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Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

Concrete mix designs are often given by a ratio:

:

Cement

** Concrete mix designs are often given by the following
**

ratio:

1:2:2

:

Sand

1/3

**Coarse Aggregate – crushed rock
**

Fine Aggregate – sand

Crushed rock

Cement

Usually the ratio is in terms of weight of the components

** In this case, the ratio implies 1 part (by weight) of cement
**

to 2 parts coarse aggregate to 2 parts fine aggregate

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

** Part of your design for this project is to develop mix ratios
**

that lead to high compression stresses at failure.

** Once a mix ratio is selected, you need to compute the
**

amounts of cement, water, and aggregates required

The two criteria for a successful mix ratio are:

** To start, we need to estimate the volume of concrete
**

required for the job.

**(1) high compressive stress
**

In your work, we used cylinder molds to form our concrete

specimens

(2) adequate workability

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

The volume of a cylindrical mold is:

Volumecyclinder

hD

How much concrete do we need to make 5 cylinders?

2

4

**where D is the diameter of the cylinder and h is the height
**

3 in.

** The cylinders for Project 2 are
**

always 6 inches in height and 3

inches in diameter

6in. 3in.2

212in.3

Volumecyclinder 5

4

We need 5 cylinders

6 in.

VolumeTotal 212in.3

Weightconcrete 0. Weightconcrete 0. 15.5lb. 37. To compute the amount of each component required for this mix. use the ratio of the each component to the sum of all components For a 1:2:2 mix.CIVL 1101 Proportioning Concrete Proportioning Concrete Next.3 Make sure you have enough factor VolumeTotal 0.5lb.3 3 ft. the weight of cement is 7.3 VolumeTotal 212in.5 lb.3 2 Proportioning Concrete Next.4lb. the weight of cement required is 1/5 of the total weight 0. 5 7.123 ft. 15lb.45 For this mix.3 ft. Weightconcrete 0.0 lb. we need determine the amount of water required 2 Weightcoarse aggreagte 37.5lb.5 lb. 2/3 37. the weight of coarse aggregate required is 2/5 of the total weight 2 Weightfine aggreagte 37. the w/c = 0.5 lb. use the ratio of the each component to the sum of all components For a 1:2:2 mix.25 ft.3 3 ft.5lb.25 ft.25 ft.3 1. To compute the amount of each component required for this mix. use the ratio of the each component to the sum of all components To compute the amount of each component required for this mix. the weight of each component in 1:2:2 mix with w/c = 0. 1 Weightcement 37.3 212in. 5 Proportioning Concrete In summary. the weight of water required is: Weightwater 7. 15. .45 is: The weight of water is specified by the w/c ratio In this example. Cement Fine aggregate Coarse aggregate Water 7.0 lb. we need to convert this volume to cubic feet and account for any errors 1ft.123 ft.5 lb. we need to convert this volume to an equivalent weight of concrete 150 lb.728 in. Proportioning Concrete Next.25 ft. 37. Therefore.3 3 ft.45 3. we need to convert this volume to an equivalent weight of concrete 150 lb.5 lb.3 MSYHEF VolumeTotal 0. 3.3 12in. 5 15lb. 0.4 lb. Proportioning Concrete Next. the weight of fine aggregate required is 2/5 of the total weight For a 1:2:2 mix.3 Proportioning Concrete Next. we need to convert this volume to an equivalent weight of concrete 150 lb.5lb.

Add cement and mix for 2 minutes 4. Add remaining mixing water and mix for 5 minutes (pay close attention to the concrete in the back of the mixer and make sure that all the materials are well mixed and as homogeneous as possible) The End . Add aggregates and mix for 2 minutes 3.CIVL 1101 Proportioning Concrete Proportioning Concrete 3/3 Proportioning Concrete Typical mixing procedure: 1. Add ½ of the mixing water and mix for 2 minutes 5. Clean mixer 2.

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