notes on real numbers for CBSE Schools

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notes on real numbers for CBSE Schools

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REAL NUMBERS

CHAPTER

CONTENTS

Number System

Euclid's Division Lemma or Euclid's

Division Algorithm

The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic

to Find H.C.F. and L.C.M.

or zero.

Complex numbers :

Complex numbers are imaginary numbers of the

form a + ib, where a and b are real numbers and

i = 1 , which is an imaginary number.

Factors :

A number is a factor of another, if the former

exactly divides the latter without leaving a

remainder (remainder is zero) 3 and 5 are factors

of 12 and 25 respectively.

Multiples :

NUMBER SYSTEM

Natural Numbers :

The simplest numbers are 1, 2, 3, 4....... the

numbers being used in counting. These are called

natural numbers.

Whole numbers :

The natural numbers along with the zero form the

set of whole numbers i.e. numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 are

whole numbers. W = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4....}

Integers :

The natural numbers, their negatives and zero

make up the integers.

Z = {....4, 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,....}

The set of integers contains positive numbers,

negative numbers and zero.

Rational Number :

(i) A rational number is a number which can be

p

put in the form , where p and q are both

q

integers and q 0.

(ii) A rational number is either a terminating or

non-terminating and recurring (repeating)

decimal.

by another, 36 is a multiple of 2, 3, 4, 9 and 12.

Even Numbers :

Integers which are multiples of 2 are even number

(i.e.) 2,4, 6, 8............... are even numbers.

Odd numbers :

Integers which are not multiples of 2 are odd

numbers.

All natural number which cannot be divided by

any number other than 1 and itself is called a

prime number. By convention, 1 is not a prime

number. 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17 ............. are prime

numbers. Numbers which are not prime are called

composite numbers.

Number :

If a is a real number, modulus a is written as |a| ;

|a| is always positive or zero.It means positive

value of a whether a is positive or negative

|3| = 3 and |0| = 0, Hence |a| = a ; if a = 0 or a > 0

(i.e.) a 0

|3| = 3 = (3) . Hence |a| = a when a < 0

Hence, |a| = a, if a > 0 ; |a| = a, if a < 0

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Real Numbers

3 10 0.33

9

10

9

1

Irrational number :

(i) A number is irrational if and only if its

decimal representation is non-terminating and

non-repeating. e.g. 2 , 3 , ................ etc.

(ii) Rational number and irrational number taken

together form the set of real numbers.

or

1

= 0.142857142857..

7

(i) a > b or (ii) a = b or (iii) a < b

= 0.142857

7 10 0.14285.

7

30

28

20

14

60

56

40

35

50

49

1.

irrational number.

(v) The sum of a rational number with an

irrational number is always irrational.

(vi) The product of a non-zero rational number

with an irrational number is always an

irrational number.

(vii) The sum of two irrational numbers is not

always an irrational number.

(viii) The product of two irrational numbers is not

always an irrational number.

In division for all rationals of the form

p

(q 0), p & q are integers, two things can

q

happen either the remainder becomes zero or

never becomes zero.

Type (1) : Eg :

7

= 0.875

8

expansion

numbers.

Types (3) :

0.875

is

called

ends (terminates) after finite number of steps.

These decimal expansion of such numbers

terminating.

Type (2) :

1

Eg : = 0.333.

3

= 0. 3

division (respectively) we get remainder equal to

dividend so decimal expansion is repeating

(recurring).

So these are called non terminating recurring

decimal expansions.

8 70 0.875

64

60

56

40

40

This decimal

terminating.

zero so the decimal expansion is never ends after

some or infinite steps of division. These type of

decimal expansions are called non terminating.

not ends any where, also there is no arrangement

of digits (not repeating) so these are called non

terminating not recurring.

Eg. :

0.1279312793

rational

terminating

0.1279312793.

rational

non terminating

or 0.12793

& recurring

0.32777

rational

terminating

0.327 or

rational

non terminating

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Real Numbers

0.32777.

& recurring

0.5361279

rational

terminating

0.3712854043. irrational

2 2. 5 =

non terminating

non recurring

0.10100100010000 rational

terminating

0.10100100010000. irrational

non terminating

non recurring.

5 is

If remainder = 0

Terminating

&

Non repeating

Eg :

18

5

= 3.6

If remainder 0

& rem. any devidend

Non terminating

&

repeating (recurring)

Non terminating

non repeating

Eg :

= 0.33.... ..

0. 3

5 and

2 5 .

Ex.3

2 and 3 .

Sol.

positive irrational numbers, then ab is an

irrational number lying between a and b.

Irrational no.

If remainder 0

& rem. = devidend

2 5

Real Numbers

Rational no.

2 3 =

2 and

3 is

6 = 61/4

2 and 61/4 is

Eg : 0.671234..

Eg : 1.343634003908...

21/4 61/8.

Ex.4

0.13.

Sol.

rational numbers such that a < b.

EXAMPLES

Ex.1

between 2 and 3.

Sol.

such that ab is not a perfect square of a

rational number, then ab is an irrational

number lying between a and b. Also, if a,b are

a+b

rational numbers, then

is a rational

2

number between them.

A rational number between 2 and 3 is

2+3

= 2.5

2

23 = 6

Ex.2

2.5.

Sol.

numbers such that ab is not a perfect square

of a rational number, then

ab is an

irrational number lying between a and b.

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in the first place of decimal. But in the second

place of decimal a has a 2 and b has 3. So, we

consider the numbers

c = 0.1201001000100001 ......

and,

d = 0.12101001000100001.......

that a < c < d < b.

Theorem : Let p be a prime number. If p

divides a2, then p divides a, where a is a

positive integer.

Proof : Let the prime factorisation of a be as

follows :

not necessarily distinct.

Therefore,

a2 = (p1p2..pn) (p1p2 .. pn) = p12 p 22 .. p 2n .

Now, we are given that p divides a2.

Therefore, from the Fundamental Theorem of

Arithmetic, it follows that p is one of the

Real Numbers

uniqueness part of the Fundamental Theorem

of Arithmetic, we realise that the only prime

factors of a2 are p1, p2,, pn. So p is one of

p1, p2,, pn.

3 is

rational. That is, we can find integers a and b

a

( 0) such that 3 = .

b

Suppose a and b not having a common factor

other than 1, then we can divide by the

common factor, and assume that a and b are

coprime.

We are now ready to give a proof that

irrational.

2 is

proof by contradiction.

Ex.5

So, b 3 = a .

Squaring on both sides, and rearranging, we

get 3b2 = a2.

Prove that

(i)

2 is irrational number

(ii)

3 is irrational number

Similarly 5 , 7 , 11 ...

numbers.

it follows that a is also divisible by 3.

So, we can write a = 3c for some integer c.

are

irrational

b2 = 3c2.

2 is

also divisible by 3 (using Theorem with p = 3).

r

that 2 = .

s

common factor.

rational.

coprime.

other than 1. Then, we divide by the common

a

factor to get 2 = , where a and b are

b

coprime.

coprime.

This contradiction has arisen because of our

incorrect assumption that 3 is rational.

So, b 2 = a.

Squaring on both sides and rearranging, we

get 2b2 = a2. Therefore, 2 divides a2. Now, by

Theorem it following that 2 divides a.

So, we can write a = 2c for some integer c.

Ex.6

Sol.

Method I :

b2 = 2c2.

2

b (again using Theorem with p = 2).

7 3 =

p

(p, q are integers, q 0)

q

p

= 3

q

common factor.

no common factors other than 1.

incorrect assumption that 2 is rational.

3 is irrational.

2 is irrational.

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3=

7q p

q

7q p

is also integer

q

Real Numbers

LHS =

contradiction that

3 is irrational so our

7 3 is irrational proved.

Method II :

Let 7 3 is rational

we know sum or difference of two rationals is

also rational

Theorem 1 :

expansion terminates. Then x can be

p

expressed in the form , where p and q are

q

coprime and the prime factorization of q is of

the form 2n5m, where n, m are non-negative

integers.

(A) Numbers are terminating (remainder = zero)

Eg :

32 2 5

28

256

= 3 =

= 3 = 0.256

3

125 5

(2 5)

10

Eg :

9

9 22

36

36

= 2

=

=

= 0.36

2

2

25 5 2

(2 5)

(10) 2

7 (7 3 )

3 = rational

(7 3 ) is irrational

Ex.7

3 is irrational

proved.

Prove that :

(i)

5

3

OR

5

is rational

3

5

=

3

3

Theorem 2 :

5 is irrational

5

is irrational proved.

3

1

= 7

2

Theorem 3 :

7 is rational

1

= 0.142857 = 0.142857142857.....

7

2n 5m so we zero (0) will not show up as a

remainder.

rational)

Eg :

(2 7 )

p

be a rational number, such that the

q

prime factorization of q is of the form 2n 5m,

where n, m are non-negative integers. Then x

has a decimal expansion which terminates.

Let x =

5 is rational

p

form , where q is of the form 2n5m to an

q

a

equivalent rational number of the form

b

where b is a power of 10. These are

terminates.

7 is

irrational

2 7 is irrational

proved

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p

be a rational number, such that the

q

prime factorization of q is not of the form

2n5m, where n, m are non-negative integers.

Then, x has a decimal expansion which is

non-terminating repeating (recurring).

Let x =

that the decimal expansion of every rational

number is either terminating or nonterminating repeating.

Real Numbers

terminating or non terminating

For Example

(1)

13

13 13 2

(13 32)

=

=

=

3125 (5) 5 2 5 55

(10) 5

23 = 5 4 + 3

= terminating

a = 23, b = 5, q = 4, r = 3

(2)

(3)

(4)

17 17 17 5

17 125

= 3 =

=

3

8 2

(2 5)

(10) 3

(ii) Consider positive integers 18 and 4.

= terminating

18 = 4 4 + 2

64

26

=

(Q we can not remove 7

455 5 7 13

& 13 from dinominator) non-terminating

repeating (Q no. is rational it is always

repeating or recurring)

r = 2 and 0 r < b.

In the relation a = bq + r, where 0 r < b is

nothing but a statement of the long division of

number a by number b in which q is the

quotient obtained and r is the remainder.

15

3 5

3 55

3 55

= 4

=

=

1600 2 10 2 (2 5) 4 10 2

10 6

remainder a = bq + r

= terminating

(5)

29

29

=

= non terminating

343 (7) 3

(6)

23

23 5

23 5

=

=

3 2

3

25

(2 5)

(10) 3

= terminating

3 43 2 2

129

=

(7) 5 7

2 5 75

(2 5) 7 7 5

= non terminating (Q 7 cannot remove

from denominator)

(8)

6 23 2 22

= =

=

15 5 3 5

10

= terminating

(9)

(10)

35 35 2

=

= terminating

50

100

largest positive integer that divides each given

positive number completely.

i.e., if positive integer d divides two positive

integers a and b then the H.C.F. of a and b is d.

For Example

28 and 70 completely; therefore H.C.F. of 28

and 70 is 14.

(ii) H.C.F. of 75, 125 and 200 is 25 as 25 divides

each of 75, 125 and 200 completely and so

on.

H.C.F.

Consider positive integers 418 and 33.

Step-1

77

7 11

7 11

=

=

210 7 30 7 2 5 3

number (33) as b

= non terminating

EUCLIDS DIVISION ALGORITHM

418 = 33 12 + 22

Step-2

unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq + r,

where 0 r < b.

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apply the Euclids division algorithm to get:

33 = 22 1 + 11 [Expressing as a = bq + r]

Real Numbers

we get

90 = 45 2 + 0

Step-3

remainder 11; apply the Euclids division

algorithm to get:

Required H.C.F. = 45

22 = 11 2 + 0

Step-4

proceed further.

H.C.F. = 196

418 and 33 = 11

255 = 102 2 + 51 (Step-2)

Verification :

102 = 51 2 + 0

418 and,

Common factors = 1 and 11

H.C.F. = 51

Sol.

and b are two positive integers such that a is

greater than b; then these two integers can be

expressed as

a = bq + r; where 0 r < b

Now consider

factors = 11.

For any two positive integers a

and b which can be expressed as a = bq + r, where

0 r < b, the, H.C.F. of (a, b) = H.C.F. of (q, r)

and so on. For number 418 and 33

a = 2q + r; where 0 r < 2,

i.e., r = 0 or r = 1

If

r = 0, a = 2q + r a = 2q

418 = 33 12 + 22

i.e., a is even

33 = 22 1 + 11

and, if

22 = 11 2 + 0

i.e., a is add;

r = 1, a = 2q + r a = 2q + 1

it is applicable to the every positive integer

that when it can be expressed as

EXAMPLES

H.C.F. of

[NCERT]

a = 2q

a = 2q + 1; a is odd.

225 = 135 1 + 90

(Ans.)

form 2q and that every positive odd integer is

of the from 2q + 1, where q is some integer.

(Step-3)

Ex.9

Ex.8

(Ans.)

Step-5

and

(Ans.)

Ex.10

get

135 = 90 1 + 45

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form 4q + 1 or 4q + 3, where q is some

integer.

Real Numbers

Sol.

greater than b. According to Euclids division

algorithm; a and b can be expressed as

Ex.12

form 6q + 1 or 6q + 3 or 6q + 5 is odd, where

q is some integer.

remainder and 0 r < b.

Sol.

a is greater than b; then according to Euclids

division algorithm; we have

Taking b = 4, we get: a = 4q + r,

where 0 r < 4 i.e., r = 0, 1, 2 or 3

and 0 r < b.

is even.

Let b = 6, then

a = bq + r a = 6q + r; where 0 r < 6.

2 and so is odd.

When r = 0 a = 6q + 0 = 6q;

which is even integer

r = 2 q = 4q + 2, which is divisible by 2

and so is even.

When

by 2 and so is odd.

4q + 1 or 4q + 3; where q is an integer.

Hence the required result.

Ex.11

Sol.

n + 4 is divisible by 3, where n is any positive

integer.

r = 2 a = 6q + 2 which is even.

When

r = 3 a = 6q + 3 which is odd.

When

r = 4 a = 6q + 4 which is even.

When

r = 5 a = 6q + 5 which is odd.

Ex.13

the square of any positive integer is either of

the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.

Sol.

a is greater than b; then:

a = bq + r n = 3q + r; where 0 r < 3.

When

integer obtained is 6q + 1 or 6q + 3 or 6q + 5

and each of these integers is a positive odd

number.

such that a is greater than b, then according to

Euclids division algorithm:

a = bq + r; where q and r are positive integers

and 0 r < b

r = 1 a = 6q + 1

r = 0 n = 3q + 0 = 3q

r = 1 n = 3q + 1 and r = 2 n = 3q + 2

integers and 0 r < b

If n = 3q; n is divisible by 3

Taking b = 3, we get:

If n = 3q + 1; then n + 2 = 3q + 1 + 2

= 3q + 3; which is divisible by 3

n + 2 is divisible by 3

If n = 3q + 2; then n + 4 = 3q + 2 + 4

= 3q + 6; which is divisible by 3

n + 4 is divisible by 3

Hence, if n is any positive integer, then one

and only one out of n, n + 2 or n + 4 is

divisible by 3.

Hence the required result.

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a = 3q + r; where 0 r < 3

3q + 0, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2

i.e., 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.

Now we have to show that the squares of

positive integers 3q, 3q + 1 and 3q + 2 can be

expressed as 3m, or 3m + 1 for some integer

m.

Square of 3q = (3q)2

= 9q2 = 3(3q2) = 3m; 3 where m is some

integer.

Real Numbers

ARITHMETIC

= 9q + 6q + 1

= 9q2 + 12q + 4

decomposed as a product prime numbers in a

unique way, except for the order in which the

prime numbers occur.

= 9q2 + 12q + 3 + 1

For example :

Square of 3q + 2 = (3q + 2)2

(ii) 432 = 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 = 24 33

the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.

or 432 = 33 24.

(iii) 12600 = 2 2 2 3 3 5 5 7

Ex.14

Sol.

= 23 32 52 7

the cube of any positive integer is either of

the 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 8 for some integer m.

the product of its prime factors written in

ascending order of their values.

a is greater than b; then:

= 33 5 72

and 0 r < b.

(ii) 532400 = 2 2 2 2 5 5 11 11 11

Taking b = 3, we get:

EXAMPLES

a = 3q + r; where 0 r < 3

Ex.15

number. Check whether there is any value of

n N for which 6n is divisible by 7.

Sol.

Since, 6 = 2 3; 6n = 2n 3n

3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.

Cube of 3q = (3q)3 = 27q3 = 9(3q3) = 9m;

where m is some integer.

6n is not divisible by 7.

3

Ex.16

number. Check whether there is any value of

n N for which 12n ends with the digit zero.

Sol.

zero it is always divisible by 5.

[Q (q + b) = a + 3a b + 3ab + 1]

= 27q3 + 27q2 + 9q + 1

3

(Ans)

= 9(3q + 3q + q) + 1

= 9m + 1; where m is some integer.

Cube of 3q + 2 = (3q + 2)3

divisible by 5.

= (3q)3 + 3(3q)2 2 + 3 3q 22 + 23

12n contains the prime number 5.

Now, 12 = 2 2 3 = 22 3

contain the prime number 5.

form 9m or 9m + 1 or 9m + 8.

Hence the required result.

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12n ends with the digit zero.

Real Numbers

(Ans)

9

Ex.18

Ex.17

EXAMPLES

(i) 540

(i)

(ii) 21252

(iii) 8232

540

270

135

45

15

45 divided by 3 gives 15

15 divided by 3 gives 5

17

finding the other ?

c = 17 2 = 34

Sol.

b = c 2 = 34 2 = 68 and

a = b 2 = 68 2 = 136

i.e., a = 136, b = 68 and c = 34.

540 = 2 2 3 3 3 5 = 22 33 5

2

21252

ARITHMETIC TO FIND H.C.F. AND L.C.M.

2 10626

3

5313

1771

11

253

EXAMPLES

Ex.19

23

= 22 3 11 7 23.

2

8232

4116

2058

1029

343

49

(iii) 17 and 25

Sol. (i) Since, 26 = 2 13 and, 91 = 7 13

2

26

and

13

91

13

with highest powers. = 2 13 7 = 182. (Ans)

i.e., L.C.M. (26, 91) = 182.

(Ans)

with lowest powers. = 13.

8232 = 2 2 2 3 7 7 7

3

pairs of integers by applying the Fundamental

theorem of Arithmetic method i.e., using the

prime factorisation method.

(i) 26 and 91

21252 = 2 2 3 7 11 23

(iii)

(Ans)

finding the others.

Reason: The given numbers 2, 2, 2 and 17

are the only prime factors of the number on

top and so the number on top = 2 2 2 17

= 136

divided by any prime number

(ii)

following factorisation:

=2 37 .

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and,

2520 = 2 2 2 3 3 5 7

= 23 32 5 7

Real Numbers

10

1296

2520

In example 19 (iii) :

648

1260

324

630

162

315

any common prime factor. Such numbers are

called co-prime numbers and their H.C.F. is

always equal to 1 (one), whereas their L.C.M.

is equal to the product of the numbers.

81

105

27

35

product of the numbers is always equal to the

product of their L.C.M. and their H.C.F.

As, in case of co-prime numbers 17 and 25;

highest powers

= 1 425 = 425.

= 24 34 5 7 = 45,360

i.e., L.C.M. (1296, 2520) = 45,360

(Ans)

Their L.C.M. their H.C.F.

= Product of the number

Pr oduct of the numbers

(i) L.C.M. =

H.C.F.

with lowest powers.

= 23 32 = 8 9 = 72

i.e., H.C.F. (1296, 2520) = 72.

(Ans)

and,

L.C.M.

(ii) H.C.F. =

(iii) Since, 17 = 17

25 = 5 5 = 52

L.C.M. = 17 5 = 17 25 = 425

and, H.C.F. = Product of common prime

factors with lowest powers

= 1, as given numbers do not have any

common prime factor.

In example 19 (i) :

Ex.20

L.C.M. H.C.F.

Other number

find L.C.M. (306, 657)

Sol.

= 2366

306 and 657 = 9

L.C.M. of 306 and 657.

given numbers = Product of the given

numbers

their L.C.M. =

In example 19 (ii) :

= 1296 2520 = 3265920

and, product of their

Their H.C.F.

306 657

= 22,338.

9

Ex.21

H.C.F. (150, 100)

Sol.

= 1296 2520

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= 150 100

Real Numbers

11

And, we know :

Ex.23

=

L.C.M. (150,100)

Sol.

150 100

= 50.

300

Ex.22

12 and 240 respectively. If one of these

numbers is 48; find the other numbers.

Sol.

12 240

Other no. =

= 60.

48

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Since,

7 11 13 + 13 = 13 (7 11 + 1)

= 13 78 = 13 13 3 2;

that is, the given number has more than two

factors and it is a composite number.

Similarly, 7 6 5 4 3 + 5

= 5 (7 6 4 3 + 1)

= 5 505 = 5 5 101

Real Numbers

12

EXERCISE

Q.1

false :

(i) The sum of two rationals is always rational

(ii) The product of two rationals is always

rational

(iii) The sum of two irrationals is an irrational.

(iv) The product of two irrationals is an

irrational

(v) The sum of a rational and an irrational is

irrational

(vi) The product of a rational and an irrational

is irrational

Q.2

numbers (iii) real numbers.

Q.3

irrational :

22

(ii) 3.1416

(i)

7

Q.4

(iii)

(v) 5.636363......

(vii) 1.535335333....

(iv) 3.142857

(vi) 2.040040004......

(viii) 3.121221222...

(ix)

(x)

21

irrational :

(i)

(iv) (2 + 5 )

(v) (5 + 3 2 )

(vi) 3 7

(viii) (2 3 5 )

Q.8

Q.9

is irrational.

Prove that

Q.6

following rational numbers is a non-terminating

repeating decimal :

11

73

9

(i) 3

(ii) 3 3

(iii)

35

(2 3)

(2 3 5)

171

800

(v)

15

1600

(vi)

19

3125

simplest form :

(i) 0. 8

(ii) 2. 4

(iii) 0.24

(iv) 0.12

(v) 2.24

(vi) 0.365

not :

(i) 53.123456789

(ii) 31.123456789

(iii) 0.12012001200012...

Give reason to support your answer.

Q.10

algorithm.

Q.11

quotient and 32 as remainder. Find the number.

Q.12

31 as quotient and 32 as remainder ?

Q.13

(i) 405 and 2520

(ii) 504 and 1188

(iii) 960 and 1575

Q.14

LCM of

(i) 144, 198

(ii) 396, 1080

(iii) 1152, 1664

Q.15

LCM of

(i) 24, 36, 40

(ii) 30, 72, 432

(iii) 21, 28, 36, 45

(ix) ( 3 + 5 )

Q.5

following rational numbers is a terminating

decimal. Express each in decimal form :

23

24

17

(iii)

(i) 3 2 (ii)

125

320

(2 5 )

(iv)

(ii) (2 3 )

(iii) (3 + 2 )

(vii)

Q.7

32

64

77

(v)

(vi)

147

455

210

129

29

(vii)

(viii) 2 7

343

(2 5 7 5 )

(iv)

CAREER POINT, CP Tower, Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.), Ph: 0744-3040000

Real Numbers

13

Q.16

is 1449. If one of the numbers is 161, find the

other.

Q.17

is 7700. If one of the numbers is 275, find the

other.

Q.18

long have to be divided into planks of the same

length. What is the greatest possible length of

each plank ?

Q.19

used to measure exactly the length 7 m, 3 m 85 cm

and 12 m 95 cm.

Q.20

whom 1001 pens and 910 pencils can be

distributed in such a way that each student gets

the same number of pens and the same number

of pencils.

Q.21

Q.22

Q.23

96 cm in length. Find the least length of cloth

that can be measured an exact number of times,

using any of the rods.

Q.24

crossings change after every 48 seconds,

72 seconds and 108 seconds respectively. If

they all change simultaneously at 8 hours, then

at what time will they again change

simultaneously ?

Q.25

60 seconds. Another device makes a beep after

every 62 seconds. They beeped together at

10 am. At what time will they beep together at

the earliest ?

Q.26

intervals of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 minutes

respectively. In 30 hours, how many times do

they toll together ?

books containing 336, 240 and 96 books

respectively have to be stacked in such a way

that all the books are stored subject wise and

the height of each stack is the same. How many

stacks will be there ?

Find the least number of square tiles required to

pave the ceiling of a room 15 m 17 cm long and

9 m 2 cm broad.

CAREER POINT, CP Tower, Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.), Ph: 0744-3040000

Real Numbers

14

ANSWER KEY

1. (i) True

(ii) True

(iii) False

(iv) False

(v) True

(vi) True

3. (i) Rational

(ii) Rational

(iii) Irrational

(iv) Rational

(v) Rational

(vi) Irrational

(ix) Irrational

(x) Irrational

(iii) 0.053125

(iv) 0.21375

(v) 0.009375

(vi) 0.00608

7. (i) 0.115

8. (i)

8

9

(ii) 0.192

(ii)

22

9

(iii)

8

33

(iv)

11

90

(v)

101

45

(vi)

181

495

11. 1679

12. 43

15. (i) HCF = 4, LCM = 360

13. (i) 45

(ii) 36

(ii) HCF = 6, LCM = 2160

(iii) 15

(iii) HCF = 128, LCM = 14976

16. 207

17. 308

18. 7 m

19. 35 cm

20. 91

22. 814

23. 9.6 m

24. 8 : 7 : 12 hrs

25. 10 : 31 hrs

26. 16 times

CAREER POINT, CP Tower, Road No.1, IPIA, Kota (Raj.), Ph: 0744-3040000

21. 14

Real Numbers

15

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