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# CIVL 1101

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

 Concrete mix designs are often given by a ratio:

:
Cement

 Concrete mix designs are often given by the following
ratio:

1:2:2

:
Sand

1/3

Coarse Aggregate – crushed rock
Fine Aggregate – sand

Crushed rock

Cement
 Usually the ratio is in terms of weight of the components

 In this case, the ratio implies 1 part (by weight) of cement
to 2 parts coarse aggregate to 2 parts fine aggregate

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

 Part of your design for this project is to develop mix ratios
that lead to high compression stresses at failure.

 Once a mix ratio is selected, you need to compute the
amounts of cement, water, and aggregates required

 The two criteria for a successful mix ratio are:

 To start, we need to estimate the volume of concrete
required for the job.

(1) high compressive stress
 In your work, we used cylinder molds to form our concrete
specimens

Proportioning Concrete

Proportioning Concrete

 The volume of a cylindrical mold is:

Volumecyclinder 

 hD

 How much concrete do we need to make 5 cylinders?

2

4

where D is the diameter of the cylinder and h is the height
3 in.

 The cylinders for Project 2 are
always 6 inches in height and 3
inches in diameter

   6in. 3in.2 
  212in.3
Volumecyclinder  5 
4


We need 5 cylinders

6 in.

VolumeTotal  212in.3

 Weightconcrete  0.  Weightconcrete  0. 15.5lb.   37.  To compute the amount of each component required for this mix. use the ratio of the each component to the sum of all components  For a 1:2:2 mix.CIVL 1101 Proportioning Concrete Proportioning Concrete  Next.3 Make sure you have enough factor VolumeTotal  0.5lb.3   3  ft. the weight of cement is 7.3 VolumeTotal  212in.5 lb.3  2  Proportioning Concrete  Next.4lb. the weight of cement required is 1/5 of the total weight 0.  5 7.123 ft. 15lb.45  For this mix.3 ft.  Weightconcrete  0.0 lb. we need determine the amount of water required 2 Weightcoarse aggreagte     37.5lb.5 lb.  2/3  37. the weight of coarse aggregate required is 2/5 of the total weight 2 Weightfine aggreagte     37. the w/c = 0.5 lb. use the ratio of the each component to the sum of all components  For a 1:2:2 mix.25 ft.3   3  ft.5lb.25 ft.25 ft.3 1.  To compute the amount of each component required for this mix. use the ratio of the each component to the sum of all components  To compute the amount of each component required for this mix. the weight of each component in 1:2:2 mix with w/c = 0.  1 Weightcement     37.3           212in.  5 Proportioning Concrete  In summary. the weight of water required is: Weightwater  7. 15. .45 is:  The weight of water is specified by the w/c ratio  In this example. Cement Fine aggregate Coarse aggregate Water 7.0 lb. we need to convert this volume to cubic feet and account for any errors  1ft.123 ft.5 lb. we need to convert this volume to an equivalent weight of concrete  150 lb.728 in. Proportioning Concrete  Next.25 ft.   37. Therefore.3   3  ft.45   3. we need to convert this volume to an equivalent weight of concrete  150 lb.5 lb.3  MSYHEF VolumeTotal  0. 3.3   12in.  5 15lb.  0.4 lb. Proportioning Concrete  Next. the weight of fine aggregate required is 2/5 of the total weight  For a 1:2:2 mix.3 Proportioning Concrete  Next. we need to convert this volume to an equivalent weight of concrete  150 lb.5lb.

Add cement and mix for 2 minutes 4. Add remaining mixing water and mix for 5 minutes (pay close attention to the concrete in the back of the mixer and make sure that all the materials are well mixed and as homogeneous as possible) The End . Add aggregates and mix for 2 minutes 3.CIVL 1101 Proportioning Concrete Proportioning Concrete 3/3 Proportioning Concrete  Typical mixing procedure: 1. Add ½ of the mixing water and mix for 2 minutes 5. Clean mixer 2.