DHCP: provide automatic Ip addressing for windows clients; allows creates pools of Ip addresses know as scopes, which clients

can request a temporary or lease an ip DHCP is layer 5 protocol that uses UDP datagrams for communication DHCP clients use UDP port 68 to send and receive DHCP broadcast DHCP server use UDP port 67 to send and receive DHCP broadcast Flexible configurations: DHCP allows you to implement ip address changes easily scalable design :small and Large network can benefit from Centralized administration: DHCP allows to store ip address and configuration information is a single centralized location automatic host configuration: allows computers to be deployed without manual ip configuration DHCP Components and Processes DHCP Leases: defines the amount of time or the duration that an ip address is loaned to a DHCP client when leases is issued, the ip is removed from pool (from scope) prevent from attempting to use same ip twice lease duration: amount of time a client keeps an Ip address before releasing it. Client type: connection time Number of Ip addresses DHCP Scopes: is a range of ip address and related configuration information available by request from a DHCP client DHCP scopes most often represent a single subnet DHCP Options: contains basic settings that a client need for proper network communication ipaddress – subnet-mask- defautl gateway-primary dns- secondary dns-DHCP lease expiration server options are settings defined per server that apply to all scopes on a specific DHCP server Scope Options: are settings define per scope that apply only to the scope to which they are added. DHCP Reservation: allows to assign a specific ip address to a DHCP client without statically configuring the device with Ip information uses MAC address to determine Ip address client receives DHCP Relay Agent: forwards DHCP request from DHCP clients to an DHCP server on the network BOOTP Relay Agent Dynamic DNS:DHCP clients work with DNS servers to create, modify and delete DNS name records for DHCP clients DDNS updates A and AAAA records for clients PTR records – reverse lookup records DHCP Communication Processes HDCP Discover : DHCP client broadcast a dhcp Discover to locate a DHCP server ******Offer: DHCP server responds with DHCP Offer – other config information *****Request: DHCp client broadcast a DHCP request message to SERver to accept offer DHCPack: message is a response from server that confirms a DHCP clients ip addressing DHCPNack: response fro server – decline the DHCP clients request DHCPDecline: DHCPRelease DHCPinform: DHCP DataBase: provides its service by maintaining a database of client ip addressing is constantly updated as new ip requests are fulfilled database is based on the Joint Technology storage engine

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