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LESSON PLAN

School
Subject
Grade/Semester
Subject Material
Time Allocation

: Senior High School 1 Pekalongan


: Biology
: XI/I
: Animal Tissue
: 6 x 45 minutes

Standard Competence
Student will be able to understanding relationship between structure and function of
plant and animal tissue also the application in SETS
Basic Competence
Student will be able to identification the structure of vertebrae animal tissue and
relate to it function
Indicators
Student will be able to :
1. Identify the types of animal tissue based on the structure, shape and location,
based on pictures / photos of observation and study literature.
2. Distinguishing the various tissues (epithelial, connective, muscle, and nerves)
forming animal organs
3. Describe the structure and function of various tissues in animals
4. Explain the relationship between tissues, organs, and organ systems
5. Using knowledge of animal tissue that has been gained in new situations
Learning Objectives
Student will be able to :
1st meeting
- Identify the types of animal tissue based on the structure, shape and location,
based on pictures / photos of observation and study literature.
2nd meeting
- Distinguishing the various tissues (epithelial, connective, muscle, and nerves)
forming animal organs
- Describe the structure and function of various tissues in animals
3rd meeting
-Explain the relationship between tissues, organs, and organ systems
-Using knowledge of animal tissue that has been gained in new situations
I.

Learning Material
Animal Tissues
By the origin, plant tissues differentiate into two types, namely
meristematic tissue and permanent tissue. Merestematic tissue (embryonic tissue)
consists of a collection of young cells that continue to divide producing another
tissues Example of meristematic tissue are in the shoot of stem and root also the
cambium . Meristem at the shoot of the stem and roots of plants cause increasing

the tall. Cambium tissue produces vascular cambium and cork cambium. Results
of fission in meristematic tissue called permanent tissuet, because it is not
undergoing differentiation anymore.
Based on the structure and function, permanent tissue can be divided into the
following:
Epidermis
Parenchyma as ground mertistem
Sclerenchyma and collenchyma as support tissue
Xylem and phloem as transport tissue
Cork
Plant organ can divided into 3 parts : root, stem, and leaf.
II. . Learning Method
Methods
: Observation, discussion, presentation
Approach : Contextual Learning
III.Learning Steps
1st meeting
N
Learning Activities
o
1. Opening Activity
1. Teacher check students' attendance and
praying
2. Teacher tell the basic competence, indicators
and learning objectives
3. Teacher give the apperception by asking the
student about cell and tissues meaning
4. Teacher divided into 6 study groups and
describes the mechanism of learning
implementation
2. Main Activity
a. Exploration
Student read, listening, and understand the
structure and various of plant tissue from
the book and presentation by teacher
b. Elaboration
Students in group of 5 do the game of
snakes and ladders about plant tissue.
The steps of the game are :
- Starting the game by roll the dice
- Each student from group representative
answer the question that read by the
teacher and have to answer it.
- If the dice in green color, student
representative can be helped by his/her

Character Value

Time
10
minutes

Religious
Motivation
Curiosity
Willingness
learn

to

Listening
Listening
Analytic thinking
Curiosity
Tolerance
Working in group
Self confident
Analytic thinking
Critical thinking
Solve the problem
Curiosity

70
minutes

group
- If the dice in yellow color, student have
to answer it by him/herself
- If the dice in red color, student get
punishment
- The next round, members who have
been roll the dice replaced by another
member of the group, and so on.
Student discuss and collect more
information from some literatures
c. Confirmation
Teacher give positive feedback and
confirmation of the result of exploration Motivation
and elaboration
Reinforcement concept of plant tissue and
additional information by the teacher.
3.

Closing Activity
10
Making conclusion minutes
Student make conclusion about plant tissue.
Teacher tell the student about material in
next meeting.

2nd meeting
N
Learning Activities
o
1. Opening Activity
1. Teacher check students' attendance and
praying
2. Teacher tell the basic competence, indicators
and learning objectives
3. Teacher give the apperception by asking the
student about organs in plant
4. Teacher divided into 7 study groups and
describes the mechanism of learning
implementation
2. Main Activity
a. Exploration
Student read, listening, and understand the
structures and tissues in various organ in
plant from the book and presentation by
teacher
b. Elaboration
Students in group of 4 do the worksheet
about Organs in Plant, discuss, and collect
more information from some literatures.

Character Value

Time
10
minutes

Religious
Motivation
Curiosity
Willingness
learn

to

Listening
70
minutes
Listening
Analytic thinking
Curiosity
Working in group
Analytic thinking
Critical thinking
Solve the problem
Curiosity

3.

c. Confirmation
Each group representative, present the Self confident
Curiosity
discussion result in front of class
Reinforcement concept of plant organs and
additional information by the teacher.
Closing Activity
10
Making
conclusion
minutes
Student make conclusion about plant organs
Teacher give task to observe the relation
between cell totipotent and tissue culture
Teacher tell the student about material in
next meeting.

3rd meeting
N
Learning Activities
o
1. Opening Activity
1. Teacher check students' attendance and
praying
2. Teacher tell the basic competence, indicators
and learning objectives
3. Teacher asks the student to prepare for the
observation of plant tissue
4. Teacher divided into 10 study groups and
each groups prepare the observation tools
and materials
2. Main Activity
a. Exploration
Student make preparations leaf pieces
lengthwise then observed under microscope
with magnification of 10 x 10 and 10 x 40.
Student observes with microscope the cross
section of roots and stems with a
magnification of 10 x 10 and 10 x 40.
Student drawing the observation result
b. Elaboration
Students in group of 4 give the explanation
of each part in plant organ
Student discuss and collect more
information from some literatures
c. Confirmation
Teacher give positive feedback and
confirmation of the result of observation
3. Closing Activity
Student collect the observation result

Character Value

Time

Religious

10
minutes

Motivation
Active

70
minutes
Self confident

Tolerance
Working in group
Analytic thinking
Solve the problem
Motivation
Inisiatif

10
minutes

IV. Learning Tools and Material


Worksheet
Snakes and ladders game
Dice
Laptop with LCD
White board and spidol
Tools and material in biology laboratory
V. Learning Sources
Aryulina, Diah, dkk. 2007. Biologi 2 SMA and MA Grade XI page 34-63.
Jakarta
: ESIS, Erlangga
Biology laboratory
Environment
Syamsuri, Istamar. 2004. Biologi for Junior High School Grade XI Semester I
page 38-80. Jakarta : Erlangga
Worksheet of Plant Tissue
http : //gonzaga.biologi.com
VI. Assessment
1. Assessment technique
2. Form of instrument
3. Instrument

: Written test and observation report


: Multiple choice and essay
: Attached

Rubrik Penilaian
- Snakes and Ladders Game
Each question have 10 point
- Worksheet of plant organ
Each point have 2 point

Biology Teacher

Semarang, September 2012


Trainee

Drs. H. Riyanto
NIP.19670607 199512 1 003

Mutia Imtihana
NIM. 4401409046

ATTACHMENT
Snakes and Ladders Game

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35

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Aturan Bermain Ular Tangga


-Memulai permainan dengan melempar dadu
-Setiap putaran, masing-masing kelompok mengirimkan anggotanya untuk maju ke depan dan
bertanding dengan anggota kelompok lain
-Putaran selanjutnya, anggota kelompok yang telah maju digantikan dengan anggota lain dari
kelompoknya, dan demikian seterusnya.
-Jika berada di Zona Hijau
: menjawab pertanyaan dengan bantuan anggota
kelompoknya
-Jika berada di Zona Kuning
: menjawab pertanyaan tanpa bantuan kelompoknya
(menjawab sendiri). Jika di zona ini menemukan tangga, dan dapat menaiki tangga
sampai ke zona selanjutnya dengan catatan dapat menjawab pertanyaan dengan tepat.
-Jika berada di Zona Merah
: tidak mendapat pertanyaan sehingga tidak perlu
menjawabnya, melainkan mendapat hukuman (Zonk!) lalu posisinya bergerak turun
mengikuti kepala ular sampai menuju ekornya.
-Jika setelah melempar dadu mendapatkan posisi/letak di Zona yang sama dengan kelompok
lain, maka diberikan kesempatan lagi untuk melempar dadu kembali .
Soal
1. Apakah yang dimaksud dengan ikatan pembuluh radial? letak xylem dan floem berselang
seling
2. Apa fungsi jaringan gabus pada tumbuhan? sebagai pelindung jaringan lain dari
kekeringan
3. Part of plant that have the role to distribute water from ground it called? xylem
4. What is the function of floem? distribute the result of photosynthesis to another part of
plant
5. Mention the xylem component? Komponen pebuluh/trachea, tracheid, fiber/serabut
xylem, parenchyma xylem
6. Meristem primer ditemukan pada? apex of root and stem
8. Mango can do the photosynthesis because it have chlorophyll in? palisade parenchyma
9. Lingkaran tahun pada pohon disebabkan oleh aktivitas? cambium
10. Based on tunica corpus theory, the part that have role in expand the surface is called?
tunica
12. Mention 3 characteristics of meristem tissue! embryonic, microscopic, thin walled,
have kuboid or prismatic shape, small vacuole, rich of protoplasm
13. What is the part of plant that included in secondary meristem?

cambium (vascular cambium, cork cambium/felogen)


14. Batok kelapa sangat keras karena tersusun dari jaringan? schlerenchyme tissue
15. Kelenturan tangkai daun ketika ditiup angin disebabkan oleh salah satu jaringan yang
menyusunnya yaitu sel kipas
16. Stomata dan trikoma merupakan modifikasi dari jaringan . epidermis
17. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan cambium vaskuler cambium Ke arah dalam pada
batang akan menghasilkan secondary xylem
18. Mention types of meristem based on their position/location! apical, lateral, intercallary
19. Mention 5 kinds of permanenet tisuues! cork, vascular, support, parenchyma, epidermis
20. According to histogen theory of hanstein, the part that will become central zone is
phlerome
22. What is the meaning of anticlinal fission?
23. What is the function of epidermis tissue?
pelindung terhadap penguapan, kerusakan mekanis, suhu udara yg terlalu tinggi/rendah,
kehilangan zat-zat makanan , dan serangan hama serta penyakit
24. Aerenchyme is the type of parenchyme tissue that have function as ? air storage
25. What is the dufferent between closed collateral and open collateral? close without
cambium, open has cambium
26. According to position in plant body, fibers classified into 2 types, there are : xylary and
extraxylary fibers
27. Mention 3 types of collenchyme tisuue! angular, lamelar, lacunar, annular
28. Mention 3 function of parenchyma tissue! storage, assimilation, water storage, air
storage, transportation
30. What is the function of thrychoma in root? membantu penyerapan air dan garam
mineral
31. Mention 2 types of trychoma! glandular and non glandular
32. Mention parts of stoma! porus, epidermis cell, guard cell, sel tetangga
33. What is the different between diastik and parasitic? letak sel tetangga, diastik tegak
lurus parasitic sejajar dengan guard cell
35. Mention 4 characteristic of epidermis tissue! no chlorophyll, no intercellular cell, form
derivate, rectangular shape, consist of living cells

1 soal = 10 poin

WORK SHEET

PLANT ORGAN
Group
Member

XI IPA

:
: 1. .
2. .
3. .
4.
: ..

Roo

1. Mention parts that designated by the line!

2. Compare anatomy structure of monocot and dicot root!


Component
Letak berkas pembuluh
Cambium
Empulur

Monocot

Stem
3. Mention parts that designated by the line!

4. Compare anatomy structure of monocot and dicot stem!

Dicot

Component
Letak berkas pembuluh
Cambium
Empulur

Monocot

Dicot

Leaf
5. Mention the leaf tissue component

6. What is the function of each component of leaf?


Component
Upper epidermis
Palisade parenchyma
Spongy parenchyma
Vascular bundle
Lower epidermis

Masing-masing poin = 2 poin

Kunci Jawaban Worksheet Plant organ


1. - epidermis

Function

- korteks
- endodermis
- perisikel
- xylem
- empulur
- kambium
2.
Component
Letak berkas pembuluh
Cambium
Empulur
3. korteks
- empulur
- cambium
- xylem
- floem
- epidermis
4.
Component
Letak berkas pembuluh
Cambium
Empulur
5. a. epidermis
b. palisade parenchyma
c. vascular bundle
d. spony parenchyma
e. stomata
6.
Component
Upper epidermis
Palisade parenchyma
Spongy parenchyma
Vascular bundle
Lower epidermis

Monocot
Berselang seling
Luas

Dicot
kolateral
Punya
Sempit

Monocot
Tersebar
Tidak dapat dibedakan
dengan korteks

Dicot
beraturan
Memiliki cambium
Dapat dibedakan dengan
korteks

Function
Pelindung, transpirasi, respirasi
Assimilasi
Storage
Mangangkut air dan hasil fotosintesis
Pelindung, transpirasi, respirasi

Pengamatan Mikroskopis
Tujuan : 1. Melihat susunan jaringan pada akar, batang, dan daun
2. Membandingkan struktur anatomi akar dan batang dikotil dan monokotil

Alat dan Bahan


Alat
:
1. Mikroskop
daun
2. Silet
3. Gabus
daun
4. Cawan petri
5. Pipet
6. Gelas benda dan gelas penutup

Bahan :
1. Irisan melintang akar, batang, dan
Zea mays / jagung
2. Irisan melintang akar, batang, dan
Impatiens balsamina / pacar air
3. Irisan melintang batang dan daun
Pleomele angustifolia / suji

Cara Kerja
1. Lakukan pengirisan secara melintang setipis mungkin menggunakan bantuan
gabus pada akar, batang, dan daun dari masing-masing tanaman dengan
menggunakan silet tajam
2. Letakkan irisan di atas gelas benda dan ditetesi dengan air lalu tutup dengan gelas
penutup
3. Amati hasil dengan menggunakan mikroskop
4. Buatlah gambar skematis dari preparat yang telah diamati
Hasil Pengamatan
No
Nama Preparat

Hasil Pengamatan

Gambar

Keterangan

Group :
Member :
1.
2.
3.

No

Nama Preparat

Gambar

Keterangan