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DESIGNER'S REFERENCE HANDBOOK

Automatic Genset Controller, AGC-4




Functional description
Display unit and menu structure
PID-controller
Procedure for parameter setup
Parameter list

DEIF A/S · Frisenborgvej 33 · DK-7800 Skive · Tel.: +45 9614 9614 · Fax: +45 9614 9615 · info@deif.com · www.deif.com

isenborgvej 33 · DK-7800 Skive · Tel.: +45 9614 9614 · Fax: +45 9614 9615 · info@deif.com · www.deif.com
14 9614 · Fax: +45 9614 9615 · info@deif.com · www.deif.com

Document no.: 4189340686I
SW version: 4.55.x or later

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

1. General information
1.1. Warnings, legal information and safety.................................................................................................. 7
1.1.1. Warnings and notes ......................................................................................................................7
1.1.2. Legal information and disclaimer ..................................................................................................7
1.1.3. Safety issues ................................................................................................................................ 7
1.1.4. Electrostatic discharge awareness ............................................................................................... 7
1.1.5. Factory settings ............................................................................................................................ 7
1.2. About the Designer's Reference Handbook........................................................................................... 8
1.2.1. General purpose ...........................................................................................................................8
1.2.2. Intended users ..............................................................................................................................8
1.2.3. Contents and overall structure ......................................................................................................8

2. General product information
2.1. Introduction.............................................................................................................................................9
2.2. Type of product.......................................................................................................................................9
2.3. Options................................................................................................................................................... 9
2.3.1. Options.......................................................................................................................................... 9
2.4. PC utility software warning..................................................................................................................... 9
2.4.1. PC utility software warning............................................................................................................ 9

3. Functional descriptions
3.1. Standard functions............................................................................................................................... 10
3.1.1. Standard functions.......................................................................................................................10
3.1.2. Operation modes......................................................................................................................... 10
3.1.3. Engine control..............................................................................................................................10
3.1.4. Generator protection (ANSI)........................................................................................................10
3.1.5. Busbar protection (ANSI).............................................................................................................10
3.1.6. Display.........................................................................................................................................10
3.1.7. M-Logic........................................................................................................................................ 11
3.2. Standard protections............................................................................................................................ 11
3.2.1. Loss of excitation......................................................................................................................... 11
3.2.2. Voltage-dependent over-current.................................................................................................. 12
3.2.3. Unbalanced current..................................................................................................................... 13
3.2.4. Unbalanced voltage.....................................................................................................................13
3.2.5. Over-excitation.............................................................................................................................14
3.2.6. Decision of measurements.......................................................................................................... 15
3.3. Terminal strip overview.........................................................................................................................15
3.3.1. Slot #1, #2, #5 and #6..................................................................................................................16
3.3.2. Slot #3, #4, #7 and #8..................................................................................................................17
3.4. Measurement systems......................................................................................................................... 18
3.4.1. Three-phase system....................................................................................................................18
3.4.2. Split phase system.......................................................................................................................19
3.4.3. Single phase system....................................................................................................................19
3.5. Nominal settings...................................................................................................................................20
3.5.1. Nominal settings.......................................................................................................................... 20
3.5.2. Switch between the nominal settings...........................................................................................20
3.5.3. Scaling.........................................................................................................................................21
3.6. Applications.......................................................................................................................................... 22
3.6.1. Applications and genset modes...................................................................................................22
3.6.2. AMF (no back synchronisation)................................................................................................... 23
3.6.3. AMF (with back synchronisation).................................................................................................24
3.6.4. Island operation........................................................................................................................... 24
3.6.5. Fixed power/base load.................................................................................................................25
3.6.6. Ramp up with load steps............................................................................................................. 26
3.6.7. Freeze power ramp......................................................................................................................26
3.6.8. Peak shaving............................................................................................................................... 27
3.6.9. Load takeover..............................................................................................................................29
3.6.10. Mains power export (fixed power to mains)............................................................................... 31

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AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

3.6.11. Mains transducer ...................................................................................................................... 32
3.7. Running mode description....................................................................................................................33
3.7.1. Semi-auto mode.......................................................................................................................... 33
3.7.2. Test mode.................................................................................................................................... 34
3.7.3. Simple test...................................................................................................................................35
3.7.4. Load test......................................................................................................................................35
3.7.5. Full test........................................................................................................................................ 35
3.7.6. Manual mode...............................................................................................................................35
3.7.7. Block mode..................................................................................................................................36
3.8. Single-line diagrams.............................................................................................................................37
3.8.1. Application illustration .................................................................................................................37
3.8.2. Automatic Mains Failure.............................................................................................................. 37
3.8.3. Island operation........................................................................................................................... 38
3.8.4. Fixed power/base load.................................................................................................................38
3.8.5. Peak shaving............................................................................................................................... 39
3.8.6. Load takeover..............................................................................................................................39
3.8.7. Mains power export..................................................................................................................... 40
3.8.8. Multiple gensets, load sharing (option G3 required).................................................................... 40
3.8.9. Multiple gensets, power management (option G5 required)........................................................41
3.9. Flowcharts............................................................................................................................................ 45
3.9.1. Mode shift.................................................................................................................................... 46
3.9.2. MB open sequence......................................................................................................................47
3.9.3. GB open sequence......................................................................................................................48
3.9.4. Stop sequence.............................................................................................................................49
3.9.5. Start sequence.............................................................................................................................50
3.9.6. MB close sequence..................................................................................................................... 51
3.9.7. GB close sequence......................................................................................................................52
3.9.8. Fixed power................................................................................................................................. 53
3.9.9. Load takeover..............................................................................................................................54
3.9.10. Island operation......................................................................................................................... 55
3.9.11. Peak shaving............................................................................................................................. 56
3.9.12. Mains power export................................................................................................................... 57
3.9.13. Automatic Mains Failure............................................................................................................ 58
3.9.14. Test sequence............................................................................................................................59
3.10. Sequences......................................................................................................................................... 60
3.10.1. Start sequence...........................................................................................................................61
3.10.2. Start sequence conditions......................................................................................................... 62
3.10.3. Running feedback......................................................................................................................63
3.10.4. Start-up overview.......................................................................................................................65
3.10.5. Start-up overview with idle run...................................................................................................67
3.10.6. Stop sequence...........................................................................................................................68
3.10.7. Breaker sequences....................................................................................................................70
3.10.8. AMF timers................................................................................................................................ 71
3.11. Nominal settings................................................................................................................................. 73
3.11.1. Nominal settings........................................................................................................................ 73
3.11.2. Switch between the nominal settings.........................................................................................73
3.11.3. Scaling....................................................................................................................................... 75

4. Display unit and menu structure
4.1. Presentation......................................................................................................................................... 77
4.2. Display unit (DU-2)............................................................................................................................... 77
4.2.1. Push-button functions..................................................................................................................77
4.2.2. LED functions.............................................................................................................................. 78
4.3. Menu structure..................................................................................................................................... 79
4.3.1. Entry window............................................................................................................................... 79
4.3.2. View menu................................................................................................................................... 80
4.3.3. Setup menu................................................................................................................................. 81
4.4. Mode overview..................................................................................................................................... 85
4.5. Mode selection..................................................................................................................................... 85

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AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

4.6. Password..............................................................................................................................................87
4.6.1. Password.....................................................................................................................................87
4.6.2. Parameter access........................................................................................................................88

5. Additional functions
5.1. Start functions...................................................................................................................................... 89
5.1.1. Digital feedbacks......................................................................................................................... 89
5.1.2. Analogue tacho feedback............................................................................................................ 90
5.1.3. Oil pressure................................................................................................................................. 91
5.2. Breaker types....................................................................................................................................... 92
5.3. Breaker spring load time...................................................................................................................... 93
5.3.1. Principle.......................................................................................................................................94
5.4. Alarm inhibit..........................................................................................................................................95
5.4.1. Run status (6160)........................................................................................................................ 97
5.5. Access lock.......................................................................................................................................... 97
5.6. Overlap.................................................................................................................................................98
5.7. Digital mains breaker control................................................................................................................98
5.8. Command timers.................................................................................................................................. 99
5.9. Running output................................................................................................................................... 100
5.10. Frequency-dependent droop............................................................................................................ 101
5.10.1. Frequency-dependent droop................................................................................................... 101
5.11. Power and cos phi offsets.................................................................................................................103
5.11.1. Power offsets........................................................................................................................... 103
5.11.2. Cos phi offsets......................................................................................................................... 103
5.12. Derate genset...................................................................................................................................104
5.12.1. Input selection..........................................................................................................................104
5.12.2. Derate parameters...................................................................................................................104
5.12.3. Derate characteristic................................................................................................................105
5.13. Idle running.......................................................................................................................................106
5.13.1. Description...............................................................................................................................106
5.13.2. Examples.................................................................................................................................107
5.13.3. Configuration of digital input.................................................................................................... 109
5.13.4. Temperature-dependent idle start-up.......................................................................................109
5.13.5. Inhibit....................................................................................................................................... 110
5.13.6. Running signal......................................................................................................................... 110
5.13.7. Idle speed flowcharts............................................................................................................... 110
5.13.8. Start..........................................................................................................................................111
5.13.9. Stop..........................................................................................................................................112
5.14. Engine heater................................................................................................................................... 112
5.14.1. Engine heater alarm.................................................................................................................113
5.15. Master clock..................................................................................................................................... 113
5.15.1. Compensation time.................................................................................................................. 114
5.16. Battery test....................................................................................................................................... 114
5.16.1. Input configuration................................................................................................................... 116
5.16.2. Auto configuration.................................................................................................................... 116
5.16.3. Battery asymmetry (6430 Batt. asymmetry).............................................................................116
5.17. Ventilation......................................................................................................................................... 119
5.17.1. Max. ventilation alarm.............................................................................................................. 119
5.18. Summer/winter time..........................................................................................................................119
5.19. Switchboard error............................................................................................................................. 119
5.19.1. Block swbd error (menu 6500).................................................................................................120
5.19.2. Stop swbd error (menu 6510)..................................................................................................120
5.20. Not in auto........................................................................................................................................ 120
5.21. Fuel pump logic................................................................................................................................ 120
5.21.1. Fuel fill check...........................................................................................................................121
5.22. Fail class.......................................................................................................................................... 122
5.22.1. Fail class..................................................................................................................................122
5.22.2. Engine running.........................................................................................................................122
5.22.3. Engine stopped........................................................................................................................123

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...................................... Digital...........128 5................................................. Trip of non-essential load (NEL)........................................................ Demand of peak currents.........................................................................................................1.....................................................................................................158 5.........................42......46.........44.................................127 5.......28........153 5..................................155 5...............................10............................ Counters...........................................................................172 5............................................................143 5...................... Outputs................ Scaling of 4-20 mA inputs.............................................. 166 5................... Texts in status line........ Step-up and step-down transformer....................9........................1.............. VDO fuel.................124 5....................................................................................................2.................................133 5................................................................ 149 5............................ kWh/kVArh counters..............33.................1.........................................................................................................................1.....169 5........................32........................................26.................... VDO oil.........................171 5............26.......................................................... Functional description.....2..24.................................. 144 5.......28......................................... 169 5........1...............................152 5..............1............................ 135 5.......................................................................... Trip of NEL.....................29..........................................................................................................................40........................................ Fan logic..........................................................................................................................................................5....... Setup of step-down transformer and measurement transformer ....................................................................................................35.....................45.....4................. I thermal demand...................145 5.....46.............................................. 151 5................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................28...................37.................171 5............. Manual mode........ 138 5....................................................35.28..................................23...........43....... Quick setup........46......... Event log.................................................................142 5........................4.........................................................................................8................................... Input for fan control...............28........................................................... I max.......... Display............................... Semi-auto mode.................7............................................................................... Fan parameters................................................ 134 5.............................................................................................................................. 134 5........... Illustration of configurable inputs............................................... GSM communication..................................................1.............................27......................................... Wire fail detection........................1.......................................................................................................................... Vector group for step-up transformer ...............27............................................... 136 5..............................................28.....................................................................36...................................... Pt100/1000............................... 143 5............................................39... 133 5...................................................2............. Functional description........................153 5......................165 5...........34......2.......................................................................... Logs.....157 5........................................170 5........................................................................................................................3.......................................................................5....................22...3........44.................................AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 5..46.............156 5......................................45............................. 142 5........ Configuration............................................................................... Memory backup................................................................................. Manual governor and AVR control....151 5...........................................38...................... demand......... 149 5................................................. 0-40V DC.....31......................133 5....... Pulse input counters..........125 5.................................................................28.................................... 134 5......................................29........................1...............................................32..2.......... Multi-inputs............. 155 5...................................................... 141 5........125 5.................. 148 5...................................................124 5........................................... 153 5.......................................................... 155 5......................................44...........................................................................46... Standard texts.... Language selection...........................28...........................................169 5..5................................. Texts only related to power management (option G5)................................................................. 170 5.................. Parameter ID.......................44...................................... Step-up transformer............... VDO inputs......41................................ Digital inputs...45..............................29................................................................. Fan output....................................................................... Auto and test mode............... Vector group for step-down transformer ..............32.................................1.........................1.........................6..... Input function selection............................... M-Logic................................................. 137 5........................... Internal battery............172 DEIF A/S Page 5 of 208 ....................... 124 5.........................44....................................... Fan start delay..................2. Service timers......28..................29... Fan start/stop............................................25..................2...3............33.....................................................3...............134 5................44........4....... VDO water.. 142 5.......35.............. 150 5................................................................................ Fail class configuration................................................................28.............. 168 5....................................23........................................................................ Setup of step-up transformer and measurement transformer .................................157 5.28....................................................................11.....4.. 135 5.............................142 5...............................46...........151 5............... USW communication...................... 4-20 mA.....................30....................................... Service menu..................................................................138 5....................28...........................................................

48............................ Flowchart 2.......................................185 7.............48............5......3.............................179 6...... Principle and setup ..................................................... "Close before excitation" failure.............................................................................................................. Compensation for isochronous governors.............................................1..........................1......................191 7... Controllers...............................................1................................. Synchronising controller..46.......................................4................................ Related parameters.......................... General........................................................... Signal length..........183 7.................................... Fan failure...1..........................7...................................................................................................................................................................................... Differential measurement..............175 5.......... 197 8...................................................... Static synchronisation.....................................................46..... 198 8..................198 8............................ Low droop setting.....................47.............................2.........................1........................................................ Droop mode....................................................... Synchronisation 8............................................................... Genset start actions........................3........................................................ 173 5.................... Separate synchronising relay.........46..... 176 5...............................................................................................................8..................8...............203 8. Description of PID controller......................................................................................................181 7.................................................... 189 7.........................................................................................1..............................2.............................................................182 7.............8... Oil renewal function................1...................................1......................4...................4..........4......................................... Load share controller... High droop setting................................1........................................................................ PID controller 7.................................3............................. Breaker sequence.......................206 9.... Load picture after synchronisation.......................3.................................................................................. 182 7.... Inhibit conditions before synchronising mains breaker.............4...................... 194 8................. Speed range...........................................................................................173 5.....................................192 7......5..............9......................2.....................3.................................................................................................179 6........................3.....................................................................................................................................6......................................4....195 8...............2........... Protections 6................................................................. Dynamic regulation area............. Relay adjustments..................2. Synchronisation principles.....................3......................... 184 7........6...... Proportional regulator...............7.4..........................................................208 DEIF A/S Page 6 of 208 ........................................................................... Adjustments........... 188 7....................... 186 7...... TB handling (option G5)..........2.............................................. 183 7.........2............................. Voltage-dependent (restraint) overcurrent.............................................................................. 201 8...............................3.................. Voltage droop example ...................................................199 8.....3....8........................................................ 195 8......4........................................... 202 8................................................................184 7................................................... Fan priority update.. Fan running feedback ...............................6............199 8..................................2......................2...........3....................5.......................................................................................5.....3.......173 5.....198 8.............................1..................... GB closing before excitation............................ 192 7... Differential regulator.. Close signal....................7............................. Integral regulator. Parameter list 9.196 8............................................. Fan priority (running hours).........................175 5....................... Relay control........................... GB handling.....2.............203 8.....................................................................................................................4........... Phase controller..................................................................... 205 8.......2................................................................................4......AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 5....................................... General................ Close signal........................... Dynamic synchronisation.........................................................................................................................1..................................1.187 7...........8.............................4.......................................................................................4............. 187 7................190 7.....................176 6...........8.................................................................................194 8................................. Differential measurement.......4...... 191 7........................ Flowchart 1........................ Adjustments.........4.................................................. Principle drawing............4...........................192 7...................................................46....................................7....................................................193 8...................................................................8.................................................1.......................................2................................. Load picture after synchronising.............................204 8.................

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK General information 1. which could result in death. the warranty will be lost. Disclaimer DEIF A/S reserves the right to change any of the contents of this document without prior notice. which will be helpful for the reader to bear in mind. 1.1 Warnings and notes Throughout this document.1. these precautions are no longer necessary.1. legal information and safety 1.4 Electrostatic discharge awareness Sufficient care must be taken to protect the terminal against static discharges during the installation. 1. These are based on average values and are not necessarily the correct settings for matching the engine/generator set in question. If there is any doubt about how to install or operate the engine/generator controlled by the Multi-line 2 unit. they will be highlighted as follows in order to separate them from the general text.3 Safety issues Installing and operating the Multi-line 2 unit may imply work with dangerous currents and voltages. personal injury or damaged equipment.1. 1. To ensure that these are noticed. a number of warnings and notes with helpful user information will be presented. Notes Notes provide general information. Do not touch any AC measurement inputs as this could lead to injury or death. 1. Therefore.2 Legal information and disclaimer DEIF takes no responsibility for installation or operation of the generator set.1. if certain guidelines are not followed. the installation should only be carried out by authorised personnel who understand the risks involved in working with live electrical equipment. Once the unit is installed and connected. The Multi-line 2 unit is not to be opened by unauthorised personnel. Be aware of the hazardous live currents and voltages. the company responsible for the installation or the operation of the set must be contacted. DEIF A/S Page 7 of 208 .1 Warnings. Warnings Warnings indicate a potentially dangerous situation. General information 1. If opened anyway.5 Factory settings The Multi-line 2 unit is delivered from factory with certain factory settings.1. Precautions must be taken to check the settings before running the engine/generator set.

2 Intended users This Designer's Reference Handbook is mainly intended for the panel builder designer in charge. On the basis of this document.2. Failure to do this could result in human injury or damage to the equipment.g.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK General information 1.1 General purpose This Designer's Reference Handbook mainly includes functional descriptions. e.2 About the Designer's Reference Handbook 1.3 Contents and overall structure This document is divided into chapters. information about the PID controller. and in order to make the structure simple and easy to use.2.2. The general purpose of this document is to provide useful overall information about the functionality of the unit and its applications. the procedure for parameter setup and reference to parameter lists. each chapter will begin from the top of a new page. 1. the electrician may use these installation instructions himself. detailed electrical drawings. the panel builder designer will give the electrician the information he needs in order to install the Multi-line 2 unit. This document also offers the user the information he needs in order to successfully set up the parameters needed in his specific application. 1. Please make sure to read this document before starting to work with the Multi-line 2 unit and the genset to be controlled. DEIF A/S Page 8 of 208 . In some cases. presentation of display unit and menu structure.

1 PC utility software warning It is possible to remote-control the genset from the PC utility software or M-Vision by use of a modem. and all values and alarms are presented on the LCD display. DEIF A/S Page 9 of 208 .1 Introduction This chapter will deal with the unit in general and its place in the DEIF product range.1 Options The Multi-line 2 product range consists of different basic versions which can be supplemented with the flexible options needed to provide the optimum solution. additional operator display. Multi-line 2 is a complete range of multi-function generator protection and control products integrating all the functions you need into one compact and attractive solution.com 2.4 PC utility software warning 2. busbar and mains.4. who need a flexible generator protection and control unit for medium to large genset applications. various protections for generator. The concept of the AGC is to offer a cost-effective solution to genset builders. A complete list of available options is included in the data sheet. To avoid personal injury. It contains all necessary 3-phase measuring circuits.2 Type of product The Automatic Genset Controller is a micro-processor based control unit containing all necessary functions for protection and control of a genset. Please see www. The options cover e. make sure that it is safe to remote-control the genset.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK General product information 2. The AGC is part of the DEIF Multi-line 2 product family. etc. Being part of the Multi-line product family. 2. 2. various outputs. serial communication.g.3 Options 2. the standard functions can be supplemented with a variety of optional functions. voltage/VAr/PF control. power management.3.deif. General product information 2.

1.2 Operation modes ● ● ● ● ● ● Automatic Mains Failure Island operation Fixed power/base load Peak shaving Load takeover Mains power export 3. P>>) Multi-inputs (digital. Pt100.1 Standard functions 3. Functional descriptions 3.1. 3.1.4 Generator protection (ANSI) ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 2 x reverse power (32) 5 x overload (32) 6 x overcurrent (50/51) 2 x overvoltage (59) 3 x undervoltage (27) 3 x over-/underfrequency (81) Voltage-dependent overcurrent (51V) Current/voltage unbalance (60) Loss of excitation/overexcitation (40/32RV) Non-essential load/load shedding.3 Engine control ● ● ● Start/stop sequences Run and stop coil Relay outputs for governor control 3. 3 levels (I. 0-40V DC. 4-20 mA. The standard functions are listed in the following paragraphs. Hz.1. P>.1 Standard functions This chapter includes functional descriptions of standard functions as well as illustrations of the relevant application types.1.5 Busbar protection (ANSI) ● ● ● ● ● 3 x overvoltage (59) 4 x undervoltage (27) 3 x overfrequency (81) 4 x underfrequency (81) Voltage unbalance (60) 3.1. Flowcharts and single-line diagrams will be used in order to simplify the information. Pt1000 or VDO) Digital inputs 3.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.6 Display ● ● ● ● Prepared for remote mounting Push-buttons for start and stop Push-buttons for breaker operations Status texts DEIF A/S Page 10 of 208 .

The alternator has a nominal power of 2500 kVA. To set the percentage correctly. and the engine has a nominal power of 2000 kW. the timer set in parameter 1522 will start. This means that if the genset is 150 kvar capacitive or more.5 % DEIF A/S Page 11 of 208 . and by this.7 M-Logic ● ● ● Simple logic configuration tool Selectable input events Selectable output commands 3. In this operating chart each vertical line represents 10 %.2. For this purpose. the dot closets to 1. With the nominal alternator values and the nominal engine values. The percentage in parameter 1521 is set to 15 %.1. The percentage set in parameter 1521 is the maximum percentage of imported kvar compared to the nominal kW of the genset. When the timer has expired.0 PF line.0 PF has been read to 18 %. a calculation must be made. Example: The genset has a nominal of 1000 kW. This is marked with a red arrow. and the engine 100 % load is the blue dotted line. The distance between the dot and the 1. The alternator 100 % load is the outer circle. and this is calculated to: 2500 kVA*18 % = 450 kvar The setting of parameter 1521 can now be calculated: 450 kvar/2000 kW = 22.1 Loss of excitation To prevent damage to the generator because of a pole slip.2 Standard protections 3. This action/fail class is decided in parameter 1526.0 PF line represents a power. the AGC has a protection that can trip a breaker for example if loss of excitation occurs. the operating chart for the generator is needed. An operating chart for a generator is shown below. an action will occur. The protection is located in parameters 1521 to 1526. the calculations can be made. With the operating chart it is possible to see where the alternator-safe line is closest to the 1. Example: The reading of 18 % is used.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

The parameters for this are 1101 to 1115. before an action will take place. DEIF A/S Page 12 of 208 . but can be disabled in parameter 1114. enable and fail class are set in parameters 1111 to 1115. so only the current levels must be set. When the short circuit is present. The outputs can be used to activate a relay. which is more readable: When the actual values represent a point above the curve. All values are in percentage to the rated values that are set in parameters 6000 to 6030. The timer in 1111 decides how long the fault will exceed the limits. when the voltage is low. this will be set to trip the generator breaker. It is possible to configure two relay outputs for the alarm.2 Voltage-dependent over-current The voltage-dependent over-current is a protection for generators without permanent magnets. Timer. The curve shows that the generator breaker will trip when two requirements are met: The generator voltage is below 50 % of rated. The short circuit current level can drop below the rated current of the generator. This can be used for tripping at a lower current. Parameter 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 Voltage level (Fixed/not adjustable) 50 60 70 80 90 100 Current level (Set point/adjustable) 50 55 65 80 100 130 The six values can then be transferred to a curve. The set points for the different levels are set in parameters 1101 to 1106. and thus the short circuit will not be tripped. When a short circuit occurs. the voltage will be low. This protection occurs when a short circuit is present and the voltage drops.2. which will be explained by an example: The six different set points have been set to the values shown in the table below. the voltage will make a drop and the current will rise for a very short period and then drop to a lower level afterwards.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 3. outputs. which may result in personal injury or damaged equipment. The protection function is activated as a default. The six set points will create a curve. The set point refers to six different current levels and voltage levels. the breaker should be tripped. As a default. This will make it possible to send a signal to external equipment regarding this specific alarm. The six voltage levels are already determined. and the current is above 50 % of rated. The action/fail class is decided in parameter 1115 and can be set from a warning to a shutdown.

it is allowed to have a voltage difference of 31 V in this application. Now the biggest voltage deviation in percent can be calculated: 17/414 = 4. the average would be: (315 + 310 + 300)/3 = 308. this calculated percentage would have been smaller.300)*100)/308. it will be the 100 A. 6023 or 6033. This can be caused by an unbalanced load.2. and it can be set to nominal or average. or if a fuse to a single phase has blown. It is located in parameters 1501 to 1506.7 %. The maximum difference will be compared to the average current: ((108. The AGC will use the maximum and the minimum current.1 %. the stress on the generator will be higher than normal. Parameter 1203 can also be set to average.75 %.3 A. The calculation will now be: ((115 . the unbalanced voltage protection can be set. in this case 115 A and 100 A. depending on which of the nominal settings is activated. before the unbalanced voltage protection can be activated. the generator breaker will be tripped. This is independent of the size of the load.4 Unbalanced voltage As well as having an unbalanced current protection. a difference in voltage may appear. The AGC will measure on each of the phase voltages and compare them to each other.3 . If parameter 1501 is set to 4 %. it can be calculated how unbalanced the genset is allowed to be: (4*400)/100 = 16 A. This would give a deviation of: ((308. To protect the generator from unnecessary stress. Example: A genset is rated at 400 A and is supplying a load. Now the voltage with the biggest voltage difference must be subtracted. The comparison to the nominal current will give a percentage that is related to parameter 1501. Parameter 1203 is also related to these parameters.3 Unbalanced current The generator can be in a situation where it is not delivering its rated load.1 %.100)*100)/400 = 3.3 = 7. 6013. If the load had been bigger. take the one that differs most from the average and calculate a percentage of deviation: (115 + 110 + 100)/3 = 108.414 = 17 V.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. The currents of the three phases are: 115 A. The AGC will then calculate an average of the phases and compare how unbalanced the load is between them.3 A.100)*100)/108. and the genset's rated current is 400 A. If parameter 1501 is set to 4 %. Example: Phase L1 to L2 is 431 V. When the phases are loaded more than 16 A. the protection against unbalanced load can be used. The three voltages must be added up to find an average voltage: (431 + 400 + 410)/3 = 414 V. but the current is very high in one of the phases. Then it will compare this to the nominal current typed in parameter 6003. This means that if parameter 1511 is set to 4. If the genset is mounted in an application with capacitors to compensate and a failure occurs in one of the capacitors.7 %. When a generator load is unbalanced. the AGC uses the maximum and the minimum current and subtracts the values.2. DEIF A/S Page 13 of 208 . in this case L1 to L2: 431 .3 . Then the AGC will analyse which of the currents that differs most. Example: An genset is rated at 400 A and is supplying a load. The heat in one of the windings can also be very high. 110 A and 100 A. 310 A and 300 A. the genset will keep running. phase L2 to L3 is 400 V and phase L3 to L1 is 410 V. 110 A and 100 A. The AGC will now calculate an average of these currents. Parameter 1203 defines how the calculations should be done. In this example. To prevent this. The windings for this phase will be overheated and thus exposed to heavy stress. Unbalanced load can also develop if a cable has been damaged or dropped off. If parameter 1203 is set to nominal. The average comparison is described with an example below. 3. the AGC also has an unbalanced voltage protection. If the phase currents were 315 A. The currents of the three phases are: 115 A.3 = 2. The percentage set in parameter 1511 is a percentage of deviation compared to the average voltage in the three phases.

Phase-phase is selected as default. DEIF A/S Page 14 of 208 . When parameter 1531 is set to 75 %. an over-excitation of the generator can occur. When this protection is set. It is also possible to enable two relay outputs when the alarm occurs.2. The timer is set in parameter 1532. and the alternator is the "outer circle".AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions In the example. The two relay outputs can be set in parameters 1513 and 1514. or in an application with more than one generator in case one of the generators' exciter fails. and this can be changed in parameter 1201. Be aware that when parameter 1201 is changed. In parameter 1512 the timer can be set. the genset is allowed to export 1500 kvar all the time. the operating chart of the genset is requisite. The percentage is calculated like this: kvar/kw = 1500/2000 = 75 %. but it can also be phase-neutral measurements. The engine represents the blue dotted line in the diagram above. A random operating chart of a genset is shown below: An example will be used to describe how the setting is made. Over-excitation can overheat windings in the generator and create a failure over time. The 75 % setting represents the red dotted line in the operating chart. Example: The engine is of 2000 kW.5 Over-excitation When heavy inductive loads are connected. It is requisite to calculate how many kvar the genset can export: The kvar is used to calculate a percentage for parameter 1531. It will be possible to set an alarm when the load has crossed the red dotted line for a certain period of time. It is the point where the engine curve and the alternator curve intersect. In parameter 1516 the fail class is decided. it will influence other protections. 3. and in parameter 1515 this protection is enabled. Over-excitation can also occur if the load of a generator quickly changes from inductive to capacitive. phase-phase measurements have been used. a specific point should be pointed out. and it is marked with a red arrow in the operating chart. To set the over-excitation protection correctly. and the alternator is of 2500 kVA. (Parameter 1201 will be described later).

1330 1620 1660. 1310. 1700 7480. If many of the loads are connected as phase-neutral. 1190 1510 1660. When this parameter is set. the setting of parameter 1201 should be set to phaseneutral. 1280. Parameter 1201 influences: 1150. There are three parameters that can change how the measurements are done in the AGC: 1201. 2 and 3 Busbar unbalanced voltage protection Busbar time-dependent under-voltage 1 & 2 (Measured on busbar side of generator breaker. it should be taken into account how the loads in the application are connected. It can be set to either phase-phase or phase-neutral. can be set to either a phase-phase or a phase-neutral measurement. Parameter 1202 influences: 1270. and on a mains unit it will be the voltage measurements on the mains feeder side of the mains breaker. 1290 1300. It is also considering how the measurements should be made.2. This parameter can also be set to phase-phase measurement or phase-neutral measurement. under "Unbalanced current". In parameter 1201 it can be set how the voltage measurements should be done for example on generator voltage protection. 1202 and 1203. Only in generator units) Busbar over-voltage average protection 1 and 2 Parameter 1203 refers to the current measurement as described earlier in this chapter.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. Only in mains units) Parameter 1202 is similar to 1201. But this parameter refers to the other voltage measurements.6 Decision of measurements The protection for unbalanced voltage. 7490 Busbar over-voltage protection 1 and 2 Busbar under-voltage protection 1. by default it is set to phase-phase. 1700 Generator over-voltage protection 1 and 2 Generator under-voltage protection 1. and on a mains unit it will be the voltage measurements after the mains breaker. 1180.3 Terminal strip overview The terminal strip overview shows I/Os for selectable standard and optional hardware. Refer to the data sheet for accurate information about possible configurations for the AGC. Parameter 1203 influences: 1500 1710 Unbalanced current 1 Unbalanced current 2 3. On a generator unit it will be the voltage measurements on the generator side of a breaker. DEIF A/S Page 15 of 208 . On a generator unit it will be the busbar voltage measurements. 2 and 3 Generator unbalanced voltage protection Mains time-dependent under-voltage 1 and 2 (Measured on mains feeder side of mains breaker. 1320. 1160 1170. for example. These settings also influence other protections and settings in the AGC.

#5 and #6 DEIF A/S Page 16 of 208 .1 Slot #1. #2.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Refer to the input/output lists in the installation instructions for detailed information about the I/Os of the specific options. 3.3.

please refer to the option descriptions.3. #7 and #8 The hardware shown in slot #3 is option M12 and G3.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. For a detailed description of these options. DEIF A/S Page 17 of 208 . #4.2 Slot #3.

all three phases must be connected to the AGC. the three-phase system is selected. which can be enabled individually in this measurement system. For further reference. voltage Phase-phase voltage of the generator 400 V AC 6041 G transformer Primary voltage of the G voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6042 G transformer Secondary voltage of the G voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6051 BB transformer set 1 Primary voltage of the BB voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6052 BB transformer set 1 Secondary voltage of the BB voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6053 BB nom. Press the JUMP push-button and go to menu 9130 or use the USW. Press the until SAVE is underscored. When in doubt. The following adjustments must be made to make the system ready for the three-phase measuring (example 400/230 V AC): Setting Adjustment Description Adjust to value 6004 G nom. single phase and split phase. and then press push-button to save the new setting. Configure the AGC-4 to match the correct measuring system. the AC wiring diagrams are shown in the Installation Instructions.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. 3 phase L1L2L3 RESET Use the SAVE or push-button to choose between 1-phase. In menu 9130.4 Measurement systems The AGC-4 is designed for measurement of voltages between 100 and 690V AC. The settings can be changed using the display.4. 3. the measurement principle can be changed between three-phase. 2-phase or 3-phase. When this principle is used. DEIF A/S Page 18 of 208 . The menu for adjustment of the measurement principle looks like this: Automatic Gen-set Controller multi-line AGC G 0 0 0V 9130 AC config.1 Three-phase system When the AGC is delivered from the factory. contact the switchboard manufacturer for information about the required adjustment. voltage set 1 Phase-phase voltage of the busbar UNOM The AGC has two sets of BB transformer settings.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. which can be enabled individually in this measurement system. 3.4. voltage Phase-neutral voltage of the generator 230 V AC 6041 G transformer Primary voltage of the G voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM × √3 6042 G transformer Secondary voltage of the G voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM × √3 6051 BB transformer set 1 Primary voltage of the BB voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM × √3 6052 BB transformer set 1 Secondary voltage of the BB voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM × √3 6053 BB nom.3 Single phase system The single phase system consists of one phase and the neutral. and UL3L1 does not activate any alarm. The following adjustments must be made to make the system ready for the single phase measuring (example 230 V AC): Setting Adjustment Description Adjust to value 6004 G nom. The voltage alarm set points refer to the nominal voltage 120 V AC. The AGC shows phases L1 and L3 in the display. voltage Phase-phase voltage of the generator 120 V AC 6041 G transformer Primary voltage of the G voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6042 G transformer Secondary voltage of the G voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6051 BB transformer set 1 Primary voltage of the BB voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6052 BB transformer set 1 Secondary voltage of the BB voltage transformer (if installed) UNOM 6053 BB nom. DEIF A/S Page 19 of 208 . The phase angle between L1 and L3 is 180 degrees. Split phase is possible between L1-L2 or L1-L3. voltage set 1 Phase-phase voltage of the busbar UNOM × √3 The voltage alarms refer to UNOM (230 V AC).2 Split phase system This is a special application where two phases and neutral are connected to the AGC. The AGC has two sets of BB transformer settings. voltage set 1 Phase-phase voltage of the busbar UNOM The measurement UL3L1 shows 240 V AC. The following adjustments must be made to make the system ready for the split phase measuring (example 240/120 V AC): Setting Adjustment Description Adjust to value 6004 G nom.4.

3.5. which enables the use of a specific set of nominal settings related to a specific application or situation. and select the nominal settings in the outputs. It is possible to switch between the nominal settings 1 to 4. parameter settings 2 DEIF A/S Page 20 of 208 .5 Nominal settings 3. input no. the nominal BB voltage will be considered equal to nominal generator voltage. which can be enabled individually in this measurement system. none of the BB nominal settings will be considered. If no voltage transformer is installed between generator and busbar.2 Switch between the nominal settings The four sets of nominal settings can be individually configured. configured in channels 6051 to 6063. 3. Instead. parameter settings 1 Not Dig. Digital input M-Logic is used when a digital input is needed to switch between the four sets of nominal settings.5. if any measurement transformers are installed. and channel 6054 is set to "BB Unom = G Unom". input no. select "BB Unom = G Unom" in channel 6054.1 Nominal settings The AGC holds four sets of nominal settings. it may be desirable to increase the nominal power and current settings to achieve increased tolerance regarding the protections. Nominal settings 1 (6001 to 6007) are the nominal settings that are used as default. See paragraph "Switch between the nominal settings" for more information about this feature. For example. any event can be used to activate an automatic switching of nominal parameter sets. Typically. The AGC is able to switch between the different sets of nominal settings. the primary and secondary side values can be set to generator nominal value. With this function activated. If no busbar voltage transformer is present. When using M-Logic. AOP or menu 6006. configured in channels 6001 to 6036. The "U primary" and "U secondary" are used to define the primary and secondary voltage values. where switching in frequency and voltage is required. in the event of an AMF situation. Select the required input among the input events. 23 or Not used or Not used Set nom. to match different voltages and frequencies. The AGC holds two sets of nominal settings for the busbar. The feature is very useful with mobile gensets. Stationary gensets can make use of this feature as well. Example: Event A Event B Event C Output Dig. it is the rental industry that makes use of the possibility to switch nominal parameter settings. Each set consists of a nominal as well as a primary and secondary voltage value. Activation Manual switching between the nominal set points can be done in three ways: digital input. 23 or Not used or Not used Set nom.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions The AGC has two sets of BB transformer settings.

parameter settings 2 See the "Help" file in the PC utility software for details. 3. and select the nominal settings in the outputs. the switching between settings 1 to 4 is made simply by choosing the desired nominal setting. Example: Event A Event B Event C Output Button07 or Not used or Not used Set nom. Four nominal settings of GOV/AVR offsets In menu 6006. To be able to handle applications above 25000 V and below 100 V. AOP M-Logic is used when the AOP is used to switch between the four sets of nominal settings. Master password level access is required to change this parameter.5. Menu settings In menu 6006. This makes it possible for the unit to support a wide range of voltage and power values.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK See the "Help" file in the PC utility software for details. meaning: nominal setting 1 (6001 to 6005) will follow the GOV/AVR offset in 2550. Switching between the two "BB nominal settings" (6050 and 6060) is done in the same way as explained above (channel 6054). DEIF A/S Page 21 of 208 . The nominal setting of GOV/AVR offset will follow the setting in 6006. parameter settings 1 Button08 or Not used or Not used Set nom. it is necessary to adjust the input range so it matches the actual value of the primary voltage transformer.3 Scaling Default voltage scaling is set to range 100 V to 25000 V (parameter 9030). the selection of nominal setting is made. Select the required AOP push-button among the input events.

00 MW 0.0 kV 10. DEIF A/S Page 22 of 208 .0 kV to 160.00 kV 0.00 kV 10 kV to 160 kV 1. 3. settings 1 to 4 (voltage) will change according to parameter 9030 Transformer ratio settings parameters 6041.6 Applications 3.4 kV to 75 kV 0.1 Applications and genset modes This section about applications is to be used for reference using the particular genset mode as starting point.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Changing the voltage scaling will also influence the nominal power scaling: Scaling parameter 9030 Nom.4 kV to 75.4 kV to 75.0 MW 10.0 V to 2500.10 to 90.6.0 to 900. The unit can be used for the applications listed in the table below. settings 1 to 4 (power) will change according to parameter 9030 Nom.0 V 100 V to 25000 V 10 to 20000 kW 100 V to 25000 V 100 V to 25000 V 0.0 kV All nominal values and the primary VT settings must be corrected after the scaling has been changed in parameter 9030. 6051 and 6053 10 V to 2500 V 1.0 kV to 160.0 V 10.0 V to 2500.0 to 900.0 kW 10. It is not suitable for reading from beginning to end.

) Standard Island operation Standard Fixed power/base load Standard Peak shaving Standard Load takeover Standard Mains power export (fixed power to mains) Standard Multiple gensets. load sharing (G3) X X X X X Multiple gensets. DEIF A/S Page 23 of 208 . power management X X (X) X X Remote maintenance X X For a general description of the available running modes. The mains breaker will be opened at genset start-up.) X X X X X Island operation X X X X X Fixed power/base load X X X X X Peak shaving X X X X X Load takeover X X X X X Mains power export X X X X X Multiple gensets. In both cases.6. load sharing Requires option G3 Multiple gensets.x and a remote maintenance box from DEIF A/S Genset mode Running mode Auto Semi Test Man Block Automatic Mains Failure (no back sync.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Application Comment Automatic Mains Failure (no back sync. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description". It is possible to adjust the unit to change to genset operation in two different ways. The mains breaker will remain closed until the genset is running.) Standard Automatic Mains Failure (with back sync. 2. power management Requires option G5 Remote maintenance Requires option H8.) X X X X X Automatic Mains Failure (with back sync.2 AMF (no back synchronisation) Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and switches to generator supply at a mains failure after an adjustable delay time. 1. 3. and the mains breaker is open. the generator breaker will be closed when the generator voltage and frequency is OK. and the genset voltage and frequency is OK.

the unit will use the nominal frequency as the setpoint for the speed governor. the nominal voltage is used as the setpoint. then the auto mode must also be used. 2. and the mains breaker is open. The start and stop commands are used by activating and deactivating a digital input or with the time-dependent start/stop commands.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions When the mains returns. the unit will use the nominal frequency as the setpoint for the speed governor.6. the generator breaker and the mains breaker will never be closed at the same time for a longer period than the adjusted "Overlap" time. For a general description of the available running modes.3 AMF (with back synchronisation) Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and switches to generator supply at a mains failure after an adjustable delay time. the generator breaker is tripped. DEIF A/S Page 24 of 208 . In both cases. 3. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description". When the generator is paralleled to the mains. If the time-dependent start/stop commands are to be used. the unit will switch back to mains supply and cool down and stop the genset. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description".6. It is possible to adjust the unit to change to genset operation in two different ways: 1. When the stop command is given. In that case. 3. the governor regulation will no longer be active. The mains breaker will be opened at genset start-up.4 Island operation Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and closes the generator breaker at a digital start command. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. The mains breaker will remain closed until the genset is running. and the genset voltage and frequency is OK. and the genset will be stopped after a cooling down period. the unit will synchronise the mains breaker to the busbar when the "Mains OK delay" has expired. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. The automatic mains failure mode can be combined with the "Overlap" function. Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. For a general description of the available running modes. Then the genset cools down and stops. then the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. the generator breaker will be closed when the generator voltage and frequency is OK. then the setpoint will be the adjusted power factor (7050 Fixed power set). When the mains returns. The switching back to mains supply is done without back synchronisation when the adjusted "Mains OK delay" has expired. Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed.

If AVR control (option D1) is selected. The start and stop commands are used by activating and deactivating a digital input or with the time-dependent start/stop commands. the unit ramps up the load to the setpoint level. When the stop command is given. 3. For a general description of the available running modes. the generator power will be increased to the fixed power setpoint. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor. fixed power . the nominal voltage is used as setpoint.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed. then the auto mode must also be used. the genset is deloaded and stopped after the cooling down period. Delay point: At this point. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. kW Stop signal Start signal t tRAMP-UP Diagram. the ramp up is cancelled until the delay has expired. Setpoints related to fixed power 2610 Power ramp up Ramp speed: Defines the slope of the ramp up. then the setpoint will be the adjusted power (7050 Fixed power set).6. the unit will use the nominal frequency as the setpoint for the speed governor.5 Fixed power/base load Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and synchronises to the mains when the digital input "auto start/stop" is activated. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. If the time-dependent start/stop commands are to be used. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. If AVR control (option D1) is selected.principle Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. DEIF A/S Page 25 of 208 . After the generator breaker closure. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description".

step 5 Delay. step 1 2610 Power ramp up Delay: When this delay has expired. wait and then ramp to the present power setpoint. wait the configured delay time. Steps: Defines the number of steps related to the delay point setting. DEIF A/S Page 26 of 208 . 3. the genset will ramp to 20%. Stop signal Power [kW] Power Set point Power ramp [%/s] Ramp down Time [sec] Ramp up. Freeze power ramp active: 1. determined by the number of steps in menu 2615.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Delay.6 Ramp up with load steps When the GB is closed. Enable: Enable load ramp steps. step 4 Delay. wait. step 3 Delay. If the function is activated while ramping from one delay point to another.6. ramp to 40%. 2. the ramp up is continued from the delay point. step 2 Delay. The power ramp will stop at any point of the power ramp. If the delay point is set to 20% and the number of load steps is set to 3. the power setpoint continues to rise in ramp up steps. read From load share line GB closed 3. and this setpoint will be maintained as long as the function is active. the ramp will be fixed until the function is deactivated again. ramp to 60%.7 Freeze power ramp A way to define the ramp up steps is to use the freeze power ramp command in M-logic.6.

When the mains import increases above the maximum mains import setpoint. 10%. A 4-20 mA transducer is used for indication of the power imported from the mains. 2620 Power ramp down Ramp speed: Defines the slope of the ramp down. The delay starts running when the GB has been closed. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description".6. cos phi and PF are only equal if it is a true sinusoidal wave. 3. e. DEIF A/S Page 27 of 208 . the genset will run at min. the genset will cool down and stop. When the load drops below the maximum mains import setpoint. This is not the PF value displayed in the display. please see "Mains transducer" description later in this document. 7050 Fixed power set Power set: The amount of power the genset will produce.8 Peak shaving Auto mode description The genset will start at a predefined mains import level and run at a fixed minimum load.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. Breaker open: The amount of power accepted when opening the breaker. the genset will supply the extra load in order to maintain the mains import at the maximum import level. the timer will be stopped and will not continue until the function is deactivated again.g. For a general description of the available running modes. When the mains import and the generator load decrease below the stop setpoint. load again. The values in 7052-7055 set the cos phi. If the function is activated while the delay timer is timing out.

auto mode. the setpoint is the adjusted power factor (7050 Fixed power set). the generator will be controlled according to the peak shaving setpoint. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK kW Peak/total power Max. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. The hours outside the daytime period are considered to be the night-time period. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. Setpoints related to peak shaving 7000 Mains power Day and night: The mains power import limits for the peak shaving. Tmax and Tmin: The transducer range in kW which corresponds to the 4-20 mA transducer signal connected on multi-input 102. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. 7010 Daytime period These settings define the daytime period. DEIF A/S Page 28 of 208 . the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor. mains import level Mains power Gen-set start level Gen-set stop level Generator power Gen-set minimum load t tSTOP Diagram. So the maximum mains import will not be exceeded in spite of the semi. peak shaving – example Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened.

6. 3. DEIF A/S Page 29 of 208 . Load: The minimum load the genset will produce when parallel to mains. please see "Mains transducer" description later in this document. G5 and G8". the genset will start and synchronise the generator breaker to the busbar that is being supplied by the mains.Back synchronising ON The purpose of the load takeover mode is to transfer the load imported from the mains to the genset for operation on generator supply only. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description". Delay: The genset will stop when the stop setpoint has been exceeded and this delay has expired. 7030 Stop generator Stop setpoint: The stop setpoint is in percent of the day and night settings in menu 7000 Mains power.9 Load takeover Auto mode description . If power management is used. Then the mains breaker opens. "Description of options G4. please refer to the power management manual.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Parameters 7020 and 7030 are used to define the starting and stopping point of an application without power management (option G5). the imported load is decreased (the power is being transferred to the genset) until the load is at the open breaker point. cooled down and stopped. When the start command is given. For a general description of the available running modes. When the stop command is given. For additional information on load-dependent start and stop. then load-dependent start and stop parameters will be used. the mains breaker is synchronised to the busbar and after closure the genset is deloaded. When the generator breaker is closed. A 4-20 mA transducer is used for indication of the power imported from the mains. 7020 Start generator Start setpoint: The start setpoint is in percent of the day and night settings in menu 7000 Mains power. Delay: The genset will start when the start setpoint has been exceeded and this delay has expired.

The genset cools down and stops. an alarm appears and the load takeover sequence is paused. Semi-auto mode When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description". DEIF A/S Page 30 of 208 . the generator breaker opens and the mains breaker closes.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions kW Mains power Generator power GB opens Stop signal MB opens Start signal t Diagram. it will be controlled so the imported power from the mains will be kept at 0 kW. Now. the genset will start. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor. If AVR control (option D1) is selected.example The load takeover mode can be combined with the overlap function. the generator and the mains breakers will never be closed at the same time for a longer period than the adjusted "overlap" time. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. load takeover . an alarm appears and the load takeover sequence is paused. . Then. For a general description of the available running modes. the setpoint is the adjusted power factor (7050 Fixed power set). When the generator is paralleled to the mains. the generator supplies the load until the stop command is given. If the imported load is higher than the nominal genset power. If the imported load is higher than the nominal genset. the mains breaker is opened and the generator breaker is closed. When the frequency and voltage is OK.Back synchronising OFF When the start command is given. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. In that case.

mains power export . The amount of power exported will be kept at a fixed level regardless of the load on the busbar (the factory). t Ramp up Ramp down Mains power export setpoint kW Diagram.6. This means that the genset will be parallel to the mains but no power import or export. Stop signal Start signal A 4-20 mA transducer is used for indication of the power exported from the mains. The stop command will cause the genset to deload and trip the generator breaker. it is still the mains power export mode that must be selected! This mode covers import as well as export. DEIF A/S Page 31 of 208 . it will cool down and stop.example Please notice that the setpoint of the mains power export can be adjusted to 0 kW.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 3.10 Mains power export (fixed power to mains) Auto mode description The mains power export mode can be used to maintain a constant level of power through the mains breaker. Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. It synchronises to the mains and will start to export power to the mains. but always at a constant level. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor. Afterwards. please see "Mains transducer" description later in this document. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. The power can be exported to the mains or imported from the mains. The genset starts as a result of a digital start command. If a fixed level of imported power must be used.

and define the range of the transducer in parameter 7003 and 7004. 20000 7004 Transducer range min.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions When the generator is paralleled to the mains. it is necessary to use multi-input 102 for this purpose. The range is defined with a min. Parameter Name Range 7003 Transducer range max. Below is a single line diagram where a TAS-331 DG transducer is used for measuring the voltage and current before the mains breaker. it will be controlled according to the mains power export setpoint.11 Mains transducer In applications where export/load takeover is used (mains power export. peak shaving. DEIF A/S Page 32 of 208 . -20000 As soon as transducer max. settings are changed to a value different from 0. setting to 20 mA. and max. the controller will use the transducer signal. Set up multi-input 102 for 4-20 mA in parameter 10980. setting where the min. setting corresponds to 4 mA and the max. If AVR control (option D1) is selected. For a general description of the available running modes. load takeover). this is used to calculate the power and based upon this gives a 4-20 mA output. When one controller is used for the application or if a transducer signal is preferred in a power management system. 3. or min. it is necessary to know the power flow on the primary side of the mains breaker. the setpoint is the adjusted power factor (7050 Fixed power set). even in a power management system with a mains controller. please refer to the chapter "Running mode description". Mains Display Transducer (TAS-331DG) Mains breaker (MB) Controller Consumers Generator breaker (GB) G Diesel generator set How to set up As mentioned. it is possible to use multi-input 102 for this purpose.6.

When the genset is running in semi-auto mode. Modbus command The standard AGC is only equipped with a limited number of digital inputs. Push-buttons on the display are used 2. as is the case with the auto mode. if external signals are given.7. The following sequences can be activated in semi-auto: DEIF A/S Page 33 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. please refer to "Digital inputs" in this document and the data sheet for additional information about availability. the unit will control the speed governor and the AVR. It will only initiate sequences. Semi-auto means that the unit will not initiate any sequences automatically.1 Semi-auto mode The unit can be operated in semi-auto mode.7 Running mode description 3. Digital inputs are used 3. if option D1 is selected. An external signal may be given in three ways: 1.

Manual GOV DOWN The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the GOV input is ON. Manual AVR UP The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the AVR input is ON.2 Test mode The test mode function is activated by selecting test with the MODE push-button on the display or by activating a digital input. After disappearance of the running signal. ● Timer: Engine run time during the test period. Close MB The unit will close the mains breaker if the generator breaker is open. DEIF A/S Page 34 of 208 . ● Return: When the test is completed. the unit will return to the selected mode (semi-auto or auto). Close GB The unit will close the generator breaker if the mains breaker is open. synchronise and close the mains breaker if the generator breaker is closed. Option D1 is required. The cooling down time is cancelled if the stop button is activated twice. Manual GOV UP The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the GOV input is ON. The settings for the test function are set up in menu 7040 Test ● Setpoint: Load setpoint when paralleling to mains. The genset is stopped with cooling down time. Open GB The unit will ramp down and open the generator breaker at the breaker open point if the mains breaker is closed. synchronise and close the generator breaker if the mains breaker is closed. Stop The genset will be stopped.7. the stop sequence will continue to be active in the ‘"extended stop time" period. The unit will open the generator breaker instantly if the mains breaker is open or the genset mode is island mode. When AMF mode is selected. the unit will not regulate after breaker closure. The frequency (and voltage) will be regulated to make the GB ready to close. 3.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Command Description Comment Start The start sequence is initiated and continues until the genset starts or the maximum number of start attempts has been reached. Open MB The unit opens the mains breaker instantly. Manual AVR DOWN The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the AVR input is ON. Option D1 is required.

3. the test sequence will be infinite.7. When the test timer expires. If the DG unit is in the stop sequence in test mode and the mode is changed to semi-auto.4 Load test The load test will start the genset and run it at nominal frequency. 3. 3. If the timer is set to 0. it is required that "Sync to Mains" is enabled in menu 7084. the overlap function is ignored..7. the DG will continue to run.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 7040 Test ● Type: Selection of one of the three types of tests: Simple. synchronise the generator breaker and transfer the load to the generator before opening the mains breaker.0 min. Load or Full.5 Full test The full test will start the genset and run it at nominal frequency.7.7. synchronise the generator breaker and produce the power typed in the setpoint in menu 7041. 3. The following commands are possible: DEIF A/S Page 35 of 208 . the genset can be controlled from the display and with digital inputs. The test will run until the timer expires. To run the load test.3 Simple test The simple test will only start the genset and run it at nominal frequency with the generator breaker open. Test mode in island operation (genset mode selected to island mode) can only run "Simple" and "Full" test.6 Manual mode When manual mode is selected. When running a load test sequence. it is required that "Sync to Mains" is enabled in menu 7084. To run the full test. the mains breaker will be synchronised and the load is transferred back to the mains before the generator breaker is opened and the generator is stopped. The test will run until the timer expires.

So. Manual AVR DOWN The unit gives decrease signal to the AVR. then it is important to know that the input configured to block mode is a constant signal. The block mode must now be changed using the display. and when it is OFF. It is possible to open and close both the generator breaker and the mains breaker in manual mode. Option D1 is required. Manual AVR UP The unit gives increase signal to the AVR. failure is deactivated.7. Before the running mode is changed. Manual GOV DOWN The unit gives decrease signal to the speed governor. failure is deactivated. If block mode is selected using the display after the digital block input is activated. the unit is locked for certain actions. Open GB The unit will open the generator breaker instantly.7 Block mode When the block mode is selected. Manual GOV UP The unit gives increase signal to the speed governor. Close MB The unit will close the mains breaker if the generator breaker is open. it is important to check that persons are clear of the genset and that the genset is ready for operation. and synchronise and close the generator breaker if the mains breaker is closed. If the digital inputs are used to change the mode. Open MB The unit will open the mains breaker instantly. No regulation. 3. The block mode can only be changed locally by display or digital input. To change the running mode from the display. the AGC will stay in block mode after the block input is deactivated. Sync. It is not possible to select "block mode" when running feedback is present. The genset is stopped with cooling down time. it returns to the mode it was in before block mode was selected. No regulation. This means that it cannot start the genset or perform any breaker operations. when it is ON. the stop sequence will continue to be active in the "extended stop time" period. After disappearance of the running signal. DEIF A/S Page 36 of 208 . Stop The genset will be stopped. No regulation. Option D1 is required. Sync.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Command Description Comment Start The start sequence is initiated and continues until the genset starts or the maximum number of start attempts has been reached. Close GB The unit will close the generator breaker if the mains breaker is open. The purpose of the block mode is to make sure that the genset does not start for instance during maintenance work. and synchronise and close the mains breaker if the generator breaker is closed. the user will be asked for a password before the change can be made. the unit is in a blocked state.

Therefore. if such is installed.2 Automatic Mains Failure Load Controller G DEIF A/S Page 37 of 208 . 3.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Alarms are not influenced by block mode selection.8.1 Application illustration In the following. The genset can be started from the local engine control panel.8 Single-line diagrams 3. DEIF recommends avoiding local cranking and starting of the genset.8. 3. The genset will shut down if block mode is selected while the genset is running. the various applications are illustrated in single-line diagrams.

8.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.8.3 Island operation Load Controller G 3.4 Fixed power/base load Load Controller G DEIF A/S Page 38 of 208 .

8.5 Peak shaving TRANSDUCER P/4-20 mA Load Controller G 3.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.8.6 Load takeover TRANSDUCER P/4-20 mA Load Controller G DEIF A/S Page 39 of 208 .

8.7 Mains power export TRANSDUCER P/4-20 mA Load Controller G 3.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. load sharing (option G3 required) Load Controller G DEIF A/S Controller G Page 40 of 208 .8.8 Multiple gensets.

Island mode application Display 1 Display 2 Busbar CANbus Controller Generator breaker (GB 1) G Diesel generator set 1 DEIF A/S Generator breaker (GB 2) Controller G Diesel generator set 2 Page 41 of 208 .9 Multiple gensets.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. power management (option G5 required) .8.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions .Parallel to mains application Display mains Mains Mains breaker (MB) Controller Consumers Tie breaker (TB) Display 1 Display 2 Busbar CANbus Generator breaker (GB 1) Controller G Diesel generator set 1 DEIF A/S Generator breaker (GB 2) Controller G Diesel generator set 2 Page 42 of 208 .

two tie breakers. one bus tie breaker and four gensets Optional Optional AOP 1 AOP 2 Display AOP 1 Display Display Mains 17 AOP 2 Display Mains 18 CANbus CANbus Mains breaker (MB 17) Mains breaker (MB 18) Controller Controller CANbus Load Load Tie Breaker (TB 17) Tie Breaker (TB 18) Display 1 Display 2 Display BTB 33 Display 3 Display 4 BTB 33 Busbar Busbar CANbus Generator breaker (GB 1) Controller G Diesel generator set 1 CANbus Generator breaker (GB 2) Controller G Diesel generator set 2 Controller Generator breaker (GB 3) Controller G Diesel generator set 3 Generator breaker (GB 4) Controller G Diesel generator set 4 The diagram shows four generators. but the system supports up to 16 generators. Please refer to the option G5 manual for further description of multi mains.Multi mains with two mains. DEIF A/S Page 43 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions .

Please refer to the operator’s manual of the remote maintenance box for further description.ATS plant.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions . DEIF A/S Page 44 of 208 .Remote maintenance Controller LOAD G Relay The diagram shows a setup using the remote maintenance box. mains unit Display Mains Mains okay Controller Consumers ATS ON/OFF Tie Breaker (TB) Display 1 Display 2 Display 3 Controller Controller Busbar CANbus Controller G G Diesel generator set 1 Diesel generator set 2 G Diesel generator set 3 .

the flowcharts are simplified in some extent. the principles of the most important functions will be illustrated in the next sections. The functions included are: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Mode shift MB open sequence GB open sequence Stop sequence Start sequence MB close sequence GB close sequence Fixed power Load takeover Island operation Peak shaving Mains power export Automatic Mains Failure Test sequence The flowcharts on the following pages are for guidance only.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.9 Flowcharts Using flowcharts. DEIF A/S Page 45 of 208 . For illustrative purposes.

9.1 Mode shift Start Mode shift enabled No Yes Plant mode not Island and AMF No Yes No Mains failure Yes Initiate AMF sequence No Mains OK timer timed out Yes Initiate mains return sequence MB close sequence Continue in selected mode End DEIF A/S Page 46 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.2 MB open sequence Start MB closed No Yes Load take over No Mains failure Yes Deload MB No Load = 0 No Load too high Yes Alarm Yes Open MB MB opened No Alarm ”MB open failure” Yes End DEIF A/S Page 47 of 208 .9.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.3 GB open sequence Start Stop conditions OK No Yes Is GB closed No Yes Soft open Failclas shutdown No Yes Deload DG No Load < open set point No Ramp down timer expired Yes Yes Open GB GB opened No Alarm Yes End DEIF A/S Page 48 of 208 .9.

9.4 Stop sequence Start No Stop conditions OK Yes GB open seq OK No Yes AUTO mode No Yes No Cooldown timer run out Yes Run coil No Stop relay Yes Deactivate ”stop” relay Genset stopped Activate stop relay No Alarm Yes End DEIF A/S Page 49 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

5 Start sequence Start Start condition OK No Yes Start prepare timer No Yes Start relay ON Start relay timer timeout No Genset started No Yes Yes Off relay ON Run feedback detected No Alarm Yes Stop relay timer timed out Yes No Max start attempts No F/U OK No Yes Ready to close GB Yes Start failure alarm DEIF A/S End Page 50 of 208 .9.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

failure Alarm GB open failure No Yes Close MB MB closed No Close failure alarm Yes End DEIF A/S Page 51 of 208 .6 MB close sequence Start Is MB open No Yes Voltage on mains/bus No Yes Voltage on gen No Yes GB closed No Yes Back sync ON Direct close OK Yes No Yes No Sync timer runout Sync MB Synchronised GB open sequence No Yes Alarm sync.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.9.

7 GB close sequence Start Is GB open No Yes Start seq OK No Yes Single DG application No Island mode No All GBs OFF Yes Yes No Yes Yes Voltage on bus Voltage on busbar No Yes No MB close No Yes TB Present No Yes TB open Yes No Yes MB open No No Direct closing OK Sync GB Time runout DG freq match BB freq Yes No Alarm sync failure Yes Close GB GB closed No Alarm Yes End DEIF A/S Page 52 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.9.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.9.8 Fixed power Start Activate start input Start sequence GB close sequence Ramp-up to load set-point Operation Deactivate start input GB open sequence Stop sequence End DEIF A/S Page 53 of 208 .

9.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.9 Load takeover Start Activate start input Start sequence GB close sequence Mains load = 0 kW No Ramp-up genset load Yes MB open sequence Genset operation Deactivate start input MB close sequence DEIF A/S GB open sequence Stop sequence End Page 54 of 208 .

9.10 Island operation Start Start input active Start sequence GB close sequence Operation Start input deactivated GB open sequence Stop sequence End DEIF A/S Page 55 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

9.11 Peak shaving Start Mains power above start set point Start sequence GB close sequence Operation: produce power above set point Mains power below stop set point GB open sequence Stop sequence End DEIF A/S Page 56 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

9.12 Mains power export Start Activate start input Start sequence Close GB sequence Ramp up to MPE set point operation Deactivate start input GB open sequence Stop sequence End DEIF A/S Page 57 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.

9.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3.13 Automatic Mains Failure Start No Mains failure Yes #7065: start eng + open MB No Yes Open MB Start sequence Start sequence Open MB GB close sequence GB close sequence Mains ok No Yes Time out DEIF A/S MB close sequence End Page 58 of 208 .

9.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. menu 7043 Sync GB Opening og MB allowed No Ramp up to P setpoint Yes End DEIF A/S No P Mains = 0kW Yes Open MB Page 59 of 208 .14 Test sequence Start Select test mode Start sequence Test timer Timer run out No Engine running No Yes Yes Stop sequence Freq/voltage OK No Yes Sync of GB allowed Engine stopped No No Yes Return to running mode.

the digital input "MB closed" must NOT be activated with a 12/24 volt input signal. This is caused by the wirebreak function. DEIF A/S Page 60 of 208 .g. the mains breaker. We recommend not using small relays for stop coil output.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. the generator breaker and. but no subsequent synchronising is initiated). press the START pushbutton: The engine will start.10 Sequences The following contains information about the sequences of the engine. The following sequences will be illustrated below: ● ● ● START sequence STOP sequence Breaker sequences If island operation is selected. In the semi-auto mode. a resistor must be mounted across the relay coil to prevent undesirable closing of the relay. Refer to our application notes or installation instructions for information about the required breaker wiring. These sequences are automatically initiated if the auto mode is selected. If small relays are used. or if the commands are selected in the semi-auto mode. the selected sequence is the only sequence initiated (e. if installed. A "mains breaker failure" will occur if the wiring of the mains breaker feedback inputs is wrong.

the running coil is activated 1 sec. Start sequence: Normal start prepare Start prepare tOFF Crank (starter) tOFF Run coil 1 sec.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions 3. before the start relay (starter). No matter the choice of start prepare function.10.1 Start sequence The following drawings illustrate the start sequences of the genset with normal start prepare and extended start prepare. Stop coil Running feedback 1st start attempt DEIF A/S 2nd start attempt 3rd start attempt Page 61 of 208 .

If the value in 6186 is set to 0. (menu 6150). then the crank relay will not engage the starter motor.10. the oil pressure is not primed to the sufficient value. the rule is that the value (oil pressure. 3. The diagram below shows an example where the VDO signal builds up slowly and starting is initiated at the end of the third start attempt. Stop coil Running feedback 1st start attempt 2nd start attempt 3rd start attempt Run coil can be activated from 1. the start sequence is initiated as soon as it is requested. In the above example. The selection is made in setting 6185.. DEIF A/S Page 62 of 208 . before crank (starter) will be executed.600 sec. For each of the VDO settings.. fuel level or water temperature) must exceed the setpoint of setting 6186 before starting is initiated.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Start sequence: Extended start prepare Start prepare tOFF Crank (starter) tOFF Run coil 1 sec.g.2 Start sequence conditions The start sequence initiation can be controlled by the following conditions: ● ● ● VDO 102 (oil pressure) VDO 105 (water temperature) VDO 108 (fuel level) This means that if e.0. the timer is set to 1 sec.

If. If a running feedback is detected based on one of the secondary choices. This way. the running detection will be made based on all available types.3 Running feedback Different types of running feedback can be used to detect if the motor is running. the genset will start. the primary choice is not detecting any running feedback. for some reason. no matter if the genset is started based on the primary or secondary feedback. The running detection is made with a built-in safety routine. Refer to menu 6170 for selection of the running feedback type. DEIF A/S Page 63 of 208 .10. The running feedback selected is the primary feedback. the starter relay will stay activated for 1 additional second. At all times all the types of running feedback is used for running detection.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Start sequence Cranking depends on RMI Start prepare (3 start attempts) 1 2 3 Stop relay Crank relay Run coil Running feedback RMI measurement OK RMI value Cranking starts 3. As soon as the genset is running. the genset will still be functional even though a tacho sensor is damaged or dirty.

Running mode It is not possible to change the running mode to "block" as long as the genset is running. Running feedback Tacho setpoint. Running feedback failure Primary running feedback Secondary running feedback 1sec Start relay (crank) tAlarm Alarm Interruption of start sequence The start sequence is interrupted in the following situations: Event Comment Stop signal Start failure Remove starter feedback Tacho setpoint. it has to be set up in menu 6174. Running feedback Oil pressure setpoint (menu 6175). fixed power. If the MPU input is to be used to remove the starter. Running feedback EIC (engine communication) (option H5 or H7). load takeover or mains power export mode. Deactivate the "auto start/ stop" Auto mode in the following genset modes: Island operation. Modbus stop command Semi-auto or manual mode. Binary stop input Semi-auto or manual mode. Running feedback Digital input.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions The sequence is shown in the diagram below. Emergency stop Alarm Alarms with shutdown" or "trip and stop" fail class. Running feedback Frequency measurement above 32 Hz. DEIF A/S Page 64 of 208 . The running detection based on the frequency measurement can replace the running feedback based on tacho or digital input or engine communication. Stop push-button on display Only in semi-auto or manual mode. The frequency measurement requires a voltage measurement of 30% of UNOM.

3. the start prepare function is deactivated. until the specified time has expired. Both of these must have the fail class "shut down". If the timer is set to 0. This gives the ECU time to start up before cranking.0 s. Extended prepare: The extended prepare will activate the start prepare relay when the start sequence is initiated and keep it activated when the start relay activates. Start ON time: The starter will be activated for this period when cranking.10.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK The only protections that can stop the genset/interrupt the start sequence when the "shutdown override" input is activated. Start OFF time: The pause between two start attempts. If the extended prepare time exceeds the start ON time. . the extended prepare function is deactivated.4 Start-up overview RPM 6160 Run status (0-300 sec) Inhibit status: Not running Oil pressure inhibit 1500 6165 Frequency detection level (20-35 Hz) 6173 Running detection level (0-4000 RPM) 1000 800 400 300 6180 Start prepare (0-600 sec) Start Cranking 6150 Run coil (0-600 sec) Starter 6174 Remove starter 6351 Running detection within (0-1200 sec) Remove starter (0-2000RPM) 6160 Run status (0-300 sec) 2740 Delay of Regulation (0-9900 sec) Activate regulation 4560 Hz/V failure (1-99 sec) Nominal speed Setpoints related to the start sequence . The start prepare relay is activated when the start sequence is initiated and deactivated when the start relay is activated. are the digital input "emergency stop" and the alarm "overspeed 2". DEIF A/S Page 65 of 208 .Run coil timer (6150 Run coil) The timer for the run coil is a setpoint that sets how long time the run coil will be activated before cranking the engine.0 s. the start prepare relay is deactivated when the start relay deactivates. for example prelubrication or preglowing. If the timer is set to 0.Start prepare (6180 Starter) Normal prepare: The start prepare timer can be used for start preparation purposes.

. The delay to be set is the time from the secondary running detection and until the alarm is raised.Frequency level (6165 Frequency detection level) This setpoint is in Hz and can be set to the needed level. The timer will start when 6165 Frequency detection level is reached. If this timer is used. When the level is reached. There is a failure on the primary running feedback. the 4570 Start failure will occur. the starter will be on until 6165 Frequency detection level is reached. This will only work. If the timer is exceeded and the level is not reached. fail) This is an alarm.Remove starter (6174 Remove starter) The starter is removed when the RPM setpoint is reached. .Hz/V failure (4560 Hz/V failure) If the frequency and voltage are not within the limits set in 2110 Blackout df/dUmax after the running feedback is received. . . in case there is no primary running feedback (6172). See below.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions . When the timer is exceeded. DEIF A/S Page 66 of 208 . If all start attempts (6190 Start attemps) are used. if MPU or EIC RPM is selected in 6172 Run detect type. the regulators will start working and make sure to reach the nominal values. this alarm is raised when the delay has expired. This will make sure that the engine goes from the RPM level set in 6174 Remove starter and 6173 Running detection level.Run feedback failure (4540 Run feedb.Delay of regulation (2740 Delay of regulation) By using this timer. and therefore this alarm will be raised with a delay. Failures related to the start sequence . the start sequence will start over and will have used a start attempt. the regulation start can be delayed. if MPU or EIC RPM is selected in 6172 Run detect type.Run status (6160 Run status) The timer in this setpoint is started when 6173 Running detection level is reached.Running detection RPM level (6173 Running detection level) This is the setpoint where the running detection level is defined in RPM. The regulators can be delayed using 2740 Delay of regulation. this alarm will be raised if the specified RPM is not reached before the delay has expired. but the secondary feedback detects running. .Crank failure alarm (4530 Crank failure) If MPU is chosen as the primary running feedback. If other running detection types than MPU or EIC RPM are used. and the running alarms and failures will be enabled (see the related failures below). . the inhibit status Not running will be deactivated. or when 6165 Frequency detection level is reached. the genset will overshoot the nominal frequency on start-up. This timer will only be active. the regulation can wait until the genset is already at nominal frequency before starting to regulate. . as the regulators start increasing as soon as they are turned on. If the setup is running on nominal settings and 2740 Delay of regulation is set to 0. if MPU or EIC RPM is selected in 6172 Run detect type. This will only work.Running detection (6351 Running detection) This timer can be set to the needed level.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

Functional descriptions

- Start failure alarm (4570 Start failure)
The start failure alarm occurs, if the genset has not started after the number of start attempts set in menu
6190.
- Engine externally stopped (6352 Ext. Eng. Stop)
If running sequence is active and the engine goes below 6173 Running detection and 6165 Frequency detection level without any command from the AGC, it will set an alarm if this parameter is enabled.

3.10.5 Start-up overview with idle run
6160

Run status
(0-300 sec)

Inhibit status: Not running
Oil pressure inhibit

1500

1000
6173
Running detection level
(0-4000 RPM)

800

400
300
6180
Start
prepare
(0-600 sec)

Start

Cranking
6150
Run coil
(0-600 sec)

Starter

6174
Remove
starter
6351
Running
detection
within
(0-1200 sec)
Remove
Idle start
starter
(0-2000RPM)

6290
Idle run

6165
Frequency
detection level
(20-35 Hz)

6160
Run status
(0-300 sec)
4560

2740
Delay of
Regulation
(0-9900 sec)
Activate
Idle
finished regulation

Hz/V failure
(1-99 sec)

Nominal
speed

The setpoints and failures in this overview are the same as described in the chapter "Start-up overview", except for the idle run function. This function is described in the chapter "Idle running".

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Functional descriptions

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

3.10.6 Stop sequence
The drawings illustrate the stop sequence.
Stop sequence
Run coil

Cooling down time

tCOOL

tstop

Run coil

Running feedback

Sequence initiated

Stop sequence
Stop coil

Cooling down time

tCOOL

Stop coil

tstop

Running feedback

Sequence initiated

The stop sequence will be activated if a stop command is given. The stop sequence includes the cooling
down time if the stop is a normal or controlled stop.

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Functional descriptions

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

Description

Cooling
down

Stop

Auto mode stop

X

X

Trip and stop alarm

X

X

Stop button on display

(X)

X

Semi-auto or manual. Cooling down is interrupted if the
stop button is activated twice.

Remove "auto start/stop"

X

X

Auto mode: Island operation, fixed power, load takeover,
mains power export.

X

Engine shuts down and GB opens.

Emergency stop

Comment

The stop sequence can only be interrupted during the cooling down period. Interruptions can occur in these
situations:
Event

Comment

Mains failure

AMF mode selected (or mode shift selected ON) and auto mode selected.

Start button is pressed

Semi-auto mode: Engine will run in idle speed.

Binary start input

Auto mode: Island operation and fixed power, load takeover or mains power
export.

Exceeding setpoint

Auto mode: Peak shaving.

GB close button is pressed

Semi-auto mode only.

The stop sequence can only be interrupted during the cooling down period.
When the engine is stopped, the analogue speed governor output is reset to the offset value.
Please refer to the mentioned option descriptions.
Setpoints related to the stop sequence
- Stop failure (4580 Stop failure)
A stop failure alarm will appear if the primary running feedback or the generator voltage and frequency are
still present after the delay in this menu has expired.
- Stop (6210 Stop)
Cooling down:
The length of the cooling down period.
Extended stop:
The delay after the running feedback has disappeared until a new start sequence is allowed. The extended
stop sequence is activated any time the Stop button is pressed.
Cool down controlled by engine temperature:
The engine temperature-controlled cool down is to ensure that the engine is cooled down below the setpoint
in menu 6214 "Cool down temperature" before the engine is stopped. This is particularly beneficial if the engine has been running for a short period of time and therefore not reached normal cooling water temperature,
as the cool down period will be very short or none at all. If the engine has been running for a long period, it
will have reached normal running temperature, and the cool down period will be the exact time it takes to get
the temperature below the temperature setpoint in menu 6214.

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Functional descriptions

If, for some reason, the engine cannot get the temperature below the temperature setpoint in 6214 within the
time limit in parameter 6211, the engine will be shut down by this timer. The reason for this could be high
ambient temperature.
If the cooling down timer is set to 0.0 s, the cooling down sequence will be infinite.
If the cooling down temperature is set to 0 deg., the cooling down sequence will be entirely
controlled by the timer.
If the engine stops unexpectedly, please refer to the chapter "Running feedback".

3.10.7 Breaker sequences
The breaker sequences will be activated depending on the selected mode:
Mode

Genset mode

Breaker control

Auto

All

Controlled by the unit

Semi-auto

All

Push-button

Manual

All

Push-button

Block

All

None

Before closing the breakers it must be checked that the voltage and frequency are OK. The limits are adjusted in menu 2110 Sync. blackout.
Setpoints related to MB control
7080 MB control
Mode shift:

When enabled, the AGC will perform the AMF sequence in case of a mains failure regardless of the actual genset mode.

MB close delay:

The time from GB OFF to MB ON when back synchronisation is OFF.

Back sync.:

Enables synchronisation from mains to generator.

Sync. to mains:

Enables synchronisation from generator to mains.

Load time:

After opening of the breaker, the MB ON sequence will not be initiated before this delay has expired. Please refer to the description of "Breaker spring load time".

If no MB is represented, then the relays and inputs normally used for MB control become configurable. The power plant constructor (USW) is used for configuration of the plant design if
the application does not include an MB.
AGC without back synchronisation: The GB can only be closed if the mains breaker is open.
The MB can only be closed if the generator breaker is open.
AGC with back synchronisation: If the GB or MB push-button is activated, the AGC will start
synchronising if the generator or mains voltage is present. The GB can close directly if the MB
is open. The MB can close directly if the GB is open.

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The possibilities in menu 7065 are: Selection Description Start engine + open mains breaker When a mains failure occurs.10. Back synchronisation is deactivated. This is necessary if the unit operates in Automatic Mains Failure (AMF). When the generator is running and the frequency and voltage are OK. the MB opens and the GB closes. The timers used by the AMF function are indicated in the table below: Timer Description Menu number tFD Mains failure delay 7071 f mains failure 7061 U mains failure tFU Frequency/voltage OK 6220 Hz/V OK tFOD Mains failure OK delay 7072 f mains failure 7062 U mains failure tGBC GB ON delay 6231 GB control tMBC MB ON delay 7082 MB control The timer tMBC is only active if back synchronisation is deactivated. 3. the mains breaker opens. Start engine When a mains failure occurs. Example 1: 7065 Mains fail control: Start engine and open MB Mains OK tMBC MB On GB On Gen start seq tFD tFOD Gen stop seq Gen running Gen f/U OK Mains failure detected DEIF A/S tFU Mains OK Page 71 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions AMF MB opening (menu 7065) It is possible to select the functionality of the mains breaker opening function. and the engine starts at the same time.8 AMF timers The time charts describe the functionality at a mains failure and at mains return. the engine starts.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Example 2: 7065 Mains fail control: Start engine Mains OK MB On tMBC GB On tGBC Gen start seq tFD Gen stop seq tFOD Gen running Gen f/U OK Mains failure detected DEIF A/S tFU Mains OK Page 72 of 208 .

configured in channels 6051 to 6063. the nominal BB voltage will be considered equal to nominal generator voltage. configured in channels 6001 to 6036. The "U primary" and "U secondary" are used to define the primary and secondary voltage values.1 Nominal settings The AGC holds four sets of nominal settings. synchronising Mains frequency/voltage OK GB closed No generator failure alarms GB OFF. The conditions for the ON and OFF sequences are described in the table below: Conditions for breaker operations Sequence Condition GB ON. It is possible to switch between the nominal settings 1 to 4. if any measurement transformers are installed. direct closing Running feedback Generator frequency/voltage OK MB open MB ON. 3. deloading Alarms with fail class: Trip and stop 3.11 Nominal settings 3. direct closing Mains frequency/voltage OK GB open GB ON. select "BB Unom = G Unom" in channel 6054. direct opening MB open MB OFF. direct opening Alarms with fail classes: Shut down or Trip MB alarms GB OFF. DEIF A/S Page 73 of 208 . Instead. The AGC is able to switch between the different sets of nominal settings. See paragraph "Switch between the nominal settings" for more information about this feature. Nominal settings 1 (6001 to 6007) are the nominal settings that are used as default. deloading MB closed MB OFF.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Conditions for breaker operations The breaker sequences react depending on the breaker positions and the frequency/voltage measurements. none of the BB nominal settings will be considered.2 Switch between the nominal settings The four sets of nominal settings can be individually configured. With this function activated.11. If no voltage transformer is installed between generator and busbar. Each set consists of a nominal as well as a primary and secondary voltage value. to match different voltages and frequencies. The AGC holds two sets of nominal settings for the busbar.11. synchronising Running feedback Generator frequency/voltage OK MB closed No generator failure alarms MB ON. which enables the use of a specific set of nominal settings related to a specific application or situation.

and select the nominal settings in the outputs. Menu settings In menu 6006. Select the required input among the input events. meaning: nominal setting 1 (6001 to 6005) will follow the GOV/AVR offset in 2550. it may be desirable to increase the nominal power and current settings to achieve increased tolerance regarding the protections. parameter settings 2 See the "Help" file in the PC utility software for details. it is the rental industry that makes use of the possibility to switch nominal parameter settings. AOP M-Logic is used when the AOP is used to switch between the four sets of nominal settings. in the event of an AMF situation. the primary and secondary side values can be set to generator nominal value. and select the nominal settings in the outputs. and channel 6054 is set to "BB Unom = G Unom". 23 or Not used or Not used Set nom. AOP or menu 6006. where switching in frequency and voltage is required. When using M-Logic. Four nominal settings of GOV/AVR offsets In menu 6006. Digital input M-Logic is used when a digital input is needed to switch between the four sets of nominal settings. For example. Stationary gensets can make use of this feature as well. Select the required AOP push-button among the input events. input no. The feature is very useful with mobile gensets. parameter settings 1 Button08 or Not used or Not used Set nom. 23 or Not used or Not used Set nom. Typically. the selection of nominal setting is made. The nominal setting of GOV/AVR offset will follow the setting in 6006. parameter settings 2 See the "Help" file in the PC utility software for details. input no. any event can be used to activate an automatic switching of nominal parameter sets. the switching between settings 1 to 4 is made simply by choosing the desired nominal setting. Activation Manual switching between the nominal set points can be done in three ways: digital input. Example: Event A Event B Event C Output Dig.Functional descriptions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK If no busbar voltage transformer is present. DEIF A/S Page 74 of 208 . parameter settings 1 Not Dig. Example: Event A Event B Event C Output Button07 or Not used or Not used Set nom.

This makes it possible for the unit to support a wide range of voltage and power values. 3. To be able to handle applications above 25000 V and below 100 V.3 Scaling Default voltage scaling is set to range 100 V to 25000 V (parameter 9030).AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Switching between the two "BB nominal settings" (6050 and 6060) is done in the same way as explained above (channel 6054).11. DEIF A/S Page 75 of 208 . Master password level access is required to change this parameter. it is necessary to adjust the input range so it matches the actual value of the primary voltage transformer.

0 kV All nominal values and the primary VT settings must be corrected after the scaling has been changed in parameter 9030.0 kV 10.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Functional descriptions Changing the voltage scaling will also influence the nominal power scaling: Scaling parameter 9030 Nom.4 kV to 75 kV 0.0 MW 10.0 V 100 V to 25000 V 10 to 20000 kW 100 V to 25000 V 100 V to 25000 V 0.4 kV to 75.00 MW 0.0 V to 2500.0 V 10.0 V to 2500.0 kV to 160. settings 1 to 4 (voltage) will change according to parameter 9030 Transformer ratio settings parameters 6041. settings 1 to 4 (power) will change according to parameter 9030 Nom.0 kV to 160. DEIF A/S Page 76 of 208 .4 kV to 75. 6051 and 6053 10 V to 2500 V 1.0 kW 10.00 kV 10 kV to 160 kV 1.00 kV 0.10 to 90.0 to 900.0 to 900.

Moves the cursor left for manoeuvring in the menus. 2. DEIF A/S Page 77 of 208 . Display dimensions are H x W = 115 x 220 mm (4. In the daily use display. the unit menu structure will be presented. Display unit and menu structure 4. 5. Selects the underscored entry in the fourth line of the display. 3.2 Display unit (DU-2) The display has four different lines.528” x 9.2.0 Hz G 0. Push 2 sec. Shifts the first line displaying in the setup menus.1 Push-button functions The display unit holds a number of push-button functions which are described below: 1 2 3 4 Automatic Gen-set Controller Alarm Power Self check ok multi-line AGC Alarm 15 14 INFO JUMP G-L1 50. Moves the cursor right for manoeuvring in the menus. 4. Changes the menu line (line four) in the display to mode selection. this button function is used for scrolling the View lines in V1 or the second line (in the setup menu) displaying of generator values.90I PF SETUP Run 13 START 12 STOP SEMI-AUTO AMF V1 400V 150kW V2 On V3 Alarm Inh. In the daily use display.Display unit and menu structure AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 4. 8.1 Presentation This chapter deals with the display unit including the push-button and LED functions. each with 20 characters. 7. Decreases the value of the selected setpoint (in the setup menu). this button function is used for scrolling the second line displaying of generator values. Jumps one step backwards in the menu (to previous display or to the entry window). In addition. and holds a number of push-button functions. 4.055”). VIEW 5 SEL LOG 6 Auto On Load BACK G MODE 11 10 9 8 7 1. 6. to switch to master display in case more than one display is connected. Inreases the value of the selected setpoint (in the setup menu). 4.

10. Stop of the genset if "SEMI-AUTO" or "MANUAL" is selected. MODE 8 7 6 5 LED indicates that the auxiliary supply is switched on. 7. 3.0 Hz G 0. 14. LED is flashing green when the mains returns during the "mains OK delay" time. 4. LED green light indicates that the voltage/frequency is present and OK. Displays the LOG SETUP window where you can choose between the Event. Shifts the display three lower lines to show the alarm list. LED fixed light indicates that ALL alarms are acknowledged. 15. 11.90I PF SETUP Run V1 400V 150kW V2 On Alarm Inh. The colour is green or red or a combination in different situations. LED indicates that auto mode is selected. 12.2 LED functions The display unit holds 10 LED functions. Manual activation of close breaker and open breaker sequence if "SEMI-AUTO" is selected. LED is flashing yellow if the "Enable GB black close" or the "GB spring loaded" signal is missing or the GB load time has not expired. LED yellow light indicates that the generator breaker has received a command to close on a black bus. 5. 3 VIEW SEL LOG V3 Auto On START 4 Load BACK STOP G 9 1.Display unit and menu structure AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 9. Manual activation of close breaker and open breaker sequence if "SEMI-AUTO" is selected. but the breaker is not yet closed due to interlocking of the GB. 8. LED indicates that the mains breaker is closed. LED indicates that the generator is running. 2. DEIF A/S Page 78 of 208 . LED is flashing yellow if the "MB spring loaded" signal from the breaker is missing or the MB load time has not expired. The display LEDs are indicating as follows: Automatic Gen-set Controller Alarm Power 10 1 2 Self check ok multi-line AGC Alarm INFO JUMP SEMI-AUTO AMF G-L1 50. LED indicates that the unit is OK. The JUMP button enables the user to select and display any setting without having to navigate through the menus (see later). 6. LED flashing indicates that unacknowledged alarms are present. Alarm and Battery logs. 9. 10. The logs are not deleted when the auxiliary supply is switched off. LED is green if the mains is present and OK. but some are still present. Please refer to "Alarm inhibit" in the chapter "Additional functions". LED is red at a measured mains failure. LED green light indicates that the generator breaker is closed. Enters a specific menu number selection. 13. Start of the genset if "SEMI-AUTO" or "MANUAL" is selected.2. 4. All settings have a specific number attached to them.

The priority "P00". and if the user needs detailed information that is not available in the view menu system.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure 4.1 Entry window When the unit is powered up. DEIF A/S Page 79 of 208 . The event and alarm list will appear at power up if an alarm is present. shown in the lower right corner. Setup menu system This menu system is used for setting up the unit. Changing of parameter settings is password protected. is related to the power management option G4 and G5. It can always be reached by pressing the BACK pushbutton three times. an entry window appears. 4.3. The entry window is the turning point in the menu structure and as such the gateway to the other menus. 15 windows are configurable and can be entered by using the arrow push-buttons.3 Menu structure The display includes two menu systems which can be used without password entry: View menu system This is the commonly used menu system.

3. DEIF A/S Page 80 of 208 . 2. and push-buttons. 3. ● ● ● ● Setup menu – access to the following sub-menus: ● Protection setup ● Control setup ● I/O setup ● System setup View 3 – window displays operational status and selectable measurements View 2 – window displays selectable measurements. . Automatic Gen-set Controller multi-line AGC G 1 3 SETUP 4 1. V2 and V3) are the most commonly used menus of the unit. The same as view 1 View 1 – access to up to 15 selectable windows displaying selectable measurements The factory settings for view 1 and view 2 are identical. Moving the cursor left or right offers the following possibilities.2 View menu The view menus (V1. 4. The menu navigating starts from the fourth display line in the entry window and is carried out using the . 400 400 G-L1 50 Hz G-L1 50 Hz 2 V3 400V 440V 440V V2 V1 First display line: Operational status or measurements Second display line: Measurements relating to operational status Third display line: Measurements relating to operational status Fourth display line: Selection of setup and view menus In the view menus various measured values are on display. The entry window above displays view 1.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure 4.

Second display line (Daily use) Various values can be displayed (Menu system) Information about the selected channel number (Alarm/event list) The latest alarm/event is displayed 3.g.3 Setup menu The setup menu system is used for parameter setup of the unit. Automatic Gen-set Controller multi-line AGC 1 G 400 400 400V f-L1 50.Fourth display line (Daily use) Entry selection for the setup menu.3.Third display line (Daily use) (Setup menu) Explanation for the fourth line cursor selection Presents setting of the selected function. e. and min.00HZ 2 3 4 PROTECTION SETUP PROT CTRL I/O SYST 1. values for the setting 4.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure 4.First display line (Daily use) The first line is used to display generator and bus values 2. limit DEIF A/S Page 81 of 208 . The menu is entered from the entry window by selecting the entry SETUP in the fourth display line. this menu can be used for both daily use and setup purposes. So. if changes are made. the possible max. Press SEL to enter the underscored menu (Setup menu) Sub-functions for the individual parameters. and. and if the user needs detailed information that is not available in the view menu system.

weekly (kWh) Energy counter.0deg BB-G Ang -180.) Voltage angle between L3-L1 (deg. daily (kWh) Energy counter. total (kWh) Energy counter.) Voltage angle between L2-L3 (deg. weekly (kWh) Energy counter. apparent power (kVA) Mains apparent power (kVA) Power factor Power factor Voltage angle between L1-L2 (deg.0deg BB-M Ang -180.) M U-Max (voltage max. reactive power (kVAr) Mains reactive power (kVAr) Gen.) Voltage angle between L1-L2 (deg.) Voltage angle between L3-L1 (deg.) Voltage angle between L2-L3 (deg.) BB U-L1N BB U-L1N BB U-L2N BB U-L2N BB U-L3N BB U-L3N BB U-L1L2 BB U-L1L2 BB U-L2L3 BB U-L2L3 BB U-L3L1 BB U-L3L1 BB U-MAX BB U-MAX BB U-Min BB U-Min BB f-L1 BB f-L1 BB AngL1L2-180.0deg BB AngL1L2-180. monthly (kWh) Energy counter.) G U-Min (voltage min.0deg U-Supply (power supply V DC) U-Supply (power supply V DC) Energy counter.) M U-Min (voltage min. voltage L1-N (V) Gen.) DEIF A/S Page 82 of 208 . active power (kW) Mains active power (kW) Gen. active power (kW) Gen. monthly (kWh) G U-L1N (voltage L1-N) M U-L1N (voltage L1-N) G U-L2N (voltage L2-N) M U-L2N (voltage L2-N) G U-L3N (voltage L3-N) M U-L3N (voltage L3-N) G U-L1L2 (voltage L1-L2) M U-L1L2 (voltage L1-L2) G U-L2L3 (voltage L2-L3) M U-L2L3 (voltage L2-L3) G U-L3L1 (voltage L3-L1) M U-L3L1 (voltage L3-L1) G U-Max (voltage max. daily (kWh) Energy counter.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure Possible values in second display line View line/second display line configuration For generator For bus/mains G f-L1 frequency L1 (Hz) M f-L1 frequency L1 (Hz) G f-L2 frequency L2 (Hz) M f-L2 frequency L2 (Hz) G f-L3 frequency L3 (Hz) M f-L3 frequency L3 (Hz) Gen. total (kWh) Energy counter.

(absolute run time) Run rel. (relative run time) Next prio (next priority shift) Run ShtD O (shutdown override run time) Mains power A102 P TB A105 Number of GB operations Number of TB operations Start attempts P available P available P mains P mains P DGs tot P DGs tot Number of MB operations Number of MB operations Service timer 1 Service timer 2 MPU Multi-input 1 Multi-input 1 Multi-input 2 Multi-input 2 Multi-input 3 Multi-input 3 Battery asym 1 Battery asym 1 Battery asym 2 Battery asym 2 Power factor Power factor Cos Phi Cos Phi Cos Phi reference (current) Cos Phi reference (current) Power reference (actual) Power reference (current) Power reference (current) Active PID regulator DEIF A/S Page 83 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure View line/second display line configuration G I-L1 (current L1) M I-L1 (current L1) G I-L2 (current L2) M I-L2 (current L2) G I-L3 (current L3) M I-L3 (current L3) Run abs.

00HZ PROTECTION SETUP PROT CTRL I/O SYST BACK G 400 400 400V 1000 G -P> 1 Setpoint -5.00. 2010 Increase no.0% SP DEL OA OB ENA FC Setup example The following example illustrates how a specific setting is changed in the setup menu.0% SP DEL OA OB ENA FC SP DEL OA OB ENA FC BACK First entry YES G 400 400 400V Enter passw. G 400 400 400V G f-L1 50.35.0% SAVE Increases setting Decreases setting Moves the cursor Page 84 of 208 .0 RESET DEIF A/S -5.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure Setup structure AGC V. In this case Reverse power is the selected parameter.00HZ G 400 400 400V f-L1 50.54 SETUP V3 V2 V1 SEL BACK G 400 400 400V f-L1 50.0% G 400 400 400V 1010 G -P> 2 Setpoint -5.0 2010-01-02 09. Decrease no.00HZ SYSTEM SETUP PROT CTRL I/O SYST SEL BACK G 400 400 400V G 400 400 400V G 400 400 400V CONTROL SETUP SYNCHRONISE SETUP INPUT/OUTPUT SETUP BINARY INPUT SETUP SYSTEM SETUP GENERAL SETUP SYNC REG BIN AIN OUT GEN MAINS COMM PM -5.00HZ G 400 400 400V f-L1 50. ENTER NO G 400 400 400V 1001 G -P> 1 -50.4.00HZ CONTROL SETUP INPUT/OUTPUT SETUP PROTECTION SETUP PROT CTRL I/O SYST PROT SEL BACK I/O SYST PROT SEL BACK G 400 400 400V 1000 G -P> 1 Setpoint CTRL CTRL BACK I/O SYST SEL G 400 400 400V f-L1 50.0 0.

When starting in manual mode. the fourth display line indicates the selectable modes. This can be done via the push-button functions. The genset will shut down if block mode is selected while the genset is running. Semi-auto In semi-auto mode the operator has to initiate all sequences. the genset will start without any subsequent regulation. the underscored (fourth line) selection will be displayed.g. Test The test sequence will start when the test mode is selected. the display returns to the original text without changing the mode. e. Modbus commands or digital inputs. 4.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure 4. When started in semi-automatic mode. the binary increase/decrease inputs can be used (if they have been configured) as well as the start and stop push-buttons. After pushing "MODE". Block When the block mode is selected. the unit is not able to initiate any sequences. the start sequence. Auto In auto mode the unit will operate automatically. and the operator cannot initiate any sequences manually. DEIF A/S Page 85 of 208 . Two possibilities are now available: If "BACK" is pushed. Manual When manual mode is selected. the genset will run at nominal values.5 Mode selection The following drawings illustrate how the mode selection is carried out. Block mode must be selected when maintenance work is carried out on the genset. In the third display line. Pushing the MODE push-button will change the displayed text. For detailed information see chapter "Application".4 Mode overview The unit has four different running modes and one block mode.

push AGC MODE 13:45:18 V2 V 4. the underlined mode is selected.00HZ SEMI-AUTO MODE PROT CTRL I/O SYST SEMI TST AUT MAN SEL BLK Page 86 of 208 . push AGC V 4. 3. push AGC V 4.0 2010-01-02 13:45:18 SEMI-AUTO MODE V1 SEMI TST AUT MAN BACK BLK or 1. In this example the SEMI-AUTO mode is selected.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure 1.00.0 2010-01-02 SETUP MENU SETUP V3 2. push G 0 0 0V F-L1 0. push AGC MODE 13:45:18 V2 V 4.00.0 2010-01-02 SETUP MENU SETUP V3 4. and the display returns to the original text.00HZ PROTECTION SETUP F-L1 0.00HZ SEMI-AUTO MODE PROT CTRL I/O SYST SEMI TST AUT MAN BACK BLK If "SEL" is pushed.00. push G 0 0 0V 2. push G DEIF A/S 0 0 0V MODE 4.00.00HZ PROTECTION SETUP F-L1 0. push G MODE 0 0 0V F-L1 0.0 2010-01-02 13:45:18 SEMI-AUTO MODE V1 SEMI TST AUT MAN SEL BLK or 3.

the PC utility software must be used. To do so. All levels can be adjusted in the PC software.1 Password The unit includes three password levels.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure 4. Enter the parameter to be configured and select the correct password level. DEIF A/S Page 87 of 208 . But the settings can be displayed without password entry. Each parameter can be protected by a specific password level.6. Available password levels: Password level Factory setting Access Customer Service Customer 2000 X Service 2001 X X Master 2002 X X Master X A parameter cannot be entered with a password that is ranking too low.6 Password 4.

4. DEIF A/S Page 88 of 208 . The factory passwords must be changed if the operator of the genset is not allowed to change the parameters.6. it is not possible to enter the parameters. The customer password can be changed in jump menu 9116.2 Parameter access To gain access to adjust the parameters. The master password can be changed in jump menu 9118.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Display unit and menu structure The password level can also be changed from the parameter view in the column "Level". It is not possible to change the password at a higher level than the password entered. the password level must be entered: If the password level is not entered. The service password can be changed in jump menu 9117.

Normally. obviously. Running feedback When the digital running feedback is active. DEIF A/S Page 89 of 208 . If it is not possible to activate the run status alarms at low revolutions. But if the starter motor has to disengage at 400 RPM. then the digital control inputs for running detection or remove starter can be used. The start sequence is deactivated when the remove starter event occurs or when the running feedback is present. RPM RPM 1000 600 Running Oil pressure Remove starter 400 t 5. An example of a critical alarm is the oil pressure alarm. it is configured according to the shutdown fail class. the remove starter function must be used. then.1. Additional functions 5. The reason for having two possibilities to deactivate the start relay is to be able to delay the alarms with run status. and the oil pressure does not reach a level above the shutdown setpoint before 600 RPM. the start relay is deactivated and the starter motor will be disengaged. the genset would shut down if the specific alarm was activated at the preset 400 RPM.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 5.1 Digital feedbacks If an external running relay is installed.1 Start functions The unit will start the genset when the start command is given. In that case. the running feedback must be activated at a higher number of revolutions than 600 RPM.

RPM RPMNOM RPM Run.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK RPM RPMNOM RPM Run. At the running speed. Remove starter When the digital remove starter input is present. 5. the specific level of revolutions for deactivation of the start relay can be adjusted.2 Analogue tacho feedback When a magnetic pick-up (MPU) is being used.1. the digital running feedback is activated. frequency measurement above 32 Hz. The remove starter input must be configured from a number of available digital inputs. feedback t Firing speed The diagram illustrates how the digital running feedback (terminal 117) is activated when the engine has reached its firing speed. feedback Remove starter t Firing speed Running The diagram illustrates how the remove starter input is activated when the engine has reached its firing speed. DEIF A/S Page 90 of 208 . The running feedback is detected by either the digital input (see diagram above). RPM measured by magnetic pick-up or EIC (option H5/H7). the start relay is deactivated and the starter motor will be disengaged.

feedback.). DEIF A/S Page 91 of 208 . menu 4301 Remove starter. 5.1. The terminal in question must be configured as a VDO input for oil pressure measurement. 105 and 108 can be used for the detection of running feedback. The factory setting is 1000 RPM (6170 Running detect. menu 6161 t Firing speed Running The number of teeth on the flywheel must be adjusted in menu 6170 when the MPU input is used. RPM RPMNOM RPM Run. feedback.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Running feedback The diagram below shows how the running feedback is detected at the firing speed level. When the oil pressure increases above the adjusted value (6175 Pressure level) then the running feedback is detected and the start sequence is ended. The factory setting is 400 RPM (6170 Running detect. Adjust this value to a lower value to avoid damage of the starter motor. Remove starter input The drawing below shows how the setpoint of the remove starter is detected at the firing speed level.3 Oil pressure The multi-inputs on terminals 102. menu 4301 t Firing speed Notice that the factory setting of 1000 RPM is higher than the RPM level of starter motors of typical design. RPM RPMNOM RPM Run.).

DEIF A/S Page 92 of 208 . the AGC will only use the close breaker relays. Continuous NE is a normally energised signal.). When using this type of signal. and Continuous ND is a normally deenergised signal. menu 6161 t Firing speed Running The remove starter function can use the MPU or a digital input. The open relay can be used for other purposes. Continuous NE and Continuous ND This type of signal is most often used combined with a contactor. RPM / Oil pressure RPMNOM RPM Run detection Oil pressure menu 6175 Remove starter. The relay will be closed for closing of the contactor and will be opened for opening of the contactor.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Running feedback RPM / Oil pressure RPMNOM RPM Run detection Oil pressure menu 6175 t Firing speed Remove starter input The drawing below shows how the setpoint of the "remove starter input" is detected at the firing speed level.2 Breaker types There are five possible selections for the setting of breaker type for both mains breaker and generator breaker. 5. The factory setting is 400 RPM (6170 Running detect.

On the AGC mains unit (option G5). If compact breaker is selected. Compact This type of signal will most often be used combined with a compact breaker. The close breaker relay will close for a short time for the compact breaker to close. the stop sequence is executed and the GB is opened. it is recharged automatically before next closing. This can be done in menu 2160/2200. the GB will give a GB close failure as the GB needs time to load the spring before it is ready to close.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Pulse This type of signal is most often used combined with circuit breaker. but the breaker is not controlled by the AGC. The close breaker relay will close for a short time for closing of the circuit breaker. 2.3 Breaker spring load time To avoid breaker close failures in situations where breaker ON command is given before the breaker spring has been loaded. If the compact breaker is tripped externally. After the breaker has been opened it will not be allowed to close again before the configured inputs are active. Different breaker types are used. The open breaker relay will close for a short time for opening of the breaker. If the auto start/stop input is activated again before the stop sequence is finished. The inputs are configured in the ML-2 utility software. The genset is in auto mode. both requirements are to be met before closing of the breaker is allowed. a direct controlled motor driven breaker. After the breaker has been opened it will not be allowed to close again before the delay has expired. Digital input Two configurable inputs to be used for feedbacks from the breakers: One for GB/TB spring loaded and one for MB spring loaded. Breaker LED indication To alert the user that the breaker close sequence has been initiated but is waiting for permission to give the close command. the spring load time can be adjusted for GB/TB and MB. The breaker off relay will close for the compact breaker to open and hold it closed long enough for the motor in the breaker to recharge the breaker. With the setting compact the AGC will use the close command and the open command relay. If the two solutions are used together. 2. External/ATS no control This type of signal is used to indicate the position of the breaker. DEIF A/S Page 93 of 208 . With the setting pulse the AGC will use the close command and the open command relay. the length of breaker open signal can be adjusted. The auto start/stop input is deactivated. the spring load feedback from the tie breaker can be connected instead of the GB spring load feedback. 5. 7080 and 8190. The following describes a situation where you risk getting a close failure: 1. The setpoints are found in menus 6230. Timer-controlled A load time setpoint for the GB/TB and MB control for breakers with no feedback indicating that the spring is loaded. the auto start/stop input is active. When the timers are counting. 3. the genset is running and the GB is closed. and therefore there are two available solutions: 1. the remaining time is shown in the display. the LED indication for the breaker will be flashing yellow in this case.

depending on the breaker type.g. because the spring load time must expire (or the digital input must be activated . GB closed GB open Auto Start/stop ON Auto Start/stop OFF t [sec] Spring load time DEIF A/S Page 94 of 208 . This can be controlled through timers in the AGC or through digital feedbacks from the breaker. e.not shown in this example). then the AGC can take this delay into account. by the operator through a switch in the switchboard.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions If the breaker needs time to reload the spring after it has opened. Then the AGC issues the close signal. However. The AUTO start/stop is reactivated immediately after the GB has opened.3. This is what happens: When the AUTO start/stop input deactivates. the AGC waits a while before it issues the close signal again. the GB opens. 5.1 Principle The diagram shows an example where a single AGC in island mode is controlled by the AUTO start/stop input.

there is a dropdown window where it is possible to select which signals that have to be present in order to inhibit the alarm. DEIF A/S Page 95 of 208 . The inhibit functionality is only available via the PC utility software.4 Alarm inhibit In order to select when the alarms are to be active. For each alarm.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. a configurable inhibit setting for each alarm has been made.

Here.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Selections for alarm inhibit: Function Description Inhibit 1 M-logic outputs: Conditions are programmed in M-logic Inhibit 2 Inhibit 3 GB ON (TB ON) The generator breaker is closed GB OFF (TB ON) The generator breaker is open Run status Running detected and the timer in menu 6160 expired Not run status Running not detected or the timer in menu 6160 not expired Generator voltage > 30% Generator voltage is above 30% of nominal Generator voltage < 30% Generator voltage is below 30% of nominal MB ON The mains breaker is closed MB OFF The mains breaker is open Parallel Both GB and MB are closed Not parallel Either GB or MB is closed. In this example. Inhibit of the alarm is active as long as one of the selected inhibit functions is active. inhibit is set to Not run status and GB ON. When the generator has been synchronised to the busbar. the alarm will be disabled again. the alarm will be active when the generator has started. DEIF A/S Page 96 of 208 . but not both The timer in 6160 is not used if binary running feedback is used. The inhibit LED on the unit and on the display will activate when one of the inhibit functions is active.

5 Access lock The purpose of access lock is to deny the operator the possibility to configure the unit parameters and change the running modes. alarms with Run status will be activated.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Function inputs such as running feedback. 5. changes from the display cannot be made. Access lock will typically be activated from a key switch installed behind the door of the switchboard cabinet. The operator does not have the possibilitiy to change anything. The input to be used for the access lock function is defined in the ML-2 PC utility software (USW). It is possible to read alarms. so the only inhibit functions are the binary input and the TB position. timers and the state of inputs in the service menu (9120). When the delay expires.1 Run status (6160) Alarms can be adjusted to activate only when the running feedback is active and a specific time delay has expired.4. Only alarm inputs can be inhibited. DEIF A/S Page 97 of 208 . The tie breaker unit has no running detection that can be configured. a run status delay will expire. 5. Access lock will only lock the display and will not lock any AOP or digital input. If there is an AOP-2. or a generator placed in a critical power segment. tRUN Run. the operator will still be able to change up to 8 different predefined things. As soon as access lock is activated. Nothing can be changed from the display. feedback t Alarms active The timer is ignored if digital running feedback is used. It will still be possible to read all parameters. remote start or access lock are never inhibited. but not any alarms when access lock is activated. The diagram below illustrates that after activation of the running feedback. AOP can be locked by using M-Logic. This function is ideal for a rental generator.

The purpose of this function is to let an external device or an operator control the mains return sequence. MB t t GB t The diagram shows that when the generator breaker is synchronised. For safety reasons it is recommended to install an emergency stop switch. Later the mains breaker is synchronised. 5. be a PLC. The same time delay is used for both generator and mains breaker synchronisation.10 seconds are used. The time delay typed in the setpoint is a maximum time. This means that if 0. If the function is used in a Power Management (option G5) application. Besides these settings it is possible to configure a digital input that can be used to control the mains return sequence. 5. the mains breaker will be opened automatically after a time delay (t). the two breakers will never be closed at the same time for a longer delay than the setpoint.7 Digital mains breaker control The unit will normally execute the automatic mains failure sequence based on the settings adjusted in the system setup. The time delay is measured in seconds and can be adjusted from 0. and the generator breaker is opened after the time delay (t).Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK The stop push-button is not active in semi-auto mode when the access lock is activated. This input is the "mains OK" input.g.6 Overlap The purpose of the overlap function is to be able to define a maximum paralleling time between the generator and the mains supply.10 to 99. AOP buttons are not locked when access lock is activated. DEIF A/S Page 98 of 208 . then the overlap will occur between the mains breaker and the tie breaker on the AGC mains. The external device can e. The function is typically used if there are local requirements to maximum allowed paralleling time. The short time parallel function is set up in 2760 Overlap. The overlap function is only available in the automatic mains failure and load takeover genset modes.90 seconds.

TU. it needs to be activated (by a pulse) in order to initiate the mains return sequence. load takeover. FR. start and stop the genset automatically at specific times each weekday or certain weekdays. If auto mode is activated. TU. TU. the "Auto start/stop" command can be programmed in M-logic or in the input settings. The load will continue on generator supply if the input is not activated. mains power export and fixed power operation.g. SA. WE. this function is available in island operation. Each command timer can be set for the following time periods: ● ● ● ● ● Individual days (MO. WE. TH. Up to four command timers can be used for e. FR. TH. WE. FR MO. WE. SU SA. SU To start in AUTO mode. Mains OK No MB input configured Yes Mains OK delay Expired MB control input No No ON Yes Yes MB and GB operation Sequence 5. TH. TH MO. The command timers are available in M-logic and can be used for other purposes than starting and stopping the genset automatically.g.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions The flowchart below shows that if the input is configured. The mains OK delay is not used at all when the "Mains OK" input is configured. start and stop. TU. DEIF A/S Page 99 of 208 .8 Command timers The purpose of the command timers is to be able to e. SU) MO. SA. The time-dependent commands are flags that are raised when the command timer is in the active period.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. but no alarm will appear.9 Running output 6160 Run status can be adjusted to give a digital output when the genset is running. Change the relay function to limit in the I/O menu. Then the relay will activate. Select the correct relay number in output A and output B and enable the function. DEIF A/S Page 100 of 208 .

In case the frequency drops or rises due to instability of the mains. The power set point will be reduced with greater mains frequency and increased when the mains frequency is lower than specified. the curve for frequency-dependent droop is made to compensate the power set point. there is a deviation of 1. With a nominal frequency of 50 Hz and an actual frequency of 51.10.10 Frequency-dependent droop 5.1 Frequency-dependent droop This droop function is a mains aid function. DEIF A/S Page 101 of 208 . The genset will then droop to 400 kW according to the below diagram. Example: This example and diagram is based on the parameters from the table below. It can be used when the genset is running parallel to the mains in the following modes: "Fixed power".AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions If the relay function is not changed to "limit" function. 5. "Mains power export" and "Peak shaving".5 Hz which is equal to a 3 % deviation from the nominal setting. an alarm will appear at every running situation.5 Hz.

the droop is performed based on 200 kW as the "Fixed Power Setpoint" stated in the diagram. 7123 1 HYSL[%] Hysteresis low in percentages of nominal frequency. The setting determines the increase/decrease of power reference per percentage the actual frequency drops below nominal frequency. 7131 150 MIN[kW] Minimum output of droop handling. Maximum output of droop handling. 7124 1 HYSH[%] Hysteresis high in percentages of nominal frequency. Enable droop curve function. 7122 2 DBH[%] Deadband high in percentages of nominal frequency. This droop function is performed based on the actual value for the power set point in the moment the droop is activated. 7134 -50 SLPH[kW/%] Slope high. DEIF A/S Page 102 of 208 .Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK P [KW] MAX DBH HYSH SLPL Fixed Power Setpoint SLPH HYSL DBL MIN (Fnom-fact)*100/fact [%] 10% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% The curve can be designed inside MIN/MAX [kW] area. Menu Settings Name Description 7051 450 kW 7121 2 DBL[%] Deadband low in percentages of nominal frequency. If HYSL is set above DBL. If HYSH is set above DBH. 7132 900 MAX[kW] 7133 50 SLPL[kW/%] Slope low. 7143 ON Enable Fixed power set point. the hysteresis high is disabled. If the function for an example is activated during ramping and the actual power value at this moment is 200 kW. The setting determines the increase/decrease of power reference per percentage the actual frequency rises above nominal frequency. the hysteresis low is disabled.

which refers to Pnom. It is possible to enable offsets in M-Logic. In order to prevent a new situation with faulty mains. The adjusted fixed power setpoint will be limited to be inside the values in menu 7023 "Minimum load". then only 50 % of the slope values will be used.1[%/s] Ramp down speed 2 Slope of ramp 2 when ramping down (not used for deload) 2624 ON Auto ramp selection Activate or disable automatic selection of secondary ramps 5. For example. the secondary pair of ramps will be used during frequency-dependent power droop. The enabled cos phi offsets will be added/subtracted from the fixed cos phi setpoint in menu 7052. if a DG of nominal 1000 kW is producing 500 kW when droop is activated. This is not the PF value displayed in the display. 5. If "Auto ramp selection" is disabled. To achieve a nominal droop of 40 % per Hz. it is only possible to activate the secondary ramps using M-Logic.1[%/s] Ramp up speed 2 Slope of ramp 2 when ramping up 2623 0. If the hysteresis is disabled. it may be advantageous to use slower ramps in or after a situation with an unstable mains. The cos phi offsets can be set in menu 7241-7245.1 Power offsets This function is for making a power offset from Pnom. When drooping. the power set point is waiting to be restored until the frequency is within the hysteresis limits. The values in 7052-7055 set the cos phi. compared to the specified nominal power. It is possible to enable offsets via M-Logic. and the specified power set point is reached. the actual slope will be experienced as 100 kW/%. DEIF A/S Page 103 of 208 . Menu Default Name Description 2616 0.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions The slopes (7133/7134) are used. where offsets can be used as an event or an output where offsets can be activted or deactivated. cos phi and PF are only equal if it is a true sinusoidal wave. the slopes will be scaled based on size of the actual power at the droop start. When the mains is starting to recover and the frequency is heading towards the nominal settings. and maximum value is Pnom.11. 3 offsets are available. Parameters used for the secondary ramps are stated in the table below.11 Power and cos phi offsets 5. The adjusted fixed cos phi setpoint will be limited to be inside the values in menu 7171 "Cos phi (x2)". If DG then only is producing 500 kW when droop is activated. The secondary ramps will automatically be disabled again when the frequency-dependent power droop is no longer active. a 1000 kW (50 Hz) DG should be configured with slopes of 200 kW/%. where offsets can be used as an event or an output where offsets can be activated or deactivated.11. The enabled power offsets will be added/subtracted from the fixed power setpoint in menu 7051.2 Cos phi offsets This function is for making a power offset from Pnom. and maximum value is in menu 7173 "Cos phi (x2)". the power set point will simply be restored using the slope. 3 offsets are available. as long as the mains frequency has a direction away from nominal settings. If "Auto ramp selection" is enabled (channel 2624). The offset can be set in menu 7220-7225.

X) 4-20 mA Multi-input (M16. 200ºC). 5. it will be necessary to reduce the power of the genset. 5. Refer to the type label for information about engine interface selection. If the ambient temperature increases to a level where the cooling water coolers decrease in cooling capacity. Oil temp. DEIF A/S Page 104 of 208 . The first curve active will derate the genset to the adjusted setpoint. The derate function is typically used when cooling problems are expected. alarms and shutdown events will very likely occur.12. M-Logic Select the needed inputs in 6240-6250-6260 Power derate.12. Up to three derate curves can be made to derate the genset independent of each other.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. An example of such a condition is the ambient temperature.X) EIC (only with option H5/H7/H13) Water temp.X) 0-5V DC 4-20 mA Pt100 External analogue input (H8.1 Input selection The derate function can be configured to one of the following inputs: Input Comment Multi-input 102 (slot #7) 0-40V DC 4-20 mA Pt100/1000 VDO Digital Multi-input 105 (slot #7) Multi-input 108 (slot #7) Analogue input (M15.12 Derate genset The purpose of the derate function is to be able to reduce the maximum output power of the genset if specific conditions require this. The setting can be in mA (max. If the genset is not derated. 20 mA) or in centigrades ºC (max.2 Derate parameters The parameters that define the derate characteristics are the following: Start derate point (6240/6250/6260 Power derate) This is the setting where the derating must start.

then the derating will be in %/C.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Slope (6243/6253/6263 Power derate) Adjust the derating speed. The drawing above shows the inverse characteristic. DEIF A/S Page 105 of 208 . i.12. P PNOM PLIMIT mA 0 10 16 20 Start derate 5. Derate limit (6246/6256/6266 Power derate) This is the lowest derate level. then the derating will be in %/mA. if the 4-20 mA input is used. The proportional characteristic is illustrated below. The adjustment is in percent per unit.e. Be aware that the 4-20 mA input can be configured with different minimum and maximum settings. and if the Pt100/Pt1000/VDO input is used. In this case the settings "start derate point" and "slope" use these new settings.3 Derate characteristic It can be selected whether the characteristic of the derating should be proportional or inverse proportional.

13 Idle running The purpose of the idle run function is to change the start and stop sequences to allow the genset to operate under low temperature conditions. It has to be noted that the governor itself must handle the idle speed based on a digital signal from the unit (see the principle diagram below). The function is typically used in installations where the genset is exposed to low temperatures which could generate starting problems or damage the genset.1 Description The function is enabled and configured in 6290 Idle running. The main purpose of the function is to prevent the genset from stopping. One timer is used in the start sequence. It is possible to use the idle run function with or without timers. DEIF A/S Page 106 of 208 . and one timer is used in the stop sequence. The derate characteristic is selected in 6240/6250/6260 Power derate Setting OFF: Setting ON: Inverse characteristic Proportional characteristic 5.13. The timers are available to make the function flexible. Two timers are available. The speed governor must be prepared for the idle run function if this function is to be used. 5.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK P PNOM PLIMIT mA 0 10 Start increase 16 20 The genset is derated when the control value is lower than the setpoint (in the example above the control value is an mA signal).

the genset will start. Input Description 1 Low speed input This input is used to change between idle speed and nominal speed.it is only a selection between idle and nominal speed.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK When the function is enabled.2 Examples Idle speed during starting and stopping In this example both the start and the stop timers are activated. 2 Temperature control input When this input is activated. The input must be configured through the PC software at commissioning. The start and stop sequences are changed in order to let the genset stay at the idle level before speeding up. It also decreases the speed to the idle level for a specified delay time before stopping. Start/stop gen-set High/low speed selection Low speed input relay Idle run input Multi-line 2 GOVERNOR Temperature control input Actuator 5.13. If the idle run function is selected by means of timer. Notice that this is option-dependent. DEIF A/S Page 107 of 208 . Turbo chargers not originally prepared for operating in the low speed area can be damaged if the genset is running in "idle run" for too long. the low speed input is overruled. two digital inputs are used for control purposes: No. One extra relay output must be available on the unit. It will not be able to stop as long as this input is activated. This input does not prevent the genset from stopping .

If the genset is to be prevented from stopping. both timers must be deactivated. and subsequently the genset will regulate to nom.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions RPM 1500 tSTART tSTOP 300 t Start Stop Idle speed with a digital input configured to low speed In this example. then the digital input "temp control" must be left ON at all times. In that case the characteristic looks like this: RPM 1500 300 t Start Stop The oil pressure alarm (VDO oil) will be enabled during idle run if set to "ON". values. DEIF A/S Page 108 of 208 . The idle speed with low speed activated will run in idle speed until the low speed input is deactivated.

13. See the settings below. Once the temperature reaches 110 degrees. 4602 and 4610) and one M-Logic line. 5.3 Configuration of digital input The digital input is configured via the PC software. the unit will automatically ramp up to full speed. When the temperature exceeds the specified value.13. if the coolant temperature is below a specified value. After starting. DEIF A/S Page 109 of 208 .4 Temperature-dependent idle start-up This is an example of how to set up a system that will start up in idle speed. the unit will idle. Example The function is made with delta analogue 1 (menus 4601.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. when the coolant temperature is below 110 degrees. the genset will ramp up to nominal values.

5. 6295 Idle active must be enabled. except for the oil pressure alarms.6 Running signal The running feedback must be activated when the genset is running in idle mode.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions In order for this function to work. 5. Otherwise the low speed function will not work. VDO oil 102. 105 and 108 which are active during "idle run" as well. 5. DEIF A/S Page 110 of 208 .13.13.13.5 Inhibit The alarms that are deactivated by the inhibit function are inhibited in the usual manner.7 Idle speed flowcharts The flowcharts illustrate the starting and stopping of the genset by use of the inputs "temp control" and "low speed". and the relay output must be configured.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5.8 Start Start Auto start/stop ON No Yes Temp control ON No No starting Start the Genset Yes Idle timer on Yes No Timer expired No Start the Genset Lowspeed ON No Yes Yes Genset running at idle speed Genset running at f Nom End DEIF A/S Page 111 of 208 .13.

14 Engine heater This function is used to control the temperature of the engine.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. Output A: The relay output for the engine heater. The setpoints adjusted in menu 6320 are: Setpoint: This setpoint +/.the hysteresis is the start and stop points for the engine heater.13. DEIF A/S Page 112 of 208 . Input type: Multi-input to be used for temperature measurement. A sensor measuring the cooling water temperature is used to activate an external heating system to keep the engine at a minimum temperature.9 Stop Start Auto start/stop OFF No Temp control OFF Yes No Lowspeed ON No Genset running at Nom. speed Yes Idle timer on No Yes Yes Genset running at idle speed No Idle timer expired Yes Genset stop sequence End 5.

a difference will exist between the actual number of periods and the theoretical number of periods. The unit’s internal clock is a timekeeper which is included in the battery backed memory circuit.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Hysteresis: This decides how big a deviation from the setpoint is needed to activate/deactivate the engine heater. The timekeeper function works based on an oscillating crystal instead of zero crossings of the AC measurements. This function can only be used if island operation is selected. 5. 5. due to the dead band setting of the frequency controller. Due to the accuracy of the timekeeper. If this changes.g. The most common example of such equipment is alarm clocks. once every month. Principle diagram: 43°C 37°C Engine heater relay Start attempt DG running The engine heater function is only active when the engine is stopped.15 Master clock The purpose of the master clock is to control the frequency of the genset in order to obtain the correct number of periods. e. it is recommended to synchronise the clock on a regular basis. Equipment that works based on the zero crossings will be affected by the surplus or missing zero crossings.14.1 Engine heater alarm If the temperature keeps dropping after the start setpoint has been exceeded. Enable: Enables the engine heater function. DEIF A/S Page 113 of 208 .g. e. an alarm will be raised if configured in menu 6330. In a 50 Hz system one period lasts 20 ms.

During the test.0. The compensation period starts at the adjusted time. 6404 Compensation Frequency difference when the compensation is initiated. 6402 Stop Stop time. +/.1 Compensation time The time for the compensation can easily be calculated at a given adjustment of 6403 and 6404 (example): ● ● 6403 = 30 seconds 6404 = +/. If a mains failure occurs during the battery test sequence. the battery voltage will decrease.value.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Setting Description Comment 6401 Start Start time. and an alarm will occur if it drops to the setpoint. the test will automatically be interrupted.15. The battery test can be initiated with a digital input and is available when the genset is in semi-auto and auto mode. The compensation period stops at the adjusted time.16 Battery test This function gives the possibility to test the condition of the battery.1 Hz 5. 5. 6405 Enable Enables the function. and the automatic mains failure start up sequence will be activated. 6403 Difference The setpoint in seconds that initiates the compensation. The compensation frequency must be adjusted to a value higher than the dead band setting. DEIF A/S Page 114 of 208 .

The stop relay stays deactivated during the test. once every week. Start relay Stop coil or Run coil Start test DEIF A/S Page 115 of 208 . e. whereas test #2 reaches the alarm setpoint. Otherwise. the test command will be ignored.g. The test is typically used at periodical intervals. The engine must be at a standstill when the test is started. The drawing below shows that when the test is started. the test stops when the battery test alarm occurs.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions UBATTERY tBAT TEST tBAT TEST Alarm Cancel test t Test 1 Test 2 The drawing shows that test #1 is carried out without a large voltage drop of the battery voltage. As there is no reason to wear the battery down even more. the start relay activates making the engine turn. The stop relay will act depending on the coil type: Stop coil: Run coil: The stop relay activates during the test.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

Additional functions

5.16.1 Input configuration
If this function is to be used, it is necessary to configure a digital input that initiates the function. This is done
in the dialogue box below.

If AUTO mode is selected, the mains failure sequence will be initiated if a mains failure occurs
during the battery test.

5.16.2 Auto configuration
If the automatic battery test is used, the function has to be enabled in menu 6420. When the function is enabled, the battery test will be carried out with a specified interval, e.g. once a week. Completed battery tests
will be logged in a separate battery test log.
The factory setting in menu 6424 is 52 weeks. This means that the automatic battery test will be
executed once a year.
If application 3, 6 or 7 is used, it is expected that one of the multi-inputs is used for the battery
test of the starter battery.
It is expected that the multi-inputs used for the battery test are configured to "0-40V DC".

5.16.3 Battery asymmetry (6430 Batt. asymmetry)
The reason for making the battery asymmetry test is to determine if one of the batteries is getting weak. The
battery asymmetry is a combination of measurements and calculations.
Setpoints available:
T1:
RF1:
T2:
RF2:

The input type to be used for calculation of battery asymmetry 1.
Reference of asymmetry measurement no. 1.
The input type to be used for calculation of battery asymmetry 2.
Reference of asymmetry measurement no. 2.

The following seven battery applications are supported. The shown applications are merely examples – the
choice of multi-input (MI) or power supply input is configurable in menu 6410.

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Additional functions

Application 2:

Application 1:

Multi-line 2

Multi-line 2

AUX
MI 2
MI 1
E F

AUX
MI 1
A

E
-

+

A

B
-

+

Start/Manoeuvre
battery

-

+

-

+

-

+

-

+

Start/Manoeuvre
battery

Application 3:

Application 4:

Multi-line 2

Multi-line 2

AUX

AUX
MI 3

MI 1
E

A
-

+

B

B C
-

D

MI 1
E

A

B

- + - +

+

Manoeuvre battery

Start battery

-

+

-

+

Manoeuvre battery
Application 5:
Multi-line 2
AUX
MI 2
MI 1
E F

A

B

-

+

-

+

-

+

-

+

Manoeuvre battery

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Additional functions

Application 6:

Application 7:

Multi-line 2
MI 3
MI 2
MI 1
B C
EF D

AUX
A

Multi-line 2

A

AUX
MI 2
MI 1
E F

MI 3
B C

D

- +

- +

-+

-+

- +

- +

- + - +

- +

- +

-+

-+

- +

- +

- + - +

Manoeuvre battery

Start battery

Manoeuvre battery

Start battery

Looking at battery application 1 as an example:

Application 1:
Multi-line 2
AUX
MI 1
A

E
-

+

B
-

+

Start/Manoeuvre
battery
The power supply measurement is used as the reference RF1 (point A and B) in menu 6432 and multi-input 1
is used as the type T1 (point A and E) in menu 6431. By making these measurements it is possible to calculate the voltage between E and B. This gives a full picture of battery voltages, e.g.:
Measured value A/B (RF1) = 21V DC
Measured value A/E (T1) = 12V DC
Calculated value E/B (RF1 – T1) = 9V DC
Battery asymmetry = E/B – (RF1*1/2) = 9 – (21*1/2) = -1.5V DC
It is expected that the multi-inputs used for the battery asymmetry are configured to "0-40V
DC".
The selection power supply is referring to the supply on terminals 1 and 2.
Battery asymmetry alarm
Alarms for battery asymmetry 1 and 2 are set up in menus 6440 and 6450.
The setpoint in menus 6440 and 6450 is only set in positive values, however, it will also trigger
if the battery asymmetry calculation results in a negative value.

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Additional functions

5.17 Ventilation
This function can be used to control the cooling of the engine. The purpose is to use a multi-input for measuring the cooling water temperature and that way activate an external ventilation system to keep the engine below a maximum temperature. The functionality is shown in the below diagram.
Setpoints available (6460 Max ventilation):
Setpoint:

The limit for activation of the relay set in OA.

Output A (OA):

The relay activated when the setpoint is exceeded.

Hysteresis:

The number of degrees the temperature has to be below the setpoint in order to deactivate the relay set in OA.

Enable:

Enable/disable the ventilation function.

The type of input to use for the temperature measurement is selected in menu 6323 Engine
heater.

95°C

85°C

Relay

5.17.1 Max. ventilation alarm
Two alarms can be set up in menu 6470 and menu 6480 to activate if the temperature keeps rising after the
start setpoint has been reached.

5.18 Summer/winter time
This function is used to make the AGC unit automatically adjust the clock in the unit according to summer and
winter time. The function is enabled in menu 6490.
The function only supports the Danish rules.

5.19 Switchboard error
The switchboard error function is handled in two different menus: 6500 "Block swbd error" and 6510 "Stop
Swbd error". The functions are activated by using one configurable input (switchboard error) which is configured with the PC utility software

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the genset will trip the breaker. are blocked when the input is active. Fail class: The fail class of the alarm. Parallel: OFF: Only AMF start sequence is blocked when the input is active. ON: All start sequences.2 Stop swbd error (menu 6510) When activated. 5. Output B: Relay to activate when the delay has expired. The function is set up in menu 6540. Output B: Relay to activate when the delay has expired.19. cool down and stop. Output A: Relay to activate when the delay has expired. 5. Enable: Enable/disable the alarm function. regardless of running mode. this function will stop the genset if the genset is running in Auto mode. Setpoints available: Delay: When the input is active. The “enable” in menus 6500 and 6510 only refers to the alarm function.21 Fuel pump logic The fuel pump logic is used to start and stop the fuel supply pump to maintain the fuel level in the service tank at predefined levels. the alarm will be activated when this delay has expired. The function is active regardless of the "Enable" setting. DEIF A/S Page 120 of 208 .1 Block swbd error (menu 6500) When activated. Setpoints available: Delay: When the input is active and the delay has expired.20 Not in auto This function can be used for indication or to raise an alarm in case the system is not in Auto. this function will block the start sequence of the genset in case the genset is not running.19. 5. The start and stop limits are detected from one of the three multi-inputs. Output A: Relay to activate when the delay has expired. Enable: Enable/disable the alarm function. 5. Fail class: The fail class of the alarm.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions The functionality of the “switchboard error” input is active as soon as the input is configured.

Setpoints available in menu 6550: The fuel pump relay can be activated via M-Logic. stop Fuel transfer pump stopping point in percentage. The below drawing shows how the fuel pump is activated when the level reaches 20% and stopped again when the level has reached 80%. 6555 Type The multi-input or external analogue input to be used for the fuel level sensor. 6556 Fail class The fail class of the fuel fill alarm. start Fuel transfer pump start point in percentage. an alarm will be raised whenever the output is activated. Fuel level Fuel service tank level 80% 20% Time Fuel pump start level Fuel pump stop level 5.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Parameter Name Function 6551 Fuel pump log. Choose "auto detection" if an RMI is used. 6554 Output A The output relay to be used for control of the fuel pump. The selected relay activates below the start limit and deactivates above the stop level.21. Choose multi-input if 4-20 mA is used. 6553 Fuel fill check Delay timer before activating fuel fill check alarm. Otherwise. 6552 Fuel pump log. DEIF A/S Page 121 of 208 .1 Fuel fill check The fuel pump logic includes a Fuel fill check function. The output relay should be configured as a limit relay.

2 Engine running Fail class Action Alarm horn relay Alarm display Deload Trip of gen. the following actions occur. The fail classes define the category of the alarms and the subsequent alarm action. ∆ level. 2% ∆ level. then the fuel pump relay deactivates and a Fuel fill alarm occurs. If.22. The tables below illustrate the action of each fail class when the engine is running or stopped. 5.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK When the fuel pump is running. 5. the fuel level must increase by 2% within the fuel fill check timer set in menu 6553. If the fuel level does not increase by 2% within the adjusted delay time. an alarm has been configured with the "shutdown" fail class. 2% tFill check The level of increase is fixed at 2% and cannot be changed. breaker 1 Block X X 2 Warning X X 3 Trip GB X X X 4 Trip + stop X X X 5 Shutdown X X X 6 Trip MB X X 7 Safety stop X X 8 Trip MB/GB X X Trip of mains breaker Coolingdown genset X Stop genset X X X (X) X (X) X X X The table illustrates the action of the fail classes. Eight different fail classes can be used. for instance.22 Fail class 5.1 Fail class All activated alarms must be configured with a fail class.22. DEIF A/S Page 122 of 208 .

the "Safety stop" will have the same function as "Trip and stop". it is possible to activate one or two relay outputs if additional relays are available in the unit. The fail class "Trip MB/GB" will only block engine start and GB sequence if there is no mains breaker present.3 Engine stopped Fail class 1 Block Action Block engine start Block MB sequence Block GB sequence X 2 Warning 3 Trip GB X X 4 Trip + stop X X 5 Shutdown X 6 Trip MB X X 7 Safety stop X 8 Trip MB/GB (X) X (X) In addition to the actions defined by the fail classes. The fail class "Trip MB/GB" will only trip the generator breaker if there is no mains breaker present. If power management is not active.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK ● ● ● ● ● Additional functions The alarm horn relay will activate The alarm will be displayed in the alarm info screen The generator breaker will open instantly The genset is stopped instantly The genset cannot be started from the unit (see next table) The fail class "Safety stop" will only deload the genset before opening the breaker if option G4 or G5 (power management) is used. 5.22. DEIF A/S Page 123 of 208 .

To change the fail class via the PC software. DEIF A/S Page 124 of 208 . Only the measurement of either the busbar frequency or the load/current on the generator set is able to trip the load groups.4 Fail class configuration The fail class can be selected for each alarm function either via the display or the PC software.23 Trip of non-essential load (NEL) 5. 5. This means that the trip of load group no. The trip of Non Essential Load (NEL) groups (load shedding) is carried out in order to protect the busbar against an imminent blackout situation due to either a high load/current or overload on a generator set or a low busbar frequency. The unit is able to trip three NEL groups due to: ● ● ● the measured load of the generator set (high load and overload) the measured current of the generator set the measured frequency at the busbar The load groups are tripped as three individual load groups. 1 has no direct influence on the trip of load group no. 2.23.22.1 Trip of NEL The two terms "trip of non-essential load" and "load shedding" describe the same functionality.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. Select the desired fail class in the fail class roll-down panel. the alarm function to be configured must be selected.

25 Wire fail detection If it is necessary to supervise the sensors/wires connected to the multi-inputs and analogue inputs. Setpoints available in menus 6110 and 6120: Enable: Enable/disable the alarm function. For output setup. The service timer alarm will be activated at 8:00 AM on the day the alarm expires. An alarm with a configurable fail class will be activated. The current trip will be selected in case of inductive loads and unstable power factor (PF <0. the unit will display an alarm. Two service timers are available to cover different intervals. The running hours is counting when the running feedback is present. This must be done when the alarm is activated. This may prevent a possible blackout at the busbar caused by an overload on the running generator set. The service timers are set up in menus 6110 and 6120. This may prevent a possible blackout at the busbar. If the measured value on the input is outside the normal dynamic area of the input. Day: The number of days to activate the alarm – if the running hours are not reached before this number of days. Output A: Relay to be activated when the alarm is activated. The function is based on running hours. 5. the alarm will still be activated. Trip of the NEL groups due to a low busbar frequency will reduce the real power load at the busbar and thus reduce the load percentage on the generator set. DEIF A/S Page 125 of 208 . The service timer alarm will be activated as soon as the running hours have been reached. Fail class: The fail class of the alarm. When the adjusted time expires. then it is possible to enable the wire break function for each input.7) where the current is increased.24 Service timers The unit is able to monitor the maintenance intervals. Reset: Enabling this will reset the service timer to zero. Running hours: The number of running hours to activate the alarm. it will be detected as if the wire has made a short circuit or a break. 5. please refer to the description of outputs.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Trip of the NEL groups due to the load of a running generator set will reduce the load on the busbar and thus reduce the load percentage on the running generator set.

type 2 < 1. DEIF A/S Page 126 of 208 . %) Upper failure limit Wire failure Lower failure limit Wire failure t Wire break MPU wire break (menu 4550) The MPU wire break function is only active when the genset is not running. Stop coil wire break (menu 6270) The alarm will occur when the stop coil is not activated (generator is running) and the input is deenergised.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Input Normal range Wire failure area < 3mA 4-20 mA > 21 mA ≤ 0V DC - N/A VDO Oil.0 ohm VDO Temp.0 ohm VDO Fuel.0 ohm - > 195. type 1 < 4.0 ohm VDO Temp.6 ohm - > 97.0 ohm - > 488. type 2 < 4.0 ohm VDO configurable < lowest resistance - > highest resistance P100 < 82. type 1 < 1. type 2 < 1.b.6 ohm - > 97. °C. Input signal (mA.0 ohm VDO Oil. Then the alarm will occur. type 3 < 0.0 ohm VDO Fuel. type 1 < 0. In this case an alarm will be raised if the wire connection between the AGC and MPU breaks.0 ohm - > 195.3 ohm - > 194.0 ohm - > 195.0 ohm - > 488.1 ohm P1000 < 823 ohm - > 1941 ohm 4-20 mA 0-40V DC Wire failure area Level switch Only active if the switch is open Principle The illustration below shows that when the wire of the input breaks.0 ohm VDO Temp. the measured value will drop to zero.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. Engine interface card Available digital inputs – not configurable Available digital inputs– configurable M4 (standard) 1 6 Input function Auto Semi Test Man Block Configurable Input type 1 Shutdown override X X X X X Configurable Constant 2 Access lock X X X X X Configurable Constant 3 Running feedback X X X X X Configurable Constant 4 Remote start X X Configurable Pulse 5 Remote stop X X Configurable Pulse 6 Semi-auto X 7 Test X 8 Auto X X 9 Manual X X 10 Block X X 11 Remote GB ON 12 X X Configurable Pulse X X Configurable Pulse X X Configurable Pulse X Configurable Pulse Configurable Constant X Configurable Pulse Remote GB OFF X Configurable Pulse 13 Remote MB ON X Configurable Pulse 14 Remote MB OFF Configurable Pulse 15 Remote alarm acknowledge X Configurable Constant 16 Auto start/stop X Configurable Constant 17 Remove starter X X X X Configurable Constant 18 Reset analogue GOV/AVR outputs X X X X Configurable Pulse 19 Manual GOV up X X X X Configurable Constant 20 Manual GOV down X X X X Configurable Constant 21 Manual AVR up X X X X Configurable Constant 22 Manual AVR down X X X X Configurable Constant 23 GB position ON X X X X X Not configurable Constant 24 GB position OFF X X X X X Not configurable Constant 25 MB position ON X X X X X Not configurable Constant 26 MB position OFF X X X X X Not configurable Constant 27 Emergency stop X X X X X Not configurable Constant 28 Low speed X X X Configurable Constant 29 Temperature control X X X Configurable Constant 30 Battery test X X Configurable Pulse DEIF A/S X X X X X X X X X X Page 127 of 208 .26 Digital inputs The unit has a number of binary inputs some of which are configurable and some are not.

but it can be configured in 6180 Start. The number of start attempts is seven by default. Access lock Activating the access lock input deactivates the control display push-buttons. X X X X X Configurable Constant 41 Start enable X X X X Configurable Constant 42 Alternative start X X X X X Configurable Constant 43 Switchboard error X X X X X Configurable Constant 44 Total test X X X X X Configurable Constant 45 GB spring loaded X X X X X Configurable Constant 46 MB spring loaded X X X X X Configurable Constant 47 1st priority mains X X X X X Configurable Constant 48 Ext. sync.1 Functional description 1. Running feedback The input is used as a running indication of the engine. 3. the start relay is deactivated. When the input is activated.26. It will only be possible to view measurements. DEIF A/S Page 128 of 208 . alarms and the log. MB pos. Also a special cool down timer is used in the stop sequence after an activation of this input.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Input function Auto Semi Test Man Block Configurable Input type X X Configurable Pulse 31 Mains OK X X X 32 External f control X X X Configurable Constant 33 External P control X X X Configurable Constant 34 External cosphi control X X X Configurable Constant 35 External U control X X X Configurable Constant 36 External Q power X X X Configurable Constant 37 MB close inhibit X X X X X Configurable Constant 38 Enable mode shift X X X X X Configurable Constant 39 Enable GB black close X X X X X Configurable Constant 40 Enable sep. 2. Shutdown override This input deactivates all protections except the overspeed protection and the emergency stop input. OFF X X X X X Configurable Constant 49 Heavy consumer 1 request X X X X X Configurable Constant 50 Heavy consumer 2 request X X X X X Configurable Constant 51 Deload X Configurable Constant 52 GB OFF and BLOCK Configurable Pulse 53 HC 1 fixed load feedback X X X X X Configurable Constant 54 HC 2 fixed load feedback X X X X X Configurable Constant 55 Secured ON X X X X X Configurable Pulse 56 Secured OFF X X X X X Configurable Pulse 57 Base load Configurable Constant X X 5.

Remote start This input initiates the start sequence of the genset when semi-auto or manual mode is selected. 6. Semi-auto Changes the present running mode to semi-auto. Remote alarm acknowledge Acknowledges all present alarms. 17. 16. and the breaker will open instantly. Remote MB OFF The mains breaker OFF sequence will be initiated. 12.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 4. or close without synchronising if the mains breaker is opened. 9. 10. DEIF A/S Page 129 of 208 . the running mode cannot be changed by activating the digital inputs. The genset will be stopped if the input is deactivated. Test Changes the present running mode to test. Block Changes the present running mode to block. and the starter motor will disengage. Auto start/stop The genset will start when this input is activated. Remote GB ON The generator breaker ON sequence will be initiated and the breaker will synchronise if the mains breaker is closed. The genset will stop without cooling down. fixed power. Remote stop This input initiates the stop sequence of the genset when semi-auto or manual mode is selected. load takeover or mains power export and the AUTO running mode is selected. 13. Remote GB OFF The generator breaker OFF sequence will be initiated. 15. or close without synchronising if the generator breaker is opened. Manual Changes the present running mode to manual. If the mains breaker is opened. If the mains breaker is closed. Auto Changes the present running mode to auto. 11. The input can be used when the unit is in island operation. 7. 8. 5. the generator load will be deloaded to the breaker open limit followed by a breaker opening. 14. Remote MB ON The mains breaker ON sequence will be initiated and the breaker will synchronise if the generator breaker is closed. This means the start relay deactivates. Remove starter The start sequence is deactivated. then the generator breaker will open instantly. When block mode is selected. and the alarm LED on the display stops flashing.

then the AVR output will be increased. The manual governor and AVR increase and decrease inputs can only be used in manual mode. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is opened or a position failure alarm occurs. Manual GOV up If manual mode is selected. 19. The governor must be prepared for this function. DEIF A/S Page 130 of 208 . The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is opened or a position failure alarm occurs. Mains breaker open feedback (MB position OFF) The input function is used as an indication of the mains breaker position. then the reset position will be the specific adjustment. then the AVR output will be decreased. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is closed or a position failure alarm occurs. The shutdown fail class must be selected. Manual AVR down If manual mode is selected. 28. Emergency stop The input shuts down the engine immediately. Mains breaker closed feedback (MB position ON) The input function is used as an indication of the mains breaker position. That is the governor output and the AVR output if option D1 is selected. 22. If an offset has been adjusted in the control setup. Generator breaker open feedback (GB position OFF) The input function is used as an indication of the generator breaker position. Reset analogue GOV/AVR outputs The analogue +/-20 mA controller outputs will be reset to 0 mA. All analogue controller outputs are reset. 25. 23. 26. 27. then the governor output will be decreased. then the governor output will be increased. Manual AVR up If manual mode is selected. 20. 21. 24. Manual GOV down If manual mode is selected. At the same time it opens the generator breaker. Low speed Disables the regulators and keeps the genset running at a low RPM. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is closed or a position failure alarm occurs.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 18. Generator breaker closed feedback (GB position ON) The input function is used as an indication of the generator breaker position.

This function is option-dependent. Note that a 0 V . If the battery is weak. Enable GB black close When the input is activated. The synchronisation function will be moved to a configurable relay dependent on the options configuration.x is required. 37.10 V is used for control. and an alarm will occur. External voltage control The nominal voltage setpoint will be controlled from the analogue inputs terminal 41/42. depending on the activation of the low speed input. The internal setpoint will not be used. 30. then the mains breaker cannot close. and the AGC will perform the AMF sequence in case of a mains failure. When the input is deactivated. When the input is configured. 38. DEIF A/S Page 131 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 29. or it stops (low speed = OFF). MB close inhibit When this input is activated. External frequency control The nominal frequency setpoint will be controlled from the analogue inputs terminal 40/41. then the genset goes to idle mode (low speed = ON). The internal setpoint will not be used. Option M12 or M14. providing that the frequency and voltage are inside the limits set up in menu 2110. Note that a -10 V to 10 V signal is used for control. External reactive power The reactive power setpoint will be controlled from the analogue inputs terminal 41/42. Battery test Activates the starter without starting the genset. The internal setpoint will not be used. Temperature control This input is part of the idle mode function. Note that a -10 V to 10 V signal is used for control. 40. Enable mode shift The input activates the mode shift function. Note that a -10 V to 10 V signal is used to control and that the nominal frequency value will be located at 0 V. then the genset starts. 32. 35. Activating this input will split the breaker close and breaker synchronisation functions into two different relays. The internal setpoint will not be used. the AGC is allowed to close the generator on a black busbar. External power control The power setpoint in fixed power will be controlled from the analogue inputs terminal 40/41. The breaker close function will remain on the relays dedicated for breaker control. Mains OK Disables the "mains OK delay" timer. 31. When the input is high. Enable separate sync. the test will cause the battery voltage to drop more than acceptable. 36. 34. 33. It starts at high or low speed. External cos phi control The cos phi setpoint will be controlled from the analogue inputs terminal 41/42. 39. the setting in menu 7081 (mode shift ON/OFF) is disregarded. The synchronisation of the mains breaker will happen when the input is activated. Note that a 0 V to 10 V signal is used for control. The internal setpoint will not be used.

Heavy consumer 2 request This input is used in G5 applications with two generators or more to request heavy consumer 2 to start.e. 45. MB spring loaded The AGC will not send a close signal before this feedback is present. GB spring loaded The AGC will not send a close signal before this feedback is present. Heavy consumer 1 request This input is used in G5 applications with two generators or more to request heavy consumer 1 to start. 54. 48. Ext. MB pos. 44.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 41. 42. 55. 50. DEIF A/S Page 132 of 208 . When the genset is started. 43. 49. Secured mode ON Secured mode adds an extra generator to the system. 46. Switchboard error The input will stop or block the genset depending on running status. 1st priority mains This input is used in G5 applications with two mains connections to select which mains connection has 1st priority. Deload A running genset will start to ramp down the power. the input can be removed. 51. HC 1 fixed load feedback HC 1 is running and consuming 100% power. it will be blocked for start. 52. the genset will activate the stop sequence and when the genset is stopped. OFF This input is used in G5 applications with two mains connections to tell the AGC mains units that the mains breaker not controlled by them has been tripped. 53. 47. GB OFF and BLOCK The generator breaker will open. Start enable The input must be activated to be able to start the engine. one generator too many will be running when comparing with the actual power requirement. i. HC 2 fixed load feedback HC 2 is running and consuming 100% power. Alternative start This input is used to simulate an AMF failure and this way run a full AMF sequence without a mains failure actually being present. Total test This input will be logged in the event log to indicate that a planned mains failure has been made.

Should the plant power requirement drop. This output is used in G5 applications with two or more generators to acknowledge the heavy consumer requested. the base load will be lowered so the other generator(s) on line produces at least 10% power. The input functions are set up with the PC utility software. 57.1 Functional description 1. 4. Base load The generator set will run base load (fixed power) and not participate in frequency control. Output function Auto Semi Test Man Block Configurable Output type 1 HC 1 ack.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 56. HC 2 ack.27 Outputs The unit has a number of output functions which can be configured to any available relay. Secured mode OFF Ends secured running mode (see 55). Trip NEL 1 This output is used to trip load groups. 2. HC 1 ack.28 Multi-inputs The AGC unit has three multi-inputs which can be configured to be used as the following input types: 1. Trip NEL 2 This output is used to trip load groups. 3. This output is used in G5 applications with two or more generators to acknowledge the heavy consumer requested. Please refer to the description of NEL. Please refer to the option G4/G5/G8 manual for reference. X Configurable Pulse 3 Trip NEL 1 X X X X X Configurable Pulse 4 Trip NEL 2 X X X X X Configurable Pulse 5 Trip NEL 3 X X X X X Configurable Pulse 5. X Configurable Pulse 2 HC 2 ack. Trip NEL 3 This output is used to trip load groups. 5. 5. 4-20 mA DEIF A/S Page 133 of 208 . please refer to "Help" in this.27. 5.

the unit and range of the measured value corresponding to 4-20 mA can be changed in the PC utility software in order to get the correct reading in the display. The unit of the measured value can be changed from Celsius to Fahrenheit in the PC utility software in order to get the desired reading in the display. 8. cooling water temp. 6. e. 3. These various types of VDO inputs are available for all multi-inputs: VDO oil: VDO water: VDO fuel: Oil pressure Cooling water temperature Fuel level sensor For each type of VDO input it is possible to select between different characteristics including a configurable. 5.2 0-40V DC The 0-40V DC input has primarily been designed to handle the battery asymmetry test. 7. The inputs have different functions.28.28.4 VDO inputs The unit can contain up to three VDO inputs.1 4-20 mA If one of the multi-inputs has been configured as 4-20 mA. Input type Multi-input 102 Multi-input 105 Multi-input 108 4-20 mA 4120/4130 4250/4260 4380/4390 0-40V DC 4140/4150 4270/4280 4400/4410 Pt100/Pt1000 4160/4170 4290/4300 4420/4430 VDO oil 4180/4190 4310/4320 4440/4450 VDO water 4200/4210 4330/4340 4460/4470 VDO fuel 4220/4230 4350/4360 4480/4490 3400 3410 3420 Digital Only one alarm level is available for the digital input type. 5.3 Pt100/1000 This input type can be used for heat sensor. 5.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 2. For each input two alarm levels are available.28. 5.28. DEIF A/S Page 134 of 208 . 4.g. the menu numbers of the alarm settings for each multi-input is controlled by the configured input type as seen in the following table. 0-40V DC Pt100 Pt1000 VDO oil VDO water VDO fuel Digital The function of the multi-inputs can only be configured in the PC utility software. as the hardware design allows for several VDO types. 5.

9 2. 5. it will be damaged. If any voltage is applied to the VDO inputs.5 22 62.5 65 168.2 10.7 9.6 VDO water This VDO input is used for measuring the cooling water temperature.0 15 44.0 87 124.28.0 58 151.1 3.28.0 116 155.2 1.5 VDO oil This VDO input is used for measuring the lubricating oil pressure.4 8.5 7 27.5 36 99.0 6.5 51 134. The resistance as well as the pressure can be adjusted.3 The configurable type is configurable with eight points in the range 0-480 Ω.9 1. VDO sensor type Pressure Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Ω Bar psi Ω Ω 0 0 10.0 131 170.3 5.9 4. Please refer to the Application Notes for further wiring information.0 10.0 89.0 73 184.5 71.3 7.3 51.0 2.0 31.7 4. then be aware that no voltage must be connected to the input.0 102 140.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5.0 0.6 107. If the VDO input is used as a level switch.0 145 184.0 29 81.2 3.0 44 117. DEIF A/S Page 135 of 208 .

If the VDO input is used as a level switch. If any voltage is applied to the VDO inputs.3 50 122 197. 5. Please refer to the Application Notes for further wiring information.4 36. The temperature as well as the resistance can be adjusted.2 83.2 90 194 51. Please refer to the Application Notes for further wiring information.8 Ω 100% 1. If any voltage is applied to the VDO inputs.2 36.5 480.6 120 248 22. then be aware that no voltage must be connected to the input.1 80 176 70.1 113.4 The configurable type is configurable with eight points in the range 0-480 Ω.7 69.8 150 302 18.7 7. VDO sensor type Type 1 Value Resistance 0% 78.3 323.6 Ω VDO sensor type Type 2 Value Resistance 0% 3Ω 100% 180 Ω If the VDO input is used as a level switch.2 100 212 38. DEIF A/S Page 136 of 208 .5 62.6 60 140 134. it will be damaged.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions VDO sensor type Temperature Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4 Ω °C °F Ω Ω Ω 40 104 291. then be aware that no voltage must be connected to the input.0 222.7 VDO fuel This VDO input is used for the fuel level sensor.9 140 284 22.1 157.5 70 158 97. it will be damaged.28.0 19.8 130 266 28.1 47.8 11.4 110 230 29.

°C or %) Setpoints DEIF A/S Page 137 of 208 . 5. The value as well as the resistance can be adjusted.28.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions VDO sensor type Value Type configurable % Resistance 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 The configurable type is configurable with eight points in the range 0-480 Ω.8 Illustration of configurable inputs Resistance (Ω) Setpoint 8 Setpoint 7 Setpoint 6 Setpoint 5 Setpoint 4 Setpoint 3 Setpoint 2 Setpoint 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Value (bar.

0 bar.28.9 Configuration The eight curve settings for the configurable VDO inputs cannot be changed in the display.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. In the PC utility software the configurable inputs are adjusted in this dialogue box: Adjust the resistance of the VDO sensor at the specific measuring value. 5. DEIF A/S Page 138 of 208 . but only in the PC utility software. It is recommended to follow the list below when changing the scaling of the analogue inputs.28. The alarm settings can be changed both in the display and in the PC utility software. In the example above the adjustment is 10 Ω at 0.10 Scaling of 4-20 mA inputs The scaling of the analogue inputs is made to ensure that the readout of the inputs is made with a resolution that fits the connected sensor.

20 mA.. which gives a very rough range of setting. A parameter file (usw file) should always be saved without the AUTO SCALE enabled. One decimal: 0-5 bar oil pressure transducer (4-20 mA) Decimals = 1 DEIF A/S Page 139 of 208 . The display will show 0. 2. 3. 4. Then the alarm parameters for the multi-inputs can be configured. 6. Activate the AUTO SCALE enable check box when setting up the inputs.. Set up the multi-input for 4-20 mA. If not. This means that the reading remains the same .but decimals are added.. 5. the setpoint can only be adjusted in steps of one bar. Setting up decimals: No decimals: 0-5 bar oil pressure transducer (4-20 mA) Decimals = 0 Without use of decimals. This is done in menu 10980-11000 for multi-input 102-108 and in menu 11120-11190 for option M15 or M16.. Deactivating AUTO SCALE will make the reading smaller by a factor of 10 for each decimal added.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 1. Now the scaling parameters are available in menu 11010-11110.5 bar in the measuring range 4. the alarm levels will be wrong. The setup of the multi-inputs and alarm parameters must be done in the above order.

e. 0-5 bar: The display will then show 0 at 4 mA.0-0. AUTO SCALE = disabled Regarding AUTO SCALE: if the number of decimals is changed without enabling the setpoint. In other words. the "Auto scaling" bit decides where the decimal point is placed. Scale the input as required.0 mA (0. DEIF A/S Page 140 of 208 . AUTO SCALE = enabled Decimals = 1. the 4-20 mA will be presented as 0.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Auto scale = enable Decimals = 1.g. Setting up the measuring range of the sensor: The measuring range of the multi-input is set up inside the actual alarm: The three dots to the left of the figures is a button.5 bar).4-2.

and the settings will not be modified again if the parameters are reloaded to the device. then the minimum and maximum values of the alarm will be affected (multiplied by 10 or 100) at the next use of the parameter file (under certain conditions). it would still only be possible to adjust the setpoint without decimals.11 Digital If the multi-inputs are configured to "Digital". In this way. After having set up the 4-20 mA inputs (HW as well as alarms). when selecting decimals. it is voluntary if AUTO SCALE is selected. the AUTO SCALE is then deactivated (automatically cleared by the device).28.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions In order to get the alarm input to work again after changing the "decimal setting". it is a good idea to select AUTO SCALE. If the parameters were not refreshed. Save the parameter file: A parameter file (usw file) should always be saved without the AUTO SCALE enabled. DEIF A/S Page 141 of 208 . If the file is saved with the AUTO SCALE enabled. If they are set up. the value can be adjusted with one decimal. 5. This is in order to refresh the parameter list so the alarm settings present the correct value: In the example shown above. Therefore. they become available as a configurable input. Reload parameters: It is necessary to upload the parameters from the device to the computer after changing the scale (no decimal/one decimal/two decimal) settings. the selection of AUTO SCALE depends on whether the alarm inputs are already set up. it is necessary to make a readjustment of the alarm: Change it to match the new selection of decimals. the parameter file should be uploaded from the device to the PC and then saved. If they are not set up.

If the digital inputs or AOP buttons are activated in semi-auto. the timer can be set to 0. then one press on the AOP or one pulse from digital input will give 5 sec.1 Manual mode In manual mode the regulation is deactivated. To exit the regulation window press "back". When using the display arrows for increasing or decreasing.. an offset will be added to or subtracted from the nominal value. this is the Reg. there is a timer so that it is possible to choose how long one pulse should be. When the "back" button is activated. The function of the regulation window depends on the selected mode: G 0 P-Q Setp P-Q Reg. When activating the up or down arrows. the output value to GOV or AVR is changed. AVR setpoint manipulation requires option D1. the governor setpoint will be changed. the nominal frequency or voltage setpoint will be changed and also displayed. For the governor.29. the output will change as long as the button is active. or by activating the digital inputs or AOP buttons for governor or AVR control in semi-auto mode. For the digital input and AOP buttons. the active or reactive nominal power setpoint value will be changed. and vice versa when the AVR is underlined.3 Auto and test mode Like semi-auto.2 Semi-auto mode As in manual mode. the regulation setpoint returns to nominal. DEIF A/S Page 142 of 208 . the timer parameter is 2782 and for AVR. except from the fact that activating the digital inputs or AOP buttons for governor or AVR control will change the regulation setpoint but not open the regulation window. the regulation setpoint returns to nominal. increase or decrease of the output. When GOV is underlined. the up and down arrows have the same function as the digital inputs or AOP buttons for governor or AVR control when the window is open. If for example the timer is set to 5 sec. When changing the Setp value.29. 0 100% 50% 0V 100% 60% GOV AVR 5.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. 5. The Reg.1-10 sec.29. 5. If the genset is running in parallel. value in the display. If it is a stand-alone genset not parallel to the mains. The intention of this function is to give the commissioning engineer a helpful tool for adjustment of the regulation. The up and down arrows have the same function as the digital inputs or AOP buttons for governor and AVR control when the window is open. the regulation window is automatically opened. value is the output value from the regulator. When the digital inputs or AOP buttons are deactivated. it is 2784. The value Setp can be changed by pressing the arrow up or down.29 Manual governor and AVR control The manual governor and AVR control function can be activated by pressing more than two seconds.

It is delivered with one master language which is English. NE (Normally Energised). normally closed This will initiate an alarm when the signal on the digital input disappears. please refer to "Help" in the PC utility software.31 Language selection The unit has the possibility to display different languages. Digital input alarm configured to NO. Digital input alarm configured to NC. This is the default language. 2. DEIF A/S Page 143 of 208 . 5.30 Input function selection Digital input alarms can be configured with a possibility to select when the alarms are to be activated. The relay output function can be selected to be ND (Normally Deenergised). but the already configured languages can be selected. The languages are selected in the system setup menu 6080. The possible selections of the input function are normally open or normally closed. 1. and it cannot be changed.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Regarding AOP setup. The drawing below illustrates a digital input used as an alarm input. normally open This will initiate an alarm when the signal on the digital input appears. In addition to the master language 11 different languages can be configured. + V DC Alarm input Multi-line 2 Dig in Relayout Com 5. It is not possible to make language configuration from the display. Limit or Horn. This is done via the PC utility software. The language can be changed when connected to the PC utility software.

If the operator does something wrong. The table below indicates the texts in the status line. then the status line must indicate it.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. DEIF A/S Page 144 of 208 .32 Texts in status line The status texts must be self-explanatory.

#min FULL TEST ###.#min Test mode activated and test timer counting down LOAD TEST ###.32.#min ISLAND MAN ISLAND SEMI Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place READY ISLAND AUTO Genset stopped in Auto ISLAND ACTIVE Genset running in Auto AMF MAN AMF SEMI Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place READY AMF AUTO Genset stopped in Auto AMF ACTIVE Genset running in Auto FIXED POWER MAN FIXED POWER SEMI Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place READY FIXED P AUTO Genset stopped in Auto FIXED POWER ACTIVE Genset running in Auto PEAK SHAVING MAN PEAK SHAVING SEMI Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place READY PEAK SHAV AUTO Genset stopped in Auto PEAK SHAVING ACTIVE Genset running in Auto LOAD TAKEOVER MAN LOAD TAKEOVER SEMI Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place READY LTO AUTO Genset stopped in Auto LTO ACTIVE Genset running in Auto MAINS P EXPORT MAN MAINS P EXPORT SEMI Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place READY MPE AUTO Genset stopped in Auto MPE ACTIVE Genset running in Mains power export mode DG BLOCKED FOR START Generator stopped and active alarm(s) on the generator GB ON BLOCKED Generator running.1 Standard texts Status text Condition BLOCK Block mode is activated SIMPLE TEST Test mode is activated Comment LOAD TEST FULL TEST SIMPLE TEST ###.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. GB open and an active "Trip GB" alarm SHUTDOWN OVERRIDE The configurable input is active DEIF A/S Page 145 of 208 .

0 s Page 146 of 208 .Text in mains units MAINS U OK DEL ####s Mains voltage is OK after a mains failure The timer shown is the Mains OK delay MAINS f OK DEL ####s Mains frequency is OK after a mains failure The timer shown is the Mains OK delay Hz/V OK IN ###s The voltage and frequency on the genset is OK When the timer runs out it is allowed to operate the generator breaker COOLING DOWN ###s Cooling down period is activated COOLING DOWN Cooling down period is activated and infinite GENSET STOPPING This info is shown when cooling down has finished DEIF A/S Comment The frequency is not at the nominal setting Cooling down timer is set to 0.#V ####s Battery test activated DELOAD Decreasing the load of the genset in order to open the breaker START DG(s) IN ###s The start genset setpoint is exceeded STOP DG(s) IN ###s The stop genset setpoint is exceeded START PREPARE The start prepare relay is activated START RELAY ON The start relay is activated START RELAY OFF The start relay is deactivated during the start sequence MAINS FAILURE Mains failure and mains failure timer expired MAINS FAILURE IN ###s Frequency or voltage measurement is outside the limits The timer shown is the Mains failure delay.#min The timer in the "Idle run"’ function is active COMPENSATION FREQ. and the operator tries to activate one of the blocked keys GB TRIP EXTERNALLY Some external equipment has tripped the breaker An external trip is logged in the event log MB TRIP EXTERNALLY Some external equipment has tripped the breaker An external trip is logged in the event log IDLE RUN The "Idle run" function is active. test ##.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Status text Condition ACCESS LOCK The configurable input is activated. Compensation is active Aux. The genset will not stop until a timer has expired IDLE RUN ###.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Status text Additional functions Condition Comment EXT. Page 147 of 208 . STOP TIME ###s PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE This info is shown if the language file is downloaded from the PC utility software TOO SLOW 00<------------- Generator running too slow during synchronising -----------> 00 TOO FAST Generator running too fast during synchronising EXT. and the next step that will be reached after the timer has expired will be displayed DERATED TO #####kW Displays the ramp down setpoint PREPARING ETHERNET Preparing Ethernet connection PREPARING ENGINE IF Preparing engine IF PROGRAMMING MLOGIC Downloading M-Logic to the unit UNEXPECTED GB ON BB Another generator breaker is closed on to the busbar (due to a GB position failure) while no voltage is present on the busbar DEIF A/S There is no failure on the mains during this sequence This indicates that other breakers cannot close to the busbar because of position failure on one or more GBs. START ORDER A planned AMF sequence is activated QUICK SETUP ERROR Quick setup of the application failed MOUNT CAN CONNECTOR Connect the power management CAN line ADAPT IN PROGRESS The AGC is receiving the application that it has just been connected to SETUP IN PROGRESS The new AGC is being added to the existing application SETUP COMPLETED Successful update of the application in all AGC units REMOVE CAN CONNECTOR Remove the power management CAN lines RAMP TO #####kW The power ramp is ramping in steps.

DELOADING BTB XX DG units are load sharing asymmetrically to deload BTB XX dividing two sections in an island application. An external trip is logged in the event log.2 Texts only related to power management (option G5) Status text Condition Comment DG unit BLACKOUT ENABLE This info is shown if a CAN failure is present in a power management application. # AGC receiving an application.32. DEIF A/S Broadcasts one of the four applications from one unit to the rest of the AGCs in the power management system. BTB XX is dividing two sections in an island application. Mains unit UNIT STANDBY If redundant mains units are present this message is shown on the redundant unit. BTB unit DIVIDING SECTION A BTB unit is dividing two sections in an island application. this message is shown on the redundant unit. BLOCKED FOR CLOSING Last open BTB in a ring bus.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. BTB TRIP EXTERNALLY Some external equipment has tripped the breaker. SYNCHRONISING MB XX MB XX is synchronising. RECEIVING APPL. SEMI OPERATION BTB unit in Semi. READY AUTO OPERATION BTB unit in Auto and ready for breaker operation (no active BTB trip" alarm). # Broadcast an application through the CAN line. TB TRIP EXTERNALLY Some external equipment has tripped the breaker. Page 148 of 208 . AUTO OPERATION BTB unit in Auto. SYNCHRONISING BTB XX BTB XX is synchronising. BTB XX DIVIDING SEC. All units BROADCASTING APPL. An external trip is logged in the event log. but not ready for breaker operation (active "BTB trip" alarm). SYNCHRONISING TB XX TB XX is synchronising. UNIT STANDBY If redundant mains units are present.

RECEIVE ERROR Application is not received correctly. the backup will be erased. BROADCAST ABORTED Broadcast terminated. Comment 5. The memory backup feature gives the possibility to back up the controller settings.33. The controller will reboot after a backup has been restored. a failure will appear on the display. The following settings will be stored in the backup: Type Stored Identifiers X Counters X Views configuration X Inputs configuration X Outputs configuration X Translations M-Logic configuration X AOP-1 configuration X AOP-2 configuration X Application configuration X Parameters X Modbus configuration X Permissions X Logs If new firmware is flashed to the controller.33 Internal battery 5. RECEIVE COMPLETED Application received successfully. In this parameter you are able to backup or restore. and after replacing the battery the settings can be restored.1 Memory backup When changing the internal battery for the memory. DEIF A/S Page 149 of 208 . DEIF recommends that a backup is made at least when the commissioning is tested and done. The backup is found in parameter 9230 Memory backup with the jump menu. Internal battery alarm If the internal battery is dismounted during operation. all settings will be lost.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Status text Condition BROADCAST COMPLETED Successful broadcast of an application.

DEIF A/S Page 150 of 208 . The timer will count downwards when the setpoint has been exceeded. OUT (digital output) Shows the status of the digital outputs. The service menu is entered using the "JUMP" push-button (9120 Service menu).34 Service menu The purpose of the service menu is to give information about the present operating condition of the genset. IN (digital input) Shows the status of the digital inputs. Entry window The entry shows the possible selections in the service menu. Use the service menu for easy troubleshooting in connection with the event log.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. The indicated remaining time is minimum remaining time. Available selections: Alarm Shows the alarm timer and the remaining time.

35.40. each new event will overwrite the oldest event following the "first in .35 Event log 5. The logs can be viewed in the display or in the PC utility software. 5.x or later. Battery test log containing 52 loggings. the actual value can be read when pressing "SEL": DEIF A/S Page 151 of 208 . In the example above the fuel level alarm has occurred.36 or later.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions MISC (miscellaneous) Shows miscellaneous messages. the log could look like this: The specific alarm or event is shown in the second line. The third line shows the time stamp. If older SW is used.first out" principle. it is only 150 event and 30 alarm logs. Alarm log containing 500 loggings.35. There are 500 event and alarm logs in application 4. If the cursor is moved to "INFO". 5. If the "Event" is selected.1 Logs The logging of data is divided in three different groups: ● ● ● Event log containing 500 loggings.2 Display In the display it looks like this when the "LOG" push-button is pressed: Now it is possible to select one of the three logs. and in USW 3. When the individual logs are full.

Automatically resets to OFF after the reset. Counting when the running feedback is present. 6104 MB operations Offset adjustment of the number of mains breaker operations. The last event in the list will be displayed if the cursor is placed below "LAST" and "SEL" is pressed. and some of these can be adjusted if necessary.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions The first event in the list will be displayed if the cursor is placed below "FIRST" and "SEL" is pressed. The keyUP and keyDOWN push-buttons are used for navigating in the list. for instance if the unit is installed on an existing genset or a new circuit breaker has been installed. DEIF A/S Page 152 of 208 . Counting at each MB close command. Counting at each GB close command. Counting when the running feedback is present. 6103 GB operations Offset adjustment of the number of generator breaker operations.36 Counters Counters for various values are included. Additional counters for "Running hours" and "Energy" can be read out from the PC utility software. 5. 6102 Running time Offset adjustment of the total running thousand hours counter. Counting at each start attempt. The reset function cannot be left active. 6105 kWh reset Resets the kWh counter. 6106 Start attempts Offset adjustment of the number of start attempts. The table shows the adjustable values and their function in menu 6100: Description Function Comment 6101 Running time Offset adjustment of the total running hours counter.

38 kWh/kVArh counters The controller has two transistor outputs. It is only possible to do the same basic setup as via the application configuration in the utility software.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 5. each representing a value for the power production. The two counters can be used for e. Term. Be careful .g.37 Pulse input counters Two configurable digital inputs can be used for counter input. Scaling of pulse input can be set in menu 6851/6861. but the kVArh measurement is only available through the transistor output. The two digital inputs can ONLY be configured for pulse inputs via M-Logic. 5. It is possible to determine the scale value to be pulse/ unit or unit/pulse. fuel consumption or heat flow. Entering the quick setup menu 9180 via the DU-2 display gives the possibility to add or remove e. as shown in the example below. DEIF A/S Page 153 of 208 .the maximum burden for the transistor outputs is 10 mA. and the number of decimals can be adjusted in menu 6853/6863. The quick setup menu is made to provide easy setup of a plant.g. mains and MB without using the utility software. Counter values can be read out in display. 5. number Output 20 kWh 21 kVArh 22 Common terminal The number of pulses depends on the actual adjusted setting of the nominal power: Generator power Value Number of pulses (kWh) Number of pulses (kVArh) PNOM <100 kW 1 pulse/kWh 1 pulse/kVArh PNOM 100-1000 kW 1 pulse/10 kWh 1 pulse/10 kVArh PNOM >1000 kW 1 pulse/100 kWh 1 pulse/100 kVArh The kWh measurement is shown in the display as well.39 Quick setup Both the PC utility software and the quick setup menu can be used to set up a plant. and the pulse length for each of the activations is 1 second. The outputs are pulse outputs.

OFF: When the mode menu is set to "OFF". Setup standalone: When the mode menu is set to "Setup stand-alone". the AGC will change the application configuration. DEIF A/S Page 154 of 208 . an info text. Setup plant: The setup plant mode is used in G5 applications. If "Setup stand-alone" is activated while the genset is running.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Menu 9180 Quick setup 9181: Mode. "Quick setup error". Please refer to the option G5 manual. will appear. The settings in menu 9182-9185 are used for the new configuration. the existing application of the genset will not be changed.

it can only be configured in the PC utility software and not via the display. One or more input conditions are defined. the defined output will occur. The M-Logic is part of the PC utility software. such as relay outputs. and at the activation of those inputs.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5.40 Parameter ID This parameter can be used to identify which parameter file is used in the unit. 5. A great variety of inputs can be selected. change of genset modes and change of running modes. alarm conditions and running conditions. such as option M12 which offers additional digital inputs and outputs. selecting additional options. Please refer to the "Help" function in the PC utility software for a full description of this configuration tool. M-Logic is a simple tool based on logic events.41 M-Logic The M-Logic functionality is included in the unit and is not an option-dependent function. if only very simple commands are needed. The main purpose of M-Logic is to give the operator/designer more flexible possibilities of operating the generator control system. such as digital inputs. DEIF A/S Page 155 of 208 . A variety of the outputs can also be selected. M-Logic is not a PLC but substitutes one. M-Logic is used to execute different commands at predefined conditions. however. 5. can increase the functionality.42 GSM communication The GSM modem communication is used to send a GSM message to up to five cellular telephones when an alarm appears on the display. and as such.

Basic parameter settings Setting no.43 USW communication It is possible to communicate with the unit via the PC utility software. 5. The phone number can only be dialed using the PC utility software. DEIF A/S Page 156 of 208 . It is possible to remote control the genset from the PC utility software if a modem is used. for SMS to cellular phone 1 None GSM 12345678901 Set phone no. the unit will send the required PIN code to the modem if this is necessary. Name Function Set to GSM GSM PIN code Set PIN code for GSM modem None GSM 12345678901 Set phone no. for SMS to cellular phone 5 None For calling a foreign number type "+" and country code instead of "00". for SMS to cellular phone 2 None GSM 12345678901 Set phone no. The purpose is to be able to remote monitor and control the genset application. as the application has been tested with these terminals. for SMS to cellular phone 3 None GSM 12345678901 Set phone no. Take precautions that it is safe to remote operate the genset to avoid personal injury or death. Serial connection The serial connection to the GSM modem is done via the null-modem cable (option J3).AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions System single-line diagram External antenna Controller GSM Modem DEIF recommends using a MOXA OnCell G2150I. PIN code configuration After each auxiliary supply power up. The PIN code is adjusted in the PC utility software. for SMS to cellular phone 4 None GSM 12345678901 Set phone no. Wavecom WMOD2 or Westermo GDW-11 terminal. The SIM card used in the cellular telephone must support data transfer. for example dial +45 99999999 for a Danish number.

Because of the RS232 communication the GSM function is only available with option H9. Safety If communication fails. and the unit will allow for the slower modem communication. is supported by the ML-2. the use of a generator with step-up transformer (called a block) is required. only half of the parameter file has been downloaded when the communication is interrupted. the PC utility software cannot communicate with the unit when it is connected directly to the PC and a modem is not used. The functions available in this application are: 1. the ASCII protocol type is used. Busbar protections A diagram of a block is shown below Generator/transformer block: DEIF A/S Page 157 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Serial connection The serial connection to the GSM modem is via the null-modem cable (option J3).44 Step-up and step-down transformer 5. When set to 1. The applications where a step-up transformer is needed. the unit will operate according to the received data. setting Max. If e. Setup The Modbus protocol type can be changed from RTU to ASCII (9020 Service port). 5. the unit will use this actual data. This menu can only be reached using the JUMP push-button. This may be to adapt to the closest grid voltage or to step up the voltage to minimise the losses in cables and also to bring down the cable size.2.44. Voltage measurement displayed 3. Generator protections 4. Setting 9021 Service port Setpoint Min.1 Step-up transformer In certain cases.g. 9020 Service port No. Application settings Please refer to the PC utility software help file. setting Factory setting 0 (normal USW) 1 (modem USW) 0 (normal USW) If setting 9020 is set to 1. Synchronising with or without phase angle compensation 2.

to calculate a setpoint for the AVR and the voltage synchronising window (dUMAX). The number is an expression of the LV side lag compared to the HV side voltage.2 Vector group for step-up transformer Vector group definition The vector group is defined by 2 letters and a number: The first letter is an upper case D or Y defining if the HV side windings are in Delta or Wye configuration. the AVR setpoint will be changed to: UBUS-MEASURED * UGEN-NOM/UBUS-NOM = 10500 * 400/10000 = 420 V 5. The phase angle compensation would not be an issue if there was no phase angle shift across the step-up transformer. this could also be called clock notation or phase shift. The measuring points are shown as black dots in the figures above and below. y or z defining if the LV side windings are in delta. But this does not influence on the setting in the ML-2. Now. wye or zigzag configuration. DEIF A/S Page 158 of 208 . as long as the breaker and the step-up transformer is both placed between the measuring points for the ML-2. The second letter is a lower case d. and there is no breaker (or only a manually operated one) on the low voltage (LV) side. The number is an expression of the lag angle divided by 30 degrees. Example: A 10000 V/400 V step-up transformer is installed after a generator with the nominal voltage of 400 V. The generator is running 400 V before synchronising starts. but in many cases there is. The phase angle shift is in Europe described using the vector group description. but when attempting to synchronise. The nominal voltage of the busbar is 10000 V. Instead of vector group. these have to be included in the total phase angle compensation. Example: Dy11 = HV side: Delta. When voltage measurement transformers are used. defining the phase angle shift between HV and LV side of the stepup transformer. When a ML-2 is used for synchronising. The number is the vector group number.44. In some applications.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Typically the synchronising breaker is on the high voltage (HV) side. vector group 11: Phase shift = 11x (–30) = -330 degrees. LV side: Wye. the device uses the ratio of the nominal voltages for the generator and the busbar. the breaker could also be placed on the LV side. the voltage of the busbar is 10500 V.

Yy0 example: HV side LV (generator) side 1L1 2L1 1L3 1L2 2L3 2L2 1L1 to 2L1 phase angle is 0 degrees Phase compensation setting: Parameter Function Setting 9141 BB (mains)/generator angle compensation 0 degrees DEIF A/S Page 159 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Typical vector groups Vector group Clock notation Phase shift LV lag degrees compared to HV 0 0 0° 0° 1 1 -30° 30° 2 2 -60° 60° 4 4 -120° 120° 5 5 -150° 150° 6 6 -180°/180° 180° 7 7 150° 210° 8 8 120° 240° 10 10 60° 300° 11 11 30° 330° Vector group 0 The phase shift is 0 degrees.

Phase compensation setting: Parameter Function Setting 9141 BB (mains)/generator angle compensation 30 degrees DEIF A/S Page 160 of 208 . Dy1 example: HV side LV (generator) side 2L1 1L1 2L3 1L3 1L2 2L2 1L1 to 2L1 phase angle is -30 degrees.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Connections: LV 2L1 Generator HV GB Busbar 2L2 1L1 1L2 2L3 1L3 AGC 3/ AGC 4/ PPU/ GPU/ PPM/ GPC 79 81 83 85 87 89 AGC 200 61 63 65 68 70 72 The connection that is shown in the diagram should always be used when an ML-2 is used for a genset. Vector group 1 The phase shift is -30 degrees.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Connections: LV 2L1 Generator HV GB Busbar 2L2 1L1 1L2 2L3 1L3 AGC 3/ AGC 4/ PPU/ GPU/ PPM/ GPC 79 81 83 85 87 89 AGC 200 61 63 65 68 70 72 The connection that is shown in the diagram should always be used when a ML-2 is used for a genset. Phase compensation setting: Parameter Function Setting 9141 BB (mains)/generator angle compensation -30 degrees DEIF A/S Page 161 of 208 . Dy11 example: HV side LV (generator) side 2L1 1L1 2L2 1L3 1L2 2L3 1L1 to 2L1 phase angle is -333/+30 degrees. Vector group 11 The phase angle shift is 11 x (-30) = -330/+30 degrees.

Yy6 example: HV side LV (generator) side 1L1 1L3 2L2 1L2 2L3 2L1 1L1 to 2L1 phase angle is -180/+180 degrees. Phase compensation setting: Parameter Function Setting 9141 BB (mains)/generator angle compensation 180 degrees DEIF A/S Page 162 of 208 . Vector group 6 The phase angle shift is 6 x 30 = 180 degrees.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Connections: LV 2L1 Generator GB HV Busbar 2L2 1L1 1L2 2L3 1L3 AGC 3/ AGC 4/ PPU/ GPU/ PPM/ GPC 79 81 83 85 87 89 AGC 200 61 63 65 68 70 72 The connection that is shown in the diagram should always be used when an ML-2 is used for a genset.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

Additional functions

Connections:
LV

2L1
Generator

HV

GB

Busbar

1L1

2L2

1L2

2L3

1L3

AGC 3/ AGC 4/ PPU/
GPU/ PPM/ GPC

79

81

83

85

87

89

AGC 200

61

63

65

68

70

72

The connection that is shown in the diagram should always be used when an ML-2 is used for
a genset.
Please select 179 degrees in parameter 9141 when vector group 6 is used.
Comparison table between different terminologies
Vector group

Clock notation

Phase shift

LV lag degrees
compared to HV

LV side lagging

LV side leading

0

0

1

1

-30°

30°

30°

2

2

-60°

60°

60°

4

4

-120°

120°

120°

5

5

-150°

150°

150°

6

6

-180°/180°

180°

180°

7

7

150°

210°

150°

8

8

120°

240°

120°

10

10

60°

300°

60°

11

11

30°

330°

30°

180°

In the following, the name vector group will be used.

DEIF A/S

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Additional functions

Table to read parameter 9141 compared to a step-up transformer
Vector group

Step-up transformer types

Parameter 9141

0

Yy0, Dd0, Dz0

1

Yd1, Dy1, Yz1

30°

2

Dd2, Dz2

60°

4

Dd4, Dz4

120°

5

Yd5, Dy5, Yz5

150°

6

Yy6, Dd6, Dz6

180°

7

Yd7, Dy7, Yz7

-150°

8

Dd8, Dz8

-120°

10

Dd10, Dz10

-60°

11

Yd11, Dy11, Yz11

-30°

Note that DEIF does not take responsibility that the compensation is correct. Before closing
the breaker, DEIF recommends that customers always measure the synchronisation themselves.
Note that if voltage measurement is connected incorrectly, the setting in parameter 9141 will be
wrong!
Note that the setting shown in the table above does not include any phase angle twist made by
measurement transformers!
The settings shown in the table above are not correct if a step-down transformer is used.
These settings are shown later.

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Additional functions

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

5.44.3 Setup of step-up transformer and measurement transformer
If the HV side of the transformer is transforming the voltage up to a voltage level higher than 690V AC, it will
be necessary with measurement transformers. The setup of all these parameters can be done from the utility
software. The setup of all these parameters will be explained by an example:

Busbar 10 kV

Measurement
transformer
10/0.1 kV

Dz4
10/0.4 kV

Controller
400V AC
direct input
Current transformer
300/5 A

G
UGEN = 400 V
IGEN = 250 A
The transformer is a Dz4 step-up transformer, with nominal settings of 10/0.4 kV.
The generator has a nominal voltage of 0.4 kV, nominal current of 250 A, and a nominal power of 140 kW.
The measurement transformer has a nominal voltage of 10/0.1 kV, and no phase angle twist!
The nominal voltage of the busbar (BB) is 10 kV.
Because the generator’s nominal voltage is 400 V, there is no need for a measurement transformer on the LV
side in this example. The ML-2 can handle up to 690 V. But it is still required to set up current transformers on
the LV side. In this example, the current transformers have a nominal current of 300/5 A.
Due to the fact that the step-up transformer is a Dz4, there will be a phase angle twist of -120°.
These settings can be programmed by the display or by the utility software. These settings have to be put into
the parameters shown in the table below:

DEIF A/S

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Additional functions

Parameter

Comment

Setting

6002

Generator nominal power

140

6003

Generator nominal current

250

6004

Generator nominal voltage

400

6041

LV measurement transformer primary side. (There is none here)

400

6042

LV measurement transformer secondary side. (There is none here)

400

6043

Current transformer primary side

300

6044

Current transformer secondary side

5

6051

HV (BB) measurement transformer primary side

10000

6052

HV (BB) measurement transformer secondary side

100

6053

Nominal HV setting of step-up transformer

10000

9141

Phase angle compensation

120°

Please note that the ML-2 controller can directly handle voltage levels between 100-690 V. If the
voltage level in the application is higher or lower, it is required to use measurement transformers that transform the voltage into a number between 100 and 690 V.

5.44.4 Vector group for step-down transformer
In some applications, there could also be placed a step-down transformer. This could be to transform a grid
voltage down, so the load can handle the voltage level. The ML-2 controller is able to synchronise the busbar
with the mains, even if there is a step-down transformer with a phase angle twist. The transformer has to be
between the measuring points for ML-2. If a step-down transformer is used, these settings will have to be set
in parameter 9141 to compensate the phase angle twist.
Vector group

Step-up transformer types

Parameter 9141

0

Yy0, Dd0, Dz0

1

Yd1, Dy1, Yz1

-30°

2

Dd2, Dz2

-60°

4

Dd4, Dz4

-120°

5

Yd5, Dy5, Yz5

-150°

6

Yy6, Dd6, Dz6

180°

7

Yd7, Dy7, Yz7

150°

8

Dd8, Dz8

120°

10

Dd10, Dz10

60°

11

Yd11, Dy11, Yz11

30°

If a step-down transformer is mounted with an ML-2 genset unit, the settings shown in the table
above should also be used.

DEIF A/S

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1L1 HV Mains LV MB Load TB Optional Busbar 2L1 1L2 2L2 1L3 2L3 AGC 3/ AGC 4/ PPU/ GPU/ PPM/ GPC 79 81 83 85 87 89 AGC 200 61 63 65 68 70 72 The connection that is shown in the picture should always be used when an ML-2 is used for a mains breaker. The correct connection is shown below.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions If a step-down transformer and an ML-2 for the mains breaker are mounted. please note how the measurements are mounted on the ML-2. DEIF A/S Page 167 of 208 .

The generator has a nominal voltage of 690 V. DEIF A/S Page 168 of 208 . nominal current of 500 A and a nominal power of 480 kW. and therefore there is no need for a measurement transformer. It is still required to set up current transformers. the current transformers have a nominal current of 500/1 A. There is no measurement transformer in this application because the ML-2 is able to handle the voltage levels directly.44. In this example. In this example. The setup of all the parameters can be done from the utility software. which need to be compensated for. The step-down transformer can have a phase angle twist. the HV side is 690 V.5 Setup of step-down transformer and measurement transformer If the HV side of the transformer has a voltage level higher than 690V AC.Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 5. The setup of all these parameters will be explained by an example: Busbar 400 V 400 V Dy1 690/400 V Controller 690V AC direct input Current transformer 500/1 A G UGEN = 690 V IGEN = 500 A The transformer is a Dy1step-down transformer. The nominal voltage of the busbar (BB) is 400 V. with nominal settings of 690/400 V. it will be necessary with measurement transformers.

This readout shows the average maximum peak current over an adjustable time interval. It is possible to have two different readouts shown in the display. demand. The time interval in which the average maximum peak current is calculated can be adjusted in parameter 6840. These settings can be programmed by the display or by the utility software. If the value is reset. 5. The value can be reset in menu 6843. transformers. The thermal demand period will provide an exponential thermal characteristic. When a new maximum peak current is detected. The first readout is called I thermal demand. and shortened in the unit. etc. it will be logged in the event log. The measured peak currents are sampled once every second.1 I thermal demand This measurement is used to simulate a bimetallic system. demand The second readout is called I maximum demand. DEIF A/S Page 169 of 208 . These settings have to be put into the parameters shown in the table below: Parameter Comment Setting 6002 Generator nominal power 480 6003 Generator nominal current 500 6004 Generator nominal voltage 690 6041 HV measurement transformer primary side. (There is none here) 690 6043 Current transformer primary side 500 6044 Current transformer secondary side 1 6051 LV (BB) measurement transformer primary side (There is none here) 400 6052 LV (BB) measurement transformer secondary side (There is none here) 400 6053 Nominal LV setting of step-up transformer 400 9141 Phase angle compensation -30° 5.45. and every 6 seconds an average peak value is calculated.2 I max. there will be a phase angle twist of +30°. it is used to calculate a new average. the value is saved in the display. Be aware that the calculated average is NOT the same as the average current over time. which is specifically suited for indication of thermal loads in conjunction with cables. (There is none here) 690 6042 HV measurement transformer secondary side. known from the Maximum Demand ammeter.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Due to the fact that the step-down transformer is a Dy1. If the peak value is higher than the previous maximum peak value. The value can also be reset. The I thermal demand value is an average of the MAXIMUM PEAK current in the adjustable time interval. The two reset functions will also be available as commands through M-Logic. it will be logged in the event log and the readout in the display is reset to 0. If the value is reset. I max.45. The readout displays the newest maximum peak current value.45 Demand of peak currents 5.

46. 1.46 Fan logic The AGC is able to control four different fans. This could e. The functionality behind the temperature-dependent start/stop is that the AGC measures a temperature. e. The fan control function is active as long as running feedback is detected.g. and based on this temperature it switches on and off relays that must be used for engaging the fan(s) itself. be air supply fans for supplying air to a genset in a closed enclosure. cooling water temperature. 5. Priority rearranging depending on running hours of the fans 2. 5. The setup of the fan control is done in the menus 6561-6620 and by using M-Logic in the PC utility SW. There are two features in the fan control of the AGC.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions Display readout is updated with an interval of 6 seconds. Temperature-dependent start and stop A priority routine ensures that the running hours of the available fans are evened out and the priority shifts between them. because then it is possible to see all parameters. or radiator fans for switching on and off cooling fans for air coolers. It is recommended to use the PC utility SW for the setup. Parameters: DEIF A/S Page 170 of 208 .g.1 Fan parameters Each fan has a group of parameters that defines their scheme of operation.

X) The multi-inputs can be configured to e. the illustrative curve can be observed. A hysteresis (abbreviation: hyst. and this input can be selected between these inputs: ● Three multi-inputs in slot #7 are available ● EIC measurement (engine interface communication) ● External analogue input 1-8 (H8.X) ● Multi-inputs (M16. the fan(s) is (are) started and stopped. DEIF A/S Page 171 of 208 .g.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions M-Logic: 5.3 Fan start/stop The start and stop settings of the fan(s) are set up in parameters 6563 to 6574. this is defined as the highest measured temperature of either cooling water or oil temperatures.or ambient temperature.2 Input for fan control The fan control requires a temperature input in order to start and stop the fans based on a temperature measurement. Fan temperature input is set up in parameter 6561. If EIC is selected.46. a Pt100 sensor that measures an engine.) ensures that there is a range between the start and stop. Based on the measurement of the selected input.46.X) ● Analogue inputs (M15. With the settings in the table below. 5.

5 Fan start delay If two or more fans are requested to be started at the same time.46.46. The relay must be energised for the fan to run. the output relays for fans A to D are selected. DEIF A/S Page 172 of 208 . it is possible to add a start delay between each fan start. The reason for this is to limit the peak start current. 5. This delay is adjusted in the menu 6586. The purpose of these relays is to issue a signal to the fan starter cabinet. so all fans will not contribute with a start current at the same time.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions The following start/stop curve will be generated if a bow setting is used: 5.4 Fan output At parameter 6581 to 6584.

5. below is an example of how to programme it. This is done automatically.7 Fan failure It is possible to activate an alarm if the fan does not start. it is possible to assign a digital input as a running feedback. the fan failure alarms are set up for fans A to D. The "Fan A/B/C/D running command" output tells the AGC that the fan is running. The output is found under Output and Command as shown in the screenshot above.46. The fan failure alarm appears if the running feedback from the fan does not appear. DEIF A/S Page 173 of 208 .AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. because the running hours of the fans are detected and are used for the rearranging.8 Fan priority (running hours) The priority of the fans A to D rotates automatically from 1st to 4th priority.6 Fan running feedback To make sure that the fan is running. The running feedback has to be programmed through M-Logic. 5.46. In parameters 6590 to 6620.46.

the following M-Logic must be programmed: The running hour can be reset by entering parameter 6585 and then selecting the desired fan hours to be reset. then the following M-Logic must be programmed: When it is not possible to get a running feedback from the fan unit. the internal relay of the AGC must be used to indicate that the fan is running. It is not possible to add an offset to the run hour counter. If e. DEIF A/S Page 174 of 208 .g. R57 is the relay for FAN A. Only reset is possible.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions M-Logic setup: If the fan unit is raising a signal that is led to a digital input on the AGC when it is running.

the priority update rate (hours between priority rearrange) is selected: If the fan priority update is set to 0 hours. fan B.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions 5. DEIF A/S Page 175 of 208 . meaning that the relay will remain closed until the setpoint is reached. The renewal function will read the engine hours from the engine interface communication (EIC). Furthermore.47 Oil renewal function The purpose of the oil renewal function is to give the possibility to exchange a small portion of the lubricating oil of the engine with fresh or new oil. 5.9 Fan priority update In parameter 6562. The time interval between the oil changes is assumed to be 1000 hours of operation. the order of priority will be fixed at: Fan A. Then the relay must be used for the oil renewal system (not part of the DEIF scope of supply) where lubricating oil is removed and added to the engine.g. this parameter can be inversed. The function in the AGC is to activate a relay under defined conditions. fan C and fan D. which can be set between 1 and 999 hours to define when the relay should close.46. The running hours counter in the AGC is only used if the EIC counter is not available. contamination and TBN value) in the entire period between the oil changes. Any freely configurable relay is available for this feature. This means that the quality of the oil is kept at a satisfactory level without significant degrading of the oil (e. and it is possible to choose which relay should be used. In parameter 6890 a setpoint is available.

and then the hours counter starts from 0 hours again. If the differential value drops below the setpoint value before the timer runs out. it is possible to compare two analogue inputs and trigger on the difference between the two values. then the timer will be stopped and reset. the relay will close at 750 hours and remain closed until 1000 hours is reached.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Additional functions When the running hours counter has reached 1000 hours. If for example the setpoint has been set to 750 hours and inverse is not enabled.48 Differential measurement 5. the AGC will reset the hours just for the oil renewal function.48. DEIF A/S Page 176 of 208 . If the differential function is for example air filter check.1 Differential measurement With the differential measurement function. 5. the timer will be activated if the setpoint between PA (analogue A) and PB (analogue B) is exceeded.

Additional functions AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Before filter PB Differential limit Differential Alarm ∆ P=PA-PB PA After filter Timer value Six different differential measurements between two analogue input values can be configured. the figure below shows the two parameters for input selection for differential measurement 1. only AGC-4) The relevant alarm setpoint is chosen in parameters 4610-4660 and 4680-4730. only AGC-4) ● Multi-input (M16. Each alarm can be configured in two alarm levels for each differential measurement between analogue input A and input B. Inputs are selected from the input list as shown below.X. for differential measurement 1. avaible inputs are: ● Multi-inputs ● EIC measurements ● External inputs (option H8) ● Analogue input (M15. The figure below shows the two parameters to configure alarm level 1 and 2. Differential measurements between two sensors can be configured in menus 4600-4606 and 4670-4676.X. As an example. DEIF A/S Page 177 of 208 .

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK DEIF A/S Additional functions Page 178 of 208 .

If the function is e.1 General 6. the output is activated.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Protections 6. i. Protections 6. then the timer will be stopped and reset.1 General The protections are all of the definite time type. Timer setting Measured value Setpoint Time Timer Timer start reset Timer start Alarm When the timer runs out. Depending on the selections. In order to ensure reconnection within this interval. If the voltage value falls below the setpoint value before the timer runs out. overvoltage.e. Phase-neutral voltage trip If the voltage alarms are to work based on phase-neutral measurements. The total delay will be the delay setting + the reaction time. please adjust menus 1200 and 1340 accordingly.1. the timer will be activated if the setpoint is exceeded. either phase-phase voltages or phase-neutral voltages will be used for the alarm monitoring. a setpoint and time is selected. the measuring class of the controller and an adequate "safety" margin has to be taken into consideration. When parameterising the DEIF controller. An example: A power generation system must not reconnect to a network when the voltage is 85% of Un +/-0% < U < 110% +/-0%. DEIF A/S Page 179 of 208 . a control unit’s tolerance/accuracy (Class 1 of the measuring range) has to be taken into consideration. It is recommended to set a control unit’s setting range 1-2% higher/lower than the actual setpoint if the tolerance of the interval is +/-0% to ensure that the power system does not reconnect outside the interval.g.

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Protections Phase-neutral UL3-L1 U L3 Phase-phase UL1-L2 UL1-N UL3-L1 UL -N UL -N 2-N UL1-L2 UL1-N U L3 UL2-L3 2-N UL2-L3 As indicated in the vector diagram. there is a difference in voltage values at an error situation for the phaseneutral voltage and the phase-phase voltage. 10% error 380/207 360/185 The alarm will occur at two different voltage levels. even though the alarm setpoint is 10% in both cases. Phase-neutral Phase-phase Nominal voltage 400/230 400/230 Voltage. The table shows the actual measurements at a 10% undervoltage situation in a 400/230 volt system. when the phase-phase voltage changes 40 volts (10%). Example The below 400V AC system shows that the phase-neutral voltage must change 20%. DEIF A/S Page 180 of 208 . Example: UNOM = 400/230V AC Error situation: UL1L2 = 360V AC UL3L1 = 360V AC 20% UL3-L1 UL1-L2 UL1-N UL1-N = 185V AC ΔUPH-N = 20% U L3 UL -N 2-N UL2-L3 Phase-neutral or phase-phase: both the generator protections and the busbar/mains protections use the selected voltage.

The result can be expressed as a curve function where the voltage setpoints are fixed values and the current setpoints can be adjusted (menu 1100).60. The protection will be activated based on the overcurrent setpoint as a function of the measured voltage on the generator voltage terminals. e. During the voltage collapse. the overcurrent setpoint will also drop. A short-circuit current during a voltage collapse can even be lower than the nominal current rating. Voltage and current % values refer to the nominal settings. 200 190 % Nominal Current 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 50 60 70 80 90 100 % Nominal Voltage The voltage values for the six points on the curve are fixed. the current values can be adjusted in the range 50-200%.g.0 sec.1. the generator can only produce part of its usual rating.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Protections 6. a voltage collapse. DEIF A/S Page 181 of 208 . This means that if the voltage drops.2 Voltage-dependent (restraint) overcurrent This protection is used when the generator must be tripped due to a fault situation that creates a reduced generator voltage. Timer value can be adjusted in the range 0.

Governor Frequency AVR (option-dependent) Power P LS X Voltage VAr Schematic Q LS X GB MB GB MB GB MB G X X G X X G X X G G DEIF A/S GB GB Page 182 of 208 . See "General Guidelines for Commissioning". The PID controller is able to eliminate the regulation deviation and can easily be tuned in. an integral regulator and a differential regulator. It consists of a proportional regulator. Controller GOV AVR Comment Frequency X Controls the frequency Power X Controls the power P load sharing X Controls the active power load sharing Voltage (option D1) X Controls the voltage VAr (option D1) X Controls the power factor X Controls the reactive power load sharing Q load sharing (option D1) X The table below indicates when each of the controllers is active. PID controller 7.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK PID controller 7. also three controllers for the AVR control. if option D1 is selected.2 Controllers There are three controllers for the governor control and.1 Description of PID controller The unit controller is a PID controller. 7. This means that the controllers can be tuned in when the shown running situations are present.

3 Principle drawing The drawing below shows the basic principle of the PID controller.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK PID controller Load sharing mode is option-dependent (option G3/G5). 7. The size of the change depends on the gain Kp. The adjustable settings for the PID controllers in the AGC unit are: Kp: Ti: Td: The gain for the proportional part. Set point Σ - P-part (Kp) I-part (Ti) + Σ + Output + D-part (Td) As illustrated in the above drawing and equation. 7.4 Proportional regulator When the regulation deviation occurs. The change of the output at a given Kp setting will be doubled if the regulation deviation doubles. each regulator (P. DEIF A/S Page 183 of 208 . The differential action time for the differential part. the proportional part will cause an immediate change of the output. The function of each part is described in the following. The diagram shows how the output of the P regulator depends on the Kp setting. The integral action time for the integral part. I and D) gives an output which is summarised to the total controller output.

The table shows that the output of the AGC changes relatively much if the maximum speed range is low. With the Kp setting adjusted.1 Speed range Because of the characteristic above it is recommended to use the full range of the output to avoid an unstable regulation. The dynamic area gets smaller if the Kp is adjusted to a higher value. a small regulation deviation will cause a rather big output change.4.4. Max. speed range 10 mA 5 mA 5/10*100% 50 20 mA 5 mA 5/20*100% 25 7. the deviation causes the output to change 5 mA. If the output range used is too small. This is shown in the drawing below. kP 1% regulation deviation kP mA 5 10 15 20 25 A 1% regulation deviation occurs.2 Dynamic regulation area The drawing below shows the dynamic regulation area at given values of Kp. speed range Output change Output change in % of max.PID controller AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK P regulator 2% 4% 100 Output (%) 80 1% 60 40 0. DEIF A/S Page 184 of 208 .5 % 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Kp 7.

4. Integral action time. The integral action time is then measured when the output reaches 2 x 2. The integral action time Ti is defined as the time the integral regulator uses to replicate the momentary change of the output caused by the proportional regulator.5 mA = 5 mA. the output reaches 5 mA twice as fast at a Ti setting of 10 s than with a setting of 20 s. Ti 6 Ti = 10 s 5 Ti = 20 s 4 mA 3 2 1 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 sec As shown in the drawing.3 Integral regulator The main function of the integral regulator is to eliminate offset. In the drawing below the proportional regulator causes an immediate change of 2. DEIF A/S Page 185 of 208 .5 mA.PID controller AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Dynamic regulation band Kp=50 100 Kp=10 75 50 25 Kp=1 Frequency [Hz] 44 45 46 47 48 0 49 50 -25 51 52 53 54 55 56 -50 -75 -100 Output [%] 7.

5 Time [s] Deviation 1: Deviation 2: D-output 1.5 s and the deviation is according to Deviation 1. In most cases. it can be very useful.5 (2. in case of very precise regulation situations. Td=0. thus making it possible to set a higher gain and a lower integral action time Ti. e. A deviation with a slope of 2. The integral action time.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK PID controller The integrating function of the I-regulator is increased if the integral action time is decreased.5 s 0 0 0. Td=0.5 times bigger than deviation 1). static synchronisation.5 1 1. must not be too low. This means that a lower setting of the integral action time Ti results in a faster regulation.5 s: DEIF A/S A deviation with a slope of 1. the I-regulator is switched OFF. the differential regulator is not needed. Td=0. This will make the regulation hunt similar to a too high proportional action factor. This will make the overall regulation eliminate deviations much faster.4 Differential regulator The main purpose of the differential regulator (D-regulator) is to stabilise the regulation.5 s D-output 1. the Kp and the Td setting. Ti. The output from the D-regulator can be explained with the equation: D = Regulator output Kp = Gain de/dt = Slope of the deviation (how fast does the deviation occur) This means that the D-regulator output depends on the slope of the deviation. Output from the D-regulator when Td=0. Page 186 of 208 . D-regulator 8 Output/deviation 7 6 Deviation 2 5 4 3 D-output 2.4.5 2 2. Kp.g. Example: In the following example it is assumed that Kp = 1. however. 7. Td=1s 2 Deviation 1 1 D-output 2. If the Ti is adjusted to 0 s.

The solution to this is to decrease either the weight factor or the parameters of the frequency regulator. Td. An adjustment of 0% means that the power control is switched off.5 s: D-output 2. Since the D-regulator is responding to the slope of the deviation. Td=1 s: PID controller Output from the D-regulator when Td=0. must not be too high. The difference between adjusting the weight value to a high or low value is the speed at which the power regulation deviation is eliminated. then hunting could be experienced. the D-regulator is switched OFF. the weight factor must be adjusted to a higher value than if an easy load sharing is required. When commissioning.5 Load share controller The load share controller is used in whenever load sharing mode is activated. Kp. An adjustment of 100% means that the power regulation is not limited by the weight factor. 7. Td=0.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK D-output 2. So if a firm load sharing is needed.5 s and the deviation is according to Deviation 2. Since the load sharing system requires power regulation as well. Adjustment of the load share controller is done in menu 2540 (analogue control) or 2590 (relay control). DEIF A/S Page 187 of 208 . The primary purpose of the PID controller is always frequency control because frequency is variable in a load sharing system as well as the power on the individual generator. If the Td is adjusted to 0 s. the PID controller can be affected by the power regulator. please keep in mind that the Kp setting has influence on the D-regulator output. An expected disadvantage of a high weight factor is that when a frequency deviation and a power deviation exist.6 Synchronising controller The synchronising controller is used in the AGC whenever synchronising is activated. The differential action time. This will make the regulation hunt similar to a too high proportional action factor. be the load sharing controller. For this purpose a so-called weight factor is used (PWEIGHT). the bigger output from the D-regulator. The adjustments are made in the menu 2050.g. After a successful synchronisation the frequency controller is deactivated and the relevant controller is activated. The example shows that the bigger deviation and the higher Td setting. This could e. Any adjustment in between is possible. The regulation deviation from the power regulator can therefore have great or less influence on the PID controller. Output from the D-regulator when Td=1 s and the deviation is according to Deviation 2. 7. it also means that when there is no change the D-output will be zero. The load share controller is a PID controller similar to the other controllers in the system and it takes care of frequency control as well as power control.

the regulation works like this: Regulator output 45Hz Fix up signal 50Hz Up pulse No reg. DEIF A/S Page 188 of 208 . 7. The phase controller is adjusted in the menu 2070 ("2070 phase controller"). The phase controller takes over when the frequency deviation is so small that the phase angle can be controlled. Static synchronising When synchronising is started. the synchronising controller "2050 fSYNC controller" is activated and the generator frequency is controlled towards the busbar/mains frequency. 55Hz Down pulse Hz Fix down signal The regulation with relays can be split up into five steps.1 Hz gives synchronism each 10 seconds. but with this system on a steady engine the time between synchronism is reduced. the generator will be sped up between the points of synchronisation (12 o’clock to 12 o’clock) of the two systems. One of the advantages of dynamic synchronising is that it is relatively fast. the controller "2050 fSYNC controller" is used during the entire synchronising sequence.PID controller AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Dynamic synchronising When dynamic synchronising is used. In order to improve the speed of the synchronising further.7 Relay control When the relay outputs are used for control purposes. Normally a slip frequency of 0.

In the dynamic range the pulses get shorter and shorter when the regulation deviation gets smaller. 2 Dynamic range Up pulse The regulation is active. and the increase relay will be pulsing in order to eliminate the regulation deviation. 5 Static range Fix down signal The regulation is active. This is the adjusted time "GOV ON time"/("AVR ON time"). The regulation accepts a predefined dead band area in order to increase the lifetime of the relays. the relays will be fixed ON if the regulation deviation is big. Adjustment Description Comment Period time Maximum relay time The time between the beginnings of two subsequent relay pulses.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK PID controller # Range Description Comment 1 Static range Fix up signal The regulation is active. ON time Minimum relay time The minimum length of the relay pulse. 7. DEIF A/S Page 189 of 208 . As it is indicated in the drawing below. If the deviation is small. and they will be pulsing if it is closer to the setpoint. and the decrease relay will be pulsing in order to eliminate the regulation deviation. 4 Dynamic range Down pulse The regulation is active. The longest pulse will appear at the end of the dynamic range (45 Hz in the example above).1 Relay adjustments The time settings for the regulation relays can be adjusted in the control setup.7. If the deviation is big. but the decrease relay will be constantly activated because of the size of the regulation deviation. the length of the relay pulse will depend on the actual regulation deviation. They are shown in the drawing below. The relays will never be activated for a shorter time than the ON time. As the drawing indicates. Just before the dead band area the pulse is as short as it can get. then the pulses will be short. then the pulses will be long (or a continued signal). In this particular range no regulation takes place. but the increase relay will be constantly activated because of the size of the regulation deviation. 3 Dead band area No reg. It is possible to adjust the "period" time and the "ON time".

5 % 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Kp In this example we have a 2 percent regulation deviation and an adjusted value of the Kp = 20. The calculated regulator value of the unit is 40%.PID controller AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Relay ON PERIOD PERIOD ON ON PERIOD PERIOD ON ON PERIOD ON t [sec] HIGH <DEVIATION> LOW 7.7. Now the pulse length can be calculated with a period time = 2500 ms: DEIF A/S Page 190 of 208 . P regulator 2% 4% 100 Output (%) 80 1% 60 40 0.2 Signal length The signal length is calculated compared to the adjusted period time. In the drawing below the effect of the proportional regulator is indicated.

PID controller AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK The length of the period time will never be shorter than the adjusted ON time. a digital input.e. This gives more options to activate the regulation i.8 Droop mode 7. DEIF A/S Page 191 of 208 . If the value is different from 0%. Please see the utility software help function (F1) for details about application configuration. The droop mode parameters can be adjusted between 0-10% droop. This regulation mode can be used where it is required/allowed that the generator frequency drops with increasing load. the droop percentage will be applied on top of the regulation output of the governor (f) or AVR (U). Droop regulation parameters Parameter number Name Description 2514 f droop Droop setting for frequency regulator with analogue output 2573 f droop relay Droop setting for frequency regulator with relay regulation 2644 U droop Droop setting for voltage regulator with analogue output 2693 U droop relay Droop setting for voltage regulator with relay regulation When using droop mode. 7. the AGC has to be configured with a Single DG application drawing.8. M-Logic output M-Logic command Description GOV/AVR control Act.1 Principle and setup Droop mode can be used when a new genset is installed together with existing gensets which operate in droop mode in order to make equal load sharing with the existing gensets. This is done through the utility software or with quick setup. voltage droop regulation Activates the use of voltage droop parameters mentioned above Application configuration When operating in droop mode. the frequency PID (f) and voltage PID (U) is active Activating droop regulation The following M-Logic commands are used to activate droop regulation. AOP button or an event. frequency droop regulation Activates the use of frequency droop parameters mentioned above GOV/AVR control Act.

As it is shown in the example. the principle is the same with voltage droop regulation. 7. The principle is the same with generators in parallel where the generators will use the droop to share the load and allow the voltage/frequency to drop accordingly.2 Voltage droop example The diagram below shows an example for one generator where the voltage droop setting is 4% and 10% in proportion to the reactive power.PID controller AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 7. DEIF A/S Page 192 of 208 .8. the principle is the same with voltage regulation. the voltage drops as the load increases. The load change is marked as ΔP. Q (kVAr). U [V] 400 4% droop 380 10% droop 360 0 50% 0 100% % Q [kVAr] 7. the diagram below shows how a frequency variation gives a change in the load. Freq (Hz) fNOM P(kW) ∆P This can be used if the generator must operate base-loaded.8.8. The load change is marked as ΔP.4 Low droop setting To illustrate the influence of a low droop setting.3 High droop setting To illustrate the influence of a high droop setting. the diagram below shows how a frequency variation gives a change in the load.

the load change (ΔP) is larger than before. DEIF A/S Page 193 of 208 . the droop setting can be used to compensate for the missing droop setting possibility on the governor.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK PID controller In this diagram.8. 7. This means that the generator will vary more in loading than with the higher droop setting. Freq (Hz) fNOM P(kW) ∆P This can be used if the generator must operate as a peak load machine.5 Compensation for isochronous governors When the genset is equipped with a governor only providing isochronous operation.

the synchronising genset is running at 1503 RPM ~ 50.0 Hz. Typically. This means that it is running with a higher speed than the generator on the busbar. DEIF A/S Page 194 of 208 .5 s In the example above. the synchronising genset is running with a positive slip frequency.1 Hertz G Synchronising generator L2 L2 1500 RPM 50.1 Hz. The generator on load is running at 1500 RPM ~ 50.0 s 7.5 s 5. the term "synchronisation" means "synchronising and closing of the synchronised breaker".1 Synchronisation principles The unit can be used for synchronisation of generator and mains breaker (if installed). 8.00 Hertz G L3 L3 Generator on load L1 L1 L1 L1 L1 L1 L1 L3 L1 L3 L2 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 Angle L1gen/L1bus [deg] Synchronised 180° 90° ∆t [s] 0° 0s 2.Synchronisation AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 8. namely static and dynamic synchronisation (dynamic is selected by default). Synchronisation 8.1 Hz. Two different synchronisation principles are available. This chapter describes the principles of the synchronisation functions and the adjustment of them. The objective is to avoid a reverse power trip after the synchronisation.2 Dynamic synchronisation In dynamic synchronisation the synchronising genset is running at a different speed than the generator on the busbar. The dynamic principle is illustrated below. Synchronisation principle – dynamic synchronisation LOAD GB GB Speed: Speed: 1503 RPM 50. This speed difference is called slip frequency. In the following. This gives the synchronising genset a positive slip frequency of 0.

then the two systems will be synchronised every 10 seconds. the incoming genset will receive power from the original genset. Please observe the chapter regarding PID controllers and the synchronising controllers.1 Hz compared to the busbar. but for illustrative purposes the vectors for the generator on load are not shown to be rotating. These two systems are the three-phase system of the generator and the three-phase system of the busbar. When the generator is running with a positive slip frequency of 0.1 Hz): The synchronisation pulse is always issued.2. whereas phase L1 of the synchronising genset is pointing in different directions due to the slip frequency.1 Close signal The unit always calculates when to close the breaker to get the most accurate synchronisation.2. and the slip frequency is 0. In the illustration above. The breaker close signal will be issued depending on the breaker closing time and the slip frequency (response time of the circuit breaker is 250 ms. Illustration 1 below indicates that at a given positive slip frequency. In the illustration above. 8. and the breaker will be closed. 8. This is because we are only interested in the slip frequency for calculating when to release the synchronisation pulse. Then the genset is synchronised to the busbar. the incoming genset will export power to the load. The length of the synchronisation pulse is the response time + 20 ms (2020 Synchronisation). it will take a portion of the load depending on the actual position of the fuel rack. Illustration 2 below shows that at a given negative slip frequency. phase L1 of the busbar is always pointing at 12 o’clock. This phenomenon is called reverse power. so the closing of the breaker will occur at the 12 o’clock position. This means that the close breaker signal is actually issued before being synchronised (read L1 phases exactly at 12 o’clock). Of course both three-phase systems are rotating. DEIF A/S Page 195 of 208 .2 Load picture after synchronising When the incoming genset has closed its breaker. the difference in the phase angle between the synchronising set and the busbar gets smaller and will eventually be zero.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation The intention of the synchronising is to decrease the phase angle difference between the two rotating systems.

2022 fMIN Minimum slip frequency Adjust the maximum negative slip frequency where synchronising is allowed. Setting Description Comment 2021 fMAX Maximum slip frequency Adjust the maximum positive slip frequency where synchronising is allowed. POSITIVE slip frequency ______________________________________________________________________________________ FUEL INDEX 0% G1 100% PGen1 GB LOAD FUEL INDEX 0% G2 100% PGen2 GB Reverse power Illustration 2. 2023 UMAX Maximum voltage differrence (+/.2. type in the control setup and is adjusted in 2020 Synchronisation.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation To avoid nuisance trips caused by reverse power. 2025 tMB Mains breaker closing time Adjust the response time of the mains breaker. DEIF A/S Page 196 of 208 . NEGATIVE slip frequency 8. 2024 tGB Generator breaker closing time Adjust the response time of the generator breaker.value) The maximum allowed voltage difference between the busbar/mains and the generator. FUEL INDEX 0% G1 100% PGen1 GB LOAD FUEL INDEX 0% G2 100% PGen2 GB Illustration 1. the synchronising settings can be set up with a positive slip frequency.3 Adjustments The dynamic synchroniser is selected in 2000 Sync.

The aim is to let them run at exactly the same speed and with the phase angles between the three-phase system of the generator and the three-phase system of the busbar matching exactly.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation It is obvious that this type of synchronisation is able to synchronise relatively fast because of the adjusted minimum and maximum slip frequencies. Dynamic synchronisation is recommended where fast synchronisation is required. then synchronising can still occur as long as the frequency is within the limits of the slip frequency adjustments. It is not recommended to use the static synchronisation principle when relay regulation outputs are used. The static principle is illustrated below. Static and dynamic synchronisation can be switched by using M-logic. This is due to the slower nature of the regulation with relay outputs. Synchronisation principle – static synchronisation LOAD GB GB Speed: Speed: 1500. the synchronising genset is running very close to the same speed as the generator on the busbar.3 RPM 50. This actually means that when the unit is aiming to control the frequency towards its setpoint.3 Static synchronisation In static synchronisation.00 Hertz G L1 L1 L1 L1 L1 L3 L2 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 Angle L1gen/L1bus [deg] Synchronised 30° 20° 10° 0° DEIF A/S t [s] Page 197 of 208 . and where the incoming gensets are able to take load just after the breaker has been closed.01 Hertz G Synchronising generator α α L1 L3 L2 Generator on load α L1 L1 L3 1500 RPM 50. 8.

a "close window" can be adjusted.3. then the phase controller takes over. no load jump will occur. This is illustrated in the example above where the phase controller brings the phase angle from 30 deg. When the genset frequency is within 50 mHz of the busbar frequency. 8. dU difference Max. because the slip frequency is either very small or nonexisting. To be able to get a faster synchronisation. This is illustrated in the drawing below. 8. Since the fuel rack position almost exactly equals what is required to run at the busbar frequency. to 0 deg. DEIF A/S Page 198 of 208 . ± close window Max.Synchronisation AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK 8.3.3 Load picture after synchronisation The synchronised genset will not be exposed to an immediate load after the breaker closure if the maximum df setting is adjusted to a low value.3.1-20. This controller uses the angle difference between the generator system and the busbar system as the controlling parameter.2 Close signal The close signal will be issued when phase L1 of the synchronising generator is close to the 12 o’clock position compared to the busbar which is also in 12 o’clock position. dU difference Direction of rotation UBB UGEN The synchronisation pulse is sent dependent on the settings in menu 2030. It is not relevant to use the response time of the circuit breaker when using static synchronisation. It depends on whether it is the GB or the MB that is to be synchronised. the frequency controller will bring the genset frequency towards the busbar frequency.0 deg. The range is +/-0.1 Phase controller When the static synchronisation is used and the synchronising is activated. The close signal can be issued when the phase angle UGENL1-UBBL1 is within the adjusted setpoint. If the maximum df setting is adjusted to a high value. then the observations in the section about "dynamic synchronisation" must be observed.

value related to the nominal generator voltage. for instance if several gensets synchronise to a busbar with no load groups connected. DEIF A/S Page 199 of 208 . 2032 Maximum dU The maximum allowed voltage difference between the busbar/mains and the generator. 2061 Phase KP Adjustment of the proportional factor of the PI phase controller. Static and dynamic synchronisation can be switched by using M-logic. 8. "Infinite sync" will close the GB to the busbar and run the generator in sync with the mains. It is also possible to close the breaker before the engine is started.value. Only used during analogue regulation output. When the gensets are started up. and as soon as the excitation is switched on. 2036 Static type MB "Breaker" or "Infinite sync" can be chosen. +/. because in that case the breakers will not be closed until the generator voltage is in the synchronised position.Synchronisation AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK After the synchronising.4 Adjustments The following settings must be adjusted if the static synchroniser is selected in menu 2000: Setting Description Comment 2031 Maximum df The maximum allowed frequency difference between the busbar/mains and the generator. The purpose of the "close before excitation" is that the gensets are able to be ready for the load very quickly. and it takes some time to achieve that position. 2070 Phase KP Adjustment of the proportional factor of the PI phase controller. 8.value. +/. Static synchronisation is recommended where a slip frequency is not accepted. 2035 Static type GB "Breaker" or "Infinite sync" can be chosen. the breakers will be closed and the excitation started. The GB is not allowed to close. the unit will change the controller setpoint according to the requirements of the selected genset mode.4 GB closing before excitation It is possible to adjust the AGC to start up the genset with the excitation switched off. The MB is not allowed to close. This function is called "close before excitation". the gensets are ready for operation. 2034 Static sync Minimum time inside the phase window before sending a close command. 2062 Phase KI Adjustment of the integral factor of the PI phase controller. 2033 Closing window The size of the window where the synchronisation pulse can be released. Only used during relay regulation output. +/.3. All of the gensets will be connected to the busbar as soon as they are started. "Infinite sync" will close the MB to the busbar and run the generator in sync with the mains. This is faster than the normal synchronising.

Flowchart abbreviations Delay 1 Delay 2 Delay 3 = = = Menu 2252 Menu 2262 Menu 2271 SP1 SP2 = = Menu 2251 Menu 2263 DEIF A/S Page 200 of 208 . This can be the case when the gensets connect to a transformer. When the excitation is activated. This function can only be used with a magnetic pick-up or J1939 speed signal. The principle is described in the flowcharts below. As soon as the excitation is activated.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation The "close before start" function can also be used if the load requires a "soft" start. The function can be used in the single AGC but also the AGC with option G4 or G5. then the regulators of the AGC will be switched on after an adjustable delay. the generators will equalise the voltage and frequency and will eventually run in a synchronised system. The excitation must be increased slowly when this function is used.

4.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation 8. GB handling Start Start DG(s) No RPM > SP1 No Delay 1 expired Yes Yes Close GB No RPM > SP2 No Delay 1 expired Yes Trip GB Start excitation Activate regulators Delay 2 expired Yes Delay 1 expired on all DG(s) Yes Start excitation No No Yes Delay 2 expired No Yes No Delay 3 expired UBUS OK No Activate regulators Yes ”Close before excitation” failure No Yes Yes End DEIF A/S UBUS OK Sync GB No Delay 3 expired Yes ”Close before excitation” failure Page 201 of 208 .1 Flowchart 1.

2 Flowchart 2. TB handling (option G5) Start No TB Open Yes Any GB closed No Yes PAVAIL > PCAP No Yes ”GB + TB” No Yes MB OFF No Yes Close TB Sync TB End DEIF A/S Page 202 of 208 .4.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation 8.

Synchronisation

AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK

8.4.3 Genset start actions
The start sequence of the AGC is changed in order to achieve the function "close before excitation". The following parameters must be adjusted:
Menu

Description

Comment

2251

RPM setpoint
for breaker
closing

The generator breaker will close at the adjusted level. The range is from 0-400
RPM. If it is adjusted to 0, then the breaker will be closed when the start command is given.
In the example below the setting is adjusted to 400.

2252

RPM timer

The genset must reach the setpoint (menu 2263) within the adjusted delay.
When the delay expires and the RPM is above the setpoint, then the excitation
will be started. If the RPM is below the setpoint, then the GB will be tripped.

2253

Output A

Select the relay output that must be used to start the excitation.
Configure the relay to be a limit relay in the I/O setup.

2255

Enable

Enable the function "close before excitation".

Engine RPM

1500 RPM
1350 RPM

400 RPM

time
Close GB

Start RPMNOM
excitation

The diagram above shows that the GB will be closed at 400 RPM. When the engine RPM has reached the
setpoint (menu 2263) (1450 RPM), then the excitation is switched on.

8.4.4 Breaker sequence
The "GB close before start" function can be used in three applications:
1. AGC single genset plant
2. AGC power management plant - no tie breaker present
3. AGC power management plant - tie breaker present
In one of the applications a tie breaker is present, and it must be adjusted in the menu 2261 whether only the
generator breaker must be closed or both the generator breaker and also the tie breaker.

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Synchronisation

The breaker sequence adjustments are the following:
Menu

Description

Comment

2261

Breaker selection

Select breakers to close: GB or GB + TB.

2262

Timer

The timer defines the period from the excitation is started and until the regulation is activated. The alarms with inhibit set to "Not run status" will be activated
after this timer has expired.

2263

Excitation start
level

The setting defines at what minimum level of RPM the excitation can be started.

2264

Voltage discharge

This timer delays the closing of the GB after removing excitation. The intention
of this delay is to let the voltage of the generator discharge, so that only remanence voltage is present when the GB is closed.

8.4.5 "Close before excitation" failure
If the starting of the genset does not succeed, then the alarm menu 2270 "Cl.bef.exc.fail" will occur, and the
selected fail class will be executed.

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Synchronisation

8.5 Separate synchronising relay
When the AGC gives the synchronising command, then the relays on terminal 17/18/19 (generator breaker)
and terminal 11/12/13 (mains breaker) will activate, and the breaker must close when this relay output is activated.
This default function can be modified using a digital input and extra relay outputs depending on the required
function. The relay selection is made in the menu 2240, and the input is selected in the input settings in the
utility software.
The table below describes the possibilities.
Input

Relay

Relay selected
Two relays used

Relay not selected
One relay used

Not used

Synchronising:
The breaker ON relay and the sync. relay activate at the
same time when synchronising is OK.
Blackout closing:
The breaker ON relay and the sync. relay activate at the
same time when the voltage and frequency are OK.

Synchronising:
The breaker ON relay activates
when synchronising is OK.
Blackout closing:
The breaker ON relay activates
when the voltage and frequency
are OK.
DEFAULT selection

Low

Synchronising:
Not possible.
Blackout closing:
The breaker ON relay and the sync. relay activate at the
same time when the voltage and frequency are OK.

Synchronising:
Not possible.
Blackout closing:
The breaker ON relay activates
when the voltage and frequency
are OK.

High

Synchronising:
The relays will activate in two steps when the synchronising is selected:
1. Breaker ON relay activates.
2. When synchronised the sync. relay activates.
See note below!
Blackout closing:
The breaker ON relay and the sync. relay activate at the
same time when the voltage and frequency are OK.

Synchronising:
Not possible.
Blackout closing:
The breaker ON relay activates
when the voltage and frequency
are OK.

When two relays are used together with the separate sync. input, then please notice that the
breaker ON relay will be activated as soon as the GB ON/synchronising sequence is activated.
Care must be taken that the GB ON relay cannot close the breaker, before the sync. signal is
issued by the sync. relay.
The selected relay for this function must have the "limit" function. This is adjusted in the I/O
setup.

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Synchronisation

8.6 Inhibit conditions before synchronising mains breaker
This function is used to inhibit the synchronising of the mains breaker after blackout. After blackout, the timer
in menu 2291 ("Delay activate recovery 2") will start to run, and if the mains voltage and frequency are inside
the limits (2281/2282/2283/2284) before the timer runs out, the short interruption timer (menu 2292 "Recovery
del. 1") will be started. When the timer has run out, the synchronising of the MB will start.

Mains failure

Delay act. rec2
2291

Mains condition
Ok 2281-2284

Yes

No

Delay act. rec2
Expires 2291

Mains condition
Ok 2281-2284

Yes

Recovery del.2
2294

Recovery del.1
2292

Close Mains
breaker

If the "Delay activate recovery 2" timer runs out, the long interruption timer (menu 2294 "Recovery del. 2") will
start to run.
Examples:
Recovery timer 1 (short interruption timer)
Menu 2291 = 3 s
Menu 2292 = 5 s
That means: if the short interruption timer is set to < 3 s, and the grid is back and voltage and frequency are
inside the acceptable range stated above, then after 5 s the MB can be closed.

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2"). Then the MB can be closed.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Synchronisation Recovery timer 2 (long interruption timer) Menu 2291 = 3 s Menu 2294 = 60 s The long interruption timer will allow the MB to reconnect as soon as the mains voltage and frequency have been uninterrupted within the timer setting in menu 2294 ("Recovery del. The inhibit parameters for synchronising the MB are disabled by default. DEIF A/S Page 207 of 208 .

3000-3490. For further information. 2000-2780.AGC-4 DRH 4189340686 UK Parameter list 9. Parameter list 9. 4120-4990. DEIF A/S Page 208 of 208 .1 Related parameters The Designer’s Reference Handbook relates to the parameters 1000-1980. 6000-6900 and 7000-7120. please see the separate parameter list. 5000-5270. document number 4189340688.