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Vector

Scalar quantities:

Those physical quantities have only magnitude, but no direction, are called Scalar

quantities. For Example: Mass, time, length, work, density, stress, etc. are scalar

quantities.

Vector Quantities:

om

Those physical quantities have both magnitude and directions are called vector

quantities. For examples Velocity, acceleration, displacement, weight etc. are vector

quantities.

4.

24

bd

|e

al

algebraic rule.

The cross product of two vectors is a

vector quantity.

If one or both the vector quantities are

not zero, the product may be zero.

5.

3.

Vector quantity

.The physical quantities have both

magnitude and direction, are called

vector quantities.

Velocity, acceleration, displacement,

weight etc. are the examples of vector

quantities.

Ja

2.

stress, etc. are the examples of

scalar quantities.

It can be added by general

algebraic rule.

The dot product of two vectors is a

scalar quantity.

If one or both the scalar quantities

are not zero, the product can never

be zero.

ah

1.

Scalar quantity

Those physical quantities have only

magnitude, but no direction, are

called scalar quantities

Sh

Sl. No

.c

es

so

r

acting at a point making an angle

can be determined by Parallelogram Law.

of

6.

quantities acting at a point

making an angle cannot be

determined by Parallelogram Law.

Unit Vector:

Pr

If the module of a vector is one (unit), the vector is called unit vector Or, A vector having

unit magnitude is called a unit vector. Any non-zero vector having its module other than

zero gives rise to a unit vector directed along the same direction as the vector. When a nonzero vector quantity is divided by its magnitude, the unit vector is obtained.

A

Let, A is a vector ; A 0 unit vector towards A; a

A

If the magnitude of a vector is zero, it is called Zero or null vector. In other words, a vector

whose two end points of a directed line segments coincide, is known as null or zero vector. If

A = B, then A - B = 0, is a null or zero vector.

http://ebd24.com

Two or more vectors of same nature parallel to one another and

directed. along the same direction, are known as like vectors.

In fig. A, B are like vectors acting along the same direction and

parallel to each other.

Unlike Vector:

om

the directions are in opposite, are known as unlike vectors.

In fig. A, B are unlike vectors acting along the opposite direction

and parallel to each other.

bd

24

If two or more vectors are directed along the same line or parallel

to one another, then the vectors are called Co-linear Vectors.

In fig. A, B and C are Co-linear Vectors.

.c

Co-linear Vector:

|e

al

reference point of a reference frame is known as position vector or,

Ja

Radius vector.

ah

Sh

OP r i.e. r OP x i y j zk and r x 2 y 2 z 2

es

so

r

A set of unit vectors in three-dimensional rectangular co-ordinate

systems directed Along the positive X, Y and Z axes denoted by i, j

of

Pr

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