You are on page 1of 8

Page - 34

COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev. No.:0





The burner management system consists of:
-Master logic (one sub system for the entire boiler)
-Burner logic (one sub system for each of the ‘n’ burners of burner group)
-Pulverised coal (pc) logic (one sub-system for each of the ‘n’ coal supply units).

The master logic sub system is dedicated to the management and supervision of the boiler as
a whole. Some typical functions according to the NFPA 85B, 85D, 85E requirements, as
applicable are :
Furnace purging
Natural draft
Boiler trip
Trip to close for each main fuel supply
Opening and closing of main trip v/v of each fuel supply
Seal air fan logic


The burner logic is dedicated to the management and the supervision of each single burner
Some typical control functions according to the NFPA 85B, 85D requirements are:

Opening and closing of the burner air registers or dampers
Burner light up and shut off sequences
Burner scavenge
Burner tip

The pulverised coal logic is dedicated to the management and supervision of each PC unit
(feeder, mill and primary air fan).

NTPC Limited

No. Failure) Burner air register status Burner v/v status Burner light-ON or Shut OFF sequence in progress Burner available Burner enabled/disabled INTERFACING THE PULVERISED COAL LOGIC AND BURNER LOGIC: The typical information that each burner logic interchanges with the related PC logic are: Burner status Flame PC unit burner status DIAGRAM OF BASIC SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE: (Figures at the end of the chapter) Structure of BMS at figure-1 Basic logic subsystem at figure – 2 Pulverised Coal logic subsystem at figure 3 POWER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION: The typical power supply unit comprises of a set of power supply units. each unit is identified by its DC Voltage outputs. The assembly supplies power at different voltages to.Page .:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 Some typical control functions.OFF. according to the NFPA 85E are : Primary air supply Mill start up and shut off sequence Feeder start up and shut off sequence INTERFACING THE MASTER AND BURNER LOGIC: The typical information that the master logic sends to each burner logic are: Furnace purging completed Natural draft Boiler trip Fuel available at each fuel supply line Burner light on permissive The typical information that each burner logic sends to the master logic are: Burner status (ON. The galvanically separated field circuits The output relays The logic The flame detectors NTPC Limited .35 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev.

36 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev. At the system start up and at power up the circuit sends on bus ‘R-out’ the general reset control to the output system. A control circuit constantly detects the power supply voltage.Page .3 to 1 sec. Each voltage is fed by a power module through diode decoupled outputs.Flame detectors are maintained on each burner on the front wall of the boiler. or at the main supply source. Amplifiers are mounted on the control panel in control room DESCRIPTION OF ELECTRONICS HARDWARE ASSEMBLIES: The control circuit sends the general reset control to the output system on Bus ‘R-out’. Each power supply module is provided with.:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 An un-interruptible AC source supplies power to the modules through a suitable matching circuit. The general reset control is held until the failure is eliminated. No. Voltage levels are +15V DC +24V DC +48V DC DESCRIPTION OF FLAME SCANNERS: Oil- Uvisor – 100 UR 400 mod 5001 Coal. The system consists of following electronics cards : 48V input cards 24V input cards Reed card 32 IN card 32 OUT card 8 timer card Memory expansion card CPU card CVM card Output buffer card (16BD) NTPC Limited .IDD-II’ Flame detector system Model-D-38252-01 Location: . A light signalling the energisation of its output terminals A voltage free contact to build an alarm logic announcing loss of voltage at one or more unit outputs. The general reset control holds for a period between 0.

No. output. only one voltage supervisor-CVM 48V card was there. A galvanically separated checking circuit on field input modules checks the pressure if field voltage.Page . An input on the CPU module is provided for detecting whether the cards of the system are properly connected. NTPC Limited . ROM address counter failure condition. on the BUS ‘R-OUT’ the general resetting signal to the system.37 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev. which was later supplemented with one more CVM 48V card to monitor the voltages parallelly so that any one card detecting failure will not give failure.:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 FAIL SAFE FEATURES BUILT IN THE SYSTEM The last counting bit keeps the same logic status (01) as it was when the failure occurred either in oscillator failure condition or in P. The removal of a card. As soon as a field voltage failure occurs. These problems were later overcame by suitably modifying the logic formations. by interrupting the serial circuit. allows the CPU to send on BUS ‘R-OUT’ the signal of general resetting to the system out puts. The general reset control is held until the normal operation condition of the checked circuits are restored. the circuit sends. In Master logic. SOLUTIONS FOR PROBLEMS FACED IF ANY: Initially lot of problems were faced due to the logic formation in masterlogic pulverised coal or fuel oil logic.

No.Page .:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 Figure .38 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev.1 NTPC Limited .

2 NTPC Limited .:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 Figure . No.39 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev.Page .

40 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev.Page . No.:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 Figure .3 NTPC Limited .

All outputs are fuse protected. The 584M controller has two modbus ports for communication to external devices.coaxial cable. The controller processes the data and updates the status of the output coils and sends this data to the output cards. A soft touch key pad and a B-digit seven segment display is provided on the 584M controller.:0 FSSS DATABANK 2008 11. 584M controller with 200 series I/O modules TYPE Processor based system DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM: The system consists of 584M Programmable controller and 200 series I/O modules. POWER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION: PROCESSOR POWER SUPPLY: 110V AC from UPS Two feeders from UPS are taken with auto changeover scheme between the supplies. monitoring. All inputs and outputs are identified with a five digit number. The status of the field inputs and outputs can be monitored using this RAP. No. IP and memory are connected by one Data bus. All the field devices like limit switches. start and stop functions. The advantage of this system is I/O racks can be placed at relatively large distances from the controller. The memory card has a battery backup. NTPC Limited . 584M controller consists of one CPU. activates the field wiring transients from affecting internal logic. one Address bus one control bus and one power supply connector. one I/OP based one Memory board and one power supply. The CPU. Channel 1. AP190 Programmer can be attached to any of these ports and this programmer forms the interface for programming. The controller can address 32 channels of I/O of these channel 5 to 32 are addressed on a RAF. 2. This is called Register Access Panel (RAP). solenoids. I/O channels configured in these channels have a distance limitation between I/O rack and controller to a maximum limit of 75 feet. All the application software and the system software is supplied in these tape cartridges. The P190 programmer comes with a tape cartridge drive. 3 & 4 are called Local I/O channels. All inputs and outputs status are indicated on the cards. The field input data is read by the input cards and the information is passed on to the controller. BASIC SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE: See figure the end of the chapter.USA MODEL NO. communication. pressure switches. console lamps are wired to the I/O rack. The output cards in turn. This type of I/O configuration is called remote I/O configuration.Page .0 RAMAGUNDAM (Stage-II) NAME OF THE SYSTEM: GOULD MODICON.41 COS-ISO-00-OIN/OPS/C&I/011 Rev. controller loading.