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BA(H)Economics 2016

Linear Algebra and Calculus

Assignment 4

Topic: Limit

Limit

Let f (x) be defined on an open interval about x0 , except possibly at x0 itself. We say that the limit of

f (x) as x approaches to x0 is the number L, and write

lim f (x) = L

xx0

if, for every number > 0, there exists a corresponding number such that for all x,

0 < |x x0 | <

|f (x) L| <

Let A R, let f : A R, and let c A. We say that f is continuous at c if, given any number

> 0, there exists > 0 such that if x is any point of A satisfying

|x x0 | <

Definition 1.3 f is continuous on set B

Let A R and let f : A R. If B is a subset of A, we say that f is continuous on the set B if f is

continuous at every point of B.

1. Apply definition of limit, to prove the following:

(a) limxc b = b

(b) limxc x = c

(c) limxc x2 = c2

2. Show that limxc

1

x

(a) The constant function f (x) = b is continuous on R.

(b) g(x) = x is continuous in R.

(c) h(x) = x2 is continuous in R.

(d) (x) =

(e) (x) =

1

x

1

x

is not continuous at x = 0.

4. Evaluate the following limits, or show that they do not exist.

(a) limx1+

x

x1

1 LIMIT

F (x) =

1

2

3

2

x if 0 < x 21

x if 12 < x 1

6. Show that

Questions on Continuous functions

1. Use definition to prove that the following function is continuous at x = 0

x cos x1 if x 6= 0

f (x) =

0

if x = 0

2.

3. Show that

is continuous at x = 0 and x = 1.

F (x) = |x| + |x 1|

4. Show that

F (x) = |x| + |x 1| + |x 2|

is continuous at x = 0, x = 1 and x = 2.

5. Determine the points of continuity of the following functions and state which theorems are used in

each case.

x2 +2x+1

x2 +1

(x R)

(b) g(x) = x + x (x 0)

1+|sin(x)|

(c) h(x) =

(x 6= 0)

x

2

(x R)

(d) k(x) = cos 1 + x

(a) f (x) =

6. If x R, we define JxK to be the greatest integer n Z such that n x. (Thus, for example, J8.3K

= 8, JK = 3, JK = -4.) The function x 7 JxK is called the greatest integer function. Determine

the points of continuity of the following functions:

(a) f(x) = JxK

(b) g(x) = xJxK

(c) h(x) = Jsin(x)K

(d) k(x) = J x1 K (x 6= 0)

7. Determine the points of discontinuity of the following function:

f (x) = |x| + JxK, x R

1. State Intermediate Value Theorem. Let f : [0, 1] R be a function defined by:

1

2 x, if 0 x 12

3

x, if 12 < x < 1

f (x) =

2

2,

x=1

1 LIMIT

2. Let

f (x) =

sin x

ax + b

if x c

if x > c

3. Discuss the validity of intermediate value theorem for the function

x 1 if 1 x < 0

f (x) =

2x + 1 if 0 x 1

4. State Lagranges mean value theorem and verify it for

p

f (x) = x2 4 in [2, 4]

5. State Lagranges Mean Value Theorem. Use it to prove the following inequality:

1

tan x tan1 y < |x y| x, y R

6. State Lagranges Mean Value Theorem. Use it to prove the following inequality:

|sin x sin y| |x y| x, y R

7. State and check the validity of Intermediate value theorem for the function:

1x

if 0 x 1

f (x) =

1 x if 1 x < 0

8. Let f be a continuous function on [a, b] and x1 , x2 , ..., xn be points of [a, b]. Show that there exit a

point c [a, b] such that:

f (x1 ) + f (x2 ) + ... + f (xn )

f (c) =

n

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