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Question 1
0 out of 1 points

"When individuals of two species interact, the nature of the
interaction can be classified qualitatively as positive or negative."
Selected Answer:

True

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following terms best describes the inter- relationship
between nitrogen?fixing bacteria and the clover in whose roots they
live?
Selected Answer:

mutualism

Question 3
1 out of 1 points

"To be certain that two species had coevolved, one would ideally
have to establish that: "
Selected
Answer:

Each species has adaptations that specifically followed
evolutionary change in the other.
Question 4
1 out of 1 points

Insect-eating warblers reduce interspecific competition by
buildbuilding their nests in different portions of the same trees.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

Plant community structure along an environmental gradient can
often be explained by
Selected
Answer:

a trade-off among species with respect to competitive
ability and stress tolerance.
Question 6
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following characteristics would be a successful
evolution for both a predator or a prey organism?
Selected Answer:

Question 7

Camouflage

1 out of 1 points

Ecological niche is the portion of a fundamental niche in which
species can exploit as a result of interactions with other species
Selected Answer:

False

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

An animal with bright coloration is likely to be:
Poisonous

Selected Answer:

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

All of the following statements about community interactions are
correct EXCEPT:
Selected Answer:

Some predators use mimicry to attract prey

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following is negatively correlated with territory size?
Selected Answer:

bird density

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

A small population size of flowers can pose problems for the plant
as a result of
Selected Answer:

lack of pollinator visitation.

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

"A species of fish is found to require a certain temperature, a
particular oxygen content of the water, a particular depth, and a
rocky substrate on the bottom. These requirements are part of its"
Selected Answer:

ecological niche.

Question 13
1 out of 1 points

Resource partitioning is best described by which of the following
statements?

Slight variation in niche allow closely related species
to coexist.

Selected
Answer:

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

"Little parental care is required by precocial offspring, which are
able to move about and forage for themselves shortly after bir"
Selected Answer:

True

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

Character displacement has occurred if:
Selected
Answer:

Two species in the same habitat evolve to be more
different than if they are in different habitats.
Question 16
1 out of 1 points

"In the past decade, which of the following has NOT been a major
cause of the increase in the world's population? "
increase in birth rate

Selected Answer:

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

Allocation of energy to reproduction reduces the amount of
resources available for growth.
Selected Answer:

True

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

The number of species within a community is usually greatest when
Selected Answer:

an intermediate frequency of disturbance occurs.

Question 19
1 out of 1 points

The individuals that disperse as a response to high population
density are
Selected Answer:

mostly the younger members of the population.

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

Biological communities change because
each stage modifies the environment and adapts for
a later stage.

Selected
Answer:

Question 21
1 out of 1 points

Morphololgical differences that enhance ecological separation may
arise an evolutionary process known as character displacement.
Selected Answer:

True

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

"In a food web, community complexity may be measured by the
average number of feeding links per species, also referred to as"
linkage density.

Selected Answer:

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

"When two different species overlap in the same biological niche,
they are "
in competition with one another.

Selected Answer:

Question 24
0 out of 1 points

Environmental resistance is created by a growing population itself.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 25
1 out of 1 points

The traditional concept of succession includes the idea of an
equilibrium state called a climax community. Ecologists now think
there may be no such thing as a climax community because:
Selected Answer:

Disturbance is ongoing in ecosystems.

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

Food webs are typically arranged into trophic levels with

Selected
Answer:

"primary producers at the bottom, herbivores in the
middle, and carnivores at the top."
Question 27
1 out of 1 points

Primary succession would occur in an area when:
Volcanic eruptions result in a surface of hardened
lava.

Selected
Answer:

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

Ecologists use a variety of useful sampling and statistical
techniques for delineating and classifying communities.
Selected Answer:

True

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

The progressive series of changes that eventually produce a climax
community on what was once a bare rocky island is an example of
Selected Answer:

primary succession.

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

"In succession, which type of environmental change occurs when
the physical environment changes, such as an increase in
temperature or salinity?"
Selected Answer:

allogenic

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

" According to the competitive exclusion principle, two species
cannot continue to occupy the same: "
Selected Answer:

Niche

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

Environmental conditions often vary spatially but do not tend to
change over time in a given place.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 33
1 out of 1 points

"When the trunk or limb of a tree provides the substrate on which
an epiphytic orchid grows, the arrangement benefits the orchid,
which gets nutrients from the air and moisture from aerial roots,
while the tree is unaffected. The relationship is referred to as"
commensalism

Selected Answer:

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

"When apparent competition occurs, the "
Selected
Answer:

population of the predator species is larger and the
populations of the prey species are smaller.
Question 35
1 out of 1 points

"Although community composition changes during succession,
diversity rarely changes."
Selected Answer:

False

Question 36
1 out of 1 points

Coprophagy is also known as the reingestion of feces.
Selected Answer:

True

Question 37
1 out of 1 points

Self-thinning
Selected Answer:

occurs at high population densities.

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

The boundaries between communities are usually sharply defined
and easily discerned.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 39
1 out of 1 points

characteristics of a community are generally not dependent on the

spatial scale at which the community is examined because
communities are tightly integrated groups of species.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 40
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following types of species interaction is INCORRECTLY
paired to its effects on the density of the two interacting
populations?
Selected Answer:

"Parasitism - one increases, one decreases "

Question 41
0 out of 1 points

"A variation in characters which can be placed along a range of
values such as tail length, rows of kernels on ears exemplifies
genetic drift."
Selected Answer:

True

Question 42
1 out of 1 points

An example of cryptic coloration would be:
Selected Answer:

Mottled coloring of frogs living on granite rocks

Question 43
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following is characteristic of parasitism?
Selected Answer:

One organism lives in or on another and benefits.

Question 44
1 out of 1 points

the most common form of interspecific species interactions is
predation.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 45
1 out of 1 points

What is one mechanism through which increased density may
cause infant mortality in mammals?
Selected Answer:

high stress environments may reduce lactation

Question 46
1 out of 1 points

A successful parasite could possess all of the following except:
Selected Answer:

Large size

Question 47
1 out of 1 points

Species interactions within a community rarely involve only two
species.
Selected Answer:

True

Question 48
1 out of 1 points

Adaptive radiation occurs when two species undergo reciprocal
evolutionary change through natural selection.
Selected Answer:

False

Question 49
1 out of 1 points

The sum total of an organism's interaction with the biotic and
abiotic resources of its environment is called its
Selected Answer:

ecological niche.

Question 50
1 out of 1 points

"In the early stages of plant succession, shade-intolerant species
are often common."
Selected Answer:

True

Question 51
1 out of 1 points

An insect that has evolved to closely resemble a twig will probably
be able to avoid:
Selected Answer:

Predation

Question 52
1 out of 1 points

"The Shannon-Weaver Index is also reasonably independent of
sample size and is normally distributed, provided that all N are

integers."
Selected Answer:

True

Question 53
1 out of 1 points

Species diversity is dependent on:
Selected Answer:

species abundance & species richness

Question 54
1 out of 1 points

Changes in community composition and structure over time are
called
Selected Answer:

succession.

Question 55
1 out of 1 points

Evidence shows that some grasses benefit from being grazed.
Which of the following terms would best describe this plantherbivore interaction?
Selected Answer:

Mutualism