0 Up votes0 Down votes

24 views3 pagesMay 01, 2016

© © All Rights Reserved

DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

© All Rights Reserved

24 views

© All Rights Reserved

- Numericals on Work Done
- Physics I Problems (49).pdf
- Friction
- RPHYEAR 6 Sc Advantage n Disadvantage Friction
- How Does a Lever Work
- Friction Coefficients Compendium
- apparent weight. example.pdf
- Crowell Benjamin - Newtonian Physics 2
- fsr_05ew
- Phys10-Chap5-ApplyingNewtonsLaws
- 709
- 2010 ACCESSIBILITY OVERVIEW - A LOOK AT BASIC PRINCIPLES AND KEY REQUIREMENTS FROM THE 2010 ADA AND THE 2010 CBC
- project4
- Pages From ASM Metals HandBook Volume 7 - Powder Metal Technologies And
- PM6
- Engineering Mechanics4
- Injury Prevention Oilfield
- Coulomb Damping
- Thorpe Park Visit Report
- Physics 201

You are on page 1of 3

Week 9

7-8 An 8.00 kg package in a mail-sorting room slides 2.00 m down a chute that is inclined at 53.0

below the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the package and the chutes

surface is 0.40. Calculate the work done on the package by (a) friction, (b) gravity, and (c)

the normal force. (d) What is the net work done on the package?

SetUp:Use W FPs F cos f s tocalculatetheworkdoneineachofparts(a)through(c).In

part(d),thenetworkconsistsofthecontributionsduetoallthreeforces,or

Wnet Wgrav Wn W f

Solve:(a)Asthepackageslides,workisdonebythefrictionalforcewhichactsat f 1808tothe

displacement.Thenormalforceis mg cos 53.08. Thusfor mk 0.40,

W f FPs f k cos f s mk n cos f s mk mg cos 53.08

0.40 8.00 kg 9.80 m/s 2 cos 53.08

cos1808 s

cos1808 2.00 m

38 J

(b)Workisdonebythecomponentofthegravitationalforceparalleltothedisplacement.

f 908 538 378andtheworkofgravityis:

Wgrav mg cos f s 8.00 kg 9.80 m/s 2 cos 37.08

2.00 m 125 J

(c) Wn 0 sincethenormalforceisperpendiculartothedisplacement.

(d)Thenetworkdoneonthepackageis:

Wnet Wgrav Wn W f 125 J 0.0 J 38 J 87 J

7.11

A boxed 10.0 kg computer monitor is dragged by friction 5.50 m up along the moving

surface of a conveyor belt inclined at an angle of 36.9 above the horizontal. If the

monitors speed is a constant 2.1 cm/s, how much work is done on the monitor by (a)

friction, (b) gravity, (c) the normal force of the conveyor belt?

SetUp:Sincethespeedisconstant,theaccelerationandthenetforceonthemonitorarezero.Use

thisfacttodevelopexpressionsforthefrictionforce, f k , andthenormalforce,n.Thenuse

W FPs F cos f s tocalculateW.

Solve:(a)Summingforcesalongtheincline,

g F ma 0 f k mg sin u

giving f k mg cos u, directeduptheincline.Substituting,

10.0 kg 9.80 m/s 2 sin 36.98

cos 08 5.50 m

324 J

(b)Thegravityforceisdownwardandthedisplacementisdirecteduptheinclineso f 126.98.

Wgrav 10.0 kg 9.80 m/s 2 cos126.98 5.50 m 324 J

(c)Thenormalforce,n,isperpendiculartothedisplacementandthusdoeszerowork.

Reflect:Frictiondoespositiveworkandgravitydoesnegativework.Thenetworkdoneiszero.

7.14

Adult cheetahs, the fastest of the great cats, have a mass of 70 kg and have been clocked at

72 mph (32 m/s). (a) How many joules of kinetic energy does such a swift cheetah have? (b)

By what factor would its kinetic energy change if its speed were doubled?

Solve:(a) K

1

2

70 kg 32 m/s

3.6 3 10 4 J

7.19

The driver of an 1800 kg car (including passengers) traveling at 23.0 m slam on the brakes,

locking the wheels on the dry pavement. The coefficient of kinetic friction is typically 0.70.

(a) Use the work-energy principle to calculate how far the car will travel before stop. (b)

How far would the car travel if it were going twice as fast? (c) What happened to the cars

original kinetic energy?

duetofriction, Fnet s f k s mk mgs. Also,sincethecarstops, K f 0.

Solve:(a) Wnet K f K i Fnet s gives 12 myi 2 mk mgs. Solvingforthedistance,

23.0 m/s

y2

s i

38.6 m

2mk g 2 0.700 9.80 m/s 2

2

m.

(c)Theoriginalkineticenergywasconvertedintothermalenergybythenegativeworkoffriction.

Reflect:Tostopthecarfrictionmustdonegativeworkequalinmagnitudetotheinitialkinetic

energyofthecar.

7-21 You throw a 20 N rock into the air from ground level and observe that, when it is 15.0 m high,

it is traveling upward at 25 m/s. Use the work-energy principle to find (a) the rocks speed

just as it left the ground and (b) the maximum height the rock will reach.

SetUp:Fromtheworkenergyrelation, W Wgrav DK rock or FPs K f K i . Astherockrises,the

gravitationalforce, F mg , doesworkontherock.Sincethisforceactsinthedirectionoppositeto

themotionanddisplacement,s,theworkisnegative.

Solve:(a)Applying FPs K f K i weobtain:

mgh 12 myf 2 12 myi 2

Dividingbymandsolvingfor yi , yi yf 2 2 gh . Substituting h 15.0 m and yf 25.0 m/s,

yi

25.0 m/s

(b)Solvethesameworkenergyrelationforh.Atthemaximumheight yf 0.

mgh 12 myf 2 12 myi 2

yi 2 yf 2 30.3 m/s 0.0 m/s

h

46.8 m

2g

2 9.80 m/s 2

2

Reflect:Notethattheweightof20Nwasneverusedinthecalculationsbecausebothgravitational

potentialandkineticenergyareproportionaltomass,m.Thusanyobject,thatattains 25.0 m/s ata

heightof15.0m,musthaveaninitialvelocityof 30.3 m/s. Astherockmovesupwardgravitydoes

negativeworkandthisreducesthekineticenergyoftherock.

7.23

A 61 kg skier on level snow coasts 184 to a stop from a speed of 12.0 m/s. (a) Use the workenergy principle to find the coefficient of kinetic friction between the skis and the snow. (b)

suppose a 75 kg skier with twice the starting speed coasted the same distance before

stopping. Find the coefficient of kinetic friction between the skiers skis and the snow.

Solve:(a)Settingthetwoexpressionfornetworkequal, Wnet mk mgs 12 myi 2 . Solvingforthe

coefficientofkineticfriction,

12.0 m/s

y2

mk i

3.99 3 102

2 gs 2 9.80 m/s 2 184 m

2

constantthen mk increasesbyafactorof4; mk 0.160.

Reflect:Tostoptheskierfrictiondoesnegativeworkthatisequalinmagnitudetotheinitialkinetic

energyoftheskier.

- Numericals on Work DoneUploaded bychhabra navdeep
- Physics I Problems (49).pdfUploaded bybosschellen
- FrictionUploaded byToran Sahu
- RPHYEAR 6 Sc Advantage n Disadvantage FrictionUploaded byRatnavell Muniandy
- How Does a Lever WorkUploaded byKeith Clark
- Friction Coefficients CompendiumUploaded bykolle_sdestefa
- apparent weight. example.pdfUploaded byShamoon Wahed
- Crowell Benjamin - Newtonian Physics 2Uploaded byyggdrassilroots
- fsr_05ewUploaded byAnrol Sarah Canare
- Phys10-Chap5-ApplyingNewtonsLawsUploaded byRomeo Ruales
- 709Uploaded bykannanmech87
- 2010 ACCESSIBILITY OVERVIEW - A LOOK AT BASIC PRINCIPLES AND KEY REQUIREMENTS FROM THE 2010 ADA AND THE 2010 CBCUploaded byaialosangeles
- project4Uploaded byjohnbobby400
- Pages From ASM Metals HandBook Volume 7 - Powder Metal Technologies AndUploaded byAndrei Catalin
- PM6Uploaded byrps1977
- Engineering Mechanics4Uploaded byAnonymous yorzHjDBd
- Injury Prevention OilfieldUploaded byWisnuPratamaPutra
- Coulomb DampingUploaded byAnkush Jain
- Thorpe Park Visit ReportUploaded byHyun-ho Shin
- Physics 201Uploaded bys_gamal15
- 851_Topper_21_116_1_4_7209_Energy___The_Driving_Force__up201507231543_1437646395_3746Uploaded byMansi Kakani Burhade
- ConstitutiveModeling_126Uploaded byClaudio Alvarez Gonzalez
- fsheetex2sp2003.pdfUploaded byMia Rismalia
- 08 Dynamics - EnergyUploaded byPramod Kumar Rockin
- Definition SettingsUploaded byConan Edogawa
- ()physics-201.pdfUploaded bySurya Anoraga J.Y
- Alp Syllabus 2Uploaded byRamachantran Ramachantran
- Autonomous Maintenance Step 4 Lubrication Module.docxUploaded byjesusmem
- hss liveUploaded byrakesh ramachandran
- Finals Physical ScienceUploaded byPit's Afalla

- Course 7Uploaded bymkinnetx
- FTV-122D Walter Murch Rule of SixUploaded bymkinnetx
- Exam 1 ReviewUploaded bymkinnetx
- CS20A Fall2016 SyllabusUploaded bymkinnetx
- Common Derivatives & IntegralsUploaded bystr8spades
- DIFFERENTIAL_EQUATIONS Soultions Manual.pdfUploaded bymkinnetx
- Table for Mass Moment if InertaUploaded bymkinnetx

- power mosfet explanationUploaded byAntony Rousos
- 2.5 Electrical Energy and PowerUploaded byEmil Helmi
- EM1_hw2Uploaded byaaalberteeeinstein
- 13. Permeability PropertiesUploaded bykiwi27_87
- Prem Parakiya - Dhananjay Ghoshal.pdfUploaded byShantanu Bhattacharya
- Math6201_1Uploaded byZineddine Aliche
- Chapter+4++Nagi+A+SeismicUploaded byPablo Torres
- Wsa Ex2b SubnettingUploaded bystormotron
- 4141EN_071204103351.pdfUploaded byStelian Hideg
- 50. Ijasr -- Quantitative Analysis of Resistanceto Powdery MildewUploaded byTJPRC Publications
- Seminar Report LibreUploaded byArun Gopinath
- Cognitive Semiotics 0Uploaded byGabriele Ferri
- 2.Osi LayersUploaded byAnup Patel
- 1.1 Review of Time ValueUploaded byChynna Balagot
- MENG 3324: Manufacturing Processes, UTPB, ch11Uploaded bythenew007
- sdUploaded bySourav Kumar
- AiUploaded byHimanshu Buckchash
- Test2 H&PUploaded byjayadevakodi
- sfv.docxUploaded bySalman Aslam
- Kerala TransformerUploaded byraza239
- 854ATG-4416220_Rev6.pdfUploaded byFabro Coronel
- Architecture and Freedom? Programmatic Innovation in the Work of Koolhaas:OMA (Dickson)Uploaded bykallah17
- CS2106 Lab 05Uploaded byweitsang
- Streitweiser Solvolytic Displacement ReactionsUploaded byCharles Billera
- Test forms for SSUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- ThesisUploaded byczds6594
- Capacitor placementUploaded byapi-3697505
- Opnet Basic ProcessesUploaded bycunningh
- estadisticaUploaded byISRAELQV
- OpenStack Installation Guide for (RHEL,CentOS,Fedora)Uploaded bykinamedebo

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.