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1.

What do we mean by UMTS?UTRAN?


UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) is the European 3G

Q_Advantages &
disadvantages of OFDMA CDMA.xlsx
Standard based on W-CDMA technology.
Smartphone
attack.pdf

2. What are the advantages of CDMA that is used in 3G?


OFDMA advantages
FDM can combat multipath interference with greater robustness and
less complexity. Equalisation can be undertaken on a carrier by carrier
basis.
OFDMA can achieve higher spectral efficiency with MIMO than CDMA
using a RAKE receiver.
Cell breathing does not occur as additional users connect to the base
station.

CDMA advantages
Not as complicated to implement as OFDM based
systems
As CDMA has a wide bandwidth, it is difficult to
equalise the overall spectrum - significant levels of
processing would be needed for this as it consists
of a continuous signal and not discrete carriers.
Not as easy to aggregate spectrum as for OFDM

Can be used to provide a single frequency network.


It is relatively easy to aggregate spectrum.
It can be scaled according to the requirements relatively easily

3. What is the difference between FDM and OFDMA?

4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of OFDMA that is used in LTE
5. Does Node B in Huawei supports both FDD and TDD?
6. Why do we need Qos?
QoS differentiation becomes useful for the network efciency during high load when there are services with
different delay requirements.
7. Why smart phone is an issue in security?
8.

What is the e to e delay of Audio and video ?400ms

9. What is HSDPA?HSUPA?
Abusaeed

HSDPA and HSUPA together are called high-speed packet access (HSPA)
high-speed data rates on the Downlink, HSDPA.
high-speed data rates on the uplink, HSUPA.

10. When was HSUPA introduced and why?


2006 in Re6 version to speed up the uplink upto 5.7mbps.
11. What is MBMS?
MultiMedia Broadcast Multicast Service
12. What added advantages we get from Re7 & Re8?

13. What are the functions of Node B and RNC?


The functions of Node-B are:

Air interface Transmission / Reception


Modulation / Demodulation
CDMA Physical Channel coding
Micro Diversity
Error Handing
Closed loop power control

The functions of RNC are:


The functions of RNC are:
CN tasks
BM=Bearer
controls
the bandwidth
Radio
Resource
Control of the user
CC=routing ,circuit switched data,circuit switched voice,stablish

Admission
Control
telephone call between subscribers
Channel
Allocation
SS=call
baring ,callwating
call holding,..
SMS=
to Control
the SMSCSettings
,the measage is delivered
phone
Power
SM= Establishing packet switch con between MS and GGSN
Handover Control
MM(mobility management)=location management,security
Macro Diversity
functions

Abusaeed

Ciphering
Segmentation / Reassembly
Broadcast Signaling
Open Loop Power Control

14. What is the difference in throughput in 1,2,3,4,5 Gs?


Generation

Throughput/

(1G,2G,3G,4G,5G)

Definition

Speed

Technology

Time period

Features

1G

Analog

14.4 Kbps (peak)

AMPS,NMT,TACS

1970 1980

During 1G Wireless phones are used forvoice only.

2G capabilities are achieved by allowingmultiple users on a sin


Digital Narrow
2G

band circuit data

channel via multiplexing.During 2G Cellular phones are used


9.6/14.4 Kbps

TDMA,CDMA

1990 to 2000

for data also along with voice.

In 2.5G theinternet becomes popular and data becomes more

relevant.2.5GMultimedia services and streaming starts to show


171.2 Kbps(peak)
2.5G

Packet Data

20-40 Kbps

growth.Phones start supportingweb browsingthough limited


GPRS

2001-2004

CDMA 2000

3G has Multimedia services supportalong with streaming are

Digital Broadband 3.1 Mbps (peak)

(1xRTT, EVDO)

3G

Packet Data

UMTS, EDGE

2004-2005

3.5G

Packet Data

HSPA

2006 2010

500-700 Kbps

popular.In 3G,Universal accessand portabilityacross different

14.4 Mbps (peak)


1-3 Mbps

Digital Broadband

4G

very few phones have that.

device types are made possible. (Telephones, PDAs, etc.)

3.5G supports higher throughput and speeds to support high


data needs of the consumers.

WiMax

Speeds for 4G are further increased to keep up with data access

Packet

100-300 Mbps

LTE

demand used by various services.High definition streaming is

All IP

(peak)

Wi-Fi

Very high

3-5 Mbps

Now (Read more

throughput

100 Mbps (Wi-Fi)

onTransitioning to 4G) roaming is not a distant dream.

supported in 4G. New phones with HD capabilities surface. It get


pretty cool.In 4G,Portability is increased further.World-wide

Soon (probably 2018)


Etisalat has plan

Digital Broadband
Packet

Update:Samsung,Hu In an October demonstration with Etisalat, a network operator in t


awei conducts tests
United Arab Emirates, Huawei showed its 5G technology reaching a sp
on 5G

All IP
Very high
5G

throughput

10Gbps (28Ghz)

LTE advanced

of 115Gbps.

15. What is the difference between Wifi and Wimax?


Feature

WiMax
(802.16a)

Wi-Fi
(802.11b)

Wi-Fi
(802.11a/g)

Primary
Application

Broadband Wireless
Access

Wireless LAN

Wireless LAN

Throughput in 20Mhz

100mbps

1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps

6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbps

Frequency Band

Licensed/Unlicensed
2 G to 11 GHz

2.4 GHz ISM

2.4 GHz ISM (g)


5 GHz U-NII (a)

Channel
Bandwidth

Adjustable
1.25 M to 20 MHz

25 MHz

20 MHz

Half/Full Duplex

Full

Half

Half

Radio Technology

OFDM
(256-channels)

Direct Sequence
Spread Spectrum

OFDM
(64-channels)

Bandwidth
Efficiency

<=5 bps/Hz

<=0.44 bps/Hz

<=2.7 bps/Hz

Modulation

BPSK, QPSK,
16-, 64-, 256-QAM

QPSK

BPSK, QPSK,
16-, 64-QAM

FEC

Convolutional Code
Reed-Solomon

None

Convolutional Code