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Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness

The history of Psychiatry: Etiology of madness: Sin

Historically, the majority view of
the cause of insanity and mental
illness was sin, life choices, life
situations, but not a bodily

In 1803, Christian Reil suggested that the
Cat Piano was the cure for insanity. It
worked by seating the insane in front of
the Cat Piano, as someone played, sanity
would be restored. Reil suggested this
clever and imaginative hyperbole, in
order to drive home his point, that
insanity was a spiritual problem not a
bodily problem.

Doctors before the 19th century, knew
less than a typical thirteen year old today,
who dissected a few raccoons on his back
yard picnic table and experimented with
his chemistry set he got for Christmas!

See also: History of Psychiatry homepage
Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 - 1900

1. The majority view of history for the cause of insanity, has always been sin and life choices, not the
body. Here is the master summary of the historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 - 1900
2. Historically, there were three groups of etiologies for insanity: 1. Those who believed sin directly
caused insanity. 2. Those who believed sin indirectly caused insanity by first producing
melancholy blood, which then caused insanity. 3. Those who believed insanity was a random
bodily illness (like chemical psychiatrists today), were a small minority.
3. Historically, it was pagans and non-Christians who viewed the cause of insanity as biologic.
Christians have always viewed the cause of insanity is life choices, sin and moral violations of the
4. A shocking number of Christians today, have believed the lies told them by chemical psychiatrists.
This change took place in the last 25 years. Christians today commonly believe what the media
tells them, that "mental illness is a serious medical problem with their brain", that "neuroleptic
drugs correct chemical imbalances the same way insulin corrects diabetes". Its time for Christians
to wake up the fact that they have been under attack by the devil through the hands of chemical
psychiatrists who are usually atheists who promote naturalistic evolution.

A. Psychiatric historians re-write history:

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There are many. "The causes which induce intellectual derangement. and that is why you need to read everything we write! 4.. then they think of nothing but the fearful Wrath of God just ready to be pour'd out upon them. but he believes it is a case of the choices. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 .. thoughts and emotions of the mind that is ultimately responsible for the damage. biased and a dishonest representation of the facts. over excitement of emotion. that the Sentence of Condemnation is already pass'd. and how he believed insanity was caused by bloated blood vessels. concerning the Sincerity of their Faith and Repentance." (Patterns of Madness in the Eighteenth Century. is a clever way re-writing history. THEN their Sins fly glaringly in their Faces. 1729 AD) 7. "Fits had so weakened the Fibres of the Optic Nerves. Robinson takes madness seriously. while leaving out the other half. and that they certainly shall be damn'd to all Eternity. sin and thinking too hard. memorization. they will portray the biologic view as that which dates back to Hippocrates. Their histories are slanted. believed insanity was caused by life choices. from the preaching of some hot-headed Gospel-Ministers.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. unexpected losses of money. but it often misleads the readers to false conclusions as to the way things really he does not explain the experiences and sufferings of the mad as delusions. In a re-writing of history. 1998 AD. unhappy love. extravagant joy. A Reader. Heinroth himself. Re-writing of history by Allan Ingram: "Nicholas Robinson: .1900 B. hopelessness and condemnation which in turn damaged the brain nerves. believes that insanity is caused by sin. and Fears.. Rush believed that insanity was caused by the mind. Johann Heinroth's etiological summary in 1818 AD: 1. But they rarely tell you that Rush devotes an entire section in his book to. doctor and governor of Bedlam the same time James Monro. homesickness. just like Allan Ingram himself. fright. He notes how damaged nerves can be caused by sin and guilt: "Hence arise their Difference. by acting upon the body through the medium of the mind". p76) 6. are so strongly fix'd on the Minds of silly. caused insanity. hasty vows. 1. in his Patterns of Madness in the Eighteenth Century. drawing high prizes in a lottery. which then effected the body: Some of his causes of insanity are: "A conscience burdened with guilt.. 1998 AD. Telling only half the truth of history. Their only cure are drugs. intense study.. nostalgic memories of a happy past. 5. fear. makes it appear like Robinson believed in a chemical/biologic etiology of insanity . good or bad luck. 3. poor marital and economic conditions. studying objects which vividly excite the 2 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 ." Its like trying to put too much current through an electrical wire and it either melts or blows a fuse! Robinson does take a biologic view of the etiology of mental illness. That is. that no Satisfaction can compensate. as to work them into a State of Despondency. so as to break the nerves of the brain. political revolutions. whose 'Animal Spirits' become in Robinson the `Alachinulae' of the fibres of the brain in their relation to the nervous system and to the entire animal economy. This historic document is an excellent summary of all the historic views of what caused insanity. as the "father of modern psychiatry".. True history: In 1729 AD.. Nicholas Robinson. 2.. fanaticism. . public humiliation.. products of a disordered imagination. history books on psychiatry will gush over Benjamin Rush. temptation. gambling. fear. and are so infinitely great. many more. shame." Wow! does that sound like the Benjamin Rush they taught you about in University? Not likely! They kind of skipped that important information! But now you know." Nicholas Robinson believed that mental illness was caused by feelings of sin. terror. Nicholas Robinson. In fact. disappointed hopes. as also the Certainty of their Election or Reprobation. (A New System of the Spleen. You will notice that Allan Ingram. Robinson believed that sin and life choices and circumstances had a direct effect on the human which several Points. Allan Ingram. weak. anger. 2. Remember that humoral medicine was practiced up to 1858 AD.. They are real for the simple reason that they are bodily in origin. Most histories of psychiatry are written by chemical psychiatrists who believe insanity is caused by bad genes and chemical imbalances in the brain. In other words. which then in turn. We offer Nicholas Robinson as another example of this dishonest and slanted historical scholarship. "all the Decays of the Nerves and Lownesses of the Spirits are mechanically accounted for" . For example. "Remorse. Scruples. His adoption of a rigorously 'mechanical' view of mental illness shows the powerful influence of Willis. unhappy People.

actually believed that sin. but they were all wrong. 8. associating with the insane. This explains why vomits. suppression of natural blood evacuations. especially diseases of the bile. The Humoral etiology: Melancholy blood. there were two different sets of views regarding sin. 2. The Humoral etiology: bad nerve fibers 1. 7. Historically.1900 D. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . The result was blistering. were a small minority. loss of blood. 1818 AD) 3. 3. sunstroke. were wrongly believed to the cause of all illnesses. imagination.1900 C. this is the guy who created the "Hippocratic oath to do no harm"! Good riddance. latent acute and chronic skin rash. acute dysentery. onanism. bad nerves or blood vessels in the brain. phlegm and blood etc. effect of the moon.. diseases of the abdomen. insects. on the other 3. if they admit that the until the 1950's. As the title of Nicholas Robinson's paper says. The idea that insanity was caused by "bad blood" dates back to Hippocrates. including mental illnesses. Those who believed that sin directly caused insanity without affecting the body at all. worms. suppressed sweating.. apoplexy. erysipelas. pellagra. has made absolutely no progress like real medicine. insomnia. which then caused insanity. Historically. which then caused insanity. The science of psychiatry AD). medicine has increased its knowledge and curing of real disease. so-called love potions. germs put the wooden stake into the heart of Hippocratic medicine . and 3 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . Those who believed that sin affected the body by producing melancholy blood. 4. excessive sexual activity." (Textbook of Disturbances of Mental Life and Soul. there were three groups of etiologies for insanity: 1. The Humoral era (450 BC . bloodletting and induced vomiting to remove these bad fluids from the body. In the pre-scientific humoristic era. bloodletting etc were practiced by those who viewed the cause of madness as sin. the quack we can thank for misleading the world for 2500 years. Medical science before the modern era (1858) was utter quackery! The humoral theory of the four body fluids: bile. inflammation of the brain. Those who believed sin directly caused insanity. 5. not broken bodies.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. Chemical psychiatric historians have nothing to gain. Humoristic theory gave way to the discovery of the cell by Rudolf Virchow's in 1858 AD. arrested lactation. As we enter the modern era of science where humoristic theory gave way to the discovery of the cell by Rudolf Virchow's in 1858 AD.. and everything to lose. which then led to insanity. 9. A key point all chemical psychiatric historians fail to notice. guilt and violating the conscience as a cause of insanity: 1. immoderate exercise. bad nerve fibers & spleens 1. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . Neither have any idea what causes mental illness and neither have any cures to offer. it was a tiny minority who believed the same as chemical psychiatrists today. is in fact identical to the mad doctors of Bedlam in 1750 AD. some "mad doctors" claimed many biological causes. present diseases. Historically. medicaments. "Wherein all the Decays of the Nerves. hunger. Historically. those who viewed insanity was caused by a biological cause. Those who believed sin indirectly caused insanity by first producing melancholy blood. guilt and a bad conscience. the stomach. mental illness was seen to be caused by sin. colic. 2. the spleen. catalepsy. persistent exhaustion following convalescence. 6. So historically. flatulence. that insanity was caused by the body alone. unsatisfactory sexual life. long-lasting periods of repose. Today's psychiatrists have no more idea about the etiology or cure of mental illness then their mad doctor colleagues three centuries before them. plica polonia cropped short. life choices and conflicts of conscience made the body sick (melancholy blood). Psychiatry. life choices and conflicts of conscience made the body sick. This is the correct view and it was the majority view for at least the last 500 years! 11.. teething difficulties. It is important that a good number of doctors rejected altogether the idea that the body caused in sanity. 10. Those who believed insanity was a random bodily illness (like chemical psychiatrists today). earlier diseases such as intermittent fever. The discovery of the cell. drunkenness. the swing. cold. like Melancholy blood. 2. almost everyone believed insanity was caused by moral choices. abscesses healed too quickly. head injuries. Johann Heinroth. is that doctors believed that sin.

whose Providence he has so often blasphem'd. 2. he howls. and all Hopes of his Mercy. and Fears. unhappy People. as also the Certainty of their Election or Reprobation.. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . fear of going to hell: 1. From their Apostacy [falling away from Christianity] we may derive all our miseries. wretched. in the Height of his outrageous Frenzy. but was also affected by one's feelings of sin and condemnation. which several Points. What Hope. and great sorrow for it . and. 1729 AD) 3. with Pain and Grief unsufferable to human Nature! Hence spring those frequent Suicides. are things that may he sadly felt. So that no Scene of Horror can be more dreadful. Battie modified this a bit and believed that madness sometimes had an organic cause and sometimes a spiritual cause. and thinks he is already in Hell. In summary.. THEN their Sins fly glaringly in their Faces. ridicul'd and deny'd? Under the Symptoms of religious Melancholy. William Battie adopted Nicholas Robinson's etiology of bad nerves caused by sin and life choices and circumstances as the cause. What he could not observe (somatic origin) was not correct. and the fear of being cast out of his Glorious 4 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . both the pains and sicknesses that afflict our Bodies. and the fears and terrors that overwhelm our concerning the Sincerity of their Faith and Repentance. himself is Hell. blasphemes God and his Religion: Where can he rest his hopeless Hope! where seek for Mercy. which then causes madness. as to work them into a State of Despondency.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. William Battie. and together with this. He views sin and life choices and circumstances as the cause." (A Treatise on Madness. He views that the bad nerve fibres can be aggravated by feelings of condemnation. and miserable to endure. [madness is] mechanically Accounted for" Robinson takes the indirect biologic view of the etiology of mental illness. "THERE is a very great difference between such as are only under trouble of Conscience. "Hence arise their Diffidence. the immediate prospect of Death. that can afflict the most obdurate Heart." (A Discourse Concerning Trouble of Mind and the Disease of Melancholly. Horror." (A New System of the Spleen. weak. This means that Robinson's actual observations were correct. 1691 AD) 2. that exposure to "hellfire and Brimstone" preaching will make the melancholy worse than if he had never been exposed to such preaching. "From whence we may collect that Madness with respect to its cause is distinguishable into two species. and under a continued fear and apprehension of God's displeasure . that no Satisfaction can compensate. until a better name can be found. an apprehension of God's Displeasure. to rid them of a Life most loathed. p 44) 3. Racking Pain. Since Robinsons somatic origin of mental illness was totally wrong. and sting his tortur'd Soul.. from the preaching of some hot-headed Gospel-Ministers. The same is true with modern psychiatry. The first is solely owing to an internal disorder of the nervous substance: the second is likewise owing to the same nervous substance being indeed in like manner disordered. great distress of Conscience for many Months. then they think of nothing but the fearful Wrath of God just ready to be pour'd out upon them. Despair. and are so infinitely great.. "And. Mental illness is caused by guilt of unrepented sin. the second may be called Consequential Madness. what we are left with is the environmental etiology: feelings of condemnation for sin. He notes that environment. 1758 AD. and suffers all the Pains of the Damn'd. whether you are an atheist. just reviving to a Sense of his being forsaken of God. may be called Original. are so strongly fix'd on the Minds of silly. and all the dismal Scenes of Woe. or Christian. but disordered ab extra [from outside]. that the Sentence of Condemnation is already pass'd. "take a view of the Atheist or Libertine under the same Affliction. but here. when Conscience. He notes that if someone with the chemical foundation (bad nerve fibres) to trigger mental illness is present. Nicholas Robinson. and such whose Bodies are greatly diseased at the same time: A sense of Sin. but they cannot be fully express'd. what Refuge can he expect from a gracious God.. fly glaringly in his Face. indeed. and therefore is chiefly to be attributed to some remote and accidental cause. Nicholas Robinson. than to view an Atheist on his Bed of Sickness. to which these harden'd Miscreants have Recourse.. To have the sense of Tormenting. the Mind was in Despair through Doubt. 1729 AD) 4." (A New System of the Spleen. he roars. Timothy Rogers. it makes a difference. Inward Tenors. and that they certainly shall be damn'd to all which damages the nerves. Nicholas Robinson believed that mental illness was caused by bad brain nerves.1900 E. even that Doubt would be the highest Pleasure: He now perceives God's heavy Wrath ready to be executed upon him. The first species. Scruples.

loving the world. Mental illness is caused by lack of faith in God's promises Lack of faith and trust in God: "AND there is apparently much Distrust of God. is the worst Part of the Sin. then showing up at church every Sunday and presenting herself as the model Christian! This has the power to literally tear the mind in two. and Trust in him. Were nothing over-loved. Sinful cares and lusts of this world: "SINFUL Impatience. could we trust God as well as our selves. the mercy of God through Christ doth pardon it. 1691 AD) 5. Richard Baxter. but Wives and Children in want to quiet. In these Straits and Trials Persons are apt to be too sensible and Impatient. when Creditors are calling for their Debts. it would have no Power to Torment us. Like a preachers wife who is secretly committing adultery with a man against her husband during the week. and Unbelief in these troubling Discontents and Cares. it's hard to keep all this from going too near their Heart. "ANOTHER great Cause is the Guilt of some great and wilful Sin. 1670 AD) 2. which is too much Love to the Body and this World. but our Heavenly Portion is more esteemed. Pain and Sickness would be the more Tolerable. 1670 AD) H. whose Nature is weak. But yet it beseemeth. Richard Baxter." (The Signs and Causes of Melancholy. Money and debt problems: "WHEN Men have not themselves only. proceeding from a Sinful Love of some bodily Interest. it were easie to endure hard Fare and Labour. even a pardoned Sinner to know the Greatness of his if God will have it so.1900 G. instead of low self esteem! "AND this sheweth that we are not sufficiently humbled for our Sin. how quiet would our Minds be in the Sense of his Wisdom." (The Signs and Causes of Melancholy. but the doctors of the 1600's knew all about it! It is what the Bible calls a bad conscience! 2. and they have it not to pay them.. Sin is beloved and yet feared: Gods wrath does terrifie them. if the Body was not over-loved. not only of Superfluities and Conveniences. or else we should be thankful for the lowest State. This is one of the most common Causes. and will at last deliver us from all. Loving self and the world to much: "AND the secret Root or Cause of all this. 1670 AD) 6. 1670 AD) 4. if Children and Friends were not over-loved.. and were they the Predominant Bent and Habit of Heart and Life. The term "cognitive dissonance" was first coined in the 1950's. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . tho' Thievish Borrowers make too light of it. and liable to too much Passion. and yet the Soul is not which such apprehensions cause in a desolate and a mourning Soul!" (A Discourse Concerning Trouble of Mind and the Disease of Melancholly. this was a part of my Case. but even of that which is necessary to Health. and from want of sufficient Submission to the will of God. Having high self esteem. the Death of them would not overwhelm us with immoderate Sorrow. Discontents and Cares. Mental illness is caused by high self-esteem. and taking Heaven for a satisfying Portion.1900 F. The root of the problem is the sin of high self-esteem. and sought. at least to avoid Vexations. and chosen. than earthly Prosperity. It is also well documented! 4. Richard Baxter.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www." (The Signs and Causes of Melancholy. which is an heavy Burden to an Ingenious Mind." (The Signs and Causes of Melancholy. which bringeth many into dismal Melancholy. Mental illness is caused by Christians leading double sinful lives! 1. nor be unthankful for Forgiveness. and Want. they would be the signs of a graceless State: But while they are hated and overcome not Grace. The Names tell you that it is a Conjunction. All-sufficiency and Love" (The Signs and Causes of Melancholy. or Life it self. I will therefore distinctly open the Parts of this Sin. And who can describe that Anguish and Tribulation. that he may not favour it. or as a Child can trust his Father. Timothy Rogers. 1670 AD) 3. of many Sins. Discontents and Cares. AND when they are in Debt to others. and hard to bear it with obedient quiet Submission to God. as being much better than that which we deserved. 5. or as we could trust a faithful Friend. when Conscience is convinced. Presence for ever. Christians leading secret lives of sin which causes cognitive dissonance! 3. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . I must necessarily use all these words to shew the true Nature of this complicate Disease of Souls. and worldly Wealth and Prosperity over-valued. and many in 5 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . and yet not enough to over-come their Sin: Some live in secret Fraud and Robbery. and inordinate Grief and Trouble of Mind. Richard Baxter. They really need the opposite because the Bible clearly teaches we low self esteem. Richard Baxter. selfishness. if Ease and Health were not over-loved. yea. which in themselves are of no small malignity. especially for Women. debt problems: 1.

In 1584 AD. which she said arose from the children throwing stones at her.1900 I. Timothy Bright. a divorce or being left standing at the altar on your wedding day! 2. like losing your job.1 and yet the Rage of Appetite and Lust prevaileth." (The Signs and Causes of Melancholy. Grievous Sins have fastened so on the Consciences of many." (Report From The Committee On Madhouses In England. and renew the wounds of their Consciences by their Lapses. the wrath of God cometh on the Children of Disobedience. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . she appeared incapable. She was not allowed water to wash herself? No. viewed that the spirit could make the body sick and 6 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . and not hearing from him. Did she appear in a bad state of health. she went over. Depression can be caused by a tramatic event. Esq. Historical Survey of Mental illness etiology 1500 . who. We examined the provision. as may swallow them up. and he clearly rejects madness as having a physical cause. yet dally with the Bait. 2. life choices and circumstances. either self-Pollution or Fornication. Thomas Cogan viewed man as having both a body and a soul. William Bullein stated that rejection in love. she was about thirty years of age. 1670 AD) 5. Richard Baxter. in the Review. as to cast them into incurable Melancholy and Distraction. Did you ask. independent of the loss of reason? She was extremely dejected and very much emaciated. and they despair and Sin. whether she had enough to drink of water? We did not ask that question. 3. and if God convert these Persons. and it appeared. which was very poor. the mind appeared gone very much. but there was a window in the cell. I think. we put it as a question. you probably were led into conversation with her. coveting and greed are causes of madness. but she shewed us several places in her arms. He rejected the idea that insanity was something the body does to the mind. did she tell you the wants she felt there? Not at all.. she made no use of it: The other woman was confined in the same manner on the stone-floor chained. and was about to be married to a young man who left Leskeard and went to reside at Plymouth Dock. may possibly hereafter plunge their Souls into such Depths of Sorrow. whether she had water or not. In 1586 AD. and they said.) J. and they know that for such things. A friend was with me. and he had no doubt at all she might have been restored if proper means had been used. and insult her very much. Here is a woman who suffered depression after her fiancée married another woman! "With respect to this woman whom you found chained to the floor. Drunkenness. The children in the house? Yes. the Sins which they now Live in. 1. it is no wonder if their Sorrows and Terrors are renewed. I do not think there was any bedstead: She kept the place particularly neat.1900! The majority of doctors viewed the cause of insanity to be sin.. And when Men truly converted. and it had such an effect upon her mind that she has been deranged ever since. No. in secret Fleshy Lusts. 1815 AD.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. Mental illness is caused by life tragedy! 1. and she had a bed that I think rested upon the floor. has attended a good deal to the wants of his poor neighbours about him. who lived in various reputable families there. that about seven years before she was a very respectable maid-servant. which they were allowed to do. Testimony of Henry Alexander. and found he was about to be married the next day to another person. her greatest complaint was that she had nothing to doctor and priest. In 1558 AD. but I attributed it to not having sufficient though not professionally a medical man.

"conceits. In 1656 AD.. panic attacks and sleeplessness in Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia that had no biological cause. In 1650 AD. heart and other organs. In 1621 AD. self deception. He correctly saw that "melancholy blood" did not cause mental illness. and imaginary fancies". spirit and emotion cause physical changes in the body. In 1640 AD. 12. In 1609 AD. William Perkins believed that the Devil caused madness in people who were in a physically weakened melancholy state. wits). Bishop. He focuses on how the mind causes the body to become melancholy and forbids the taking medicines as a cure. Henry More described those who hear voices as self deluded with their own conceited imaginations. 10. has both a physiological effect on the body (red face. William Harvey discovered the blood circulatory system of the body.. high blood pressure. In 1633 AD. being a "disease of the mind".bible. In 1649 AD. He rejected the idea that insanity was a physical illness. sometimes causing insanity or death. that mental illness was a spiritual problem that needed a spiritual solution: "a diseases of the soul". However Bacon did believe that the body could affect thinking and that the mind could affect the body. In 1605 AD. In 1608 AD. The resulting actions that manifested madness were delusion. used the term "scruples" to describe people who were insane. 6. 7. 13. Instead Bright recommends only counsel to be the cure. Jeremy Taylor. In 1660 AD. In 1636 Francis Bacon believed that medical science was not helpful in understanding insanity. but spiritual choices. 4. Richard Sibbs was a preacher whose views were typical of his day. Edward Reynolds. John Downame describes how anger.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. 9. 7 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . Robert Burton wrote a book called The Anatomy Of Melancholy which described mental illness as caused by the mind which then in turn affects the brain. where intelligence. John Hawkins wrote a book called Hypochondriac Melancholy where he identified anxiety. the body could make the mind delusional. but demonic temptation that weak people yielded to. hair standing on end) but a spiritual effect on the mind (loss of reason. 14. 5. memory and personality originate. correctly rejected the quack medical opinions and practices of his day: that mental illness was of physical origin. He stressed that madness was not caused by physical diseases. Insanity was caused partly from the devil's temptations and partly from the choices of the persons themselves. Rene Descartes described the body as a machine that was inhabited by a spirit. He rejected the idea that the body was the etiology and placed the origin squarely and firmly in the mind. 8. This was not demon possession. a preacher for a church. He notes that the mind. 11.

Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont reported a method of water torture used by his father. Furious Mad-men are sooner. In 1716 AD. Mary Audrey. Johann Baptista van Helmont to cure insanity. It was a form of water torture and was used with success in curing the insane. minister of the Gospel posthumously compiled a collection of writings of Richard Baxter. which he hath threatened to inflict on unrelenting sinners". was the fact that Helmont believed "raging madness" was a disease caused by the human spirit and will. William Drage concluded that he had witnessed several cases of demon possession in a couple of women. John Purcell. sin. In 1692 AD. believed insanity was caused by the uterus sending vapors up to the head and making one sick. 3 insanity. people are slain in the Spirit in the direction of her kick. In fact. Dr. and great sorrow for it". a minister for a church. 26. "More Jesus". In 1670 AD. Thomas Fallowes. Thomas Willis clearly understood that madness was a spiritual problem to be cured with torture. In 1665 AD. that induced bad "melancholy blood". in a strait room. Church Minister. Richard Baxter. not a bodily or physical one. In 1718 AD. Here is a video of Mary Audrey with her "left Leg anointing" like Mary Hall's demon possessed left foot. preacher for a church. In 1691 AD. Boyle gave two case histories of hypochondria which he correctly labels as "emotional shock". a church minister. "terrors of Conscience". 20. Baxter viewed madness as a spiritual problem. He claimed he cured insanity with "blisters" and opium. Most important. In 1667 AD. Mary Hall was faking the whole thing (hysteria) for attention because she did not like the way she was being treated by her father. His statement says it all: "Wherefore. Samuel Clifford. 19. preached a sermon to the queen about sin induced depression among Christians who have a "sincere love of God" and who experience that "which makes them fear". John Purcell was a quack who could have learned much from his local church minister for they were way ahead of him. Thomas Tryon correctly understood that madness was a spiritual problem. 16. a doctor of medicine. believed insanity was caused by "black Vapours fix'd upon the Brain" "Texture of the Brain" and clogged blood vessels in the brain. not the body caused insanity. selfishness. He also viewed hysteria as being transmitted from mother to daughter genetically. can lead to delusion. "a sense of the Wrath of God. He identified a cause of insanity as being. than by Physick or Medicines. 21. which then caused insanity! 1. it important to realize that he believed that sin and emotion actually were the foundational cause of melancholy blood. moral choices and sins of an individual. doctor and mad house owner. Although his etiology is humoral. stands beside his ministry director.. 22.. Timothy Rogers. 24. 23. a Pentecostal. and more certainly cured by punishments. took the view that insanity and depression were caused by life circumstances. However. In 1707 AD. He correctly understands that depression is caused by sin: "dread of those Punishments. In 1695 AD. paranoia. narcissism are all triggers for madness. describes depression (melancholy) as caused by a sin problem: "A sense of Sin. bad blood. Andrew Snape is the first preacher to diverge from the widely held view that insanity was caused by solely by sin. 25. but a spiritual one. John Moore. and a fear of Hell". In 1705 AD.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. 2. depression and laziness. Robert Boyle (inventor of Boyle's Law of the relationship between pressure and volume of gas). "Anxieties of Soul".ca/psychiatry/psychiatry-mental-illnes. This was later improved upon by Patrick Blair in 1725 AD. In 1694 AD. pride. then suffered the pains of their conscience. "terrors of the soul". As noted above. 18. and hard usage. not a bodily illness caused by chemical imbalances as it believed today. He clearly shows that the cause is purely of mind affecting the body. When she kicks up her left leg. Drage correctly notes that this is not a bodily illness. In 1691 AD." 17. Snape marks the beginning of Chemical psychiatry within the 8 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . He correctly charged the insane as being "guilty of voluntary active Self-pollution" who willfully sinned. and says. John 15. believed that the mind. who has the "Left Leg Anointing". "bitter envious fierce wrathful proud Spirit" Anger. He correctly viewed the cause of madness as sin and "wounds of the conscience". Baxter notes that cognitive dissonance from unrepented sin. "trouble of Conscience".

The brains of the insane are the same as normal people. Founder of Methodism. doctor and governor of Bedlam the same time James Monro. Giovanni Battista Morgagni. Snape describes an absurd etiology to insanity. 27. Christian community. It worked. Nicholas Robinson. the "brain fibres" are unable to kept thoughts separate and they begin to mix inside the brain causing madness. "a considerable hardness in the brain". Wow! That was clever! He cuts open the brain of an insane person and pokes his finger in the dura matter. that very little of real use can be said concerning it. have suffered such a fatal Shock. Francis Hutcheson a naturalistic philosopher. over excitement of emotion. 32. fell into great uneasiness". In 1747 AD. He had a spiritual etiology that affected the body as well as mind." In 1758 AD.. so as to break the nerves of the brain. applied Isaac's Newton's scientific laws (ie. John Monro. He wrongly believed that emotions were the result of chemicals floating around the blood stream. doctor. Lukes asylum. "When once these finest Fibres of the Brain. sin and thinking too hard. 31. like many preachers today. openly stated that he had no idea what caused mental illness: "Madness is a distemper of such a understood that insanity was caused by sin and noted a case of a young 20 year old man who went mad "by hearing a sermon of Mr. Morgagni is called the father of modern pathology and he dissected over 700 people of all diseases. His view is that the spirit drives the "machine of the human brain" too hard and it is unable to withstand the pressure. John Wesley. 1729 AD. Preacher. decided that the etiology of madness could be determined by. Hutcheson viewed madness as the result of chemical processes and fluids inside the body. 30. When these "fluids" were out of balance.. Of course he either "doctored his research" like drug companies do today or was incompetent. This led him to perfect a system of torture that cured the insane by waterboarding them out of insanity. In 1761 AD. In his conclusions for the cause of madness. 29.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. and uniform. the immediate causes will ever disappoint our search. In 1758 AD. Mad Doctor at Bedlam and then St. no Operation of the Mind. that immediately support the regular Exercise of our Thoughts. Chances are he. stated bad nerves was a cause of madness. believed insanity was caused by life choices. William Battie. which he believed to the same as "melancholy". blindly accepted what he was told by doctors. Doctor. viewed the cause of insanity to be spiritual choices of men rather than bodily diseases. that is regular. Like burst water hoses. can ever after be expected". In 1725 AD. In 1728 AD. and the cure of that disorder depends on management as much as medicine. Wheatley's. sedate. because he was wrong. His quacky views are foundational to the beginning of Chemical psychiatry. doctor at the Bedlam asylum. the laws of nature inside the machine (body) were forced to obey. 1687 AD) to the human mind. 9 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . he concluded it as due to. F=MA. Patrick Blair. "dissecting the heads of persons who have been disorder'd in their senses".

correctly taught that demon possession never caused insanity.. William St. .bible.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. It is a real. Clare cured them all instantly with his electric shock machine! Here is an example of how a form of torture. Farmer would not "ascribe madness and epileptic fits to possession" 36. the insane person was influenced by his environment from the outside. and fashionable and temporary. instantly snapped these 10 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . Clare. In 1775 AD. Doctor and Mad house owner described the etiology of insanity to "derive its origin from some accidental. and continued in it with the most violent convulsions for 24 hours". 33. Hugh Farmer. and a sad disease: an obstruction of the spleen by thickened and distempered blood. In other words. wrote about a classic case of hysteria where. In 1766 AD. not some problem with brain nerves. church minister. Thomas Arnold. "To call the hypochondriasis a fanciful malady. a doctor. .. this obstruction in the spleen is the true malady" 34. believed that Hypochondriasis (depression) was induced by melancholy blood clogging the spleen. In 1782 AD. extending itself often to the liver. and other parts . is ignorant and cruel. of the times. "a girl put a mouse into the breast of another girl who had a great dread of mice. A total 24 girls began to imitate the symptoms and the cotton mill where they all worked was shut down for fear of a plague that entered the factory from a bag of cotton. 35. or places. 37. John Hill. or to take its peculiar turn from the prevailing notions. state . doctor. in which it occurs".. The girl was immediately thrown into a fit. In 1787 AD.

William Pargeter. 40. Madness could be seen in the face! Equally spectacularly stupid was phrenology (Spurzheim and He practices all the moral treatments of his era. caring bedside manner. Of course this proves that insanity is not some chemical imbalance in the brain where a person is unable to control themselves. Lavater. the "madness" can be turned on and turned off at the will of the "madman". 1789 AD) 39. In 1803 AD. sex with prostitutes to elevate sexual insanity. Lavater trod down the center road of typical psychiatric quackery when he equated a persons personality and aptitude based on the shape for their face. J. But he most famous for his Cat piano (Katzenklavier) therapy. He would water board. he used coercion and discipline to gain control over the insane. Typical of all the mad doctors of his day. surprise baths with live eels. He rejected a physical etiology of insanity.. Doctor and Chaplain. describes how madness begins in the spirit moves to affect the body. (Essays on physiognomy. seen in the facial In 1789 AD. C. J. In 1806 AD. "to lay a foundation for studying the influence of the mind upon the body" This is rather obvious. In 1792 AD. pour hot wax on the body. Sir Charles Bell. burn the souls of the feet.. 1815 AD) that determined a persons personality and aptitude based upon the shape and bumps of the scull cap. Artist. cured the insane by "catching the eye" of the patient. Rather. This was not hypnotism. 41. C. The motive was likely a combination of fun. girls out of their acting. 38. but in fact rejected by chemical psychiatry today. Johann Christian Reil believed that insanity was caused by the mind and choices people made. which 11 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . but simple good. attention and getting a few days off work.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. Of course his medical views were quackery because blood vessels in the brain have nothing to do with insanity. public humiliation. Rush was very aware that the choices of the human spirit. doctor. So in one breath he says insanity is caused by blood vessels and in the other the human spirit. 43. believed that madness was caused by blood vessels in the brain and cured it by threatening to kill the insane if they did not cure themselves! Rush suffers from "scholastic schizophrenia" because he devotes an entire section to. Cox described the swing as. by acting upon the body through the medium of the mind . Joseph Mason Cox. The only way to cure Rush of his "scholastic schizophrenia" is to suggest that the human spirit affected the blood vessels in the brain. unexpected losses of money. In 1812 AD. homesickness. He reveals his "great and invaluable secret in the management of well regulated hospitals" is understanding that insanity is not an incurable organic disease. In 1806 AD." 44.". He rejects the etiology that brain legions caused insanity and identifies this error as the reason doctors of his time also viewed the insane as incurable. which then caused madness. sin and circumstances were the real etiology of madness. From an etiological viewpoint. fear. views man as a pile of chemicals and the mind as a non-existent myth.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www.. not an organic/physical problem with the brain.. Benjamin Rush. memorization. "a conscience burdened with guilt. This is exactly what we see today when chemical psychiatrists view insanity as a chemical imbalance in the brain and you labeled for life as a mental biologic misfit. drawing high prizes in a lottery. Philippe Pinel.. it is clear that Rush believed that the human spirit through emotion. intense study. extravagant joy. correctly understanding that insanity was a spiritual problem. terror. 42. popularized a form of torture that cured insanity called "the swing" by making people feel miserable and break down their will to engage in "insane behaviors". "both a moral [discipline] and medical mean in the treatment of maniacs. "The causes which induce intellectual derangement. a doctor known as the "father of modern psychiatry". In 1811 AD. but a curable condition caused by the human spirit "nervous excitement" which he said affects both body and the way people think.. 12 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . feelings and guilt for sin actually "induced" insanity.

1813 AD) 46. really exists. The fundamental concepts Tuke used in the treatment of the insane were their inherent ability to exercise self control because insanity was a spiritual problem. we shall still readily admit. Phrenology taught that the shape and size of the joints between the 22 bones of the human skull. 45. and the most likely to be attended with success. criminals really couldn't be blamed for their crimes. some bodily disease. This tradition of quack psychiatry continues today with the God Helmet in 2002 AD. that the disease originates in the mind. in all cases of apparent mental derangement. minister for Quakers. He made a powerful disclaimer against those who believed insanity was a physical disease: "We are. In 1815 AD. in all its forms. kindness. Samuel Tuke. All of Tuke's treatments (attending church. In the present imperfect state of our knowledge. he believed the insane never lost their self control or freewill in action. How else could he expect to see God? So the stupid junk science of phrenology has a dark tradition that continues into modern chemical psychiatry. warm In 1813 AD. though unseen and unknown.. or physical/body. but he strongly leaned towards the spiritual/mind etiology. Samuel Tuke. we conceive that mind is incapable of injury or destruction. where magnetic impulses on the side of the are supposed to generate spiritual experiences in the wearer. This thinking is seen today in the insanity plea and chemical evolutionary psychiatrists. are obviously the most natural. coercion. and that. Franz Joseph Gall and Johann Gaspar Spurzheim came up with a new and improved version of the junk-pop psychology theories of Lavater's physiognomy. determined all mental and personality traits. but caused by life choices and circumstances. is capable of entire control"... humiliation) pointed to the fact that he correctly suspected insanity was not a bodily disease. who taught the shape of a persons skull determined their mental abilities." Most important. "that madness. not bodily disease. of the very interesting branch of the healing art. Poor gullible atheist Richard Dawkins actually tried on the God Helmet. and unable as we generally are to ascertain its true seat in the complicated labyrinths. which relates to the cure of insanity. Although he was unsure if the cause of insanity was spiritual/mind. "If we adopt the opinion.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. If on the contrary. (Description Of The Retreat For Insane. Gall taught that since a person's mental and moral characteristics are determined by the shape of the skull he was born with. applications made immediately to it. 13 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . devoted his life to the Retreat for the insane at York. that maniacal symptoms are aggravated by bodily disorder. far from adopting it as a universal maxim.

pioneered . Prichard ascribes as many different kinds of moral insanity as sins listed in the Bible: "the varieties 14 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 . 49. there was nothing physically wrong with the insane. appears to be incontrovertibly ascertained . doctor. is our soul. while our external Self is our body.. but a moral choice of the madman within his power to control and change. proving that mental illness is not a bodily disease. their personal choices and self deception: Heinroth understood that the mind can make the body sick and the body can affect the way one feels." Heinroth understood that often.. understood that insanity was not a bodily disease but a spiritual choice that could be altered by Water treatment and the Swing. a disease of the body causes someone to commit immoral acts (crimes) without any traces of delusion. as willingly to take any medicine prescribed. In 1818 AD. 47. He places the blame for those who are insane squarely upon themselves.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. Johann Christian August Heinroth. It important to remember that he also rejected demon possession as a cause of insanity: Heirnroth. but a spiritual choice made by the "patient".. insanity was caused by the soul alone. paranoia or schizophrenia. In 1818 AD. In 1828 AD. Heinroth adopts the Christian view that man has a distinct body and soul: "Our inner being. William Saunders Doctor. 50. This is the foundation of his etiology of madness. James Cowles or our inner I. He clearly stated that insanity was not a bodily illness. Doctor. but a spiritual choice that violates the conscience that is caused by sin." And it worked. has succeeded in an admirable manner . In a page out of modern chemical psychiatry. understood that insanity was a moral choice cured by persuasion of the "swing": "from repeated trials... I can confidently declare. He rejected all the humoral the causes that other doctors believed caused insanity. Doctor and Christian. This method of subduing furious maniacs.. that its efficacy . Thus he sees all insane as lost souls to the Devil.. The fact they were so widely used and indeed cured the insane. yet the chair cured them! 48. sometimes the result is insanity. he believed that in the majority of cases. is historic proof that mental illness is not a bodily disease or chemical imbalance in the brain. Incurables were those who did not respond to any known treatment. as a Christian. He states that sin is the etiology of madness and that being insane is actually a sinful state itself like "living common law". Sir Alexander Morison. the idea of "moral insanity" (to the detriment of mankind) so that criminals would not pay for their crimes. sees a loving God calling a rebellious man to himself. I have generally found patients to become at once so subservient to my wishes. invented the term "psychosomatic". When man on the basis of his own free will rejects God. As the term "moral insanity" infers. In 1835 AD.

which then caused insanity. In 1853 AD. Alexandre J. Worry. In 1857 AD. Madden understood that if the mind of a single person could induce insanity. then chose to specialize in a real medical career. In the second place. Here is a survey of the historic treatments mad doctors used on the insane. world renounced ophthalmologist. see it for the deceptive confusion it really is. two of his demon angels: Sigmund Freud and Charles Darwin's Origin of the Species in 1859 AD. their observations on the causes of mental illness were generally correct! 3. 52. believed that insane people were forced to commit crimes like mal-adjusted chemical robots. attention or be excused from life's responsibilities and be catered to. 3. viewed hallucinations as the product of the human mind and cured by cold baths and cold water torture.. wrote his first book on hysteria and faking insanity. 2. F. they rejected the idea that life choices and circumstances had anything to do with insanity. the etiology (cause) of insanity was viewed in one of three ways: 1. But the Devil was raising to power. were designed to punish. first. the advantage of keeping up a constant cooling effect on the organ which is congested.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www. input or corrections. Their treatments. Richard Robert Madden observed many historic cases of a kind of mass hysteria. His book on hysterics should have been the writing on the tombstone that exposed insanity for what it really is and psychiatry as quackery and junk pseudo science. In 1857 AD. he lost interest in psychiatry and specialized in eye surgery.. he clearly understood that people could be tortured into sanity. it harasses the patient" Although Boismont's etiology of "melancholy blood" was junk Hippocratic science. but this view was actually the historically majority view. like psychiatrists today. This proves that such mass delusions and hallucinations are not caused by the body. doctor. guilt. Historically. life choices and circumstances directly caused insanity. Most believed that sin. of moral insanity are perhaps as numerous as the modifications of feeling or passion in the human mind" So Prichard has moral insanity varieties like "theft". Conclusion: 1. A tiny minority believed insanity was a random bodily illness like any other physical disease. Robert Brudenell Carter. 2. 4. Send us your story about your experience with modern Psychiatry 15 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27 .ca/psychiatry/psychiatry-mental-illnes. life choices and circumstances indirectly caused insanity by first producing melancholy blood. It is clear that Carter viewed hysteria as a blatant and deliberate deception where a person acts like they are insane or sick in order to gain sympathy. What is interesting about this phenomena. "murder". Carter left psychiatry and became a world class eye surgeon. affected the body. He used cold water dripping on the head to cure insanity: "The effect produced by this continued sprinkling has. Like many medical students today who consider a career in psychiatry. and change the will of the insane. Brierre De Boismont. without causing those injurious results which have been laid to the charge of ice. By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments. "ponzi stock market scheming" etc. Suggesting that both insanity and hallucinations are entirely products of the mind and not the body is a stunning contradiction to chemical psychiatry today. motivate. is that it is clearly induced by freewill choices of the minds of a large number of people at the same time. Carter recognized that the physical symptoms were caused by the power of the mind. Having concluded much of insanity was pure faking. Some believed sin. so could it happen on a mass scale. etc. Although these doctors had a totally incorrect "humoralistic view" of medicine. Prichard. anger fear. Like chemical psychiatrists today. Prichard believes that it is the disease forcing the sinful behaviour upon an otherwise model citizen. but the mind. which then caused insanity. The result is the chemical psychiatry we see today. 53.

Go To Start: WWW.BIBLE.Sin was viewed as the cause (etiology) of mental illness http://www..CA 16 of 16 19-01-2016 04:27