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Dhaka, one of the most populated city in the world with 6970105 number of
population living in the 300km2 area. Dhaka is known for the capital of
Bangladesh and also known for the chaotic capital and for its extraordinary
masterpiece, which is Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban. Majestic building that have its
own sacred to it. The building that have its own definition of modernity. But does
it follow the principle of modernity to its best? ‘Holy’, when the idea to fuse the
water element and materiality give more spiritual essence to the building.
Reflection of the building on the water and the impressive shadow drama when
the light strikes the building makes it reached the whole new level of its poetic
and beauty. But the beauty was just the surface that covering all the secrets
deep within. Secret or agendas that still remain unknown until now to the
community of India. The power that they have form this magnificent building, it
was not a statement but it’s a question for the citizen. Do the ‘power’ concealed
within the building really belong to them? And who should weep the tears of joy
and gratified after the completion of this sacred building? India, or the parasitic
The enormous monolith architecture, known as Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban by Louis
Isadore Kahn was known for its monumental. It stands undeniable like a fortress,
and integrate well with the scenery. The clarity of the geometrical form and mass
of the building, fulfil the grand intention of Louis Kahn which is timeless. It will
stand as eternal monument, with his immortal material. Concrete, bricks and
His architecture is modern, yet eternal.
Said Frank Gehry.
But does Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban really a masterpiece of modern
Respecting the materials, as even a brick wants to be something.
Said Kahn in one of his lecture with University of Yale’s student.
The philosophy that Kahn hold to which made him well known for his bare
concrete and bricks. Thus he used his expertise in understanding the behaviour
of each materials and gave it up into this masterpiece. This monolithic building
was designed to unite the geometrical structural form without hiding its weight
and volume. It’s all started with a diagonal square, tartan grids and circle at the
middle of the geometry. The process evolved to the zoning phase where the
rectangle were arranged in a ring, with the same identical squares were facing
west, north and east. As a result, Louis Kahn managed to come up with an axial
symmetry which have the essence of modernist.
Scully once said that.
One of the most successful examples of modern architecture on the

Mandala is a spiritual symbol in Indian religion. An urban poverty. using architecture. But also a square and circle-square combinations and images derived from them.29 billion for this particular Parliament Building. this masterpiece was meant to be a “primal figure” and a “mandala”. I could called it one of the product of cultural colonisation. Form ought to come from the function of the building. I could clearly see the beauty of the geometric and the massiveness of Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban. which could operate as extremely powerful implements. Slums.But referring to the stand of the early modern architecture which is ‘form follows function’ and by looking at the early stage of Louis Kahn’s design process. Despite. Louis Sullivan said that. poverty. for example the octagon. He wanted his building to mimic and have the essence of the ancient and timeless concept thus he started his work with a raw geometrical which were square and circle. poor migrants might be the one that suffer the most behind all these tremendous building. it’s still subjective on how each of the architects expressed his own way of modernity and how each of them have their own philosophy towards the very basic question for architecture. being one of the most populated city in the world having 300 000 to 400 000 poor migrants with poverty everywhere. It makes me triggers a few question How is it that this enormous extraordinary masterpiece was built on one of the world’s most densely populated and poorest country? Accepting the fact that the building itself was designed and built by an American architect. Louis Sullivan. energetic systems emerge. it was his peak point of finding his own styles and purpose of design. lecturer in Tallinn University Appreciating the view. by standing in front of this masterpiece near Manik Mia Avenue. Architect. a form. Said Vilen Künnapu. This was one of his journey ramification after travelling to Egypt and Italy. Referring to my previous research stating that ‘architecture during . When mandala images unite. the beauty and astounding view suddenly gone when I turned my head and faced the other side of Dhaka. representing the universe “Mandala” comes from Sanskrit and means a circle. But the way Louis Kahn expressed his way of architecture have huge contradictory with one of the famous architect. The starting of his holy ‘awakening’ in understanding the architecture. But. he started it with a shape. All I could see is one major problem. ‘what is architecture’ Tremendous in scale. an image with a centre. At the end. not historical precedent. connecting us with the universe. A vertical axis grows out of a mandala centre. they still managed to pay 1.

the lawmakers of the particular country could not generate a new vision and identity thus the structure of the administration of India was mimicry from the previous British India system. Then. They want their freedom to lead their country back. a uniform legal system. The colonisation of British provoked a storm of rebellion between Indian citizens. The legacy of British is everywhere in India. What are the stories behind this masterpiece? Does this building conceal political issue. which was an American architect to complete the intention of Ayub Khan to create a landmark to portray ‘power and politics’ for India. Commissioning Louis Kahn. they need power. It was indeed one of the colonisation that we called ‘the colonisation of the mind’. soon after that the British’s primary focus of governance at first was to extract wealth and colonise the Indian people were no longer benefitial. Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban were built to demonstrate power and politic of the East Pakistan (Bangladesh). British reorganise the army. between American. ‘Power of the Powerless’ ? The story behind this masterpiece have a strong root and associated with power. they left India in 1947 after finding their occupation of India no longer financially and politically period. financial system and the administration of India. they nevertheless remained subject to the effective control of the major world powers’. under the patronage of American may be seen as product of politic’. To solidify their own stand in their own country. 2001. it was the power of American or it was a legacy of British ideas and thought in the postcolonial situation. Even though the formerly colonized territories gradually had their political sovereignty returned to them. The . Bush states. But here comes the big question. America’s aim during postcolonial period was dubious. This shows that the British still infused their own influence inside the government through the legal system. civil and criminal law. and soon they managed to get it after the First War of Independence. When it comes to Architectural project. This colonisation of the mind was arguably one of the most tractable and damaging legacies of the colonial rule. 2006 All I could say from my own perspective when reading and observing the law I could say that during the post-colonisation India. Common. even after they left. the introduction of British style administration in education system and the defence. Kahn to build the Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban? Was it just a mirage of Bangladesh on the surface but deep inside it. Said Young. British and India? British & America After India’s First War of Independence against the British in 1857. which was more to political instead of the interest towards the arts. does it successfully shows the power of Bangladesh by commissioning Louis I.

British was actually maneuver everything. they still remain as the ‘powerless’ when in reality the British still controlling them from the inside. practise and principles. so that they can control India and make used of everything that they had. The end of colonial rule did not necessarily mean the end of colonialism. . which the British had established during the colonial period It is true that town planning in British colonial possession was derived from British town planning legislation. Clever enough. They believed that they actually get their independence and their life were no longer tied up to British. It’s the same thing happened to India. as it seems like they got their independence in 1948 but it was not. Said Leela Gandhi. They make sure everything was systematic enough. ‘The power of the powerless’? Well. Sadly. For me it was like you’re buying a furniture from the British company that you might need a manual to install it. from deep within. and how they planned everything for the sake of their own benefits. Power Configuration During the postcolonial period in India and Pakistan. the elite members consist of bureaucrats and members of the military had to undertake the additional task which are to sustain the super structure of the state. You’re referring to the manual as it was a guide in order for you to complete it. And all their elites that leading the country were actually following what’s the British had provided. As they’re following what the British had provided before it left the country. Smiling. the citizens of India did not know this. How it was actually started during their colonisation of India. It was very unfortunate for the Indian community but as for British. the Indian were praising them and saying that they’re fortunate to have this impressive masterpiece on their land. they did very well and succeeded in continuing their propaganda and ‘owning’ India. And unfortunate for the citizen. 2007 British India America I made this diagram to show the flow of what actually happened and who were the one that structured everything at the very beginning. Said Njoh.‘parasitic’ British still controlling India from the deep within the administration and on the other hand.