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microstrips

**Dual antenna for WLAN based on an array
**

coupled by microstrips

López Fredy, Hipatia Ilbay Tene Cristina, Tixi Deysi, Valeria Bone

Code: 246212, 144, 251,244, 245551

Abstract — This paper describes the design of an

antenna array with microstrip coupling, based on two

rectangular antenna with cuts in the corners,

designed to operate at 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz two

frequency ranges considered among the major

network applications local area network (LAN).

This design has two vertically antenna polarizations

and horizontal

**chosen so that the "patch" power dissipated in form
**

of radiation.

Structure: Can see in Figure 1.

Metallic patch (dimensions comparable to λ)

Lossless dielectric Substrate

Thickness: 0.003λ ≤ h ≤ 0.05λ

Dielectric constant: Dielectric 2.2 ≤ ≤ 12

**Index Terms— Antenna arrays, linear polarization,
**

coaxial cable feeding, wireless phone, microstrip.

A

I. INTRODUCTION

**t present, the development of wireless
**

networks has grown significantly, mainly due

to declining prices of networking equipment

based on the IEEE 802.11 family of

standards, the easy integration of these with existing

wired networks. And why is due to the emerging need of

the current mobile communication systems support

multiple wireless services has increased antenna

development work with greater bandwidth and resonate

at various frequencies. Moreover, since the invention of

the microstrip antenna and due to its characteristics of

flat profile, easy fabrication and integration in

microwave devices, low cost, this technology has gained

great popularity in the field of wireless communications.

Especially, there is considerable interest in the

development of dual microstrip antennas, which are

useful for operating on two different frequencies, which

are too far apart for a single antenna. The antenna design

has been made in consideration of different techniques

such as: the simple stacking of two circular patches and a

stack of two annular rings. In most applications it is

required that the radiation pattern, polarization and

impedance are similar but not identical in frequency

bands of operation.

In this paper, the design of the dual antenna based on an

array of rectangular patches (RMSAs, for its acronym in

English) with direct coupling is developed.

Figure 1. Structure microstrip antenna

Disadvantages:

Low efficiency and low Power

High Q

Polarization purity Poor

Narrowband

Spurious Radiation Lines

Advantages:

Low profile

Structures Conformable and robust

Simple and inexpensive Manufacturing

Combinable with circuits

Microwave integrated

Versatile in the choice of resonance

frequency or polarization.

II. THEORY

MICROSTRIP ANTENNA

The microstrip antenna is an extension of

microstrip transmission line. The dimensions are

Figure 2. Power modes

ANTENNA DESIGN INDIVIDUAL

With these parameters. [2] The effective length is calculated by the equation [3]: Lreff = c 2 f 0 √ ε reff [3 ] Figure 2. Coaxial and linear polarization power is used.258 ) ( +0. you will make some changes in the geometry to improve performance. in particular the value of the gain by implementing small cuts in its 4 corners. and height. The depth of the cuts at the corners is 1/8 of the wavelength of the group.015.6 mm. h (or thickness. . The design of this modification is shown in Figure 3.Documentation: Dual antenna for WLAN based on an array coupled by microstrips The parameters to consider in the design of a rectangular patch antenna are operating frequency (fo). 7]: c W= 2f 0 √ ε r +1 2 vacuum. Loss tangent of 0. with a thickness of 1.264 ) [ 4] W −0.8 ) h ( ε reff + 0. generating Electrical length longer than the physical length of the patch by the equation [4]: ∆ L=0. Lg =6 h+ L [6] W g=6 h+W [7] [1] where: c is the constant speed of light in of the patch. substrate dielectric constant εr .3 ) Patch length is provided by: The design of the rectangular patch. the patch size can be calculated using equation [1]. f 0 and the width W operating frequency . t) of the substrate. rectangular patch antenna Along the two increments. to calculate the width of the antenna (W): The length and width of the ground plane (and substrate). dielectric constant of the substrate ( ε r ). which are generated by the lateral fields. The basic design features are: Operating frequency Material: FR-4. Dielectric permittivity equal to 4. Lg and Wg is given by the equations [6. The effective dielectric constant is calculated from the equation [2]: ε reff = L=Lreff −2 ∆ L[5] ε r +1 ε r −1 h + 1+2 2 2 W ( W >1 h −1 2 ) . In figure 2 the design of rectangular patch antenna is shown.421h ( ( ε reff ) ( Wh +0.

The antenna design presented consists of four microstrip patch.96 x 8. José Gerardo Vera-Dimas. Abdul Aziz. 0. closest to the operating frequencies established. Damián-Morales. Mohamed and Mohab A. [5] Ahmed M. Johor . Rectangular patch antenna with cuts in corners Each antenna designs.0303. Ordoñez-Romer. Faculty of Electrical Engineering. César L. 1. [3] Moreno Carlos. [4] Shahrul Eazril Bin Bakri. 44. Figure 4.004my. Rubio Amelia. 4. M. NO.004my points short circuit antennas at 5.8 GHz 0.4 GHz antenna was located at 0.” Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering. -0. Arab Academy for Science & Technology and Maritime Transport. VOL.004m. “GA Design of a Antenna for GPR Applications”.8 GHz and 2.003 m is used. “Antenna for UWB Communications.A.K. Figure 3. with and without cuts.Z. Frequency operating frequencies 5.” Electronic Engineering [Telecommunication Electronics]. the antenna has double both V. Microstrip width of 0. The feed point at 2.” Programación Matemática y Software (2013) 5 (2): 20-28.O.Box 1029 [6] M.Goh. REFERENCES [1] Margarita Tecpoyotl Torres. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. “BOW-TIE MICROSTRIP ANTENNA DESIGN. “Bow-tie microstrip antenna design.A.3 cm2. Arrangement of patch antennas ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT With the design of the individual patches with cuts the patch antenna array is intended. -0.4 GHz.Documentation: Dual antenna for WLAN based on an array coupled by microstrips horizontally and vertically polarized as shown in Figure 4. “Design Antena dual para aplicaciones en WLAN. Rahim. C. Mayo 2007. APRIL 2006. Darwish A. which have cuts at its corners. The total area of the patch antenna array is: 3. Gomaa. adjusted for frequency of operation. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 813 10 UTM Skudai.S. Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka. ISSN: 2007-3283 [2] User’s guide – High Frequency Structure Simulator.0303 -0.6 mm and width of the plates of FR-4. E.” Wireless communication Centre. the wavelength divided into 16 group was taken as the depth of cut. B. Jorge A. Mangoud.

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