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Chapter 2 Blood Circulation and Transport

1. The human circulatory system consists of:
a. _______________________
 Pumps blood to the whole body.
b. _______________________
 Consists of arteries, veins and capillaries.
c. _______________________
 Transport useful and waste materials to and from cells.
2. Human heart:

a. Made up of cardiac muscles, connective tissues and blood
b. Four chambers.
Left and right atrium.
 Top. Receive blood from the body or lungs.
Left and right ventricles.
 Bottom. Right  Pumps blood to the lungs to pick up
oxygen. Left  Pumps blood to the rest of the body.
Strongest chamber.
c. ___________  Separates the right atrium and right ventricle
from the left atrium and left ventricle  prevent blood from
passing between the left side and right side.
d. Four valves  _________________________________ and
_____________________. Produce sound and can be heard
by ____________________.

Right atrium is connected to _______________________.
Left atrium is connected to________________________.
Right ventricle is connected to _____________________.
Left ventricle is connected to ______________________.


The ______________  Largest blood vessel.
The _______________  Thinner walls.

k. The function of the right side:
Collect ______________________ blood from the ________
and pump it to the ____________.
l. The function of the left side:
Collect ______________________ blood from the _________
and pumps it out to the _____________.

3. The heart acts as a double pump. b. Blood flow Blood pressure Presence of valves 6. Diseases of heart: . 5. The differences between artery. Characteristic Function Artery Vein Capillary Wall Size of lumen Type of blood transport 4. ____________________________________  From heart to all parts of the body except the lungs. ____________________________________  From heart to lungs. The body’s circulation has two parts: a. vein and capillary.

IV. The old red blood cells that have worn out will be destroyed in the ______________ and ______________. V. ________________________________  Protect the body from disease. ________________________________  Take their colour from haemoglobin.  Remove __________________________________. b. VI. For body immune system to defend the body against disease. III. II.a. White blood cells (leucocytes) I. III. IV.  React with proteins in the plasma to produce threads. ________________. I. Three kinds of blood cells: a. __________________ and ________________________. Produced from the ___________________________.  Maintain _______________________________________. b. _______________ watery fluid. _________ all the same size and shape. III. _____________ and __________________ to specific part of body. To ______________________________.  Transport ________________ and ___________________ to the body cells. As a ____________________________________. _________________________________ ____________  More flexible so they can squeeze through very narrow capillaries. ____________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ Human blood  Made up of ___________________ (55%) and ___________________ (45%). 90% ___________ and 10% dissolve substances such as nutrients. II. II. Plasma I. ____________ than red blood cells. c.  _______________________________________________  _______________________________________________  _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ Platelets (thrombocytes) Red blood cells (erythrocytes) I. Carry carbon dioxide from the body cells to the lungs. . inorganic ions. II.  Form a sticky lump to trap red blood cells. d. IV. III. Has a _____________ but does not contain ______________. _____________ cells in the body. 8. Has _____________ but does not have a ________________. ________________________________  Help blood to clot. Life span of about ____________. Contain _____________________  Make blood red colour. Transport oxygen in the form of ________________________ to the body cells. V. 7. respiratory gases and proteins. c.  Distribute ______________.

9. The opening of the stomata: a. Blood groups I. ____________________________________ c. ABO system. Due to a. (______________________) When dries out. 4. c. Group AB  ______________________________________ Group O  _______________________________________ Blood group Can donate to Can receive from A B AB O XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 1. a ___________ is formed and new skin grows. Two types: a. _______________________ b. b. ____________________________________ b. Also cause death to the plant. 2. d. ____________________________________ d. 5. 8. Causes the plant to lose their ability to transpire and grow. Surrounded by ______________________________  control opening and closing of the stomata. ____________ and _________________. _______________________ 3. Phloem = Carry ______________________________________ to all parts of plants. 6. Allow  Cools the plants. Extra water enters by osmosis into guard cells  make them become _____________ and _______________________________. They form ______________________. Stomata open and excess water escape into environment. . Xylem and phloem are found in ______________. Wilting    7. II. During _____________________. _____________________________  Tissues that transport substances in plants. The loss of cell turgidity of non-woody plants as a result of excess water loss in the cells.  Platelets + red blood cells trapped in the net of threads making a sort of plug to stop the bleeding. Stoma   Gases can enter or leave a plant leaf. ____________________________________ Transpiration  Water is loss by evaporation from the leaves of plants. III. Xylem = Carry ____________ containing dissolved mineral salts from the ________ to the leaves through osmosis.

b. __________________________________________________ c. The role of transpiration in transport: a. Transport of water and mineral salts. During ____________________. Keeps the plants cool in hot weather. Helps in the exchange of gases. c. __________________________________________________ 10. The closing of the stomata: a. b. 9. c. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. d. e. Slow down water loss. __________________________________________________ b. Absorption of water. . __________________________________________________ d. Removal of excess water. Factors affecting the rate of transpiration: a. The guard cells become _________________________> Stomata close. d.