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Pronunciation Studio

Free Course Sample from our 120 page course book with audio:

An

English Acc nt
Phonetics
Intonation
Schwa
IPA
Spelling & Sound

Index
Pg

Contents

1

Introduction

2

IPA Chart

3

Consonant Sounds

4

Vowel Sounds

5

Spelling & Sound

6

IPA

7

Structure - Schwa

8

Structure - Function

9

Intonation - 3 Patterns

10

Intonation - Tonic Syllable

11

What Next?

12

Answer Key

All Material & Audio © Joseph Hudson 2010

Introduction Who is this course for? This course is a practical guide to speaking with a neutral English Accent for non-native speakers (those whose first language is not English). •Learn the way sentence stress is used. We are a group of professional phoneticians. you will: •Say every consonant and vowel sound of English. . •See the way spelling can work in speech.Have you downloaded the audio? Then turn over and let’s start learning ‘An English Accent’! .anenglishaccent. •Be introduced to IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) •Learn about the schwa sound /ə/ •Hear and produce the three English intonation patterns. Who made it? The Pronunciation Studio speech school in London created and recorded the course. sometimes known as BBC English. How long does it take? To go through this course pack will take between 1 to 2 hours. actors and English teachers who specialise in accent classes. which you can download directly by following this link (copy or write it into your browser):  http://www.zip The mp3 files will download directly to your computer ready to use so whenever you see one of these: L1. How do I download the sound files? The course pack comes with a free audio pack.Are you ready to go? .com/freeaudio. Which accent is used? The model used in this course book is RP (Received Pronunciation) which is a neutral English accent.1 you can listen to the recording to practice. It may also interest students of phonetics and English teachers. What will I learn? In this sample.

com 41 r eɪ 14 ɔɪ əʊ 17 aʊ ɒʊ ɪə 19 eə ʊə θ 29 ð 33 42 j s 30 z 34 43 lɫ 15 aɪ ʃ 35 tʃ ʒ 36 dʒ 44 h 45 ʔ 2 .anenglishaccent.Pronunciation Studio London IPA Chart 1 Vowels (1-19) 1-12 Monothongs 13-19 Diphthongs 5 Consonants 20-26 Plosives 27-34 Fricatives 35-36 Affricates 37-39 Nasals 40-43 Approximants 44-45 Glottal Voiceless 9 i: 2 ə 6 Regional 24 37 ɜ: 7 ʊ 11 10 u: 20 ɪ 3 p 21 b 25 38 t 22 d 26 m n 39 e 4 ʌ 8 ɔ: 12 k 27 g 31 ŋ æ 13 ɑ: 16 ɒ 18 f 28 v 32 40 w www.

lips & teeth and voice are used in different ways for each sound. /b/ best lob /t/ time might /d/ done paid /k/ cart lake /g/ guide flag FRICATIVE /f/ fine knife Made by pushing the air through a gap in the mouth. /n/ no rain /ŋ/ - sing APPROXIMANT /w/ wall - Imbetween a vowel and a consonant. A Consonant Sound is made by blocking air as it leaves the mouth.Below is an example of every consonant sound in English.Consonant Sounds .. Listen to the recording and repeat.Introduction 1.1 . Which sounds are unusual to you? type of sound sound word-initial word-final PLOSIVE /p/ park stop Made by completely blocking the air in the mouth followed by an explosion of air. /v/ van leave /θ/ think path /ð/ those bathe /s/ sort pass /z/ zone cheese /ʃ/ ship marsh /ʒ/ - measure AFFRICATE /tʃ/ chart itch Plosive followed by fricative. The tongue. /dʒ/ giant page NASAL /m/ main lime Made partly through the nose. /r/ right - /j/ yes - like fall /l/ /ɫ/ GLOTTAL /h/ hate - Produced in the glottis. /ʔ/ - what . creating a friction sound. as the air is not fully blocked. a) EXERCISE L1. 2.

Sounds /ɒʊ/ and /ʊəә/ are common regional variations. 2.2 . worn 7. chip 5.Listen and repeat each word: Short Sounds Long Sounds Diphthong Sounds ɪ thin ʊ look e left ʌ love æ cat ɒ lost i: need u: food ɜ: turn ɑ: heart ɔ: bored eɪ pave ɔɪ boy aɪ time əʊ road aʊ down ɪə beard eə chair Long.com 4 .Pronunciation Studio London Vowel Sounds . side D 4. have !- Check your answers on the last page. annoy 18. Sounds with / : / are long. The first three have been done for you.Introduction 1. west 11. machine 8. hot S 3. book 14. Sounds 1 . short (s) or diphthong (d) sounds. 5. 4. A vowel sound shapes the flow of air in the mouth. a) PRACTICE L 1.19 are diphthongs: they require two mouth positions. moment ! ! ! ! 6. hat 17. cheers 12. laugh L 2. Short or Diphthong? b) EXERCISE L1. meat 20.3 . 1.anenglishaccent. Sounds 13 . round 10. In spoken English there are 19 vowel sounds (shown below): 3. lose 9. son 13. bird 19. are 16.Decide if the words below are long (l). 6. www. where 15.12 are monothongs: they require one mouth position.

you have to learn which pronunciation is correct.L1. English is not phonetically written. s or z? . EXERCISE . There are some rules for this. .7 Listen to check your answers. and put them into their correct column in the chart: lease plays lose loose was lights it’s peas what’s crease is us please pass as stop he’s who’s chase s z lease plays .Introduction Unlike most modern languages.Pronunciation Studio London Spelling & Sound . This means that if you say words in the way they are written you will make pronunciation errors. we will compare the sounds /s/ & /z/ ! TASTER .What is the difference in meaning and pronunciation for the following words? lose loose . but with many words. www.com 5 . ! The ‘Spelling & Sound’ section of the course shows you how to interpret written English in speech.Check your answer on the last page of this pack.anenglishaccent.Say the words in the box.Learn any words which you put in the wrong column. In this first unit.An < s > in written English can be pronounced /s/ or /z/ in spoken English.

L1.com 6 . /ə/ can be spelt with < a > < e > < i > < o > or < u > in written English. Name it! b) EXERCISE Match the categories on the left with words written in IPA on the left and write the word next to the answer. as you can find the pronunciation of any word in a dictionary.Introduction 1. 6. 3. you will learn how to read and write in IPA. IPA stands for International Phonetic Alphabet.9 to help.What does / ˈ / show? (Answer on last page of this pack).9 Listen then repeat the words from ‘Name It’. Pay attention to the /ə/ sound. The most common sound in English is /ə/. a) PRACTICE L1.ɪŋ . If it is too difficult. 5. ˈdeɪvɪd ˈbekəm kəˈnu:. IPA shows us how to pronounce words instead of how to spell them. www.Pronunciation Studio London IPA . listen to and repeat /ə/ sound. 4.8 Before you do the exercise below. Category IPA colour Using IPA can be tricky at first. It is very useful to learn IPA.anenglishaccent. On the course. 2. your pronunciation will improve! bəˈnɑ:nə city ˈkærəlaɪn man’s name məˈseɪdɪz woman’s name make of car fruit ˈkwi:n ɪˈlɪzəbəθ ˈpɜ:pəl məˈdrɪd vegetable ˈtɒməs animal ˈkærət famous English man famous English woman sport country purple ˈpɔ:tʃəgəl ˈeləfənt. use the sound file L1. but when you are good at it. .

11 Listen and repeat the schwa /ə/ sound. .. /ə/ is also found in function words (see next page for full description). will you?’ əә probəәbly won’t mentəәn thəәt əә’ll be photəәgraphing səәme əәf thəә most dangəәrəәs animəәls in thəә world. 2. Norməәlly we have əә chat əәbout whatevəәr we’ve been doing. L1. əә’m going there fəәr əә month təә film wild animəәls in thəә jungəәl.. Təәmorrow əә’m certəәn she’ll ask me əәbout my trip təә Brəәzil.12 Listen and underline the schwa sounds in these words EG comˈpassion ˈEngland ˈmother poˈtato ˈbottomless conˌgratuˈlations ˈdarken parˈticular coˈllapse ˈLondon EXERCISE L1.. Your mouth should be relaxed with the jaw slightly open and the tongue resting in the middle. Spoken English is divided into strong and weak forms.‘Yəә’ve packed yəәr pyjaməәs əәnd yəәr slippəәrs’ will be next. or if thəә wəәs əәnything good on teləәvision yestəәrday.13 Listen to the recording as you read the extract. Thəә’s nothing thəәt mum hates more thəәn football. Your lips should not move when you produce the sound..Pronunciation Studio London Speech Structure .10 There are a couple of people here. www. like tigəәrs əәnd parrəәts... . . She oftəәn comes ovəәr on Satəәrdays becəәse my fathəәr is əәt thəә football.anenglishaccent. /ə/ is found in unstressed syllables of words: L1.‘əәnd you won’t drink əә lot əәf alchəәhol.com 7 . My mothəәr is coming təә see me təәmorrow aftəәrnoon.. | ðər ər ə kʌpəl əv pi:pəl hɪə | ə PRACTICE L1. The weak sound /ə/ is the most common sound in English.‘Həәve you checked thəә weathəәr forecast?’ she’ll ask.The Schwa /ə/ 1. It might make həәr worry. The schwa sound is written.10 ˈphotograph / ˈfəʊtəgrɑ:f / phoˈtography / fəˈtɒgrə& / comˈputer / kəmˈpju:tə / 4. ! ! EXERCISE L1. 3.

Function Word (Strong Form) Function Word In Sentence (Weak Form) 1 for Is that for John? 2 are Are you ok? 3 have What have you done? 4 as As good as it gets.14 i) Listen to the word ‘from’. iii) How has the word changed in the sentence? 1.quantifiers (eg some. do. they) . would. PRACTICE L1. Function words can be said in two ways: strong and weak. These are normally .auxilliary verbs (eg be. for. any) 3.com 8 .prepositions (eg to. 5 to Let’s go to the cinema. then as a weak form within a sentence. will) . 7 can Can I help you? 8 from It’s from Peter. she.articles (eg the.15 . from. 6 at She’s at school. an) . have.pronouns (eg.Pronunciation Studio London Speech Structure . a. his.anenglishaccent.Function Words TASTER L1. ii) Listen to the sentence ‘It’s from Keith’. 9 her What’s her name? 10 do Do you need some help? www. 5. at) . 4. 2. Most function words contain the schwa /ə/ sound when they are weak.Repeat the function word as a strong form. A function word only has a grammatical use in the sentence. Words that are not function are called Content Words.

anenglishaccent.20 Repeat after the recording.Pronunciation Studio London Intonation . 3. ↘ Riˈdiculous ↘↗ Riˈdiculous ↗ Riˈdiculous c) EXERCISE L1. 2. Using ↘↗ Fall-rising intonation L1. Using ↘ Falling intonation no yes what how right terrible ridiculous L1. ↘ ˈTerrible ↘↗ ˈTerrible ↗ ˈTerrible 7. Intonation tells us the speaker’s attitude to the words they are saying: L1.16 ↘No (no) ↘↗No (maybe) ↗No (surprise) a) PRACTICE Repeat the words in the box on the right: L1.21 Listen to the words and write the pattern that you hear below: 1.18 2. There are three intonation patterns in spoken English: fall fall-rise rise ↘ 13 ↗ ↘↗ 3. www. 7. ↘What ↘↗What ↗What 4. 2. 5. 9 . ↘Yes ↘↗Yes ↗Yes 3.com 6.19 3. 4. ↘ Right ↘↗ Right ↗Right 6. Using ↗ Rising intonation b) PRACTICE L1. 1. ↘How ↘↗How ↗How 5. ↘No ↘↗No ↗No 2.17 1.Introduction 1. Intonation is the movement in pitch of the voice.

| ↘ Finished | ↗have you | ↗ 8.Listen to the same question in 4 different ways: 1. 2. 2. 4. | | | | are you from ˈGermany? are you ˈfrom Germany? are ˈyou from Germany? ˈare you from Germany? | | | | 1.anenglishaccent.22 .Tonic Syllable TASTER L1. 3. following the patterns shown. 5.| ↘ Good | ↘isn’t it | ↗ 7. d) PRACTICE L1.| How are ↘ˈyou | ↗ 5. The intonation pattern ends at the end of the sentence/unit. | I ↘↗hoped it would rain today | www. | Is everything ↗alright |↗ 3. the pitch is quite flat.23 Repeat. | How ↘ˈare you | ↗ 4. In the taster above. The tonic syllable is the most important syllable in the sentence. The intonation pattern begins on the tonic syllable.Pronunciation Studio London Intonation . the tonic syllable is different in each sentence. | You’re ↗ˈwhat? | 6.| Are you going ↘out tonight |↗ 2. the tonic syllable is underlined: 1. | I’m ↘ˈbroke | ↘ˈaren’t I | ↗ 9.com 10 . 4. Before the tonic syllable. 3. | I hoped it would ↘ˈrain today | ↗ 10.

• Phonetics (Vowel & Consonant Sounds) • Mouth Control & Positioning • IPA Transcriptions. •Produced and recognized the three English intonation patterns. • 200 mp3 audio files. • 32 hours of study materials.com 11 .Congratulations! /kəŋˌgrætʃəˈleɪʃənz/ You have finished the first unit of ‘An English Accent’! You have: •Pronounced every vowel & consonant sound in spoken English.html www.com/e-book. visit: .anenglishaccent. containing: • 8 Chapters / 120 Pages. • Weak Forms • Joining • Intonation To buy the course for £12 (about €14). •Found out about the schwa sound.www. •Used ‘International Phonetic Alphabet’ as a study tool. Would you like to study the subject more? You can download the entire course.anenglishaccent. •Learnt that you cannot trust English spelling.

tʃɪəz . NAME IT .D 18.L 7. EXERCISE L1.S 11. particular./lu:z/ = Verb meaning the opposite of win.L* 16.Elephant Famous English Man . When pronouncing the two words. hæv .D 12. lɑ:f . ənɔɪ .L 9. ↗ 4. bottomless.Mercedes Fruit . weə .L1.S 17.Canoeing Country . west .What is the difference between ‘lose’ & ‘loose’. ↗ 6. EXERCISE L1.D 6.S 13. raʊnd . hɒt .Schwa England.purple City .Thomas Woman’s Name . ↘ 3.D 15. bʊk . lu:z . wɔ:n ./lu:s/ = Adjective meaning the opposite of tight.David Beckham Famous English Woman .Intonation 1.Caroline Make of Car .long (L) 2. məˈʃi:n .L 19.D 10. ↘↗ 12 .9 Colour .S 14. ↘↗ 2. sʌn . məʊmənt . This is because the /s/ sound shortens the vowel. hæt . congratulations. darken. lose . mi:t .banana Vegetable .L 20.S 5. tʃɪp .Portugal. ↘↗ 7.S** * ‘are’ can also be pronounced as a short /əә/ * * ‘have’ can also be pronounced /həәv/ SPELLING & SOUND TASTER . ɑ: .Queen Elizabeth Sport . London. ‘loose’ will sound slightly shorter even though it is spelt with a double ‘o’. loose .Carrot Animal .12 . saɪd .diphthong (D) 4.Answer Key EXERCISE L1.21 . potato. mother. ↘ 5.L 8.Madrid Man’s Name . bɜ:d .3 1.short (S) 3.