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5U Compact System

(-48VDC or -60VDC, +ve Earth)
Installation Manual
V1.0

Manufactured by Enatel Ltd.
321 Tuam Street
PO Box 22-333
Christchurch
New Zealand
Phone +64-3-366-4550
Fax +64-3-366-0884
Email sales@enatel.net
www.enatel.net
Copyright © Enatel Ltd. 2010

Enatel DC System Manual

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

Receiving Instructions ................................................................................................ 3

2

Scope ......................................................................................................................... 4

3

System Overview ....................................................................................................... 4

4

Installation .................................................................................................................. 5
4.1

Unpacking & Installing in Frame ................................................................................. 5

4.2

AC & DC Cabling ........................................................................................................ 5

4.3

DC Cabling ................................................................................................................. 6

4.4

Alarm/Ancillary Cabling .............................................................................................. 7

5

LVD Operation.......................................................................................................... 10

6

Commissioning ......................................................................................................... 11

7

Appendix 1 – Enatel Essential System Set – Up Parameters ................................... 16

8

Appendix 2 – Maintenance ....................................................................................... 18

9

Appendix 3 – AC Input Transient Protection ............................................................. 19

10

Appendix 4 – Installation of AC Input Cover ............................................................. 21

11

Appendix 4 – System Wiring Diagram ...................................................................... 22

Enatel DC System Manual

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Handling Handle the equipment with care. We present all equipment to the delivering carrier securely packed and in perfect condition. Identification Labels Model numbers are clearly marked on all equipment. Enatel DC System Manual Page 3 of 22 . call the delivering carrier to determine the appropriate action. parts or manuals. We will determine if the equipment should be returned to our plant for repair or if some other method would be more expeditious. If repair is necessary. Package Inspection • • Examine the shipping crate or carton for any visible damage: punctures. Equipment Inspection • • • • Within fifteen days. the following information and the product manual should be read and thoroughly understood before unpacking. ask the delivering carrier to send the packages back at the delivering carrier’s expense. Save all the shipping materials for the inspector to see! After the inspection has been made and you have found damage. it is your responsibility to document any damage the carrier may have inflicted. They may require an inspection. Upon acceptance of the package from us. installing and using the equipment. open crate or carton and inspect the contents for damages. we will invoice you for the repair so that you may submit the bill to the delivering carrier with your claim forms. It is your responsibility to file a claim with the delivering carrier. be careful not to discard any equipment. While unpacking. call us. Do not drop or lean on front panel or connectors. Failure to properly file a claim for shipping damages may void warranty service for any physical damages later reported for repair. Please refer to these numbers in all correspondence with Enatel. Describe any damage or shortage on the receiving documents and have the carrier sign their full name. and to file your claim promptly and accurately. If any damage is detected. the delivering carrier assumes responsibility for its safe arrival to you. Once you receive the equipment.1 RECEIVING INSTRUCTIONS CAUTION: For your protection. Keep away from moisture. dents and any other signs of possible internal damage. If it is determined that the equipment should be returned to us.

3 SYSTEM OVERVIEW The 5U Compact DC Power System has a maximum power output of 14. - 4x 100A Battery Circuit Breaker. All the AC. The system is designed to be extremely simple to install and set up. 1x 63A Load MCB - 1x 63A. - 1x 35mm2 spare earth terminal Note: This system is supplied with the AC and DC earths connected. Enatel DC System Manual Page 4 of 22 . 1x 32A. The following is a summary of the system: - Overall size is 483mm wide (19” standard mounting) x 227.2mm high (5U) x 390mm deep - Up to 7 x 33 amp (-48V or -60V) RM18xx rectifiers or 7 x 41.. producing a maximum current output of 291A/-48V. 1x 16A. these may be specified as different values (from 2A to 63A) at time of order. - DC Distribution consisting of the following. are provided in separate manuals for the SM3x supervisory module and RM1848/RM2048 rectifiers. one neutral and one earth terminal. The standard system output has the DC Common in the positive side of the circuit (+ve earth system). Alarm connections are accessible from the front by pulling the Supervisory Module forward. System set-up for the rectifiers. 1x 20A.7 amp (-48V) RM2048 rectifiers (may be packaged separately) - SM3x Supervisory Module (fully integrated in the system) - Battery Low Voltage Disconnect fitted as standard (300A rating). The earth link can be removed from the system to isolate earths. these may be specified as different values (from 63A to 125A) at time of order. PSC140705xx-107. 3Pole AC Input Isolator - 3x 63A Rectifier AC Input Breakers - System weight is approximately 15. 1x 10A. - Single set of 3-phase input terminals (three phase. All installation and maintenance must be carried out by suitably qualified personnel. DC (Load and Battery) connections are made at the rear of the unit.5kg with seven rectifiers fitted.9kg without rectifiers. 10mm2 each). Please see the relevant section. so no connections need to be made internally.0kW. and 27.2 SCOPE This manual covers essential information for the installation and commissioning of Enatel 5U Compact DC Power System. 2Pole DC Isolator 5x 6A. - 1x 125A. alarms etc. The system is intended to be a complete power system in a box.

4 INSTALLATION 4. The system is fitted with a spare 35mm2 earth terminal as shown.1. IO PCB (Optional) RS 232 Port AC Input 2 35mm Spare Earth Terminal Temperature Sensors Fig.1 Unpacking & Installing in Frame Upon unpacking. but can be removed if output is required to be isolated.1. The AC earth is also internally bonded to the system chassis by earth bus as shown in Fig 1. however M5 may be used with washers. The mounting screws should be M6. check that the unit is not damaged. The terminals can accept up to 10mm2 cables.2 AC & DC Cabling The AC terminals are clearly marked at the rear of the system as shown in Fig 1.1. DC Common (+ve) is connected to the AC earth as shown in Fig 1. ensure AC cable connector cover is fitted and secured (see Appendix 4 for details). Be sure to mount the unit in the 19” frame squarely if M5 screws are used. 4. Ensure the 19” mounting rails are able to withstand mounting of the system. For AC input Transient Protection refer Appendix 3 at the rear of this manual. The AC earth terminal earths the System chassis.0 System Rear View Enatel DC System Manual Page 5 of 22 . and that you have the required number of rectifiers. Please note the complete system weight is 27.5kg. The unit fits into a standard 19” mounting frame.0. Once cables are connected.

-48V or -60V) All Load live DC and Common connections are made to the connectors at the rear of the unit as shown in Fig 2. 2 DC Output Terminals (+ve Earth System.1 AC – DC Earth Link 4. Remove all jewellery and rings from oneself prior to commencing the installation. These terminals are all 16mm2.1. Battery Live Battery Common Cable tie Slots Load Common Load Live (-48V) Strain Relief for Cables Fig. Enatel DC System Manual Page 6 of 22 . The battery terminals shown can cater for cables up to 35mm2. Ensure cables are strain relieved by utilising the cable tie slots provided. Always use insulated tools when fitting batteries and take extreme care not to short terminals when working on them.AC-DC Earth Link (Remove link for Isolated Output) Earth Bus Fig.3 DC Cabling CAUTION: Use extreme care when fitting batteries & their connections.

then via a Low Voltage Disconnect relay and current shunt to the internal live bus as shown in Fig 2. The relay states labelled Normally Open or Normally Closed are for their de-energised state. see Fig 3.1. Enatel DC System Manual Page 7 of 22 . If an alarm is programmed for the relay to be normally energised (as may be possible in the case of a low voltage alarm where loss of power will put the alarm into its active state). ensure they are kept away from the AC and DC power cables when possible.Live Bus Current Shunt Battery Low Voltage Disconnect Contactor IO PCB (Optional) Fig. then be sure to connect the remote wiring appropriately. For monitor removal. When routing the cables.1 and the wiring schematic at the rear of this manual.4 Alarm/Ancillary Cabling Alarm and communication cables terminate directly into the rear of the Supervisory Module. 2. unlock SM3x by lifting the green locking tab as shown in Fig 3. These terminals are accessible by pulling the monitor forward to expose connections.1 System Internal (Top View) The internal battery cabling goes directly to the circuit breaker. 4.

3. cables may be fed from the rear of the unit without the removal of the rear cover by feeding through the conduit fitted as shown in Fig 3. For accessing the unused SM3x alarm inputs and relays.Volts – Free Relays FIG. For full SM31/32 functionality and operation information.1.0 Monitor Cabling FIG. refer to the SM31/32 Manual. Enatel DC System Manual Page 8 of 22 .1 Alarm cabling & Monitor removal. 3.

This is high impedance and does not present a hazard to the user The battery circuit breakers however. The digital input will trigger an alarm when it is pulled to the system common (positive) rail. 0. the Ethernet port (SM32 web-based communications only) and the RS232 at the rear of the unit as shown in Fig 1. if no battery is connected. The SM31/32 Manual details how these may be changed. false alarms are avoided when no load is connected and the load circuit breaker is in the “off” position. If the Battery Temperature Sensor is removed a “battery temp fault” alarm is generated. Hence. there may be very little voltage difference. they can be changed in the field to suit customer requirements. Relay 1 is pre-configured as the “Monitor Fail” alarm. If the lead is not long enough. Note: This means that a residual voltage will be measured at the load terminal even when the circuit breaker is turned off. Circuit Breaker Fail Monitoring (Optional) Load circuit breakers are monitored electronically via a diode to a digital input on the SM31/32. Note that this alarm relies on the battery voltage being slightly different to the system bus voltage. if these mappings are not appropriate. making electronic fail detection problematic. the breaker must be “on” to clear the Battery Breaker Fail alarm. extra relay outputs can be gained by adding an I/O PCB as shown in Fig 1. Connecting via Computer For remote communications and direct computer connection to the Compact System. This alarm activates is the monitor has a hardware fault or if software becomes corrupted. ordinary 2-core copper (approx. it is not necessary to have the temperature sensor touching the batteries. Note that on all systems. All other relays can be mapped to different alarm conditions. As a result. This is because when a battery breaker is tripped. If required. Enatel DC System Manual Page 9 of 22 .75mm2) wire can be used as an extension. Therefore it may take some minutes for the alarm to activate when a battery breaker is turned “off”.0. On the standard Compact Systems alarms are preconfigured as follows: Relay 2: Summary Non-urgent alarm Relay 3: Summary Urgent alarm As mentioned. refer to the SM31/32 Manual. In this way. This means that to operate the load must be connected. The purpose of the battery temperature sensor is to monitor the ambient temperature of the batteries over long periods of time and adjust the rectifier output (float) voltage accordingly. Alarm Mapping to Volts-free Relays The SM31/32 has three voltage – free alarm relay outputs as standard. use voltage sense to detect tripping or whether they are turned off.Temperature Sensors Uncoil the battery temperature sensor and place in the middle of the middle battery string. These connections can be made via the mini-USB port on the front panel of the monitor (computer connection to the SM31 or SM32).

The LVD contactor is a bi-stable. until the DC bus voltage is restored).e. See the SM3x manual for details. Enatel DC System Manual Page 10 of 22 . The LVD contactor will not re-engage until the rectifier power is restored (i. magnetically latched contactor..5 LVD OPERATION This system is configured with a single Low Voltage Disconnect contactor in the battery side of the circuit (see Fig 2. This means that failure of power or removal of the SM3x from a live system will not cause the contactor to change state. The SM31/32 supervisory and monitor unit is powered from both the rectifier side of the LVD contactor and battery source. the SM3x will lose voltage sense (as voltage sense is measuring rectifier bus voltage) but still maintains operation for system monitoring. LVD adjustments/settings are all made from the SM3x.1 & Wiring Schematic at rear of this manual). Therefore when the low voltage threshold is reached and the LVD disconnects the battery.

Check that all SM3x configuration settings are correct (as per customer specification) with respect to: . If a different system float voltage has been specified. 1. System installation is completed. Pre-check: 1. Turn on AC upstream and check that voltages from phase to neutral are as expected.Alarm mappings to the volts-free relays (refer to the SM3x manual for information on how to check these via the front panel or locally connected computer). 7.Voltage levels . 2. 2. and upstream AC has been turned off (i. 3. Note: This system is supplied with the AC and DC earths connected. 4. 2. No more building work to be carried out in site to avoid concrete and plaster dust being ingested into rectifiers and systems. Turn the upstream AC circuits on. and pulled forward enough to disconnect them from the system. press any SM3x button to silence it. Rectifier modules have been fitted into their shelf positions. 6. Note: Refer to Appendix 1 to check important System Set . Measure the voltage across each battery string at the terminals of the Compact System.e. set this at this time using the procedure specified in the SM3x Manual (either from the front panel or connected computer). unless different procedures are recommended by local authorities. 3. Turn on each battery circuit breaker in succession while measuring the each battery voltage. thus minimising any arcing during connection. Ensure that the reading from the DC Common bus to the Battery Live Terminals is -48V or 60V or +24V as per System specification.6 COMMISSIONING Use the following set of instructions as a guide. Rectifier Start-up 1. Check the SM3x powers up. and indicates the system default float voltage (approx. 4.Alarm settings . This is because the system voltage and battery voltages will be similar. And ensure that the voltage increases slightly to the system Float Voltage (typically the voltage will increase from 2 to 3V below float to float voltage. Power up only one rectifier initially (to limit any damage if any connections are incorrect). Battery and load circuit breakers are turned off. system is completely de-powered). Battery Start-up Note: It is preferable that battery circuit breaker connections should be made when the rectifiers are turned on and the system is “live”. 5.Up parameters while commissioning. 5. This also prevents high current arcing due to the charging of the rectifier output capacitors.1 or 2 amps). Check that the load and battery currents on the SM3x are 0 amps (+/. Enatel DC System Manual Page 11 of 22 . Fully insert the rest of the rectifiers ensuring they power up with only their green “power on” LED illuminated.. 54V on its display). Before connecting the Batteries or Rectifiers ensure that the correct system has been specified and Earthing is correct for your application. Fully insert first rectifier. wait for the rectifier to start and its power on LED to remain green. 3. The standard system output has the DC Common in the positive side of the circuit (+ve earth system). If the audible alarm activates. At this point the batteries will be drawing some current to bring them to a full state of charge.

It is recommended to have the batteries disconnected.0V __________ V / Depending on the test load available.6V __________ V / Low Float Volts (non-urgent) 52. 2. Ensure the load current is at a level expected (could be zero if loads downstream have not been connected). 4.6V __________ V / High Float Volts (non-urgent) 55. Enatel DC System Manual Page 12 of 22 . Note: Prior to leaving the system after it has been commissioned. Adjust the supply/float voltage to 52. Adjust the supply/float voltage to 46. High Load Volts (urgent) 57. or by adjusting the SM3x float voltage 0. Adjust the supply/float voltage to 57.8V __________ V / Low Load Volts (urgent) 47.9V & observe the “Low Load” alarm. with the 110A test load. it may be necessary to adjust the High Load Current alarm threshold down to suit. DC and battery circuits are off. ensure all AC.7V & observe the “High Load” alarm. click on the “Alarms/(Levels)”) to 100A.Load Start-up 1. 1. ensuring that the downstream equipment is being powered up as expected. 2. ensure rectifiers are left in their powered up state. Ensure the system float voltage on the SM3x is at the level previously noted. Then simply apply the 110A load and observe the alarm change state.7V & observe the “High Float” alarm. 3.1V above (or below for the low voltage alarms). If it is required that the system is to be left on (to power load equipment. Ensure downstream load connections have been made and there are no loose/floating load cables. and batteries are in circuit. software. This will prevent anyone leaving the batteries only powering the load (in which case the batteries would go flat). For example. adjust the High Load Current threshold (use SM3x Config. 3. Turn on load circuit breaker. 4. Adjust the supply/float voltage to 55. DC System Commissioning Check List DC SYSTEM COMMISSIONING CHECK-LIST Site Name:__________________________ Tests Without Batteries Connected Date:_______________ Measured/ Setting Results Check Float Voltage Meter:______ __________ V / Check Load Current Meter:______ __________ A / Alarms: Voltage thresholds can either be checked using an external power supply.7V & observe the “Low Float” alarm.

to test this alarm. and extend an AC fail alarm to the SM3x. simply pull the MOV out. The SM3x uses the average of these temperatures as the “Battery Temperature”. turn off the required number to make this occur (Usually set to 2. to check a Battery MCB Open alarm. simply turn off the rectifier AC breakers. and then return the breaker to its ON position. This switches a micro-switch within the SPD unit. all the sensors need to be heated / cooled at the same time. Therefore. Note: Load MCB Open detection is not available with this system. Urgent / Non-urgent / No. simply open one of the battery MCB’s. (Only available when SPD is fitted in the system). Modules:____ / AC Fail (urgent) Rectifier Fail (non-urgent) Urgent Rectifier Fail (urgent) To check Load MCB Open. As this causes the rectifier output to cease. (Refer to circuit breaker monitoring section for more details) Note: Battery MCB Open detection is not available with this system. To generate the Urgent Rectifier Fail. Battery MCB Open (urgent) / To check the Surge Protection Failed alarm. Therefore. Load MCB Open (urgent) / The battery circuit breakers however. a Rectifier Fail alarm is also generated. High Load Current (urgent) __________ A / Temperature alarm tests are performed by heating up (using a heat gun or other source) and cooling down (using an aerosol can of freeze. but with no load turned on. but check via the SM3x Config software for the setting (under the “Rectifier Control” section of the “Power Module Control” tab)). Then switch the breaker to it’s off position and turn on some load (any amount will do). Once pulled. observe the alarm. connect a load. there is one sensor per battery string. Note that when the Battery Condition Monitor is used. use auxiliary contacts to detect tripping or whether they are turned off. This will cause the alarm to occur as the load side to the circuit will be taken to system common voltage. the AC Fail alarm is generated from the rectifiers. or a tub of ice) the temperature sensors. Enatel DC System Manual Page 13 of 22 . be sure to rest the High Load Current to its previous value (or check with the customer for the correct value they require). Therefore. The rectifiers sense if AC is present. Battery Temperature High (urgent) __________°C / Battery Temperature Low (non-urgent) __________°C / Room Temperature High (non-urgent) __________°C / Room Temperature Low (non-urgent) __________°C / When an AC Monitoring PCB is not fitted at system level (as in most cases).Once the test is complete. and re-insert the MOV block and observe the alarm clear. Turn off the load. To allow the monitor to continue to read alarms there must be DC present on the output of the system.

The best way to stop a fan is to use a small cable tie (non-metallic). 80A)..g. or if four 100Ahr batteries are connected in parallel.. or a state that is outside of normal operating conditions (e. Check that the all the battery cell voltages are approximately the same.5V for 12V monoblocs). Set the Battery Charge Current Limit to “Enabled” (middle right of screen).25C10. “Tick” Logging Enabled. • Go to SM3x Config.0V. “Charge” tab). fan failed) (non-urgent) Tests with Batteries • Set Vf to equal battery voltage • Connect battery/batteries • Check the correct Battery Capacity (Ahrs) has been entered (SM3x Config. or current limit). This means that for a single 100Ahr battery./ MOV (SPD) Fail (urgent) A Rectifier Off Normal alarm is generated with the rectifier enters a state that may degrade its performance (e. the BCL will be 100A. Initiate Battery Discharge Test (from SM3x Config.25V (or 13..g.. at about 2. “Battery Monitoring” tab. (25%)). this should be 400..g. “Charge” tab. • Turn on Battery Breaker/s / Check Battery current is positive if charging For systems fitted with Battery Monitoring (BCM) cards: Go to SM3x Config. the BCL will be 25A. • Set Vf to 54. / Rectifier Off Normal (e. then check the BCM sense wiring is correct Set load to required level (e.. “Battery Monitoring” tab and “tick” start scanning. Set: Status Log Sampling Interval to 7 days (provides a “snapshot” of the battery state every 7 days) Discharge Log Sampling Interval to 1 minute Discharge Log Continuation Time to 5 minutes (this is the length of time logging continues for after AC power is returned) • Connect load (but turn off). or you may wish to stop a fan to generate the alarm. click “Battery Test Enatel DC System Manual Check operates / Page 14 of 22 . This is the total capacity. If any are out by a large amount. You can observe an Off Normal alarm when the system is placed in current limit. “Control” tab.. • Go to SM3x Config. and push it approximately 1cm through the rectifier grille.g. so for four 100Ahr strings in parallel. a single fan fail). Also check Battery Current Limit (BCL) is set to desired level (usually 0. high temperature.

Temp. During this time the Battery Condition Monitor (if fitted) will be logging every minute. it is not essential to test them at time of commissioning.Enabled”) / Check Battery Current is negative (discharging) Check Battery Current Meter:______ __________ A / BCL functions Yes/No After several minutes or until the battery voltage has dropped below approx. i. refer to the procedures described earlier in the Commissioning Check-list. Yes/No If actual measurement is required. the BCL make take one or two minutes to “settle”.. “Charge” tab). (25%)) _______% Note: as the BCL is based on fine voltage control of the system bus. Relay 1 (Monitor Fail) (pull out the RJ45 lead connecting the monitor to the system rectifier shelf – this simply depowers the monitor) / Relay 2 (Summary Non-urgent) / Relay 3 (Summary Urgent) / Enatel DC System Manual Page 15 of 22 .25C10. 47V. Spare relays will not be able to be tested unless an alarm is mapped to them. Battery Current Limit (BCL) Check that the battery recharge current is limited to the Battery Current Limit level (usually between 0.e. As these are tested in the factory. and record the amount of voltage movement. Check the float voltage moves up or down as expected. Allow it to fully come to temperature. / Check Manual Equalise (if configured) Temperature Compensation Ensure Temperature Compensation Enabled Yes/No Apply heat or cold to the Battery Temperature Sensor/s. “un-tick” (stop) Battery Test (from SM3x Config. you may observe a brief excursion of the battery recharge current beyond the BCL setting. apply a known heat or cold to the sensor..______°C Voltage offset: ________ V OK? Yes/No Check Alarm Relay Contacts To generate these alarms.

go to the Setup page and click on the “Save Variable to File” button. However. A 4 hour rate is usually a good one to use. ensure that you back up the Configuration settings that the SM3x is supplied with. SM3x Config Page: Charge Enatel DC System Manual Page 16 of 22 . Battery Size For the SM3x to set the correct Battery Current Limit current. These figures are also used for estimating the Battery Time Remaining during a discharge. The filename is saved with a “. The Float voltage is for 25°C reference temperature in Enatel systems. then set the Rectifier Float Voltage to that required by the battery manufacturer for the average long-term temperature you anticipate your system to operate at. For Telecom applications. it is essential that this is filled out correctly. check the battery manufacturer’s data sheets as some manufacturers state the 20 hour rate (which is usually a little more “optimistic”). at the time of commissioning. This information is available from the battery manufacturer’s data sheet. The second rate is required specifically for the time-remaining algorithm. and at worst ruin your battery (without the ability to claim battery replacement under warranty).7 APPENDIX 1 – ENATEL ESSENTIAL SYSTEM SET – UP PARAMETERS The following items 1 though 5 are system settings that MUST be checked for EACH system installed. To do this. 1. once again.sm3x” extension. Check/Set Float Voltage Consult battery manufacturer’s data for proper setting. the 10 hour rate is usually the name-plate rating of the battery. WARNING: Failure to correctly follow the procedures in items 1 to 5 below may at least cause incorrect system function. Set Battery Settings Temperature Compensation You must consult the battery manufacturer’s data to obtain the correct Slope setting. PRIOR to making any changes to settings. SM3x Config Page: Charge If you choose not to enable Temperatue Compensation. 3. SM3x Config Page: Power Module Control 2.

This is more typical of a design parameter than the need for the setting to be at this level. 5. and those LVDs will not be enabled anyway. depending on the manufacturer). the current limit is 10A). So a setting higher than this level should be considered to enable the fastest recharge possible.85Vpc (44. Normally. However. Low Voltage Disconnect Settings SM3x Config Page: Alarms (Levels) This is usually a customer generated setting.Note – you need to change both the 10 hour and 4 hour rates at the same time. or for an 8 hour discharge.0V for a “48V” battery). Battery Current Limit The Battery Current Limit is set as a percentage of the 10 hour rate entered in step 3. The rates need to be reasonably accurate (in terms of the proportion of 4 hour to 10 hour rates). it serves to avoid any confusion over which LVD signal is actually being used. For telco settings. rather than this particular setting.4V for a “48V” battery). However. SM3x Config Page: Control Enatel recommends that you set this value at the highest rate possible to ensure the battery is recharged as fast as possible (this could be as high as 30%. especially in large systems.1C10. consult the battery manufacturer data to find the maximum value. Enatel DC System Manual Page 17 of 22 . for a discharge of <1hr. So. it may be 1. this may be more limited by the number of rectifiers available. otherwise the SM3x may not accept the settings. Note that if only one LVD is fitted. Although not essential. the higher the end voltage. so for a 100Ahr battery. this is often set to 10% (or 0. this may be 1. 4. the longer the discharge. then the other thresholds (of LVD2 & LVD3) are normally set well outside of possible tripping voltages.75Vpc (42.

Rectifiers During normal operation some dust will build-up on the front of the rectifiers. Enatel DC System Manual Page 18 of 22 . Batteries Battery maintenance will depend on the individual manufacturer’s specification. If the batteries are fully charged. Alarm logs can show issues with the system and rectifiers and should be regularly checked. it is recommended that the retaining torque is periodically checked at least annually. very little routine maintenance is required System During normal operation the cable entries to the MCB’s may loosen over time due to movement in the cable strands. The positioning of the system and surroundings will determine the regularity of this requirement. In extremely dusty positions it is recommended that the units are removed and cleaned with compressed air to prevent airflow blockages.8 APPENDIX 2 – MAINTENANCE As ENATEL Power Systems are state of the art electronic systems. As a minimum check ensure the float voltage and load current is as expected. Monitor The monitor can give a good indication of the condition of the system. This should be kept to a minimum by regularly wiping the rectifiers to avoid accumulation within the rectifiers and blocking the airflow to the units. To avoid damage to the MCB’s and cable entries due to heat build-up and arching. please contact the battery supplier for recommendations. check the battery current is zero or near to zero amps. MCB’s should be maintained at a torque of 2Nm All other connections should also be checked at this time.

It is important that upstream Type 1 protection is provided on site. Enatel DC System Manual Page 19 of 22 .0 Fig 5. A Type 2 surge arrester should be used in coordination with the incoming surge arrester.9 APPENDIX 3 – AC INPUT TRANSIENT PROTECTION Fig 5. is capable of deviating the energy of a direct lightning strike. Type 2 Surge arrester is designed to run-off energy caused by an overvoltage comparable to that of an indirect lightning strike or an operating overvoltage. This is the first stage of the electrical network's protection. This is the second stage of protection.0 illustrates the surge protection installation principles. 10/350 wave as shown below is the current waveform which passes through equipment when subjected to an overvoltage due to a direct lightning strike. The Type 1 surge arrester. fitted in the installation's main incoming electrical switchboard.

and single shot protection of 40kA. This ensures correct de-coupling of the SPD devices. Notes on AC cable installation and SPDs The following precautions must be adhered to when installing AC cabling. Note: If the system is not provided with Type 2 SPD it is recommended to have one installed upstream. Avoid “Tee’d” Connections: Enatel DC System Manual Page 20 of 22 . then loop the cable until at least 10m of cable is used. These devices are rated for repeated strikes of 20kA (8/20µs waveform as shown above). at least 10m of AC feeder cable is fitted between the Type 1 and Type 2 protection. 1. Avoid running input and output cables from AC Surge Protection Devices together: 2.Some of the Enatel Power System models are provided with Type 2 Surge Protection Devices (SPDs) (as defined by IEC 61643-11). If the distance is less than 10m. To ensure correct operation of the SPDs.

Fig. B shows the bottom edge of AC cover. 6. 3. Enatel DC System Manual Page 21 of 22 . A and Fig. C 1.10 APPENDIX 4 – INSTALLATION OF AC INPUT COVER Din Rail FIG. 4. To put the cover back on the AC input terminals. B FIG. lift the cover up as shown by the arrows pointing up in Fig C. push the upper end of the cover ensuring the top end also clips on the din rail. pull the cover out as shown by the arrows pointing out in Fig C. 5. The end stop is shown in Fig. which clips on the Din rail. Once the upper end is released from the top of Din rail. clip the bottom of the AC cover on the Din rail as shown in Fig. Unscrew the end stop. B. Once the bottom end of the cover is clipped on the Din rail. To remove the AC cover. A AC Cover FIG. 1 2.

8.9.B3. ** Values based on RM2048s DRAWN MJA REVISION 1.10- E Spare Earth Terminal Load Common (+ve) Terminals Bussed Common Terminals Load Live (-ve) Terminals DI1 DI2 DI3 DI4 DI5 DI6 B1.5A Relay 2 Output Power (total): Relay 1 With RM1848s: 12. 230Vin : Relay 4 AI1 **AC Input (total): 3Ph.11 APPENDIX 4 – SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAM AC Input L1L2 L3 N E 3Ph 3pole AC Input Isolator Supervisory Module Neutral Bus SM31 Supervisory SM3x Module Rectifier AC Input MCBs Earth Bus SM32 Supervis ory Module O K RS232 eNaTeL L1 L2 L3 RS232 Port (Only with SM32) RECTIFIER 1 RECTIFIER 2 RECTIFIER 3 RJ45 Cable J10 J13 Backplane PCB ENR014-01 Rectifier Comm's L2 L3 L1 Brown White RECTIFIER 4 RECTIFIER 5 RECTIFIER 6 RECTIFIER 7 J12 Backplane PCB ENR014-01 J10 4k7 4k7 PLYSW Black Live Bus (-ve) Red - Violet Orange 4k7 2Pole DC Isolator Red + Pink *Load MCB10 Aux Power + Aux Power I3I3+ I2I2+ I1I1+ VS2 VS2 + 0V 0V VS1 VS1 + LVD -ve Supply LVD 2 Control LVD Com (or LVD3^) LVD +ve Supply LVD Com LVD 1 Control 4k7 + Battery LVD - *Load MCB1 Ambient Battery Temp Temp Sensor Sensor (Optional) *see note below Green L1 Temp 1 +ve Temp 2 +ve 0V GPIP6 (Spare) GPIP5 (Spare) GPIP4 (Spare) Relay 3 GPIP3 (Spare) LVD -ve Power (from -ve bus) GPIP2 (LVD Open) GPIP1 (Spare) Relay 2 PLYSW SM3x Fail *DC Distribution: MCB 1 . Output Current (RM2048): Relay 5 AI5 (0-10V) AI4 AI3 (0-75V) AI2 1Ph. Output Current (RM1848): 233A/-48V & -54V - Max.7.B4- Battery Common (+ve) Terminals Battery Live (-ve) Terminals Relay 8 Relay 7 System Ratings: Nominal Output Voltage: -48Vdc + AI6 (± 50mV) - -60Vdc Max.0 DATE:04 Oct '10 SHEET SCALE: NTS 1 of 1 14kW/-48V & -60V.4: TX MCB 5: DC Light MCB 6: Spare MCB 7: CK25 MCB 8: Spare MCB 9: DBS3G MCB 10: BTS2G *see note below SM3x I/O Expansion PCB (Optional) Comm’s Battery MCBs Comm’s 1.5. Output Current (RM1860/48): 210A/-48V & -54V 210A/-48V.3. -48V or -60V (+ve earth) Enatel DC System Manual Page 22 of 22 .6kW With RM2048s: 14.6.0kW TITLE * Note: I/O PCB to be connected in series between Backplane and SM3x monitor when fitted.3Amax & 29A/Ø 87Amax & 66. 175Vin (Ph-N) & 230Vin (Ph-N): Relay 6 Relay 3 37.2. 4 Batt) DRAWING NUMBER 100370 SYSTEM NUMBER PSC140705xx-107 5U Compact system.5V 290A/-48V.B2. 187A/-67. 259A/-54V - Max.4. 5U Compact (10 Load. 175Vin & 1Ph.