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FINAL SYNTAX

PHRASAL CATEGORIES
IN AMBON MALAY

BY
Taroci Margarita Salang
1301024116
C/ Reguler
PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BAHASA INGGRIS
JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN BAHASA DAN SENI
FAKULTAS KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN
UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA
KUPANG
2016

SYNTAX PHRASAL CATEGORIES IN AMBON MALAY Syntax is branch of linguistics which comes after phonology and morphology. rules that govern the information. Ambon is a Capital city of Molucas Province (East Indonesian) and the language almost same as Kupang malay. In this case Ambon Malay has some phrases only understood by Ambonesse. beta mama represents ‘My’ in English. “beta mama there is no verbs ‘has/have’. . Language of every part of Indonesian has its own characteristic because of the different colonizer influence in the past. The Native speaker knows the phrase means to. It is a content subject which studies about language structures that goes beyond word and phrasal levels. Phrasal Categories are the ‘projection’ of spesific lexical categories. More precisely this subject deals with how words are combined to form phrase and clauses or sentences. For example possesive pronoun. and how elements in the formation (structure) relates and interacts one with another. NP (Noun Phrase) and N’ (Noun Bar) go together with N in that they typically occur in structures.

1. VP consists of V bataria (srceam) and AdjP that consists of Deg Paling (very) and Adj Karas (loudly). The sentence has an adverb kancang functions to modify verb ta’ika as the head of the phrase. Adjective pharse Antua bataria paling karas S NP Pro VP V AdjP Deg Adj Antua bataria paling karas Based on the tree diagram the sentence constructed by NP and VP. 2. NP consists of Pro Antua (she/he). Adverb Phrase Akang ta’ika kancang S NP VP V AdvP Akang ta’ika kancang As it is seen here shows that the sentence is constructed by NP Akang (It) and VP consists of V ta’ika (tied) and AdvP kancang (tightly) It is an exmple of Adverb Phrase because kancang (tightly) modifying ta’ika. . Adjective Karas is the head and adverb Paling as a modifier that is modifying word Karas. Adjective phrase of the sentence ‘Antua bataria paling karas’ is the underlined words.

Papa bali baju par beta S NP N Papa VP V bali NP PP N P NP baju par beta Based on the tree diagram above shows that the sentence constructed by NP and VP. Par functions to modify the head noun kalinci . VP consists of V bali. par beta is prepotitional phrase. time or posesssion.3. NP consists of N Papa. b). par modifies beta as the head of the phrase. . Alvin kase wortel par Kelinci S NP VP V NP PP P NP Alvin kase wortel par kalinci Based on the tree Diagram shows that the sentence constucted by NP Alvin and VP consists of V Kase (gives) NP wortel (carrot) and PP consists of P par (for) and NP kelinci (Rabbit) The sentence has a prepotitional phrase Par Kelinci. Bellows are the example of Prepotitional phrase as Indirect object in Ambon Malay a). direction. Prepotitional Phrase functioning as Indirect object Prepotitional (P) is a group of closed class category which expresses relation of place. NP consists of N baju and PP consists of P par (for) and NP beta (me).

The Premodifier phrase includes Quantifier babarapa functions to modify noun tamang as the head of the phrase.Det Akang (it) and PP. that is par tamang-tamang. Pre-Modifier a) babarapa tamang kase Hanna sapasang sapatu S NP DET VP N V NP NP DET Babarapa N tamang kase Hanna sapasang sapatu Based on the tree diagram above shows that the sentence constructed by NP and VP.c) Maya bilang akang berita par tamang-tamang. NP Hanna. S NP VP V N NP Det PP N P NP N Maya bilang akang carita par tamang-tamang The sentence above shows that the sentence is constructed by NP and VP and NP consists of N Maya. VP consists of V kase (give). 4. P par (to) NP tamang-tamang(friends) The sentence also has a prepotitional phrase. . Par modifies tamang-tamang as the head of the phrase and functions as indirect Object. second NP consists of DET sapasang (a couple of) N sapatu (shoes). NP consists of DET babarapa (some) and N tamang (friends). VP consists of V Bilang (says) NP.

NP consists of SUB Apa yang and The second sentence (S2) consists of NP. Pre-Modifier a) Noun Clause as Subject. PrO se (you) and VP consists of V bilang (told) and NP that consits of PP voor (to) and N beta (me). Apa yang se bilang voor beta itu benar S NP VP SUB S2 V NP VP V Pro Apa yang se AdjP bilang NP PP N voor beta itu batul Based on the tree diagram above the sentence is sonctructed by NP and VP. VP consists of V kase (give). NP consists of Det Tiap (Each) and N Orang (person). . In the sentence has a pre-modifier Tiap functions to modify the head Noun Orang. The noun clause apa yang se bilang voor beta funtions as the subject.b) Tiap orang kase dong mama satu kado S NP Det VP N V NP Poss Tiap NP N Det Orang kase dong mama satu N kado Based on the tree diagram above the sentence B paitua bali beta sapasang sapatu is constructed by NP and VP. VP consists of V itu (is) AdjP batul (right). POSS dong (their) and N mama (mother). NP Det satu (one) and N kado (gift). 5. NP.

VP consists of V su (had) and NP Rusak (broke). NP consists of Det-POSS dia (Her/His) and N tas (bag). PP consists of P di (in) and NP consists of DET akang (The) and N kotak (box). Possesive Phrase Dia Tas suw rusak S NP Det VP N V NP su rusak Poss Dia Tas The tree diagram above is constructed by NP and VP.b) WH-determiner Sapa pena-pena yang ada didalam kotak? S NP Det VP N V WH PP P NP DET Sapa pena-pena ada di N akang kotak? Based on tree diagram above is constructed by NP and VP. NP consists of DET-WH sapa (whose) and N pena-pena (pens). . VP consists of V ada (are). The sentence has a WHDeterminer sapa functions to modify the head noun pena-pena. Dia functions to modify the head noun Tas. 6. Possesive phrase in the sentence is Dia tas (her bag). The bag belongs to Her/him.

7. VP consists of V su (is) AdjP baru (new). It has a possesive phrase Evi rumah. Paling funtions to modify the head adjective basar. VP consists of V tu (is) and AdjP consists of Deg Paling (very) and Adj Basar (big). rumah as the head and Evi as the modifier.c) Evi rumah su baru S NP Det VP N V rumah su AdjP POSS Evi baru Tree Diagram above shows that the sentence constructed by NP and VP. NP consists of Det akang (The) and N rumah (house). NP consists of DET-POSS Evi (her) and N Rumah(house). The sentence has an adjective prhase paling basar. . Native speaker understand Evi rumah means Evi’s house not Evi is a house. Adjectives Phrase Akang rumah tu paling bagus S NP DET VP N V AdjP Deg Akang rumah tu paling Adj basar The tree diagram above shows that it is constructed by NP and VP.

) Prepotitional phrase Antua Jhon kajar badak deng tiga kaki S NP Det N VP V NP DET N’ N PP P NP NUM Antua Jhon tangkap satu badak deng tiga N kaki Based on tree diagram above shows that the sentence is constructed by NP and VP. We can test that the prepotitional phrase form part of the noun phrase by substituting the pronouns Dia for Antua Jhon and akang for badak deng tiga kaki respectively: Dia tangkap akang (he catches it) . NP consists of Det Antua (Mr). NP consists of DET satu (one) and N’. N’ consists of N badak (rhinoceros) and PP. PP consists of P deng (with) and NP. VP consists of V tangkap (cathes). The prepotitional phrases antua and deng tiga kaki function to post-modify the head noun Jhon and badak respectively. NP consists of Num tiga (three) and N kaki (legs). Post-Modifier a. At a higher level It is the subject and object of the sentence.8.

This means that the NP satu cewe and the relative clause yang pakai gaun tadi malam both function together at the higher level as one constituent. VP consists of V tu (is) and AdjP cantik (beautiful). NP consists of DET satu (one) and N’. it shows that the sentence is constructed by NP and VP.) Relative Clause Satu cewe yang pakai akang gaun merah tu cantik S NP DET VP N’ N V AdjP gaun tadi malam tu cantik S2 NP REL VP V NP NP DET s at u cewe yang pakai N Based on tree diagram above.b. S2 consists of NP-Rel yang(who) and VP Consists of V pakai (wears). N’ consists of N cewe and S2. NP gaun (dress) and NP consists of Det tadi (this) and N malam. Relative Clause is yang pakai gaun tadi malam post-modifies the noun head cewe. .

We are human beings cannot live and survive in the world without language that is why we have to know and learn the language of a place that we will come in. some phrases have same structure of elements that build up a sentence.CONCLUSION Based on my discussion above some phrasal categories are happened in Ambon Malay. By the language a culture. As a result an Ambonesse who speaks and uses their language we know where they from are by her /his language in this case Ambon Malay. Language plays or serves a very important role in the totality of human life. Such as. ethnic. Akang in Ambon malay has same meaning in English ‘It’. Every place has their language characteristic. race is known. .