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THE LAST ‘PERSHING’ BY GEORGE L. SIMPSON LTC USA (RET) Lr, Cor. GEORGE. L. Simpson 1380 FOX RIVER DRIVE DE PERE, WISCONSIN 54115 414-996-4150 - THE LAST PERSHING - ‘There is an especiul nostalgia for the "lust" of uny breed and a locomotive is no exception. And so herein lies the tale of the "Last Pershing", one of many engines-bélatedly nemed efter General John J. Pershing, commander of the AEF in Europe during World War I. Appropriately enough General Pershing wus the son of a railvay section foreman. Life began for the Pershings at the Baldwin Locomotive Works, Eddystone, Pa. with the entrance of the United States into WWI. The large forces on the Europesn continent required immense support for their railroad operations in order to bring the " ser" to his heels. (As a point of interest, no war has been won, from the civil Wer to present, without large scale railroad operations. Witness the : downfall of Viet Nam vs. the rail-supported effort of Korea.) As @ result of the requireaent of massive rail operations, the first order for Pershing "type" locomotives was consummated with the Baldwin Locomotive Works July 17, 1917. This initial order w4s completed on October 1, 1917, end is thought to be the most urgent order ever placed in the history of locomotive building. ‘The designation "Pershing", however, appeared first among the records in connection with a United States Amy order for 510 Baldwin cénsolidution locomotives placed about August 20, 1918. - : The first order consisted of 150 locomotives manufactured with super heaters vs. saturated steam. In order to fulfill this order, and succeding orders, Baldwin butlt an additional erecting shop at Eddystone during 1917-18. Through their expertise and giant capacity, they produced upwards of 300 "2-8-0's" monthly. ‘These engines had 56" drivers, 21" x 28" cylinders, and a total engine weight of 166,400 lbs. Over 25 years later, the Military Railvay Service entered Korea, in September 1945, finding the condition of locomotives from good to bad. Of the 47k locomotives in Korea, upon inspection, 65 percent were beyond salvation. ‘The remaining 166 locomotives were shopped, and pressed into service. This was not enough, s0 Americon®Loconotives, no longer needed in Europe, vere requisitioned. These arrived 19 Marcti, 1947 and here entered the "Last Pershing". It was the one "loner" shipped from the United States to make up the total of 101 "2-8-0's", the other one hundred coming out of Europe. This "loner" began her existence at Baldwin in 1917, destined for Europe and WWI; hovever, fate stepped in, and at the last moment she vas rerouted from the Norfolk, Va. port to utility service at Ft. Monroe, Vu. She “buffed and puffed” until 1925, at which time she was shopped and modernized. The French style cab ~ was removed, and a modern 1925 style American cab installed. When WWII arrived the Pershing again “pissed the boat"--this time, serving on the utility railroads of tvo southern camps. In ait, MAAG (Military Assistance Advisory Group) was founded to give-aid and assistance to the Korean National Railroad. In order to fulfill their mission, and aid the Korean National Reilroad, one hundred departing from storage in 101 locomotives were dispatched to Korea Europe, and one "loner" from the United States. It, of: eourse, was our "old pa: and this time she was going to make it to battle. Upon arrival in Korea she was renumbered 101: Always the last one! When the Korean war broke out, the "Last Pershing" hauled troops and supplies between Pusan and Seoul. This time, she really got in it, encountering guerilla warfare and sustaining numerous wounds. No doubt she wished that she was back in the States. After being shot up, and going thru a couple of "coroneries", she wes almost laid to rest in her final engine house; but no, she was destined to curry on. When members of the 765th Trensportation Shop Bn. found her in many "bits and pieces", she was run thru the shop, emerging a gracious ledy with white side walls, brass greb rails, brass air pumps, chrome throttle, brass boiler bands, und appropriately renumbered '765'. She finished out Beautiful new brass 4-star Pershing plates vere made and installed ‘the war as a backshop switcher proudly doing her duty. Upop cessation of hostilities she was laid to rest and storage. In 1959 she wes donated by the Korean Government to the National Railroad Museum at Green Bey, Wisconsin, where didn't make. 1917 1919-1937 1925 Agho ighe | Aghs 1947 1959 Numbering: 8341 6779 165 ion she now proudly stands as a symbol to three wars, two of which she ~CHRONOLOGY- Built Ft. Monroe, Norfolk Army Base Modernized and New Cab Modernized and New Cab “Wreck en route to Camp Blanding Florida from Ft. Benning, Georgia Storage Shipped to Korea Shipped to Green Bay, Wisconsin : + Utility Railroad Service wet - Upon arrival in Korea - 765th Transportation Shop Bn. + Korean National Railways Those of us who knew and helped in saving her from the torch, enjoyed her best as the '765', and that is the way the author shall remember “The Lust Pershing". ‘The Last Pershing after outshopping and being renumbered 765 The Auther and Ist Lt. Harold . Johnson shortly after th= outshopping 765th Transportation Shop Bn. (Pussy Kanes) ons, The first steaming of the 'The Last Pershing’ after outshopping. The ‘Last Pershing’ after outshopping. 1a NaTIONAL find NETIONAL REILROSD MUSPUM Ww 1AN-McCORMICK BUILDING, 205 EAST WALNUT, GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN 54301 (414) 435-5671 be LL Lae, ews Ge eels Lie tf Go A fran Bacon 04 o LL : LO, Geert VALE gee starler / ca —_ ru i iil jill | i i | i ee TH TT Investors Syndicate Life INSURANCE AND: 'UITY COMPANY Anvestors Building, iM apolis. Minn, 55402 November 15, 1972 Mr, es Foshay, Dfrector National Raflway Museum 1338 Ceape Avenue Oshkosh, Wisconsin 54907 Dear Mr. Foshay: On July 14, 1971 we had a very interesting phone conversation regarding wy association with General Pershing Number 101 while serving with the U. S._Army in Korea. This was followed up with additional information ina letter to you dated July 19, 1971 (see copy attached). You indicated during our phone conversation in July, 1971, that a revised booklet describing many of the locomotives and cars presently on display at the National Railroad Museum was in the process of preparation. I would certainly appreciate receiving a copy of this booklet when it comes off the press. Any pictures (especially those suitable for framing) or additional information you might have on "old 101" would also be appreciated. I would of course be happy to send you a check for any costs involv Thank you and best regards. Sincerely, Lester A. Jacoby 3903 Colgate Avenue Minnetonka, ‘IN 55343 LAd/sb | Generaf Getting Closer—The Gen. Pershing, 45- year-old locomotive that served the U. 8. Army ‘from the first World War through the Korean con- flict, is parked in the rafl yards at Altoona, near Eau is saw service in both World Wars I and II as well as in Korea, the famed General Pershing, left, made its Tact trin Fridav ta ite nines af haner in tha Wi Dick Precman Claire, en route to its place in the rail museum here. It will end its journey when accommodations at the natjonal rail shrine are completed. os tional Railroad Museum Park, It was pushed into | place by another Museum locomotive which was Steamed up forthe occasion, Ground-breaking cere. pe maniac ava heing held at the Maesnm tedaw a o,t4 eee tree Semen, Set RB Nomen args Sow & Gen aot Creer S44 BOY a we an Ltr LLL AA panigbrees WD creer of AD Hmermnn , am DRL TDi, TIN Cace ep te). biewe be, Lhe Lo ner Bt {ase Benak) 28 Que oR a atred in Tanky, 1048, ei erates See eg eet Itso, ioe nas etdBad Ze Konan Conf Bet © omg ey “En Hos. Re ak Ragman). T Bla DABr~- Bred Ll ae > io Rak Coctn t { FA. a ss Mo TA ok, at v 7 A. Fn Botnet Bie ReDredk om OV aye ey at Korn with Aba c AM OXST, Lanne oe aah T. Rs SQ ~ We at a eee edi ve eine td arene Kore T Dinky: mine fe yea oi arin Bs Pac Sere Aba (pap Dy rename ne, BoBD. Re LD see Do Duro were 2 ees ee 2. 7 oe PS Veteran Locoi Sec 1 “General ” center, famed Army locomotive, is flanked by | © Civil War vintage woodburner and B at farewell ceremonies Friday. Army representatives in the uniforms of the Civil War, World War I and today were on hand for ceremony. Second from right is F. B. Whitman, Western Pacific president. ff to | Museum Here—6 Days Early |, : eee Seca etn eee eee Sa ane cn ew ‘early sendoff” Friday on Is Sip to Green Bay, Wik, for reblack engine since tts arrival road. Museum. es. Word War 1 and Weeld jar TI to participate. |" B. Whitman, president at! ‘Western Pacific, presented al symbolic “tree! ticket” that] |will take the General Persh-| Ing back to Green Bay via Western Partie: Grost Norte ‘tirement in the National Rail-/here trom Korea last Satur-| (AP Photofax) and the North . ~0f F. BY Whitaen, ohn Budd and Ben 1 Failroads, How soon the trip to "the last sensthousae wil Begin otter - Cylinder Driver diameter — Tractve effort Factor of adhesion — BOILER Outside diameter Grate area Evaporsting ‘irsee Engine and Tender ‘whealbase Weight on drivers Total Tender capacity — Walschaerts valve ge UNITED STATES ARMY CONSOLIDATION Type 2-8-0 The General Pershing Number 101, The sole survivor of the 150 locomotives built in 1916 for the Army in World War I. The museum received the locomotive from President Sygman Rhee of the Korean Republic as a sift from the Korean people, This engine saw actjon in three wars... France, 1918; in Army camps in World War 4H, and in Korea. The engine went to Korea in 295f"and participated in that nation’s struggle for freedom. ‘The en- gine was recovered from damaged areas and reconstructed by Army transportation troops. Built by the Baldwin Company, the engine holds a certificate of service from the U. $. Army presented by the Secretary of the Army, May 30, 1959. u.s. ARMY LOCOMOTIVE, THE GENERAL PERSHING, No. 101 ‘The sole survivor of the 1500 locomotives built in 1916 for the War Department in World War, this engine sow ndion in three wars — France, 1918) in Army camps in World War Il; and in Korea, The engine went to 1951 and perticipated in that notion’s struggle for freedom. Under the direction of Col. George Simpson, the engine was recovered from damaged arecs ond recon: structed by Army Trensportation oops in 1953. Col. Simpson is now @ director of the Notional Raflrecd Mu- eee eas of aperations. Built by the Baldwin Company, the engine holds a certifeate of service from re ynited Stores Army, presented by the Secretary of the Army, on May 0, 1959. The museum received the ire wice from Presiden’ Syamen Rhee of the Korean Republic os a aift from the Kerean_peosle. Over 300 ceernaper carried the dramatic wiry of the arrivel of this engine from Kores end it wos then thet the Gnoctling museum fist gained national ottention, Secured through the efforts of Herold T. |. Shannon ‘and Herold € Fuller, Museum President. Tobe 13 8. 9 in. Firebon: 123230 in ener: Republic af Korea HDA CoP. Trane A. Nc hela Care Thy 18,19 Attn) Lod drow : a a i. te “ Rev etd Le aanviee oA + Damme Lester A. Jacoby 15405 Fortuna Bay Dr #11 Corpus Christi, TX 78418 1/30/2002 ¥ Talso got a flee letter 1 Ysa ec ea | Somme Spring cleaning (80 deen ee ‘and. TL came upon some back issues of ines,” published by the” | “As ¥ mentioned sever ago, a steam locomotive I operated ir Korea as a young 19-year-old Amy! | Sergeant in 1947-485 on dopey in tha vel. gre Oaeta eaage ue ft wil., We ig.of| being in the. ‘Green’ Bay atea this ‘summer, as'al" matter of fact, and whenever in that city, I always visit the National, Railroad Museum. So, there youl Bo. River urents 4+/a4/a00% “Got another nice lett from Museum in Green bene Les and I i dari et ene [ae ie going Uo be la the eee engine sine then spent ti © 1942 Baldwin - Sadaeaet ; Korea taken in Septembetr 19513* He also says I should visit Door ‘County when in the Green Bay area, and I plan on doing that. Tn fact, that's where we plan to spend the i bulk of our time the week we're away. : agree with you Les, “the Door” » is'a beautiful place to visit and I'm looking forward to retuming there. oe Our, last visit to, the peninsula was 12 years ago when David was a mere pup of two. We were enjoying the amenities of Door County whet ie day it turned, beastly cold: 45 degrees (in mid-June!) with @ strong. | northwest wind off Green Bay! We nearly froze, having brought very litle in the way of warm clothing. ‘We scurried to buy sweatshirts and remember the amusement park we visited near Fish Creek. David was the only kid still enjoying the rides, 10 they left one attendant to follow us (him) around. Whatever ride David wanted to go on, the young man would follow ‘him to it, turn it on and give David his money's worth. David's a bit taller now and I'm hoping for a little warmer weather this time around. Of course, the way this spring has been, it's anybody's guess what summer will bring. So, Les, I'll be sure to stop atthe National Railway Museum (as 1 always do) when in Green Bay, and Il pat old 101 on the boiler Mike Smith Cum W's amazing what a week away from the office will do for. a guy. ‘Especially when that week involves sitting each evening by the waters of Green Bay watching the sun set, watching the sea gulls fly by— occasionally landing practically at your feet to look for a handout, “dropping a line into the cold and clear water every morning and evening in) hopes of landing a frisky bass ‘or perhaps ‘something even bigger, hiking to the tops of tall bluffs to, look out across the endless miles of blue water, leting that cold water, splash’ in your face as you cruise! across. “Death's Door” aboard. the: Island Clipper fo wander about in * wilderness” Of Washington Island, standing perfectly’ still along a wooded path as first two deer stares back’ at you from-about 20. yards), and, then a tiny fawn scampers for, ‘o stop and look back at you as much & a5 10 say, “You're not going to hurt ‘me, are you?” wee T'was that kind of week. From. four centrally located home-away=\ from-home in. beautiful, quaint Ephraim, we found pure relaxation. Yet enough excitement” 0 keep er {well-travelled, Wisconsin Dells- ‘seasoned chil * centrally located because everything ” We needed—food ‘and entertainment wise—was within four miles: south ” theater, which we happily took out children to sa they-could experience, i Tor the first (and. who knows but. perhaps the last) time ia. their lives 2 the thril of sitting in your car and Watching’a fick on the really big ns (Evel that “movie Was. Pi if you ever want to see, o-truly bad ‘movies. 1 recommend this one. 1 have only. ‘walked out on one movie in my life, fut of many hundred, and this would hhave been my’second had I ngt been ata d ids Tiked it and simply being there: was the point, bad movie not). River "safety from right under your feet only: = © © Johnson's Sw jéren happy. I say Deb we had sto iu ‘to Fish Creek, and north to’Sisier) /. the National Railroad Museum Bay; Thaiseven ‘includes a drive-in, © G/ia freer, remits We found the perfect motel. highly recommend the Harborside in Ephraim, The view i incredible; the rooms are very. pleasant, quite comfortable and highly affordable; and owners Tom and Mary. Ann Schuder do everything they’ ca to make your siaya:pleagant‘one, including recommending the best Ioeal ‘eateries. T looked. at many lodging felts in the area and T found none I'd rather stay a, period ‘Among the local eateries: they fecommended was D'Amico’s. in Siseriay Wed en oi fr Place 1 eat pza (we cant go on) ication with David without eating pizza somewhere. had already tied Welsgetber's in Bailey's Harbor oss the peninsula: While that was ine, D'Ammico's was special With Frank Sigutt warbling for the Speaker sytem ths ny bal alorng puts (hone of "Pete's Zaa!—Spet 7) Sabina te itr reason, The great "Pete's Za0" en kee bebe? oe Of course we had to vist Al Restaurant and © try the Swedish Pancakes with Ling- tnbery syrup, as recommended b four (Bend Les Yaceby. down: in ‘Corpus Christi, Texas. Mearned from.) poed there before, as | “thought vee only passed by on our olher visis many years'ag02 * For Les, I made sure: ‘stopped at © Green Bay on our final Day inthe fea and:I got some photos of the ‘General Pershing”—Locomiotive # 101: Les’ engine while he was in Korea’ I ‘will send them 10° him ‘ASAP. Les asked me to pat the 101 ‘of the boiler for him while there, and, though ‘T-eduldn’t quite) reach the {| boiler, I patted the 10) anyway’ and ‘was glad I had time to stop there. It was either that or visit the Packer, Hall of Fame with David...and the choice was obvious... Mike Smith "ei competed vacation: nr iThere are taste things you MUSTdo. whem, you: ae. in Doge County 1) You MUST try the Fish Boil Door County is knovin for its whitefish boils and you can't go ‘rong with any of thin. Mmmm! 2) You MUST go to:Al John: son's Swedish Resturant and have“ the Pancakes noted las week and | Soap a fer pictures of the oats On the ges gat & 3) And you MUST go Yo Wil! Son's Ice Cream Shop in Ephraim, Oh, and suppose you should vst a least one gift shop, Guys, you dont | have to ie it bu here ae so many and they are much to aliring pass up.and it keeps the. wife happy ; Everything else is optional. except perhaps the fishing. "We did all of the above. There realy are so many. fey entertaining ‘and memorable things to'do in Door" | +A few more notes on “| Couiniy, You could sia for weeks, Especially” when ‘you consider that half of the time you should be doing » nothing more than lying in lounge "chair somewhere relaxing, looking at the water, T,swear T wes getting «headaches every day for to weeks _ east in my mind, Was othiog more han stress fyom deadlies things around here come | May) Belcretieaste bole brag a Brooklyn 1'll sell you stories, but iS tue, except for the tagline. | We were driving back from Green Bay on Highway 29 late Saturday afternoon when we decided we needed {6 stop ata wayside for a sandwich and 10 stretch our legs. The two wwaysidés between Wausau and Eau Claire were no longer operating. so T decided to shoot for a community park in one of the. litle towns along the way. \ River Curremts. G/2t/2002 Knowing that Owen is at the Junetion of the Wisconsia Central Railroad's Duluth-Chieago main line and the Twin Cities-Owen main, I was hoping for alittle park there, so T could combine lunch with tain watching, if possible. I never miss an opportunity for train watching.) I ~ didn't announce my intentions, even whed I turned off the highway atthe Owen’exit. T'simply saidthis town ‘must have'a park. " Tt did. As we crossed the tacks, 1 looked to my right and saw a WC irain in the siding. I glanced to my eft and there, before my eyes, was ‘what appeared to be a community park. right alongside the tracks. We rounded the corner and sure enough, it was a’ park, complete: with pienie tables, a rest room, and everything! We no more then shut off the car engine and 1 heard two blasts-from the locomotive hora/and in seconds, this big four-engine train rumbled by 2: pile up sped nt sasvard jourfey. Deborah wondered how I ‘managed to pull that one off! "And here's the tag: [simply told her I called ahead before we left Green Bays toldthe engineerta, wait. at Oven until we got thre and when he saw the,gfeen van pull into the, park, to blast the horn twice and go. 1 told her pays to have connections. Like I said, you believe thar ‘And speaking. of tains, I seem "Stole the"only” person: in town who «didn't see the steam locomotive and “train, go through Alina, Nelson. and “Pepin last Wednesday. 1 sll am not sure Which steam engine it as‘or Why the area, My, guess is it was the Milwaukee Road 261 on fan-excursion, but nothing in. my Railroad magazine tells about it. Ido know that Union Pacific's Challenger steam locomotive was in St: Paul last Friday, having arrived ‘Thursday from Des Moines, before returning 19 Des Moines Saturday ‘morning, I wanted t6 go see that, to0, but was, of course, to busy. ‘Let'me Eonelude by mientionit ~“Treceived another letrfrom our dear feiend in Corpus Christi, Texas: Les |, Jacoby. He enjoyed reading about our |" tecent visit to Door County and the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay. And Les, I've got those pictures broek now for you and you should be “geting them any. day, now. in the mall PEGI Lis" leur, was prewy, cool for “ack of a ‘belie? word (sometimes, those goofy words. we. Te Pile sTALR US ren: Dont Brthg PrrrnBine” ave Aa PM 200 ( aL Tiew "Red baran” pabBiled Oy Yoder k Raku eR Nera Gran Ba, Oiremrein | Ree Wo lot fon a Why Kew, wbak age lt cae); awe Ln WHR Re rt me Brn N42 BaR Devine area Lin aan Door Comte, ( % 2. ana, as MK Tana ce (oN aA Lech mee) S apart Suniel neha Mallow, am Takin (Dene a aod a. TR Se DQ ak 2 Os Ps: Adie gp th org he Ss owt fo ath, Thy Dowd wot TARE Novae Co fied Centon last, INVESTORS SYNDICATE LIFE INSURANCE AND ANNUITY COMPANY Investors Building, Minneapolis Minnocota $5440 duly 19, 1971 Mr. Wes Foshay, Director National Railroad Museum 1338 Ceape Avenue Oshkosh, Wisconsin 54901 Dear Mr, Foshay: It was a pleasure meeting you by phone on Wednesday, July 14, I have searched my mind and researched my military service rerorablia, as you requested, to come up with some comments on my association with General Pershing Number 10! while serving with the U. S, Army In Korea, My U, S. Army service began in August, 1946. 1 arrived in Korea In December, 1946, after infantry basic, and was assigned to the United States Army Military Government in Korea. U,S.A.M.G.1.C, Headquarters then assigned me to the 500 Railway Grand Division (later the 30th T.C, Traffic Regulation Group) because of a year's experience I had with the Milwaukee Road Signal Department as @ civilian, A Captain George C. Chambers (he had some experience with the Milwaukee Road Signal Oepartment prior to World War 11) and | were appointed as the American advisors to the Korean National Railroad (KNR) for electrical and mechanical signal operations After a period of six months | volunteered to serve with Headquarters and Headquarters Company of the 790th Transportation Railway Operating Battalion which was then forming three railroad operating crews to primarily serve the military pler (Pier 4) in Pusan, (Communist inspired passive resistance and sabotage was then beginning and one of their objectives was to hamstring the distribution of military supplies, especially at the main point of origin which wes the military pler.) We also dié some work In a reclassification yard about 25 miles north of Pusan sorting out rolling stock which could be refurbished for use by the KNR. For several months in mid=1947 | "learned the trade" by working as 2 fireman on 2 stean locomotive operated by a Sergeant "Pat" Gorey who had been a railroad engineer in civilian life, When he was returned for discharge to the United States | was promoted to engineer. The three crews continued In operation unt!! early 1948 when it was decided to disband them because of Increasing danger to thelr safety from Communist inspired activities. In late 1946, or early 1947, a large shipment of steam locomotives was sent to Korea from (1 believe) Germany by the United States Government to replenish the KNR's rol- ling stock. As | recall, all of these locomotives had been built by the Baldwin Company for the U, S, Army in 1942 except for the General Pershing now In the National Railroad tuseum, ‘We decided to use this particular loconotive for our operations because It had an air (or is it steam) actuated reversing mechanism and air brakes. The 1942 Baldwins had a manually operated "Johnson bar" and steam jam brakes. It vas discovered quite quickly, however, that it took tro hardworking firemen to keor the General Pershing in operation, I+ was also heavier than the newer Baldwins and we found that 2 good arount of our time was spent in reralling it on the curves the yards, . .and even sonetimes on the "straightaway" (as | recall, tie-plates were used about every sixth tie). : Asubsi ote 55440 -y of Investors Diversified Services, Inc. Minneapolis, Mi July 19, 1971 Mr, Wes Foshay, Director National Railroad Museum Page 2 1 particularly remember one day when it had to be rerailed six times on one curve and It took about 45 minutes per rerail. For these reasons we discontinued using the General Pershing and changed over to the 1942 Baldwins. However, for lighter jobs, especially in the reclassification yards where we had to cross some bridges whose strength was doubtful, we used Japanese ‘manufactured saddle type locomotives. e As | mentioned in our phone conversation, Colonel Jesse M. sGfel lon vas in charge of rail operations for the 500 Railway Grand Division (later the 30th T.C, TRG) during the period | was in Korea, | was recalled for service In 1950 and again Spent about seven months in,Konea during 1951 with the 30 Transportation Rall way Military Service. Colonel Méféiian was also back In Korea heading up rail opera~ tions during this period and was, as | recall, about 57 years of age, Of course 1 do not know if he is still living or where he made his home after his militery service ended, but | believe he came from the Southeastern United States. Mr, Foshay, the general comments in this letter fairly well cover the facts that | can recall during my exposure to General Pershing Number 101, Perhaps U, S. Army Transportetion Corps records in the’ Pentagon can give you some additional back ground information on militery railroad operations In Korea. Thank you for giving me this opportunity to put some of my thoughts on paper. Please let me know It you have any further questions. | would appreciate any additional information you might have on the history of “old 101 Singgrely, sen Ster A. Jacoby LAd/sb Page 1 of 1 Nancy G. Cunningham From: Hans Schumacher [} Sent: Saturday, September 13, 2003 1:13 PM To: — Subject: Your family tree Dear Nancy, Because of one of your websites (which told the railroad story "The Last Pershing"), | was motivated to contact Lester Jacoby, in Corpus Christ, TX. | called him, because | wanted to inform him about the death of the author of that story, LTC George Simpson. George Simpson was a close friend of mine, and during my phone conversation with Mr. Jacoby, | related how George Simpson attended an army reunion in San Diego, CA about a year after his frst wife, Nelda (Kitty) died, and by chance met the former actress, Denise Darcel, whom he had ‘met and romanced 45 years eartier in Paris, France, shortly after U.S. forces liberated that city from the Germans. George subsequently married Denise, and they settled on Casey Key, just south of Sarasota, Florida. Mr, Jacoby then told me that you had told him that there was a "connection" between your families. He advised ‘me to contact you on your website, so here | am. Ifindeed, you are somehow related to the late George Simpson or his extended familly, perhaps | can help fill in ‘some chinks in your genealogy searching. | am a retired anesthesiologist who lives in De Pere, Wisconsin (right next to Green Bay, where the National Railroad Museum is located). Please let me know if| can be of any assistance. | must say, that while traveling about a bit in your website conglomeration | have noted that you must be a very busy lady.’ So! apologize if this is adding clutter to your many pursuits. God Bless You! John P. Schumacher M.D. 1360 Fox River Drive De Pere, Wi 54115-2403 Phone: (920) 336-3862 10/15/2003 P loveliest (a we ‘Acray #101 is the sole 1vivor of 150 such 2-8 }s built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works during WWI locomotive sehen construction, the entire class was fied with French-style cabs and other European features in preparation for shipment oversea to ad the war effort, Railroad, both European and thse of the American Expeditionary Forces, played a key cole supplying the oops during the conlice. Considering twas the “war to end all wars" and if steam locomotive can be considered lucky... #8341, as twas then sumbered, did not goto Europe as originally planned. Rather it sav duty asa switcher at Ft. Monroe, Va. Dusing 1918, the U.S. Army began refering to these 150 loco motives and 510 more 2-8-0s on order with Baldwin, a the “Pershing class in honor of Ge. John “Blackjack” Pershing, Commander of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during WWI. Seeing that the locomotive was not sated for European dusy, ‘Ot underwent modifications in 1925. IP's orginal cab was replaced with one more suited for we in the US. and the other European fixtures were removed. The locomotive continued its stateside service, including switching duties at two southern riltary bases during WWI, une it was pu in storage in 1945, 11947, the Military Assistance Advisory Group was estab- lished toaisist the Korean National Railroad with ie rebuilding after the Japanese occupation of WWI USS. military advisors found the raltoad severely lacking of motive power and asked that surplus locomotives be shipped in. Along with 100 engines fiom Europe came #101 from the US. Hence, its number, During the Korean War (1950-53), #101 was finally involved in combat, hauling troops and supplies between Pusan and Seoul After being sho up, members ofthe 765th Transportation Shop rebuil the locomotive, renumbering it #765. Ie saw farther duty ae a switcher around Pusan unt its retirement at war's end. Interestingly the original order which included #101, was placed on July 17, 1917. The entie order was completed on October 1, 1917 and is believed to be the most urgently constructed locomotive order in history: During peak 2-8-0 production for the military (1917-1918), Baldwin produced nearly 300 units per month, built in 1919 and named after the famed comm: der of the World War] AEF, The four-star d ‘Museum here after a trip from Korea. i: ae “Pershing’ Locomotive To Get Royal Welcome Rail Museum Exhibit From Korea To Arrive On Coast Saturday; Greeting Group Namec ‘The historic General Pershing locomotive No. 765 ‘rill dock at Oakland, Calif.~Saturday morning, bound {or the National Railroad Museum,here at Green Bay. It is being shipped from Pusan, Kores, by Naval trans- port ship-as a gift from the Republic of Korea to the oreum. ‘Word was received from 6th camps. Army ‘Headquarters in San| “Thirty years of active duty, BrZiacetodbo ofthe date for|norliy” qualifies "a soldier fno"iniga grea Trescperta-for retirement, But! not Ne tian acto te Pacific wes or-/W5, Although inet of is 10 fared’ by. the, Pentagon infbrothere™ had been scrapped Washington. ay that time, 1047 ushered tna A ealoetal welcome is belnglnew career’ for the curable arranged ot dgisiae Setarginon Horse one. that finaly Pree Harald Fuller of the ma-[piaced it in an oversest fear board bere fs sppotaied| eater of wat. S"lymmities consisting of| "An “American Assistance Goalrmans Rossel! Winters |Group was in Korea in 1047 ‘fom Strid, Nell Branson, Joha|peping the recently berated Beinsbury’ and’ Lovley Besbe eountry to rebuild its economy ‘Committee members are aja detensng ater the ae: asin to £0 lg Sen Franclsco[aese ccupaion, In this group TORE Gt eS Se torrente [were US Army Transport Me Prcont athe core ion Corpe offices aiding the the museum at the cert lRoreanr’ in. reviaizing, the efuinour author trom Virginla|Korean National Rallrood. Giee Nev Whe hes written alttects Great Need tay hain bedi |S et en ed ‘Histéry’ of Locomotive locomotives “101 surplus Mili- i csv tary allway Service ‘engines Mwave sent to Korea. One hun- red of them were shipped rom Europe, were they hed fBoen standing fale since the [German surréoder The 1st came recy from the United States, 1 wee Sone oter than Famous’ fame.’ Mest commonly|N@ 785. ‘teked question: Is that locomo-|_ “GI railroaders of the Thicd sated question; Is tat C02 yettary Hallway Ser vice Peraing? ‘The answer is. anjioshed: from Japan to Kore Pembing? The answer Is *0/Gh2t the Communist tnvaion Meee ob Ys ontuna No. 168 ready and wa age un nT byl ee, eee Works|United States Arms. foc org ets apnea ts a shop sich er peaitforiary Forces 3p. World gg vin’ Pusan,” dwarfed! b At ‘Yul eee ot” the isojeleek diesels but every inch 1 dirlatened “Pershing-type™ inj21aler” honor of the AEF’s command-| Eerwere turned fo Prence. No Tis"wos the one: that aida Go While it wailed ermbarka- ‘fea onthe docks a Norfole and teplaeing ‘the French cab] with one of American style But the locomotive again was| denied overseas tervice, In-| stead when World War 1 Sroke put “it-served asa] ‘wwitcher io two Souther! SS