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- Heat Transfer in Laminar Flow
- Design and Optimization of Coil Finned Tube Heat Exchangers for Cryogenic Applications
- Correlation for Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Mini-channels
- Chemical Engineering of IIT Roorkee
- sm1_46
- Copy of Heat Loss From Pipe
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- Heat & Mass Transfer Manual
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- Cycle Test 1 Set1

You are on page 1of 15

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE

TITLE

PAGE

1.1

1.2

1.3

19

1.4

22

1.5

25

1.6

26

1.7

34

1.8

35

1.9

37

1.10

37

1.11

38

1.12

38

1.13

40

1.14

41

1.15

43

1.16

44

1.17

61

1.18

64

2.1

Stream Table

80

2.2

83

2.3

83

2.4

86

2.5

86

2.6

86

2.7

94

2.8

103

2.9

112

ii

2.10

112

HYSYS

3.0

116

3.1

CP for streams

117

3.2

119

3.3

120

3.4

121

3.5

122

3.6

123

3.7

129

integration

4.1

139

4.2

141

4.3

143

4.4

145

4.5

147

4.6

148

4.7

149

4.8

150

4.9

151

4.10

152

4.11

153

4.12

154

4.13

155

4.14

155

4.15

156

5.1.1

161

5.1.2

161

5.1.3

163

reaction

5.1.4

181

5.2.1

182

5.2.2

183

5.2.3

183

5.2.4

184

iii

5.2.5

185

5.2.6

185

5.2.7

186

5.2.8

193

5.3.1

194

5.3.2

Antoine's coefficient

198

5.3.3

198

5.3.4

199

5.3.5

199

5.3.6

200

5.3.7

200

5.3.8

200

5.3.9

201

5.3.10

201

5.3.11

202

5.3.12

202

5.3.13

Feed specifications

204

5.3.14

Calculation of value

205

5.3.15

Calculation of

5.3.16

206

5.3.17

208

5.3.18

209

5.3.19

225

5.4.1

227

5.4.2

231

5.4.3

238

5.5.1

241

value

205

exchanger

5.5.2

242

5.5.3

246

5.5.4

248

5.5.5

261

6.1.1

297

6.2.1

299

iv

6.2.2

299

tube.

6.2.3

Design stress for shell and tube, taking safety factor as 10%

300

6.2.4

303

6.2.5

304

6.2.6

310

6.2.7

312

6.3.1

313

6.3.2

314

6.3.3

319

6.3.4

328

6.3.5

334

6.3.6

Flanges Dimensions

335

6.3.7

336

6.4.1

338

6.4.2

359

6.5.1

361

6.5.2

362

6.5.3

364

6.5.4

366

6.5.5

373

6.5.6

373

6.5.7

374

6.5.8

374

6.5.9

375

6.5.10

377

6.5.11

378

10.1

396

10.2

414

8.1

419

8.2

421

8.3

Labor Cost

432

8.4

437

8.5

441

8.6

442

v

8.7

443

8.8

445

8.9

446

8.10

448

8.11

449

8.12

451

8.13

452

9.1

461

9.2

476

9.3

482

9.4

493

9.5

494

9.6

495

9.7

497

9.8

499

9.9

501

9.10

503

vi

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE

1.1

TITLE

PAGE

10

Process

1.2

12

Distillation Process

1.3

14

Process

1.4

16

Distillation Process

1.5

21

1.6

23

1.7

27

1.8

27

1.9

28

2009

1.10

29

Year 2008-2010

1.11

30

2009

1.12

30

Year 2008-2010

1.13

42

1.14

45

1.15

68

1.16

69

3.0

Composite curve

118

3.1

123

3.2

Grid diagram

125

3.3

126

vii

3.4

128

3.5

130

3.6

131

4.1

137

4.2

141

4.3

144

4.4

146

4.5

147

4.6

148

4.7

149

4.8

150

4.9

151

4.10

152

4.11

153

4.12

154

4.13

155

4.14

155

4.15

156

5.1.1

161

5.1.2

163

5.1.3

169

5.2.1

182

5.2.2

184

5.3.1

194

5.4.1

231

5.5.1

243

5.5.2

245

101

5.5.3

E-101 Configuration

245

5.5.4

246

5.5.5

247

6.1.1

Analysis of stresses

285

6.1.2

288

6.2.1

Welding-neck flanges

305

viii

6.2.2

306

6.2.3

311

6.3.1

335

6.5.1

376

6.5.2

377

10.1

384

10.2

387

10.3

387

10.4

390

10.5

Conventional

wastewater

treatment

system

using

392

10.6

397

10.7

399

10.8

400

10.9

Mixer configuration

403

10.10

412

system

8.1

447

9.1

HAZOP Techniques

491

9.2

Plant Layout

511

ix

LIST OF NOMENCLATURES

Fi

[kmol/min]

Conversion

Molar ratio

Temperature

[oC]

CI

[kmol/m3]

DT

Tank diameter

[m]

HT/j

[m]

Rotational speed

[rps]

NP

Power number

[m]

[m]

Po

Operating power

[W]

[W]

U0

[W/m2.K]

Dji

[m]

Djo

[m]

Mass flux

[kg/m2.s]

Re

Reynolds number

Vtank

Volume of tank

[m3]

Vliq

[m3]

dag

Agitator diameter

[m]

-rA

[kmol/m3min]

mi

[kg/h]

do

[m]

di

[m]

hi

[W/m2 .K]

ho

[W/m2 .K]

Dv

Diameter vessel

Di

Diameter inlet

Do

Diameter outlet

x

Do

Diameter outlet

Design stress

N/mm2

Gravitational acceleration

m/s2

Joint factor

Lv / Hv

ti`/ e

Thickness

mm

dnominal

Nominal diameter

mm

Pi

Pressure

bar /N/mm2

Heat transfer

kJ/s

Subscript i

Internal

Temperature

K / C

Volume

m3

Wi

Weight

kN

Flow rate

kg/s

Density

kg/m3

Eb

db

Diameter blade

Power motor

kW

Torque

N/mm2

Bending Moment

N/mm2

Stress

N/mm2

Fw

Wind loading

N/mm2

Dm

Mean Diameter

Hs

Height skirt

Young Modulus

N/mm2

Ao

Acs

At

Cp

Cv

Db

Bundle diameter

de

Equivalent diameter

xi

Ds

Shell diameter

Dh

Dms

Dmt

do

di

es

eH

head thickness

design stress

Ft

Gravitational acceleration

Gt

Gs

hv

hi

ho

hod

hid

hs

IB

Iw

Jh

k1

Thermal conductivity

kf

kw

LMTD

Nb

Np

Nt

Number of tubes

n1

Total pressure

pt

Tube pitch

xii

Pt

Ps

Temperature of surface

T1

T2

Tlm

Tm

t1

t2

Uo

fluid velocity

us

ut

Latent heat

Viscosity

Density

Surface Tension

Pr

Prandtl number

Re

Reynold number

HK

LK

xi

Ki

Equilibrium constant

Psat

Saturated pressure

kPa

Pt

Total pressure

kPa

Relative volatility

Rm

Tb

Bubble-point temperature

Reflux ratio

xiii

Column efficiency

Average relative volatility for light key

VISA

VISB

Liquid density

kg/m3

Vapor density

kg/m3

RMM

MW

Molecular Weight

Vapor velocity

m/s

Plate Spacing

Di

Internal diameter

Dm

Mean diameter

Ds

Skirt diameter

dh

Hole diameter

mm

Minimum thickness

mm

Design stress

N/mm2

lW

Weir length

Joint factor

Mx

Bending moment

kNm

Ms

kNm

Rc

Crown radius

Rk

Knuckle radius

Superficial velocity

m/s

Uf

m/s

Longitudinal stress

N/mm2

Hoop stress

N/mm2

Thickness

mm

N/mm2

Weight of vessel

Wind loading

N/m

Bending stress

N/mm2

Bolt area

mm2

Number of bolt

CTC

xiv

CFC

CWC

CL

Cost of Land

FP

Pressure Factor

FM

Material Factor

CoP

Purchased Cost

FBM

CBM

CoBM

Capacity Size

Operating Pressure

Column Diameter

B1, B2

Constant

Fq

tvessel

Vessel thickness

dr

Efficiency of drives

CFBT

GI

Gross Income

Expenses

Initial Investment

Salvage value

MACRS

MARR

ROR

Rate of Return

AW

Annual Worth

FW

Future Worth

kg/s

Cp

kJ/kgC

Ts

Source temperature

Tt

Target temparature

CP

Heat capacity

kW/C

Tmin

Tint

Temparature interval

Tact

Actual temperature

Tn

xv

Hn

CPc

kW

interval

CPh

kW

interval

QHmin

kW

QCmin

kW

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