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Termeni economici in romana/engleza

--------------------- A ---------------------

Accize - Excises
Acreditive - Letters of credit
Activ(e) - Assets
Active circulante - Current assets
Active imobilizate - Fixed assets
Alocarea resurselor - Resource allocation
Amortizare - Repayment
Avansuri de trezorerie - Treasury advances
--------------------- B --------------------Balanta de plati externe - Foreign payments balance
Balanta de verificare - Trial balance sheet
Banca Europeana pentru Reconstructie si Dezvoltare - European Bank for
Reconstruction and Development
Banca Mondiala - World Bank
Bilant contabil - Accounting balance sheet
Bilet la ordin - Order bill
Buget de venituri si cheltuieli - Income and expense budget
Bursa de marfuri - Commodity exchange
--------------------- C --------------------Cambie - Bill of exchange
Calculatia costurilor - Cost calculation
Capital social - Share capital
Capitaluri proprii - Owners' equity
Casierie - Cash desk
Cec - Cheque
Cerere - Demand
Cerere globala - Global demand
Cheltuiala - Expense
Cheltuieli fixe - Fixed expenses
Cheltuieli variabile - Variable expenses
Cifra de afaceri - Turnover
Circuit economic - Economic circuits

Comerciant - Merchant
Comert interior - Domestic trade
Comert exterior - Foreign trade
Comision - Commission
Concurenta - Competition
Consignatie - Consignment
Consum - Consumption
Cont - Account
Contabilitate financiara - Financial accounting
Contabilitate si informatica de gestiune - Accounting and business data
processing
Contract de vanzare cumparare - Buy / sell contract
Contul de rezultate (de profit si pierdere) - Profit and loss account
Conturi bancare - Bank accounts
Cost de productie - Production cost
Costul pe unitatea de produs - Costs per product unit
Costuri de comanda - Order costs
Cotatii - Stock quotation
Creanta - Receivable
Crestere economica - Economic growth
Cuantile - Quantiles
--------------------- D --------------------Date statistice - Statistical data
Datorie - Debt
Datorie externa - Foreign debt
Decile - Deciles
Dezechilibru economic - Economic imbalance
Dividend - Dividend
Dizolvarea companiei - Company dissolution
Dobinda - Interest
Dubla inregistrare - Double recording
--------------------- E --------------------Echilibru economic - Economic balance
Echilibru financiar - Financial balance
Economie de piata - Open market
Economie mondiala - International economy

Elasticitatea cererii si ofertei - Demand and supply elasticity


Exercitiul financiar (sau contabil) - Fiscal (or accounting) year
Esantion - Sample
--------------------- F --------------------Faliment - Bankruptcy
Factori de productie - Production factors
Fapte de comert - Commerce acts
Finante publice - Public finance
Fluxuri economice - Economic fluxes
Fondul Monetar International - International Monetary Fund
Functiunea comerciala - The commercial function
Functiunea de cercetare/dezvoltare - The R&D function
Functiunea de personal - The personnel function
Functiunea de productie - The production function
Functiunea financiar/contabila - The financial/accounting function
--------------------- G --------------------Gaj - Mortgage
Garantii bancare - Loan guarantees
Gestiune contabila - Accounting administration
Grila manageriala - Management chart
--------------------- I --------------------Imobilizari - Fixed assets
Imobilizari financiare - Financial assets
Imobilizari in curs de executie - Current assets
Imobilizari necorporale - Intangible assets
Impozit - Tax
Impozitul pe cladiri - Building tax
Impozitul pe jocurile de noroc - Gambling taxes
Imprumuturi de stat - State loans
Imprumuturi din emisiunea de obligatiuni - Bond issue loan
Inchiderea exercitiului - End-of-fiscal-year
Indici agregati - Aggregate indexes
Indici ai prevederilor - Provision indexes
Indici cu ponderi constante - Constant weight indexes
Indici cu ponderi variabile - Variable weight indexes

Indici dinamici - Dynamic indexes


Indici individuali si de grup - Individual and group indexes
Indici statistici - Statistical indexes
Indici teritoriali - Territorial indexes
Inflatie - Inflation
Intreprindere - Enterprise (or Company)
Investitii - Investments
--------------------- L --------------------Lichidarea companiei - Company liquidation
--------------------- M --------------------Macroeconomie - Macroeconomics
Masa monetara - Monetary mass
Media cronologica ponderata - Weighted chronological average
Media cronologica simpla - Simple chronological average
Mediana - Median
Microeconomie - Microeconomics
Monopol - Monopoly
--------------------- N --------------------Negociere - Negotiating
--------------------- O --------------------Obiectul si metoda (contabilitatii) - Scope and method (of accounting)
Obligatiuni - Bond
Oferta - Supply
Oferta de moneda - Currency supply
Oferta globala - Global supply
Oligopol - Oligopoly
Organizatia Mondiala de Comert - World Commerce Organization
--------------------- P --------------------Pasiv(e) - Liabilities
Patrimoniu - Patrimony
Piata financiara - Financial market
Piata monetara - Money market
Piata muncii - Labor market

Planul de conturi general - Account plan


Plati in numerar - Cash payments
Plati prin virament - Transfer payments
Politica bugetara - Budgetary policies
Politica monetara - Monetary policies
Pragul de rentabilitate - Profitability threshold
Pret - Price
Prime legate de capital - Capital premium
Procedeul cantitativ - The quantitative procedure
Procedeul deducerii valorii - The procedure of deducting the value
Procedeul diviziunii simple - The simple division procedure
Procedeul indicilor de echivalenta - The equivalence index procedure
Procentile - Percentiles
Productie - Production
Productie bruta - Gross production
Productie in curs de executie - Current production
Productivitate - Productivity
Produs national - National product account
Profit - Profit
Provizioane pentru riscuri si cheltuieli - Provisions for risks and expenses
--------------------- R --------------------Rata de rentabilitate - Profitability ratio
Rata marginala - Marginal rate
Renta - Annuity
Rezerve - Reserve
Rezultat reportat - Reported results
--------------------- S --------------------Serii de repartitie - Repartition series
Serii cronologice - Time series
Sistem decizional - Decision making system
Sistemul bugetar - Budgetary system
Societati transnationale - Transnational companies
Somaj - Unemployment
Sondaj de serii - Series survey
Sondaj mecanic - Mechanical survey
Sondaj tipic - Typical survey

Sondaje aleatorii - Random surveys


Sondaje dirijate - Direct surveys
Spor mediu - Mean growth
Stocuri - Stock
Subvebtii - Subsidy
--------------------- T --------------------Tari in curs de dezvoltare - Developing countries
Taxa - Duty (or Tax)
Taxa pe valoarea adaugata (TVA) - Value-added tax (VAT)
Taxa scontului - Discount tax
Taxe de timbru - Stamp taxes
Taxe vamale - Customs
Titluri de valoare - Securities
Trezorerie - Treasury
--------------------- V --------------------Valoare adaugata bruta - Gross added value
Valoare adaugata neta - Net added value
Valori mobiliare - Securities
Venit national - National income account
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