the one you ultimately choose. of course. The course content is presented in three modules in two study books.  You should have sufficient drafting skills to be able to present the solution graphically in sufficient details to allow drafters to prepare working drawings. improved safety. as future engineers. However. Design requirements For this course. you will encounter various approaches to problem solving)  There are always many solutions and you should determine the most effective of the alternatives. etc. © University of Southern Queensland . viz. The typical sequence of real-life events that the course deals with is:  You are faced with a problem. ENG1100 will get you started at developing those skills. costed. politics. new manufacturing techniques. energy efficiency. Note! The study of both the design and the drafting segments of this course should proceed concurrently.) This course is comprised of two discrete components.

I hope you find the course interesting. Drafting requirements To allow you to communicate your design graphically and meaningfully. Those who have not studied drafting before should work carefully through Module 1 attempting the activities prescribed. It should be noted that ENG1100 only requires 50% of total marks for the course to achieve a passing grade. They may wish to use it as a refresher course. © University of Southern Queensland . You must also be able to interpret a drawing in any of the engineering disciplines.: Module 1 – Basic drafting techniques Module 2 – Specialist drafting techniques ● Mechanical ● Civil ● Electrical ● Surveying In this course all drafting will be done in two methods: 1. There is no need to submit them for correction unless you wish to ask questions about them. The drafting section comprises two modules. Every endeavour is made to allow you to put your own emphasis on the course according to the branch of engineering you are studying as your major. Those who have studied drafting before may not need to study module 1 in this course. using a 2D CAD program. at a basic level. a pass in every individual assessment item is not required.8 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Note Module 3 presents the material appropriate to the design component. These activities are formative only. you need considerable drafting skill and you must exhibit a high level of understanding of the drafting techniques and conventions. freehand sketching 2. Therefore this course gives instruction. Survey and Electrical Drafting. Civil. viz. in Mechanical. Refer to Study Book 1 Section 1.1 for further information on sketching and CAD techniques. Modules 2 and 3 must be studied by all students in this course. Assessment covers all aspects of the course and this reflects the intention to give students exposure to the various disciplines. Please note: Module 1 is specifically designed for those who have not previously studied technical drawing to at least Year 10 (Qld High Schools) level. However. Assignment 1 which covers basic drafting and design is to be completed by all students.

This software is reliable and runs easily on most computers in the vast majority of cases. Freehand sketching is still a very important skill to acquire. It is recommended to use the free AutoCAD version available from Autodesk.com> (Follow the Free Software for Students links on the site. In the course we require you to use a computer-aided drafting package for the drafting component. This may be achieved in several ways including: ● use of CAD in your workplace ● possession of your own copy of a CAD package ● download software from Autodesk <http://students. You may be able to locate a CAD package through that avenue. Some people prefer to freehand sketch drawings before creating them on CAD. Use the ‘Forum for problems with downloading/installing AutoCAD’ on StudyDesk to seek advice or ask questions) ● other access – through friends. It is desirable that students should have access to a 2D CAD software package of industry standard. Another alternative is for you to check out the Internet. We hope for a high standard of work from students. Some must be seen as essential and some as very useful aids though not essential. Ray Malpress Course examiner Course resources Study materials for the drafting component Equipment Every job is made easier if you have the correct tools. The tools used in drafting are many and varied. Engineering personnel need to be able to provide a freehand sketch of a solution to a problem to assist visualising ideas and communicating them to others. You will be required to produce freehand sketches as part of Assignment 1. etc. On behalf of the teaching team I wish you an enjoyable and rewarding study. Remember though you will need to familiarise yourself with the package you select and that it will need to cover drawings in all the areas covered in the course specifications. so submit your very best efforts for assessment. All assignments are to be submitted electronically via StudyDesk – more details for electronic submission are given at the beginning of each assignment.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 9 The teaching staff enjoy their involvement in the course and are happy to discuss any aspect of the course with you. © University of Southern Queensland . More is said on assessment later in this introductory material. register using your USQ email address.autodesk. It also helps identify any complications that may occur.

The teaching team may be able to assist if you wish to find the corresponding section/example from an earlier version. The lead grades I suggest you try are HB. Printable versions of grid sketching sheets can be downloaded from StudyDesk. Staedler. Text Engineering drawing (8th edn) by Boundy. When you purchase your text.g. you can use some fine grit emery paper to finish the point. Note that all of these require careful sharpening of the lead. Drawing paper An ideal medium on which to produce a freehand sketch is prepared sketching paper either orthogonal (squared) or isometric depending on the sketch to be prepared. B or 2B Pencil sharpener You may use any pencil sharpener appropriate. This is a McGraw-Hill publication and is the source of many of the exercises you will be required to attempt. Mars ● Drafting clutch pencil with 2 mm lead ● Fineline propelling/clutch pencil. Pencils Acceptable variations include: ● Standard wooden pencil – but buy a good brand. You are expected to read Boundy until you are familiar with its contents. Experiment with options including a blade (such as a craft knife) to prepare the point. some sketching paper is included – it may be enough for your purposes. Eraser You will need a good quality eraser and a way to maintain a reasonable wedge-shaped end for precise use. Don’t be satisfied with a result from an ill-prepared pencil when a better drawing can be achieved with a little extra effort preparing the pencil. In the extreme. These students will find the page numbers and exercise numbers will differ in earlier editions of the text. Using the text The study material won’t necessarily direct you to all the information in the text. A ‘Study Book page references between Text Book editions’ will be available on StudyDesk for some previous editions of the text. © University of Southern Queensland .ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 10 The materials used in the freehand sketching are pencils and paper with associated accessories. Freehand sketches for Assignment 1 must be completed on the grid paper provided on the Study Desk. Not all mechanical sharpeners are good for sharpening drafting pencils. Many students may be using earlier editions of the text. e. Pay attention to the effectiveness of the pencil you are using.

The Study Book has the basics. Don’t make the mistake of thinking you must have a technical person to solve a technical problem. It is recommended that you read extra material on conceptual design. ergonomics and design methods.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 11 Study materials for the design component There is no set text for the design part of this course. Some Selected readings are available in the Useful Links block on ENG1100 Studydesk. I would like to see you use your family and friends or colleagues to constructively criticise your ideas or to suggest alternative solutions. Most technical libraries would have some volumes addressing these areas. © University of Southern Queensland .

6.11 NOTE: 25 March is Good Friday holiday.33. Wednesday 10-11am R113 (Design) Tutorials: Wednesday 2-5pm. 6. 8.2. Ray Malpress.9. 6. all in Z310and Z311 Tutors: Toby Low.18. Ex 6. rooms to be advised) © University of Southern Queensland . Thursday 1-4pm.29 Presenter: Toby Low Dimensioning *Ex 6. 7. Friday 10am-1pm.7.10 Design presentations practice Note: in prescribed tut sessions and rooms Reminder: End of week 8 is the last date to drop S2 courses without academic penalty. 5&6 Mid-semester Break 28 March – 8 April 7 11 -15 April Pictorial views Presenter: Toby Low 8 18-22 April Sustainable design Presenter: Toby Low NOTE: Lecture in H102 for Wed Week 5 Only Presentation skills Industrial design Presenter: Ray Malpress Presenter: Toby Low Pictorial views *Ex 8. Students can attend other tuts if seats are available Reminder: End of week 4 is the last date to drop S1 courses without academic or financial penalty. 9 25 – 29 April Introduction to specialist drafting techniques Presenter: Les Bowtell Life cycle Presenter: Toby Low Design presentations Ass 1: due 25 April Ass2 Part A – Presentations (Note: During prescribed tutorials.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 12 Study schedule (Please confirm room and times in your class timetables on StudyDesk) Lectures: Tuesday 1-2pm R113 (Drafting).37 Auxiliary views Human factors in design Auxiliary views Presenter: Toby Low Presenter: Toby Low *Ex 7. Peter Penfold and Khalid Saleh Week Drafting Design Activity Assessment 1 29 Feb – 4 March 2 Introduction to ENG1100 Intro to design Presenter: Ray Malpress Presenter: Toby Low Sketching/ orthographic projection 7-11 March Presenter: Toby Low 3 Sectioning/ dimensioning 14-18 March Presenter: Toby Low 4 21-25 March Creativity Presenter: Toby Low Introduction to CAD using AutoCAD Sketching and orthographic projection.10 Design matrix Sectioning *Ex 6.

McGraw Hill. Engineering drawing.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Week 10 2–6 May Drafting Electrical drafting Presenter: Les Bowtell 11 9-13 May 12 16-20 May 13 23-27 May Design Activity 13 Assessment Surveying Presenter: Peter Penfold Structural steel drafting Structural steel drafting Presenter: Peter Penfold Presenter: Peter Penfold Reinforced concrete drafting Reinforced concrete drafting Presenter: Peter Penfold Presenter: Peter Penfold Assembly drawing Assembly drawing Surveying example on StudyDesk Structural steel example on StudyDesk Reinforced concrete example on StudyDesk *Ex. 9.4 Presenter: Peter Penfold Presenter: Peter Penfold Detail drawing Detail drawing *Ex. AW 2012. 8th edn. 9.10 Ass2 Pt B – Design Build and Test Assessment days (Note: During prescribed tutorial times. room to be advised) Complete drafting assignment Assignment 3: Drafting Due: 10 June 14 30 May – 3 June Presenter: Peter Penfold Presenter: Peter Penfold 15 6 – 10 June 16–17 No lecture No lecture EXAMINATION PERIOD 13-24 June * Boundy. © University of Southern Queensland .

Note: There is no examination in this course. Further details on submission formats are provided at the beginning of each assignment. The drafting component is assessed by two assignments: ● Basic drafting assignment (Assignment 1) ● Specialist drafting assignment (Assignment 3) These assignments and their marking schedules are presented at the end of this introductory material.14 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Assessment Summative The design component of the course is assessed in one question of Assignment 1 and mainly in Assignment 2. © University of Southern Queensland . Formative Students who study Module 1 of the course will find a number of Activities interspersed throughout the text. A student is free to decide which of these will be attempted. These are designed to nurture drafting skills for those who have not drawn previously. Assignment submission All assignments are to be submitted electronically via StudyDesk.

via StudyDesk.dwg file format).  A Computer Aided 2D Drafting program must be used for the drafting questions of this assessment. Completeness and effectiveness of the drawing in portraying the required detail will be the assessment criteria. Submission instructions: ● This assignment is to be submitted electronically.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 15 Assignment 1: Drafting Description Assignment 1: Drafting Marks out of Due date 300 of the 1000 marks for this course 25 April 2016 Special instructions:  Answer all 5 questions as directed.  All CAD drafting solutions must be drawn to suit an A3 sized drafting sheet.dwg © University of Southern Queensland .  All dimensions are in millimeters (mm). undertake the drawing as per the instructions in the question. ‘Print’ (print as PDF file) using the ‘monochrome’ (black and white) setting. Convert your drawing file into a PDF file.FILEEXT (Note: I have used the name SMITH with ID number 006100500 as an example) ● AutoCAD (or equivalent) DWG file of Q1 Drawing: Using a 2D CAD package. Do not use drawing aids. ● Your assignment must be submitted as eight separate files (as specified below). using the following naming convention SMITH_006100500_Q1_CAD. such as rulers or setsquares.pdf document. Instructions in the Setting up AutoCAD drawing environment in the General Information and Resources block on StudyDesk. Save this drawing file (as a .  Your response to the ‘Design Assessment’ question must be word-processed but submitted as a . Please note that you will need to work on Assignment 2 at the same time as this assignment. ● Make careful note of the format and naming convention used for each file: STUDENTLASTNAME_STUDENTID_QNUMBER_FILEDESCRIPTION.  Questions 4 is a free hand sketch.  The marking schedule shows the breakdown of marks for each question.

using the setting that you would use for a hard.pdf file.dwg files is a cross-check in the case of submission or marking issues. ensure that the pdf images are complete and of a quality that accurately reflects the detail of the drawing files.pdf format only i. using the following naming convention SMITH_006100500_Q4_SKETCH.pdf ● Repeat this procedure for Questions 2 and 3. The requirement to submit the .pdf file with the naming convention: SMITH_006100500_Q4_REPORT. SKETCH. you will not be able to change and resubmit any of the files. and REPORT will be marked.pdf documents of the DRAWINGS.  PDF File of Q4 Sketch: Using the template of A4 square-grid sketching sheet (download from StudyDesk).pdf ● For Question 5 submit the report in . Therefore.e. Scan and Save this as a PDF file. undertake the free-hand sketch of your answer. Only the .copy print of the drawing using the following naming convention SMITH_006100500_Q1_PDF_DRAWING. The teaching team is available to resolve any submission issues. save your word processed document as a .ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 16  PDF File of the AutoCAD (or equivalent) Q1 Drawing: ‘Print’ this drawing to a . © University of Southern Queensland .pdf ● Once you have uploaded your submission.

p.) © University of Southern Queensland . ii. 8th edn. Fully dimension and submit on a fully completed ENG1100 Border with title block. Draw. but the centres are in the same vertical plane. McGraw Hill. 153. the following orthogonal views: i. Use a scale of 1:1 and plot on an A3 sheet. The wall thickness at W1 is 6 mm and at W2 is 12 mm. Figure 1: Bearing Pedestal: NOTE – the external flange is not concentric with the bearing surface. a Front View from A a Sectional Side View from B on a vertical cutting plane through the centre line of the bearing journals iii.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 17 Question 1 (70 marks) A pictorial view of a bearing pedestal is given in Figure 1. in Third Angle Projection. Engineering drawing. a Top View. (Source: Boundy AW.

10th edn. Fundamentals of engineering drawing. the following views in third angle projection.18 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 2 (60 marks) Figure 2 gives an isometric view of an angle bracket. ii. a front view taken from A. Draw. Orient the front view so the surface designated as length 115 mm in Figure 2 is horizontal.) Figure 2: Angle bracket (Source: Luzadder & Duff 1989.) © University of Southern Queensland . Prentice Hall. p. (Note: The ƒ symbol indicates surfaces machined flat. Dimension the auxiliary views only. 177. using a scale of 1:1. i. two partial auxiliary views showing details of each of the inclined outer faces.

Choose an appropriate scale to fit the drawing on an A3 sheet. p.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 3 19 (55 marks) Make an Isometric Drawing of the sliding block shown in Figure 3. 162) © University of Southern Queensland . Figure 3: Sliding Block (Source: Jensen & Mason 1976. Drafting Fundamentals. McGraw Hill.

umbrella attachment and Tiller removable for transport Figure 4: One-person golf cart Motorcycle style throttle speed control All wheels 320 mm OD (Malpress. You’ve seen this cart on display and want to develop a design around the same concept. we require an accurate representation of the cart shown in Figure 4. Two 250 W mot ors Seat. so step one is to have a drawing that you can work on for design improvement. Include details and annotations. For this assignment question. Use a suitable scale to depict the view well on an A4 sheet. Do not include the golf bag. 2015) © University of Southern Queensland .20 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 4 (45 marks) Freehand sketch one appropriate orthographic view of the one-person golf cart shown in Figure 4.

Your task is to assess the trend in battery powered electric lawn mowers. Your analysis should discuss the following: ● NEED – What is the need that led to the development of the piece of equipment? Is there a true ‘need’ for battery powered mowers or are they an option supplied in response to market demand? If you identify another reason for the trend or than need. Compare with internal combustion engine powered mowers. Some of these drivers are the need for (or development in) safety. Identify what characteristics are required in the features of a battery powered lawn mower in comparison to an engine powered one. This improving battery technology is making battery powered equipment serious competitors for equipment once powered by internal combustion engines. we stated that design is driven by change and need. Note: Please consider the different marks associated with each section in the marking criteria as a guide to the significance of each aspect to help write your report. This is even extending to cars. ● EVOLUTION OF DESIGN – How did features of battery bowered mower evolve from their first introduction to their present forms? What were the drivers for the changes? Consider the historical development and recent trends. © University of Southern Queensland . Also indicate the number of words used in the report. economic trends and technology improvements. You need to word process your report but save and submit as a . energy efficiency.pdf document. Suggest which design feature may become more prevalent in future years. Some suggest the rate of improvement in battery technology compares to the improvement achieved in the past in computer hardware technology. machines or systems in our everyday lives have been driven by some of these factors. consumer trends. ease of use and change in demand resulting from public perception. explain how this is responsible for the trend.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 21 Question 5 (70 marks) In the introduction. See next pages for Marking Schedule for all questions. Battery technology is improving at an increasing rate. appliances. ● MATERIAL SPECIFICATION – What materials are used in the manufacture of battery powered mowers? Discuss the changes in material specification and how this has allowed for improved designs? What characteristics of materials in battery powered mowers are different from engine powered mowers? Why? ● SUSTAINABLE DESIGN – Discuss the ‘sustainability’ aspects of recent trends. All the objects. production efficiency. ● DESIGN IMPROVEMENT – Think outside-the-circle? What alternatives exist for changing current trends? Document the design analysis in a short report (maximum of 800 words) using the section headings as listed above. address at least three of the many facets referred to in the lecture notes that contribute to sustainability. ● MARKETING – Suggest a marketing focus for the design feature you chose in the previous dot-point? Explain how your chosen design will be attractive to consumers.

including neatness and effectiveness 20 View orientation 10 Details included and annotations provided 5 Drafting. overall presentation – is the drawing appealing 10 Total 45 © University of Southern Queensland .22 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Marking schedule: Assignment 1 Question 1 Description Marks possible Top view 15 Side view 15 Half Sectional view 15 Dimensions 10 Drafting 15 Total 70 Question 2 Description Marks possible Front view 15 Left side auxiliary view 15 Right side auxiliary view 15 Drafting and dimensions 15 Total 60 Question 3 Description Marks possible View orientation 15 Drawing completeness and accuracy 30 Drafting 10 Total 55 Question 4 Description Marks possible Free-hand sketching ability.

ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 23 Question 5 Design consideration Total Need analysis 10 Evolution of design 12 Analysis of material selection 10 Sustainability considerations 8 Marketing strategy 8 Design improvements 15 Report structure and word count 7 TOTAL 70 Assignment Total = /300 30 © University of Southern Queensland .

The solution must accommodate containers with different sized openings. 4. To substantiate your conceptual solution. as a team. etc. in which you will record all meetings. You will be required to submit the logbook on the day of your presentation. select one of the design problems listed and prepare a conceptual solution. Design a system that will provide for the use of a unique lid to fit many different sized containers. Design a portable container that will keep medication at approximately 4oC for at least 12 hours. 1. Patients recuperating from illness or injury and residents of aged care facilities © University of Southern Queensland . 3. 5. Each of the areas addressed by the study material should be demonstrated in your project. 7. The efficacy of some medicines is dependent on the temperature at which they are stored. correspondence. Design an efficient charcoal fired stove for use in under-developed countries. 6. 2. single-seater tricycle for urban use. The design activity will be assessed on:  Originality  Feasibility    Application of study material Presentation Overall effort List of conceptual design problems You must select ONE of these topics. Design a low-cost mass commuter transit system that would reduce the use of motor vehicles in city centres.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 24 Assignment 2 Part A: ONC ONLY Design Presentation Group Activity Due date: Week 9 (Conceptual design presentation – see study schedule on p11) Value: Part A =150 marks Total value for Assignment 2 is 300 of the 1000 marks for this course Conceptual design presentation Working as a team. Design a navigation guidance system for the automated movement of wheelchairs within a structured environment. The logbook would take the form of a conventional report. Your need to give a presentation of your solution. concept design. Design an environmentally-friendly. you (as a team) are required to keep a project logbook. Kitchen storage containers can become problematic because different lid sizes are required for different containers.

Consider uses of autonomous vehicles in city environments. There must be consensus on this before the logbook is submitted. and hence be able to identify water consumption/wastage. Give consideration to environmental impact. etc  Ergonomics  Marketing – how you would go about marketing the product  Appendix (IMPORTANT) – show a dissection of work i. Design an exercise device to increase the physical activity of patients/residents. ease of use. 11. A guide to considering aspects during the peer assessment is in the Teams' Information. You only need to consider the way autonomous vehicles could be used safely and with public approval. 8. Design a flow measuring device for use in domestic houses to monitor water consumption at individual outlets. 12. material selection. Design a system to effectively utilize the heat trapped in a roof (for any use that would reduce overall consumption of fossil-fuel-based energy). You do not need to consider the technical aspects of how an autonomous vehicle works. Activities and Resources block on StudyDesk. considering limits on current technology. Design an activity that would enhance the learning of AutoCAD (as taught in this course) Design Presentation Logbook Ensure that you include the following in your design logbook: Need for project  Concept designs – idea generation  Decision matrices – for best solution  Details of best solution – features. driving mechanisms. ease of use. get all team members to sign and attach to your logbook.e. giving consideration to motivation to exercise. what proportion of the project/presentation was undertaken by each of the team members. sketches are more appropriate. physical ability. Your presentation will not be assessed if the logbook and the completed and signed peer evaluation are not submitted PRIOR to your presentation. Design a cable-car ride between Picnic Point and Table-top Mountain. You do not have to produce detailed CAD drawings – as this is only a concept design. © University of Southern Queensland . system complexity. materials. Forums. power resources. Please complete and print the peer review form on Page 27. 9. Autonomous vehicles (driverless car/bus/commuter-vehicle) are in development. construction and aesthetics.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 25 spend long periods of time being inactive. 10. but you will need to research their current capability. etc.

(x contribution factor) Design procedure 25 Quality of Solution 25 Preparation of Presentation 10 Logbook 10 Total 150 © University of Southern Queensland .26 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Marking schedule for conceptual design presentation Description Marks possible Team Presentation:Overall presentation and use of visual aids 15 Coordination of group/presentation 10 Length of presentation Answering questions Individual performance 5 10 40 Participation:.

Based on the contribution factor. This rating will be taken as the “contribution factor” in the marking schedule:Description Total Possible Marks Team Presentation 40 Individual performance 40 Participation 70 Here is an example of how the individual marks will be calculated. the individual mark will be:Team Member’s Name Team Presentation Individual Performance Participation (%) Individual mark Paul 30 25 100% 30+25+(70 x 1) = 125 Ringo 30 38 30% 30+38+(70 x . and the team participation was assessed as 50/70. the team’s presentation was assessed as 30/40.3) = 89 George 30 32 50% 30+32+(70 x . In deciding on the rating. Let us assume that. all members will be allocated 100%.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design ENG1100 – Introduction to Engineering Design 27 Assignment 2A .Design Presentation Evaluation of Participation Peer Review Team Name:Project Title:Team Member’s Name Signature Overall Participation (%) Please provide the rating as a percentage – a possible maximum of 100% for each team member. based on the above table. For example if all members contribute equally to the teams efforts.5) = 97 John 30 20 80% 30+20+(70 x . take into consideration the following: Participation during the semester  Participation in meeting/discussions  Participation in generating concept designs  Participation in developing final concept  Participation in the presentation This rating will be used to determine a team member’s individual score.8) = 106 REMOVE AND ATTACH TO YOUR LOGBOOK © University of Southern Queensland .

Description Your task is to construct a tower and device that will deploy a ping pong ball under specific conditions. research and experiment with ideas with the goal of obtaining the best outcome.youtube. so it is unlikely that you can achieve a good result without applying a reasonable amount of time to this task. especially if it generates a motivation for you to seek that technical information. Ping Pong Ball Deployment You will find throughout your engineering degree. You have a task to achieve. It is always useful to keep in mind what the information you are being given is able to be used for. This assignment works from the opposite approach. build and test. build and test Group Activity Due date: Week 14 Design. The goal is to achieve the maximum distance between the ball’s first and second bounces on a hard horizontal surface at the same height as the surface supporting the tower.28 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Assignment 2 Part B: ONC ONLY Design. Specifications: 1. theories and analyses are used to help describe phenomena that engineers need to have an understanding of. explore. It will be a good result from this assignment if it develops your future ability to connect technical information with how it could be used. Everyone is likely to have seen a ball suspended in a stream of air (https://www. Once the Assignment 2 presentations are complete. p12) Value: Part B =150 marks Total value for Assignment 2 is 300 of the 1000 marks for this course This task is more complex than it may first appear. practical demonstrations.approximately 7 mm dia x 196 mm long 50 Jute twine (string) 2 mm (this has only a moderate tensile strength) 5m PVC duct tape 48 mm x 30 m roll 1 Standard ping pong ball 1 © University of Southern Queensland . it is strongly advised that you commence your design process for this task. The assessment. In your groups. The intention of such descriptions is to help you comprehend what are sometimes very complex phenomena. (Conceptual design presentation – see study schedule. to some degree is based on a comparison of performance with other groups.com/watch?v=zIaK9pnBpgM) . but you are unlikely to have technical engineering skills (yet) that would allow you to analysis the problem. Your team will be supplied with the following materials and your device cannot be built using any other materials: Description Quantity Thickshake drinking straws – approximately 6 mm dia x 196 mm long 50 Jumbo drinking straws . that examples.

Once the ball is released from the device. Your final structure must NOT use more than the prescribed material and quantities in the above list. except the following must apply         No part of the structure or device is to come in contact with the horizontal surface on the side on which the 300 mm first bounce limit marker is situated. How close the first bounce is to the limit distance of 300 mm from the base is not considered. Inflating the balloons separately. While experimenting with your design. 3. There is likely to be scenarios that these rules do not cover. The test will be carried out on a horizontal hard surface similar to a desk top. Rest if required. All balloons used must be connected to the pipes while being inflated. All balloons must be attached to piping in a way that allows them to be changed without removing or apply ducting tape. 5. you will probably inflate the balloons by mouth. Up to four balloons can be used to store the pressurized air. Your structure is to sit on the surface and not be held in place by adhesive action or clamps. The device is to use air as an energy source to suspend the ball in a jet or activate or actuate the device and/or tower in any way to achieve the optimum bounce distance. but any additional materials must be EXACTLY the same type and replacement materials will be at the team’s expense. You are free to ask for clarifications or to defend your © University of Southern Queensland . consider the hygiene of the mouthpiece. You may replace materials if you choose to alter a design or need to replace components from a failure. The distance achieved. between the second bounce and a mark defining the limit distance of 300 mm from the base is the measured criteria for performance to achieve the competitive score. The supply of air to the device and/or tower is to be controlled by a ¼ turn valve. The above constraints on your construction technique are aimed at producing a fair competition and provide a basis for your approach to designing your structure/device.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Standard spherical balloons (max of four used at one time) 13 mm dia x 1 mm wall thickness very low pressure polythene pipe (low pressure garden/drip irrigation pipe) 8 1m 13 mm polythene inline barbed ¼ turn valve 2 13 mm polythene barbed tee 4 12 mm clear PVC hose 300 x 300 x 12 sheet of plywood 29 0. The goal is to achieve the maximum bounce distance possible. The balloons need to be inflated in a safe way. then attaching to your device is not allowed. we will provide a compressor to inflate the balloons. it is required to first bounce within 300 mm of the edge of the base. If more than one person inflates the balloons. On the day of the tests. balloons will be supplied and are the only balloons that can be used for the tests. On the day of the test. The structure is be free standing and no aids to help retain the base in position are allowed. Ensure that you do not exceed your capacity to inflate the balloons. There are no bounds on the way you construct your tower and device to deploy the ping pong ball. You also need to use one of the ¼ valves to hold the air in the balloons.5 m 1 Consider the following with reference to Figure 1 2. The base must be positioned 300 mm from the first bounce limit marker. Your structure is to be built using the plywood as a base. 4. in the normal direction.

© University of Southern Queensland . The judges’ decision on the compliance with the rules is final. drawings and descriptions of the various stages in the process should be included. the design processes and the duties undertaken by each team member. The team members’ peer review consensus on the allocation of percentage contribution to the teams work is required in the log book. A logbook is required to be submitted on the day of the test. Your team’s marks will not be released unless a logbook containing the peer review is provided. The construction material will only be released to the team after they have presented their draft design to one of the referees (Ray Malpress. Photographs. Peter Penfold.30 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design interpretation at the time of the testing. This logbook needs to report on the teams approach to the task. Toby Low). Rule breach Penalty* Device or tower built from more than the type and quantity of the prescribed materials Disqualified from the competitive score Any part of the tower or device contacts the horizontal surface on the side of the base plate in the direction of the 300 mm limit marker Disqualified from the competitive score Balloons are taped onto the piping or are inflated while not being attached to the device or structure Disqualified from the competitive score The base plate needs to be held in position 50% of the margin between the lowest and highest competitive score A ¼ turn valve is not used as the means to retain the air in the balloons 50% of the margin between the lowest and highest competitive score A ¼ turn valve is not used as the means to control the air flow to the tower and/or device 50% of the margin between the lowest and highest competitive score *Note: Penalties are cumulative 6.

Individual student’s mark will be determined from the percentage of participation. PLEASE NOTE: It is not acceptable to approach the examiner AFTER the assessment tests for this assignment and claim that you were excluded or not considered by your team during the team work. Scoring:Competitive score for distance achieved: Scoring for the bounce performance will be based on the distance measured from the 300 mm limit mark to the second bounce point. logbook and performance. The breakdown of marks is shown in the following table. safety. unless disqualified) judged by the course examiner to apply to the team that achieves the lowest distance bounced. (judge allocates 45 to the minimum bounce distance) Distance bounced (cm) score Team D 135 80 Team B 110 80 − [ Team E 65 80 − [ (135 − 65) ] × (80 − 45) = 54 (135 − 40) Team A 60 80 − [ (135 − 60) ] × (80 − 45) = 52 (135 − 40) Team C 40 (135 − 110) ] × (80 − 45) = 71 (135 − 40) 45 Total team assessment will be the sum of marks based on creativity.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 31 Figure 1: Pictorial view of the set up arrangement for testing of ping pong ball deployment structure/device. You MUST approach the examiner as early as possible with concerns © University of Southern Queensland . A proportional mark will be given between a minimum mark (no lower than 40. The surface used on the day of the test will be a conventional desk top. The maximum score of 80 will be given to the team that achieves the greatest distance (considering penalties). quality of construction. decided within the team and presented in the Logbook. hard laminate. As an example. less any penalties applied. The scores allocated to other teams will be proportional to the distance achieved.

It is impossible to retrospectively arrange for an alternative if you have not been given an opportunity to participate by your team.32 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design about team participation/inclusion. Marking schedule Creativity Quality of construction Safety Logbook Marks possible 30 25 5 10 Device Performance Pro-rata:highest score = 80 marks lowest score ≥ 40marks 80 Total 150 © University of Southern Queensland . The examiner will make every effort to accommodate any team based issues IF they are presented to him early enough in the semester for something to be organized.

Question 1 (95 marks) Field notes and traverse drawing may be an outdated form of keeping and presenting information on the position of features on a site. CHOOSE TWO QUESTIONS OUT OF QUESTIONS 1.usq. at USQ refer to Student Academic Misconduct Policy available at: http://policy. In completing the following task.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 33 Assignment 3: Drafting Description Marks out of Due date Assignment 3: Drafting 400 of the 1000 marks for this course 10 June 2016 Special instructions YOU HAVE A CHOICE OF QUESTIONS FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT.  Submit this assignment electronically via StudyDesk.htm  The marking schedule shows the breakdown of marks awarded for each question. For guidance on what constitutes Academic Misconduct and its various categories. YOU ARE REQUIRED TO SUBMIT FOUR SOLUTIONS.  Computer Aided 2D Drafting program must be used for this assessment. 2 and 3. Modern electronic equipment and computer based processing will inevitably supersede the traditional technique. Using CAD software. IN OTHER WORDS. produce a drawing of the traverse showing all the information on the site. YOU ARE REQUIRED TO COMPLETE QUESTIONS 4 AND 5. only Q1 and Q2 will be marked. Use the same submission procedure as outlined for Assignment 1. Any copying or collusion observed by the examiners will be subject to university policy and could result in a zero mark. © University of Southern Queensland . If you submit solutions to all of questions 1. but the technique does require the understanding of position and relative association which is the basis of the modern alternatives. Free-hand sketches are not required for this assignment  All CAD drafting solutions must be drawn to suit an A3 sized drafting sheet. The following field notes (3 sheets) of an investigation survey for a service station site have been compiled by a surveyor.  This assignment must be entirely the work of the student. you gain some knowledge of the concepts of the traverse and gain experience of using CAD software in a different way. TWO OF WHICH NEED TO BE Q4 AND Q5.  Please ‘print’ (print as a PDF file) using the ‘monochrome’ (black and white) setting.au/policy/files/student%20academic%20misconduct.edu. 2 AND 3.

34 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Sheet 1 of 3: Site investigation for a proposed service station © University of Southern Queensland .

ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 35 Sheet 2 of 3: Site investigation for a proposed service station © University of Southern Queensland .

36 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Sheet 3 of 3: Site investigation for a proposed service station © University of Southern Queensland .

The 240VAC Power Distribution Schematic diagram 2. An experiment to measure the flow performance of a centrifugal water pump is described in the schematic of Figure 2. flow and head pressure ranges.ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 2 37 (95 marks) Some of the Remote Access Laboratory equipment in the Hydraulics Lab at USQ were designed and built in-house.  The Electronically Actuated Ball Valve V-1 is set by the user to restrict the flow on the output of the pump.  The remote HMI Control uses one PLC using five inputs to produce the data used to generate the performance curves. The 3-phase. measured by Ultrasonic Level Transducer S-2 determines the flow rate based on an algorithm of flow through a V-notch.  For safety purposes an emergency stop pushbutton isolates ac power when pressed Figure 2: Schematic of pump performance experiment Using CAD software.  The height of water in the upper tank. 240VAC pump has its own Variable Speed drive and is controlled directly from the control PLC.  The experiment can determine the performance curves for the pump over designated pump speeds. thereby increasing the pressure required to be produced by the pump and simulating downstream loads. © University of Southern Queensland . produce two drawings.  The pump speed is set by the user Interface HMI. Use this schematic in conjunction with the following operating requirements.  The variable speed drive has analogue outputs for instantaneous Torque and Speed sent to the PLC. 24VDC Power Distribution Schematic diagram Print to pdf and compile so the two drawings are on separate pages in a single pdf. 1.  The level of the lower tank is measured by Ultrasonic Level Transducer S-3 and is used to measure the head of water supplied to the pump and stop the pump if the height above the pump suction line is not sufficient. Position feedback of this valve is sent to the PLC to ensure values aren’t taken while it is still being adjusted.

Length of wall Concrete cover Concrete strength Figure 3: RC retaining wall 5000mm 60mm 20MPa (Malpress 2015) © University of Southern Queensland .C. Retaining Wall shown in Figure 3.38 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 3 (95 marks) Prepare the reinforcement drawings for the R.

Prepare detailed fabrication drawing for member B13. Figure 4: General views of steel construction detail of Sugar Mill Building © University of Southern Queensland .ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 4 39 (75 marks) One corner of a steel framed sugar mill building is shown below in Figure 4.

dimensions altered) © University of Southern Queensland . and record a revision assuming that the Ф11 mounting holes were produced as Ф12. McGraw-Hill.40 ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design Question 5 (135 marks) Draw the following general assembly views of the refrigeration valve. (ii) a side view looking at the flange. Provide a title block and parts list Figure 5: Components of valve assembly (Source: Boundy. Engineering drawing. AW 2012. Draw to 1:1 scale and provide a title block. component details of which are given in Figure 5. 8th edn. You will need to determine how the component fits together to make the assembly. item 3. parts list. (i) a sectional front view on A-A showing the valve closed on the valve seat.

ENG1100 – Introduction to engineering design 41 Marking schedule: Assignment 3 Question 1 Description Marks possible North datum 10 Traverse table 10 Traverse line 25 Ancillary details 25 Drafting 25 Total 95 Question 2 Description Marks possible Electrical detail/accuracy 60 Drafting 35 Total 95 Question 3 Description Marks possible Re-inforcement details 60 Drafting 35 Total 95 Question 4 Description Marks possible Beam details 40 Dimension 20 Drafting 15 Total 75 Question 5 Description Marks possible Assembly and detail accuracy 70 Parts list 15 Drafting 50 Total 135 Total for assignment = /400 © University of Southern Queensland .