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Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.CO.

IN

1

Multiple Choice Questions
1.

The conjugate base of HCO3 is
(A) H2CO3

(B) CO32 

(C) CO2

(D) H2O

Sol.

(B). HCO3 will release one H+ to form CO32 .

2.

Stronger lewis acid is
(A) Na+
(C) Rb+

(B) K+
(D) Cs+

Sol.

(A). The species which can accept electrons are called lewis acid.

3.

The correct order of conjugate base strength is
(A) H 3O   H 2O  OH   O 2 
(B) O 2   OH   H 2O  H 3O 
(C) H 2O  H 3O   O 2   OH 

(D) H 3O   H 2O  O 2   OH 

Sol.

(B).

4.

Amphoteric behaviour is shown by
(A) H2CO3 and Al2O3
(C) HCO3– and H3O+

Sol.

(B).

5.

The pH of an acidic buffer mixture is
(A)  7
(C)  7

Sol.

(D). pH  pK a  log

6.

The pH of aqueous solution of sodium acetate is
(A) 7
(B) < 7
(C) > 7
(D) None of these

Sol.

(C). CH3COONa  H2O 
CH3COOH  NaOH

(B) HCO3– and H2O
(D) H2CO3 and H2O

(B)  7
(D) depends on K a of the acid

[salt]
[acid]

The solution will be basic due to presence of strong base.
7.

A certain buffer solution contains equal concentration of X– and HX. The Kb for X– is 10–10. The pH of the buffer is
(A) 4
(B) 7
(C) 10
(D) 14

Sol.

(A). pOH  pK b  log

8.

[X  ]
 10. Hence pH = 14 –10 = 4
[HX]
In which of the following cases the acid strength is highest
(A) Ka = 10–6
(B) pKa = 5
(C) pKb = 10
(D) Kb = 10–11

Sol.

(D). Smaller the Kb value lesser is the basicity and more is the acidity.

9.

Which is acidic salt?

Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.CO.IN

pH = –log [H+]. [KCN]  9. Be(OH)2 is the weakest base in this group hence it has least solubility. (B). (A). In which case pH will not change on dilution (A) 0. The pKa of HCN is 9. at all temperatures Sol. If 0. which of these salts is expected to produce the most acidic solution? (A) NaC2H3O2 (B) NH4NO3 (C) CuSO4 (D) AlCl3 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. (A). The hydroxide having the lowest value of K sp at 25 C is 15.5 mole of KCN & 2. (D).IN (A) KHF2 (C) Na2HPO4 2 (B) NaH2PO4 (D) All of these Sol. 10.01M CH3COONH4 (C) 0.30 [HCN] (A) Mg( OH )2 (B) Ca( OH )2 (C) Ba( OH )2 (D) Be( OH )2 Sol.001 M HCl is (A) 1 (C) 5 (B) 3 (D) 10 Sol.1 mol of a salt is added to 1. All contain H+ ions.01M NaH2PO4 (D) in all the above cases Sol.01M CH3COONa + 0. NaH2PO4 is.5 mole HCN in water and making the total volume 500 ml is (A) 9.30 (D) 8. Among the following statements which is true? (A) K w is independent of temperature (B) At 65°C pH of water is not equal to 7 (C) pK w increases with temperature (D) pH + pOH = 14. Mixture of sodium acetate and acetic acid is a buffer of pH value equal to pKa so its buffer capacity is maximum and hence its pH will not change significantly while CH3COONH4 is a salt of weak acid CH3COOH and weak base NH4OH whose magnitude of Ka and Kb are equal.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.IN .30 (C) 10. With increase in temperature Kw value increases (i. 13.0 L of water. So its pH does not depend upon concentration. Hence. 16. (D). The pH of a solution prepared by mixing 2. (B). The pH of 0. pKw decreases) and pH of water becomes lesser than 7. (D).  pH = 3 12. in fact. hence [H+] = 10–13 in one litre and 10–16 in one ml.30 (B) 7.30. pH of water = 7 at 25°C. Further more.CO. a single solute buffer.02  107 11.e. pH  pK a  log 14.30 Sol. The number of H+ ions present in 1ml of a solution whose pH is 13 (A) 6 × 107 (B) 6 × 1010 23 (C) 6 × 10 (D) 6 × 1022 Sol.023 1023  1016  6. 10–3 = [H+]. number of H+ ions  6.CO.01M CH3COOH buffer (B) 0.

pH = 19.8  10–7 –12 (C) 2. [H+] = = Ka  C 2.4  10–7 18. 3 (D).1  10 (D) 2.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. At 25°C the pH of 10 M NaOH is 11.8  10–5M whose pH value will be 3  pK aCH COOH (D) None of these 3 (A).8 (C) 8. Choose the correct statement regarding pH and pOH of the solution after heating. (A). pH + pOH will decrease. K1 = 2  10–7 & K2 = 4  10–11) (A) 10. Molarity of NaOH solution remaining constant. pKa( HCN )  pKa( CH COOH) 3 3 –3 22.CO.More is heat of ionisation of acid. AlCl3  H2O  3HCl  Al(OH)3 Since more acid is produced hence.CO. The sweetener. Solubility of Ag is decreased in (A) HCl (B) (C) NH3 pK a1  pK a2 2 . Dissociation constant of two acids HA & HB are respectively 4  10–10 & higher. more is stability of acid or lesser is dissociation. 20. (A). or Ka( CH COOH)  Ka(HCN) thus. (B). 17. more acidic solution is obtained. (A) pH will decrease while pOH will remain constant (B) pH will increase while pOH will remain constant (C) pH will increase while pOH will decrease (D) Both pH and pOH will decrease Sol. o The H ionisation for HCN and CH 3COOH are 45. Common ion effect. Now let 10–3M solution of NaOH is warmed to 45°C without changing the volume of solution and hence molarity of solution. (A) 1.55 (D) 7.0  10–2 mole of saccharin in 1.1  1012  1  102 = 1. saccharin. (A).4  10–7 (B) 1.5 M solution of NaHCO3 is almost equal to (For H2CO3. Calculate the H3O+ concentration in a solution that contains 1. 23. Kw will increase and hence.IN . (A) HA (B) HB (C) Both same (D) Can’t say Sol.1 kJ/mol respectively which of the following is correct (A) pK aHCN  pK aCH COOH (B) pK aHCl  pK aCH COOH 3 (C) pK a HCN  Sol. CH3COOH (D) CHCl3 Sol. A buffer solution can be prepared from a mixture of (1) Sodium acetate and acetic acid in water Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.1  10–12.1  10–14 Sol. 1. Lesser the acidity more is pH.00 L of otherwise pure water.2 Sol. The pH of 0.IN Sol. pOH will remain constant but pH will decrease.2 and 2. is a weak monoprotic acid with Ka = 2.52 (B) 9. (A). 21.

CO.710–10) is obtained when equal volumes of the following are mixed (A) 10–4 M Ca2+ + 10–4 M F– (B) 10–2 M Ca2+ + 10–3 M F– (C) 10–5 M Ca2+ + 10–3 M F– (D) 10–3 M Ca2+ + 10–5 M F– Sol. which is more than 1.12 = 109 0. what is the value of equilibrium constant at equivalent point at 25°C. 24.67.67 .1  0. Buffer is a solution of a weak acid or base and its salt with strong base or strong acid respectively.710–10 8 26.CO. [Ca2+][F–]2 2 102  V  103  V  =     2V   2V  1 =  108 . The solution of pH = 9 is basic and it will least dissolve CH3COOAg as CH3COO– produced is also basic. (B). HA  OH K w 1014   105 Ka 109 The pH of a saturated solution of Ca(OH)2 in water at 25°C is 12.1  0. 2.1(1   ) At equivalence point. The precipitate of CaF2(Ksp = 1. What is the concentration of OH– in the saturated solution.1 (1   ) H 0.1   103   1  104 0. A weak monobasic (0. (D). When this acid is neutralised by strong base (NaOH).1 M) has a pH of 3 at a particular temperature (25°C). 3 (C) 1.67 (B) 10–14 10–12. A   H2O Kh  27. 4 (B) 1.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. Let the weak acid be HA HA 0.67 (C) 10–14/10–12.1  Ka   0. in moles of OH– per litre? (A) 10–14/12.IN (D) 10 14 10 12. 3. (A) 10 5 (B) 10 4 (C) 10 7 (D) 10 14 Sol. 4 (D) 2. 25. (B).1   A 0. 4 Sol. The solubility of CH3COOAg would be least amongst the following solvent in (A) a solution of pH = 4 (B) pure water (C) neutral solution of pH=7 (D) a solution of pH=9 Sol.IN 4 (2) Sodium acetate and hydrochloric acid in water (3) Ammonia and ammonium chloride in water (4) Ammonia and sodium hydroxide in water (A) 1.67 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. (B).

(A). 10. Match list–I with listII and select the correct answer using the codes given below Number of moles of acid or base added in one litre Change in pH ListI (a) (b) (c) (d) ListII CH3COONa NH4Cl Bi2S3 CdS Codes (a) (b) (1) (2) (3) (4) (c) (d) Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.0 and 11.01 mole of NaOH is added to 1 litre of it. (D). 9.1M. 33. When 0. Aspirin will be (A) Unionised in the small intestine and in the stomach (B) Completely ionized in the small intestine and in the stomach. (B). 31. 32. the strongest acid is (A) HW (B) HX (C) HY (D) HZ Sol. Since pH in small intestine is more. NaX.0. (C) Ionised in the stomach and almost unionized in the small intestine (D) Ionised in the small intestine and almost unionsied in the stomach Sol. The pH of gastric juice in human stomach is about 2–3 and the pH in the small intestine is about 8.5. The pKa of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is 3.IN 5 [1014 ] [OH] Sol.IN Strong electrolyte with pH > 7 Strong electrolyte with the pH < 7 Weak electrolyte with Ksp = s2 Weak electrolyte with Ksp = 108s5 . NaY and NaZ had pH 7.325. When each solution was 0.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. It buffer capacity is (A) 30 (B) 0. (D). A certain weak acid has a dissociation constant of 1  10–4. The pH of a buffer is 4. As pH of NaW is least. Molarity of pure water  29. The molarity of pure water is (A) 55. The equilibrium constant for its reaction with a strong base is (A) 1  10–4 (B) 1  10–10 10 (C) 1  10 (D) 1  10–14 Sol.0 respectively.6 (C) 100 (B) 50 (D) 18 1000  55. the pH changes to 4. the conditions are basic and aspirin will dissociate. pH   log[H ]   log 28.6 18 Sol.0307 (C) 2.0. Equilibrium constant = Dissociation constant in this case.625.3 (D) 1 Sol. it will produce weakest acid on hydrolysis. (C). Separate solution of four sodium salts NaW.CO.CO. Buffer capacity  30. (A).

H+ from HCl will neutralize OH–. Addition of hydrochloric acid to a saturated solution of cadmium hydroxide Cd(OH)2. This is a acidic buffer solution. What is the total volume solution (in ml).IN .909 11  VT  VNaOH  VCH3COOH = 90.5 x 10–14) in water would cause (A) the solubility of cadmium hydroxide to decrease (B) the OH– concentration to decrease and the Cd2+ concentration to increase (C) the concentrations of both Cd2+ and OH– to decrease (D) the concentrations of both Cd2+ and OH– to increase Sol. Cd2+(aq. (B).909 + 100 = 190. Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. let the volume of NaOH added = V ml V  pH  pK a  log 100  V V 6  5  log 100  V V   10 100  V 1000 V  90.IN (A) (B) (C) (D) 2 1 1 1 3 2 3 3 1 4 2 4 6 4 3 4 2 Sol.91 (B) 90. (C).5 Sol. Cd(OH)2(s) 36.) Which of the following best describes what will happen when a solution of AgNO3 is slowly added to a saturated solution of silver acetate.) + 2OH–(aq.91 35. without changing the volume significantly? CH3COOAg (s) CH3COO– (aq) + Ag+ (aq) (A) Some of the solid silver acetate will dissolve (B) The concentration of acetate ion will increase (C) Some solid silver acetate will precipitate (D) The concentrations of acetate ion and silver ion will both increase Sol. Ksp of CdS = s2 and Ksp of Bi2S3 = 108s5 34. CH3COOAg. To maintain the following equilibrium constant value of constant [Cd2+] will have to increase.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. (B). (A). Ksp = 2.CO.9 (C) 100 (D) 135.CO. Due to common ion effect. when 1 M NaOH is required to be added in 100 ml of 1M CH 3COOH (Ka = 10–5) solution so that its pH becomes 6 (A) 190.

the solubility follows the order S1  S3  S2  S4 38. Percentage hydrolysis of 0. What is the correct relationship between these quantities? Sol.9. (A) S1  S2  S3  S4 (B) S1  S2 = S3  S4 (C) S1  S3  S2  S4 (D) S4  S2  S3  S1 (C). Since the concentration of common ion  1 so lub ility Hence. 0. Conductivity Sol.5510–2 (B) 0.CO.01 M CaCl2.01 M NaCl and 0.63 (D) 1. h  Kw 1014  Ka  K b (1.05 M AgNO3 be S1. The indicator will not be a suitable indicator for the titration between (B) H2SO4 and NaOH (C) CH3COOH and NaOH (D) HCl and NH4OH (A) (B) Conductivity (D).810–2 Sol. Which graph best represents the electrical conductivity behaviour that occurs when an aqueous solution of acetic acid is titrated with an aqueous solution of NaOH. (C). Solution of HCl and NH4OH will have less pH than the indicator range.CO. 39. (B). 7 Let the solubility of AgCl in H2O.55 (C) 7.8  105 )2 % Hydrolysis  h 100  0. After equivalence point pH increases sharply as NaOH is a strong base. S2. 40.IN 37.55% Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. An acid–base indicator has a pH range of 8.1 M CH3COONH4 when Ka = Kb = 1.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. (A) HCl and NaOH mL of NaOH (D) mL of NaOH Conductivity (C) Conductivity mL of NaOH mL of NaOH Sol. 0.3 – 9.810–5 is (A) 0.IN . S3 and S4 respectively.

At the end point of the reaction.95 ml (D) 9. The percentage error in hydronium ion concentration made by neglecting the ionisation of water in 1  10 6 NaOH is (A) 1% (B) 2% (C) 3% (D) 4% Sol. For maintaining a constant pH = 9. K a for HCN is 5  10 10 at 25°C. then for acidic buffer [salt] pH  pK a  log [acid] 5x  9  10  log 5  log 20 4  9  10  log 5  log x 20  9  10  log x 20  log 1 x 20   10 x x = 2 ml Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. Let the volume of KCN = x ml. A solution is a mixture of 0.IN = 105  109 1014 Sol. The minimum concentration of iodide ion in the solution when AgCl just starts precipitating is equal to ( K sp of AgCl = 1  10 10 M 2 .CO. .IN 8 41. K sp AgI = 4  10 -16 M 2 ) 1014  100  1% 1012 (A) 2  10 7 (C) 4  10 26 Sol.3 ml (C). % error  42.1 M NaI.CO. the volume of 5 M KCN solution required to be added to 10 ml of 2 M HCN solution is (A) 4 ml (C) 2 ml Sol.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. (A). (B). (B) 7.1 4  1016  4  107 9 10 N  30 ml of   CH 3COOH is added in NaOH solution. then at the end point of the reaction. the equilibrium 5  constant of the reaction at 25°C (given that K a( CH3COOH )  10 5 ) will be (A) 10 9 (C) 1  10 9 5 (B) 10 9 (D) None of these Ka Kw (A). (B) 4  10 7 (D) 4  10 6 1010  109 0. the equilibrium constant = 44. When AgCl starts precipitating then [Ag+] = At that time [I ]  43.1 M NaCl and 0.

0 M solution of a weak base.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. 1.5% ionised. (C).2 M NaOH for the end point. AB4C. The pKa of the weak acid is (A) 6. pH = pKa + log 5. pH  pK a  log 48. [base] Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.3 (B) 5. (A). During titration. Ksp for (C) is 108s5. (B).CO. (B).5 (C) 6. To a mixture of NH4Cl and NH3 in water.5 47. 1 M solution of BOH is mixed with 30 mL water.0  10–12M Sol. 0. AB3C2 are same then the solubility is maximum for (A) AB5 (B) AB4C (C) AB3C2 (D) All are having same solubility Sol.8 = pKa + log [salt] [acid] 20 10  pKa = 5. the degree of dissociation of the base in the resulting solution and H+ ion concentration of the solution will be respectively (A) 0. the pH of acid solution is found to be 5.25  10–3M (B) 0. a further amount of NH4Cl is added.0  10 M (D) 0.  = 5  4  10–3 = 2  10–2 1 1   102 M [OH] = C = 2  102  16 8 8  10 14 [H+] = = 8  1012 M 102 i. If 2 mL. the ratio of concentration of salt to acid is increased 10 fold then the pH of the solution will (A) increase by one (B) increase ten fold (C) decrease by one (D) decrease ten fold Sol.04 and 3.08  3. Since Ksp < 1.02 and 1. BOH is only 0. hence s is maximum in this case. The pH of the mixture (A) Increase (B) Decrease (C) Remains same (D) Be unpredictable Sol. In a buffer solution consisting of a weak acid and its salt. hence.1 (D) None of these Sol.02 and 8.IN 9 45.  = = 0.8 upon addition of 20 mL of the above alkali.IN . HA required 30 mL. (D). If solubility product for the salts AB5.5  10–3M –4 (C) 0. [salt] [acid] [salt] .e. pOH increases and pH decreases. pOH  pK a  log 49. 50 mL of a weak acid.5 = 5  10–3 100 Kb C 1 C Dilution is made 16 times so concentration will decrease 16 times and  will increase 4 times.   46.CO.

[OH–] = 10–6 and [H+] = 10–8 52. 53. then the one to be Kf Kf .07  1010 s–1 Sol.4  1010 L mol–1 s–1. Compound having lowest solubility product is precipitated first. (3) Pipette (A) 1 only (B) 2 only (C) 1 and 3 only (D) 2 and 3 only Sol. B .CO. 55. K(ionisation)  51.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.8  10 10 . The ionization constant of NH4+ in water is 5. (A). Titrated solution is present in flask. would be best for preparing a buffer with a pH = 4. MC and MD are 1. The equilibrium constant for its reaction with excess of strong acid will be (A) 10 20 (C) 10 20 Sol. The rate constant for the reaction of NH4+ and OH– to form NH3 and H2O at 25°C is 3.5? Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. Which acid. (A). If a 0. She pipets a sample of the NaOH solution into a flask and adds two drops of an indicator.07  105 s–1 (B) 6. MB.CO. (A). A student determines the concentration of a solution of NaOH. (B). (A). C .IN .IN 10 50. together with its sodium salt. hence K b  Kb K(ionisation) precipitated first will be (A) MA (C) MC (B) MB (D) MD Sol. 4  10 -3 . The solubility products of MA. 4 10 -8 and 6  10 5 respectively. B(OH)2  2H K (B) 10 6 (D) 10 16 B2  2H2O 1 Kh K h for hydrolysis of B2 = K 2w [B(OH)2 ][H ]2  2  [OH ]  Kb [B2 ][OH ]2 Kh  1028  1020 108 1  1020 Kh 54.. Standardized acid is added from a burette until the indicator changes colour. Ksp = [Ag2+] [OH–]2 hence. What is the pH value at which Mg(OH)2 begins to precipitate from a solution containing 0.07  1010 s–1 –5 –1 (C) 6. (2) Flask.01 M solution of MX is added drop wise to a mixture containing A  .07  10 s (D) 6. The rate constant for proton transfer from water to NH3 is (A) 6.2 M Mg+2 ions? Ksp of Mg(OH)2 is 2  10–13 M3? (A) 8 (B) 9 (C) 6 (D) 7 Sol. Which device may contain residual water without affecting the results of the titration? (1) Burette.and D  ions. A weak base B( OH )2 has dissociation constant 10 8 .6  10–10 at 25°C.

CO. (C).4 Sol.2 M acid is added to 250 ml of a buffer solution with pH = 6.1 pH = = 8.4 x 10¯3) (B). the volume of the base required is 26.7  10.0  107 and (A) 10.5 (C) 4 (D) 0.5 M solution of NaHCO3 (for H2CO3: k1 = 2. For the solution of salt containing amphiprotic anion and unhydrolysed cation the pH is. 4 10 13 M NaOH (B) 2.8 (C) 8. (A) 1. k2 = 4.IN (A) HCN–(Ka = 4.1 (B) 0. [H ]  C  Ka  C For same pH.32. At what molar concentration ratio. 2 (C) 3. C1  0. The ratio of dissociation constant of two weak acids HA and HB is 4. (A).2  10 6 . pH of a saturated solution of M( OH )2 is 13.CO. 61.25 Sol.0. [H+] = 10–13 and [OH–] = 10–1 = 25 Ksp = [M2+] [OH]2 = (s) (2s)2 = 5 × 10–4 57. Hence. The salt which produces weak acid is hydrolysed most.34.55 (D) 7. pH = 13 = –log [H+]. 58. the two acids have the same pH.5  10 4 Sol.52 (B) 9. Hence. 2  10 6 M HCl 3. 10 ml of 0. (B). 3.0  10–11) is almost equal to The pH of the solution becomes Number of moles of acid or base added in one litre of buffer Change in pH 10 8 M HCl 4.2 (C) 0.1 M strong base BOH has a pH = 5. 4C1 = C2 or 62. The sodium salt of which of the following four weak acids will be most hydrolysed? (A) HA ( K a  10 8 ) (B) HB (K a  2  10 6 ) (C) HC (K a  3  10 7 ) (D) HD (K a  4  10 10 ) Sol. pk1  pk2 6. (C). (A) 2 (B) 0. Buffer capacity  60. The buffer capacity of the solution is (A) 0.6 ml K a of acid is (A) 1. Which of the following solution(s) have pH between 6 and 7? 1.8 x 10¯4) Sol.4 17. (D). 6.25 C2 A weak acid HA after treatment with 12 ml of 0.55   2 2 2 59.2 Sol. The acid having pKa  4. 56.8  10 5 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. The pH of 0. 11 (B) C3H5O2H–(Ka = 1.9 x 10¯10) (C) HF–(Ka = 6.3 (D) 0. K sp of M( OH )2 is (A) 5  10 6 (C) 5  10 4 (B) 10 3 (D) 2.3 x 10¯5) (D) ClC2H2O2H–(Ka = 1. 3 (D) 2.IN (B) 8. 2  10 6 M NaOH 2.5 will be the best.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. (D). 4 Sol. At the end point.

The concentration of iodide ion in the solution when AgCl just starts precipitating is equal to Ksp(AgCl) = 1  10–10. A solution is a mixture of 0. i.05M NaI.IN .IN (C) 8.2  10 5 Sol.CO.77  10 5 respectively. The relative strengths of the two acids is (A) 3. If their K a1 K a2  9 .CO. The dissociation constants of formic and acetic acids are 1. solubility of CsBr3  2  103 M Cs  Br3 CsBr(s) s s Ksp  S  4  106 M2 2 64. then at same pH their molar concentration ratio will be (A) 0.5  10 6 12 (D) 8. 1 2 (D) 0.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. therefore (A) 1. 63. The solubility product of CsBr3 is. (A).36 (B) 100 (D) 5. Ksp(AgCl) = [Ag+] [Cl–] 1010  [Ag  ]   2  109 0.18 (C) 6.77  10 4 and 1.25 (B) (A).0 Sol. 103 g 1 L ( Thus. (C).05 Ksp (AgI) = [Ag+] [I–] 4  1016  [I ]   2  107 2  109 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. 65. (B) 4  10 6 M 2 (D) 3. (C).05 M NaCl and 0.6  10 11 M 4 (C) 8  10 9 M 3 Sol. 106 g water is associated with 746 g.111 (C) 4 Sol.2  10 14 M 5 746  2 mole of CsBr3 373 d = 1) is dissociated with 2 103 mole of CsBr3 (B).e. H – A and H – B are two weak monobasic acids. Ksp(AgI) = 4  10–16) (A) 4  10–6 (B) 2  10–8 –7 (C) 2  10 (D) 8  10–15 Sol. The solubility of CsBr3 (MW = 373) in water is 746 ppm. [H ]  Ka  C Hence 9C1 = C2 C1 1  C2 9 66.

(B). NH4+ – (C) basic. At –60C.02  1023  1015 1000 68. we get Y. He has got three samples AgCl(Ksp = 10–10). Ksp = 10–30  [NH4 ] [NH2 ]  x2  x  1015 Number of [NH2 ] present per cc  6. The concentration of [OH–] left in a solution after mixing 50 ml of 0. X and Y are (A) basic NH4+ (B) acidic. AgBr(Ksp = 10–13) and Ag2CrO4(Ksp = 10–12).8  10–4 m/L (B) 1.1 M NaOH solution. Cl (D) acidic Cl– Sol.IN .2  10–11) (A) 2. pH1/ 4  pK a  log 1/4 3/4 3/4 1/4  2 log3 pH3 / 4  pK a  log  pH1/ 4  pH3/ 4 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.4 m NaOH. Which of the above compound will be used by him using minimum weight of prepare the saturated solution (A) AgCl (B) AgBr (C) Ag2CO2 (D) All of these Sol. Solution of ammonium chloride is X due to hydrolysis of X. ACl2 + 2NaOH A(OH)2 + 2NaCl 10 20 0 0 0 0 10 20 – 2 + 2 [OH ] [A ] = Ksp 4s3 = Ksp 1 s  3 1.1 M acetic acid solution is titrated against 0. (B). 71. (C).8  10–4 69. 13 Liquid NH3 ionises to a slight extent. its ionic product K NH3  [ NH 4 ][ NH 2 ]  10 30 The number of NH2– ions present per c.c.4  10–4 m/L (C) 2  10–2 M (D) 4  10–2 M Sol.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. of pure liquid NH3 is (A) 3105 (B) 5102 5 (C) 610 (D) 6103 Sol. AgBr is least soluble. What would be the difference in pH between ¼ and ¾ stages of neutralization of acid? (A) 2 log 3/4 (B) 2 log 1/4 (C) log 1/3 (D) 2 log 3 Sol. 70.4  104 4 [OH–] = 2.CO.CO.IN 67. [Ksp of A[OH]2 = 1. 0. (A).2 M ACl2 with 50 ml 0. (D). Initially After reaction A student wants to prepare a saturated solution of Ag+ ion.2  1011  1.

Buffer capacity = 73.0 mg/litre or. 7. (D). If CO2 escapes the reaction shifts to backward direction. will remain unchanged (D) The forward reaction will be favoured Sol.0 M ammonium formate assuming complete dissociation.0  10–5 moles/litre Ksp = s2= 49  10–10 = 4.1 M HCl are mixed with 50 litres of 0. (A). 50 litres of 0.3 (D) 0.8 and pK b of ammonia = 4.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.0  10–3 g/litre 7.1 (B) 0. The range of change of colour for the indicator is (A) 3–5 (B) 4–6 (C) 5–7 (D) 6–8 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB. 74.( pK a of formic acid = 3.4 Sol.0  103 moles/litre or.8). 77. 10 ml of 0. The pOH of the resulting solution is (A) 12.IN .2 M acid is added to 250 ml of a buffer solution with pH = 6. (B). moles of acid or base added per litre change in pH 0.8 (B) 6. (B).9  10 (D) 4. (C).2 M NaOH.2 (C) 0. One litre of saturated solution of CaCO3 is evaporated to dryness when 7.2 Sol. Calculate the pH of an aqueous solution of 1.70 (B) 12.32 (A) 3.8 (C) 4. 100 = 7. Solubility is 7. The buffer capacity of the solution is (A) 0. The solubility product for CaCO3 is (A) 4.9  10–8 (B) 4.9  10–5 –9 (C) 4.4 Buffer capacity = 1000 6.32.2  10 1000  250  0.34  6.6 Sol.34 (C) 8.IN 14 72.34 and the pH of the solution becomes 6.9  10–7 Sol.CO.5 (D) 8. An acid indicator by HIn (Ka =10–5). will diminish (C) H2CO3 conc.0 mg of residue is left. 76.7 (D) 4. The following reactions are known to occur in the body CO2 + H2O H2CO3 H+ + HCO3– If CO2 escapes from the system (A) pH will decrease (B) Hydrogen ion conc.9  10–9 75.CO.

(B). At Isoelectric point.7 (C) 2.7 (D) 1.CO. 79.CO. 80. Range of an indicator  pKa  1 78.IN . Ksp  s  (4s)4  256s5 Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.Solved Ionic Equilibrium By NKB.IN Sol.85 Sol. (A). At isoelectric point positive and negative charge is equal. (B). 50% neutralisation of a solution of formic acid (Ka = 2  10–4) with NaOH would result in a solution having a hydrogen ion concentration of (A) 2  10–4 (B) 3. zwitter ion has 15 ( ) (A) pH = 7 (B) [ R  COO  ]  [ R  NH 3 ] (C) zwitter ion has +ve change (D) zwitter ion has –ve change Sol. The M(OH)4 has Ksp 4  10–42 and x then solubility is (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) None of these Sol. (D).