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Name of Drug

Action &
Indication

Classification:

INDICATION

Ketoanalogues
and nitrogenfree essential
amino acids

- Chronic Renal
Insufficiency
together with
low protein,
high caloric diet
in compensated
and
decompensated
retention

- Ketosteril
600mg/tab

Mechanism of
action
- Normalizes
metabolic
process,
promotes
recycling
product
exchange.Reduc
es ion
concentration of
potassium,
magnesium and
phosphate

Adverse Effects

Nursing
Responsibilities

- Tetracycline effect - Observe 12 Rights
Ca absorption
in medication
administration
- Assess for any
hypersensitivity
reaction to
KETOSTERIL
- As uremic
symptoms
improve Al
hydroxide should
be reduced

Name of Drug Action & Indication Classification: Antienemics Vitamins .Folic acid mg/tab INDICATION .Prevention and treatment of megaloblastic and macrocytic anemia 5 Mechanism of action . signs of malaise. weakness. megaloblastic confusion anemia. dyspnea before SKIN.rash and throughout the therapy .Asses patient for difficulty sleeping.irritability. . fatigue.Required for protein synthesis and red blood cell function stimulates the production of red blood cells and platelets Adverse Effects Nursing Responsibilities CNS.

Observe 12 Rights in medication administration Nausea. vomiting GU. . hypercalcemia -Observe patient for symptoms of hypocalcemia -Monitor serum calcium.Essential for nervous Muscular and Skeletal system .CaCO3 500mg/tab TID Adverse Effects Nursing Responsibilities GI.Treatment and prevention of hypocalcemia suppements .maintain capillary membrane and .Maybe used as antacids .Name of Drug Classification: Action & Indication INDICATION Mineral and electrolyte replacements/ .calculi.constipation. ionized calcium Mechanism of action .

skeletal. smooth muscle Name of Drug Classification: Action & Indication INDICATION Antigout agents .Hypotension.Prevention of attack of gouty arthritis and Antihyperuricemi Adverse Effects Nursing Responsibilities CV.Observe 12 Rights flushing in medication hypertension.Capillary permeability Act as an activator in the transmission of Nerve impulses and contraction of cardiac. administration bradycardia and heart failure -Monitor Intake and . .

drowsiness output GI. hepatitis.Monitor for joint pain and swelling .Assess patient for rash or severe hypersensitivity reactions GU.lowering of serum uric acid levels CNS.Allopurinol 100mg/tab Mechanism of action Inhibits the production of uric acid by inhibiting the action of xanthine oxidase . hematuria .renal failure.c nephropathy dosage . nausea and vomiting .diarrhea.

tachycardia GI.Name of Drug Classification: Action & Indication INDICATION Antianemics . constipation dark stool Nursing Responsibilities . hypertension. headache symptoms CV. myoglobin and a number of enzymes epigastric pain .An essential mineral found in hemoglobin.Monitor hemoglobin level .Observe 12 Rights in medication administration -Assess nutritional status and dietary history to determine possible causes of anemia -Assess bowel function for constipation or diarrhea diarrhea Mechanism of action .nausea.hypotension.dizziness.Ferrous sulfate dialysis who are tab 1 tab OD currently receiving erythropoietin Adverse Effects CNS.Treatment of iron deficiency in patients Iron Supplements undergoing chronic hemodialysis or peritoneal .

administration bradycardia and heart failure -Monitor Intake and output CNS.Observe 12 Rights flushing in medication hypertension. nausea hypersensitivity and vomiting reactions GU.Prevention of attack of gouty arthritis and Antihyperurecemi nephropathy cs .Monitor for joint pain and swelling .Assess patient for GI.diarrhea. rash or severe hepatitis.Allopurinol 100mg/tab Mechanism of action Inhibits the production of uric acid by inhibiting the action of xanthine oxidase . hematuria .Hypotension.renal failure.Name of Drug Classification: Action & Indication INDICATION Antigout agents .drowsiness .lowering of serum uric acid levels Adverse Effects Nursing Responsibilities CV. .

.Erythropoetin 4000 units 2x a week Mechanism of action .Name of Drug Action & Indication Classification: INDICATION Epoetin alpha .nausea. early part of the therapy edema GI. may increase especially when fatigue hematocrit is increasing in the CV. Blood pressure Dizziness. vomiting Respiratorycough shortness .headache.Patient treated with Epoetin alpha may need additional heparin to prevent clotting during .Stimulates the bone marrow to enhance the rate of red Adverse Effects Nursing Responsibilities CNS.Monitor BP before the therapy (160/80mmHg).Management of anemia caused by Chronic renal Disease . seizures.hypertension.

blood cells.Avoid shaking( will denature the glycoprotein making it biological inactive) Name of Drug Classification: Action & Indication INDICATION Adverse Effects Nursing Responsibilities Headache.Advice the patient to control BP by strict adherence of diet regimen and drug therapy . lower .Give supplemental iron to enhance effect .rash dialysis treatment .Observe 12 rights palpitation. . decreases the need of blood tranfusions of breath SKIN.

resulting in inhibition of excitationcontraction coupling and subsequent contraction leg edema.Care must be exercised in patients with very low bp(. pressure regularly.Inhibits the transport of calcium into myocardial and vascular smooth muscle cells.Hypertension. blockers angina pectoris and vasopastic angina . GI especially in disturbances and patient who take muscle cramps beta blockers or hypertensives .Nifedipine 30mg/tablet TID .90 mmHg systolic pressure) . dizziness.Monitor Blood hypotension.Tell patient to protect capsules from direct moisture and to store at room temperature .Nicardipine 10mg/amp Mechanism of action . .Calcium channel.

elevated BUN. HCT Nursing Responsibilities & Considerations -Administer with caution on the 12 rights in medication administration -Monitor water intake to prevent crystallization -Do not give with antacids -Give within 2 hours after meals -Monitor for rashes .Name of drug Ciprofloxacin Classification: Broad Spectrum antibiotic Dosage & Frequency: Ciprofloxain 500mg/tab Action & Indication -Inhibits DNA gyrase -Bactericidal effect -Pseudomonas infection. insomnia. diarrhea.SGPT. gram negative urinary tract infection or gram negative systemic infection Adverse Effects CNS – dizziness.SGOT. confusion GI. headache.nausea and vomiting. creatinine. decrease WBC. flatulence DERMA.