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Task 1
I.1. What should a word end with so that when it is in (for a noun) plural form or (for a verb) third
person the S (or ES) ending is pronounced /s/, /z/ and /iz/?

I.2. What should a word end with so that when it is in past form the ED ending is pronounced /d/, /id/
and /t/?

Task 2
Choose the word with a different stress pattern:
1. A. apprehension

B. preferential

C. conventional

D. calculation

2. A. forgettable

B. philosophy

C. humanism

D. objectively

3. A. environmental

B. conservatively

C. approximately

D. considerable

4. A. collaboration

B. possibility

C. technological

D. probability

5. A. satisfactory

B. alternate

C. military

D. generously

Task 1
For each of the sentences below, rewrite two new sentences as similar as possible in meaning to the
original sentence, but using the words given in capital letters. These words must not be altered in any

A. NEED: ____________________________________________________________________ REQUIRED:________________________________________________________________ 2. I’m annoyed with you for not phoning me to say you’d be late. of / from from / of of / of from / from The food she has prepared for the party is not enough. C. D. for there are ______ more people that she A. much many too so So little ______ about mathematics that the lecture was completely beyond me. 1. B. The embassy said it would not be necessary for me to get a visa. It seems to be a foregone conclusion that Davis will win the gold medal. He _______ when the bus came to a sudden stop.1. A. He stood no chance of passing his exam. 3. BOUND:___________________________________________________________________ INEVITABLE:______________________________________________________________ Task 2 Choose the answer that best completes the sentences. expected. D. C. D. B. A. B. MIGHT:___________________________________________________________________ EARTH:___________________________________________________________________ 5. I know . C. I’m sure he missed the eleven o’clock train. 4. CERTAIN:_________________________________________________________________ LIKELIHOOD:______________________________________________________________ 4. MUST:____________________________________________________________________ CAN’T:____________________________________________________________________ 3. 2. was almost hurt was to hurt himself was hurt himself was hurting himself The man didn’t die _______ hunger but _______ eating too much.

has left D. what is needed B. A. By now 8. B. Now that C. D. For now B. ________ we have finished the course. D. All ________ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.B. that is needed 10. I decided to go to the library as soon as I _______. should were be was The replacement of shops such as the groceries and chemists by cafes ________ the housewives with insufficient facilities for shopping. I would appreciate ________ it a secret. the thing needed D. A. that you will keep 9. would finish what I did C. I knew do I know did I know He insisted that his method _______ correct. A. Ever since D. 5. we shall start doing more revision work. leave B. that you keep D. for our needs C. C. 6. finished what I was doing I. finish what I did B. to have left 7. A. A. have left C. you to keep C. A. finished what I did D. C. . your keeping B.

City Library Head Librarian Example: Mrs._____ Lecture Series 9._____ Second floor Adult collection Third floor Book carts 3. Activity Location Day and Time Story time Children’s Room 6.______ Reference Room Saturday at 8._____ . LISTENING SECTION 1. Phillips Hours 1._____ Room Friday at 10. Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/ORA NUMBER for each answer._____ Brown cart Books to re-shelve Black cart Books to 4._____ to 4:30 Books Ground floor 2. QUESTIONS 1-10 Questions 1-5 Complete the information below._____ at 11:00 7.II._____ White cart Books to 5._____ Questions 6-10 Complete the library schedule below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

a video Questions 14 and 15 Answer the questions below. B. What two sources of information will the students use when preparing their presentation? _______________________________________________________________________________________ 17. В. В. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Put the bird in a A. a case study F. obviously hurt. 17. QUESTIONS 11-20 Questions 11-13 Choose THREE letters. Only rescue birds that are A. all alone. 16. С. petting it. sitting on the ground. A-F. В. or C. cage. bag. С. maps E. gloves. A. 18. talking to it. Which THREE things are the students required to submit to their professor? A.SECTION 2. a list of resources used С. Protect yourself by wearing A. 16. box. charts and graphs В. protective glasses. a hat. a written summary D. С. В. . Keep the bird calm by A. What will the students show during their presentation? _______________________________________________________________________________________ Questions 16-20 Choose the correct letter. 19.

SECTION 3. crocodiles D._____ and 600 22. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer. sea turtles C. seahorses H. The Great Barrier Reef is made up of 3. 20. sharks F. starfish G. leaving it alone. Which FIVE оf these kinds of animals inhabiting the Great Barrier Reef are mentioned? A.000 21. whales .С. Questions 24-28 Choose FIVE letters A—I. play music. С. When transporting the bird. Over 400 kinds of 23. drive very slowly._____ can be found there._____ . speak quietly. frog E. dolphins В. QUESTIONS 21-30 Questions 21-23 Complete the information about the Great Barrier Reef. В. clams I. A.

What has been one response to this problem? _______________________________________________________________________________________ III. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.Questions 29 and 30 Answer the questions below. . What causes coral bleaching? _______________________________________________________________________________________ 40. 29.

Because of this dependency. In the early 1500s. British landowners realized that the best way to profit from these holdings was to extract the resources and exports and charge expensive rents and taxes for people to live on the land. READING: You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 41-53 Irish Potato Famine A. A number of factors contributed to the plummet of the Irish population. the population of Ireland was reduced by a quarter. however. the plots were continuously subdivided into . For more than one hundred years. the people were held captive to their poverty by the British tenure system. the English had turned their focus to their colonial land holdings. however. one of the main concerns in Ireland was overpopulation. Their families were dying from famine. While the potato blight generated mass starvation among the Irish. namely the Irish dependency on the potato crop. the British tenure system. It was not until Marie Antoinette wore potato blossoms in her hair in the mid-eighteenth century that potatoes became a novelty. By 1800. D.IV. The bountiful potato crop. the country's population was estimated at less than three million. however. the general assumption is that it arrived on a Spanish ship sometime in the 1600s. Not only did the disease destroy the potato crops. the dietary value of the potato had been discovered. including many of those who attempted to immigrate to countries such as the United States and Canada. and the monarchs of Europe ordered the vegetable to be widely planted. and barley relied on earnings from these exported crops to keep their rented homes. but by 1840 this number had nearly tripled. By the late 1700s. В. Prior to the potato blight. Families stored potatoes for the winter and even fed potatoes to their livestock. As the population of Ireland grew. Those who did manage to grow things such as oats. Under the tenure system. was largely to blame for the population growth.000 Irish people died. or vapors from underground volcanoes. within five years of the failed crop of 1845. the unexpected potato blight of 1845 devastated the Irish. In the ten years following the Irish potato famine of 1845. and the inadequate relief efforts of the English. which was divided up into five-acre plots for the people to live and farm on. which contains almost all of the nutrients that a person needs for survival. over 750. it also infected all of the potatoes in storage at the time. However. С. It wasn't uncommon for an Irish potato farmer to consume more than six pounds of potatoes a day. Europeans believed that potatoes belonged to a botanical family of a poisonous breed. Protestant landlords owned 95 percent of the Irish land. wheat. the root cause was later discovered as an airborne fungus that traveled from Mexico. It is not known exactly how or when the potato was first introduced to Europe. the vast majority of the Irish population had become dependent on the potato as its primary staple. smoke from railroad trains. Following the Napoleonic Wars of 1815. Investigators at first suggested that the blight was caused by static energy. but weakened farmers had retained little of their agricultural skills to harvest other crops.

Questions 41-45 The passage has seven paragraphs. G. receive education. allowed assistant Charles Trevelyan to take complete control over all of the relief efforts in Ireland. tore apart families. For this hasty decision. he even took steps to close food depots that were selling corn and to redirect shipments of com that were already on their way to Ireland. practice their faith. explanation of the lack of legal protection for Irish peasants 45. Under the Penal Laws. The majority of the British officials in the 1840s adopted the laissez-faire philosophy. the landlords had little compassion or sympathy for tenants unable to pay their rent. which supported a policy of nonintervention in the Irish plight. seek certain kinds of employment. the importance of the potato in Irish society Questions 45-53 . 41. A few relief programs were eventually implemented. of Irish dependents still carry animosity toward the British for not putting people before politics. The potato blight itself still plagues the Irish people during certain growing seasons when weather conditions are favorable for the fungus to thrive. F. A-G.000 Irish tenants were evicted by their landlords between 1845 and 1847. Despite the famine that was devastating Ireland. A number. The new Prime Minister. Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter in boxes 41-45 on your Answer Sheet. however. Approximately 500. a description of the system of land ownership in Ireland ' 43. Some of the homes that were evacuated by absentee landlords still sit abandoned in the Irish hills. these were poorly run institutions that facilitated the spread of disease. the position of the British government towards the potato famine 42.smaller parcels. and own land. Many of these people also had their homes burned down and were put in jail for overdue rent. Descendants of those who fled Ireland during the 1840s are dispersed all over the world. which had been put in place to protect British grain producers from the competition of foreign markets. Many of the effects of the Irish potato famine are still evident today. He showed compassion toward the Irish by making a move to repeal the Corn Laws. Lord John Russell. such as soup kitchens and ' workhouses. The Penal Laws were also instituted as a means of weakening the Irish spirit. Peel quickly lost the support of the British people and was forced to resign. During this same period of colonization. Living conditions declined dramatically. and offered inadequate food supplies considering the extent of Ireland's shortages. and families were forced to move to less fertile land where almost nothing but the potato would grow. early European attitudes toward the potato 44. Irish peasants were denied basic human rights. such as the right to speak their own native language. E. Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel was an exception. Claiming that it would be dangerous to let the Irish become dependent on other countries. Trevelyan believed that the Irish situation should be left to Providence.

because there wasn't enough land for the increasing population. and barley didn't eat these crops 50. H. so you won't use them all. A-L from the box at the top of the next page. Many Irish farmers lived on infertile plots 51. Farmers who grew oats. because Charles Trevelyan took over relief efforts. G. because they weren't well-managed. There are more endings than sentences. I. 46. J. because his efforts to help the Irish were unpopular among the British. The potato blight was devastating to the Irish 49. Soup kitchens and workhouses didn't relieve the suffering Sentence Endings A. D. . because it was discovered that potatoes are full of nutrients. F. because potatoes were their main source of food. С. At first Europeans didn't eat potatoes 47. E. because they believed that potatoes were poisonous. because the British instituted penal laws. Many Irish farmers were arrested 52. because they couldn't pay the rent on their farms. because railroad trains caused air pollution. because Marie Antoinette used potato blossoms as decoration. Sir Robert Peel lost his position as prime minister 53. В. European monarchs encouraged potato growing 48. L.Complete each sentence with the correct ending. wheat. because they needed the profits to pay the rent. Write the correct letter in boxes 21-28 on your Answer Sheet. К.